The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, November 27, 1910, SECTION FIVE, Page 4, Image 60

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TIIE SUNDAY OREGOXTAy, POItTLAyp, XOYE3IBER 27, 1910.
ENGLAND'S VALHALLA IS CROWDED
NOW WITH FORGOTTEN NOBODIES
Lord Eversley Wants Westminster Abbey Extended to Make Boom for Really Great Deans Ban Things at Abbey
and Plead Lack of Space Whenever They Have Objections to a Great Modern Being Admitted.
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FT Rt'PERT NEVILLE.
LONDON. Nor. Sp-ll. What-
vr happens. London Is lo
hare another malue to ad. I to
Itt inartlctlc collection. In mem
ory of 4 Edward the Peacemaker.
But there will be other memo
Tlala a well. o Lord Eversler
kaa aua-geated a new Monumental Chap
el aa an extension of Westminster Ab
bey. And several people, who have ex
amined the Abbey anil detected some
of Its absurdities would like to see a
arenera! overhauling of the memorials
there already.
It Is the proper thins; for most peo
ple to speak reverentially of Westmin
ster Abbey as England s Valhalla. That
la because It ta generally believed that
most of the folk who are burled there,
or commemorated there, have done
; something Considerable to help make
. England great. Heroes, mighty war
riors, men of genius, statesmen, pro
' found scholars, eminent scientists.
' great poets, daring explorers, distin
guished authors people. In short, who
have merited enduring fame are popu
larly supposed to constitute the bulk
of those Interred In this most re
nowned of England's mausoleums.
Such Is the belief of most of the
' many thousands of Americans who an
,Bually visit the Abbey. They are woe
fully mistaken.
Abbey Is Inspiring; Place.
Westminster Abbey Is a grand place,
an Inspiring place, but Its claim to be
England's Valhalla Is founded on Ignor
ance and false pretenses. Among the
names commemorated there, those who
were bora great or had greatness thrust
upon them far outnumber those who
achieved greatnes. And those for
whom none of these claims to distinc
tion can be advanced are considerably
more numerous.
The nobodies In Westminster Abbey
compose an overwhelming majority
over the somebodies. It was William
Wri(. of South Carolina, who started
me on the Investigation which has Jus
tified this sweeping statement. William
Wragg baa been defunct for over 130
years. I had never heard of him until
the other day. when I encountered an
American woman in the Abbey who
was looking for him or rather his
monument.
She told me that William Wragg waa
on of her ancestors and led me to In
fer that she waa mighty proud of the
fart. One of her chief objects In cross
ing the Atiantle wus to see his memo
rial In Westminster Abbey. She had
bought an official guidebook, and had
consulted Its Index, and dlllgently
. scanned every page In It, but had found
no mention of the great William Wragg
of South Carolina. It was a burning
shame, she said, that an official guide
to the Ahbey should contntn no men
tion of the fact that her distinguished
ancestor. William Wr?z. of South
Carolina, had a monument there.
I aald that I thought so, too. And,
recognlilng In me a sympathetic com
patriot, she aked me to help her find
It. Which, with the aid of a verger. I
did. The monument turned out to be a
tablet. It contained this Inscription:
"To the memory of William Wragg.
Esq.. of South Carolina, who. when the
American Colonies Revolted From Great
Britain., Invincibly Maintained Ilia Loy
ally to the Person and Oovernnmnt cf
Ills Sovereicn, and waa therefore Com
pelled to Leave his Distressed Family
and Ample Fortune. In his Passage to
England by way of Amsterdam he was
Vnforturately Shipwrecked and Drowned
Off the Coast of Holland the 31st of Sen
Umber. 1TT7."
From this It would appear that Will
Jam Wras Eso- w as a . Torv who dis
covered early In the War of Indepen-
denre that discretion was the better part
or valor, skedaddled and was drowned.
His record was one which, at best, mer
ited merciful oblivion. And yet he was
awarded a memorial tablet In England'
Valhalla.
1 left his descendant gsslng at It with
an expression of soraphlc Jy on her
countenance, and taking the verger aside
slipped a quarter Into his hand.
"Tell me." 1 said, "why William Wrsgg.
Esq.. Isn't mentioned In .the official
guide?"
"Tiecause," he answered, with some
thing very much like a grin, "he Isn't
worth mentioning."
"Ami are there many of the dead here
who are not worth- mentioning?"
Lot of them, sir. If It is the truth
you want more of that sort than any
other kind. Many of them are mentioned
In the guide book, too, because if they
were crowded out It would make a very
slim volume. The fact la that up to be
tween 100 and 150 years ago. getting
buried In the Abbey was entirely a ques
tion of money and Influence. And since
then Influence has caused many to be
burled here who had no genuine claim ,
to such distinction."
Hence, then, comes the popular
Impression that only the really great
are commemorated here?"
I'uixle to Many Pound.
"That has often pussled me. Nobody
who goes through the Abbey with his
eyes open and his wits about him can
help finding out for himself that the
really great are In a minority. But the
Abbey sort of hypnotises folks espe
cially those who come from America
and count themselves a great deal
smarter than most people. They see
only what they come to see. And of
course we vergers don't undeceive
them. That Isn't what we are here
for."
I recognised the spell of the Abbey.
I had been under It In my previous
visits. But William Wragg. Esq.. of
South Carolina, had shocked me into
something: like common sense.
"Show me," I said, "some of the
memorials and monuments of these nu
merous nobodies."
He showed me. And then I did some
Investigating and reading up on my
own account. Then the humbug of
Westminster Abbey was laid bare, to
me. Sir Godfrey Kueller. the cele-1
brated portrait painter, who died in
K2.1. was well aware of It.
"By Ood," ha exclaimed as he lay
dying. "I will not be burled In West
minster Abbey. They do bury fools
mere.'- let. by the Irony of fate.
Kneller Is tha only painter commemo
rated In the Abbey. He wanted hla
monument placed In Twickenham
Church. But the spot he selected' was
occupied by Pope's tablet to his own
father, and after much acrimonious
correspondence between the poet ami
the painter's widow the monument was
dumped Into Westminster Abbey.
I'ope wrote many of the epitaphs In
the Abbey, but he himself was clearly
of the opinion that Interment there de
tracted from the fsme of the departed
rather than added to It. By hla own
directions he was burled In Twicken
ham Church, beside his beloved moth
er. His epitaph, which he composed
himself. Is preceded by this lln, 'For
one that would not b burled In West
minster Abbey."
The famoua 'Toets' Corner." when
scrutinised by eyes that are free from
the hypnotic spell of the Abbey. Is
found to contain monuments and
memorials to nearly as many minor
and forgotten poets aa to really great
ones. Mason, Denham. Drayton. Shad
well. Stepney, rhllllps. M. Evremo -t
Anstey, Howe, Prior. Cay and t'tjirs
wrote nothing that has survived the
thing over a score of them are com- f
memorated In the Abbey. Most of them
are now numbered among the nobodies.
oo aiso are tne canons, minor canons
and prebendaries, who occupy space In
the Abbey which Is needed for men
who have done- really big things.
Most of thex courtiers burled In the
Abbey are now equally out of place
there. Entirely so are the court
flunkeys. Daily Waiters In Ordinary to
the King. Gentlemen Ushers of the
Black Rod, Gentlemen of the Bedcham
ber. Pages of the Bedchamber and the
like. Indeed, the folk buried In West
minster Abbey are a very mixed lot.
In one of the cloisters lies Mrs. Eliza
beth Atkinson, whose claim to that dis
tinction rests on the fact that she "had
the honor to serve her late Majesty
Queen Anne as body laundress during
the whole of her reign." In the same
cloister reposes John Willis. He was
buried there for no other reason than
that ho was employed as a carpenter
In the Abbey. In other cloisters are
Interred several ushers of Westmlnste
school and a few of their wives. "John
O'Keefe, Esq.," a lineal descendant of
the Irish Kings." according to the In
scrlption on his tablet, must feel some
what out of place In such company.
Pugilism has Its representative In
John Broughton, a former champion o
England. Broughton wished that fact,
which constituted a genuine claim to
distinction. Inscribed on his tombstone
but the sanctimonious dean of tha
time would not permit it. and so the
memory of the doughty fighter is trans
mltted to posterity as a "Yeoman of
the Guard."
There now remains very little space
for the genuine somebodies. In
cent years Stanley, the great African
explorer; Herbert Spencer, pernnps tne
greatest of English pnnosopners,
Swinburne, certainly a greater poet
than most of those In the "Poets Cotr
ner.' 'and George Meredith, the great
novelist have been crowded out. In
evitably, and very soon, too, they will
have to begin dlggln-r up the nobodies
to nrovlde room for the somebodies, un
Lord Eversley s suggestion is
donted.
It would only be reversing a former
precedent. After the restoration
Cromwell. Ireton. Bradshaw. Blake and
other famous men of the wraition
wealth to the number of a score, were
Hiiinterreri and their places were after
wards filled chiefly by the illegitimate
progeny of Charles II. i nat woum
not be a bad place to begin digging
again when the time comes to remove
h worthless to make way lor un
worthy.
SUFFRAGISTS UNDAUNTED
Methods Successful in Washington
Will Bo Adopted In Oregon.
rriRTI.ANn. Nov. 25 (To the Edi
tor.li Having Just finished your lead
er of this morning, I desire to reply as
briefly as possible. I refer to your care
fully tabulated statement of the rela
tive votes on the suffrage amendment.
hlch. like the ghost of Banquo, win
down at the bidding of no enemy.
If vou will compare the relative vot
ing population of Oregon between tne
ear 1900 and succeeding years w-nen
ur amendment was up for a one-sided
contest you will aee that, while the
uffrage vote has almost held its own.
he increased "no" vote, of which you
oast, is chargeable, first, to Increased
nonulatlon. and. secondly, to the fact
that ever since the National campaign
of 1895-6 the local suffragists have
nlv done enough of public "Insisting
of any sort to keep the "deadlock" and
lockers ' at bay. During an mis lima
we have refrained from open and ac-
Ive organization. When Oregon ana
Washington both came on at one elee-
lon with a suffrage campaign, and af-
er our National co-workers were kept
ut of the field as campaigners, the two
state leaders formed a compact, in
which Wahslngton was to make a "hur
rah" or heorle struggle, and Oregon
as to retreat, as far as possible, to
mbush, and the further compact was
hat the losing state would thereafter
follow the methods of the winning state.
nd In either case there were to be no
ore Eastern Imports, coming with
heir antiquated methods to swamp ua
In the quicksands and leave us to our
fate.
Washington having won, our turn to
adopt winning methods among home
SOCIETY, STAGE, HYMENEAL ALTAR,
DEATH PUT FAIR WOMEN IN LIMELIGHT
Vivian Gould to Wed British Lord Admiral Terry's Daughter to Be Bride of Member of Italian Embassy.
Estelle Stead, Child of Noted Editor, Actress Despite Father's Opposition.
i test of time, but they are retained in
a company from which Byron is ex
cluded and to which Swinburne was
cenied admission.
Mingled with the poets are people who
did absolutely nothing for which they
i n 1 1 ,A Ha.4 Ku -I... .1
here South Carolina score. Nr I workers is now in order. And. wheth-
i. .v. .1 , i er our enemies like it or not, we ex-
of Chaucer, Dryden, Tennyson and
Browning Is one beneath which repose
the remains of Barbara Simpson, the
wife of James Simpson, formerly "His
Majesty's Attorney-General for South
Carolina." The barbarism here perpe
trated la accentuated by the fact that
the letters on the Simpson slab were
recently repainted a glaring white so
that they Just howled at you for notice.
How small a part real merit has often
played In securing burial In the abbey
is well exemplified In the treatment
of the Smitha. The Smiths are a nu
merous and sturdy tribe and It would
not be difficult to name some wlm
have "made good" In a big way. But
the two Smiths burled In the abbey-
John and Thomas are not there be
cause they did anything great. John.
It Is plain from the inscription on his
monument, owed this distinction to the
fact that hla two daughters made ex
cellent matches, one of them wedding
the eldest son of an Earl and the
other a Baronet. Thomas merely died
of smallpox.
Mary Kendall's Grave Found.
Mary Kendall, who died in 1710, has
a mural monument and a grave In St.
John's chapel. She got there by the
simple process of giving orders to that
effect before she died. "Her many vir
tues." her epitaph states, "rendered
her every way worthy of that close union
and friendship In which she lived with
Lady Catherine Jones, and in testi
mony of which she desired that even
their ashes after death might not be di
vided and therefore ordered herself
here to be Interred where she knew that
excellent lady designed when dead to
rest near the grave of her beloved and
religious mother, Elizabeth, Countess
of Ranelagh." But "that excellent
lady" somehow missed getting buried
In the abbey after all and has conse
quently been lost In tha mists of ob
scurlty.
There are many burled In the abbey
wno nave a tar better claim to Infamy
man to lame. The worst scoundrel
or tne lot Is Thomas Thynne. a favor
ite of the profligate Charles II. He
waa a wealthy man for his time but to
gain greater riches lie forced the child
widow of Lord Ogle, the heiress of
the Percy family and then only 15.
to marry him. She ran away from
him and one of her unsuccessful suit
ors. Count Konlgsmarck, a Swedish
nobleman, sent Thynne a challenge by
his friend Captain Vrats. Thynne re
sponded to the challenge by dispatching
six desperadoes to Fran.e to murder
the pair of them. They eccaped. how
ever, and In turn hired three ruffians
to do for Thynne. More successful than
Thynne'i own thugs they gave him his
quietus while he was riding In his
coach In tha Haymarket.
The bas relief on Thynne's monument
represents the murder. But Dean
Sprat would not stand for the panegyric
of the previous scamp which was orig
inally Inscribed on the monument and
had it erased. This same dean has
monument In the Abbey. His chief
claim to remembrance now Is that as
long as he lived he would not allow Mil
ton's name to be inscribed anywhere
In tha Abbey.
The deans run the Abbey. They de
cide who shall and who ahall not be
buried or commemorated there. They
have the right to burial there them
selves, and to monuments also. Some- ,
rect long before our campaign tor
ltll la ready for the final one-sided
vote of balloted men against defense
less women, to put our silent hosts
to work openly In every county.
One, and (for that election) the most
cogent reason for our silence this year.
waa our decision to give our brethren
of the "wets" and the "drys" a chance
to thrash out their own straw without
let or hindrance from us. We are
still determined to keep out of their
fight, but we shall not be side-tracked
by It any longer. Our petition lor
new deal Is again on the way, and
though not yet fairly launched. Is al
ready receiving signatures. The read
iness with which legal voters are sign
ing our petition, which Is to have no
taxpayers' strtnga on It this time, is
most encouraging. Oregon's and Wash
ington's officers and their adherents,
rank and file, agreed long ago to put
in operation, as soon as one state was
victorious, the following declaration of
principles, which Washington, having
been the first to win, she can now put
Into action, while ' Oregon must watt
a little longer before women can show
men by their votes that we are not to
be carried off our feet by any wind of
doctrine:
We are not going to ennag In tha oritn
Iftatlon of Republican, pemocrailc or other
political clubs.
We are not going to encase In spectacular
political methods, nor In spectacular de
mands, nor In spectacular legislation.
We realise that we are under the snrutlny
net only of this state, but of all other states,
and our procedure Is going to be as delib
erate as we can make It.
We have no Intention of attempting to
overthrow the laws that have be?n made by
men. We contemplate no sweeping reforms.
We may have ideas that some amendments
are needed to certain laws, but we are not
going to press these matters unduly.
Most of us have the belief that in many
matters pertaining to business affairs find
leR-lsletton, msn are superior. But we be
lieve that w can be of assistance along cer
tain lines, as. for example. In the making
and enforcement of pure food laws. In san
itation. In legislation pertaining particularly
to women and children. In civic beaullrica
tion and. to a certain extent. In the manage
ment of schools.
To the above Mrs. Emma Smith
de Voe, of Seattle, president of the
Washington Suffrage Association, and
Mrs. Jenny Jewett, of White Salmon,
vice-president, who have been to Ore
gon's headquarters for consultation
within the past few days, have asked
me to add:
"We are not being carried off our
feet by the Immensity of our victory.
We are not being bamboozled in the
least by the blandishments of certain
politicians who have suddenly discov
ered that a new force has arisen In the
State of Washington."
And Mrs. Jewett adds, on her own re
sponsibility she having regretful re
membrance of the voters' fight Into
which a lot of Inexperienced women
voters were "bamboozled" In territorial
days "Our victory Is the biggest ad
vertisement the State of Washington
ever got, will Oregon awake and take
notice? We shall see."
Both ladles are fervent In their praise
of State Sentaor George U. Piper, who
got the amendment through the Wash
ington Legislature for the women; to the
press which published all their cam
paign matter free of charge, and to
Governor Hay and all successful can
didates for valuable assistance, while
II candidates who opposed them were
defeated.
ABIGAIL SCOTT DUNI WAY. '
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EW YORK, Nov. IS. (Special.) One
of the pretty debutantes for this sea
son will be Vivien Gould. She was a
conspicuous figure at the Horse Show wek
and her presence there was regarded
with greater Interest because reporta are
In circulation that she is engaged to mar
ry Lord Dccles, one of the British Army
men taking part In the international rid
ing competition.
Mrs. Harry H. Coudrey was formerly
Mrs. Llda Roth. Mr. Coudrey first mar
ried Mary Hill a daughter of Jerome
Hill of St. Louis but divorced her and
for a time she wis in a sanitarium. The
son of Mr. Coudrey by hls first wife
committed euicide Just before reaching
his 21st birthday. The incident waa the
more pathetic because the first Mrs. Cou
drey had entrusted to a friend a letter to
her son to be given him on his 21st birth-
day begging him to make his home with
her. He died without knowing of the exis
tence of the letter or of the wishes of
his mother.
An interesting wedding will take place
at Washington December 1 when Miss
Eleanor Terry, daughter of Admiral Silas
Terry, will merry Lieutenant Camperlo
of the Italian Embassy. The ceremony
will be held at noon at St. .Thomas's
Church.
e e
Miss Eetclle Stead, daughter of W. S.
Stead the English editor, has gone on the
stage, and has been playing In Mr. Ben
son's company. Up to two years ego Mr.
Stead had never set foot In a theater
and was greatly prejudiced against the
stage. Hie. daughter had not spoken to
him about her desire to be an actress
until after he had attended the theater.
She then asked his permission to go on
the stajfe. and with much reluctance, he
d recently
Merchant J
leared aa
gave his consent. Mis Stead) recently
gave a special matinee of the
of Venice in winch she eppea
I
I
Jessie Habersham Michels, the "Gypsy j
Queen," and society leader In Baltimore,
who disappeared from her home two
years ego and was found in a Romany
Band, died recently in the Seton Hos
pital, Cincinnati. In the- nursery under
tender care. Is a tiny baby. In giving
life to whom she surrendered her own.
Her disappearance was sudden and it
was not until last Spring that her father
found: her in St. Louis married to John
Michels, the king of his band. Mrs.
Michels was the daughter of A. W.
Habersham, a broker in Baltimore. Sho
was also the grand daughter of Francis
Scott Key, author of the "Star Spangled
Banner." While dying with her baby in.
her arms, the mother revealed her iden
tity to Sister Superior Florentine.
PENNILESS EXILES HAVE
SAVED NEARLY MILLION
Wealthy Russian Aristocrat, Driven From St. Petersburg, Leads Colony of
Countrymen to Buy Land Near Santa Barbara, California.
OS ANGELES, Nov. 26. (Special.)
What promises to be the largest
1 and in many ways the most re
markable communistic venture In
America Is being established near San
ta Barbara by a band of Molokane, re
ligious exiles from Central Russia, who
have found a haven in America. Less
than a thousand in number, they have
saved the almost incredible sum of
$300,000,, which has been Invested In
land for the community.
This money has been saved from day
wages, for tha men landed in America
practically penniless, were for the most
part uneducated, and had their families
with them. None of them has been
able to earn more than the current
wage for pick and shovel men.
Friendship Is Undoing.
Most of the economic and organiza
tion work Is due to the efforts of Paul
Cherbak, a former wealthy aristocrat
of St. Petersburg, whose fortune was
confiscated by the Russian government
when he became a revolutionist sym
pathizer and was exiled some years
ago. Cherbak's friendship for Count
Tolstoi, whom he regarded aa the
greatest man Russia has ever pro
duced, was his undoing; for it was this
friendship that led to his being; sus
pected, and the ultimate discovery of
his revolutionary sentiments.
The saving of nearly a million dol
lars by less than a thousand poor men
and their families seems almost Impos
sible. But the Molokane families are
. large, and the most rigorous economy
I prevails among them. None of the Mol
otcane amnkes or rlrinka. and the wo
men have conscientious scruples
against anything but the plainest gar
ments. The patriarch usually the
grandfather In each family acts as the
banker for all his kin. and so the mys
tery of this wholesale saving becomes
a matter of simple arithmetic. Even
the women work In laundries or at any
employment they can obtain so there
are no drones or prodigals In the Molo
kane family and no financial waste Is
possible.
Cherbak Is "Little Father."
Paul Cherbak Is a sort of "Little
Father" to the local Molokane colony.
He is a man of remarkable educational
attainments in his own language, and
some time ago undertook the publication
of a Russian newspaper in Los Angeles.
Ever since his arrival here with his little
following he has concerned himself with
their education. To further his plans
he has conducted what is known as the
"Russian University."
This informal Institution consists of a
motley crew of laborers, who aspire to '
an educational training which the cir
cumstances of their hard-working youth
had denied them. Mo.st of the Molokane
had a rudimentary education; that Is,
they could read and write and "figure"
a little, and possessed a fair substitute
for history in their folk lore. Upon this
base, Cherbak has built a higher edu
cational structure, carrying their re
stricted learning into wider fields and
even equipping a library which ho main
tains for the use of his countrymen.
Land Is Paid Fur.
Cherbak has also fostered the coloni
zation venture, and as a result the Molo
kane own about 67,000 acres fully paid
for. A large colony of Molokane has
settled in Mexico and is prospering, and
they make such good citizens that Presi
dent Diaz offered flattering inducements
to Cherbak and his following, hut the
high tariff on agricultural implements
brought into Mexico decided them, and
they will remain in the United States.
The patriarchal system, slightly ex
tended, will be applied to the govern
ment of the community. One man, the
wisest by virtue of ase, experience and
training, will be elected chief and oc
cupy a position similar to those of both
Mayor and Judge. This system is alrcav
in practice in the local colony in the
heart of the city. In spite of the fact
that the families crowd into small quar
ters their sense of sex propriety Is very
keen, and there has never been a case of
bigamy or adultery in the local colony.
And there are few offenders of any
other kind against either the laws of tha
land or the rules of the colony.
Industry Is a great discourager of vice
and crime. What few petty offenses are
committed by members of the colony are
dealt with by the chief, and his Judg
ments or sentences are never questioned.
The rare felonies that occur are turned
over to tho Jurisdiction of the city gov
ernment and the officials are given
every aid In punishing the perpetrators,
even by members of their own families.