The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, November 13, 1910, SECTION FOUR, Page 12, Image 58

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    :. THE SUNDAY OREGOXIAX. -PORTLAND, XOTEMBER 13, 1910. ' -
' " '
I, :
TRADE TEAGHIHG
URGED FORCIBLY
State Superintendent Acker
man, in Office 12 Years,
Files Lorig Report.
HIGH SCHOOLS WIN FAVOR
County Convention Flan Landed lor
tood Krsnlta. Following Meet
ings of District Board Man
aal Training AdTocartd. .
SALEM. Or, Nov. II. (Special.)
Declaring In favor of a larger scope for
vocational education and explaining- to
omt extent the development that has
been noticeable In the schools of Ore
gon. State Superintendent of Public In-
truction Ackertnan has prepared his
final report, after being in that office
for 12 years. Excerpts from the report
are:
HIgh Schools Praised.
The Increase In the number of high
schools and the Increased Interest re
garding them Is most satisfactory. The
number has become so numerous that
It has been thought best to classify
as follows:
First class A high school of the
first class Is one having one or more
four-year courses and at leaxt three
teachers devoting the whole of their
time to high school work.
Second class A high school of the
second class Is one having one or more
three-year courses and at least two
teachers devoting the whole of their
time to high school work.
Third class--A high school of the
third class Is one having one or more
two-year courses and at least one
teacher devoting the wholj of her time
to high school work.
Fourth class A high school of the
fourth class Is one having one or more
one-year courses and at least one
teacher devoting the whole of her time
to high school work.
This classification will materially aid
us In determining the relative stand
ings of the various high schools.
Scboollionscs Are Model.
Nearly every county now has at least
one rural school building which serves
as a model for districts building new
schoolhouses. Klamath County has two
rural buildings similar In design wljlch
contain Improvements relative to light
ing and provisions for an office room
for the teacher. These buildings are
equipped with a modern heating and
ventilating system. Thus Is shown the
-wisdom of the law of 1907 making It
;compulsory for the board of directors
of a district of the third class to sub
mit, plans for a new building to the
County School Superintendent for his
approval. In a few years the old box
schoolhouse. poorly heated and without
ventilation, will be seen no more.
Perhaps no one movement has been
more popular and helpful than that
; holding school board conventions In
the several counties. It has been my
pleasure and good fortune to be pres
ent at most of these meetings and par
ticipate In the discussions. They are
' as a rule well attended and the pro
ceedings throughout are markea by
their practicability and earnestness.
The spirit of honest research Is ever
present, and I predict that the time -s
not far distant when they will become
so popular that such provisions will be
inado as practically to Insure the pres
ence of each school officer In the coun
ty. In some Instances they have been
combined with the Inst day of the
teachers' Institute, thereby bringing
teachers and school officers In a most
co-operative and helpful relation.
Karal School Crowded.
Statistics show that a large per cent
of the entire number enrolled in our
public schools are In the rural communi
ties. The peculiar conditions that neces
sarily surround the rural schools render
the problem of their highest efficiency
extremely difficult of solution. The im
portance of the subject becomes more
apparent when we consider that It In
volves the welfare of more than half of
our school population.
SpU-ndid work is being done In hun
dreds of schools of this type and many
conscientious and capable teachers are
at work therein. However, because of
mall schools, of Inadequate support and
for many other good and sufficient rea
sons. It Is believed that the efficiency
of the rural schools Is not nearly as
great as It should be.
No educational question Is of more
Importance to the state than that of
the proper development and support of
our rural schools. It has been the con
stant aim of this department to direct
public attention to the needs of our
country schools and to do everything In
Its power to strengthen them.
Agricultural Training Needed.
While much In the way of suggestion
may be given In the country schools
touching the subject of elementary ag
riculture. It Is unreasonable to expect
lane results where the teachers have
had no scientific training In this sub
ject. Such training not one In a hun
dred of Oregon teachers has had.
The first step towards a sane teaching
of agriculture Is to train teachers for
the work expected. The second step Is
to gather the country children together,
wherever practicable, in large consoli
dated schools with ample grounds for
experimental work. It Is within reason
to expect that a sufficient number of
teachers could be employed In each con
solidated school to direct the work In
this subject In all grades of the school.
The third step Is to have in each county
on or more trained supervisors who
hall, under the direction of the county
chool superintendent, have charge of
the work In this subject In all the
schools of the county. Perhaps the
third step should be placed first. Until
these conditions can be brought about,
the next best thing as is now being done,
via. to place In the hands of pupils and
teachers a textbook on elementary ag
riculture and have a few fundamental
facts bearing on the subject emphasised
by complete Instruction In the county
Institutes and Summer schools.
In this way a few things may be well
taught In the rural schools, but In a
wholly Incidental manner.
Care of Health Demanded.
There la no longer any room for ar
gument as to the necessity for the care
ful supervision of the health and de
velopment of school children. In many
ef the best towns and cities of the
fnlted States the people are demand
ing such supervision as one of the most
vital functions of the public school
system. No school can any longer
claim a place In modern educational
progress which neglects the health con
ditions of'the pupils. A child that has
act good health cannot be properly edu
cated. Oregon cannot longer afford
to remain Indifferent on this subject.
JXfcs heaJLH conditions ef the children
should bs looked after and the state
should not only authorise it out require
During .e blennlum. this depart
ment has made strenuous efforts to Im
prove the health conditions of schools,
especially those of rural schools. To
this end. It has by means of a ques
ttonalre. enlisted the co-operation of
the grange, school officers, patrons, and
teachers. This questionaire also formed
the basis for discussion at educational
gatherings. We feel that all that was
desired was not accomplished, ye;
much good was done. The questionaire
follows:
Two Hundred Addresses Made.
The county superintendents have
been most kind and professional In
that I have been annually Invited to
. . i.il!iil. held in
their respective counties, which Invita
tions I have usually been able to ac
rept, since the superintendents have
arranged their Institutes so as to avoid
conflicts. I have planned to attend
each county Institute annually, except
In such counties as could be reached
by stage only, and these every two
years lst year I was In 38 counties
and the preceding year In 21. I have
delivered during the past two years.
In this and other states, more than 200
addresses, on various education! top
ics, and as a rule the meetings were
well attended.
I am most happy to be able to state,
that at no time since I have been con
nected with this department have ah
the agencies been more co-operative
than -at the present time. The press,
the home, the grange, school officers,
teachers, and pupils seem to vie vith
each other as to who can do the best
In forwarding the school Interests of
the state. This Is especially noticeable
In the editorials of our great dally and
weekly newspapers, and also in the
resolutions passed at the last session
of the" State Grange, and by the com
mittee appointed by the State Grange
to meet with committees from the State
Teachers" Association and county super
intendents' convention for the discus
sion of needed school legislation and
the preparation of bills for the same.
Many parents' meetings have been
held and through them much good has
been accomplished. I have attended
them whenever practicable. - At these
meetings such topics as the school and
home, the sanitary , conditions of the
chool. improvement of school grounds,
and kindred subjects have been dis
cussed. I have been much Impressed
with the spirit of co-operation manl
rested in these meetings and can only
say. let the good work so on.
Teachers' Institutes Instruct. .
The custom of dividing the state
Into Eastern and Western divisions for
association purposes has been contin
ued during the past two years and In
all probability such practice will be
continued. During the past two years
four associations have been held, the
programmes for which have been edu
cational, literary and .Inspirational. In
the teachers" Institutes the work has
been based very largely on tle stnte
course of study and the programmes
have been so planned that they might
be both Inspirational and Instructive.
Teachers have attended Them cheer
fully and the county superintendents
i n ribVa thpm a vearlv
event to which all could look forward
with pleasure. I wouia recomnienu
that the time limit be Increased to four
days and that the teacher be allowed
her salary for five days. My reason
for making this recommendation Is that
there would be only a little more ex-
- 1 . aithap hv the sunerln-
flVlino uimmu .......
tendents or the teacher, and since she
has to dismiss Her scnooi, tne wees. ia
practically broken up. By making this
- -tii c.A n.iH for hpr time
cuannv bmc " e.-- - -
coming and going to the Institute and
will also receive tne uenem ui an u
ditlonal day of Institute.
There Is one further Improvement to
be noted. It will be observed that these
was a slight Increase- In the average
monthly salary paid teachers. The In
crease seems trifling: but. when It Is
remembered that many teachers wen)
employed two months longer than they
were during the previous years' the
Increase becomes quite respectable. If
i. .... .... tha iJvAnri that Is
being made In the matter of salaries
1 1 it..i.tnr of MhnAl term for
1 1 It HUM'" ", -
a few years, we shall solve In a mea
sure tne most serious iivuiwm " "
fronts the common schools, the prob
1 r nfwiirinie and retaining com-"
petent teachers. Short terms, low sal
aries, and uncertain tenures 01 position
have very nearly driven capable teach
ers out of the profession, and delivered
the schools over to young untrained,
and untried men and women. It is not
meant that we are yet paying satls-
INLIUI 1 a -
ed a point In the upward tendency
where we may rest. 1 nere can no
rest In this particular without lrremedl-
KU1D IIM.w " " ------
are paid salaries somewhat equivalent
to what Is given tor service in uuicr
lines of endeavor.
Vocational Education Vrged.
The American school Is under fire.
It is always under fire. Tubllc opinion
i -ritir.l of a svstem which makes
easy the advancement of a few to posi
tions of commanding innuence, anu
which provides no vocational training
roe hna who cannot afford to remain
In school beyond the elementary grades.
The demand Is for equality in oppor
tunity In education without regard to
social rank or wealth or any special
privilege, that kind or equality wnicn
enables one to become a good American
citizen, and which as I understand it.
Is established on the ability to earn a
decent livelihood and a determination
to make one's life, worth the living.
I believe the most Important educa
tional Improvement now before the
American people Is the development of
an adequate system of vocational edu
cation.
This does not mean that' any Import
ant or significant part of the present
cultural and civic education will be
Interfered with, in tact, mere is no
doubt that the development of voca
tional education of the right type will
re-act on and- tend to Improve both
the. education which makes for culture
and the education aimed to produce
civic qualities.
There are many tnousanas or ooys
and girls who leave our public schools
early to adventure In trade or business.
There Is too little place In our pub
lic schools for manual and mental In
struction or suggestions In the trades.
In view of the decline of the appren
tice system, the feeling is growing
stranger that the school should fit
for breadwlnnlng and hence should
train the pupils for Industrial life.
Manual Training Required.
In supporting the demand for manual
training, public opinion has outrun our
educational theories, practices and fa
cilities. Fathers snd mothers care rel
atively little for formal discipline, they
want tangible results. The one thing
that every parent wants, the one thing
this gives him most anxious thought.
Is how best to make his child self-supporting.
In manual training he sees
a chance to develop the skill of hand
required by the craftsman: In the tech
nical processes be discovers a likeness
to the processes with which he Is ac
quainted In the home or In the Indus
trial world. The study promises ma
terial reward and be seizes the chance
to turn It to account In the vocational
training of his child.
Vocational training In some form Is
here to stay. The. teacher needs It In
teaching not one subject, but many sub
jects: the public demands It because It
offers the most obvious means to gain
the training for vocational- needs.
The paramount question then is now
with our present equipment can the best
results be brought about. The Instruc
tion given In our public schools Is chiefly
of two kinds humanistic and scientific
THANKSGIVING
SAL
NG
ROOM SETS
Wood Bed Specials
$32.50 Birdseve, large panels. .$22-50
$40.00 Mahogany, 4 posts twin. $30.00
These are 3 feet, 6 inches-wide, and
large, beautiful panels.
$52.00 Iron, with wood 'veneer, either
quartered oak or mahogany, very beau
tiful, something new, special. . .$39.00
$80.00 quartered oak Napoleon. $60.00
Dining Chairs
We have a large broken line of Dining
Chairs in leather, box seats, of the very
best quality, that we are offering for a
Thanksgiving special at COST. Lots
range from one to five in number. -A
few whole sets, including carvers.
Library Tables Re
duced 30 to 35
$30.00 Fumed Oak, No. 9049 $20.00
$20.00 Fumed Oak, No- 3656 $13.25
$23.00 Fumed Oak, No. 3650 $16.70
$27.50 Fumed Oak, No. 2773........ $18.50
$27.50 Fumed Oak, No. 2767 $18.50
$24.00 Fumed Oak, No.2774 $16.00
$.12.50 Fumed Oak, No. 2768 $22.50
$42.50 Fumed Oak, No. 2767 $28.50
$37.50 Fumed Oak, No. 939 $25.00
$60.00 Leather Top, No. 1430 ;,.$4O.0O
$33.00 Early English, No. 938 $21.00
$32.50 Fumed Oak Desk Table $21.00
See Our Window
Display of Big Turkish
Rockers
Best Showing in City
Solid "Wh 6-foot
Oak Table
Like Cut, $12.15'
One-half.
of our
China
Closets
Reduced
25 per cent
During
Our Big
Thanksgiving Sale.
Buy a
Couch
Before
Christmas
$45 smooth black leather Couch, Golden
Oak frame $35
$52 smooth black leather and Golden
Oak Frame $40
$75 brown leather, fumed oak. . . . .$50
littte hou&emaid &ay6, et e
mankjuC jo tw,new
dininfOQm bet'
wU. home-tfovek:
it id a& natuaC jo you to,
want new dininf-oom juniUPie
job yfavnkfyWinf at, to have turkey
job dinned, you aCwayb jeeS frkoud
ojyou dminf-loom when friends
eome to cat tukey v with you. we
have borne ' SeautijuC taSC Sujjeti
and ehina eCobetb on. &jweux- &ae
flu&l at time you want them.
54-inch Top. 8
foot Extension.
Quartered Oak
Table.
This $55 Dou
ble Pedestal
V
J h Wax Oak Table
EACH CUSTOMER SHARES
THE $25,000
Our annual savings in interest and taxes
becatfsewe built on the East Side-
69-73
Grand
Ave.
Cor. Ev
Stark
Street
JJfuRNITURE COCL--lJ.
Rug. Specials
$25 Brussels ..
$40 Wiltons .-. .
$15 Kurdistans
...$17.50
...$28.50
...$10.00
These are all 9x12.
. Carpet Specials
Tapestry Brussels, the yard. . .'. . .85
Several patterns, with or without
border; , .
$1.50 ixminster, 5 patterns $1.25
$2.00 Wilton, 2 patterns ... .$1.60
$1.25 Velvets $1.00
All prices quoted include sewing, lin
ing, laying.
Couch Covers
$1.75 Oriental Stripes .$1.10
$2.00 Oriental Stripes ....... r. $1.25
$3.50 Oriental, special i . . .. . .$2.50
$6.00 Oriental, special . . . . T. .'. .$4.50
$7.50 Oriental, special $5.25
Lace Curtains
$1.85 Arabian, No. 59, reduced to $1.25
$2.00 Ivory, No. 239, reduced to $1.35
$2.25 Ivory, Nos. 110, 200, now $1.50
$3.50-Arabian, Nos. 201-59-79, at $2.50
r$4.50 Arabian, No. 100, now at $3.25
$5.00 Battenberg, No. 86, now at $3.65
$5.25 Battenberg, No. 93, now at $3.95
$8.00 Battenberg, No. 88, now at $5.50
$8.50 Battenberg, No. 83,, now at $5.75
Homes Furnished Com
plete, Reasonable Terms
Quartered
Oak
Like Cut, Special $14.95
This $27.50
Quartered
Oak
Buffet
Special
$20.00
Many Buffets reduced 25 per cent dur
ing, our Thanksgiving Sale.
A large new line of Velour Couches,
" from $7.50 to $20.
$80 Tapestry Davenport . . . ... . . . .$60
$67.50 Leather Davenport $50
We have made an attempt to introduce
certain vocational work, but It Is so
lacking In coherency as to raise serious
doubts of Its value as a fundamental
subject. The public In giving support
to manual training and the household
arts undoubtedly Intends these subjects
to promote closer relationship between
the school and vocational life. Some
teachers of these subjects unquestion
ably do use them with precisely this
Intent, but efficient instruction presup
poses something definite to teach and
a consistent way of teaching It. Sub
tract from our manual training courses
that which Is essentially applied design
and those exercises which are Intended
learning of other subjects In the curric
ulum and what Is left Is an Incoherent,
unorganised series of projects without
purpose or educational value. The re
sults obtained contrast most favorably
with what might be secured from a
series of projects harmoniously organ
Ued to attain a specific end.
Mannal Course Favored.
The problem is to organise the Infor
mation found In the Industrial field In
. - .. i, i .i,..Kt. flnf.
sucn a way s i ni"
In the education of the masses, and
aecond. In tecnnicai training ior icuii.
ri.M I. ma latlr nt Infnrma-
vocauon. 1 1 - " - -
tlon; what Is knowable In the Industrial
field Is beyona me reacn di .njutm D -
tne most rxper .vw-iwin ---
is tan tallied by bi Inability to araap
all within his reach. But when it is
systematically classified the teacher Is
In a position to select that which may
have educational value even for the
youngest child. Without classification.
It might be possible to teach much of
practical value, but the school course
from infancy to adult life would pre
sent a sorry spectacle. The selection of
material for any particular stage de
pends upon pedagogical Insight which
takes Into account both the good to be
reached and the peculiarities of the
learner.
A well-organized manual training
course must be the joint work of tech
nical and pedagogical experts.
To whom shall the state look for this
expert guidance? Unquestionably to the
agricultural college. Its relation to the
educational system of the state is such
that It must take the helm and guide the
educational craft, so far as vocational
training Is concerned, to the safe haven
of confidence, efficiency and certainty.
It can do this by suggesting courses of
study and detailed information for their
successful administration, by training
teachers' for teaching vocational sub
jects In high schools, teacnera who can
teach elementary agriculture In rural
schools, supervisors who can supervise
this work In large units, such as a
county or city, and by animating the
whole system- with enthusiasm and pre
senting highest Ideals aa to the needs
and practicable application of vocational
subJects-Thus will It largely fulfill Its
mission. This it seems to me is the re
lation that the college bears to the
public school system. .
Race to Save Babe, Futile.
LAKEVTEW, Or., Nov. 12. (Spe
cial.) A new automobile record be
tween this town and Plush, 45 miles
over extremely rough and hilly roads,
has Just been made by Walter Dent,
who completed the distance in two
hours and 15 minutes. Mr. Dent's fast
trip was due to the sudden illness of
the three-months-old baby of Mrs. Cle
land, of that place. As no doctor was
available. It was found necessary to
bring the haby here. The baby died
soon after reaching town.
Idine County's Vote Heavy.
EUGENE, Or.. Nov. 12. (Special.)
Lane County cast 6000 votes Tuesday, the
largest ever polled. In Eugene the "total
vota wa 2003, corn-pared to a little more
than 1700 four years ago. A noticeable
feature of the election was the unusual
number of votes sworn in on blank A.
Probably 900 or 1000 ballots were cast by
men swearing In their votes.
Some Democrat Win. :
CONDON, Or., Nov.- 11. (Special. )
On the county ticket A. , Ti.iessen.
(Rep.), beat T. G. Johnson (Dem.), for
County Judge. Elmer Montague (Rep.)
beat T. B. Conture (Dem.). for Sheriff.
J A. McMorrls (Dem.), beat Edward
Curran (Rep.), ' for Treasurer, Earl
Weatherford (Dem.). beat C. C. Clarks
(Rep.), for County Commissioner.
Women's Secrets
There is one man in the United States who has perhaps heard
more women's secrets than any other man or woman in the
country. These secrets are not secrets of guilt or shame, but
the secrets of suffering and they have been confided to Dr.
R y pierCe in the hope and expectation of advice and help.
That few of these women have been disappointed in their ex
pectations is proved by the fact that ninety-eight per cent, of
all women treated by Dr. Pierce have been absolutely and
altogether cured. Such a record would be remarkable if the
cases treated were numbered by hundreds only. But when
that record applies to the treatment of more than half-a- mil
lion women, in a practice oi over years, . . .
- d entitles Dr. Pierce to the gratitude accorded bim by women, as the first ot
neeialists in the treatment of women's diseases. ... . . .
fverr sick woman may consult Dr. Pierce by letter, absolutely without
chariie All replies are mailed, sealed in perfectly plain envelopes, without
lay Printing or advertising whatever, upon them. Write without lear as with
out fee, to World's Dispensary Medical Association, Dr. K. V. fierce, rrest., ,
Buffalo, N. X.
DR. PIERCE'S FAVORITE PRESCRIPTION
43
Strong,
SlolL 'VV C
Trolls