The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, October 30, 1910, Image 1

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VI) A.A.I.V. I
Union Pacific Frauds in
Coal Condoned.
(Two Sets of "Dummies" Used
In Acquiring Titles.
JEUIIroad Permitted to Kxclude Com-
petitors, nd Continue Mining
t Nominal Price, With All
1 Evidence In Hand.
Ington. Oct. S Ex-Secretary of the
Interior Garfield will be called upon to
defend hlmelf against the charge of
barm a a member of the Roosevelt
cabinet shielded the Union Pacific
Kallway Company when It undertook
to defraud the United Statea of aoroe
cf the richest coal land In Wyoming.
Not only will It be charged that
Garfield stood between thla Harrlman
corporation and the law. but that he
did o with the full knowledge. If not
by the explicit direction, of rreeldent
The charges will go deeper and 1
) that before Garfield waa made, a
member of the Roosevelt cabinet, he
was advised that the Vnlon raelflc
frauds had been uncovered by special
events of the Government, and that he
thereupon. In advance of becomlnr
Secretary of the Interior, entered Into
conference with Vice-President Cornish
Of the Union Pacific system and agreed
to protect that corporation against
prosecution In the Federal courts,
either by criminal or civil suit.
Immunity Pled Charged.
The eharja will relate that Garfleld.
after becoming the head of the Interior
Department and getting possession of all
the evidence, had further conferencea and
correspondence with Union Pacific offi
cials, promised them Immunity from pros
ecution, and then went before Congress
tins In the passase of a law which would
fcave validated the fraudulent title which
they held to a coal district In Wyoming,
more than double the area of the notori
ous Cunningham claims In Alaska. Fail
les to secure passage of thla legislation.
Garfield required the Union Psclflc to
deed back to the Government coal land
It had acquired by fraud, the only pen
alty Imposed being the nominal payment
of t cents a ton for all coal mined during
the five or six years the corporation held
thla land In violation of law.
While this well-establish J fraud was
well known to Garfield and hla subordi
nates, the Union Pacific waa not molested
In the development of its mines, but In
dividuals who undertook fraudulently to
acquire a quarter section of public tim
ber land were Indicted, convicted and sent
to jail.
It Is probable that these charges will be
Investigated by the Plnchot-Balllnger
committee, which has full authority.
"Grab" I Flagrant.
The records of the Interior Depart
ment fall to disclose a more flagrant
Attempt to grab valuable public lands
In violation of law than the partially
successful effort of the Union Pacific
nd subsidiary Harrlman corporations
to get and hold title to rich coal de
posits In the Cumberland district of
This notorious graft waa unearthed
In ISO, but In spite of the discoveries
made by agenta of the General Land
Office, and In the face of absolute evi
dence In the hands of the Secretary of
the Interior, these big corporations
were permitted to hold this land and
' silrx the coal until March. 10.
While the Interior Department waa
Vigorously prosecuting Individual land
Concluded on t ax i
mmm&mm wmmmmmmimj:, - mm mm mmmmmm mmf-f mm t? -
vll- tm t, v-o v r na scr . r tfs. r.'-.i i l t'rri 1 1 ivrniiwi u i . 1 r -E.uui.iiiiiu i - eg w i
10.000 ACRES AND I
$1,000,000 GIVEN
Ground Set Aside for Palisades
rark. leelopmen Filly
Witness Presentation.
vrn'U'Rr.H. S. Y- Oct. IS. In ac
cordance with the plan outlined by her
husband, the late E. II. Iiarnmsn.
y.tmrr w iiirrlmiii presented to the
state of New York today 10.000 acres
of land.- a part of the Arden estate,
to be Incorporated In the Interstate
Palisades Park.
At .h. Ume time a gift of 11.000.000
was made by Mrs. Harrlman for the de
velopment of the park ana me prtrT.
. . r,-thr inrressed by the transfer
to the park commission of 700 acres
which had been intenaea tor mo now
stste prison on Bear Mountain, but
which by act of the last Legislature
waa reded to the park.
The gift was made to George W.
Perkins, president of the Palisades
prk rnmmlulan. hv Xverlll W. Harrl
man. son of the late financier. As he
handed the deeds and $1,000,000 cneca
Harrlman said
It was his mother's hope and his that
"Through all the years to come. m
health and happiness of future genera
tions will be advanced by these gifts."
tk ...Mtititlnn ermonles took
place on top of Bear Mountain and In
the presence of about 50 persons among
whom were Mrs. Harrlman. Mrs. J.
Plerpont Morgan. Charles A. Peabody.
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Phlpps and Ex
Governor H- B. Odell. Jr.
Wk'kersham to Stump State Re
publican Hope Rising.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 19. Attorney
General Wlckersham hat been added to
the list of cabinet speakers who will
Invade Ohio next week In the hope of
bringing victory to the Republican
ticket. Secretary Knox and Secretary
MacYeagh are the other cabinet mem
bers booked for the Ohio campaign.
It waa said today that late reports
from Ohio were more favorable to the
Accident to Auto Causes Car to
Skid Into Ditch.
BASTO.V. Pa.. Oct. . Miss Ella
Fields, of Bayonne, N. J., waa killed
and Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Fields, her par
ents, were injured today In an automo
bile accident near New Village. N. J.
Miss Fields and her parenta were
participating In the annual run of the
Hudson County Automobile Club. A
tire on a rear wheel burst, causing the
car to skid Into a ditch.
Lane Farmer Wounds Man by Mis
take. So Shoots Himself.
EUGENE. Or, Oct. 29. Special.)
Frank Edmlston. aged 57. a farmer,
living near this city, shot himself
through the head this evening, dying
Grief over the fact that several
years ago he shot and disfigured a Eu
gene business man. mistaking htm for
a bear. Is believed to have caused the
man's act. Edmlston was unmarried.
With Son and Daughter, Pennsyl
vanlan Dies in Fire.
BLAIRSY1LLE. r.. Oct. S9. Rush
ing through the flames or his burning
home to save his son and daughter
early today. John Mountain waa over
come by smoke and with two of his
children perished.
Mrs. Mountain and another son, aged
IS. were, saved.
Woman Slayer of Russian Officer at
Harbin Smuggled From Jail.
VICTORIA. Oct. 19. Mile. Kuknetso
who assassinated the commander of
the Russian garrison at Harbin. Man
churia, made a sensational escape from
Prison at Harbin on October 11.
. - . . - . . 4-lt
jhe was imugiira vu u. ...
1 concealed In a harsrl. by confederates.
, . I
Grahame-White Makes
Record Pace.
Going 80 Miles an Hour, Ma
chine Severs Pole.
Hamilton Fails to Start, but Is En
thusiastic in Praise of French
Machine Americans Deter
mined to Regain Laurels.
NEW TfiRK. Oct. 29. Claude Grahame
Whlte. flying for the Royal Aero Club,
of the United Kingdom, lifted the Gordon
Bennett International speed trophy from
the custody of America today In the
fastest time ever covered in the full dis
tance of 100 kilometers (62.14 miles)
around a flve-kllometer course.
His average speed was a fraction bet
ter than 1 miles an hour, and bis. fast
est lap was 3 minutes 65.77 ' seconds, but
the captain of the French team. Alfred
LeBlanc, flying In a similar machine, a
100-horsepower Blerlot monoplane, was
making each lap on an average of 20
aeconds faster than Grahame-Whlte. nd
would have won the cup tf he had not
met with a disastrous accident In his
last lap when he had the race seemingly
well In hand.
' Speed 80 Miles, Then Accident.
LeBlanc's first lap was a new world's
record In Itself for five kilometers J min
utes 45.63 seconds but he subsequently
exceeded it with a lap done in t minutes
44.3 seconds. . .
LeBIanc was running with the wind
under full power 'at an estimated speed
of miles an hour, when the feed pipe
from his gasoline tank to his motor
loosened and he suddenly found himself
with nothing but momentum to carry
It Is a peculiarity of racing aeroplanes
that they are trimmed down so fine they
cannot execute a proper volplane or
glide, if the engine shuts oft; they must
come to earth under power, and even
then they bump severely In landing. Le
Blanc waa helpless and panlc-strlcken.
He tried to lift his planes so that the
last few drops of gasoline might niter
down Into the engine and lend him
strength enough to make a landing.
Telegraph Pole Slashed.
His steerogeway waa gone, and whn
a puff of wind caught him he drift jd
sideways, still driving at tremendous
speed, and crashed head foremost Into
a telegraph pole. The pole was 14
Inches thick, but he broke It In tlnee
pieces. The first fragment was all.d
clean off 12 feet up and snapped aga'n
at the bottom of the stump. The thlift
and topmost fragment fell over back
ward and amashed down on the fraglU
The chassis and steel shield which
encloses the motor were completely
crumpled, but the solid steel of the
motor itself withstood the shock. Had
La Blanc hit the pole In another man
ner. It la difficult to see how he could
have escaped death.
Mlshnpv Costs Race.
Grahame-Whlte. the winner, admit
ted that Le Blanc woukl have won the
race and would have established a
world's record even better than ' his
own except for his mishap.
Charles K. Hamilton, of the Ameri
can team, waa enthusiastic
"Le Blano is the best track driver
in the world," he said. "The way he
took those turns was a marveL Grahame-Whlte
would never have been In
It except for Le Blanc's accident, and
no American machine had a ' chance
with him. I am going to throw my
machine Into the scrap heap and buy
a Blerlot before I leave this track. The
biplane la out of date and we might
as well admit It."
Hamilton will challenge for the cu;
(Concluded on Ps 5.)
Xotfclns; hmt Presidential Timber.
I (Concluded on P 5 01 nnmns . r-
The Weather.
TESTER DAY'S Maximum temperature. 55
degree; minimum. 41 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; westerly winds.
Cenraa of Minneapolis shows 801. 40s; St.
Psul. S14.744. Minneapolis shows pad
ding, ttectlon 1. pace 5.
Gross Union Pacific coal frauds condoned by
James R. Garneld. Section 1. psgs 1.
. . Politics.
Illinois Voters' League warns people of Im
pending erlsls. Section 1. pace 3.
Cattlemen hard hit by defeat of shippers
bill, which West accomplished. Section 1,
page 10.
State "official paper" Is scheme to save
Bourne campaign expenses. Section 1.
page 10.
R. E. McKay. Democratlo committeeman.
decUrrs Chamberlain menace to party.
Section 1, page 14.
West's "explanation" of claim for mileage
and fees does not explain. Section 1.
page 11.
Five men suspected of Los Angeles dyna
miting arrested on arrival at Acapulco,
Mexico. Section 1. page 4.
Gotham suffragists greet Mm. Bernhardt
with flowers aad kles. Section 1. page 1.
Nine thousand New York police await riot
call In express strike. Section 1. page 1.
Mrs. Harrlman gives 10.000 acres and Sl. to the state of New York. Sec
tion 1. page 1. 7
Timer newspaper Vlant dynamiters believed
caught In Mexico. Section 1, page 4-
Grahame-Whlte wins aero speed tmphYS
, LaBlanc and Brooklns Injured. Section
1. page 1. ..
Hunters find game - plentiful. Section 4.
page 8.
raelflc University gymnasium finished. Sec
tion 4. page 8.
Uses for sutos becoming more numerous,
says visiting manufacturer. Section 4.
page 6.
Aberdeen and Wenatchee high schools fac
tors In Northwest lnterscholastlo football.
Section 4. page 10.
Jeff Perry, of Sacramento, leading batter
of Coast League. Section 4. page 10.
Vancouver Barracks Hunt and -Polo Club
formed. Section 4. page 10.
Nordyke leads Northwestern League batters.
Section 4. page 11.
Harvard defeats West Point and Yale beats
Colgate at football. Section 2. page 2.
Oregon Agricultural College wins from
Washington State College by 9-to-3 score.
Section 2, page 2.
Pacific Coast League results: Los Angeles 2.
Portland 1: Oakland 2. Vernon 1; San
Francisco 0, Sacramento 1. Section 2,
page 3.
Oregon university defeats Idaho by score of
20 to 0. Section 2. page 2.
Harry B. Smith says Portland has cinch on
pennant. Section 2. page 3.
Hearst In letter to New York World at
tacks Roosevelt; Dix also grilled. Sec
tion 1. page 2.
Republican campaign In Multnomah opened
with immense rally by Bowerman. Dlmlck.
Malarkey. Lowell. Section V pas-3 1- '
Chase Osborne aspires to toga. Is Michigan
rumor. Section 2. page 8. '
Michigan campaign beset with fear of Re
publican defeat. Section 2. page 9. .
Ex-Senator Foraker prevailed upon by coun
ty committee, agreea to return to stump.
Section 1. page 4.
John A. Lebner named assistant secretary
of Portland Automobile club. Section 4.
pegs 0.
Pacific Northwest.
Colonel Chaiincey W. Griggs, pioneer lumber-
In Taconuk section j. paxe .
Portland girl struck by aged Mrs. Isador St.
Martin is awarded S1SIM damages. Sec
tion 1. page 6.
Two saloons burned at Welser by Inrendl
. arles; prohibitionists suspected. Section
1, pane 8.
Judge holds that perjury evidence In Idaho
land-fraud case Is weak. Section 1.
page .
Salem woman withdraws charges, hazing
Incident closed. Section 1. pace 7. -Seattle
restricted district closed; vice now
scattered over citft Section 3, page 12.
Commercial and Marine.
All American hop markets steadily sdvane-
- Ing. Section 2. page 20.
Wheat breaks sharply at Chicago. .Section
2. page 20.
Stock speculation restrained by approach of
election. Section 2, page 20.
Eastern demand for Northwestern apples.
Section X psge 20.
Steamer Beaver leaves port with 673 passen
gers, a new record established by vessel.
Section 2. pace -1.
Real Estate and Building.
Bis deals pending: election will decide.
Section 2. page 5.
Progress on East Side marked. Section 2.
page 6.
Fulton Park Club favors concrete paving.
Section 2. page 6.
Building permits for week total (378.100.
Section 2, page 7.
Inquiries come fast from East for farm
lands. Section 2. page 6.
Healy Heights being platted. Section 2.
.page 7.
Portland and Vicinity.
Head of Benedictine order' here to visit
Mount Angel College. Section 4. page 12.
Mass meeting to demand removal of Port
of Portland to be held Saturday. Sec
tion 1. cage 14.
Plan proposed to park Sandy road. Section
1. page 8-
Portland men Invent meana of wireless com
munication from a moving automobile.
Section 1, page S-
D. M. Wilson, timber cruiser, arrested for
Improper use of malls. Section 1. pago 11.
Aged widow, cripple, salts city to prevent
realty man from taking her. boitu Sec
tion 1. page 8.
Stark Stree. Improvement Association Is
formed. Section 2. page 21.
Fender firm official contradicts B. 8. Josse
lyn's statement that device la Impracti
cable. Section 1. page 8.
Mrs. Armor addresses 3000 persons on pro
hibition Issue. Section 1. page 4.
Ill Jap Fishermen Drowned.
VICTORIA. B. C. Oct. 29. One hun
dred and eleven Japanese fishermen were
drowned off Western Japan on October
11, when a storm destroyed a large fleet
of fishing boats.
Never Again I
Campaign Opened With
Vigor in Multnomah.
Bourne, Who Bolts Direct Pri
mary, Gets No Mercy.'
Candidate' for Governor Proves Fi
delity to People's Iiaws and Ma
larkey and He Discuss Control
of Public Utilities.
Republican principles were pro
claimed. Republican lss.ues defined and
Republican victory in Oregon Novem
ber 8 predicted as a certainty at a
splendid rally of Republicans held last
night in the Masonic Temple hall.
The occasion marked the formal
opening of the state campaign in
Multnomah County, a campaign that Is
to be vigorously pressed In the Inter
est of an unprecedented Republican
majority. Success of the whole ticket
is no longer questioned. The matter
now la looked on as purely . one of
rolling up the majority.
Jay Bowerman, Republican direct
primary nominee for Governor of Ore
gon. Dan J. Malarkey, direct primary
nominee for Joint State Senator and
champion of Statement No. 1, Judge
Grant B. Dlmlck. chief opponent of
Mr. Bowerman In the primary cam
paign, and Judge Stephen A. Lowell,
of Pendleton, were the speakers.
Each of these speakers pointed out
the dangers that have beset the party
in the present campaign through the
efforts of enemies of the party to
bring about a rumpus In the family.
Each pointed out the determined stand
for harmony thathaa-beentaXen by
the leaders on every Hand and. ."Urged
that all true Republicans and friends
of the -direct primary defend the prin
ciples of progressive Republicanism
and the laws of the people with their
votes November 8. Continued applause
and cheering from a big audience
made up of all classes bespoke the
enthusiastic awakening In Multnomah
County of progressive Republicanism.
Bowerman' Speech Effective.
Mr. Bowerman, when he appeared on
the platform as the principal speaker,
was received with an enthusiasm such
as he has been receiving all over the
state in his campaign. . Handclapplng
and cheers continued for several min
utes and signalled the esteem in which
the party's standard bearer Is held In
the biggest county of Oregon.
He made an address which strength
ened his candidacy, for it was an ear
nest, straightforward and impressive
recital of substantial alms and princi
ples; the kind of speech that stamped
him as a man fitted to serve as chief
executive of Oregon. At the conclus
ion he was presented with a big floral
piece, on which was inscribed, "A
token from the people of Multnomah
County to the next Governor of Ore
gon." There was no mincing of words In
the presentation of the Issues that are
paramount in this campaign. Bourne
Ism was described as the great men
ace to the people of Oregon, both In
their political life and industrial act
ivities, which Is now on trial. And it
was shown that Bournelsm has placed
llie direct primary law In the balance,
that the selection of the Bourne-Chamberlain
machine proxy. Oswald West,
means a confession of the Insufficiency
of the primary law.
Why Malarkey Is for Bowerman.
Mr. Malarkey, during the course of
his address, summed up the situation
tersely when he advanced three potent
reasons why Mr. Bowerman should be
chosen over Oswald West.
"I urge not only Republicans but all
good citizens to vote for Jay Bower
man." said Mr. Malarkey. I am for
. . a
- -
Looks Like Conspiracy.
As Site Steps From Liner, Dean or
French, Stage Is Fondled With
Hugs and Kisses.
NEW YORK, Oct. 29. (Special.)
Fifty Jeanne d'Arc suffragists sprin
kled great yellow chrysanthemums
along the path of Mme. Sarah Bern
hardt as she walked down the gang
plank from the French liner La Pro
vence today.
The minute she stepped upon the pier
there was a great rush and the French
actress was soon being hugged, kissed
and welcomed to America as "one of
our cwn dear sisters."
Captain Poncefete of the steamer had
ordered his crew to line up and twenty
husky Breton sailors gave Madame
Sarah Bernhardt a brisk cheer as she
stepped ashore to fall Into the vigorous
hands of the welcoming committee of
American suffragists. Before she left
the ship Bernhardt shook hands with
each sailor and thanked him for help
ing to bring the boat safely to port.
Bernhardt, much to her surprise,
came actively In touch with the suf
frage movement as soon as she reached
America. There are no suffragists in
France, she says, and she has never
been, active in the movement, but in an
unguarded moment six months ago she
agreed by cable to become an honorary
member of the Jeanne d'Arc League,
an American organization with head
quarters in this city. That was the
reason the league 'came to the pier
this morning to welcome their "be
loved sister from France."
A special train was waiting at the
Grand Central station to carry the
Bernhardt troupe to Chicago, where it
opens on Monday. She will be here for
an indefinite period, probably about
seven months. After the Chicago en
gagement the troupe goes to the North
west and Canada.
Vancouver Annoyed hy Noise of
"Holy Rollers."
VANCOUVER, B. C, Oct. 29 (Spe
cial.) The J'Holy Rollers," after being
kicked out of Seattle and other Coast
cities, where they made themselves ob
noxious by their queer religious prac
tices, are at present the cause of much
worry locally.
Members of the sect have established
I themselves tn " residence." portion of the
"city and the residents nearby nave com
plained to the police that they lose their
Sunday morning sleep through the wail
lngs of the worshippers who keep up a
sort . of Wild West ehow from early
morning Sunday to early Monday morn
ing. '
As the police are powerless to inter
fere, the complainants are promising to
seek an injunction In the civil courts
against the religious sect.
- i
Grace Rolph, Aged 17," Visiting at
Ranch, Spirited Away by Peon.
LINCOLN, Neb., Oct. 29. Grace
Rolph, IT years old,' daughter of Dr.
and Mrs. Rolph, a well-known Pender,
Neb., family, who have beenspendlng
the Summer on a ranch near Checoy,
Hex., owned by G. S. Harris, of Lin
coln, was kidnapped Thursday by a
Mexican peon named Segunda, accord
ing to advices received today by Mr.
A sdki of Mr. Harris, who Is manager
of the ranch, has offered a reward of
$1000 for the capture of Segunda. The
United States Ambassador at Mexico
City has been advised and an effort
will be made to interest the State De
part officials at Washington.
Fifty Million Bond Issue Will Be
Floated at 95.
PEKIN, Oct- 29. An official edict
was Issued today authorizing the pro
posed loan of $50,000,000 from the
American group of financiers. The
bond issue to cover the loan will be
taken by the syndicate at 95. The
bonds will mature at a period of from
40 to 45 years from issuance. They will
bear 5 per cent Interest.
Of the loans. $5,000,000, and possibly
$10,000,000, will be devoted to indus
trial improvements in Manchuria.
New York Is in Grip of
Express Strike.
Shots Are Exchanged and
More Than 50 Men Injured.
Five Thousand Men Are Out, but
Determined Effort Will Be Made
Today to Deliver Goods. j
Open Shop Demanded. j
NEW YORK, Oct. 29. The Metro
politan district is still in the grip of
the express strike. Nine companies
are now affected: more than 5000 men
are out and rioting continues.. A spe
cial order was Issued at police head
quarters tonight. . holding practically
the entire New York police force of
more than 9000 men In reserve for an
In Jersey City the police are still
trying to cope with the situation, un
aided except by private detectives, but
tonight Governor Fort. Instructed the
Third Regiment N. G. N. J., to pre
pare for active dutj at a moment's
notice. j
Wagons to Go Out Today.
Tomorrow determined efforts will ba'
made by the companies to distribute
the vast, amount of express matter that
has- accumulated and upon the result
of the day will depend whether the
militia Is called 'out. '
The nine companies, whose drivers
and helpers are demanding increased
pay and shorter hours are: The Amer
ican, United States, Wells-Fargo, Ad
ams, Naxioaai,.- Westdott and Long
Island "Express Companies; the Boston
Dispatch Express and the Manhattan
Delivery Company.
Fifty Men Are Injured.
There were no fatalities during the
day's rioting, but more than 50 strike
breakers,, strikers and policemen were
hurt, several seriously, In street
clashes In New York and Jersey City.
Wagons manned by strikebreakers
were stormed, notwithstanding that a
detective with a rifle sat beside each
Shots were repeatedly fired over the
heads of the besieging strikers, but
no sooner was ono crowd dispersed
than another collected. Packages were
scattered over the streets and in some
cases destroyed.
Goods Undelivered Spoiling.
An appalling lot of perishable goods
is collecting and unless companies are
soon better able to meet the situation
tbey will lose thousands of dollars.
In front of J. Plerpont Morgan's home
in Madison avenue the strikers made a
demonstration late today and the police
were forced to charge the mob' and lire
volleys In the air with their revolvers.
The fight centered on two American .
Express Company "wagons, manned by
strikebreakers. There were many broken
Attack Made on Coin Box.
Another serious clash started at Forty
fourth straet and Fifth avenue, waged
down the avenue to Forty-second streets
swept across Broadway, thence south to
the Hotel Albany, where the strikers and
sympathizers made a final stand.
An American Express Company wagon,
said to have collected $50,000 in specie,
was the object of attack. Police finally
drove off the besiegers.
Fight Is for Open Shop.
Primarily, the organization of "helpers"
Btruck for a wage increase of $5 a month.
But a second demand, unprecedented in
labor annals. Is that there shall be no
discrimination against non-union men.
"As you put it." said Vice-President
Valentine Hoffmann of the International
(Continued on Page 2.)
Hardly Gubernatorial Size.