The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, June 12, 1910, SECTION FIVE, Page 6, Image 56

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Chief. Butler of England and Duchess Lavish Wealth on Catholic Cathedral Bell Cast in Foundry Four Centuries
Old, Whence Came Peals for Boston and Other Cities.
LONDON, June 11. Special.) Of aU
British aristocrats, the Duke and
. Duchess of Norfolk ore most in the
flimellght Just now. For the Duke Is the
lret peer of the land. Earl Marshal and
(hereditary Chief Butler of Englahd with
All the royal ceremonials In control and
head of the lay Catholics of the country.
It Is ,ln the religious world that the
Duchess 1b figuring chiefly, for she has
given to the new Catholic oathdral at
Westminster a great new bell, called the
Bt. Edward bell the massive production
of a famous hell-foundry that has sup
plied many peals for America. Australia
and other parts of- the world.
Thia bell is a thank offering for the
birth of a son and heir, now the 2-year-old
Earl of Arundel, to the Duke and
Duchess. For years the Duke was grief-
trie ken by the thought of having no sur
viving heir from his rirst marriage. There
was an heir, but he died some years after
Ms mother. So in 1104 the Duke, hough
by that time 57 years old, married e. young
bride, Gwendolen Constable-Maxwell,
daughter of the 12th Baron Henries. And
so delighted is he with the heir who pres
ently arrived that he has devoted much
of his great wealth to making the. West
minster Cathedral one of the finest edi
fices In the world. He has been a force in
religion and Conservatism for many
years, but In private life his habits are
more democratic than most of his neigh
bors. The Duchess devotes almost all
her time to religious Interests, shunning
the frivolities of smart society.
The cathedral will be consecrated with
great ceremony on June 2S. and the bless
ing of the bell scarcely less ornate and
Impreftsrtre will take place a few days
earlier. These events are so important
that Catholics have marked the dates in
their June calendars as red-letter days.
The diameter of this great bell is 67
inches, the height a little over four feet
and the weight Just under 1000 pounds.
Every traveler to London, who has made
a point of visiting the historic corners of
the ancient city, has paused in Cheapside
to hear the famous "Bow Bells" chime
from tht tower of the Church of St.
Mary-le-Bow. This new bell, prepared
for the Ducliess of Norfolk, is similar to
the tenor of the Bow Bells peal, also cast
in the same foundry 172 years ago.
That foundry dates back to 1570, when
one Robert Mot started it, and it has fur
nished the belfries of more churches and
cathedrals with musical peals than any
foundry in the world.
Those who ass down Whitechapel High
atreet, in the midst of London's East End,
rarely realise how close they are to a
buBlnesB with a romantic history of near
ly four centuries a history supplemented
by the absorption 60 years ago of another
famous foundry in Gloucester.
In this "Whitechapel building a week or
two ago gathered a notable assemblage
of Knglish Catholics, headed by Arch
bishop Bourne, of Westminster, and the
Duke and Duchess of Norfolk. Over
night the furnace had been heated, so
when the plug was removed the metal
poured In a molten stream along the short
duot leading to the top of the mould,
which was buried from sight in the pit
fronting the furnace. Dipping an iron
ladle into the metal, the Duchess of Nor
folk cast a small medallion of the bell,
to keep as a. souvenir.
In 2d minutes the casting was over, but
the bell was loft in its underground
mould for a full week. After that the
iiveloping "cope" was removed, the in
side "core" was ejected and the delicate
oi-e-ation of tuning the bell began. This
was dene with a vertical boring machine,
ri voHing inside it erd paring off a thin
lining of metal till the required note "B"
was secured in the tone. Finally, by
means of wire brushes, the bell was
cleaned and polished.
An Inscription in Gothic characters ap
pears on the side of the bell:
Pray for
Gwendoline, ruchess of Norfolk.
. who has given this bell to the glory
of God and In honor of 6t- Edward-
t he-Confessor
In the Tear 1910.
Whilst th sound of thia bell travel through
the clouds
may the -bunds of ang-Ls pray for those y
assembled In thy church.
Bt. Edward, pray for England.
In order to hoist "St. Edward" into the
belfry, it has been found necessary to
enlarge the trapways on the floors of
the tower and to remove vthe jambs of
the doorway at Its foot. The bell will
- I
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tir;?t rui1!!!- . nsx-v
ill 3 ? III 'ir ' ' , w . v 3
remain at the base of th tower until it
has been solemnly blessed.
The bishop will anoint the outside of
the bell with the "oleum mflrmonin," or
oil of the sick, and the inside with chrism,
d urine the recitation of a special prayer.
At the conclusion of the introductory
chants by the choir, the bishop will oast,
thyme, incense and myrrh Into the thuri
ble, placed underneath the bell, so that
the fumes may ascend Into It. the choir
meanwhile chanting: "Deus in Sancto Via
In olden and more superstitutlons days
the sound of the church bell was piously
believed to have the power of allaying
the "spirit of the storm" and dispelling
the demons of the upper air, and the
long, imposing service of blessing the bell
is rich In symbolism.
For Impresslveness. however, nothing j
can approach the elaborate and gorgeous
ritual to be observed at the consecration
of the cathedral a few days later a ritual
which. . it is interesting to recall. Is almost
Identical with that followed at the con
secration of Westminster Abbey on Holy
Innocents' day, 1065.
Overnight the consecrating prelate sol
emnly sets apart. In an adjacent tent, tht
relics to be used in the ceremony. "These
Are placed on the altar with lighted can
dles, while the choir chants matins and
lauds in honor of the saints whose relics
they are. Twelve crosses are marked on
the walls of the cathedral and the candles
before them are lighted at the comxnence
mnt of the ceremony.
The bishop knocks three times with his
pastoral staff at the main entrance, re
peating in Latin the words, "Lift up your
heads, oh ye gates, and be ye lifted up, ye
everlasting doors, and the King of Glory
shall come in." After the deacon at the
porch has asked "Who is the King of
Glory?" and received the answer: "The
Lord strong and mighty, the Lord mighty
in battle," the dopr is opened and the
bishop, with his assistants, enters the
cathedral, leaving the rest of the pro
cession outside.
Then follow the consecration of the high
altar and side altars, the sprinkling and
bltfxring of the walls and the anointing
with oil of the doors and the recesses In
the altar stones for the reception of the
rellcg. The sanctuary vessels and orna
ments are finally consecrated to the ac
companiment of appropriate chants.
One of the most interesting points in
the elaborate ceremony is that at which
the consecrator, on entering the building,
describes on the ash-strewn nave a cross
composed of the letters of the Latin and
Greek alphabets, arranged saltire-wise
this symbolizing the union of the Latin
and Greek churches.
But is is the St. Edward bell and the
foundry whence it comes that immediate
interest lies.
In the tower of Christ Church, Boston,
hangs the musical peal of eight bells cast
bv the British firm in Gloucester about
1758. That is the tower made famous in
the story of Paul Revere's (rlde. An
eventful history attaches to the fine peal
In the tower of St. Michael's. Charleston,
sent out originally from Whitechapel in
1764. Twice have these bells suffered
from the calamities of war, first during
the War of Independence, when the peal
was seized at the capture of Charleston
and sent to England, from whence an
American merchant returned them to
Charleston; secondly during the War of
Secession, when, after being removed to
Columbia, S. C, for safety, the bells were
involved in the burning of the city. All
the metal recoverable was subsequently
returned to the Whitechapel foundry and
formed part of the existing peal.
Philadelphia has no less than six
churches supplied with peals from White
chapel. The rector of Christ Church,
Philadelphia, says that his peal, erected
In 1764, Is the oldest but one in the coun
try and ' has become historical through
being associated with many notable
events. New Xork, however, has a peal
almost as old. the bells of Holy Trinity
having been sent out as far back as 1797.
In every country of the world are to
be heard sweet-toned peals and sonorous
hour bells from this Whitechapel foundry.
The cathedrals supplied include Calcutta,
Madras and Bombay in India, Capetown
and Durban in Africa. Sydney and Mel-
I burne in Australia, as well an those of
Aiaiaga, ueorgetown. Trindidad. .Quebec,
Montreal and St. Johns (Newfou'ndlandJ
Roman Catholic Cathedral.
"Big Ben," which has boomed out the
hours from the clock tower at Westmin
ster through many an eventful Parlia
mentary session since 1858, is the largest
bell that has been cast in the foundry,
weighing 13V4 tons. After that come the
"Bourdon" bell, of Montreal Cathedral,
11V4 tons; "Great Peter." of York Min
ster, 1014 tons, and "Great Tom," of
Lincoln, 6',4 tons. But even "Great Tom"'
is half a ton heavier than the hour bell
pt Bt. Paul's Cathedral. All these giants
were cast in Whitechapel, from which
foundry also the three-ton bell in Provi
dence, R. I., was sent out seven years
A Sensational
Xow that your mind has returned to a normal condition after the
week of festivities, we wish to call jour attention to a couple of the
many surprises we have in store for you if you will favor us with a
visit. Our lines of Furniture, Carpets, Rugs, Ranges, etc., are the
largest and most complete in the city, and we will repeat with all the
emphasis possible that other dealers cannot meet our figures.
A Sensational Special
Solid quarter-sawed oak, specially selected
quality, 6-ft. Bound Extension Tables, -with
large, handsome claw feet and polished ftnTi
Thia table is of massive construction and would
not be out of place in the best furnished man.
eion in the city. "We have only a limited num
ber to place on sale, so take advantage of thia
offer early in the week. Regular price $25.00.
Special $16.50
Stewart Gas Ranges
The advantages of cooking by gas are too obvious to need men-,
tion here. The great secret of gas economy lies in proper regu
lation. By cutting out waste, and utilizing the gas to the
best advantage, it is the cheapest, as well as the cleanest and
most satisfactory of fuels. To obtain the best of results, the
chief requirement is a gas range suited to your needs. Keep
in mind the fact that in a gas range quality is indicated largely
by the maker's standing. "We carry the largest line of the
famous Stewart Gas Ranges ever shown in thjis city, ranging
From $12.50 to $150
One Year Ahead of Competitors
The Home 3f Good Furniture
tend the language and lnfluenoe of
France outside its frontiers. His per
tinacity has already to some extent
met with its reward, inasmuch as next
year J200.000 derived from the reform
of Consular dues will be devoted to
the Increase of the salaries of French
So far as concerns Morocco, M. Dei
chanel considers that the supremacy
of France may be maintained without
a policy of conquest, which would nec
essarily hamper French action in Eur
ope France must preserve her In
fluence river the approaches to Algeria,
hut bre as elsewhere she must subor
dinate Colonial to general foreign pol
icy. French Moroccan policy should be.
according to M. Deschanel. "neither
dangerous adventure nor international
ization, but the gradual accomplish
ment of Its civilizing mission in agree
ment with the Powers."
Rumor that Seattle Man Is to Resign Sets Southerners to Speculating Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., Will Receive
$750 Month as Bug Salesman Mrs. Harriman to Visit Coast
SAN "FRANCISCO. Cal., June 11.
(Special.) The telegraphed gos
sip from Washington that Secre
tary of the Interior Balllnger may re
sign his Cabinet portfolio has caused
to be revived the report that Governor
Glllett will succeed him. When Presi
dent Taft was In California on his
Informal tour of the country, he was
entertained by the citizens at a ban
quet held at a San Francisco hotel. At
that banquet, other than the guest of
honor. Governor Glllett was the prin
cipal speaker. The Governor dwelt in
the main on the conservation of the
country's natural xesources. The
views he expressed are said to have
pleased the President and it will be
recalled by those participating that
President Taft displayed a deep inter
est while the Governor was talking.
Subsequently, the Governor, at the
special Invitation of the President, ac
companied the latter to the Tosemlte
Valley and also remained with the dis
tinguished visitor until he crossed the
southern line of the state. At xthat
time a Cabinet place for the Governor
was discussed, it is said.
Tried to Io Politics.
A small attempt to do some politics
by circulating a report that Miss Ethel
Glllett. daughter of the Governor, was
to accompany the Ellery party on its
northern canvass of the state as the
guest of Mrs. Ellery, was made last
week. The statement was . promptly
contradicted by Ellery, but had the
story been correct, it would have re
lated a purely social incident, with no
political significance whatever.
The Gllletts and the Ellerys were
residents of Humboldt County, and the
heads of the families subsequently ac
quired official residence in Sacramento.
While the Governor and the State En
gineer have held none but" strictly of
ficial and somewhat formal communi
cations, their families have always
maintained friendly relations.
The fuss and fluster made over the
incident probably caused the young
woman to abandon a very pleasant out
ing by automobile between San Fran
cisco and Eureka.
ltoosevelt Junior's Salary.
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.. who Is to be
married on June 20 to Miss Eleanor
Alexander, is, so it is said, to receive
a salary of )T60 a month when he comes
to San Francisco to work as a sales
man In a rug company's Western
branch house. It is very probable that
he will live down In the Burlingame
country under the social wing of the
Crockers and their clique.
His bride-to-be Is a niece of Mrs.
Harriet Alexander, of New York, a sis
ter of William H. Crocker, and It Is
at her house that a wedding reception
is to be held after the church cere
mony. Miss Jennie Crocker, who is
now In the East, will be one of the
Neither young Roosevelt nor his
future bride has much of this world's
goods. Her father, Henry Addison
Alexander, Is a member of a, law ftrm
In London and was formerly counsel
for the American Embassy in Paris. It
4s said his income is not a large one.
Young Roosevelt Is represented as
having thoroughly mastered the rug
and carpet business by an apprentice
ship with the Eastern firm, and wants
to be taken on his merits, without any
fuss about being the son of a famous
Whether the Berkeley people axe
right In thinking Benjamin Ide Wheel
er's close friendship with the father
may cause young Teddy to select their
town as a place of residence, remains
to be seen.
Private Cars In California.
Mrs. E. H. Harriman. widow of the
railroad magnate and who is unques
tionably the richest woman in the
world, is arranging to spend the Sum
mer on the Coast and in Hawaii with
her youngest daughter and . her two
sons. The Southern Pacific people are
arranging an itinerary for her private
car while on the Coast.
This car Is at the same time one of
the most luxurious and comfortable of
any owned by Individuals in the United
States. It possesses a library and val
uable paintings among other things.
But the New Yorkers do not have
all the best in this line. There are
some private cars owned - by C&llfor
niana which are Just as good as any
In the United States, say railroad offi
cials. There . is Jennie Crocker's car
and the one owned by Mr. and Mrs.
William Tevls. The latters car is
called the San Emidlo and was built
for the late Cornelius Vanderbllt and
then called the Wanderer. When Tevls
bought it he spent considerable money
on it for improvements.
John A Bunting, who wu one of the
first Callfornians to get rich from oil
lands, recently sold his car. After he
returns from Europe he intends to
have the Pullman people build him an
other. .
Joseph O'Connor, night house detec
tive of the ' Palace Hotel for many
years, especially before the fire, and
a " terror to guests who misbehaved,
has resigned to go into other business.
In his early experience as night de
tective his zeal at times ran away
with the O'Connor Judgment. It is re
lated of O'Connor that one night he
heard male and female voices on the
second floor of the caravansary. Rush
ing down to the office he reported his
suspicions to Night Clerk Rucker.
"Better 'let that apartment alone,"
laconically replied Rucker.
"Why?" asked O'Connor. "
That's the apartment of Colonel
Klrkpatrlck and his family," was the
One night he saw a well dressed
woman standing in the Market-street
entrance of the hotel smoicing a cigar
ette. He ordered her to stop. She had
arrived that day from Lisbon. Spain,
with her parents, and the young wo
man, who was accustomed to smok
ing, lost no time in complaining to her
people. The father made a great row
over the supposed insult, but although
the apologies were profuse, the Span
ish indignation was not removea until
the local Consul of Spain explained
that there was no intention of wound
ing the young woman's feelings.
Society of the Walrns
The Society of the Walrus, a social
organization of men who have been at
least one season in the Behring Sea
region, is in a flourishing condition in
this city, as, well as in Seattle. It was
started originally by ofHoers of the
revenue cutter service, many of whom
have seen duty in that part of the
Its mace of authority is a big walrus
bone, and It is s-'l to have a very
interesting ritual. There are two de
grees for the candidates for member
ship to take, respectively known as the
pup and bull degrees. Both degrees
are taken the same night so that all
the members are bull walruses after
the initiation. .
Quite a number -of the members of
the Union League and Bohemian clubs
belong. The last notable initiation was
that of Chief of Police Martin, and a
lot of well-known men saw that the
affair was properly handled.
The present grand jury in San Fran
cisco is taking' extreme pleasure in
going gunning for all sorts of trusts.
Not so long ago members of the so
called fish trust were indicted, and now
the 'vegetable trust" has been held up
to public scorn. It is declared that
certain of the wholesale vegetable deal
ers have combined to keep up the
prices and that the poor retailers have
oeen ooiigea to surrer In consequence.
Colonel Shuns Entertainment for !
rRest in Country.
LONDON. June 11 fSner.ial -Knt t
be caught a second time by religious
enthusiasts. Colonel Roosevelt has writ
ten to the" "committee of the Church
Missionary Society In London, regret
ting that his many engagements will
prevent him from meeting them and
. , . mo iuicaaiuua missionary
work as he has seen it in hi
"I regret this," he writes, "for many
reasons, because I was so Impressed
by your work in Uganda that it would
hjLVM h A ATI n rnal .-i 1 . . .... - j
dressed you about it."
Londoners regret that they will see
so little T)f the ex-President, for the
greater part of his plans are for a
quiet rest In countryside quarters like
Ambassador Reld's fine place at Wrest
Pn t-It eir TCriwafX ri---.,' - . i .
" . uiiuoper-
land home, Falloden; Lord Curzon's
wvuui.&jr uuuaci, nacKwooa arK, Bas
ingstoke, and Arthur Lee's Hampshire
All these are notable men. Sir Ed
ward Grey is admitted by all parties
to be an excellent Foreign Minister.
Since his wife was killed in a hunting
accident a few years ago, he has spent
all his spare time in solitude, fishing.
Lord Curzon has had a brilliant ca
reer as Viceroy of India, aided by his
late wife-, who was Mary Leiter. of
Chicago. . Arthur Lee is a prominent
Conservative M. P. and an authority on
naval questions.
France Is Told to-Kxtend Language
.and Influence of Xation.
PARIS, June 11. (Special-rPaul
Deschanel ias for five years been
president of the committee of Foreign
j . 1. Liiu v. iitLin uci , tiiiu iwr lour
years reporter of the Foreign Office
Estimates, and In consequence he is
particularly qualified to speak with
authority on the subject of French
foreign policy. It can scarcely be
doubted that the book which he has
Just published, "Hors des Frontleres,"
will attract wide attention.
In "Rors des Fortieres" M. Deschanel
deals principally with three subjects
the Moroccan question, the Eastern
question, and the reform of the French
Foreign Office. With regard to the
last of these questions, M. Deschanel
has insisted on the necessity of in
creasing the salaries of the represen
tatives of Franco abroad, of augment
ing the number of Consular appoint
ments, and of giving material encour
agement to the institutions which ex-
The Peer of All Bottled Beers
Brewed with the most scrupulous care to insure
its absolute purity, quality and palatability
Made with sparkling Bull Run Water, selected
hops and perfected barley malt, it is
the despair of imitators
Stands pre-eminent on the Pacific Slope. Abso
lute cleanliness is another cardinal feature that
would delight the most exacting customer.
When you drink beer secure the best. It
is the cheapest from all standpoints.
A 1172
Thirteenth and Burnside
Main 72