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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Jan. 30, 1910)
Pages 1 to 12
VOJL. XXIX. NO. 5
PORTLAND, OREGON,' SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY .30, 1910
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
HOW TO CONSERVE
TO TAKE HOLDINGS
BOISE PRICES ARE
LEADERS OF PARTY
HOTEL PLANS FOR
PARIS GIVES PRAISE,
ROCKEFELLER AND MORGAN
AWAITING MERGER DECISION.
GRAND JURY TO DELVE INTO
ALLEGED TRUSTS. -
NEW CHICAGO HOSTELRY WILL
FIT VP 20TII FLOOR.
l v v v y v Nr q ' 1 -" rr'v V "Jr-V Vy 1 : r-
Bottling Up Resources
Is Not Purpose.
WASTE MUST BE PREVENTED
Government Favors Use Under
ALASKA IS PRIZE PACKAGE
Secretary Says. Private Enterprise
Must Have Reasonable Inde
pendence, but Kesources
Must lie Perpetuated.
PROVIDENCE, R. I.. Jan. 29. Alaska
to a prize package, the full value of
which no man can estimate now, said
Secretary Balllnger before the Conserva
tion Club of Hliode Island and the Econo
mic Club of Providence tonight.
In declaring the natural wealth of the
land should be conserved, the Secretary
made no reference to the controversy
with Gifford. Plnchot. He announced his
willingness to answer any questions after
he had concluded his address, but no
questions after he had concluded his ad
dress, but no queries were put to him.
The Secretary said tha .homestead
statute signed by President Lincoln was
one of the most beneficient ever enacted
for the upbuilding of this country and
was of especial value in relation to the
farms of Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa and
other places in the West, but was an
absmrdity in the forest lands of Oregon,
which were so thickly timbered as to be
almost Impenetrable, and almost equally
absurd when applied to the valuable min
eral lands of Alaska.
Reriourees Not to He" IJottled Up.
"Somo people, I fear," declared the
Secretary, "have a notion that to con
serve our natural resources we must
, .1 .: " -'fH-'i.-ai-AfM
jMinie Liiem ur uuliib meiu up. All Rinus
of exrteme notions are likely to be ad
vanced by those who take an Imprac
tical view of the subject. I was con
fronted by the suggestion that the Gov
ernment build homes on the remaining
public lands, stock them and rent them
to applicants and become the landlord of
the public domain.
Business Must Not He Hampered.
"It is all right to place reasonable re
straints upon the use of our natural re
sources to prevent the mischiefs which
result from monopoly and greed and ex
tortion, but when you attempt to regu
late a man's' private business or declare
hod he shall use his property, so that he
can no longer exercise a reasonable in
dependence over it, he may as well sur
render his business and his property to
the state and let the state operate it. -
"Individuality and Incentive for In
dustry will certainly disappear under
any system of public regulation and
control that Imposes a strictly govern
mental guardianship over the citizen.
The American system of government
contemplates the freest possible exer
cise of Individual liberty consistent
with the public good, and In discussing
the conservation of our natural re
sources and the supervision, regulation
and control that is proper to be ex
ercised by Federal or state authority,
this principle should be constantly
Waste Must He Restrained.
"After all, the question of conserva
tion Is a question of practicing with
our resources frugality and economy.
Profligacy and wanton waste of our
Inheritance in this particular, of course.
Is to be restrained whenever and wher
ever the power exists, and particularly
when the loss affects the future hap
piness of mankind.
"Our Nation's future in the highest
degree Is involved in the perpetuation
of our wealth and the ability of our
people to live in happiness and pros
perity in all generations to come.
(Therefore we can justly say that no
man can gratify his lust for wealth or
his ambition for power by destroying
(Continued on Page 2.)
If Government Says Union Pacific
Holds Southern Unlawfully,
Bonds Will Be Gobbled.
NEW YORK. Jan. 29. Wall street
today heard an unverified report that
if the Government wins its suit to dis
solve the Union Pacific-Southern Pa
cific merger, a syndicate composed of
John D. Rockefeller, through the Na
tional City Bank; J. P. Morgan, through
the First National Bank, and Kuhii.
Loeb & Co., will take over the Union
Pacific's holdings of Southern Pacific
bonds and stock." . These are said to
amount to $125,000,000.
Judge Lovett and other representa
tives of the Harriman roads declined
today to comment on the decision -f
the Government to proceed with the
suit against the Union Pacific and
Southern Pacific systems.
It Is learned, however, that the de
fendants will open, their case in this
city February 15 and that witnesses
will be called. The Government has
practically finished its case.
It is expected the case will go before
the United States Circuit Court of the
Eighth District early In the Fall and
a decision ought to follow toward the
end of the year.
U.-S. IS TEMPTING JAPAN
Diplomat Fears Un preparedness Is
Provocation of Conquest.
KANSAS CiTY, Mo., Jan. 29. That the
United " States in its unpreparedness for
war is Unwittingly tempting Japan to
attack her was the declaration of Horace
Newton Allen, of Toledo, O., former Min
ister to Corea, in an address before the
Knife and Fork Club here last night.
"Prior to the Japanese-Chinese war,"
continued Mr. Allen. "Japan had spies all
through China so that she knew the lat
ter' weakness better than did the Chi
nese themselves. The same is true of
the Russian conflict. In both cases it
was the weakness o'f her antagonists
that led her to war. Shall we offer such
teniptatlqn? It looks as if we were bent
on doing so.
"When Japan has taken Hawaii, as
military authorities say she could do
over night, as were, she could land a
quarter million men on the Pacific Coast
in 20 days, while we could not get 100,000
there in three months. But if Japan did
make war on us it would be the end of
Japan, for we would sacrifice every son
and spend every dollar, if necessary, in
-Feao.ui'-hJjr our country."
Mr. Alien believes that should Japan
decide to make war on the United States
she will do so In the next five years be
fore the completion of the Panama Canal
and the expiration of the Japanese-English,
COAL AND OIL SOUGHT
Portlanders Lease Tract Near Eu
gene and Will Prospect.
EUGENE, Or., Jan. 2& (Special.)
J. W. Perkins, of Portland, was in
Eugene today in the interest of Port
land capitalists who are leasing large
tracts of land along the route of the
proposed Roseburg-Coos Bay Railroad.
Mr. Perkins' stop in this city was for
the purpose of closing a contract with
E. J. Crow, of this city, who owns a
1000-acre tract of land 15 miles west
of the City of Roseburg and on which
appear abundant indications of -. botH
coal and oil. The -object in securing
a lease on this tract is to develop the
coal beds and prospect for oil.
Mr. Crow has leased his land to a
company, whom Mr. Perkins represents,
on a royalty basis and wlH receive a
money consideration in proportion to
the amount of coal or oil produced on
the land. There are numerous coal
cropping? on the Crow tract. Mr.
Perkins went on. to Roseburg this after
noon. PUBLIC WORSHIP AT EBB
Moral Wave, Suys Pauncc, Reacts
CHICAGO. Jan. 29. William H. P.
Faunce, president of Brown University,
thinks religious sentiment, as measured
by the standards of worship and church
going, is on the wane. In the current
American Journal of Theology, issued at
the University of Chicago Press,' yester
day, he says:
"Moral awaketiing, which has taken
possession of the country, has had a re
actionary effect on devout religion. A
wave of social consciousness is now
sweeping over our land, and at the same
time there is obviously a wave of reces
sion from public worship. The tide of cor
porate endeavor Is at the full, but the tide
of corporate devotion mysteriously ebbs.
This disinclinatidn exists not alone among
the irreligious or immoral; it exists most
obviously among the devout and the
HARRY MURPHY MAKES
Worcester . Quits Plan
After Fair Trial.
TWO-YEAR .TEST SUFFICIENT
More of Drunkenness and Ex
cess Liquor Sales Shown.
YOUNG MEN DEMORALIZED
Lack of Ability to Place-Any lie
- strictions Upon Sale of Intoxi
cants Pointed to as Great
Fault of Dry Regime..
WORCESTER, Mass.. Jan. 29. (Spe
cial Correspondence.) The fallacy of
prohibition in a city large enough to
cut a figure in the commerce of the
country has been demonstrated by the
City of Worcester, Mass. The popula
tion of Worcester Is considerably over
100,000; it is a busy, enterprising city,
and the first of Its size in the world
to have the temerity to apply the pro
hibition doctrine. The peculiar fea
ture of the Worcester object lesson Is
that the local liquor Interests are
credited with actually placing the city
in the dry column for two years from
which it will emerge on the first of
May to accomplish a purpose of their
There is the best sort of reason for
believing that in holding up this
Massachusetts municipality as one of
their notable, victorious battlegrounds,
the Prohibitionists are but deceiving
themselves. Because no-license proved
a failure, in a trial of two years, and
because the Interests which decreed no
strong attempt for license in the two
years past should be made, had won
their point, the city went back to the'
wet col uiPA- t,4jwftfaUjfeU't.i toy.i.
No-License Regime Kails.
The recent experiences of not only
Worcester,- but "other Massachusetts
cities, Salem, Lrnn, Lawrence, Lowell
and Haverhill, have 4 provided the
strongest sort of argument to uphold
the statement that no-license in any
city of more than 50,000 inhabitants is
not alone unpractical, but is harmful.
In Worcester the question offers a
good opportunity for study, and for
the gathering of statistics: and this
opportunity has been improved by a
very considerable number of investiga
tors, whose personal feelings in the
matter take both sides. The statistics,
however, show an increase in immoral
ity and law-breaking, rather than the
decrease so confidently predtr-fed by
the Prohibitionists when the no
license regime began; and there has
as yet been no argument presented
seriously affecting this conclusion.
The late Carroll D. Wright, a resi
dent of Worcester, by the way, said:
."Statistics, candidly and intelligently
studied, with care to include all the
factors and relations In analyzing
them, constitute the best evidence.
Handled any other way they furnish
a highly efficient means of hiding the
Liquor Sales. Increased.
It has been the truth which I sought to
obtain, and from statistics, three glaring
defects in the no-license , system stand
out beyond dispute, namely, that in Wor
cester under no-license arrests for drunk
enness have increased; more liquors have
been consumed, and kitchen dives have
Increased in such a proportion that the
police have found themselves practically
powerless to cope with the situation.
But getting back to the primary cause
of "Worcester going dry, it is learned that
the liquor dealers were responsible for it.
If we take their word for it, the brewers
were crowding them beyond the point of
endurance, and to retaliate the dealers
turned the city over to the "dry column."
The first year, however, was not enough
to convince the voters that Worcester
had made a mistake; so they again tried
(Continued on Page 2.)
Probers to Meet for Ten Days' to
Find Why Cost of Fuel and
Meat Is High.
BOISE, Idaho, Jan. 29. (Specials
Petty complaints and "spite complaints
will be eliminated from the probe of the
special grand Jury which will convene
here Monday morning and probably re
main in session for 10 days. County At
torney McCarty is angered over anony
mous letters sent him by consumers re
questing that their troubles with local
merchants be aired. It is believed that
the investigations of the Jury will result
in the indictment of local merchants who
have combined to restrain and control
The coal trust will first be taken up
and evidence will be introduced inan at
tempt to show the existence of a com
bination known as the Union Feed, &
Fuel Company to control the sale and
supply of coal -and to boost the price.
The Boise Meatmen's Association will
also come into the limelight for a prob
ing. It being alleged this trust controls all
shops in the city and dictates the price of
meats, raising it at will.
The milk, butter, dray and other smaller
trusts of local prominence will be inves
tigated also, says the County Attorney.
BRISTOL URGES DIVISION
Free Courthouse Offered In Klickitat
County Seat Fight.
BRISTOL. Wash., Ja'n. 29. Sentiment in
favor of the division of Klickitat County
is growing stronger. Commercial organ
izations in the western end of the county
are taking the subject up individually,
but at the same time, there is a disposi
tion to await results of a movement in
the eastern end of the county, fathered
by S. W. Hill, for the removal of the
lounty seat from Goldendale to Maryhll'
As an inducement for the change in
that section of the county, Mr. Hill, has
agreed to erect a new Courthouse at
Maryhill of reinforced concrete, fire and
sand proof, and present it to the county
free. Meantime Secretary George D. Mor
ris, of the Bristol Development Club, is
preparing a circular letter to be sent to
commercial organizations in the western
end ofthe county to crystallize senti
ment for division.
The Bristol Club is unalterably for divi
sion, and In this stand is backed up by
public sentiment in White Salmon and
Bingen, nearest home, and Hueum and
other towns in the northwestern part of
the county. Lyle is expected to fall Into
line. All unite in saying the time is ripe
for such a move.
OREGON GIRL DIES ALONE
Epilepsy, Not Poison, Believed to
Have Been Cause.
SEATTLE, Jan. 29. Miss Helen Brad
bury, of Jefferson, Or., aged 22, who
died suddenly in a hotel here last night,
and was supposed to have taken poison
with suicidal intent, succumbed to a
chronic trouble resembling epilepsy, the
Coroner earned today.
JEFFERSON, Or., Jan. 29. Helen
Bradbury Is daughter of C. Bradbury,
a farmer 'who has been living a mile
north of this place for about JO
months. Mr. Bradbury left for Port
land at "2 o'clock this afternoon and
will go on tonight to Seattle. He says
Miss Bradbury was subject to attacks
during which she became unconscious
and thinks she may have died during?
one- of these.
NANAIM0 FUGITIVE CAUGHT
Man Wanted . for Embezzlement
' Found In Los Angeles.
LOS ANGELES. Cal.. Jan. 29. (Spe
cial.) Charles Bisco, a fugitive from
Nanaimo. B. C, was arrested In the Los
Angeles-Redondo Railway ticket office to
day. A tourist from his home city recog
nized him and told an officer he was
wanted in the Canadian town.
Nanaimo authorities in response to a
telegram sent a dispatch stating he was
charged with embezzling J200 and that
they will send an officer for him.
Widows Make Best Wives?
NEW YORK. Jan. 2S. "As a 'rule sec
ond marriages are the happiest," said ex
Judge A. J. Dittenhoofer, of New York,
in an interview published here, today.
"The woman who marries for a second
time is more apt to make a happy home,
because she is more settled, more domes
tic, more prudent.' She has profited by
Seumas McManus 111.
ANN". ARBOR. Mich., Jan. 29. Seumas
MoManus. Irish story-teller, who ap
peared here last night in a lecture to the
students at Michigan University, was un
able to finish his address owing to illness.
He was taken to a hospital, where physi
cians diagnosed his case as incipjen-t pneu
CONTRIBUTION OF HUMOROUS PICTORIAL COMMENT ON CURRENT EVENTS.
1 1 AloneOpposePlan.
PARTY UNISON IS AT STAKE
With but Few Exceptions De
mand Is Statewide.
CROOK COUNTY IS OPPOSED
Clackamas County, Hotbed of Radi
cal Ideas. Is Favorable to Plan,
but No County Assem
bly Js Likely.
The Oregonian today publishes the
fourth of a series of interviews with
Republicans of the state on the as
sembly question. Interviews were not
obtained from members of the party
In the following outside counties.
Ollliam. Wallowa. Washington and
Wheeler. The result of these Inter
views, not Including Republicans in
Multnomah County, who have not
been quoted. Is as follows:
Counties represent, ed ". 2t
Republicans interviewed '. ' I 4:t
Favorable to assembly 132
Opposed to assembly... . 11
Elect delegates by precincts " .
Elect delegates by mass meetings
or otherwise 12
No suggestion as to eleotln'n "
Summarizing the interviews with
representative Republicans from 29 of
the 34 counties of the state, outside of
Multnomah County, which have been
published in The Oregonian, including
those presented today, 132 out of 143
interviewed on the subject have de
clared themselves unqualifiedly In fa
xe of the proposed assembly plan, both
state and county. Only 11 oppose the
.flgsembl&JVhUe OFiy 6S of the total
number suggested a plan for selectin..'
the delegates, 56 recommended that
delegates be elected by precinct pri
maries. The other 12 would have the
delegates selected either by precinct or
county mass meetings; or by the mem
bers of the County Central Committee.
Th'e purpose of The Oregonian in
compiling these expressions was to ob
tain the., sentiment on the assembly
plan from the Republican voters of the
state. The Interviews gathered by The
Oregonian are representative of the
party in the state, outside of Multno
mah County, which is not included.
They were obtained from men repre
senting every walk in lifethe logger,
farmer, business man, banker, an occa
sional state and county official being
Plan of Action Outlined.
Fully two-thirds of those interviewed
Indorse the following plan of proced
ure: Election by precincts of dele
gates to the county assembly; county
assembly to suggest candidates for
county offices and elect delegates to
state assembly, the state gathering to
recommend candidates for all state
offices. A large majority of those ex
pressing themselves favor holding the
county assemblies early in May, or not
later than June 1. The same Republi
cans propose that the state assembly
be held between. July 1 and July 15, or
at least 60 days before the direct prim
ary nominating election, which will be
held September 12.
Of the26 interviews submitted today
from the counties of Benton, Clacka
mas. Crook,. Lake and Polk, not one
Republican opposes the assembly.
While members of -the party in Curry
County are not quoted, it Is , under
stood that the assembly does not meet
with ! the approval of Republicans in
that, county. -
Grant County- Pro-Assembly.
The Oregonian correspondent in Grant
County failed to interview Republicans,
but in describing political conditions
in that section oUhe state indicates a
pro-assembly sentiment.' In Benton
Couoty, 10 of the 12 men questioned in-
(Concluded on Page 8.)-
First Building or Kind Actually to
Make Ready for Travel of
CHICAGO. Jan. 29. (Special.) The
Biackstone Hotel, an exclusive host
elry for millionaires, now nearing com
pletion in this city, will have tne
twentieth floor fitted up as an aero
It is believed this is the first seri
ous attempt in this country to provide
for the coming method of travel. Man
agers of the Biackstone say they feel
Confident that aeroplane travel will be
general in the course of a few. years at
the outside, and that the majority of
their patrons will own airships. For
this reason it is preferable to prepare
now than to remodel ihe house.
Engineers are now consulting the
most successful aeronauts for ideas as
to the proper equiprr-mt of the garage.
The hotel overlooks Grant Park and
Lake Michigan and plans, as far as de
termined upon,, are to have entrances
to the garage from four sides, so that
ingress and egress -.'ill be easily made
at all times.
It Is also planned to have large and
small aeroplanes tdf rental for use of
guests and sightseers.
GATZERT REACHES DALLES
Sleamer Succeeds Cutting Through
Ice First Time This Year.
THE DALLES. Or.. Jan. 29. (.Spe
cial.) The steamer Bailey Gatzert
reached The Dalles dock at 12:80 to
day, the first through trip from Port
land since January 1. She started from
Portland Friday at 7 A. M. and tied up
at Kiindt's, a mile en- two below
Crates Point, last night and started
bucking the ice in the bend at 7 this
morning. In some places she cul
through cakes piled 25 feet high.
The Columbia Is clear of ice for two
or three miles both above and below
The Dalles' but the ferryboat, which is
tied up in Hungry. Harbor, will not re
sume service until the Ice is out of pig
Eddy. The open river line steamer J.
N. Teal will make her first run since
January 1 between Portland and The
Dalles on Tuesday.
LAD PLEADS OWN CASE
12Y"ear-01d Successfully Resists
Sentence to School.
. CHICAGO. Jan. 29. Every boy his
own lawyer Is the ideal of Charles
Willis, 12 years old, who appeared in
the Juvenile Court yesterday to resist
efforts to place him in the Parental
School for Truancy. He won the sup
port of the prosecutor, Superintendent
W. L. Bodtne of the Compulsory Edu
cation Department, and won his case
before Judge Pinckney.
"I have come down to face the music
alone." he said, when asked where his
parents were. "No, I don't want no
parent, no officer nor nobody to show
me the way to this court, Judge. If I
am sent to the Parental school I'll 3-0
and give myself up there and won't
run away, either."1
The lad's case had been continued to
see what record he would make at the
Mount- Ckrmel school. "And I made
good,", said Charley, drawing from his
pocket the credentials signed by the
authorities of the Mount Carmel
FRUIT JV1EN PLAN UNION
Clackamas County Growers Limit
. Number of Varieties.
OREGON CITY, Or.. Jan. 29. (Spe
cial.) Spitzenbergs, Roman Beauties.
Yellow Newtowns, Grimes Goldens and
Baldwins are the five varieties of apples
recommended to the growers of Clacka
mas County as being the best adapted
for the soil and climate by the Clacka
mas County Horticultural Society this
afternoon. . It is the purpose of the so
ciety eventually to form a fruitgrow
ers' union and ship carloads of apples
East, and they realize the impossibility
4af carrying out a such - a plan unless
there is a limit placed on the varieties
The society held an enthusiastic
meeting this afternoon. The main ad
dress was given by H. M. Williamson,
secretary of the State Board of Horti
culture. In future the members of the
society will not accept trees from nur
serymen unless they first pass the in
spection of the officers of the society,
who are A. J. Lewis, president: c. W.
Swallow, vice-president; M. J. Lazelle,
in Danger, Though.
EPIDEMIC IS ALSO FEARED
Conditions Pitiful in Districts
-NEED OF CHARITY GREAT'
Red Cross Active as Are French So
cieties and Contributions to Re
lier Fund Pour in From AH
i'arts of the World. '
PARIS. Jan. 29. Slowly the swollen a
ters of the Seine, which reached their i
high mark at 2 o'clock this morning, are)
subsiding, and at midnight the fall meas
ured four and one-half inches enough to)
bring a sense of relief to the desolated
and distracted city.
The danger of some great calamity,
such as lias been predicted, now seems
over, although the situation continues
critical, particularly near the St. Lazare)
station, where whole streets 'and solid
blocks of buildings threaten to sink
through the crust into the waters beneath.
ftuilding Foimadtious Weakened.
The effect of the removal of the wa
ter pressure has been to weaken founda
tions greatly and this causes the greatest
anxiety. Besides, there will be thousands
of acies to be cleared or repaired when
the water has receded and there is also
the possibility of an epidemic.
It is believed the breaking of the dam
at Gennevillieres apapreciably has has
tened the climax by releasing an immense)
amount of water, but the consequences
below are appalling.
Helovv Paris Condition Had.
(5.;iiiiviliere! and Colombes have 30.0o
inhabitant?. These sections are complete-
ly submerged, the water reaching the tops'
of houses In the lower section .while the
Hood is backing - up into the center ot
Certainly 4o,00 people have been driven,
from their homes in the valley of the
Seine to hospitals and other buildings'
placed at the disposition of refugees.
Dispatches from the provinces Indicate
a general improvement except in tho
lower valley of the Seine.
Stale of Siege Unnecessary.
Premier Briand today gave a. categori
cal denial to reports that the government
contemplates proclaiming a state of siege
in the city. He said there would have,
been no hesitation to do this if the neces- j
sity had arisen, but that the public had
manifested complete tonfidence in the j
government and was co-operating in such, j
splendid fashion that France might welt
be proud before the world.
A number of deplorable incidents) i
have been reported. Several shopkeep- i
era who attempted to charge quadruple j
prices have been mobbed, while a grro-
ceryman who was driven to the upper j
story of his house by an angry crowdi ;
fired a revolver, wounding a woman. ;
Rowdies have attempted to pillage i
many houses, and at several towns they j
have been driven off by the military.
Flood Has Geological Cause.
Explanations of the floods given by!
French scientists are of especial inter- j
est. Ktienne Stanislas Meunier, an
eminent geologist, considers the phe-;
nomenon to be more of a geological j
than a meteorological nature. He de- '
clares the soil of the entire basin of
the Seine has become imperceptibly j
filled to the point of complete satura- !
tlon in the preceding three" months of
general rains, -with moderate tempera-
tures, which retarded evaporation, j
When the heavy rains came last week
the ground was Impermeable and the
water ran off as If from a cement floor.
M. Heunier concludes the power given j
to an area of country to take care of i
the water, outside of considerations as i
to natural soil, is measured by the evap- j
(Continued on Pagre 2.