THE SUNDAY OREGOXIAX, PORTLAND, JANUARY 3. 1908. HERE -IS SAD NEWS : THE DISHPAN HAT IS DOOMED ! PHYSICIANS DECLARE AGAINST IT IN NEW YORK AND THE MILLINERS HAVE BECOME MELANCHOLY THE "dishpan" liat is doomed. The great sweeping brim of vel vet, its weight of drooping ostrich .plumes tumbling over its inverted, down the-back rim, has been declared against by physicians In New York, that great distributing point for fads and fashions imported from the continent, and the so ciety women and fashion leaders of Gotham have reluctantly given way to the edict, regretfully returning their ex pensive and alluring "dishpan' hats to the bandbox. Ordinarily the. woman who is the for tunate possessor of1 a ?75 or $MK "perfect love of a liat" does not hasten to heed the frown of the physician, and the whim of a mere medical man usually counts little against anything alluringly orna mental; but this time the doctors win, for not only is the heavy, backward tmnging, down-pulling "dishpan hats" declared to be merely injurions to the health, but In addition, produces eondi- New Year's Day With' F. X. Matthieu George H. Himes Has Interesting Ohat With Veteran Patriot Who Helped Save Oregon Country to United States. PORTLAND, Jan. 4. (To the Editor.) It was the good fortune of the writer to be able to spend New Year's day, 1908, with a notable pioneer of J842, lion. F. X. Matthieu, at his hos pitable home, near Buttevllle, Marion County. The squatter's right to the 640 acres he now owns Vas acquired in 1846. and the title was confirmed to him as a donation land claim under the provisions . of the act of September 27, 1S50, and this place has been his home for more than 61 years. Mr. Matthieu has now entered the last quarter of his HOth year, and aside from failing eyesight, which afflic tion did not begin to be noticeable until a few months ago, he is a remarkably well preserved man. He Is a treasure house of Information regarding affairs" in the Willamette Valley from the date of his arrivel at Oregon City, September 25, 1842, up to within a few years ago, when he ceased to take an active interest in public affairs. Mr. Matthieu was born in' Montreal, Canada, of French parents. April 2, 1818, and on this account it has been supposed hy some that he came to Oregon as an employe of the Hudson's Bay Company. On the contrary, he was a French rob-l. and made his way to the United States across the Canadian border in 1S37-3S. when it would have been decidedly uncomfortable for him had he been caught, and he first made himself known In the United States at . Albany, N. Y. Hero he worked at the carpenter's trade for awhile, lie went to Chicago in 1S39, and soon afterwards to St. loiiis. There he formed the acquaintance of the elder Vlerre Chouteau, - head of the American Kur Company, and was employed as a clerk for three years on the frontier in charge- of parties of trappers and traders among the Indians of the plains, notably the Sioux, the most warlike and formid able of the native races west of the Mis souri Hiver. Being instinctively a fair-minded man. with a willingness to give every one a sinare deal." an Indian as- well as a white man. Mr. Matthieu had no diffi culty in securing the confidence of all the tribes he mot. and this inured to the benefit of the company which employed him. In large measure. And not only that when he decided to leave the Amer ican Fur Company's employ, early in the Spring uf 1M2. his fair treatment of the Indians was of great advantage to the company of 100 or more immigrants bound for Oregon under the leadership of lr. Elijah White. In fact, judging from the opinions expressed by different mem bers of that company to the writer many years apo. It is quite probable that had it not been for Mr. Matthieu's knowledge of the Indian dialects in the country through which the westward-bound homeseekers were traveling, there would have been serious difficulty at least, with a strong probability that the entire ?1 M: : $ VsnV i s I : v : .i . v -I : i ' i I 'nMtimftiih, I K. X. lntttalcu, rioneer of 1S42. tions, such as eye-strain," St. Vitus' dance, and a tendency to hysteria, which constitute a menace to facial beauty and endanger the lines of the figure. Against such threats, even the most becoming and most enticingly luxurious of feminine adornments must beat ignominious re treat, and so the great, sweeping brims of velvet, with their fetching down-the-back dip, are being doffed and reluctant ly laid away. Incidentally, the milliners are sad. The physicians, they declare, are nasty, mean things, bent upon ruining business and quibbling over inconsequential trifles. In every velvety Inch of the flaring "dish pan" hat there was beauty and profit. That is why the milliners. are so melan choly. The making .of hats, and the manipulation of a few yards of velvet and a mere handful of $20 ostrich plumes, company of whites would have been cut off. The first person that Mr. Matthieu met after arriving at Oregon City on the date above given was Rev. Alvan F. Waller, who was doing missionary work there in the Interest of the Methodist Church. After a few preliminaries, the minister Invited Mr. Matthieu to dinner: the" latter, being roughly clad, declined at first, but finally accepted the invita tion, after repeated and most pressing re newals. This was the first time that lie had had the privilege of being seated with a family, or even in a boarding house, for more than two years: and as he looked over the table laden with nicely cooked food, particularly a large dish full of steaming baked potatoes, none of which he had seen for more than two years, his desire to eat became almost uncontrollable, and he nearly forgot the formalities customary at a clergyman's table. After an unusually long blessing upon the meal, as it seemed to him, Mr. Matthieu appeased his appetite as only a man can who emerges from years in the wilderness. At length he felt 'satisfied,' and endured with great composure the prayer which followed the dinner. After the lapse of more than 65 years tn Ore THE 9IUORG I ' . - OPENED. . , SEATTLE, Wash., Jan. 4. tSpecial.) Wit it thf opening of the new Moore Theater, at Second avenue and Virginia streets in Seattle, on December 2S, this city now claims the ownership of the finest thea ter on the Pacific Coast. Incidentally the attraction to which the new showhouse threw open its doors was distinctly a Seattle play. "The Alaskan," wiich was seen in Portland last November, and which was written by two Seattle men Joseph Blethen, son of the editor of the Seattle Times, and Harry Girard. The handsome new edifice Is- -the fruit of years of planning on the part of John Cort, the veteral theatrical manager of the Northwest, who two years ago prevailed upon James A. Moore, one of the wealthiest Seattle lumbermen, the need of a new and more elaborate theater than possessed by the Puget Sound metropolis. The erection of the new theater was undertaken about eight months ago. E. E. Hougiiton. the architect who designed and built the new playhouse, has formulated the plans of a large number of the newest" skyscrapers in Seattle, notably the New Arcade and Lowman buildings. The cost of the building Is J400.000. ' - While the finishing touches had not yet been placed on the new theater by the opening night, it was nevertheless a most attractive and cozy appearing house of amusement. The Blethen-GIrard play was re ceived most enthusiastically by a representative Seattle audience of a trifle over 30)0 people. Society was out in force, and from behind the footlights the gathering presented a most brilliant appearance. Governor Albert E. Mead, of Washington; Mayor William Hickman Moore, of Seattle; John Cort, man ager and lessee of the theater;-Calvin Heilig, president of the Northwest Theatrical Association, and James A. Moore, builder of the handsome home of theatricals, each made short and appropriate addresses com memorating the occasion. . - ' tu rrTj or rr com&wgp "asftpry j&zr so that the result is almost universally becoming, the milliners declare, is a work of art (and incidentally fine for busi ness), and now comes Mr. Saw-Bones, and spoils it all! What if the hat is a little heavy on "Ht head, and what if it does null down a trifle hard at the back? "Who would not suffer these trifles for the bewitching effect of the great velvet frame about her face, and tfte perfectly darling droop of the great, un curled plumes over the brim at the rear? So argues the milliner, but in vain. The "dishpan" ehapeau has met its "Waterloo, and gone down. The ache at the base of the brain, the consequent eye-strain, and the bad shoulder-lines that come of a heavy, down-pulling weight worn at the back of the head, are not conducive to beauty, and when the family doctor told the nevre-racked wearer" of the "dish gon. Mr. Matthieu looks back upon that September day at Oregon City as one of the brightest spots in his long life. As may be remembered. Mr. Matthieu "Was present at Champoeg May 2, 1843, ind his vote, with that of Etlenne Lucier, Cave the victory, by a majority of two, to those who were in favor of estab lishing American civil government on -he Pacific Coast the -first in what is ow the territory of the United States west of the Rocky Mountains. Of the 102 persons present on that memorable occasion, he is the only survivor. In the organization .of the provision al government, Mr. Matthieu served for a time as a Justice of the peace. In this capacity he performed all the functions of a justice of the peace, circuit and supreme judge, and .from his decision there was no appeal. Once a man was arraigned before him for making "blue ruin," a vile intoxicat ing drink distilled from the , poorest Hudson Bay Company's molasses. The culprit was convicted, fined heavily and his plant destroyed. Before many months it was found that he was In the distilling business again. He was accordingly arrested again. fined heavier than before, the plant de SEATTLE NOW HAS A HANDSOME NEW THEATER THEATER AT SECONU AVU-MK AXU VIRGINIA STREETS, pan hat that it was the. cause of all her troubles, all the artfulness of the Gotham milliner was wasted. he laid the hat away, and told all her friends about it; they laid theirs away, or took them back to the milliner to be ruthlessly bobbed off at the back and unballasted. They put heads together, and found that they had all; by reason of the down-dragging rear of the heavy hat, been walking with their shoulders drawn together, and their chest and lungs hunched up, so that they could not breathe properly; some of them had contracted a little, hacking, dis agreeable cough: others had acquired bad shoulder lines; the complexions of still others has faded under the strain, and nervousness of the eyes were complained of generally. So . passed the "dishpan" bat in Xew York. Now the news is spreading West stroyed the second time, and the fol lowing was the parting admonition of Judge Matthieu: "Tne next time you are arrested, brought before me and convicted, I'll order you hanged." That settled the business of making "blue ruin" for that time, as the guilty party left the cquntry and' was never heard of again. Such summary pro ceedings might improve some of the conditions that people have to endure nowadays. There Were but few law yers then. Mr. Matthieu was married to Miss Rose Osent. on French Prairie, in 1844, and removed to his present plaice In 1846, as already stated. H'e has been the father of 15 children, eight of whom are now living. Besides these, there are 40 grandchildren and four great-grandchildren. Mrs. Matthieu died February 12, 190U aged 73 years. Mr. Matthieu took the first degree in Mosanry in 1855 in Multnomah Lodge No. 1, Oregon City the first Masonic Lodge instituted on the Pacific Coast, which in the beginning was known as No. f4, under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Missouri and the second and third degrees in Champoeg Lodge. In recognition of his long service as a good citizen, the Masonic Grand Lodge of Oregon, at its annual meeting on June 13, 1901. made Mr. Matthieu an honorary past grand master a distinction bestowed in Oregon for the first time. . The spirit of independence which has characterized Mr. Matthieu throughout WHICH -MAS RECENTLY ward, and .Western milliners are vexed. Splendid creations of velvet and plumes, in. the richest of shades and of the most enticing variations, must lie on their shelves untouched, or perch vainly on the stands In the display windows. Many of the milliners customers, too, are sad, or soon will be, for they have already made their midwiner purchase and been proud in the possession of the widest possible of velvet brims and the largest heaviest possible. of ostrich plumes.' Now these must be discarded. Two types of the "dishpan" hat are shown in pictures No. 1 and No. 3. In one of these is shown the condemned combination of heavy .velvet and weighty ostrich plumes. The other shows the slightly less objectionable combination of velvet brim with a wreath of velvet and silken flowers. What is known as the "compromise" hat (the , largest and heaviest to which the physicians give their endorsement) is shown in No. 2. This shows the smart, backward dip ruthlessly bobbed off, and the condemned backward tilt remedied by several de grees. ' " ' ; ' his long life, was manifested when he first took the degrees in Masonry: He was waited upon and remonstrated with by the Catholic priest of the , parish in which he was then living and informed that to join secret societies was to vio late the rules of the church. After listening patiently for a time to the rep resentations of the priest Mr. Matthieu said: "I have joined the Masonic fra ternity with my eyes open, and know very well what the rules of the church are in the premises. All I have to say is this: If yoUj do not like what I have done, you may expell me from the church." But he has not yet been ex pelled. Notwithstanding Mr.' Matthieu's ad vanced age, he is deeply interested in the events of the day, and there is no apparent breaking down of his mental faculties. In all of his experiences on the frontier in the westward march from ocean to ocean, beginning TO years ago, the severest trial he has had, aside 'from the losses by death of members of his family, he is rfHw undergoing, in that he cannot read any ' more on account of failing eyesight. While this Is true, he accepts the situation with composure with a feeling of thankfulness that his eyesight has been spared so long: and his last words to me were: "Give all my friends a Happy New Year greeting, and tell them that we are going to have the best celebration we ever-had at Cham poeg on the second day of next May." GEORGE- H. HIMES. WHERE IS HIS LICENSE? AV. H. 'Barry Asks Why Heney "Butts' In" In "Oregon Politics. PORTLAND, Or., Dec. 30. 1907. (To the Editor.) Recently I have noticed among the news items , in your paper articles headed "Heney Opposes Ful. ton," and "Heney Takes a Fling at Fulton," and, as a high private in the rear ranks of the Republican party in Oregon, I desire to ask where does Mr. Heney get his license to "butt in" in Oregon politics, for this he is certainly trying to do. He is doing his best to blacken the reputation of Senator C. W. Fulton and poison the minds of the people . of Oregon against him, with the assertion (in one of ' his inter- Second Great Specials IN OUR DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP SALE Suit Values up to 'Mm' mm w j. m f i i mmwt MATTHEW GEVURTZ 'SSftSr Successor to Gevurtz & Worrell "New Store With Little Prices" views, self-sought, most likely) that 'what he knows about Fulton will come cur tn the Hall trial." It seems to me that if he had anything against the Senator he would have broken his neck to bring it out at the trials last year, when he was putting forth every effort to "land the big ones." I will admit that Mr. Heney has been a tireless worker in breaking up the land ring in Oregon and putting out of office and into Jail the grafters in San Francisco, but this good work does not give him the, right to besmirch our of ficials just as it pleases him. Heney was lucky in being selected by "somebody" to prosecute the land fraud cases. Just lucky, that is all He did no more than any of our clever criminal lawyers could have . done if they had been given the support, morally and financially, of the people at Washington that Heney received, to gether with an army of sleuths to gather evidence and- bulldoze wit nesses. Ever since the newspapers dubbed him the "Great Prosecutor" he has been strutting around like a peacock. Re porters interview him and write up stories of his early life, his great abil ity as a prosecutor, etc., until they have him so swelled up over his im portance that he thinks he is the savior-of the -whole Pacific Coast. But. nevertheless, he did good work in Oregon. He convicted toe guilty, besmirched some good names, let the arch-conspirator. "Sad" Puter. wax fat in the County Jail, while those who were guilty in a lesser degree were sent to McNeils Island. Methinks "Justice" has queer notions In her head. Pure vindlctiveness prompts his attack on Senator Fulton, nothing else. If he had a chance to do it. he would have dragged the Senator into the courts last year when the land-fraud trials were on. He wanted all the "big ones" then. But the Senator's skirts were clean and the Great Prosecutor was unable to land his man. Now that the primaries are near at hand- and Mr. Fulton has made known his desire to succeed himself, the Great Prosecutor sees a chance to blacken his good name by insinuating that there - is something wrong with the Senator, but- the people of this state want evidence, and "clean" evi dence at that, that Mr. Fulton is not a fit person to represent them in Con gress, and 1 believe, by their votes In June next, will show Mr. Heney that they, are opposed to outside interfer ence from the great or near-great who seek to pour out their spleen "to get even" on a man, who. though unfor tunately was surrounded with muck, through' respect for himself and party, kept clear of ail entanglements. Some reader may ask why should Mr. Heney feel vindictive toward Mr. Fulton. To those I will say look up the newspaper files of the period when Heney first arrived, or when his ap pointment was first mentioned, and you will readily grasp the reason. Mr. Fulton's election will not bring me anything. I was always opposed to his faction in politics, but I am prompt ed to write this communication through a spirit of fairness, since the "peacock." with a belly full of goat's milk thinks he will "butt in" like as not, and inasmuch as there is no di vision in the Republican party today, and Mr. Fulton being the logical candi date, I will do all I can to give him a boost, and know of others who were not with him before Heney joined the anvil chorus, that are for him now, tooth and nail. WILLIAM H. BARRT, 785 East Taylor Street. MISSION OF A NEWSPAPER A Subscriber Voices His Apprecia ' tlon of The Orcgonlan. ANACONDA. Mont., Jan. 3. (To the Editor.) U has long been a cause of Joy to me that in The Oregonian the plain, common people have one great newspaper that is sincerely devoted to their inter ests, and is also sane in judgment and fearless in the -expression of opinions necessary to be expressed, if the public is to be illuminated and instructed, and not merely flattered and exploited by certain "yellow" newspapers. How necessary, that word "sane" has become of late, to express a meaning that no other word will quite satisfy. It is very suggestive. Conditions are becom ing such that only those who are utterly fearless, as our fearless and strenuous President is so fond of saying, are fit for positions such as are occupied by fearless newspaper editors. He who speaks ' to the public with the prestige which at great public organ or high position gives incurs now, it seems to me, a greater responsibility than- ever before. The less responsive and more critical attitude of the public doesn't release him (the edi tor) from responsibility and give htm li cense to play the demagogue, faker or clown. It increases his responsibility and exalts his position. It Is glorious to in struct, enlighten . and lead manly, self reliant, critical men. A mere brute can lead a submissive clientage. The sincerity, toleration and sanity of The Oregonian commands my profound respect, and the industry, comprehensive knowledge and breadth of view evinced in its daily articles abundantly testify to the high character of the paper. The Oregonian has not only kept abreast of the times, but it is especially character ized by one quality .that I fail to notice In such a striking degree in any other of our great dailies growth of the right sort coming to the paper that ip fearless. $25 Special $11.45 All Suits, in every . style . and color, re duced for this great sale. COATS Every style and length, re duced from $5.00 to $15.00. BLACK SILK PET TICOATS Values to $10.00, s p e c i a lr $4.45. 'All Umbrellas, Bags, Coats and Sweaters reduced this week. Diamond M Rings and m Earrings Reduced v After the Christinas rush we find we have too many of these rinsrs left and too much invested e a p i t a 1 idle, and to reduce our stock and secure the cash, we will sell fine color, per fectly cut, Tiffany Setting Diamond Rings: $500 Rings $400 $350 Rings ....... .9275 $300 Rings $225 $275 Rings .$235 $200 Rings $150 $150 Rine-s .$110 $125 Rings . ... S 97 P-luu xviuga v $ 50 Rings . $37.50 $500 Earrings .....$400 $auu .Earrings 4U $250 Earriners $200 $175 Earrings .....$128 $150 Earrings . . . . .$115 $125 Earrings,... ..$ 96 A-t ri t-i . fly $1UU XjcUTUIgS $ 75 Earriners 4 $ 50 Earrings $ 38 Scud for our Catalogues of fine Diamond Jewelry, Iiinjrs, Bracelets, Watches aud Dia monds. Leffert s Jewelers and Opticians. 272 WASHINGTON ST. Telephone Main 7520. Portland, Or. J tireless and sincere and has lofty faith. A happy New Year.' J: LEWIS. INDIANS DO NOT GET LAND Errors In Survey Necessitate Relo cating Allotments. OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU,v"ash ington, Jan. 4. Complaints innumer able have come to Congressman Jones from time to. time from settlers on landsIn the north half of the Colville Indian Reservation that they were un able to get title to their lands. This was because'of the fact that owing tJf defective surveying originally and in allotting lands to the Indians entries did not correspond to the land upon which the entryman was located. To correct this the Land Office has been, for a year or two resurvcying and relocating the allotments to the Indians and at various times during this, period Mr. Jones has accelerated the naturally slow action of the offfce by several well-directed prods. He has again taken up the matter and has been assured -that the office hopes to have the whole matter adjusted within a very few weeks. Blue Room Good for Xervcs. - Indianapolis News. Blue surroundings, the doctor also declares, are good for nervous affec tions. Patients placed in a blue room, where light, hangings, furniture, and all are blue, are soothed from nervous tension, and pass into a pleasant slum ber. " The expression, "a fit of the' blues." thiiA loses its meaning. ,S aK y.