The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, October 20, 1907, Page 4, Image 4

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Nebraska 2-Cent Fare Law
Swells Passenger
Actual Average Rate Higher Than
Before Reduction on Union Pa
cific Traffic Blockade Is
Worse Than in 190 6.
OMAHA, Oct. lft. (Special.) Instead of
Ihe new two-cent railroad fare law leav
ing reduced the rates in Kebraska, It
has actually Increased the average rate
per mile In this state, according to the re
port of the Union Pacific Railroad, which
has just been filed with the State Rail
way Commission. And instead of the rail
roads having a fear of the two-cent law,
they have been laughing in their sleeves
over the diveision they have created by
kicking against the passenger rates and
drawing attention from the high freight
rates charged in the trans-Mississippi
The annual report of the Union Pacific,
which has Just been filed with' the Com
mission, proves on examination to be a
brief in behalf of the two-cent fare. Since
the new law was enacted, the Union Pa
cific and other Nebraska railroads are
charging full two cents per mile, as per
mitted by law. No excursion rates, no
reduced fare, no commutation tickets of
any kind and in fact nothing less than a
straight two-cent fare ticket Is sold An'
Nebraska. But the report which has
Just been made public show? that last
Jear the average passenger traveled in
Nebraska at the rate of 1.96 cents :for
each mile, a rate actually lower than that
which Is now charged by the railroads
under the new law.
Receipts Actually Increase.
And one of the results of this increased
rate is that the passenger receipts of the
Union Pacific for four months of 1907
are $SO0O per month greater than for the
same period of 190 under the previous
rate. The Commission believes a thor
ough examination of the report will de
velop still greater profits - under the
hew law and. the rate expert employed by
that body is now searching the report for
traces of manipulation of the figures In
an effort to convince the people that the
new law is "confiscatory" and is working
a hardship on the railroads.
And while the two-cent fare has ' in
creased the rate paid by passengers, it
has also immensely increased the number
of travelers, so that Western railroads
have profited both In price and In the
volume of, business.
More Business Than Can Handle.
This volume of business Is the largest
in the history of the Western railroads.
Despite the calamity and poverty
"howls" of Nebraska railroads, every
road west of the Missouri In this por
tion of the country has more business
than it can handle. Every passenger
train is filled to the aisles, and freight
is congested at every terminal and
division point to a degree never before
known. Already the freight blockade Is
almost as bad as during the worst tie-up
of last year and railroads say it is only
a question of the time when snow falls
before the tie-up will be complete.
Since the new rate went into effect,
the Union Pacific has added several new
trains between Omaha and Ogden, and
has under contemplation the addition of
et another train both east and west.
The local trafflo has Increased to such a
point that the great overland trains of
the road have been compelled to do local
business between Omaha and Cheyenne
in order to help out the strictly local
trains, which are simply swamped with
Takes Engine From Railroad.
The Burlington Is fixed no better than
the Union Pacific In the way of being
able to care for Its patrons, and Is also
demonstrating that the two-cent fare
was the best thing that ever happened
to the Western railroads. Actually re
ceiving more per mile than under former
conditions, the Burlington is also having
its trains filled as they never were under
the old prices. Every" piece of motive
power and every coach on which the
wheels will turn, and that Is owned by
the Burlington, have been placed in com
mission. The "graveyard," where broken
down locomotives are sent -after their
time of service Is over, has been robbed,
and old broken-down engines' which were
sent to the scrap heap 10 to 15 years ago
have been resurrected and rebuilt and
are now doing duty hauling passencer
and freight trains across the prairies.
On down through the 11st, every rail
road with a mils of track in Nebraska Is
feeling the effect of the "reduced" fare,
which Is really a "boosted" fare for the
' No More Reduced Rates.
The reduction has been turned into a
"boost" by the cutting off of passes and
cut and special rates, which were below
the rate now fixed by law. Under the
new law, the railroads cannot sell tickets
to any one passenger at less than two
cents without selling to all comers at the
same rate, so that practically every pas
senger on the Nebraska railroads is pay
ing full two cents for each mile traveled.
The few passes Issued to employes and
their families constitute all the reduced
rates in the state, so that with tickets
being sold at an advance and the num
ber of passengers largely Increased, the
Nebraska railroads' cry of poverty and
the failure of the two-cent law has
proven without foundation.
The report of the Union Pacific having
proven such a "boost" for the rate laws,
the official reports of the Burlington,
Northwestern and other Nebraska Jines
are awaited with much interest 'by the
State Railway Commission.
Law Granting Increased Salaries
Does Not Yet Take Effect.
OLYMPIA. Oct. 19. (Special.) The
State Supreme Court - today decided
that members of the State Board of
Control cannot receive the $3000 salary
authorized by the last Legislature, but
must continue to serve for $2000 a year
until their terms expire. The decision
will also probably prevent the Fish
Commissioner, Mine Inspector and La
bor Commissioner receiving the In
creased salary authorized by the last
The decision was in the action
brought by J. H. Davis, of the board,
for a writ of mandamus to compel the
State Auditor to Issue salary war
rants at the higher rate. The conten
tion was that the new law, which
doubled the duties of the members of
the board, repealed the old law. Under
this belief Governor Mead reappointed
the old members of the board. The
Supreme Court, in its decision, says:
The Intent of the constitution Is plain and
unmistakable and the whole act convinces
us that It was not the Intent of the Legis
lature to create a new office or repeal the
old law, but simply to amend the law with
respect to the amount of salary and with
respect to the added duties and powers.
The case falls plainly within the Inhibition
of the constitution In relation to increasing
the salary of public officers and the Auditor
was Justified In refusing to issue the war
rants. The writ Is dented.
Fearing; for His Own Safety, He
Turns Weapon Upon Himself.
ROSLYN, Wash., Oct. 19. (Special.)
In a rage of Jealousy. John Schwab, a
young Slavonian, of this city, yesterday
evening shot and instantly killed his
young wife and then turned the weap
on upon himself, with the result that
he also died In a few hours. The young
people had only been married two
months and report has it that the hus
band was insanely Jealous of his
young bride. Owing to her persistence
in speaking to old acquaintances they
quarreled, apd in his rage he took the
1 1 f o of his companion and, seized with
fright for his own safety, turned the
weapon upon himself.
Road Shown to Be Merger Does
Good Business During Year Re- .'
ports Six Killed, 17 Injured.
OLTMPIA. Wash.,-Oct. 19. The Spo
kane & Inland Empire Railroad Com'
pany has filed its first annual report with
the State Railroad Commission covering'
the year ending June 30, 1907.
The report shows this company was
organized January 16, 190S, and is a prac
tical merger by reason of its ownership
of the entire capital Mock of the follow
ing companies: Cuoer d'Alene & Spokane
Railway Company, Spokane & Inland
Railway Company, Spokane Terminal
Company and Spokane Traction Com
pany. The total number of stockholders
Is 420. The company operates 123V4 miles
aside fcora its streetcar lines in Spokane.
The company has 20,000,000 capital of
which half is preferred stock. The total
amount Issued and outstanding Is 49,733,900
common and $4,621,000 preferred, and on
the preferred stock a V per cent divi
dend was declared during the year. Of
an authorized Issue of $16,000,000 mort
gage bonds, the company has Issued $418,-
000 of 5 per cent obligations of which
$4,216,000 Is now. outstanding. Capital
stock represents $99,121.45 and bonds rep
resent $31,214.46 or a total of $130,335.90 per
mile of line. The total cost of the road
to June 30. 1907. is given at, for con
struction, $12,981,741.69 and fofc equipment,
$959,725.18, or a total of $13,941,466.87 or at
the rate of $112,886.35 per mile.
Gross earnings from operations of the
entire line for the year aggregated $478,-
784.08 less operating expenses of $259,604.80,
leaving a net Income from pperatlon of
$219,179.28. To this was added $189,204.66,
net income from the city traction lines
$37,864.37. interest received from funds
loaned $146,687.24, rent of buildings $4652.96,
and there was also added $60 earnings as
Interest on bonds owned by the company
of the Spokane Country Club. This made
a total net Income from all sources of
$408,443.84. From this the company paid
$7500 In taxes, a dividend aggregating.
$91,940, and interest on funded debt of
$146,992.89, leaving the surplus for the year,
$162,010.95. .
A summary of the expenses of the
entire line shows $29,461 for maintenance
of way and structure, $19,959 for mainten
ance of equipment, $176,100 for conducting
transportation, and $34,083 for general ex
penses, which aggregate 54.22 per cent
of the earnings of the entire line.
None of the equipment of the company
is mortgaged. The entire line employs
182 men at an average compensation of
$3.01 per day. The road carried a total of
676.412 passengers, receiving a revenue of
$274,781, or a little more than 4)b cents
per passenger or about 18 mills per pas
senger per mile. It carried 194.683 tons of
freight receiving $144,252. This was an aver
age of about 72.6 cents per ton, or less than
2 cents per ton per mile. The income of
operation of a mile of road was thus $1774.
The company added seven locomotives
during the year and now has 12 in service,
added 22 cars to the passenger service.
making 50 in use, added 74 boxcars and 40
fiats to the freight equipment, making 318
freight cars in service, and uses in com
pany work one caboose It owns, one
officer car, 19 gravel cars and 19 -cabooses
owned by other roads. The total cars
owned by the company are 396. It has
used 2002.3 tons of bituminous coal In
its freight locomotives, an average of 85
pounds per mile run, and paid an average
of $6 a ton for the fuel.
It reports four employes killed and ten
Injured, four passengers injured, two
other persons killed and three injured
during the year.
An interesting feature of the report Is
that covering the physical characteristics
of the portion of the road in this state.
This shows that on 102 miles there is an
aggregate of 280 curves, 50 ascending
grades and 36 descending grades and
about 66 miles of absolutely straight track
and about 21 miles Is level track.
Gladys Crocket Gouraud Granted a
Divorce From Husband.
SAN FRANCISCO, Cal.. Oct. 19. (Spe
cial.) A dispatch from Sioux Falls an
nounces that a divorce was granted to
day to Powers Gouraud from Gladys
Crocker Gouraud. The story Involves a
long chain of matrimonial incidents in
which the world at large and California
in particular has taken interest for sev
eral years. The fair divorcee is the
daughter of Amy Crocker-Ashe-GIlliig-Gouraud
. by her first husband. Porter
Ashe, of this city, and by her marriage,
three years ago, to Powers Gouraud be
came sister-in-law to her own mother,
who some time earlier--was married to
Jackson Gouraud, a brother of Powers.
The family and career of Amy Crocker
are a part of California history.
Mayor Vetoes Ordinances.
Mayor Lane yesterday vetoed the
ordinance appropriating $1121.72 in
payment of a claim of Fralney & Keat
ing for the . improvement of Main
street between King and Chapman.
The Mayor in his veto message sug
gests that the controversy over the le
gality of this claim be settled by a
friendly suit in the courts. Another
ordinance, providing for the vacation
of a portion of an alley entering into
Vaughn street, was also vetoed by
Mayor Lane yesterday. In returning
this measure to the Council -with his
disapproval, the Mayor submitted a
message holding that the wholesale
vacation of streets, alleys and public
property in the Interest of private in
dividuals without commensurate re
turns accruing to the city is contrary
to the best Interests of the municipality.
Radical Change in Canal Plans
' Proposed.
Metzger saves you money on .watches.
Vessels Already Building Would
Crowd Limit and Commissioner
Rousseau Recommends Cbange
Before Work Goes Too Far.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 19. The locks of
the projected Panama Canl must be
wider than they were originally planned,
in the opinion of the naval member of
the' Isthmian Canal Commission, Lieuten
ant and .Civil Engineer H. H. Rousseau,
who arrived In Washington today direct
from the Isthmus. It is presumed that
he bore this message from the Commis
sion Itself, although that -fact could
not be determined owing to the departure
of fhe officer from Washington for New
Tork only a few hours from the time of
his arrival in this city. Just sufficient
time here in fact to enable him to lay
his message before Secretary Metcalf.
Undoubtedly exigencies supplemented by
the bulldlwg of the giant Cunarder Lusi
tanla were the basis for the projected
change of plans, which will Involve the
expenditure of many millions of dollars
and perhaps the extension of the time
estimated for the completion of the canal
project. It is also probable that the mere
suggestion of such a considerable change
of plans as that proposed by Lieutenant
Rousseau will precipitate a general de
bate In Congress and reopen tne whole
issue of sea-level versus lock canal,
which was believed to have been finally
settled by President Roosevelt and Sec
retary Taft when they gave the order
for beginning work on the lock canal
Point for Sea-Level Argument.
The fact Is that, when Congress was so
warmly discussing the two plans, project
ed about two years ago, the sea-level
canal advocates made the point that this
was the only plan that would have suf
ficlent elasticity to meet the needs of
rapidly growing tonnage In marine con
struction. Their plans Involved the use
f but one lock, merely to offset the tidal
difference between the eastern ana west
em seas on a comparatively low and in
significant lock, which- could be easily
widened when required. But they made
a strong point of the difficulty, expense
and loss of time in the use of the -canal
that would allow the attempt to widen
the complicated and massive locks re
quired for the high-level canal.
-Possibly for the purpose of easing
the force of that argument, the Canal
Commission apparently feels that It
would be wise to make the locks of
the canal wide enough. In the begin
ning to accommodate the giant ships,
not only of the navy but of the mer
chant marine, that. are sure to be con
structed in the near ; future. The
three commissions which have dealt
with the- detailed plans of the canal
have each In turn been Impressed with
the necessity for enlarging the capa
city of the projected waterway and
each commission has not hesitated to
Increase' the width of the canal prisms
and the siae of the locks from those
planned by Its predecessors.
Hard Work to Widen Locks.
Now, the last commission goes even
beyond this by revising Its own plans
before they have got beyond that point
in execution where it is possible to
do so without actual waste of money.
For up to this point substantially all
of the work that has been done upon
the has been on the canal
prisms In the p-ren t Ciitahro nf v. -
20-odd miles of lowlands and in the
oottom or tne narbors. Only the
ground has been cleared and the holes
dug for the great flights of locks inci
dent to the plan, so that it is merely a
mutter of widening these foundations
that Is Involved In the last proposition.
Fortunatelv. thft canal nrkm Itaalf
Jected In the plans now under e-ecu-i
nun, win proDaDiy De wide enough at
the narrowest point In the Culobra sec
tion from Las Cadas to near Paraiso.
a distance of 4.7 miles, where the min
imum width is 200 feet through rock
But. the locks t-hmnlvAa A(tnBii..
planned by this last commission to be
ieei wng ana ivv feet wide at
Gatun, were subsequently extended by
the engineers In their-, plan to a width
of 600 feet and a length of 1000 feet.
It Is a simple engineering task to in
crease the width and depth ef the canal
prism nt any time, while the canal is
in operation, but the locks cannot be
broadened without gcrinimiv trt.ryi
with the operation of the canal and a
(treat expense, owing to their duplicate
Ships Already Near Limit.
Already the dimensions of these locks
are being closely approximated by naval
ships actually built or building, and it Is
regarded as certain that the Atlantic
lines will In the near future build re-eat
turbine ships, which could never pass
through the locks as heretofore planned,
and so would be well-nigh useless as
naval auxiliary ships in time of war. The
famous British battleship Dreadnaught,
now floating, measures 83 feet in the
beam, and our own Delaware class, two,
ships of which class are buildir will
measure 86.8 feet beam. The 25,obo-ton
ship which our naval designers are talk
ing about submitting to Congress will
measure 88 feet In the clear, which would
leave only six feet clearance at the sides
of the locks under the existing designs.
These facta have been laid before Mr.
Metcalf. and It will Via fn. 1, 1 . ,.
' ii uituie
some recommedatlon to the President in'
tne matter, uetalls of yie new plans
cannot he obtained at " present, but the
change is said to be costly, though of
its necessity few naval officers have any
doubt. .
Charles Edward Ruffner Tired ol
Being a Wedded Bachelor.
SACRAMENTO, Cal., Oct. 19. (Special.ll
Charles Edward Ruffner. whose suit for
the annulment of nls marriage was called
today, is in a predicament. He knows,
according to his testimony, that he mar
ried Edith Lester in Dayton. Nev., last
July, but he does not remember why. He
says that a constable . and an uncle of
the girl took him to Dayton, while he was
intoxicated and told him if he did not
marry the girl they would do something,
he could not remember Just what, and he
consented upon the promise of the wom
an that she would get a divorce as soon
as possible. The County Clerk had lost
his license book and a license was type
written, and Ruffner supposed he was
married all right. He had never wronged
the girl, he says, and since the marriage
ha has not seen her and Is tired of being
a married bachelor. An effort will be
made to locate somebody In Nevada "who
knows something of the case.
"OU can get almost any overcoat
style you want here; Top oat,
Overcoat or a Raincoat as shown
in the picture, which is really an im
portant part of a man's outfit; it fills
the place of an overcoat as well as a
rain shedder. -
We are exclusive agents for
Hart, Schaffner & Marx Clothes
a a i ii u u a i
Copyright 1907 by Hart Schaffner fc? Marx
Sam'l Rosenblatt 6 Co
. Corner Third and Morrison Streets
Quits Drinking, bnt Refuses to Con
verse With Wife Further Than to
Utter Unintelligible Grunts.
CHICAGO, Oct, 19. (Special.)
Adolf Fielder, father . of eleven chll
dren, eight fit whom are dead, has de-
fied Judge McKenzie Cleland. , ot the
Municipal Court, who has let him out
on probation. He was recently brought
Into court on complaint of his wife,
who charged him with excessive
drunkenness. The Jiidg'e put him on
probation and the man quit drinking,
but developed a sullen attitude
towards his wife, refusing to speak to
her. Yesterday she brought him Into
court to make the regular report on
his conduct to the Judge. She said
her husband had quit drinking, but
would not talk to her.
Judge Cleland . ordered Fielder to
talk pleasantly to his wife for 30 min
utes each day, doing the talking all
at one time or spreading it over the
24 hours, ar he saw fit Failing in
this, the Judge said, he would order
him Into court and force him to talk
there to -his wife for three hours
steady, and if this did not suffice, he
would double -the punishment. On the
way home Mrs. Fielder endeavored to
open conversation, but received no re
sponse. .
This morning she prepared an appe
tizing breakfast and tried to get her
husband to talk, but all she got for
her pains were unintelligible grunts.
Unless he talks for half an hour be
fore o'clock tomorrow morning he
will be under the ban of the court.
"I would almost rather have him
drink than be so stingy with his talk."
said his wife tonight. "I believe, how.
ever.' that I will win both ways. The
death of eight of our children de
pressed him until he drank, to excess,
but he has quit that, and I believe he
will soon, begin to talk."
Hy Eilers returned from San Francisco
last night after an absence of two months
from Portland.
C. H. Hamilton, of the shipping llrra
of Shubach &. Hamilton, of Seattle, was
a visitor in Portland last week.
OREGON CITY, Or., Oct. 19. (Special.)
Mr. and Mrs. George A. Harding, who
have been making an extensive sojourn
in the East, will return home tomorrow
night. They left Oregon City in August
and have seen nearly all of the principal
cities -of the Bast since that time.
Assessment Values Trebled.
ST. HELENS, Or., Oct. 19. (Special.)
'The assessed valuation of Columbia
County Is J16.788.40. against J5.000.000
last year. All property has been as
sessed as nearly as possible at Its full
valuation, but the great Increase Is
due to the cruising of the timber. The
Northern Pacific is assessed at $65,000
per mile, and the Astoria. & Columbia
River $30,000 per mile.
Hassalo Hits Floating Tog.
ASTORIA, Or., Oct. 19. (Special.)
early hour this morning the steamer
Hassalo struck a floating log. One of
the vessel's rudders and half of an
other was broken, but her wheel was
not injured. While the accident de
layed the steamer for several hours,
she left during the forenoon for Port
land, where she will be repaired.
Northwestern People in the East.
NEW YORK Oct, 13. (Special.)
Northwest people registered at New
York hotels:'
From Portland W. E. Clark, at the
From Seattle Q. E. Davis, at the
Bartholdi; B. E. Kareke, at the Union
Square; Mrs. F. Gates, at the Empire;
P. Holmes, at the Grand Union.
From Tacoma J. F. Murphy and
wife, at the Breslln; J. Snyder, at the
From Walla Walla O. G. Parker and
wife, -at the Imperial.
From Spokane C. E. Flagg, at the
Grand Union.
" From Eugene Dr. C. W. Lowe, at
the Bartholdi.
From Aberdeen Mrs. A.' I. Daven
port, at the Murray Hill.
Unloads Coal at Astoria.
ASTORIA, Or., Oct. 19. (Special.)
The French bark Brlzeux completed
discharging 600 tons of coal at the
Sanborn dock this evening and will
probably leave up the river tomorrow.
Red Cross shoes for women. Rosenthal's.
The Perfect Truss."
Old atytfi. allow- "Perfect" tniM,
lnir Intestine to - clotting both ou-
protrude through ening.
Inner opening.
Made for Comfort
Made. to order, to follow natural
lines of the Inguinal Canal ad
justable pad Perfect and complete
retention of the Hernia. Call, write
or 'phone Main 273, A 3916.
No. 4 Sixth St.. Bet Oak and Fine.,
Portland, Oregon.
Pimples Stopped
in 5 Days
Every Possible Skin Eruption Cured
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Most treatments for the blood and for
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No matter what you suffer from, pim
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Mich. .-
Welch s for
Correct Fall Clothes;
Clothes with quality,
style and workman
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Agents -for
Delcroft $5 Hat
The Lee $3 Hat
The right kind
SI to $3.50
College Hats'
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Near Fourth St.