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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
Pages 1 to 12
VOL- XXVI. NO. 37.
PORTLAND, OREGON,. SUNDAY MORNING,
SEPTEMBER 15, 1907. PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Says Competition Is
AGE OF COMBINATION COME
Declares Roosevelt Condemns
TRANSITION IN PROGRESS
Chairman of Interstate Commission
Expresses Startling Opinion to
Railroadmen Interprets the
President's Views on Trusts.
C HICAGO, Sept. 14. (Special.) "To my
mind, the most mischievous and mistaken
legislation in the history of our country
is the 6herman anti-trust law. because
It recognl7.es. anil is based upon the ex
ploded economical theory that competi
tion is the life of trade."
This statement was made today by
Martin U Knapp, chairman of the Inter
state Commerce Commission, in an ad
dress before the annual convention of the
American Association of Freight Traffic
"Only one man, and ho the President
Of the United Btates," he continued, "has
dared to tell the people of the nefarious
character of this legislation, to tell them
that we have advanced beyond the point
where unrestrained competition Is a bless
ing; who has the courage to point out
the blighting effects of this act and to
call attention to the commercial and eco
nomic necessity for the restraint of the
Bavagery of competition."
Mr. Knapp'a remarks were listened to
by .prominent traffic men of every por
tion of the country, representing fully
three-fifths of the railway mileage of the-j
United States. Coupled with his denun
ciation of the act passed to prevent com
bination and thereby Insure' competition
1 among carriers, were statements that this
was an era of combination and. that ulti
mately nil the great industries of the
world would be In the hands of corpora
tions. It was Mr. Knapp's new doctrine of so
cial economy that combination and Its re
sultant monopoly In some form followed
the Increase of the transportation and
distributing facilities in geometrical ra
tio. Whether combination and so-called
trusts would prove a good thing for the
world, the speaker was unable to say,
but he felt that the problem could bo
safely left In the hands of the people,
with the assurance that the present was
a transition period to the certain com
ing of a world-wide federation, a com
mercial millennium. In which strife
would give way to kindly assistance, and
hatred to brotherly love.
BOYCOTT DISHONEST ROADS
Radical Measures Adopted by Mag
nates to Stop Car Shortage.
N"EW YORK, Sept: 14. (Special!) By
the use of a rigid boycott on unscrupul
ous lines and by the elimination of in
sidious preferences to favored shippers,
the latter declared to be worse than open
rebntes, the railway magnates of the East
propose to make a strenuous effort to re
duce the Impending Fall car shortage,
which admittedly Is threatening the in
dustries of the entire country.
In this important movement the men
Who control nearly seven-tenths of all the
railway mileage In the United States have
determined to ask the Interstate Com
merce Commission to assist by placing
Its approval on some of the measures that
will be adopted. With this end in view,
several Important conferences are to be
held, probably at Chicago, between Com
missioner Franklin K. Lane and J. W.
Mtdgley, who has been trying at the re
fluent of the railway magnates to correct
the evils of car division and detention or
retention. In the coming meetings Mr.
Mldgley will place before Mr. Lane a
School Opens Tomorrow.
detailed plan,' which has received the ap
proval of Messrs. Hill. Harrlman, Morgan
The difficulty lies in carrying out the
plan, and this accounts for the fact that
the railroads deBire the approval and the
moral support of the Commission. "Boy
cott" Is an ugly term that people do not
generally like, but In this case Mr. Midg
ley insists that It is the only means of
preventing unscrupulous roads from malt
ing dishonest use of "foreign" cars, mean
ing those that belong to another road.
It therefore Is proposed to refuse to enter
into Joint tariffs with the lines that mis
use "foreign" cars and. to accomplish
this, an organization o'f executive offi
cials of all the big systems has been
Such a boycott would, as a matter of
course, result In a prolonged howl from
shippers, who hitherto have enjoyed the
"reconslgnment" privilege", and who would
declare that the withdrawal of participa
tion In many existing through tariffs
would greatly Injure existing commercial
INDICTED FOR GIVING PASSES
Mississippi Railroads Accuse Com
mission of Asking Them.
JACKSON. Miss., Sept. 14. The
county grand Jury today returned In
dictments against the Illinois Central
and Yazoo & Mississippi Valley Rail
roads for Issuing passes to persons not
entitled to them In accordance with a
law that has been on the statute books
of the state since 1S84. The State
Railroad Commission was brought into
the case by tho assertion that the
passes were Issued at the request of
members of that body.
YEARN FOR STATEHOOD
LEADERS IX NEW MEXICO MOVE
Republicans Ask Governor to Call
Convention and He Promises Sup
port if Roosevelt Approves.
SANTA FE, N. M Sept. 14. (Special.)
Delegate Andrews, . National Committee
man, Lunar H. O. Bursum, Chairman of
the Republican Central Committee, ex
Unlted States Attorney Chllders, Judge A.
L. Morrison, General John F. Victoria a
Democrat, Postmaster Walters and other
Citizens today called upon Governor Curry
to urge him to call a constitutional con
vention within two months so that a
constitution may be drafted, submitted
and adopted by the people before Con
gress meets after- the holidays, with a
plea for admission to statehood. It Is
proposed to call together the delegates
elected to draft the constitution under the
Joint statehood plan a year ago, most of
whom have expressed willingness . to
serve without compensation.
Governor Curry declared himself in
hearty accord with this plan and promised
to take action after his return from a
consultation with President Roosevelt.
Within the past few days nearly every
newspaper in New Mexico has come out
in favor of holding, a constitutional
convention this Fall and sentiment for
statehood Is practically unanimous.
Democratic Chairman Opposes.
LAS VEGAS. N. M.. Sept 14. (Special.)
A Jones, chairman of the Democratic.
Territorial Central Committee, announced
today that he would oppose the calling of
a convention to draw up a constitution
for presentation to1 the next Congress as
a basis for an application for separate
MASTER OP STANDARD OIL
CANNOT BE WITNESS.
Doctor Says lie Is Too III to Appear
in Court Witnesses Called to
BOSTON, Mass., Sept. 14. Several
prominent business men of New Bedford
have been summoned to appear before
the Supreme Court here on Monday next
to give testimony as to the physical con
dition of Henry H. Rogers, of New York,
who has been declared by a physician to
be unable to appear in court.
The persons summoned include Walter
P. Winsor, president of the First Na
tional Bank, and Rufus A. Soule, ex
president of the Massachusetts Senate.
The object is to determine whether Mr.
Rogers is physically able to appear In
connection with a $50,000,000 suit brought
against him by C. M. Raymond, which
was continued Indefinitely J upon the tes
timony of a physician that Mr. Rogers
was physically unable to be present and
would not be able to attend , to business
for at least three months.
Something Is I.lkely to Happen to
. the rlain l'eople rresenlly. .
Straus' Plan for Nobel
USE FOR ROOSEVELT'S GIFT
Permanent Body to Reconcile
Capital and Labor.
MAY END PENDING STRIKES
Trustees Will Soon Meet and Adopt
Basis for Creating Counterpart
of Hague TribunalAn
nual Prize Suggested.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Sept 14.
(Special.) Oscar S. Straus, Secretary
of Commerce' and Labor, will call a
meeting: within the next two or three
weeks of the trustees and committees
under them who are to establish the
foundation for the promotion of in
dustrial peace. The Secretary regards
tho work Involved of carrying to con
summation the idea of President
Roosevelt in creating at Washington a
tribunal that will bear the same rela
tion to international industrial peace
that The Hague tribunal bears to In
ternational peace, as among the most
Important with which It Is his duty to
deal. The public heretofore has been
apprised only partially of the broad
scope of the movement about to be
launched. Details given by Mr. Straus,
who has Just resumed his official
duties at the capital, therefore are of
Purpose of Roosevelt's Gift.
When the Norwegian Parliament's
committee last year awarded the
Nobel peace prize under the last will
and testament of Alfred Bernard
Nobel, of Sweden, to Theodore Roose
velt, the latter, in accepting-, sent the
following message to the authorities
"After much thought, I have con
cluded that .the best and most fitting
way to apply the amount of the prize
is by using it as a foundation to es
tablish at Washington a permanent In
dustrial peace committee. v
"The object will be to strive for bet
ter and more equable relations among
my countrymen who are engaged,
whether as xnpitallsts or as wage
workers, in industrial and agricultural
pursuits. This will carry out the pur
pose of the founder of the prize, for
in modern life It Is as important to
work for the cause of just and right
eous peace in the industrial world as in
the world of nations."
Permanent Industrial Court.
Subsequently the United States Con
gress, at Its last session, passed an act to
establish the Foundation for the Promo
tion of Industrial Peace with the Nobel
award, In accordance with the President's
Mr. Straus expects a ready response to
the request for a fund sufficient to pro
vide an Income to carry forward the work
In hand and, when the trustees and com
mittee of nine assemble here for their
first meeting in the near future, it is be
lieved that important steps at once will
be taken to prevent further clashes be
tween capital and labor.
The central Idea Is to have a permanent
body composed of men representing all
elements,' in which capital and labor and
the general public will have absolute con
fidence. When differences arise, they wtll
be presented to this body, whose Judgment
it is believed, will be final and binding on
every Interest Involved in the controversy.
Offer Prize Like Nobel's.
It is not Improbable that the Nobel idea
of giving an annual prize to the person
who accomplishes most in the direction
of promoting1 the fraternity of American
citizens will be adopted as soon as the
foundation fund warrants the award, just
as under the terms of Dr. Nobel's will a
prize be awarded to the person who shall
have most or best promoted the fraternity
of Nations, the abolition or diminution of
PEACE TB BUNA
HARRY MURPHY'S GLANCES AT PRESENT
Can This Crowbar Do the TrlckT
standing armies and the formation and
Increase of peace congresses.
There 1s a possibility that. If pending
differences between capital and labor re
remain unsettled when the trustees and
committee of nine meet a few weeks
hence, the questions involved will be sub
mitted to them for solution.
OPERATORS SHY AT HOODOO
Leave Hall With Historic Memories.
' Railroad Operators Again Help.
CHICAGO, Sept. 14. (Special.) The lost
cause of "83'.' rose like a giant specter
before the eyes of the striking telegra
phers today, when they gathered In a
hall af North Clark and Michigan streets,
andrftaused such A feeling of foreboding
that they abandoned the meeting place
and selected another across the Btreet.
It was the hall In which the operators
who walked out In 18S3 and subsequently
lost their strike, met to prepare their
plans of battle and encourage each other
to stand firm. When the oldtimers
among the keymen recalled this fact, a
sentiment was Immediately manifest in
favor of finding new quarters, and all
The meeting was well attended and
stirring speeches were made In favor of
"fighting to the finish." It was announced
.that the Chicago Teachers' Federation
had extended Its moral support and sym
pathy to strikers. All members of the
union, especially the girls, were urged
to attend union meetings, and ask for
financial support of the union.
G. Dal Jones, of the excutive board of
the local union, reported that a second
assessment is being collected from mem
bers of the Order of Railroad Telegra
phers. It Is hoped that J50.000 can be
raised In this way in ten days.
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 75
.degrees; minimum, 46 degrees.
TODAY'S Showters and cooler; southerly
Why Portugal is ruled by a dictator. Sec
tion 4. Page 8.
Lull in French church controversy soon to
end. Section 4. Page 1.
Historic event In Presbyterian Church re
called. Section 3, Page 10.
Increase of railroad accidents In . Britain.
Section 8. Page 9.
King of Slam's practical joke on Kaiser.
Section 1 Page 2.
Government irrigation tracts overrun with
speculators. Section 1. Page 4.
problem about coal suiily for battleships.
Section 1, Page 2
Secretary Straus formulating plan for In
dustrial Peace Commission. Section 1,
Page 1. ,
H. H. Rogers too ill to testify In court. Sec
tion 1. Page 1.
Three persons killed by collapse of Cincin
nati building. Section 3, Page 10.
Three families claim relation to woman and
puzzle Chicago Judge. Section 1, Page 2-
Decisive struggle for control of Zlon. Sec
tion 1, Page 2.
T'tlond one of few cities which show build
ing gain in August.. Section 1, Page 1.
Commissioner Knapp denounces Sherman
law and competitive eystem. Section i.
Railroads plan boycott on dishonest lines as
cure for car shortage. Section 1. Page 1.
Boilermakers on Hill and other roads strike.
Section 1, Page 1.
"Wellman tells how well his airship worked.
Section 1, Page 2.
Social and political jealousies aroused to
green heat by Taft's visit In Seattle.
Section 2, Page 2.
Japan wants pay for broken plate glass, but
nothing for wounded dignity. Section 2,
Prominent Seattle men hurt In auto acci
dent. Section 2, Page 2.
Forrest Smlthson takes high hurdle event at
New York. Section 2, Page 4.
Designs for yachts for cup race already pre
pared. Section 1, Page 4.
Portland defeats Oakland In pitchers bat
tle, 2-1. Section 4, Page 4.
Coast League gossip; Buck Keith may be
come McCredle's partner. Section 4,
Page 5. ,
Comment on Britt-Gans fight in San Fran
cisco. Section 4. Page 5.
Dan Kelly will not return to Oregon. Sec
tion 4, Page 4.
Referee reviews Pacific Northwest football
situation. Section 4, Page 4.
Commercial and Marine.
Oregon hops selling at 7 to 8 cents. Section
4, Page 0.
New low record for steed stocks, election 4,
Wheat stronger because of frost In Canada.
Section 4. Page 9.
Submarine signals to be Installed on Pacific
Coast. S -A' tion 4. Page 8.
Portland and Vicinity.
Louis N. Brantlach drinks carbolic acid
and dies in wife's presence, "'beet ion 2.
State Railroad Commission lias busy month
planned. Section 1. Page 10.
Minor cases to be tried before the land
fraud trials are taken up. . Section .
Germany said to b real cause of transfer
of fleet to Pacific Section 1, Page 8.
No site for garbage crematory yet selected.
Section 1, Page 10.
Large sales show strength of demand for
Portland real estate. Section 3, Page 8.
Colonists' rates and advertising campaign
attracts many settlers. Section 1, page 8.
Not the Kind of English Hospitality
You Bead About.
(STRIKE ON ROADS
Boilermakers of All
COMPANIES RESIST DEMANDS
Compromise on Wages Re
jected by Union Men.
FIVE ROADS ARE INVOLVED
Managers Tell of Attempts at Peace
able Adjustment Roads Will
Fill Strikers Places Blockade
of Traffic Aggravated.
ST. PAUL, Minn., Sept. 14. A gen
eral strike of bollermakers on the Chi
cago & Great Western, Great Northern,
Omaha, Northern Pacific and Soo Rail
roads was called today, and It is ex
pected that before night the shops of
the entire systems of those roads will
be tied up. The bollermakers are aided
in their fight by their helpers, and in
the case of the Great Western the ma
chinists in the big shops at Oelweln
went out In sympathy.
The strike of bollermakers followed
a refusal of the railroads to accede
to a demand for 45 cents an hour east
of the Missouri River and 47 cents
west of that river. This the railroads
consider to be the heaviest demand
ever made by any of their shop em
ployes. As a compromise, the railroads
offered 41 cents an hour east and
43 cents west of the Mississippi, with
the nine-hour day for both. This in
crease will be equal to 1 cents dif
ferential above the wages paid ma
chinists. The Great Western situation Is com
plicated by an alliance betweeji the
machinists and the bollermakers, and
the machinists in the big shops at Oel
weln, la., struck in sympathy. On the
lines only the bollermakers and their
helpers went out.
Of the entire number of men out the
bollermakers represent about one-third
while the rest are helpers, who had
no glevanceo. Reports at headquarters
of the roads here show that there are
out on the Great Northern, 360; Great
Western, 225; Omaha, 160; Northern
Pacific, 338, and the Soo Una at Shore
The railroad officials expect that the
strike will spread rapidly and that they
will be seriously handicapped at once.
The strike will probably extend to
the Northern Pacific shops at Tacoma
and Ellensburg and the Great Northern
shops at Spokane and Seattle on the
SAY DEMAND UNREASONABLE
Railroads Give Version of Dispute.
Will Hire New Men.
ST. PAUL, Minn., Sept. 14. (Special.)
The following version of the boiler
makers' strike was given out by the gen
eral managers of the railroads affected:
Although several of the adjustment com
mittee gave assurances at the conference
late yesterday that the terms of settle
ment of the difficulties between the union
bollermakers and the Soo Line, Omaha,
Great Northern, Northern Pacific and
Great Western railroads were satisfac
tory to them, the bollermakers of all five
railways struck this morning at 8 o'clock,
in response to orders from the officials
of district 25 of the union. The men de
mand the full amount of tho wage in
creases covered by their first representa
tions, which were for an additional 19
per cent per hour, as compared with a
year ago, and for 30 per cent per hour as
compared with two years ago. Boiler
makers' helpers, who largely outnum
bered the bollermakers, struck In sym
pathy, although except In the case of the
Great Western, they had presented no
demands for Increases.
Operating officials believe tonight
that the strike will spread to all parts
AND FUTURE EVENTS
Hnrriman Wll Snend tlOn.000.000
for Improvement and Central
Oregon Can Continue to Walk.
of the railways involved, affecting
1200 men. Following the strike order
the bollermakers at the Omaha and
Great Northern shops In St. Paul, Soo
Line shops at Shoreham. Great Wst
ern shops at Oelweln and at division
repair shops throughout the North
west laid down their tools and quit
work. Reports from distant shop
points Indicate that the strike is
spreading. It is believed that by morn
ing it will have extended to the Pa
cific Coast, and to all the Important
shops of the lines Involved.
The railways, acting in unison, pro
posed a settlement, on the basis of a
nine-hour day and 41 cents, per hour,
instead of 38 cents, east of the Mis
souri River, and 43 cents per hour.
Instead of 40 cents, west of the Mis
souri River. The settlement compre
hended the preservation of the 1
cent per hour differential between pay
of machinists and boilermakers, and in
favor of the boilermakers, which was
re-established a year ago. The nine
hour day is already in force on the
Great Northern, Northern Pacific and
Soo lines, having been granted pre
viously. The men refused the settlement, de
manding 45 cents an hour east of the Mis
souri and 47 cents west of the Missouri,
increasing the differential as compared
with machinists to 5 and 5 cents. The
boilermakers also demanded the discon
tinuance of use of certain labor-saving
tools and made further demands that cer
tain classes of related work be done here
after by members of their union at an
advance over the present cost of work of
Operating officials of the five railways
refused these terms, pointing out that for
eight years- past tho boilermakers have
led all other classes of railway labor in
the yearly percentage of increase in pay,
receiving In 1907-8 42 cents, a total In
crease of 7 cents per hour in two years.
Reports from Montana points and from
Council Bluffs Indicate a slight weaken
ing In the strike ranks -already, some of
the men having signified their willing
ness to return to work. The railways In
dicate through official channels that they
will not grant the demands of the union
and that the places of the strikers will
be filled immediately.
PORTLAND MERCHANT ARREST
ED ON BRIDAL TOUR.
Partner Was Rival for Girl and,
Losing Her, Causes Saucr's Ar
rest for Embezzlement.
DENVER. Col., Bept. 14. (Special.)
Victorious in love, but vanquished In war.
Max Sauer. of Portland. Or., who was
visiting at the Albany with hlB bride of
a week, was suddenly placed In jail,
charged with embezzling $1200. A mem
ber of the firm of Sauer & Blanchard,
wholesale and retail meat merchants of
Portland, the young man had been suc
cessful In winning the young woman who
was the object of tne attention of both
members of the firm.
Then a spirit of Jealousy arose, and
when Mr. Sauer told Mr. Blanchard that
he would be married to the young woman
a quarrel ensued. The result was that
they had to dissolve partnership and Mr.
Sauer alleges that when he drew up a
check for the amount stated Mr. Blanch
ard refused to accept It. and Mr. Sauer
left for a trip East. Arriving In Denver,
he found that Under-Sherlff Baker had
the warrant for his arrest and that his
old business partner had made the
charges against him.
Mrs. Sauer, pretty and vivacious, told
of the Jealousy that the other member of
the firm had displayed. Mr. Sauer will
be held awaiting Instructions from Port
land. The name of Max Sauer does not ap
pear In either the. city or telephone direc
tory, neither does the name of Sauer &
Blanchard. The police know nothing of
the matter, and no one of the Sheriff's
office had any knowledge of the case.
EXHUME BADY OF PERKINS
Judge Orders Question of Suicide
Decided by Autopsy.
TOPEKA, Kans., Sept. 14. Judge
Smith McPherson, sitting in the Federal
Court here tonight, ordered the body
of the late L. H. Perkins, of Lawrence,
exhumed to settle the contention of
the Mutual Life Insurance Company, of
New York, that Perkins took poison
and that it should not be compelled to
pay $1,000,000 life insurance. His de
cision was in effect as follows:
"The Marshal of this court Is di
rected to take charge of the matter of
exhuming the body of the late L. H.
Perkins.. The work shall be done and
an autopsy performed under the direc
tion of an eminent pathologist and an
eminent chemist, to be selected by
agreement by the attorneys for the
plaintiff and for the defendant."
Ho, for the state Fair!
Increase in Buildings
LARGE CITIES SHOW DECREASE
Oregon Metropolis Among the
MIDDLE WEST SHOWS GAIN
Aggregate for 42 Cities Shows LosSv
but Portland Continues to Grow.
Only a Lull in the Other
CHICAGO, Sept. 14. (Special.) Port
land still leads the North Pacific Coast
cities in the matter of building gains. Its
Increase for the month of August being
24 per cent. Spokane has only 4 per cent
ga'ln. while San Francisco suffers a loss
of 49 per cent and Los Angeles shows a
9 per cent loss.
The tide was all one way In the lnrger
cities. The decrease in New York was
16 per cent,- Brooklyn 22. Philadelphia 6.
Chicago 17, St. Louis 32 and Cleveland 8.
Pittsburg was a notable exception. It
shows a gain of 111 per cent.
Decrease Will Not Continue.
Building has been extremely active for
many years, but it is not believed that
with the prevailing high rentals it will
suffer much of a decrease or that there
will be any depression which will last for
any length of time, from tho present as
pect of affairs. Conditions In all the cit
ies mentioned are upon a basis too satis
factory to permit a long-continued period
of Inactivity In bulldlrrg.
In another class of cities, which have
not been conspicuous as active building
centers, there are material decreases, in
cluding Salt Lake City, 69 per cent; Mo
bile 66v Louisville S7, Pueblo 26. Denver
34. Washington 19.
In the Northwest building Is very active.
St. Paul had .an Increase of 69 per cent,
Minneapolis 9 and Milwaukee 9.
Summary of the Totals.
Building In 42 of the principal cities for
August shows an increase of 48 in the
number of buildings and a decrease In
cost of 11 per cent. According to official
reports to the Construction News, per
mits were taken out in August for the
construction of 12,000 buildings. Involving
a total estimated cost of $47,930,691 against
11.952 buildings, Involving $53,852,560 for the
corresponding month a year ago, an In
crease of 48 buildings and a decrease in
cost of $5,921,869, or . 11 per cent.
Of the 42 cities there were Increases in
22 up to as high as 344 per cent and losses
In 20 up to as high in one Instance as
69 per cent. It will be observed that the
losses are confined to the larger cities
and also to localities in which building
has been conspicuously active.
BALLPLAYER KILLS II
FRANCIS E. BENTLEY, OF PORT
LAND, SHOOTS SALOONMAN.
Asks for Drink and Gets It, Then
Wants More and Is Refused.
Tulls His Revolver.
BATAVIA, N. Y.. Sept. 14. Edward
Conlff, proprietor of the Byron Hotel near
Batavia. was shot and killed this after
noon by Francis E. Bentley, a profes
sional baseball player, who Is under ar
rest. Bentley claimed self-defense.
At the hotel It was said Bentley, who
had no money, demanded a drink, which
was given him. He drew a revolver, after
asking for more, and was refused. Conlff
tried to take the revolver away, and was
shot through the head. Bentley Is a mem
ber of a Portland. Or., club.
Discoverer Wellmnn Seems to Be
the Heal "Great .Foetponer."