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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
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Pages 1 to 12
VOL. XXV-XO. 46.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
IS FALLING FAST
Sun Lights Up Scene
MUCH LAND IS LAID WASTE
Houses Washed Away From
Above Stranded on Bank.
LOSS IS QUARTER MILLION
Part of Catle Rock la Still Under
Water, but Citizens Have
fcheltcr and Plenty
BY G. A. WHITE.
CASTLE ROCK, Wash., Nov. 17. (Staff
Corespondence.) The ' Cowlitz . .River . is
falling. It is apparent tonight that the
stream has spent ita force and is swirling
harmlessly down Its course through the
fertile valley a good 10 feet lower than
during Thursday and Friday, when the
entire region was In peril.
"At 4 o'clock this afternoon a bright
rainbow blazed across the sky over the
Cascades to the north a peace signal
from the warring elements. A few min
utes later the welcome sun pushed Its
way through the clouds and the people of
the Cowlitz gave a sigh of relief. Seem
ingly the hour for anxiety was past.
Barring the unexpected there will be no
further trouble for the present.
It was a sad picture of 'destruction
upon which the sun shone this afternoon.
The falling of the river only accentuated
the ruin effected by the river. Houses
were toppled over at frequent intervals
through . the length and. breadth of . the
valley. Here and there someone's home
lay against a clump of driftwood.
Much Land Under 'Water.
Thousands of acres of land yet lay
tinder from one to five feet of water. On
the Nelson ranch, two miles below Castle
Rock, two substantial frame residences
rested In debris and sand. Both were
carried down from Castle Rock during the
The first real estimate of the damage
wrought was made today. Conservatively
stated, the river's mad frolic cost the
people of the valley $250,000. The burden
of this loss falls on the lumber interests.
Lumber mills and great booms of timber
have been swept away on both sides of
the river. The loss to Castle Rock people
will aggregate about $50,000.-
Farm holders are losers in many ways.
Many head of their stock have been
drowned, a score of houses damaged or
wrecked by the Inundation and In some
Instances the fertility of the fields de
stroyed by great layers of sand, laid on
by the river. John Larson, near Ostran.
der, had a farm for which he was offered
$S0OO a few weeks ago. With hundreds of
tons of river sand scattered across his
best land, he doubts today If the place is
Voice Called for Help.
As yet there is no death list, but many
in Castle Rock believe that at least one
man lost his life before daylight Friday.
At the time the river broke through the
western part of town a group of men
in the dry districts turned their attention
to rescuing those whose homes had been
flooded. Just before daylight, when It
was thought all were safe, scores oi peo
ple hear the voice of a man calling
frantically through ..ie darkness for helD.
The voice came from the worst part of
the nooded district and a rescuing party
was at once made up. The calling be
came fainter, finally ceased and the res
cue boat returned to shore unable to lo
cate the point from where the cries pro
ceeded. Rev. A: M. McClaln is making an
effort to find if anyone Is missing from
the city. He learned of no one today.
V. .iether or not Castle Rock can be
built up as before seems doubtful at this
time. The Cowlitz has not yet retreated
from the channel which its mad torrent
plowed through the west part of town
Friday -morning. The major portion of
the river is racing through this new
course and seems bent on tearing a wider
bed, that the whole river may follow.
A number of small houses, belonging' to
laboring people, stand on the edge of this
new course and unless the river shifts
back Into the old path these homes will
be whirled down the river, possibly to
night. Castle Rock Partly Submerged.
Castle Rock generally bears a crest
fallen appearance. At the upper end of
town six houses are yet partially sub
merged. D . street is a stagnant pool,
three feet deep on the average. The resi
dents must either wade or use boats to
get in and out. About the new school
house the water iias receded leaving the
structure shaky on its foundations.
.The smith and western portions of the
place are in a more sorry plight. Four- '
teen small homes are m'arooned on an
island formed by the new channel on one
side and back water on the other. Nearly
all the houses here appear to stand well
out of danger, although In at least five
.e floors are yet carpeted wiu an Inch. or
two of muddy water.
The waterworks Is partially under
water; at the electric light plant , the
boilers are partially submerged and dam
age amounting to JTOOO done; the Black
Diamond Shingle mill is completely de
stroyed through having stood in the
course of the new channel; the Robins
shingle mill is damaged to the extent of
$10,000; 30 residences are untenable . and
seven homes have been swept down the
Citizens Not In Distress.
The greater part of the town is un
scathed, however, and there is plenty of
shelter for those who have been left tem
porarily without homes. Provisions are
plentiful. The tax on the local larder was
considerably lessened this afternoon when
the delayed Northern Pacific passenger
train- from Portland, with its 150 passen
gers, got through to Kelso and finally to
After being tied up since Wednesday the
passengers were overjoyed at the prospect
of getting out, and many shouted with
glee when Trainmaster Buckley got a
work train through during the forenoon
and said the track was clear back to Port
land. During the early part of next week it is
hoped to have the line clear to Puget
Sound. A Seattle-bound passenger is held
In check by an extensive washout six
miles above Castle Rock. The steamer
Chester bucked the river' from Kelso to
day and will attempt to transfer the pas
sengers from the washout to Kelso or
Castle Rock, where they can get trains
for Portland or ejwait-.the opening of the
line. ' '
The entire valley is already at work
remedying the damage, for It is believed,
after the ten-foot fall in the river today,
that the river will remain docile for the
Winter. The temperature Is normal and
the Chinook remains In evidence, but snow
is reported as scarce in the Cascades and
hence there seems to be no basia for panic
predictions. Fears were entertained at
Kelso. early in' the morning that the
Coweeman dam above that place might
break, but later the dam was reported
firm and normal, with no evidences of a
Land Emerges From Water.
Two Oregonlan men covered the flooded
section from Kalama to Castle Rock dur
ing the day and learned tbe precise con
dition of affairs. At daylight it was evi
dent, even at Kalama, that there had been
an extensive falling away of the floods.
Telephone poles that had been hardly visi
ble above the surface on Friday were dry
half their length. Where farmhouses had
been submerged to the eaves, north and
west of Kelso, the windows and In some
Instances the foundations were in evi
Reaching Kelso It was found that un
easiness was nearly at an end there.
Several small steamers had fire in their
boilers in readiness to take up their runs
up and down the Cowlitz. Catlln, across
the stream, was dry again, portions of
the docks being above the flood. Drift
wood appeared In smaller quantities. The
(Concluded on Paj?e 3.)
THE SWIRLIXG STREAM IN THE FOREGROUND IS THE
Safe Return Means Sil
SOPHIE WOLF IS THE BRIDE
Marry Willard Geer When
' Brother Comes Home.
HE IS DOCTOR WITH PEARY
Oregon Doctor With Peary and Sis
ter Makes Happiness of Daven-'.
port's Cousin ' Depend
NEW YORK, Nov. 17. (Special.) A ro
mance that depended on the safe return
of Lieutenant Peary's latest Arctic expedi
tion became known today, when an
nouncement was made of the engagement
of Miss Sophie Wolf, of Sllverton, Or.,
sister of Dr. Louis J. Wolf, physician 'to
the expedition,' and 'P.' Willard Geer, of
Morris Plains, N. J., cousin of Homer
Davenport, the cartoonist.
Mr. Geer and Miss Wolf ' have been
sweethearts from childhood. Their, affec
tion first manifested itself when young
Geer, then a resident of Oregon, secured a
clerkship In the etore of Adolf Wolf &
Son, of Silvertori.' Not only did the elder
Wolf take the young man Into his busi
ness establishment, but he invited him to
live at his home. While ' young Geer
chummed with Louis Wolf, he constantly
was pressing his attentions upon his
friend's sister, but his suit for her hand
was not successful. .
Too Young to Marry, She' Says.
."Walt a - while; you're too- young to
marry," Miss Wolf chlded, as Geer asked
her to promise to be his bride.
Longing to forget the scene of his un
successful love-making, Geer turned his
face eastward, and several years ago
came to New York, where he Joined his
cousin on his stock-farm at Morris
Plains. Eighteen month ago Dr. Wolf
was graduated from a medical college
and accepted an invitation , to spend sev
eral weeks with Mr. Geer at Morris
Plains. ' -
Coming to New York one morning early
in September of last year. Dr. Wolf read
in a New , York paper that Commander
Peary's expedition was lacking a physi
cian. Several had volunteered to ac
company him to the far North, but none
was accepted. ,
Joins Peary Expedition.
"I'd like to volunteer to go with Com
mander Peary," Dr. Wolf confided to his
"I think I can arrange it If you are
In earnest," replied Mr. Geer. "I know
Commander Peary; come with, me and I
will recommend you to him."
Arriving in-New York, Mr. Geer called
on the explorer and introduced! Dr. "Wolf,
who was examined and immediately ac
cepted. Dr. Wolf sailed on the Roose
velt, while Mr. Geer hurried across the
continent with farewell messages to the
young physician's family.
"I'll tell you what I'll do," Miss Wolf
said. "If Louts gets back safely, I'll
promise to marry you."
The engagement was sealed then and
there and was kept a secret until a
cablegram announced the safe arrival
of Commander Peary and his party on
the coast of Labrador. Mr. Geer was
among the first to receive a message
from Dr. Wolf. He telegraphed his
provisional fiancee. She replied:
"Am the happiest girl In the world.
PANORAMIC VIEW OF
:.y. '. A
Will, keep my promise to be. your
Mr. Geer expects to marry Just as
soon as Dr. Wolf returns to New York.
He received today this letterf rom his
fiancee's brother. -
Message From Dr. Wolf.
"Hopedale, Labrador, "Missionary
Station, Oct. 25, 1906.' We're In this
harbor repairing rudder and stern and
taking on ballast, water, wood, etc. We
expect to mall steamship in few days
or bope to get coal from her. We have
been steaming: part of the time with
wood and blubber. '
: "The Roosevelt has a few feathers
pulled out of- her tall, but she Is able
to put up a mighty good front yet. We
(Concluded on Page 3,)
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 80
degrees; minimum, 45.
TODAY'S Occasional light rain; westerly
Interior Department tainted with gigantic
' -coal land frauds. Page 1. '
Senator Pulton resents suspicion of complic
ity In land frauds and puts lawyers on
accusers' trail. Page 4. ......
Glnn, of Moro, recommended for Register
ine uaues iand unice. fage..
President Roosevelt sees Colon and starts
for Porto Rico. Page 3.
Secretary Siiaw outlines his position on the
, currency question. Page 2. ;
Servla In state of anarchy and drifting to
bankruptcy, while Crown Prince Is Insane.
Page 4. -America
and Britain may unite to stop Con
go atrocities. Page 4.
London County Council may attack electric
trust. Page 5.
Romantic marriage In Oregon will follow
return of Peary, expedition. Page 1.
Jerome says Insurance grafters '-cannot be
prosecuted. Page 4.
Standard OU directors Issue circular on Gov
ernment suit. Page 1.
Threp persons cremated In hotel lire at
Goldfleld. Nev. Page 13.
.- Floods In Northwest.
Cowllts Is falling, showing that damage to
rich valley will reach $250,000. Page 1.
Refugees In flooded valleys near Seattle are
In dire need of food. Page 2.
Loss In Yakima Valley Is estimated at $400,
000. Page. 3.
Eastern football games Yale 0, Princeton
O; Harvard 22, Dartmouth 9; Pennsylva
nia 17. Michigan 0; Cornell 2S. Skartn
, more 0: Navy 40. North Carolina 0; Carl-
Isle T. Minnesota O; Chicago 63. Illinois
u: Wisconsin zu. furaue o. fage 3tt.
Outsider, wins handicap In Oakland races.
Whitman defeats Idaho by a score of 8 to
5. Page 14.
Eastern style of play superior to that of
. west, says itereree in weeaiy tootoaii
review. Page 37.
Hill Academy defeats Columbia University,
5 to 0. Page 38.
Multnomah beats Willamette University at
iootoau. la to o. fage 30.
Murder of George Mitchell may be laid to
me aeaa Mrs. v-remeld. Page 14.
Wilbur Smith, of Portland, accidentally
Kiueo. oy close zriend on snoaiwater say
Douglas County house blown up when over
turned lamp explodes giant powder hid
den by boys. Page 15.
Professor Pernot gives results of Investlga
' tlon. of the typnold bacillus. Page 14.
Hugh Saxon and Thomas Reeves boy slay
ers of Thomas Powell, are taken to the
penitentiary, page 15.
Commercial and Marine.
Shorts In prune market caught. Page 3S.
ChK-ago wheat market lacks support. Page
New York banks hold surplus reserve. Page
. 33. , ' . . .
Increased speculation In stock market. Page
Norwegian tramp Jerhou arrives. Page 15.
Big fleet of sailing vessels barbound at As
toria, .rage id.
Portland and Vicinity.
Northern Pacific Railway to resume opera
tion of trains between Portland and the
Sound today. Page 2.
Lawmakers will consider making members
of Port of Portland elective. Page 33.
Postmaster Minto answers critic who' ques
tions postofflce regulations. Page S2.
Circuit Court decides suit of state against
Portland General Electric Company in
luvor oi aeienaani. rage B.
Outlook for hopgrowers la brighter. Page 8.
Police arrest delinquent youth for highway
robbery. Page 24.
State Woman's Suffrairist Association holds
peaceiul meeting, page 33.
Real estate sales of past week break all
recoras. page 10.-
Features and Departments.
Editorial. Page 6.
Church announcements. Page 20.
Classified advertisements. Pages 17-23.
Woman's battle for freedom in Englrfnd.
Annie Laura Miller's Japanese letters. Page
What Senator Tillman thinks of himself.
Multl-milllonalres In public life. Page 44.
Chuckwagon Cal. Page 43.
A. H. Ballard's New York letter. Page 46.
An odd freak by W. W. Jacobs. Page 48.
Book reviews. Page 49.
The John Dough mystery. Page. 50.
Religious notes. Page 49.
Social. Pages 26-27-31. ,
Dramatic Pages 34-35.
Musical. Page 28. -Household
and fashion. Page 47. v -
Youths' department. Page 51.
CASTLE ROCK SHOWING RAVAGES OF THE COWLITZ
.... A -
NEW CHANNEL OF THE COWLITZ, WHICH WAS CUT THROUGH THE WEST
CLOSE TO THRONE
Taint , Said to Touch
LAND OFFICE IS INVOLVED
Commissioner Richards Under
. Heavy Fire.
HE IS DIRECTLY ACCUSED
Secretary Hitchcock's Subordinates
Said to Have Issued Patents on '
Public Coal Lands in Wyoming
Despite Fraudulent Entries.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 17. (Special.)
Affidavits are on file with the Gov
ernment here, and have been called to
the attention cf President Roosevelt,
charging that the gigantic land frauds
whereby the Union Pacific Railroad
Company and the Union Pacific Coal
Company secured illegally coal lands
in the state of Wyoming valued at
many millions of dollars were perpet
rated with the full knowledge of the
Government Land Office, if not with
its connivance and were known, if not
tacitly assented to. by the Depart
ment of the Interior. The affidavits
are made by Artemus J. Smith, of
Smith & Bradbury, dealers in mines
and mining at Denver.
The papers are aupplemental to a
petition and other affidavits which
were filed by Mr. Smith with the Land
Office in Washington early in 1903,
and they make a demand upon the de
partment to start proceedings for the
recovery of all the sequestered lands.
The charges made by Mr. Smith are
sensational In .the extreme and call
into question the Integrity of William
A. Richards, Government Land Com
missloner, and of others high in the
employ of the Government. It was the
knowledge of the earlier charges made
by Mr. Smith which led to the invest!
gation made ' by the Interstate Com
merce Commission, recently, at Omaha,
Salt Lake City and Denver, and by
which fraudulent land deals of great
magnitude were uncovered.
In pursuing the Investigation the In
terstate Commence Commission was ex
ceedlngly careful not to uncover the
fact ' that these steals and all the de
tails connected with them, together
with names and dates and amounts
paid for perjury, had been in the pos
sccsslon of the Department of the In
terior for more than three years. Act
ing under the suggestion of Govern
ment officials, the Commission care
fully avoided exposing or making an
attack upon a co-ordinate branch of
Emboldened by the disclosures of the
Commission, Mr. Smith has again ap
pealed to the Department of the In
terior for justice, declaring that he has
a prospective interest in the lands In
question and that he desires to assert
and protect this interest.
Mr. Smith's charges may be sum
marlzed as follows: ,
Evidence of Fraud.
That on November 21, 1903, he placed
before the Department of the Interior
facts and data and offered to prove. If
given the opportunity, that a . vast
acreage of land had been and still was
being stolen from the Government, and
that little or no attention was paid
to his petition.
That, after Insistent demands and
NEW FRAUDS COM
repeated charges, M- E. Myendorff, Spe
cial .Agent of the' Land DeDartment.
,rnade an Investigation in the Kvanston
u,8"'vi, wyuming, wmcn substanti
ated the charges made by Mr. Smith.
That, Immediately thereafter, Mr.
Myendorff was transferred permanent
ly to Los Angeles. That' Mr. Smith
again protested and furnished addi
tional facts, making his appeal directly
to the Secretary of the Interior, and
that the latter official ordered Com
missioner Richards to make an investi
gation. That, although' Mr. Smith repeatedly
offered to prove his charges, he was
never notified that a hearing and an
Investigation by the Land Commission
er had been made.
'That, on December 26, 1905, a ''star
chamber" Investigation was made at
Evanston, Wyo., during - which only
witnesses in the employ of the Union
Pacific coal Company were called 'and
were secretly, heard. . .. ."
That almost Immediately after this
hearing, and on the very day the De
partment received a- determined pro
test from Mr. Smith, together with sub
stantiating facts, patents were issued
, to stoln land Valaed- at more ' than
i.ooo.ooo. ' . .
Regarding his attemDts to arouse th
Government and secure" its aid in pre
venting these, frauds. Mr., Smith says:
"I reluctantly charge the General Land
Office, with all Its helps and the Gov
ernment, with failing to keep faith
with me and by a system of Drocrastl-
nation and indifference .compelling me
to resort to such Indirect methods as
the records which thesn rrooeedine-s
Controls Land Office. '
'"I make the bold assertion that (ho
is now In the records of this case In the
general land office an affidavit that .car
ries the aspersldli that this arm of the
Government is controlled by the corpora
tions known as the Union Pacific Railway
Company, the Union Pacific Coal Com
pany and the Superior Coal Company. I
do not give much credence to this sworn
statement and only refer to it so that I
may De Justified In my belief that I am the
victim of misplaced confidence, when I
appear before the rfpnartmAnt an an
American citizen to ask for recognition."
Accuses V. P. Coal Company.
In connection with the land frauds
which are now being considered by the
Federal grand jury In Salt Lake City,
Mr. Smith, under oath, chars-es Dver O.
Clark, vice-president of the Union Pa
cific Coal Company, and brother of
United States Senator Clark, of Wyoming,
George L. Black, superintendent of the
company, William A. Gifford, agejjt of
tne company, and George Mossholder
with subornation of perjury in procuring
people to file fraudulently on Government
lands and then to turn them over to
the coal company,, which is owned by the
Union Pacific Railroad Company. Re
garding his efforts to obtain assistance
from the Department of the Interior, Mr.
"I appealed in vain In 1903. I have con
tinued my appeals up to and including the
present. I have spent a vast sura of
money I could ill afford. I have striven
to get my petition to the foot of the
throne. I have failed, and, almost dis
consolate and broken-hearted, I have at
last reached the ear of the Honorable
Secretary of the Interior."
PAT CROWE'S NEW GRAFT
Judge Who Tried Him Warns People
Xot to Bite.
OMAHA. Nov. 17. (Special.) In a letter
to Judge Mack, of the Chicago Juvenile
Court, Judge Sutton, who presided at the
trial of Pat Crowe for the kidnaping of
young Cudahy, has put a quietus on
Crowe's latest scheme of reforming and
starting clubs for boys in Chicago. He ex
presses an earnest hope that Chicago
business men will not be beguiled Into
contributing to Crowe's scheme, saying It
Is merely a ruse to get money to spend in
debauchery. Judge Sutton says he has
known Crowe for18 years, and has no
faith In his protestations of reform.
"In: my opinion." he says, "Crowe Is one
of the most dangerous men in the United
States, and the most dangerous one at
large today in the country. I would no
more think of letting a child under my
control pass under his than I would think
of sending a child to live with a friend
In the penitentiary."
' J- : , '
' vA-"''':--:'L.::-:":':y.vLVV' -'
PART OF THE TOWN.
OIL TRUST SAYS 1
POSITION IS SAFE
orally and Legally,
CONFIDENT ; OF VINDICATION
Armed With Virtues Glad to;
Go Before Court.- 1
PLACES TRUST IN. JUDGES
Directors Issue Circulars to Share- .
holders, ' Affirming Goodness of ,
Standard and Saying It's.
Just Like Other Trusts. 1
NEW YORK. Nov. 17. The directors of ;
the Standard Oil Company issued anothei '
circular today to the stockholders of the ,
company, saying that the company's po
sition is unassailable, from both a legal '
and a moral standpoint. The circular :
"26 Broadway, New York, Nov. 17, 19ns. .
"To the Shareholders of the Standard Oil
"Regarding the suit this day commenced
in the United States Court at St. Louis,
in which It is sought to prevent the .
Standard Oil Company (of New Jersey)
from holding any stocks of other com
panles, your directors are entirely con- '
vlnced that the company's position is un
assailable, both from a legal and a moral
standpoint. We are confident that In the
proceedings which will follow the com
pany will successfully maintain its po
sition upon the merits and vindicate It
before the public and the law.
Glad to Get Into Court.
"While your directors feel that there Is
no adequate reason for such a suit, either
in the organization or the conduct of the
business, yet under the circumstances 11
Is perhaps better for your Interests and
the business Interests of the country that
the controversy should be removed to the
Judicial atmosphere of the courts in
whose integrity and wisdom every; citizen
should have the fullest confidence where
mere allegations must give way to legal
"The present organization waa formed
after an exhaustive consideration of the
legal and business problems Involved. It
has existed unchallenged for many year.
Everything relating to it has been a mat
ter of public report and in every step the
utmost care has been observed to con
duct the business.honestly and fairly and
in accordance with not only the spirit
but the technical requirements of the law.
Legitimate and Normal.
"The legal organization of your-eom-pany
is of essentially the same nature
and character as that of the other Im
portant industrial Interests of the coun
try, and the continuous growth and ex
pansion of Its business have been legiti
mate and normal. It Is not to be lightly
assumed that there Is to be a reversal
of the wheels of progress or a destruc
tion of the foundations of the great in
dustrial business of the country.
"You may be assured that In this liti
gation, as in all matters affecting the
company, your directors will see that the
proper steps are taken to protect your
"By order of the board of directors.
(Signed) "C. M. PRATT. Secretary." "'
Lipton Sails for Home.
NEW YORK, Nov. 17. Sir Thomas Lip
ton sailed for home today on the steamer