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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
PAGES 1 TO 16
VOL. XXV-NO. 37.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, ' SEPTEMBER 16, 1906.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
TREPOFF IS DEAD
WRECKED By FEAR
Tyrant Succumbs to
BEST HATED MAN IN RUSSIA
Author of Bloody Sunday Had
WAS LEADER OF REACTION
fcm of Foundling, Who Was II im
wlf a Tyrant, Expires Prema
turely, Broken Down by the
Dread of Assassins.
ST. PETERSBURG, Sept. 15. General
Xmltrl Keodorovlch Trepoft, commandant
of the Imperial Palace, died at 6 o'clock
this evening In his villa at Peterhof of
General Trepoff, whose name Is indel
ibly linked with reactionary repression
in Russia, was a remarkable man. He
was a natural despot, a tyrant by Inclin
ation, education and conviction. Ha was
one of those men who have constantly
appeared In Russian history. Just at the
time when conditions were most promis
ing for putting an end to despotism, to
turn the Russian rulers from liberalism
Guiding Spirit of Reaction. ,
It was he who became the guiding spirit
of the reaction after Nicholas II had is
sued his manifesto In the Fall of 1903,
promising the people a share in the gov
ernment. Holding the position of mas
ter of the palace, in league with the court
intriguers who were determined to restore
the old regime, he constantly had the Em
Like his father before him, Trepoff was
a police master, with all that the name
Involved in Russia, and the story of
. father and son is full of dramatic Inci
Father Was a Foundling.
The elder was a foundling. "Who were
his parents was never known. He was
found one morning on the back doorstep
of a German family by whom he was
playfully named Trepop-Hof (German for
doorstep). The father distinguished him
self as a member of the secret police.
During the height of the Nihilist conspir
acies in the late '70s, It was to him that
Alexander II confided the task of run,
nlngr down terrorists plotting against
his life. The fight between liberalism and
reaction then, as later under Trepoff's
eon. was In full swing, and then, as later,
the energies of the police were directed
against the student agitaflon.
Dictator of Russia.
Dmitri followed his father's footsteps.
He attracted the ' attention of Grand
Duke Sergius, then Governor-General of
Moscow, and by him was named police
master of Moscow. Trepoft soon became
Sergius' right arm in fighting the revo
lutionary student agitaUon, of which the
ancient capital was the hotbed. "When
. Sergius was assassinated Trepoff was
named Governor-General of Moscow.
Later1 he was summoned to St. Peters
burg and given the command of the Im
perial Guard antf made Governor-General
of the city. He took up his residence in
the "Winter Palace and became In fact,
If not in name, dictator of Russia.
Anarchy prevailed when he arrived. An
uprising on a large scale was momentar
ily expected. Thousands had fled the
city. Eut with Trepoft In command the
aspect of affairs changed. Troops filled
the streets and dead walls were placarded
with notices that street disorders would
be suppressed without mercy. Any dem
onstration on the streets was dispersed
by firing volley after volley Into the
helpless crowds. Under his iron hand the
city became quiet. Trepoft was accused
of Instigating the Bialystok massacre.
During those trying weeks plot after
Eighty dollars a month is better
plot to kill him was discussed and frus
trated. Two of his own nieces attempted
to execute the sentence. But-in his dungeon-like
room in the center of the pal
ace, where no bomb could reach mm
save by shattering a dozen walls, with
the telephone constantly at his side, he
Issued orders and ' received reports. '
His personal courage was oeyond all
question. He had almost a contempt for
"I am no. fool," he said to the Asso
ciated Press correspondent a few days
after he assumed the dictatorship. "I
am no fool to be potted in the street.
I have work to do and I propose to do
it. I have given my word to my impe
rial master to maintain the tranquility
of the city and I. will answer for the
preservation of order with my life."
The strain told upon, him and during
those memorable six weeks the lines of
his face deepened and his hair and beard
became streaked with gray. He continued
at his post throughout the Summer and,
although there was much political ex
citement, no rkt occurred.
' Savior of Autocracy.
Trepoff made a pretense of acquiescing
in the manifesto of October of that year
and In Witte's elevation to the
Premiership. But' in reality he was
only awaiting a favorable oppor
tunity to give -'battle to the new
regime. And when the orgy of liberty
which followed the manifesto was in full
blast, threatening to sweep away the
foundations of the government, even
Wltte was glad to turn to the great police
master to restore order. He accomplished
his task and was hailed by the reaction
aries as the savior of the situation. The
Emperor was made to believe that Trep
oft alone was capable of safeguarding the
life of himself and the imperial family.
And so, with the press howling at his
heels, he retired to Tsarskoe-Selo to be
come master of the palace. There, In a
congenial atmosphere, he took the di
rection of the campaign for the restor
ation of the old order.
Six Attempts to Kill Him.'
In all six actual attempts on the life of
General Trepoff have been 'made within
three years, and only last July General
Kozloff, of the headquarters, was assas
sinated at Peterhof by a terrorist, who
believed he was firing upon Trepoff.
General Trepoff would have been 51
years old In December. Several months
he had been suffering from heart affec
tion and asthmatic troubles, and some
time ago was forced to abandon a large
amount of his routine work.
Fear of Death Wfecked Nerves.
The revolutionists can claim, partial re
sponsibility for his end, as his illness was
superinduced by strain due to constant
fear of death, which, with the lack of
exercise and recreation during the last
two years, wore down his originally
splendid constitution. He had become
so nervous of late that recently, when a
military attache of a Continental power
was unexpectedly ushered into his room.
General Trepoft sprang to his feet in an
attiude of defense.
Though the gravity of his malady was
recognized from the first, his death came
as a surprise. He was able to be up and
around until the very last. He attended
the parade of the Pavlovsky Regiment
"Wednesday and on Thursday was at the
landing stage when Emperor Nicholas
and the imperial family embarked for a
cruise to Bjorko. With the Emperor safe
ly at sea and out of reach of the terror
ists, one of General Trepoff's greatest re
sponsibilities was lifted and the relief he
experienced was plainly apparent.
Nicholas Will Miss Him.
General Trepoff's death will not have
any immediate Influence on the policy of
the government, which is firmly In Pre
mier Stoly pin's hands, but, in case revo
lution again breaks out. Emperor Nicho
las will miss his strong will.
Had His Liberal Streaks.
General Trepoft unquestionably was
one of the strongest figures of the po
litical epoch and was equipped with
sound common sense to a degree unusual
In Russian political men. On a number
of occasions he took the liberal side and
advocated concessions when his Weaker
and less posted colleagues urged the
Emperor to perilous reaction. This es
pecially was the case during the delib
eration over M. 3oullgan's Parliamentary
project. He favored a wider franchise
and more extended rights than were
given to the first Parliament.
While usually spoken of as thirsting
for the blood of the revolutionaries, it
cannot be forgotten that General Trepoff
preserved order in the turbulent capital
during the long months between "Red
Sunday" and the granting of the October
manifesto practically without the loss of
a single life.
He Shirked No Perils.
General Trepoff was usually accessible
to the newspaper men and treated them
with the degree of consideration charac-
( Concluded on Page 5.)
What they did with It in
TELL TROUBLES TO COLWELL
Ask Him to Negotiate Peace
FIGHTING NEAR HAVANA
Both Parties' Claim Victory at Wajay.
General Desire for American
Control Liberal Leaders
HAVANA, Sept. 15. Thre American
warships are the most Imposing and
interesting objects in Havana Bay to
night. The cruiser Des Moines arrived
this morning and the auxiliary cruiser
Dixie, with 250 marines on board, each
ready at a moment's notice to land
field pieces and rapid-fire guns, came
this evening. Commander Abraham E.
Culver of the Des Moines and Lieutenant-Commander
Urban Holmes of
Dixie reported to Commander Colwell
of the Denver, who, being the senior
officer, is in command of the squadron.
Rebels Offer to Make Peace.
If Commander Colwell's mission here
were that of a peace envoy, he could
hardly be more busy. He is receiving
delegates representing the insurgents
and even some of the insurgents them
selves, who are anxious through him
to negotiate peace of some kind. He
has held consultations with these
emissaries, but declines to do other
wise than recommend that they go to
their government. This suggestion
bore fruit this afternoon to the extent
that there was some talk between the
emissaries and Governor Nunex.
While these men are assuring Com
mander Colwell that hostilities have?
been suspended, fighting proceeded
outside Havana both Friday and this
afternoon. While a cessation of hos
tilities pending the arrival of the Sec
retary of War Taft and Acting Secre
tary of State Bacon is urged, there is
no evidence that any such general un
derstanding has been reached.
Hope Uncle Sam Will Control.
The great topic of conversation to
day was President Roosevelt's letter.
President Palma declined to be inter
viewed, but it is known that he is very
confident of a "square deal." ''There is
much speculation as to future condi
tions In the island.
There are great hopes In practically
all classes that the United States will
retain some control over Cuba's af
fairs. Commander Colwell this afternoon
cabled the Navy Department that the
revolutionary' leaders assured him
that they had ceased hostilities and
again offered to bring him their arms,
etc., and disband their forces. Com
mander Colwell stated that he believed
he could, if authorized, end the insur
rection at once. Up to tonight no In
structions In this connection had been
received by him. The commander also
reported to the department that nego
tiations for peace had been opened
with the Government and that he be
lieved an end of the trouble would re
sult. He added that he was Informed
constantly as to the attitude of the
Liberal Leader's Offer.
In an open letter published this eve
ning. Alfredo Zayas, president of the
Liberal party, offers on behalf of the
Liberals to negotiate peace on the basis
that Senor Palma shall continue as Pres
ident; that two of the Cabinet Ministers
shall be members of the Liberal party;
that the municipal officers removed last
year shall be restored: that the electoral
laws shall be revised and that new elec
tions of Senators and Representatives
CARTQONIST MURPHY GLANCES AT SOME OF THE SALIENT EVENTS OF THE WEEK
A big Job for Big
ehall be held and also elections of Gov
ernors and provincial officers to fill the
vacancies of those removed last Decem
ber. Senor Zayas says that the revolution
ists have suspected ' all the time, while
peace parleying was going on, that the
government was expecting help from the
United States, and denounces as unfair
the sudden placing of three provinces
under martial law, while the parleying
was pending. He says the Insurgents
are ready for fair and Just treatment
and, if "the powerful Nation which gave
our freedom will act as arbitrator, we
will give it our best assistance that we
(Concluded on Face 2.)
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temper ture. 66
' deR. ; minimum, 54. Precipitation, trace.
TODAY'S Fair and warmer. Northerly
Stensland's son betrays hiding; place of much
of his plunder. Page l.
Herins; declared champion forger of world.
Pierce shown Senator Bailey's connection
with Standard Oil Company. Page 2.
Chicago Judge declares municipal ownership
law valid. Page 5.
Four' prominent Chicagoans injured, two
fatally, in auto accident. Page 4.
German Baron accused of bigamy. Page S
Remarkable escape of woman from drown
ing. Page 4. .
Bryan speaks on railroad ownership In Vir
ginia. Page 4.
Bryan not ready to define trusts. Fage 4.
Hughes strongest Republican for Governor
- of New York. Page 19. (
Interstate Commission issues order on
changes In freight rates. Page 5.
General MacArthur becomes Lieutenant-Gen-eral.
Cubans - welcome American offer of media
tion. Page 1.
More warships arrive at Havana. Page 1.
Rebels in suburbs of Havana fight battle,
both parties claiming- victory. Page 1.
Taft and Bacon will sail for Havana today.
Cruiser Cleveland sails and more ships make
ready. Page 1.
General Trepoff dies of heart disease and
Russian Terrorists rejoice and say they
killed him. Page 1.
Chinese brigands hold up train In Manchuria.
Anarchists dog Kaiser', steps, but fall to
reach him. Page 2.
Mexican Independence day opens quietly.
Wholesale murder of babies in Sweden.
San Francisco defeats Portland, 4 to 0.
Whitman College has excellent football pros
pects. Page 14.
Impression prevails in California that Coast
League will go to piece, at end of sea
son. Pag. 14.
Judge McCredle differs with President Bert
as to Umpire Mahaffey's action in order
ing game forfeited to Portland by Los
Angeles. Page 14.
Six Eastern crack shots to give exhibition
at the traps here next Sunday. Page 15.
Week's recess at Louisville track. Page 14.
Accountant wins $25,000 annual champion
ship stakes by two lengths. Page 14.
Despite the unfavorable weather the Oregon
. Htate Kalr is pronounced a financial sue
cess. Page 6.
Attorney D. R. Murphy create, a commotion
by denouncing dead St. Paul Mar.hal as a
ruf nan. Page 6.
Washington Railroad Commission gives a re
view of its work in securing cost of roads.
Page 7. .
lone. Or., boy accidentally shot and killed In
hardware store. Page 7.
Senator Piles finds he has to do some hard
work in his own district. Page 6.
Prunes are cracked by Inopportune fall of
aaln in the Willamette Valley. Page 6.
Portland and Vicinity.
Members of House committee on rivers anl
harbors bay Congress will not appropriate
(2.500,000 for bar at next session. Page 1.
Teamsters' Union votes against strike at
present time. Page 10.
Colonel C. U. Gantenbeln resign, as com
mander of Third Infantry, O. N. O.
City achools will open tomorrow morning.
Automobile bandits confess crime; had
pistol loaded with poisoned bullets.
T. W. C. A. and T. M. C. A. to banquet Na
tional officer, and friends tomorrow night.
Commercial bodies of Pacific Northwest to
form central organization: convention
called to meet in Spokane September 25.
Multnomah Bar Association honor, memory
of O. F. Paxton. Page 10.
Plympton Kelly, pioneer of 1848, dead.
Willamette Valley Traction Company buy.
nine blocks in South Portland for right
- of way. Page 18.
Features and Department..
Editorial. Page 8.
Church announcements. Page 23.
Classified advertisements. Pages 24-30.
Shameless crime, of private detectives.
Physical training lrf Portland schools.
Resist Sheriffs and militia with rifles.
Romantic beginnings of American universi
ties. Page 39.
Luther Burbank. the man. Page 40.
Death the only cure for the speed mania.
Through old Virginia In an automobile.
Should married men flirt? Page 43.
Book reviews. Page 23.
Ham Burr's fun. Page 46.
Social. Page. 34-35.
Dramatic. Page 32.
Musical. Page 22.
Household and fashions. Page 43.
Religious intelligence. Page 37.
Youth's department. Page 47.
Mr. Hearst received some interesting
' news the other day. '
NO S2,5D0,DQ0 FOR
JETTY AT THE
Sum to Finish Work
Not in Sight.
SO SAY RANSDELL AND JONES
Construction to Wait for That
MAY RESORT TO DREDGE
Members of House Committee Cer
tain Money to Complete Improve
ment Will Hot Be Appro
priated Next Year.
That the $2,500,000 needed for completion
of the Columbia bar jetty cannot be se
cured next year from Congress is the
opinion of Congressman Ransdeil, of
Louisiana, and Jones of Washington,
members of the rivers and harbors com
mittee, who yesterday inspected the Jetty,
escorted by members of the Chambers of
Commerce of Portland and Astoria, mem
bers of the Oregon delegation in Congress,
Governor Chamberlain, Lieutenant-Colonel
Roessler, who is United States Engi
neer of this district, and others.
That it is inadvisable to resume work
on the Jetty until this sum shall be avail
able, either as an appropriation or under
continuing contract, if very wasteful con
struction is to be avoided, was the opin
ion of the two committee members, who
accorded with the view of Colonel Roess
ler announced before a meeting of the
Chamber of Commerce of Portland Fri
day night Colonel Roessler advised fur
ther that money should not be di
verted from the bar project, by Insistence
on sums of money for other improve
ments on the river, larger than are neces
sary for maintenance of present work and
Jones Opposes Plan.
.This plan in opposed by Representative
Jones, who rather considers the Celilo
project more Important than the bar
project, at least to the Upper Columbia
River region, which wants lower trans
portation rates to and from tidewater.
He takes the view that the Celilo barrier,
which now prevents navigation up and
down the river, should be opened as soon
as possible, and that the bar improve
ment Is not as urgent as is alleged, be
cause ships of 23 and more feet draft can
already pass In and out.
This opinion is shared by Mr. Ransdeil,
and he urges that the two projects be
striven for together, saying that other
wise, there will be a divided effort, which
will react against the interests of the
Mr. Jones and Mr. Ransdeil said that It
Is extremely unlikely that the jetty can
obtain J2.6fiO.000, or that even the whole
Columbia River can secure such a sum.
Both were even fearful that there will be
no river and harbor bill at all next year.
No Emergency Appropriation.
It will be Impossible, they said, to put
through an emergency appropriation, as
was done at the last session of Congress
for $400,000, because that sum was allowed
simply in order that the Government
might not lose several hundred thousand
dollars' worth of construction works at
the Jetty, for want of money to finish the
stone deposits . under the tramway then
It was not he most cheerful outlook
for the river Interests that were repre
sented in the party. Its members
began busying their heads with de
vices for obtaining the required $2,500,
000 right away, because, In their minds,
completion of the Jetty is extremely ur
gent. Plans for restoring on the bar the
dredge Chinook, now lying Idle at Linnton
in need of new JSO.OOO boilers, were dis
cussed indefinitely. Some of the men said
that in view of the pressing need of a
deeper bar and the apparent impossibility
of securing money for the jetty, the nat
ural and necessary recourse must be to
dredging, for which an appropriation of
1200,000 would be required at least.
The party started from Portland at 8
A. M. in a special car supplied by the
Astoria Railroad," reached Astoria at 12,
where it was Increased by 13 citizens of
that city and arrived at Fort Stevens
at 1. There luncheon was had in the
messhouse of the post, after which the
party rode out four and" a half miles on
the Jetty cars. Returning to the post,
the members inspected the battery forti
fications and then boarded the steamer
Arago. of the United States Engineers,
for Astoria, where they arrived at G
They were conducted by members of
the Chamber of Commerce- of that city
to the Occident Hotel for dinner. The
meal was hurried at the end in order to
make the train for Portland, and re
marks oy Senator Fulton, Mr. Ransdeil
and Mr. Jones were shortened on this
account. The party reached Portland at
10 last night, well satisfied with its trip,
grateful for the hospitality of the As
toria citizens and that of the engineers
and artillery officers at Fort Stevens, and
thankful to R, R. Hoge, president of the
Portland Chamber of Commerce, and E.
C. Giltner, secretary, for the admirable
way In which they conducted the excur
sion. Those in the Party.
In the party, besides Mr. Ransdeil and
Mr. Jones, were Governor Chamberlain,
who was greeted at Fort Stevens by tho
Governor's salute of 17 guns; Senator
Fulton, Senator Gearin and the people's
choice for short term Senator, F. "W.
Mulkey; Representatives in Congress W.
C. Hawley and W. R. Ellis; Lieutenant
Roessler and his assistant engineer for
the Lower Columbia, Gerald Bagnall;
Malcolm A. Mooy, of The Dalles; State
Senator J. N. Smith, of Salem; Peter
Loggle, of Coos Bay, and the following
of Portland: W. D. Wheelwright, J. C.
Flanders, C- F. Adams, J. C. Ainsworth,
A. H. Devers, George Taylor, C. A.
Stewart, F. M. Baumgartner, R. R. Hoge
and E. C. Giltner.
At Astoria Mayor Wise boarded the
train, followed by B. Van Dusen, J. C.
Mayo, State Senator Sehofield, State
Representative McCue. E. W. Tallant.
Captain Dan McVicker, Captain James
Catton, Judge Trenchard, Gabriel Win
gate, James Finlayson and N. J. Judah.
The Jetty cars carried the party a little
beyond the end of the old section of the
breakwater. The tramway extended a
mile further to sea, but as the track
sagged in several places, owing to the
beat of the surf, Engineer Bagnall
deemed it prudent to venture no further.
To Be Extended Three Miles.
Beyond this point, the jetty is to extend
three miles, when finished, one mile of
which Is complete. This Winter's storms
and the teredo will probably wreck the
mile of tramway which runs out beyond,
and which was built last year, though
Engineer Bagnall has hopes of seeing it
last for next Summer's work. Next year
will, perhaps, see the destruction of a
large part of the""414 frilles of tramway
over which the party rode, therefore, be
fore the jetty shall be finished, most of
the tramway will have to be renewed at
a cost of $125,000 to $150,000 a mile; and
should construction drag along four or
five years, Jong lengths of trestle will
have to be renewed several times. Con
struction could be rushed to completion,
said Colonel Roessler, In two years.
The wisdom of Colonel Roessler's rec
ommendation that when construction
shall be resumed It be pressed forward
to completion with all speed was mani
fest to all.
On the return to Portland, Mr. Jones
remarked ;that he did not see any possi
bility of securing '$2,000,000 for the Jetty,
unless Congress should pass a $75,000,000
river and harbor bill, which was very
unlikely; in fact, he feared Congress
would not pass any at all the coming
year. He would not consent that the
Celilo Canal be retarded, In order that
the Jetty be expedited.
Uncertain Engineering Problem.
The jetty engineering problem, he said,
was an exceedingly uncertain one at
best; the bar seemed to be deepening al
ready, and "we might make haste better
by waiting a little." He was undeniably
friendly to the Jetty project, as should be
evident from his advocacy of the $400,000
emergency appropriation at the last ses
sion of Congress, and from his aid to
preceding appropriations for the bar.
Besides, the Columbia River, he said,
is not bottled up, as is the upper part
of the stream; vessels of moderate size
sail in and out of the river, but no
steamers pjy between tidewater and the
upper reaches of the stream as they
would do were the Celilo obstruction
Mr. Jones' state has seaports at Puget
Sound, Gray's Harbor and Willapa Har
bor, and naturally does not take the
Oregon and Lower Columbia River view
of the urgency of the Columbia bar im
provement, although he sees Its utility.
"From an economy and engineering
(Concluded on Page 8.)
Boss of the hopftelds.
WOMAN GIVES UP
Hands Over a Suitcase
EXPLAINS SYSTEM OF THEFT
Scoundrelly Banker in Single
Night Took $101,000.
CACHED IT IN HER HOUSE
Cashier Hering Colossal Forger of
All History, Says Handwriting
Expert, Surpassing Even
CHICAGO. Sept. lo.-Opeeia!.) The
most sensational developments in the
Milwaukee-Avenue State Bank wrecking
came today with the story that a
woman had given up to the State's At
torney $357,000 of the Stensland bank loot.
This $357,000 is said to be In currency and
now in the custody of the Attorney. The
woman, has made a complete confession.
Her identity is kept secret, as Is also the
place where ehe has lived under sur
veillance ever since her confession. Her
story of the looting is as follows:
The Milwaukee-Avenue State Bank was
robbed systematically, beginning three
days before the disappearance of Banker
Stensland and ending when Bank Exam
iner Joikyi took charge after Stensland's
disappearance. The loot cash deposits
made daily was carried in a suitcase
every night to the house of the mysteri
ous woman. An Indictment has already
been drawn against Theodore Stensland,
charging him with conspiracy with his
father In looting the bjink in this way.
The recovery of th'e money, the con
fession of the woman, the drawing ot
the Indictment of Theodore Stensland
all came through an anonymous letter.
This letter, written by a woman and un
signed, said in effect that the writer
was able to tell Stensland's whereabouts,
and that if promised Immunity and pro
tection, she would tell everything. She
asked to have a messenger from tho
State's Attorney's office meet her at a,
Stole $101,000 in One Xight.
There' the woman said Stensland vaj
at Tangier. She said she had $.157,000 in
currency stolen from the bank. One
night when the bank, after Its custom,
kept open later than, usual, $101,000 was
taken to her house. Another night the
suitcase contained $57,000. She agreed to
give up the money, and accompanied by
a man from the State's Attorney's office,
produced the $357,000. The money, still
in the suitcase as It was turned over,
was taken to the house of Assistant
State's Attorney Barbour according to
"Henry W. Hering, king of forgers,
the only forger who ever has had the
audacity to forge his own notes, making:
a compound forgery; a student of inks
and papers and of the actions and uses
of various chemicals used In the manip
ulation of forged notes; a past master"
In the art of building forgeries for thou
sands around the genuine signatures of
an unsuspecting note signer."
This Is how Handwriting Export W. A
Drake characterized Henry W. Hering.
the imprisoned cashier and secretary of
the looted Milwaukee-Avenue State
Bank, today when he made a final and
comprehensive report to Acting Receiver
Shea upon notes and papers that have
been submitted to him for examination.. ,
Bidwell Brothers Outdone.
"The Eld well Brothers, who forged
Bank of England notes, have always
been considered the shrewdest forgers
the world ever has known, but Hering
has proved himself ahead of all forgers
by forging his own forgeries, making the
first compound forgery ever detected, to
my knowledge," said Mr. Drake. "Forged
notes Hering had made and used and
which had matured were reforged. The
dates when the notes were alleged to
have been made were altered and the
dates of maturing were changed to cor
respond. Notations o"h the dbck of the
notes, purporting to show payment of
interest, were also forged.
"I found tnat Hering must have a pro
found knowledge of the chemical compo
sition of Inks," contlnned Mr. Drake.
"He has taken notes with genuine signa
slngle notes, so cleverly that the detec-'
tures and altered them from joint to
(Concluded on Page 2.)
The most prominent exhibit at the