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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
THE SUNDAY OEEGONIAN, PORTLAND, JUNE 3, 1906.
(Continued From Pa L)
success by the Democratic party unless
Republicans can bo cajoled into the sup
port of Its ticket. What are the argu
ments offered to Repuuucans to Induce
them to abandon their party and their
ticket, and go with the Democrats? First,
it is said that party considerations ought
not to Influence votes in the approaching
election. If this is so, why do the Dem
ocrats hold their party conventions, adopt
their party platforms, nominate party
candidates and make partisan appeals to
Temocrats to support their ticket? If
there are not political Issues Involved In
the approaching election, then the argu
ment that Democrats should vote for Re
publicans Is Just as good as the argument
that Republicans should vote for Demo
crats. Arguments of Hypocrisy.
We all know, however, that these ar
guments are hypocrisy and humbug, and
arc made in the spirit "walk Into my
parlor, says the spider to the fly. would
nnv such arguments be made if the Dem
ocrats had the majority In the state?
They cannot now complain that the Re
publican nominations were made under
the dictation of bosses as they did four
rears ago. and the only expedient now left
for them Is to raise the silly and senseless
cry that there are no political Issues or
obligations Involved in the approaching
Next to the election of President, the
election of a United States Senator is
the most Important in a political point of
view. If it is not necessary for Republi
cans to elect a United States Senator
when they can, then it Is not necessary
for Republicans to elect a Republican
President when they can. They both
have a direct bearing upon the political
destinies of the country.
There la a great effort made by the
Democrats to bring personalities Into this
campaign. Their candidate for Governor,
the Democrats say, is a clever fellow;
therefore he ought to be elected. He
has not been guilty of any misfeasance in
office, therefore he ought to be elected.
1 think that Governor Chamberlain over
estimates the value of his services as Gov
ernor, and takes credit to himself for
much that Is due to a Republican Leg
islature and Republican officials. I am
willing, however, that he should have all
the praise and all the glory the Demo
crats wish to give him, but I do insist
that he has no advantage over the Repub
lican candidate either in ability. Integrity
or fidelity In the performance of official
duties. Mr. Wlthycombe has filled sev
eral public positions with credit to him
self und satisfaction to the people, and
has had an opportunity to know the
wants and interests of Oregon as well as
any man In the state, and his private
life and public career give us the assur
ance that If he is elected Governor he
will discharge the duties of that office
with a conscientious regard for the rights
and Interests of our people.
Election of Bourne.
Mr. Bourne was not my first choice for
United States Senator, but now that he
has been fairly nominated for that of
fice, so far hh I know, he is my first and
only choice for Senator. I will say this
for Mr. Bourne. I do not believe there
Is a man In the State of Oregon who
would convey into the office of Senator
more activity, more energy, more force
of character than Mr. Bourne. That is
the kind of Senator we want. I have
been in the Senate, and know what kind
of a man will make the most useful Sen
ator. It Is not the man who makes fine
ami flowery speeches, but it Is the man
who works In and with the committees of
the Senate. Our Senators are expected
lo look especially after the interests of
our state, and the Senator who is most
active and vigilant on the committees will
accomplish most for the interests of his
Matter Worth Consideration.
There is another matter worth se
rious consideration. There Is no doubt
thut for the next six years the Repub
licans will have, a majority In the Sen
ate, and. so far as that body Is con
cerned, control the legislation of the
country. Human nature is about the
snme iiv the Senate as it is elsewhere.
The Senator who affiliates with the
majority has more influence than he
would iiave if he belonged to the mi
nority. He has higher and better po
sitions on the committees than he
would have if he belonged to the mi
nority. Mr. Bourne, if elected, will go
into tiie Senate as a Republican; he
will be received as a Republican; he
will be treated as a Republican; and,
laying aside all personal and party
considerations. It is for the best In
terests of Oregon that he should be
elected. Mr. Gearin Is a Democrat, a
bedrock Democrat, and will stick to his
party through thick and thin, and, be
sides if he goes into the Senate, he
will have to take a position there with
the limited power and influence of a
member of tho minority of that body.
Wants to Ride Into Office.
Governor Chamberlain is trying to
ride into office on the back of Presi
dent Roosevelt. Tho President has in
augurated a warfare upon trusts and
railroad iniquities which has made him
popular, and Governor Chamberlain is
trying to appropriate the President's
popularity to Ills own use. He knows
that to oppose openly the policy of
tiie President would reduce the
chances of his election, and therefore
he is vociferous in his praises of the
President. If Roosevelt was a candi
date today for the office of President,
Governor Chamberlain would vote
against him and do. everything he
could to defeat his election, and
would support Bryan. Bailey, Hearst,
or any other man who might be nom
inated by a National Democratic Con
vention. Do you wish to encourage
and support the President and hold up
his hands in the struggle with the
gigantic trusts of the country? If so,
vote the Republican ticket.
What Republicanism Does.
Is any man fool enough to suppose
that the election of a Democratlo
ticket in Oregon will bo regarded by
the President or anybody else as an
indorsement of his Administration? I
tell you if Governor Chamberlain is
elected, it 'will be heralded all over
the country that the elections here In
dicate a rising and growing tide of
disapproval of the Administration of
President Roosevelt. I have been more
or less In all the political fights for
the last 50 years. I know the history
of the Republican and Democratlo par
ties during that period. I know that
a Republican administration saved the
Union from destruction. I believe that
if the Government had gone Into the
hands of the Democratic party while
Mr. Lincoln was President the Union
would not have been preserved. I
know that the Republican party over
threw the Institution of slavery over
tiie opposition of the Democratic party
and that every Democrat in the Senate
voted against Its abolition except Sen
ator Nesmith of Oregon. I know that
after the war was over the Democrats
were In favor of paying off the obli
gations of this Government incurred
in the suppression of the Rebellion In
depreciated paper money and nothing
but the most determined opposition of
the Republican party prevented this
shameful act of dishonor and discredit
to the country. I know and you all
know that you are Indebted to the Re
publican party for a Bound and stable
financial system. Instead of a cheap,
fluctuating currency, as proposed In
the Bryan campaign. I know that the
Republican party has been in favor of
a protective tariff, and the Democratic
party opposed to It. I know that when
we have had a protective tariff we
have had prosperity, and that when
we have been without such a tariff,
we have had business depression and
financial distress. Our Democratic
friends talk a good deal about the spe
cial interests that have been fostered
bv a protective tariff. This Is greatly
exaggerated, but suppose what they
say is true. There Is another side of
the picture which they do not presetn.
While these special Interests have
been growing up, hundreds of thou
sands of laboring men have had em
ployment which thev would not have
had without a protective tariff. Every
laboring man who votes for a party
r-ledeed to strike down the tariff votes
to paralyse the industries of the coun
try and reduce the wage-earners In
our manufacturing establishments to
Idleness aird want.
I refer to the foregoing: facts to
show that the Republican partv has
been true to the best interests of the
country, and that Democratic policies.
caught i ::
if they ' had prevailed, would have
been disastrous to those Interests. Po
litical history cannot be Ignored in a
political contest. Men and parties
must be Judged by their antecedents.
You have trusted the Republican
party, and safety, peace and prosperity
have followed. And why should not
that trust be continued? All Republi
cans ought to be proud of the history
of their party, and be united and zeal
ous to maintain its integrity and as
cendency. Our Republican friends In
other states are watching this contest
with interest. President Roosevelt ex
pects us to indorse his Administration
by the election of our ticket. Stand
by your candidates and your colors.
Brave men to the front; cowards to
the rear. I tell you that the same old
banner that was carried by Abraham
i-tncoln and the Republican party 45
years ago is the same banner, weather-beaten
and battle-scarred though it
may be, that Theodore Roosevelt and
the Republican partv now carry. If
the Republicans of Oregon follow that
banner next Monday it will lead them
to a glor'ous victory.
Dr. Withycombe's Address.
Dr. Wlthycombe was then Introduced.
Thank you most heartily for this splen
did greeting and for the honor of address
ing you this evening. I want to take this
opportunity to thank the friends who so
loyally supported me, and to whose sup
port I am Indebted for my nomination.
No man ever had more loval or generous
support at the hands of his friends, and
no successful candidate over appreciated
the support more than T do. My nomi
nation is the more gratifying to me be-
STURDY SUPPORTER OF
I its j I
GEORGE H, WILLIAMS. WHO MADE A VIGOROUS SPEECH LAST
cause it comes not from ring or caucus,
but direct from the people. I believe in
popular government and the right of the
people to nominate their own public offi
cers. Favors Direct Primary Law.
The direct primary law has come to
stay, and it ought to stay. It imposes
burdens upon the candidates greater than
those of tne convention system, but it also
lodges political power with the voters,
where it rightfully belongs. I believe the
law. will be Increasingly popular with
the people, and while some changes In
detail may prove to be desirable In the
light of experience, the plan of nominat
ing public officers by direct vote of the
people must not be disturbed.
It is my paramount desire to prove wor
thy as a candidate of the trust reposed In
me, and If elected, to Justify the confi
dence of the people who have supported
me. The only charge the opposition has
brought against me Is that I was born In
England. For 35 years Oregon has been
my home. It is with pardonable pride
that I refer to the fact that I came to
this state when a boy. My manhood has
been spent with the people of Oregon. I
believe that I know them and appreciate
thelr needs. I yield to no man In loyalty
to the State of Oregon and my faith in its
future. I offer no apology for my nativity,
but assure you if I had been consulted
in that matter, 1 certainly should have
been born in Oregon.
The campaign which I have conducted
with my Democratic opponents has been
a dignified campaign, free from personal
abuse. 1 have no disposition to indulge
In epithets. I do claim that the record
of the Republican party in the past Is its
pledge of usefulness In the present. I
believe that its principles make for the
welfare of the people, and that at this
time the indorsement of these principles
Is more important than any qu-astlon of
preference between men.
Duties of a Public Office.
It is proper, however, that I should say
that no man has higher ideals than I of
what a public official should be. He
should be fearless In the performance of
his duties. He should be amenable to
reason, but when sure he Is right he
should not be afraid of criticism. He
should, moreover, he a man of clean life,
an example to others, one to whom the
people may look with pride both in his
capacity as a private citizen and In his
record as a public official. He should
take the people Into his confidence.
The government Is the government of
the people. They are entitled to know
what their public officials are doing, and
it should be the aim of the executive
branch of the government honestly and
impartially to enforce the laws which the
people have made.
This is a critical time for the Repub
lican party of Oregon. Although the
state is Republican by a vote of more
than two to one, many of our Important
offices are filled by members of the op-
poslto party. If the Republican organisa
tion is to be maintained in Oregon, and
if Republican policies are to be supported.
Republicans must vote the Republican
ticket. I believe the Republican party
has a great mission yet to perform for
the country In general and for the State
of rOegon in particular. If elected it shall
be my aim to heal the wounds Inflicted bv
ten years of factional strife, and to do all
in my power to strengthen the party or
ganization with a view to its increased ef
ficiency in the public service.
Capital Is Seeking Investment.
We are entering upon an era of tre
mendous development. The world has
awakened to a knowledge of the value of
our forests and mines. Men in distant
states have learned of the fertility of our
soil, the productiveness of our farms and
orchards. Capital Is seeking Investment
within the state for the development of
our varied resources and the Improve
ment of our means of communication.
Our public officers should be full of a
spirit of greater Oregon. The improve
ment of our rivers and harbors, the build
ing up of new industries, the construction
of new lines of railway, ail will make for
the 'prosperity and comfort of the people,
and all of these new enterprises should be
encouraged by the people of the state and
Its public officials.
Taxation Not Equally Distributed.
A question of vital Importance to the
people of Oregon at the present time is
that of taxation. There U a widespread
feeling, in which I concur, that the bur
dens of taxation in this state have In the
past been inequitably distributed. The
support of the government in all its va
rious branches has fallen for the most
part on the owners of real estate.
I believe that the policy of our laws
should be to increase the revenues of the
state from Indirect taxation and the taxa
tion of Intangible properties, to the end
that real estate may ultimately be free
from taxation for state purposes. This re
sult has been reached in some of the
commonwealths of the Union and the time
will come when a similar result will be
reached In Oregon.
I believe In the taxation of franchises.
A franchise is property in Just as real a
sense as a farm. There are franchises in
the State of Oregon which are more pro
ductive than any hundred farms. I know
of no reason why a farm should be taxed
and a franchise should escape taxation. I
am opposed to the granting of perpetual
franchises and favor a general law depriv
ing municipalities of the power to grant
franchises for more than a stated period
There is a widespread belief that fran
chises In the past have been secured by
debauching City Councils and paying to
the grafter compensation which rightfully
belongs to the people. I believe that with
every franchise there should be a condi
tion requiring the owner of the franchise
to pay to the public a proportionate part
of the earnings from year to year, by way
of compensation for the special privilege
Revocation of Franchises.
Where a franchise has been unfairly
secured from the people, or where it has
been improvldently granted, the people
should repossess themselves of such fran
chise by the revocation thereof when pos
sible, or by the exercise of eminent do
main, if necessary.
In this connection. I will say that I be
lieve every perpetual franchise Is Improv
ldently granted, for the reason that the
conditions of today are not the conditions
o' tomorrow. Provisions which protect
the interest of the people today mav be
totall- Inadequate a few years hence. Pub
lic utilities, with but few exceptions, I be
lieve, are best administered by private in
terest rather than by public servants, for
in the latter case self-interest, the great
est of .Incentives, is lacking, and thriftless
and unbusinesslike methods will surely
sooner or later prevail.
A public utility is a public asset, and the
interest of the public therein should be
safeguarded by adequate laws. I believe
that the people should reserve control over
all public utility franchises to the extent
necessary to Insure the greatest efficiency
of the public service at the least expense,
subject only to the right of capital to be
Justly compensated for its Investment.
State Land Agent no Longer Needed.
The burdens of the taxpayers are suffi
icently heavy at present. They should not
be increased without good cause shown.
I believe that the office of State Land
Agent should be abolished. The lands of
the State of Oregon have been, for the
most part, disposed of, and the properties
which the state now owns can properly be
looked after by the Clerk of the State
Land Board. One of the first duties of a
public servant is that of economy in the
expenditure of the public money.
No public official should wink at the
waste of the people's resources. If I shall
be elected Governor it will be my effort
to fight all extravagance and promote a
careful and economical administration of
The Loaning of Public Funds.
Much has been said by my opponent re
garding land matters and the loaning of
the public funds. The record shows that
since January 27, 1903, Governor Chamber
lain has been absent from the State Land
Board meetings 20 times. At meetings
from which he was absent the board re
ceived and approved loans aggregating
J6S0.2S5. The State Land Board has cer
tainly performed a good service, but to
whom is the credit due.
Riders on Appropriation Bill.
Among other reforms which invite the
attention of the people of Oregon is the
pernicious custom of tacking riders on
general appropriation bills. Our constitu
tion should be so amended as to permit
the veto power to be exercised on indi
vidual Items of every appropriation bill.
Every apprpriation should stand or fall
upon its own merits. Bills so framed as
to prevent this call for a prompt veto, and
this power fearlessly exercised will speed
ily correct this long-established abuse of
The State of Oregon should adopt ra
tional measures for the protection of our
Immense forest wealth. Great losses an
nually occur from lire, which can be large
ly obviated by a well-regulated patrol
system. These losses run up into the
millions of dollars, and while the effect of
this loss may not be felt at present, our
Indifference at least deprives posterity of
a rich inheritance. I favor a broad and
generous policy for the conservation and
development of the great natural wealth
which nature has so bountifully bestowed
upon our state.
Every legitimate means should be em
ployed by the state to facilitate the trans
portation of the products of our various
Industrial enterprises. One of the greatest
problems affecting the general prosperity
of our people is cheap transportation. The
natural waterways of the state should be
made available for unobstructed trans
portation at the earliest possible date.
No Tribute at the Locks.
The tribute exacted from the products
of our farms, mills and factories at the
Oregon City locks should be abolished. By
a persistent and united effort on the part
of our people this barrier to competitive
transportation can be removed. This will
mean added value to every pound of hops,
every bushel of grain and to every other
commercial commodity tributary to this
The portage railway at Celilo should be
made as near canal conditions as practica
ble. The lowest possible freight rate only
should be exacted. In mis way a great
system of transportation can be built up
in the Upper Columbia and Its tributaries,
thus stimulating production and adding to
the prosperity of our people over an Im
mense area of our commonwealth.
Nothing will add more to the prosperity
and happiness of our rural population than
will good public highways. It is unneces
sary at this time to enter into details, but
suffice It to say that I believe the state
should give substantial assistance to the
betterment of our public highways. It is
unnecessary at this time to enter into de
tails, but suffice it to say that I believe
the state should give substantial assist
ance to the betterment of our public high
ways. Instead of our convicts being
brought Into competition with the honest
skilled labor of law-abiding citizens, they
should be employed upon the roads. That
prison labor upon the roads is a success
has been fully demonstrated by Multno
mah County. With a well-organized, co
operative effort on the part of the state
and the various counties. It is confidently
believed that witihn a few years material
progress will have been made toward a
better system of public highways through
out the state.
Friend of School System.
I am a friend of the public school sys
tem of the state. A Republican system
of government cannot exist except among
an intelligent people, and all of the In
stincts of self-preservation require the
government to provide a fair measure of
education for the people. The state should,
therefore, have and properly support high
er institutions of learning.
The pardoning power of the Governor
should be exercised with extreme caution.
When a man has been convicted of crime
by a Jury of his fellow-citizens, and when
a court has sentenced him to a term in
the penitentiary, public Justice and the
public safety require that in all ordinary
cases he should remain there during the
term for which he has been sentenced.
He should not be pardoned because of po
litical Influence which he can bring to
bear on the Governor, nor because good
natured citizens can be Induced to sign a
petition for his release.
Especially Is this true of the professional
criminal. The public safety demands that
this class be confined within the Jails and
penitentiaries, where they cannot prey
upon the lives and property of law-abiding
citizens. I make this statement on the
subject of pardons because I believe that
in the past pardons have been granted
with too great liberality.
The Governor of Oregon should be the
servant of the people. The people should
have his ear, and It should be his en
deavor to serve the people. If I shall be
chosen Governor It will be my endeavor to
administer the office along these lines. I
shall Invite suggestions from the people
on all matters relating to the public wel
fare and shall endeavor to administer the
office with Justice to all and special privi
leges to none.
In conclusion. I commend to the consid
eration of the voters of the state the other
candidates of the Republican party. They
have all been nominated by direct vote of
the people. The primary has afforded an
opportunity for a fair expression of the
popular will. The primary law Is on trial
In this campaign. If the candidates of the
majority party are defeated at the polls
the primary law will be discredited and
there will be an agitation for its repeal.
For these reasons, and also because of
my respect for my associates on the Re
publican ticket, I call upon Republicans of
the state to support them at the polls.
Oregon has been one of the banner Repub
lican states of the Union. Let It prove
Itself so at the coming election, and let
our majority be so large that It will an
nounce to- the world most emhpatically
that the people of Oregon have confidence
in the matchless leader of the Republican
party Theodore Roosevelt.
V'RES DEFENDS IT.
Gives His Reasons for Favoring Con
stitutional Amendment No. 308.
OREGON CITY, Or., June 2. (To the
Editor) The constitutional amend
ment No. 308, criticised and opposed by
A. W. P. In your columns a few days
ago. was offered by the People's Power
League for the following purposes:
First To prevent any constitutional
convention from imposing a new con
stitution on the people of Oregon with
out the approval of their votes. Since
1890 this has been done in the States
of Mississippi. South Carolina, Dela
ware, Ioulslana and Kentucky. In each
of these etates the Legislature called a
constitutional convention and the con
vention prepared a new constitution
and promulgated and declared it to be
In operation without allowing the peo
ple to vote for or against It. The courts
declared the new constitution to be
The Oregonlan has been requested
to explain ths effect of a vote upon
the proposed amendment to the local
option law. There is now a local op
tion law upon the statute books. The
bill now pending before the people
proposes to amend that law In many
particulars. Those who wish the new
law to prevail will vote "Yes." Those
who wish the present law to stand as
It is will vote "No.
valid and effective. The people of Ore
gon had a narrow escape in the last
Legislature from getting the same kind
of a constitutional convention with
one-third of the delegates appointed
by the Supreme Court. Therefore the
proposed amendment does not allow a
convention to be called without the ap
proval of the people at a regular gen
Second By allowing one Legisla
ture to offer amendments, to thereby
concentrate all the responsibility for
presenting such amendments on the
members of that one Legislature. Under
the old plan of two Legislatures, pro
posed constitutional amendments have
often received very little more consid-
Don't be buncoed by the Joker
on the official ballot. They call
the proposed amendment "equal
suffrage"; It provides for woman
suffrage. Vote No. 303 and vote
eratlon than city charters, each Legis
lature assuming that the other would
or had given the amendments careful
consideration, and both taking it for
granted that the people would fail to
approve because of the large vote re
quired. Third To require the same majority
of the people's vote for an amendment
proposed by tho Legislature as for one
proposed by Initiative petition.
Fourth That it may be known im
mediately after the election whether
an amendment has been adopted as a
part of the constitution or rejected by
the people. This method was copied
from the constitutions of Maine and
Maryland, where its working has been
The members of the league believe
these reasons are good and hope the
people of Oregon will consider them
sufficient. W. S. U'REN.
Will Banquet Veterans.
Arrangements have been completed by
the Sons and Daughters of the Indian
War Veterans to give a banquet to the
Indian War Veterans of the North Pa
cific .Coast at the First Baptist Church
Wednesday, June 13. An interesting pro
gramme has been prepared for the occa
sion and it Is expected that the banquet
will be one of the pleasing social events
of Pioneer week. Mrs. C. Henry Cham
breau. president, and A. J. McDaniel,
vice-president of the Sons and Daughters'
Society, have In charge the arrangements
for the evening.
I believe in the rights of the woman Just as much as T do in those of the man,
and in fact a little more THEODORE ROOSEVELT.
I hope and believe that after June 4 Oregon women will have a vote.
JAMES WITH YCOMBE.
I hope that Oregon will give women the ballot, and that every state will do
so. GOVERNOR GEORGE E. CHAMBERLAIN.
Under existing conditions I believe It to be less wrong to enfranchise women
than to deny them their right of choice. Therefore I shall vote for the amend
ment. RUFL'S MALLORT, Ex-Member of Congress.
Ours ought to be a Government of the whole people instead of half the people.
JUDGE H. H. NORTHUP.
There is no valid reason against equal suffrage, and there are many reasons
for It. BEN SELLING.
I see no reason why women should not be given equal rights with men, and
hope to see them enjoying such rights in the near future. I. N. FLEISCHNER.
Even the women who own no property upon which to be taxed ought to have
a vote to protect their lives and honor. DR. STEPHEN S. WISE.
My mother, my grandmother and great-grandmother were pioneers of Oregon
and crossed the plains with an ox team. I will always defend the honor of
women and grant them every privilege that I have, for their noble work in se
curing this country for my blessing. JEFFERSON MYERS.
I Bincerely hope the amendment will win and bv a large majority.
J. F. CAPLES, Ex-Minlster to Chile.
I hope to see the equal suffrage amendment carried by a large majority on
June 4. and the liberty of Oregon's womanhood Incorporated In the constitution
of the state. WALTER L. TOOZE, Woodburn. Or.
It would be unfair to deprive all women of the right to vote because some
women do not want It. Suffragists are not advocating a law that will compel
any woman to vote. All they ask Is the rlgnt to vote If they choose.
THOMAS U VAN ORSDAL. North Yamhill, Or.
Go into the saloon and find a man bucking the slot machines and paying for
beer with money his wife earned at the washtub, and you will find a man that
is opposed to the enfranchisement of woman. MILT RICHARDSON.
I was born an equal suffragist. GEORGE H. HIMES. Sec. Pioneer Ass'n.
It Is simply silly to say only bad and ignorant women will vote, for experi
ence shows the best women vote when they have the chance, and 1t opens their
Intellectual eyes. C. E. S. WOOD
Every man honors himself by honoring his mother. Nothing gives me great
er pride or pleasure than giving my voice and vote for the enfranchisement of
woman man's best friend and wisest counsellor. W. S. DUNIWAT.
Woman is equally responsible with man for the propagation and destiny of
the human race. She should be equally free, therefore, in the exercise of all her
powers. Her rights in law .and society should be equal with his. She ought to
vote. Her influence and power are needed in the state, as well as home and
Church. J. WHITCOMB BROUGHER.
Is It Just to women citizens who are subject to and who assist In supporting
the Government, to deny them a voice in that government? Tn short, is it Just
that they should be classed with minors, idiots, insane and criminals.
AHIA S. WATT,
We will give a tremendous vote for the equal suffrage amendment. The
"antls" are a discount In Eastern Oregon. E. S. M'COMAS. Union, Or.
Women's enfranchisement Is the next step toward the fullness of Individual
liberty the equality of right and opportunity toward which the race is moving,
JUDGE STEPHEN A. LOWELL, Pendleton.
Women are as much entitled to the ballot as I or my brothers.
MAYOR HARRY LANE.
The Socialists have an equal suffrage plank in their platform and are work
ing for It all over the world. THOMAS BURNS.
The citizens' organization found women the strongest factor In their work
for reform, and I think 99 per cent of us are for suffrage. O. P. M. JAMISON.
I have been a suffragist for a quarter of a century. I believe my mother was
better qualified to exercise the franchise than I am... DR. ANDREW C. SMITH.
I have always been in favor of equal suffrage, particularly for the sake of the
working women. SENATOR C. W. NOTTINGHAM.
The woman who takes an interest In the affairs of her country takes the best
interest in her home. SENATOR H. W. COE.
Friends of Equal Rights
Among the Oregon men who have declared themselves in favor of equal
rights for women are:
M. C. George. W. P. Olds, John Gill. F. Eggcrt, A. E. Borthwlck, Henry E.
Dosch. Tyler Woodward, D. Soils Cohen, R. L. Gillespie, Lipman. Wolfe & Co.,
Rev. E. L. House, Rev. J. Burdettc Short, I. N. Flclschner, Rev. J. M. Muckley.
Henry E. McGinn, General F. M. Anderson, Ralph R. Duniway, Rev. T. B. Ford, J.
C. Moreland, E. If. Moorchouse, Rev. H. A. Barden, C. P. S. Plummer, B. Lee
Paget. S. B. Rlggen, F. J. Catterlln, J. O. B. Scoby, G. W. Allen, D. J. Haynes,
A. C. Edmunds, A. D. Griffin, F. S. Wiegant, Rev. F. E; Coulter, T. C. Shreve, J.
E. Werleln, F. R. Neale. F. S. Pelrce, O. P. Miller, R. Kelly, C. A. Meussdorffer,
Frank G. Abell. F. A. Clarno, W. C. Duniway. W. J. Cuddy, F. Abendroth, George
S. Shepherd, Willam Foley, A. N. Gambell. E. Williams, R. C. Geer, Nathan
Harris, W. D. Hare, J. C. Olds, and many others.
Insult To Oregon Womanhood
The scurrilous card bearing picture of a woman's under garment Is a lamplt
of tbe lowest, political scheming; that has disgraced the State of Oregon. It la
not only aa Insult to Oregon womanhood, but a reflection on the honor of Ore
gon manhood as well The claim of its author that It was the 'only way
through which he could secure the vote of the water front and In his opinion,
was necessary to defeat the equal suffrage amendment.
We believe, however, there Is sufficient manhood and decency among the men
of the water front to rebuke this gentlemnns i t Idea of conducting a campaign.
The Oregon Equal Suffrage Association presents Its claim to the ballot solely
upon the basis of justice and expediency.
We have courted by every meuns In our power an honorable discussion of our
question. This our opponents declined to meet, but Instead they sought pub
licity by Ignoble, disreputable means. When the future history of Oregon Is
written, the struggle for freedom of Oregon's women will contrast gloriously
with the methods adopted by the detainers of womanhood.
The time has now closed for argument. Our case rests with the men of Ore
gon. Ve have confidence that many men who would have remained absolutely
neutral In this campaign will. In common with the believers in equal rights cant
their vote for, and resent the Inault offered to women by the opponents of equal
suffrage. OREGON EQUAL. SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION.
Progress of Equal Suffrage
Seventy-five years ago women could not vote In any part of the English
In 1838 Kentucky gave school suffrage to widows.
In 1850 Ontario gave It to all women.
In 1861 Kansas gave It to all women.
In 1867 New South Wales gave women municipal suffrage.
In 1369 England gave municipal suffrage to single women and widows: Vic,
torla gave It to women both married and single, and Wyoming gave full suffrage
to all women.
In 1871 West Australia gave women municipal suffrage.
In 1875 Michigan and Minnesota gave women school suffrage.
In 1876 Colorado gave school suffrage.
In 1877 New Zealand gave school suffrage.
In 1878 Oregon and New Hampshire gave school suffrage.
In 1879 Massachusetts gave school suffrage.
In 1880 New York and Vermont gave women school suffrage, and South Aus
tralia gave them municipal suffrage.
In 1881 municipal suffrage was given to the single women and widows of
In 1883 Nebraska gave women school suffrage.
In 1884 Tasmania gave them municipal suffrage.
In 188S New Zealand and New Brunswick gave them municipal suffrage.
In 1887 Kansas. Nova Scotia and Manitoba gave women municipal suffrage.
North and South Dakota, Montana, Arizona and New Jersey gave them school
suffrage, and Montana gave tax-paying women a vote upon all questions sub
mitted to the taxpayers.
In 1888 England gave women county suffrage, and British Columbia and the
Northwest Territory gave them municipal suffrage.
In 1889 county suffrage was given to the women of Scotland, and municipal
suffrage to single women and widows in the -Province of Quebec.
In 1891 Illinois gave school suffrage to all women.
In 1893 Colorado and New Zealand gave women full suffrage, and Connecticut
gave them school suffrage.
In 1894 Ohio gave women school suffrage. Iowa gave them bond suffrage, and
England gave them parish and district suffrage to women both married and
In 1895 South Australia gave full state suffrage to women both married and
In 1896 Utah and Idaho gave full suffrage to all women.
In 1898 the women of Ireland were given the right to vote for all officers
except members of Parliament: Minnesota gave women a vote for library trus
tees; Delaware gave school suffrage to taxpaylng women; France gave women
engaged in trade a vote for Judges of the Tribunals of Commerce, and Louisiana
gave tax-paying women a vote upon all questions submitted to the taxpayers.
In 1900 West Australia gave women full state suffrage, and Wisconsin gave
them school suffrage.
In 1901 New Tork gave taxpaylng women in all the towns and villages of the
state a vote on all questions of local taxation; Norway gave women municipal
suffrage, and the Kansas Legislature voted down, almost unanimously, and
"amid a ripple of amusement," a proposal to repeal municipal suffrage.
In 1902 full state suffrage was granted to the women of New South Wales and
full National suffrage to the 900,000 women of federated Australia.
In 1903 Tasmania gave women full state suffrage, and Kansas gave them bond
In 1905 Queensland gave women full state suffrage.
Oregon does not want to fall In at the rear of this reform. She prefers to
MARCH WITH THK PROCESSION.
There can be no doubt as to which way the procession is moving.
A man of standing sends this information to the Equal Suffrage headquarters'.
'Three hundred men are wanted by the anti-suffrage people to work for them
on Monday. They are to be paid $4 if they win, and 3 If they lose." This is an
other illustration of the manner In which money Is being spent to defeat the
will of the people. The information comes from a reliable source, and from
one who. like the great majority of men In Oregon, demands fair and honorable
means in applying the principles of Justice. This method of fighting against the
freedom of the women who have heloed to make Oregon a great state. Is tho
same method that was used when Hessians were hired to fight against the
freedom of our forefathers.