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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Feb. 11, 1906)
PAGES 1 TO 12
VOL. XXV-NO. 6.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 11, 1906.
FRIGE FIVE GENTS.
TO BOSS CONGRESS
Gives Out Patronage
, to Get Legislation.
COMPELLED TO MAKE DEALS
To Pass Important Measures
Roosevelt Does Politics.
OPPOSITION TO HIM. BITTER
Senators Know He lias the People
"With Him, but Resent His Boss
In?: Them In Our Interest,
Says Lincoln Stcffcns.
(Copyright, 1906. by J.'L. Steffelr,)
WASHINGTON", Feb 30. (Speclaorrc
spondence.) Something serious Is the'mat
ter here. The lobbies are active and anx
ious. There was talk for one brief mo
mentof bribery; cash bribery; "with
money In Washington! But that faded
Into a mere report (traced to two pretty
good authorities) of mere corruption with
mere mining stock, and the interest
ceased. A rebellion In the House against
the Speaker-boss persists, however, and
while the Senate seems to me to chat
along, serene, sure and as beautiful as
ever, the lookouts in the press gallery
swear they can see signs of commotion
nithc depths even of the most dignified
legislative body .on earth. What Is the
matter? Let's duoble on1 our track and
see if we can see.
The White House still Is the storm cen
ter. We supposed this to be due to the
fart that the President was the President,
but the friends of the Senate complain
that Theodore Roosevelt Is more than
President. He is. The President is a good
deal more than the executive head of the
Government; he is a powerful branch of
Congress. His friends reply that the Con
stitution made him a part of the Legis
lature when it provided that he might
recommend legislation. That is so. . But
the Constitution ddes not say that the
President may compel legislation, and the'
President is compelling legislation.
"Now," say the friends of the Senate,
'such encroachment by the Executive
upon the legislative branch of the Gov
ernment is a crack in the Constitution."
Crack; In the Constitution.
They are right. This is a crack in the
Constitution. But It Isn't & new crack.
President McKinley -worked through' this
crack. So did Lincoln. All Presidents,
from as far back as the first Adams, have
compelled legislation; and all over the
country Governors and Mayors are called
upon to "Jam. bills through" Legislatures
and Councils, and they do "Jam 'em
through." and wherever they do that,
there we have executive encroachment
upon the legislative branch of the gov
ernment. It is too bad, but this crack is
as old and as wide as the crack in the
Liberty Bell at Philadelphia.
But who cares? You do, and some con
stitutional scholars may; but our United
Slates Senators don't. They encroach
themselves. The Senate is forever inter
fering with the President, encroaching
upon his purely executive functions. Nor
is that all. The state bosses in the
United States Senate are the very men
who call upon their Governors at home to
encroach upon . their Legislatures, and
"Jam bills through." The only one among
them all that has a clean record in tills
respect is Senator Aldrlch. and in Rhode
Island his Legislature has encroached
upon the executive to such an extent that
the Governor there Is powerless, absolute
ly except as he happens also to be
long to the boss. These state bosses
rule in "their" states, and they hold
.their seats in "our"' Senate by en
croaching upon both the executive
and legislative branches of all gov
ernment, city, state and National. They
arc themselves the .biggest crack of
all in our constitutional form of gov
ernment. For no constitution pro
vides for a boss, .and yet there thoy
are: Aldrlch. Piatt, Elklns, etc. Pres
ident Roosevelt may be a .dangerous,
man. but it Isn't the Constitution that
he endangers. What is it, then?
President as a Boss.
Good government? So they say. The
friends of. the Senate charge that the
political methods of the President are
those of a political boss. And they
are. His friends deny It, but his
friends have the Washington habit,
which is to deny everything; I never
in my life saw so much mutual confi
dence as there Is here, and I never
caw reporters so completely trusted as
the Washington correspondents are.
Yet, if you go up to a man, high or
low. and say abruptly to him. "I see
jou said ," he won't let you finish. 'I
didn't," he exclaims. Then if you tell
him what you heard he had said, he
will proceed to a refutation of "the
lie" so elaborate that he soon makes
plain that -he did say substantially
what you heard he had said. The
trouble is that correct reporting isn't
always true reporting; the fact may
be only a half truth.
It is a fact, as we found last week, that
the President Is In a combine with the
omblne In the House. He made a "deal"
.Uth the Speaker. Not content with the
constitutional method of recommending
(cgislation, he . had recourse to an under
standing (most informal, of course, but
definite) with -Mr. Cannon to use their
United powers to "Jam through" certain
pleasure, Son l . JKJiiUl aaetijod.
and bad. Not that all "deals" are bad;
the character of a ''deal" depends upon
the character of the contracting parties
and the terms of the contract. But I
think this "deal" was bad because the
Speaker is the boss of a combine which
practically wipes, out self-government In
the House. The liberation of that body
would seem to be a Job worthy of the
best that Is in any man who Is in a posi
tion to try It. Yet one of the terms of
the "deal" between the Speaker and the
.President was mutual support. In return
for the Speaker's support of the Pres
ident's bills, the President was to uphold
the boss and the combine In the House.
Is this the whole truth? What is the
President's .view? . . .
Eager for Efficiency.
"Efficiency is. his answer. In brief. A
man has not only to- be good, but to do
good. It is not sufficient to: criticise and
fight; one must win battles and get things
done. There is the philosophy of it. Now
apply it to our case:
The House of Representatives Is a numer
ous, unwieldy body. Left to Itself, it might
do nothing but "talk Itself to death."
Organized so that one man can speak
of It, and drive It, "a herd of wild horse6,"
to action, the House is a fairly effective
Instrument; much more so. for example,
than the Senate. In other words, a boss
and combine are more convenient than a
deliberative body. You hear something
like this In boss-ruled cities from defend
ers of the boss; and an American who
had business with the Russian govern
ment reported back .that an autocracy
was "not so bad as people think." But
convenience isn't a safe criterion for a
representative democracy. Dispatch Isn't
what we are after; is It? As I understand
It, we are trying for self-government,
free and freely representative, and "our"
House of Representatives is neither.
"Then make It so," says the President,
in effect. "That is your business, not
mine. I am as much a reformer as ever,
but I am also the responsible head of a
great Nation, and I must accept the ma
chinery as I find It. Oh. I must improve
It here and there, as I can. and as I do,
but my first and my almost sufficient du
ty is to make It turn out good goods.
This is Job enough for one man. If you
think the House as it Is organized is not
a fit instrument for a President to use,
reform it, you, who gave It to me."
There Is a Just rebuke for us In that
If our Representatives aren't what they
should be, we ought to send here men
who are. But how an wo pick out for
defeat those Congressmen who ought to
be defeated if they are all tied up In Job
lots and voted In a combine? Suppose
the President, having recommended his
legislation, would wait saying no more,
making no deals till Congress haft voted;
then suppose that with the poll of voters
in his hand he should appeal to us to de
feat those who in his Judgment were not
representative, and to re-elect those only
who were. Wouldn't we reform that
House of Representative??
"But you might not." snys the Presi
dent. l am not quoting his language;
that Is not permitted.)
"They have done It wherever that meth
od "bas bean tried." 1 answer, citing
'Chicago and Wisconsin, for example.
"Bven so, that course would lake time,
and meanwhile, what about the canal,
and the other things that must be done?"
"Wants the Canal Dug.
You see, It comes down finally to a ques
tion of the relative importance of the
many 'things to be done. I'd rather make
our Government represent us than dig
the canal: the President would rather dig
the canal and regulate railway rates.
So he makes his "deal" with the Speaker
and I condemn it.
But the Senate doesn't reason that way.
The Senate doesn't object to deals, nor
to the House combine, nor to the deal
with the House combine. The Senate
makes deals. The steering committee of
the Senate has made deals with the boss
and ring of the House combine. That's
what the House combine was built for
to make It work with the Senate. So the
President's deal with the combine is not
the real reason for the terror here of
"that dangerous man." the President,
what else Is there?
The friends of the Senate charge that
the President upholds the House combine
with patronage. This also Is true. The
President Is carrying, out his part of his
deal with all the force of his forceful
personality. When the Speaker began to
put through the Administration -programme,
a large number of the Republi
can members turned insurgents. You
have heard a lot about them. They Joined
with the Democrats to beat the "rule"
and break up the organization of the
(Continued on Pbb 3.)
travels te.eee miles to husband-elect.
Mn, A dm. MlBtwn Talkm.
Mr. Ad Mlatura Crawford Tulian.
of Pittsburg. Tecelved her proposal
of marriage from Eugene A. TulUn.
ex-United States Fish Commltttlone r.
by cable from New Torlc to Buenos
Ayrea and accepted at once by the
same 10.000-mlle route and wo
obliged to travel to New Torlc to
have the ceremony performed, as Mr.
Tulian. being a divorced man. could
not be married In th South Amer
United Railways Buys
PRICE IS ABOUT A MILLION
Headquarters for the New
IS LOS ANGELES CAPITAL
Outside of Establishing Its Offices
There, Xcw Owners "Will Ucnt
Hcmnindcr of Building to
Tenants as in Past.
. The Chamber of Commerce building has
been sold to the United Railways Com
pany, and the initial payment was made
yesterday afternoon. As soon as the nec
essary papers can be examined, the deal
will be finally closed. The building be
longs to the Columbia Investment Com
pany, of New York, and the sale to the
United Railways was managed by the firm
of Hartman. Thompson & Powers, agents
for the building. The sale price has not
bccn(made public, but the deal Is under
stood to Involve nearly Sl.COO.OCO.
The purchasers will use the building as
headquarters for the electric projects the
United Hallways Company is planning
throughout Northwestern Oregon, and the
Commonwealth Bank & Trust Company,
lately organized by the backers of the
United Railways Company, will have
offices in the building, in all probability.
The major part of the building will be
leased as offices, as It Is at present.
The purchase of this building will offer
convenient facilities for the new company
adjacent to Its projected lines, as the Ore
gon Traction Company, whose assets will
be purchased by the United Railways on
February 15. has a franchise on Stark
street, passing the south side of the build
ing. The structure Is valued at about 5750,000.
It cost 5700,000 to build, and was begun In
3901. The ground It stands on Is estimated
in value from 3125,000 to 0.0X The build
ing Is constructed of Tenino sandstone,
coming from quarries near Tenino. Wash.
Stone quarried at the same place, but in a
different layer, is the material of which
the Portland Library la built.
The Chamber of Commerce building was
erected by a corporation composed of
members of the Chamber of Commerce.
They lost all the money they put Into It
when the building was sold to satisfy a
mortgage held by the New York Life In
surance Company, five or sir years ago.
At the foreclosure sale the building was
bought by the Columbia Investment Com
pany, representing capital of the Ladd.
Prior to the foreclosure, the building was
involved In litigation through a suit di
rected against Ellis G. Hughes by the New
York Life because the former, as one of
the builders, had signed a bond to keep
the building free from claims, iir. Hughes
spent a large part or the period of build
ing In Europe, and when he returned he
found debts had been contracted.
The United Railways Company, is also
negotiating for the lease of the Russell &
Blylh bulldinr at .Sixth and Ankeny
streets, the substantial stone structure
now being remodeled. The lower floor Is
being fitted up for stores, while Uie upper
floors will be used for offices.
Portland real estate Is proving very at
tractive to the Los Angeles capitalists
who came here to promote the United
Railways projects, and further purchases
of valuable city realty are likely to be
made by them.
SECURITIES ARE MISSING
Affairs or Suicide Simmons Are
Found in Bad Shape.
PEORIA. 111.. Feb. lO.-The widow r
the late Dr. Simmons opened the private
saftey deposit box of the suicide thi
morning and found thai the box which, n
had been expected, would contain valuable
papers, was empty, with the exception of
an unimportant business letter. A- certifi
cate oi saie lor S30.tw worth of Monon
Cereal stock now on dmmrir an r
the People's Bank, which was thoughr-to
oc in me oox. was not round, and It Is
now feared that the sal, which ri ctm.
mons told his friends had been madewas
No Will has been found anA rnstl!..!...
for heavy Insurance thought to have been '
carried are missing.
The failure to vcrifv th al - -fnnAn
stock has greatly depreciated the assets
oi me .reopie s h&xik. now in bankruptcy.
ENGINEER. WALLACE ILL
Is Overcome by Strain or Senatorial
CHICAGO. Feb. 10. John F. Wal
lace, ex-engineer of' the Panama canal,
returned home today from Washington
and Immediately took to his bed, hav
ing contracted, a cold that may prove
serious. Mr. "Wallace was unable to be
Interviewed tonight and his son-in-
law, T. M. Orr. said his throat and
lungs were so affected that he had not
been able to speak above a whisper
since he left New York.
The nervous strain growing out of
the Senatorial Inquisition. Mr. Orr said.
way have been one of-the causes 'that
ficeducedl jr, Wallace Ulscix.
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
TESTERDAVS Maximum temperature.
deg.; minimum. 33. Precipitation, none.
TODAY'S Increasing cloudiness, followed b
rain during the afternoon or evening,
variable winds, becoming southerly.
Deadlock predicted between f ranee and Ger
many at Alffeclraa. Page 13.
Campaign of assassination under full head
way in ltutla. Page J3.
British send troop against Kaffir rebels.
New plan to explore Polar regions. Page 15.
Senate will pass rate bill, only question be-
lnjc about right or appeal, rage 1.
Fulton's proposed change In new timber-
land law. Pase'Z.
Hazing trials cause many failures in An
napolis examinations. Page 3.
Bryan causes fallur of plan to end Chinese
boycott. Page 11.
Steffens says President has to boss Congress,
Jack the -Slabber captured at St. Louis.
Chicago policeman's brave battle with thug.
Uproar In Pittsburg miners convention.
Busiest week of Miss Roosevelt's life.
Louisiana profeor Infected with anthrae.
John L. Sullivan makes speech to news
boys. Page 3.
Ulll roads to build line from northern boun
dary to Gulf. Page I.
Arranging terms of peace In copper war.
Sraatben-accused of doplnr Lou Dillon to
win Memphis gold cup. Page 3.
Football rules committees complete reform
f rules. Page 3.
New country club farmed. Pare 17.
Three big stake events to be raced for In
California. Pag IT.
Rowing game lags: Page 17.
Blackburn claims lightweight title. Page 17.
Hunt Club rides In paper chase. Page 17.
Jimmy Britfs fighting letter. Page IS. t
Tug of war tournament ends. Page IS.
Gossip of th baseball players. Page IS.
Rugby gam of football to be played In
Portland. Page IS. '
Commercial and Marine.
Call Issued for meeting of Oregon hopgrow-
era. Page 35.
California cured fruit markets strong.
Chicago wheat market closes firm. Page 35.
Bank statement again unfavorable. Page 35.
Shipping men entertain little hope for safety
of British bark Drum era! p. which left
Portland In September for Manila.
Washington & Northern Railroad. Just in
corporated, is said to be a Harrlman
property. Page 1.
Sailors or Amlral Courbet mutiny and quit
me oaric at Seattle. Page -I.
Idaho aheepowners will air their grievances
on the forest reserve question. Page 5.
Rlpllnger Is Indorsed by Seattle Republican
caucuses for Mayor. Page .
Hood River horticulturists form association
with large membership. Page 5.
Mist bid the wreck of the Valenela from
the eyea fof the master of the Tepeka.
rwttasa and YWaltr.
United BsJMteya buys Chamber of Com
merce 'aHl&? and lot, paying nearly
Tyjhold tieverTag at Eugene and Health
Board blames city officials. Page 31.
Merchants all favor line to Alaska. Page 10.
Realty holders not anxious to sell on rising
market. Page S.
Slot meters latest graft of gas corporation.
Good service from East to Portland. Page 9.
Southern Pacific wants franchise on East
Third Jitreet. Page 36.
State wants share from profits of Oregon
nty Iockk. rag io.
Large acreage at site of Exposition Is sold.
Foes of Tom Word hop to beat him In the-
nomination for Sheriff with Jee il alley.
KeatBrr asd Departments.
Editorial. Page rt.
Church announcements. Pag 30.
Classified advertisement". Pages 1S-28.
Abraham Lincoln, savior of the Nation.
Does the stage help the world? Page 39.
Portland People's Institute. Page 41.
Saint's day that Cupid stole. Page -to.
Dr. Hlllir sermon. Page 37.
Japanese children learning English. Pago IS.
Spiritualists of two different kinds. Page 15.
A valentine for three. Page .15.
The Roosevelt Bears. Page 46.
Frederic J. Haskln's letter. Page 4t.
Mlrs Tingle's cooking lesson. Tage 42.
SoclaL Pages 3837.
Musical. Page 31
Household and fashions. Pages 43-43.
Touth's department. Page 47.
Ex-Oerenier Frederick Holbrook.
At Brattleboro. Vt lives the only
surviving Gorernor of a state during
the Civil War. He Is ex-Governor
Frederick Holbrook of Vermont. Gov
ernor Holbrook will celebrate his 93d
birthday on February 15 next.
Governor Holbrook was one of the
advisers of President Lincoln la the
war. On receipt of a letter from him
suggesting he railing out of 500,000
men. President Lincoln seat Provost
Marshal Draper to Vermont to con
sult with Governor Holbrook and to
ask him to formulate a call such ax
he acd other loyal Governors would .
be willing to sign. The request was
complied with, and In a few days
came a call for 300.000 three-year
men and later 300,000 nine-months
men. Under the call the nlne-monthr-men
were drafted, -but at Governor
Holbrook's request Vermont was al
lowed to raise her quota by volunteer
ONLY SUKVIVIVfi CIVIL WAK f
; ' Is Incorporated.
HARRIMAN REPUTED BACKER
Plan Is to Build From Port
VALUABLE LAND BOUGHT
cw Jtnllroncl Will Have Six Blocks
on the TIdclnnds at Seattle Im
mediately East or II ill
SEATTLE. Wash, Feb. 10. (Special.)
Articles or. incorporation for the
Washington Northern Railroad, filed
at Olympla today, wore put on record
prematurely. The interests behind that
new corporation were neither ready
for the incorporation nor to divulge
.While no official announcement will be
made for a few days of the company's
plans. It Is understood it Is organized
by the Harrlmnn Interests. The articles
announce a line from Kelso, in Cow
lltx County, to Everett. In Snohomish
County. It Is stated authoritatively the
purpose of the corporation Is to build
from Portland to Seattle.
There Is no proscnt Intention of con
structing a line north of this city.
The capitalization at 55.10,000 Is a nom
inal sum. Arrangements havu alreudy
boen made for transferring: to the com
pany lands bought here at a coat of
four times this amount.
Valunble Luiuls Purchased.
Jacob Furth, one of the Incorpora
tors, sold the Vulcan Iron Works site,
which he ovned, and other parties
bought the Shuttle Lighting Company
and Denny-Ren ton-Clay , Company
blocks adjoining. Mr. Ftirth has ar
ranged for the city's sale of two more
blocks or land. This gives the new rail
road six blocks immediately east of the
JII1I Union Depot holdings, which will
be utilized by the new railroad for nas
It Is stated without any enthusiastic
effort that the big Joxeph llellen tide
land buy was not on behalf nf the
Waxhlngton Northern. Hellen appears
in the official railroad guide as llarrl
man's private secretary. But F. K.
Struve Is of the real estate firm that
bought the Hellen property, and his
name appears on the checks that puy
for the ground. Stntvf Is one of the
Incorporators of the Washington North
Announcement Is Withheld.
Of espedul significance Is the fact that
a prominent Harrlman official has stated
confidentially thut his people intended to
incorporate the Washington & Northwest
ern as a subsidiary corporation to make
the Puget Sound extension. There is but
a alight change in the name 'of the new
'company. A week ago it was stated by a
high Harrlmnn official that within a few
days an official announcement would be
made of Harrlman plans to build to Puget
Sound. This announcement was postponed
until next week, presumably because of
pending real estate doals hre.
One of the most significant features of
the Hew company is the reservation of
the right to use electricity as motive
power. Furth fc the head of the Stone
and Webster organizations in this state
and could not take any steps to injure
their properties! It is known positively
that Stone and Webster are not behind
the new railroad, and this fact elimi
nates the electric feature. It Is to be a
Harrlmnn Theory Confirmed.
Confirmatory of the Harrlman theory
for the new system is the fact that the
Stetson-Post Mill Company today sold Its
six acres of tldelands to the Dexter-Hor-ton
Bank, believed to be acting for Union
Pacific official?. The Dexter-Hotton Bank
Is owned by Lndd & TUton. of Portland.
The Stetson & Post property Is, with the
exception of Moran Bros, holdings, the
largest -piece of waterfront property out
side Hill control on the Seattle water-,
The mill was built there In 1ST, and
the company has continued ever since un
der virtually the same management. Sev
eral weeks ago an offer of JTSO.COO was
made for the property, but 51.O0O.COO was
demanded. It sold today for 530O.O0O. with
a payment of J75.CC0 on account. Witnln
three days the deal must be closed.
II I LI ROAD, NORTH TO SOUTH
Burlington Extension Will Connect
Canada With GuIT ConsL
BILLINGS. Mont.. Feb. 10. (Special.)
According to a prominent railroad man.
who for obvious reasons declines to allow
the use of his nnme. the long-drcamed-of
north and south railroad is about to be
come a reality, and Canada and the Gulf
are to be Joined. Incidentally. President
James J. Hill is to have the shortest haul
of cotton to the Orient, and on Washing
ton and Oregon lumber to the Texas
Recently It was reported that the 'North
ern Interests were negotiating for the
Missouri. Kansas & Texas Railroad, and
It was even said that Mr. Hill's recent
journey to Europe was for the purposo of
securing the adherence of the Dutch, bond
holders or the road. Apparently, ir this
was the object of - his Journey. It was un
successful ior on, his return he denied that
anything of the kind was in contempla
tion. Building operations are about to be be
gun both in Montana artd Wyoming, by
which the Burlington Road Is to have al
most an air line from Denver to the
Canadian border and the shortest route
between Denver and the North Pacific
ports. From Denver south, the Fort
Worth & Denver City road is to be se
cured. Even if It Is necessary to build
entirely from Denver to the Gulf. It Is
said that this will be done, for Hill is
determined to have a continuous line of
his owiu'from the' cotton fields of the
South, in order that his great freight
steamers may have lull cargoes to the
The Burlington plans to build "this com
ing Summer, an extension of its Billings
line to Denver, thus materially shorten
ing the present somewhat roundabout
route from Denver to Billings. North
westward from Billings the contract has
been et for an extension to Great Falls.
215 miles. At Greut Falls the extension
will strike the Grent Falls & Canada, a
Great Northern subsidiary line, which will
give It a Junction with the Great Northern
main line at Shelby, further west. Be
yond the Great Northern main Hue the
roads extends to Sweet Grass, on the
With this new line in operation, the
Great Northern will be in a position to
carry cotton from' the fields to the Orient
by the shortest route, and -for return
loads will take Pacific Coast lumber,
which will be In great demand In the de
velopment of the sections through which
the new line will run. as well as In Texas.
GREAT CONSOLIDATION COMING
Great Northern With Burlington.
Northern Pacific With St. Paul.
ST. PAUL, Minn.. Fob." 10. (Special.)
Today's papers di:lose that the most gi
gantic transcontinental railroad deal ever
known is being formulated. It means the
consolidation of the Northern Pacific and
the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul and
of the Great Northern and the Burling
ton Into two great transcontinental lines.
It also means a desperate tight between
the four lines mentioned and the Harrl
man lines. As disclosed today by an au
thority of unquestioned integrity, that
situation l.s as follows:
The undertaking Involves two separate
transactions. They have been in the
minds of the promoter? for several years.
The proposal means two of the greatest
railroad systems In the world.
The Great Northern, with its 1.200.000
acres of Iron ore lease, and the sale of
rights to its own. and the Burlington
stockholder amounting to 3O.OCO.C0O acres
more, will cement these two roadt into
one vast double-track system to the
Coast. The Northern Pacific, which may
easily devote $100,000,000 toward the pur
chase of stock In the Chicago, Milwaukee
& St. Paul Is now extending to the Pa
cific Coast and practically paralleling the
Northern Pacific. The Chicago. Milwau
kee & St. Paul will find It more conveni
ent at points alone the route to use the
Northern Pacific tracks. Indeed, confer
ences have already been held between the
officials to this end.
A railroad attorney whose busnness
brings him In touch with the financial end
of all these roads, declares that affairs
are so shaping that one can reach no
other conclusion, and he predicts that
within two years at loast. and posxlbly
twiner, the four roads mentioned will have
become two great transcontinental lines
bv a process worked out by James J.
ST. lAUIr ROAD 1$ IMPATIENT
Delay by Seattle Council .May Give
SEATTLE. Wash., Fob. 10. (Special.)
The patience of the Chicago. Milwaukee
& St. Paul officials Is nearlng the break
ing point. That road either wants a
franchise from the Seattle City Council
or a reason why it should not be granted.
It wants an answer Immediately..
Seattle does not know the stake that Is
hanging in .the balance nor will the St.
Paul officials enter into an elaborate ex
planation. What amounts to an ultima
tum has been delivered to the City Coun
cil ami the railroad people will wait until
another session of the corporations com
mittee Is held Monday to determine the
mutter of an entrance to the road's depot
It is roughly estimated that $35,000,000
will be expended on construction work
from the west end when the St. Paul be
gins actual building. President A. J. Eurl
ing has already made inquiries in both
Seattle and Tacoma and is satisfied with
banks In both cities to handle this im
It the Seattle Council grants the St.
Paul franchise the money will pour
through this city. If the railroad" Is put
off it will probably be spout through Ta
coma and tills may result In definitely
locating the headquarters of the roud in
that city. Not until the Inst moment.
'oiM-hiiled on Van
MOST UKAITIFLL VOMX IV
Ml Kuthertne YVInterbotbum.
When asked the question. 'Who Is
the most beautiful woman in Chi
cago?" nearly SO society leadera of
that city unhesitatingly pronounced
the name of ills Katherlne "Winter
botbam. She Rained that prominence
when she appeared in the rhythmical
fantana dance on the stasc of Or.
chestral Hall at the Klrmess. for before
that time her face was little known
to Cblcasoans generally. She U of
the type of beauty seen on the finest
Dresden china. She Is a Farminston
girl, and was a debutante two years
ago, Miss Winterbothain 1a not an
' athletic girl in any stwe. She has a
beautiful contralto voice and has
studied music in Germany.
I Tk'y m ;
SENATE READY TO
PASS BATE BILL
Only Hitch Will Be on
Right of Appeal.
PROVISO WILL BE INSERTED
Railroad Senators Want It
REVISED RATE IN EFFECT
JJoocvelt Won Id Accept Change Pro
vided Commission Kate Was Xc
Suspended and Jlonsc
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington. Feb. 10. The opinion prevails In
Inner circles in Washington that the Son
ate committee on interstate commerce
will, next Friday, vote to report favorably
the Hepburn railroad rate bill, with an
amendment providing for appeals to the
eourts from decisions of the Interstate
Commerce Commission. If such report is
made, there is a very fair prospect that
the bill will be passed by the Senate after
reasonable debate, and the House will
eventually concur In the Senate amend
The statement has been made of I.io
that President Roosevelt would veto the
bill if it went to him with an amendment
providing for appeals to court, but thcro
Is the very highest authority for declar
ing that this is not so. Indeed. It can be
said with absolute certainty that both
Secretary Root -and Secretary Taft, tho
President's most trusted advisers on rate
legislation, are in favor of an amendment
such as the Senate committee proposes,
and these men would hardly commit
themselves to .such a proposition it they
were not satisfied that the President
would stand with them.
Is Appeal Proviso Needed?
When the Hepburn bill was before the
House. It was "asserted by its supporters
that there was no necessity for Inserting
a provision specltlcaily authorizing appeals
from decisions of the Interstate Com
merce Commission, and Senator Knox, in
his famous Pittsburg speech, made a sim
ilar contention. It was argued by theso
men that, under the Constitution, rail
roads would have full right to appeal to
the courts whenever rates fixed by tho
commission were confiscatory, or so low
as to require roads to operate at a loss.
Members of the "Senate committee who in
sist upon the adoption of-an amendment
authorizing appeals, take the position that
such protection should specifically be
granted to railroads, not alone that they
may appeal when rates are confiscatorj.
but that they may appeal when the com
mission puts rates so low as to yield them
less than a fair protit on business actual!)
handled. The further Insist that such
an amendment is necessary to protect the
roads against decisions of the commis
sion regarding joint rates, whenever it
enn be shown that a joint rate is unfair
to any one of the roads affected.
Keep Commission Rate In Effect.
The committee has not agreed upon the
form of an amendment to be proposed to
the Hepburn bill, and its fate will largely
depend upon its phraseology and meaning.
It is the prevailing opinion that this
amendment will require that, pending de
cision by the courts, the rate fixed by
the commission shall remain in effect
Nevertheless there is fear that some rail
road Senntors will endeavor so to word
the amendment as to suspend the com
mission's rate pending decision by ihe
courts. If the committee should frame
an amendment on this latter line, there
is grave doubt if it could be passed, even
through the Senate, for an amendment
which would upset the commission's rate
in this manner would virtually nullify
the entire bill, and neither the House nor
the President would consent to any such
House Would Yield to Senate.
If. however, the Senate committee acts
in good faith and brings iu an amendment
which permits appeals, but stipulates that
Ihe commission's rate shall remain in ef
fect until set aside by the courts, there Is
very good prdspect of its adoption by the
Senate, and later by the House. In view
of the almost unanimous vote by which,
the Hepburn bill was passed by the
House, it would naturally be assumed
that the House would be able to compel
the Senate to recede from this amendment
In case it shall be attached to the bill by
a majority vote in the Senate, but In the
light of all precedent it is not likely that
this will be done. The Senate does not
yield to the House on important matters
of legislation, and there is very little
prospect that the Senate will yield on
this point, particularly as It is known
that this amendment will be acceptable
to the President. The House may. for
effect, resist the Senate amendment for a
time. but. If the House holds out and
threatens to defeat the bill, the President
will probably take hold and advise con
currence, in the Senate amendment, pro
vided, of course, that the amendment 13
along the lines now contemplated.
Position of Speaker.
Speaker Cannon is quoted as having de
clared that, if the Senate adopts an
.Continued on. Page 3.)