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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Jan. 28, 1906)
PAGES 1 TO 12
VOL.. XXV NO. 4.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 2S, 1906.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
CALM AND SERENE
SULS THE SENATE
''Savior of the Repub
lic," it Plumes Itself.
HAS NO FAITH IN THE PEOPLE
Regards Them as "Threaten
ing" and "Unsettled."
VARIABLE AS THE WEATHER
'I Verily Believe," Says Lincoln
Steffcns, "We Look Woree to
the Senators Than They
Do to Us.'
LINCOLN STKFFENS OX SKNATK.
" I thought the United States Semite
was bad. 1 had hoard it spoken of
as "a rich man's club." I called It
once "the Chamber of Bosses." But
the Senators themselves ajjreo that
they are- "saviors of the republic
The folly or the, weakness of the
other branches of the. Government, In
cluding the people, are such that wo
have compelled the Senate to save us
The people look to our Governors at
Washington as the weather looks to
us -arlahlc. Wc arc supposed to be
"unsettled" now and "threatening
Above all our dull turbulence, out
among the frightened factional craft
of the cowardly House, sails the Son
ate, high, serene, like an ocean steam
ship steering straight at "the storm
center, the President. j
What does the Senate do? We are
a practical people. We want to know J
not that it Is beautiful, but simply J
whether the Senate represents us.
Does It? (
By Lincoln BlcrTcns.
-WASHINGTON, Jan. 27. (Special Cor
respondence.) Everything In Washington
looks different from what it did out there
in tho United States. The Senate, for ex
ample: I thought the United States was
bad. Didn't you? I had heard it spoken
of as "a rich man's club." I called it
once "tho Chamber of the Bosses." and
I had come to think that tho men who
pat there were, if not tho enemies, at
least the agent of the enemies of tho
republic 1 was prejudiced before 1
came to Washington. And you out there
in the United States aren't you a little
You are if you think not well of the
Senate. Far from being an enemy, the
Senate is the saviour of the Republic.
You protest? Well, so did I. I still pro
test. I am not yet converted, nor shall I
attempt this week to convert you. But
if we are to get the truth about things,
we must open our minds to all views, and
this is the Washington view of the Sen
ate. Oh, there are other views that are
held here, and strenuously, too. One of
the masters of the House of Representa
tives described the Senate to me at length
as a body which, legislating by unani
mous consent, could pass bills only when
ever Senator, good and bad, had ar
ranged to get out of our Government Just
what he wanted, right or wrong. "A most
expensive method of legislation," this
sober, responsible critic of the Senate
called it. But ho vas prejudiced. The
House Is jealous of the Senate. Veteran
members of the House who long have
watched the Sanate have facts and fig.
ures, stories and exhibits to Illustrate
their neighborly view of their neighbors.
And wo shall want their facts,. But our
best course is to see the Senate first as
the Senate sees itself.
"'Saviour or the Republic."
And the Senate sees Itself as the head
of the Government of the United States.
Now this was one of the charges which
I, In my prejudice, thought to bring
against the Senate, that, y usurping
power, this lesser half of the legislative
branch of the Government has so mag
nified Itself that the Constitution had
been cracked to let the Senate rub. But
I concluded last week that the President
was tho President, and, since the Senate
continues to complain both privately and
publicly, that tho Executive is encroach
ing upon the Congress, it still seems true
that, at least, the Executive Is intact. So
it rather takes one's breath away to hear
grave Senators declaring gravely that
their "House is, and of right ought to be,
the throne of American sovereignty.
Some of them read this into, some read
it out of, the Constitution, but they seem
to differ materially (and, by the way, quite
significantly), among themselves as to
the Intent of that great instrument. They
agree, however, that In the last analysis
the Senate is what It is because the Sena
tors are, and always -have been, what
they are the saviors of the Republic.
Though there is no such word, there is
such a thing as "plutogogy," and the
phrase "Savior of the Republic," dropping
from the lips of a friend of the Senate,
sounded to my unaccustomed ears like the
opposite of "demagogy." And I looked
for the smile that goes with the word
"pee-pul." but my friend of the Senate
smiled not. neither did he bat an eyelid.
Then I heard others use it, some with
real feeling. One hard-headed veteran
Senators Arc Complacent.
"I suppose you're down on the Senate.
We all are when we come here. But
Jafc j&u. anything ib&t in. a,- month.
you'll see. and you'll say, that the Sen
ate is the Savior of the Republic"
Gingerly I took the phrase, and, lest
they should think me guilty of Senatorial
discourtesy, I gently tried it upon half a
dozen Senators. I need not have been so
careful. Tho saviors of the Republic
repeated their Washington title with ad
mirable complacency, and, with various
learning in law and history and a sad
survey of political conditions in the coun
try today, they justified its wider use.
The Senate is the head of the Nation not
only because it Is the best mind of the
Nation, but because also the folly or the
weakness of the other branches of the
Government, Including the people, are
such that wo have compelled the Senate
to save us from ourselves.
The fact Is that Just as everything In
Washington looks different here from
what it does out in the United States, so
everything out here looks different as we
view it from the Capitol. The people, for
example, meaning you and me and tho
man on the street; physicians and mer
chants, lawyers and editors and wage
earners; we lose our Individuality com
pletely. We mergo into great masses, Ig
norant and powerful, unreasoning and
sometimes ungovernable. I could write
a mile on this aspect of us, and it would
do us good to sec oursolvcs as the Senate
sees us, but I can sum it all up In an inch
or two. We look to our Governors at
Washington as the weather looks to us;
variable; subject to laws and forces not
half understood: ljablc to go from
bright sunshino to the most unaccount
able storms of thunder and lightning;
and yot capable of lowering fiercely, only
to clear up and be a pleasant day. Now
this is no fancy of mine It is remark
able how often, in the short time I have
been here, I havo heard them speak of
us in terms of the weather.
People Arc Now "Threatening."
Wc are supposed to be "unsettled"
now, and "threatening," and since all
members of the House and some 16 Scn-
ators have to stand for re-election In the
Fall and Winter, some of our Representa
tives are worrying. They ask me fre
quently, as a newcomer, from outside,
whothcr 1 think this "reform wave" will
"blow over." And they Fccm to want it
to blow over. And when they speak of a
brave man they seem to moan one with
courage to Ignore or defy public opinion
and the public will. Thus one brave
statesman explained to me with contempt
that some of his colleagues couldn't "tell
the difference between a breeze and a
If they would leave off worrying and
attend to our business, doing the best they
knew how, I would be bettor satisfied;
wouldn't you? But they don't think we
would. They don't have any decent faith
in us, and I wonder if thoy arc right
about us. They think that if they could
get jobs enough to go around in their
districts and a building bill so that they
could make all of us put up Federal build
ings for some of us, then, they think, they
would be able to bribe ub to Bend them
back. They think wo are as corruptible
as a Board of Aldermen, and that if they
could give us some graft (legitimate, of
course), we wouldn't care whethor thoy
solved tho statehood problem or the tar
iff question, or railroad rates. And maybe
they are right. All I say is that from
tho top of Capitol Hill, Washington, the
view of the American people is most hu
miliating. I verily believe wo look worse
to them than they do to us.
President the Storm Center.
But never mind. Above our dull turbu
lence, out among the frightened, factional
craft of the cowardly House sails the
Senate, high, serene, like an ocean steam
ship, steering straight at tho storm cen
ter, the President. It is beautiful, and
one cannot blame Washington for admir
ing the Senate The House may say what
tho House does say:
"Oh, well, the Senators are elected only
once in six years, and then not by tho
people. legislatures elect them. We have
to go to the people themselves every two
Washington doesn't caro why. Wash
ington is inhabited by people who have
got what they came here for. Their lives
are settled and satisfactory'- Washington
wants to stand pat. So Washington looks
up to the Senate and sees It as the Senate
And the Senate sees Itself, calm and
sure, facing trouble ahead, but only such
troubles as It has faced before, and weath
ered. So the Senate Is patient of our
Impulses, more even than our representa
tives In the House are. The Senate will
stay on its course. Oil, it may veer Just
a little if we grow too violent. It bucks
tho storm center, trying Its strength.
("Do you think tho peoplo still believe In
him?" they ask, but not anxiously.) And
if tho President fights back, tho Senate
pours on a barrel or so of oil. But it
does not turn aside.
Senate Goes on Forever.
All will be still again some day. For
Presidents and Congressmen and reform
waves, they come and go, (but tho Senate
goes on forever. Democrat or Republican,
young or old, rich or poor, demagogic or
"plutogogic" the Senate has charms to
soothe them all. The Senate has man
ners and traditions; it is formal and easy;
it has free speech and implied power. Sup
posed to bo an oligarch-. It is in Itself a
democracy: a Polish democracy, somebody
called it, made up of nobles, and that is
vers' pleasant. Senators become devoted
to the Senate, and, like tho Church for the
Church, and tho Army for tho Army,
Senators, standing for tho Senate, come
to stand for what the Senate stands for.
And what is that?
I can admire the Senate. I can see
how. If I lived here long enough, I might
come to prefer the Senate as a precious
taste prefers a sonnet for its perfect self
alone. But what does the sonnet siftg?
What does the Senate do? We are a
practical people We want to k3w not
that it is beautiful, butyslmply
whether the Senate represents s. Does
What Does the Senate Represent?
I don't know. I don't know what the
Senate represents, because I don't know
what all the Senators represent in tho
Senate. But I know what some of the
Senators represent at home Looking
down upon it .from the gallery, I see
"my" Senators from my state, and 1
know what they represent at home.
Thomas C. Piatt was the boss of the
political organization which has sold ine
Editor of Town Topics Will
Have His Turn as
DENIED HIS HANDWRITING
Objects to Arrest at Dlnncr-Timo
and Insists on Riding In Auto
mobile in Style Daugh
. tcr Goes Ball.
NEW YORK. Jan. 27. (Spedal.)-A sen
sation was sprung this afternoon when,
acting at the instance of New York Dis
trict Attorney's office. Detective Sergeant
Flood arrested Colonel William D. Mann
on a warrant issued by Justice McAvoy.
of the Court of Special Sessions, charging
the port owner and editor of Town Topics
with perjury. The alleged crime was com
mitted at the recent trial of Norman Hap
good, editor of Collier's Weekly, when
Mr. Mann swore he had not placed his
''O. K W. D. M.." on the letter from
Count Reginald Ward to Moses Ellis
Woostcr, a solicitor for "Fads and Fan
cies." In which the Count asked to be
placed on the mailing list of Town Topics.
Justice McAvoy. sitting as a Magistrate,
this afternoon examined Woostcr. James
W. Osborne, who was senior counsel for
Hapgood at the recent trial, and David
N. Carvalho, tnc handwriting expert.
The letter from Count Ward to Woos
tcr was offered in cvidoncc by Mr. Os
borne. It referred to certain paragraphs
that were to appear concerning the Count,
and asked that he be put on the regular
"posting list of Town Topics." This re
quest was underlined In the original of
the letter, and was marked "O. K.. W. D.
M."' Colonel Mann, when shown this let
ter, said he had not placed his initials
Objects to Missing Dinner.
Mr. Flood entered the office of Town
Topics at 5:15, and immediately notified,
the Colonel that he was under arrest.
The latter looked at the officer for a mo
ment anu'tben said:
"This is a hell of a time to arrest a man.
What are jou going to do now? I want
to got home to my dinner?"
Rides Down Town In Style.
The detective told him he did not think
It would take long, as Justice McAvoy
had agreed to remain Jn tho Criminal
Courts building for the Colonel, so that ho
could give ball. He then suggested that
they take the subway train down town.
"Subway, nothing," Interjected Colonel
Mann. "What have I got an automobile
for? We'll ride down town In style." Tho
couple then entered the automobile and
were whisked down town.
It was Just 3:40 when Mann and Mr.
Flood reached the Criminal Courts build
ing. They went at once to Justice Mc
Avoy's rooms, where they found a crowd
of people waiting. Justice McAvoy had
grown tired of waiting and left the office.
His Daughter Goes Ball.
Justice Olmstead was telephoned for. but
before he reached the building Justice
McAvoy returned, and after going through
the usual preliminary forms, admitted
Colonel Mann to bail In the sum of $10,000.
The bond was signed by Colonel Mann's
daughter. Mrs. Wray. wife of ex-Senator
Albert A. Wray. The new Town Topics
building at 310-22S West Thirty-eighth
street was given as security.
Colonel Mann objected to having a hear
ing on either Monday or Tuesday, saying
they were his work days. It was finally
agreed that the hearing should take place
at 2 o'clock Thursday afternoon.
An effort was made to induce Colonel
Mann to talk about his case, but he de
clined, saying it would be absurd for him
to talk now.
Strike In Texas OH Field.
HOUSTON. Tex., Jan. 27. At noon
today every union man employed In
the Humble oilfield went on a strike
NAVY TO AVENGE INSULT TO
Venexuela Is to be forced to apolo
gize for the mistreatment which
Oliver Talgny. French Charge d' Af
faires, "received In Veneruela. when
leaving that country after the
breaktng off of diplomatic relations.
France U expected to make a naval
demonstration to secure an apology
in sympathy with the striking em
ployes of the Texas and Moonshine
Companies, who have been out for the
past week on account of alleged dis
crimination by these companies against
WILL MARRY OPERA SINGER
Engagement of Prince Eurgcn of
Sweden Causes a Sensation.
LONDON, Jan. 25. The correspondent
of the Observer at Copenhagen wires that
a great sensation has been caused
throughout Denmark and Sweden by the
announcement that Prince Eurgen, the
youngest son of King Oscar n of Sweden,
Is engaged to marry a Swedish opera
singer, who at present Is a resident of
Paris. It is expected their marriage will
take place in the Spring.
The Prince, if he contracts this mar
riage, will lose all his royal preroga
tives. He expects to support his wife by
An elder brother. Prince Oscar Berna
dotte. contracted a similar marriage with
a woman outside "of royalty, after re
nouncing his right to the Swedish throne.
GOV. CARTER NEARING END
Head of Hawaiian Government Is
Dying of Typhoid-Pneumonia.
HONOLULU. Jan. 27. Governor George
R. Carter is dying tonight at his resi
dence here of typhoid pneumonia. Sev
eral physicians are in attendance at his
bedside, so critical Is his condition.
Big- Order for Locomotives.
PHILADELPHIA. Jan. 27. Tho Wabash
Railroad Company has placed an order
for GO locomotives with a local firm of
locomotive builders. The engines arc to
be of the prairie type and arc intended
for delivery during the current year.
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 55
deg.: minimum. SO. Treclpltatlun. none.
TODAY'S Fair. North to east winds.
Feaceful revolution caused by British elec
tion. Page 13.
RaUuli'a raids cause civil war in Morocco.
Czar proclaims alliance with Germans".
Castro makes Indolent reply to diplomats
protest. Page 3.
Conspiracy discovered In Russia. Pago 2.
Rate bill reported to Rouse. Page 3.
Shonts must give up railroad Job. Page 3.
Bonaparte will make speech to Annapolis
hazers. Page IS.
Beef packers deny charge of briber. Page IS
Admiral Clark tells secret about battleship
Oregon's trip around. Horn. Pace S.
Plsns of Government for extending Oregon
forest reserves. Page 2.
Lincoln Steffena on the United States Sen
ate as It sees Itself. Page 1.
Military funeral for General "Wheeler. Page 3.
Dowle will turn orer all property to ZIon.
Colonel Mann of Town Topics arrested for
perjury. Page 1.
Gridiron Club has fun about Panama Canal.
Tenessee exposes campaign donations by In
surance companies. Tage
Child testifies In Chicago murder trial.
Lawyer and church member convicted of
blackmailing. Page 1.
Mrs. C A. Canfleld. wife of oil magnate,
killed in Los Angeles by discharged
coachman. Page 1.
Terrible suffering of the survivors of the
Valencia. Page 4.
Charges filed against Collector of Customs
Robb at Astoria. Page 4.
Washington loan shark threatens to fore
close mortgages In revenge. Page 5.
John Rlpllnger will probably run for Mayor
of Seattle. Page 3.
San Francisco Is the pugilists mecca.
Freno chosen by Pacific Ceast League.
Jim Corbett makes a bit as an actor.
Joe Gans and Jimmy Brltt match In the air.
Subscriptions solicited for Athens team.
Riverside Driving Association to build club
house. Page 18.
Multnomah wins boxing bouts, draws and
loses In wrestling at Seattle. Page 10.
Dr. Lcggo wins Burns handicap. Page 10.
Earp wins 100-mile automobile race. Page 16.
Football committee adopts drastic sew rules.
Commercial and Marine.
Good export demand for choice Oregon hops.
Fluctuations in stock market more pro
nounced. Page 35.
Bearish fentlraent pervades wheat markets.
Less Inquiry for Coast prunes. Page 35.
Bank statement shows smaller cash gain
than expected. Page 35.
Smooth bar 'enables large fleet of vessels to
go to sea. Page IS.
Schooner Oakland sighted oft the Columbia
River with most of her canvas blown
away. Page IS.
Two lumber cargoes and one wheat cargo
cleared from Portland. Page IS.
FortlaBd and Vicinity.
Engineers pronounce bascule draw imprac
ticable for the Willamette. Page S.
City will demand reimbursement for fran
chises. Page 1.
Armed posse surrounds house to capture
burglars, but Intruders escape. Page 24.
Canal Zone a place of horror, says a Port
land engineer who has returned from
the Isthmus. Page 9.
Elks wilt move to their new temple. Page 10
Portland may have a day nursery. Page 30.
Colored porter arrested because In sweeping
street, dust fell on Bruin's clothes.
Rose culturlsts discuss proper care and train
ing. Page 29.
Martin Ready wants his ball money back.
Mrs. Arthur Dodge, of New York, makes
address against ballot for women at home
of Mr. W. S. Eadd. Page H.
Features aad Department.
Editorial, Page 6.
Church announcements. Page II.
Claszlned advertisements. Pages 1S-23.
Alice Roosevelt's trousseau. Pages 42-43".
England's democratic Queen. Page 3S.
Lassoing a herd of elk. Page 39.
National awakening of the Chinese. Page 41.
Recollections of George H. Williams. Page 45.
Uncle Sam bringing In new food. Page 4S.
Making the footwear of the Nation. Page 40.
Miss Tingle's cooking lesson. Page 43.
Frederic J. Haskin'a letter. Pago 44.
The Roosevelt Bears. Page 48.
Book review. Fage 44!
Social. Pages 26-27.
Dramatic Pages 3S-2G.
Xuslcal. Pare 2-
JwuUCm d4trtL. Par. -
Wife of R. C. Canfield, Oil Mag
nate, Shot at Los
. Angeles Mansion.
MURDERER IS CAPTURED
Morris Buck, Recently Discharged,
Tells Police, Jlc Had Been Re
fused a Large Sum of Money
Alleged to Be Due Him.
LOS ANGELES. Cal.. Jan. 27. Mrs.
Canfleld. wife of the multi-millionaire
and oil magnate Canfleld, and a promi
nent society woman of lJs Angeles, was
shot and almost Instantly killed tonight
while sitting on the front porch of her
residence at S03 South Alvarado street, in
the fashionable section of the city. Her
slayer was Morris Buck, a former coach
man, who Is In custody.
According- to his own story, related to
the officer who captured him. Buck wrote
to Mrs. Canfield. soliciting an interview
and demanding the payment of a largo
sum of money, he alleged io be due him.
He snld his letter received no response
and he determined to seek a personal
Interview with Mrs. Canfleld. He arrived
at-the Can Meld mansion about 5:40 this
evening and found Mrs. Canfleld sitting
on the front porch.
When Buck renewed his demand for
cash, she ordorcd him off the premises.
A sen-ant of the household started toward
him and Buck drew a pistol from his
pocket. Mrs. Canfleld grabbed the pis
tol and attempted to wrest It from him.
During the scuffle, he pulled the trisger
of the weapon and the bullet struck Mrs.
Canfleld In the breast and she fell back
on the porch.
Murder Was Deliberate.
Officers who arrested Buck after a
chase of several blocks are convinced
that the man Is sane. According to the
version of neighbors who witnessed a
portion, of the tragedy. Buck first shot
Mrs. Canfield In the breast and when she
fell back on the porch he leaned over and
deliberately tired another shot Into her
abdomen. The first shot went directly
through the heart.
On Buck's person, in addition to the
pistol with which he had done the killing,
were found 2S-callbcr revolver, a long
dirk knife sharpened to a razor edge, and
several loose cartridges. Buck Is about 2S
years old. and little Is known of him.
R. C. Canfleld left home a few days
ago in a private car for the Inspection of
oil properties in Mexico. He was accom
panied by two of his young daughters. 12
and 14 years of age. Mrs. Canfleld was
about 45 years of age. and was the mother
of five children. Mr. Canfleld is the senior
member of the firm of Canfleld & Chans
ter, the largest oil producers in the state.
In Employ Five "Years.
Buck said tonight that he was employed
by the Canflolds five years ago In the ca
pacity of coachman for a period of two
months. He was not discharged, but re
signed. He returned to Los Angeles one
month ago. For several years he had
been roaming about the country, stopping
at Spokane. Seattle and other Washington
cities. In Chicago he purchased the knife
Which was round on his person by the
officers. The gun was purchased In Spo
kane. Buck said he wrote Mrs. Canfleld that
he intendol engaging In business, and
asked the loan of a small amount of
money. He visited the Canfleld home for
the purpose of seeing Mrs. Canfleld. They
conversed regarding the matter of the
loan, and Mrs. Canfleld reached In the
dlrectkn of her breast. Buck thought she
wns In search of a tlrearm. and he drew
his revolver, firing the shots.
Mr. Canfleld is returning home from
-Mexico by special engine.
New HuIIrontl for Alaska.
CARSON. Nev.. Jan. 27. Tho Appeal
states that the Seward Peninsula 'Rail
road, financed by New York and Nevada
capital, and organized under the charter
of the Nevada Trust Company, will bo
built this Summer from Nome to the
ENGLISH PIIILANTUKOPJST WHO
IS REPORTED TO BE NEAR
Baroness Burdett-Coutty. the friend
of Queen Victoria, who Is said to be
so feeble that her death is only a
matter of a few days. 1 one of the
best-known of English women. She
has given away in her life IC3.000.000
to charity and educatiosal eatesprises.
She is nearly 92 years old.
aV. mi. fllliin
Kougarok. a distance of 125 miles. The
railroad will open up a new country and
materially reduce the price of freight In
OHIO MAY PROSECUTE, TOO
Attorney-General Considers Action
Against Standard Oil.
COLUMBUS. O.. Jan. 27. "It is not
true thafT have arranged for a formal
conference vlth Attorney-General Had
ley, of Missouri, for the purpose of using
the evidence he has secured in Cleveland
In a suit to oust the Standard Oil Com
pany from Ohio," said Attorney-General
Ellis. "I shall be in Cleveland next
Tuesday on other business and had
thought, if Mr. Hadley was there at that
time, I would call upon him and have a
talk about the work he has been doing
In Cleveland. But it Is not true that I
go to Cleveland by appointment with the
"It is not impossible," said Mr. Ellis
in reply to a question as to whether he
could brinff an action against the Stand
ard. "It is not necessary- that a com
plaint be filed with me In such a mat
ter. I can do It on my volition."
HODD DON'T KNOW TUKRELLi
Ignorance or the Man Is Thick at
NEW YORK, Jan. 27. Samuel C. T.
Dodd, chief counsel of the Standard Oil
Company, denied absolutely yesterday the
statement of Louis H. Turrell, of Detroit,
to Attorney-General Hadley, of Missouri,
in Cleveland Thursday, that Mr. Dodd had
persuaded Mr. Turrell to sign his name.
F. A. Turrell, to the Incorporation papers
of the Republic Oil Company. Mr. Dodd
"I want to deny that assertion moat
emphatically. To the best of my recol
lection I have never seen the man in my
life, nnd certainly I never asked him or
anyone else to sign a wrong name to a
H. M. Tllford. with whom Turrell said
be was in the habit of transacting busi
ness at 26 Broadway, was not in the city
yesterday, but It was said at his office
that Turrell was not known there. No
one could be found In the Standard OH
building who would admit he had ever
seen or heard of Turrell before his ap
pearance at Cleveland.
The taking of testimony in the Mis
souri suit will be resumed In this city
next Tuesday. It is expected to put Mr.
Rogers on the stand again at that time.
The process-servers are still busy trying
to serve various Standard Oil men. but as
yet, it is said, without success. John D.
Rockefeller had not been served up to a
late hour last night.
"I have seen only newspaper reports."
District Attorney Jerome said yesterday,
"and I can't act on such Information.
When tho Attorney-General of Missouri
comes here next week I shall be glad to
act on any Information he may havo
which shows a crime to have been com
mitted in New York County."
Convicted of Blackmailing on Wo
LAFAYETTE. Ind.. Jan. ?27. (Spe
cial.) Joseph Eacock, attorney and for
merly an active member of St. Paul's
Methodist Church, was found guilty to
night of conspiracy to blackmail after
a trial lasting- two weeks. Eacock. who
for several days has been prostrated,
and who was brought Into court on a
stretcher at the last two days of his
trial, was unable to appear before Judge
Vinson and sentence will not be passed
until next week. His bond has been In
creased to J3300, and It is said that an
appeal will be taken.
Eacock was Indicted by the grand
jury a year ago on a charge of having-
conspired with Mrs. Lulu Grimes to ex
tort 5300 from William E. Kessler. of
Clark's Hill, under threat of filing a
suit against nim ror alleged alienation
of her affections and seduction. Several
weeks ago Mrs. Grimes and her husband
disappeared and, when they were found
in Oklahoma, she was brought back to
Lafayette and induced to testify against
Eacock under promise of immunity
from prosecution. On the witness stand
she testified that Eacock had told her
she was too good looking- to work and
gave details of attempts to blackmail
Kessler. Several prominent men gave
After the trial had been under way
for a week Eacock collapsed and two
physicians were examined, but re
ported that he was a raving- maniac and
that he might never recover his reason.
The trial was Interrupted and the court
appointed two physicians to examine
him and report as to his mental condi
tion. The physicians asserted that he
was sane and last Thursday he was
brought Into court on a stretcher and
the trial was continued.
The verdict means that Eacock will
be compelled to serve from two to 14
years in the state prison, unless he ob
tains a new trial.
ORDERS MOB INDICTED.
Tennessee Judgo Takes Vigorous
Measures to Down L-ynch Law.
CHATTANOOGA. Tenn.. Jan. 27. Ed
Johnson, tho negro In search of whom a
mob stormed the Jail on Thursday night,
was today Indicted by the grand jury in
special session. It was announced by
Judge McReynolds. of the Criminal Court,
that the negro will be tried Immediately.
According to the plans, it is understood
he will be tried Monday, and. If he should
be convicted, the execution will probably
take place on Tuesday. The court also
Instructed the grand Jury to indict every
member of the mob.
FROM THE ITALIAN COURT
King Commissions Milan Jeweler to
Execute Rich "Wedding Present.
PARIS. Jan. 27. A dispatch to the Echo
de Paris from Milan says that King Vic
tor Emmanuel has commissioned a Milan
Jeweler to execute a magnificent piece of
Jewelry to.be given as a wedding present
to Miss Alice Roosevelt.
Bobbed and Thrown In River.
CAIRO. III., Jan. 27. The body of a
woman found In the Ohio River here last
Thursday Is now supposed to be that of
Mrs. Rosa Ma'ngrum, of Nashville. Mrs.
Mangrum. the wife of a Nashville bar
ber, left her home on the night of De
cember 14, and nothing has been heard
from her since. It Is said she had over
$1000 in cash and diamonds to an equal
value with her. and It is believed she was
foully dealt with. She was bound for
Chicago on business connected with the
Young Woman's Christian Association
with which she hgjd Ireta conoecte In aaj
n enrs CAREER
Portland Must Not Make Mis
takes of the Past in Deal
ing With Corporations.
GRANTING OF FRANCHISES
Time Has Gone by When Munici
pality Will Give Something for
Xothlng in the Way or
Use of Streets.
That the City of Portland has reached a
turning point in its history, and that the
mistakes of the past in dealing with pub
lic utility corporations are not to be re
peated In future. If a general knowledge
on the part of the taxpayers can prevent.
Is indicated by the lively interest now
manifested citizens of every walk of
life in the proceedings of the City Coun
cil, an interest which is purely Impersonal
in its character, unbiased by partisan
feeling and prophetic of unbounded good
for the municipality in the years to come.
There are now pending before the city
legislative body no 'less than seven appli
cations for franchises to use the streets
of Portland for various public utilities.
Including electric light, heat and power,
gas light and fuel, steam heat, cold air
for refrigerating purposes, and surface
railways. None of these applications, the
terms of which are elsewhere set out. has
as yet passed from the hands of the
streets and Judiciary committees, tn
which all such matters arc referred, and
all arc yet subject to amendment In such
manner as will best subserve the city'3
Time Has Gone By.
It is evident, from the steps which have
so far been taken, that the day when cor
porations, no matter how strong their
backing, can obtain something for noth
ing from the people of the city has gone
by. Backed up by a charter which de
clares explicitly for short-term grants of
special privileges, limited to 25 years,
and reasonable compensation for the usa
of the public streets for any purpose,
there appears to -be a geerwal-deslre-on
the part of the city's lawmakers to in
sist on recognition of the public's rights.
Indicative of this sentiment Is the gen
eral amendment proposed by Councilman
Belding to the franchise ordinances
through which three new electric light
and power corporations, the Cascade
Power Company, the Mount Hood Power
Company nnd the Banflcld-Vesey Fuel
Company, are seeking to enter the field
In competition with the Portland General
What Amendment Provides.
This amendment, which was submitted
to the Council at its last meeting, pro
vides that none of these franchises shall
be transferred without the consent of the
City Council by ordinance; that the hold
ers shall pay compensation to the city
during the 23 years of their existence at
the rate of 1 per cent of their gross earn
ings for the first ten years; per cent
for the second ten lears, and 2 per cent
for the last Ave years; that each appli
cant shall deposit with the city as secur
ity for the performance of the terms of
its agreement $50,000 in cash or in city
bonds, pledging itself especially to com
mence work within 90 days, and to bring
into the city not less than 10,000 electric
horsepower within two years.
Executive Board Goes Further.
The city administration. speaking
through the Executive Board, has gone
even further by declaring for a still great
er, and what In some quarters Is asserted
to be a prohibitive tax on gross earnings.
Its recommendation is that the tax be 2
per cent for the first five years of the life
of a 23-year franchise; 3 per cent for tha
second five years; 4 per cent for the third
five years, and 3 per cent for the last ten
years of each of the three franchises men
tioned. In making this recommendation, the
board puts itself on record in the follow
"We find that in other cities and states
similar or higher minimum rates are Im
posed by law. The charter of San Fran
cisco Axes the minimum rates at 3 per
cent for the-Arst five years, 4 in the next
ten years, and 3 per cent for the next ten
years, based upon the gross receipts. The
laws of California provide. In effect; that
franchises similar to the ones In question
shall not be granted by boards of super
visors, trustees, county commissioners, or
other governing body of any city, county
or town, until the application therefor has
been advertised, with the statement that
bids of not less than 3 per cent of the
gross receipts will be entertained, and tho
franchises must be awarded to the high
What Others Do.
"Missouri has a similar statute, except
that no minimum bid Is specified.
"Our own state Imposes a tax of 2 per
cent on the gross receipts of insurance
companies, (less returned premiums and
losses paid), besides their fees and license
taxes. While this cannot be taken as a
criterion, it affords some basis for com
parison of values.
"It must be borne in mind that no ex
clusive franchises can be granted, and by
implication the field Is open to all comers.
"The streets of Portland are none too
wide, and every additional franchise of.
this character means additional poles,
wire:-, cables and other obstructions to
the streets and alleys, besides Increased
fire risk and difficulty in fighting fires.
Compensation for Franchises.
"In estimating the compensation to ba
paid the city for such franchises we hava
considered the fact that the grantee, will
jtCoadttiad, 9ja, Pjm