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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Jan. 14, 1906)
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PORTLAND. SUNDAY. JANUARY 14, 190G.
HAMILTON ONCE MORE.
Ill his strictures upon The Oregoni
an's estimate of Alexander Hamilton's
abilities as a statesman, Mr. N. A.
Peery .begins with a charge of unfair
ness. The Oregonian remarked that
"of all constructive statesmen that
America has produced, Hamilton was
incomparably the greatest." Mr. Peery
rejoins that only a biased inlnd could
make such an assertion. He then pro
ceeds to find fault with one and another
of Hamilton's ideas, quite unaware, ap
parently, that Washington's, illustrious
Secretary of the Treasury might be a
very great constructive statesman, not
withstanding the misfortune that his
opinions upon the structure and powers
of government do not please Mr. Peery
There are many people in the world
who would not care to dwell in St.
Peter's, at Rome. Does their prefer
ence of some other residence prove that
Michelangelo was not the greatest of
architects? Few housewives would
wish to ornament their kitchens with
the frieze of the Parthenon; .does this
discredit the pre-eminence of -Phidias
The question at issue is not whether
Hamilton's theory of government
pleases Mr. Peery or anybody else, but
whether his ideas, if adopted, would'
have formed a durable and powerful
nation. The fact Is that Hamilton's
principles, so far as ithey were embod
ied in the Constitution, have actually
proved to be the unifying and prepotent
element. Jefferson was not a member
of the constitutional convention, but his
political ideas were represented there.
These ideas were of two sorts, one per
nicious, the other salutary. In so far as
Jefferson believed in abolishing class
government and lodging political power
in the people, his thought was true and
its historical outcome beneficial. But in
so far as he believed in a nerveless and
impotent central government, his
thought was false in logic and has
worked baneful effects ever since the
Constitution was adopted. Jefferson's
disastrous fallacy was that a strong
central government is inconsistent with
popular rule. As. a matter of fact, pop
ular rule is Impossible without a strong
government. This statement may
slartle Mr. Peery, but it is almost self
evident as soon as we stop to think
what the .phrase "strong government"
really means. Some of Mr. Peery's re
marks suggest a painful doubt whether
he is quite clear upon this matter him
self, for be says: "If strength were the
chief aim to be sought in government,
this may be found in the absolute mon
archies of the" world." In Turkey, for
example, or among the cannibal tribes,
where despotism is absolute. In fact.
Mr. Peery, like many other hazy think
ers, confounds absolutism with strength.
The absolute monarchies of the pres
ent das- are the weakest governments
in the world. They are weak in three
directions. They fail to enforce their
wills upon their subjects; they fail to
keep the peace among those subjects;
and they fail to hold their own against
other nations. Russia has an absolute,
Japan a constitutional, government
Which is the stronger both at home and
abroad? .Which Is the more effective
instrument for promoting prosperity
and justice among its subjects? A
strong, government is not necessarily
lawless, or tyrannical. The strength
Which Hamilton advocated and Jeffer
son, opposed had its very essence in
the '(predominance of law. Hamilton
never advocated absolutism, but Jeffer
son did advocate principles of disinte
gration which ended in civil war.
Hamilton said that the British gov
ernment was at that time the best in
the world. Mr. Peery quotes this as a
reproach, but he will find no respecta
ble authority to deny its sheer truth.
The British government was the best
in the world incomparably the best.
It was not only the best in the nvorld
at that time, but it was the best that
mankind bad ever enjoyed in any age
or country It had faults grievous and
patent, but it had eliminated feudalism;
free speech prevailed; the writ of hab
eas corpus safeguarded personal lib
erty and Parliament had for a hundred
years enjoyed undisputed supremacy
oyer the royal prerogative. Compare It
with the French government of the
ame period; compare it with the petty
despotisms of- Germany; compare It
with the stern.cruelty of Roman domin
ion or the slaveholding oligarchies of
Greece. The British government in the
eighteenth century was the admiration
-and envy of the world. Patrjots in all
lands looked to it as an ideal. Voltaire,
driven from his own country, found an
asylum in England and wrote Immortal
praises of English liberty. The wretched-
Huguenoj.s fleeing from torture at
h6mewe're safe on British soil. . Eng
land never has yielded a political exile
to a tyrant, nor a religious fugitive to
his persecutors. Hamilton did well to
admire the British government.
That government furnished the constitution-makers
with a. stable founda
tion for their work. The alterations
they made were improvements for the
most part, though the verdict of history
on some of them is still doubtful. What
candid observer can say positively that
our Senate is an advance In character,
ability or Integrity upon the British
House of Lords? Who .is prepared to
assert that Hamilton was wrong in
wishing the executive's veto power
greatly Increased? The strong present
tendency in our polity Is to exalt the
executive and diminish or eliminate the
power of legislative bodies, just as
Hamilton desired. He deeply distrusted
those bodies, and -history has justified
Hamilton undoubtedly stated his
views to the convention in extreme
form, Just as his opponents did, in or
der to have something left after the in
evitable compromise. Nearly every
clause in the Constitution is a compro
mise it Is well known, when both par
ties yielded something. Hamilton, like
the other members, asked more than he
expected or really wished. In order to
get what he thought essential. Frank
lin did the "same. Hamilton's expres
sions of dissatisfaction with the Con
stitution in Its final form were no more
open than Franklin's, and not half so
violent as Patrick Henry's.
THE COUNCIL AND GAS.
In the circular letter which the Port
land Gas 'Company has spread broad
cast over the city appears the follow
The Portland Ga. Company i-qup-tF the
Mayor of the City of Portland to arpe4nt a
Joint committee from the Council and Execu
tive Board with authority -t Investigate as
fully as they ma3' deem proier. not only the
conduct or Us buflneffi. but ell other causes
of. complaint, and make Us report thereon.
The 14.000 consumers of gas in Port
land may weil hope that ,Mayor Lane
will do nothing of the kind." An inves
tigation undertaken under such aus
pices would not command the public
confidence- Mayor Lane has heretofore
manifested no inclination whatever to
call the gas company to account for Its
many transgressions. On the contrary,
he has shown decided partiality toward
the influential owners of that corpora
tion, and they count with certainty on
his favor and continued good will. It
is quite in keeping with the public-be-damned
attitude of the gas company
that it should attempt to prescribe the
terms on which it should be Investigated-
If the Portland Gas Company is to
be Investigated, it should be by the City
Couiuil. The Council is the body that
has to do with public service corpora
tions. It is the body In whicH1 real con
trol of such corporations is vested by
the charter and by custom, and the
Mayor has not a great deal to do with
them, except under direction of the
Council nor has the Executive Board.
If the Portland Gas Company is to have
the conduct of its affairs officially in
quired into, it should be by the City
Council, acting through a committee
named by it- Under present conditions
any other investigation would be farci
cal. WASHINGTON'S" WHEAT CONVENTION.
The wheat convention hold at Pull
man,, Wash., last week brought to the
attention of farmers and all others con
nected with the Industry a great many
features of interest and value. It not
only enabled buyers and producers- to
meet on common ground, and discuss
their mutual troubles and advantages,
but it brought out much that was of
value to all who are in any way con
nected with the industry. For years
the farmer has chafed under the be
lief that he was not getting the best
possible results for his labor and capi
tal. Political demagogues and curb
stone grain brokers have taken advan
tage of this dissatisfaction and have
endeavored to convince growers that
their lack of complete success was due
to the machinations of exporters, ware
housemen or railroads. Very little em
phasis was ever laid on the glaring fact
that a large share of the trouble wa3 of
a nature that could be avoided or nulli
fied by mdre care on the part of the
farmer In cultivating his soil and1 har
vesting and marketing his crop.
An excellent tribute to the class of
farming that is returning the -best re
sults was paid by Samuel Glasgow, a
Spokane miller, to J. F. Frye. a Lincoln
County farmer. "Mr. Frye." said he,
"has been growing wheat for more than
twenty yexirs, and in all that time he
has never had to seek a buyer, but the
buyers have always sought him. and
have paid him a premium over the reg
ular market price." It developed dur
ing the discussion that Mr. Frye,
through careful cultivation and selec
tion and treating of the best seed
wbeat. aJways produced a good crop,
absolutely free from smut or any other
foreign material.- Mr. Frye explained
in detail to his -farmer friends how this
result was accomplished, and there was
nothing in the method of procedure
which could not be followed to a corre
sponding degree of success by. any of
the other farmers present.
From the figures presented by the ex
perts of the State College, It seems
quite clear that the annual losses of the
farmers by the smut evil amount to
millions of dollars,, and yet the remedy
for the evil is simple,- and there was
abundant testimony ,to prove that
losses from this source would cease if
ordinary care were exercised in treat
ing the seed wheat. Now that the
wheatgrowers have had conclusive tes
timony as to the cause and the remedy
for smut, not only from experts who
have made most searching study of
the matter, but from men of their own
calling, a more determined effort will
undoubtedly be made to eliminate the
trouble and loss. Substitution of the
elevator system of storage and ship
ment for the present grain-bag method
was discussed at great length, and,
while the present method is naturally a
very expensive one, until steamers take
the place of sailing vessels in our grain
trade, shipment of wheat in bulk will be
confined to stock used by the) mills.
The attempt of ex-Grain Commis
sioner Reed to stir up animosity be
tween the growers and the exporters
was the only unpleasant feature of the
meeting, and, while Mr. Reed In his
paper set forth" some very interesting
facts, they were overwhelmed by the
high coloring and open mlsrepresenta
tlonhe made of existing conditions 1nthe
exporting business. The exporters are
'in the business to make all that is pos
sible out of 4t, but, with competition
as keen as It now is. and has been for
many years, such extravagant profits
as Mr. Reed asserts are made at the
expense of th,e, farmers -are simply im
possible..No betker evidence otahe truth
of this statement is necessary than the
fact that Mr. Reed, himself a grain
man of much experience, and with
plenty of capital, is apparently unable
to 'compete with the exporters he is
abusing. If there was the enormous
margin of profit in handling wheat
which, he claims there is. he would be
quick to avail himself of It.
The first wheat convention will open
up a line of thought for the men en
gaged in the Industry, and the good
work done at Pullman will not bear
fruit in its fullness until later. That
great good has been accomplished, how
ever, was demonstrated beyond argu
ment, and President Bryan and his ef
ficient agricultural experts, who were
largely responsible for the success of
the rrfeetlng, are entitled to the most
sincere thanks of all classes In any way
interested in the production and mar
keting of the greatest wealth-producer
In the Pacific Northwest. The Wash
ington Wheat Convention Is a fixed an
nual event, and it is well that it Is so.
TOR A rNITED OREGON.
The joint convention of the Oregon
Development League and the Oregon
Press Association, held under thcaus
plces and in the rooms of the Portland
Commercial Club, brought together
thoughtful and representative men from
every section'of this state. The active
members of the club have devoted
themselves from the beginning until the
close of these vro conventions to the
comfort and entertainment of their
guests, and it was remarked Friday
and Saturday, both by the visitors and
the residents of Portland; that this
gathering emphasizes the fact that Ore
gon is 'united In its effort for better
ment and development as never before.
At both sessions of the Joint conven
tions, held Friday and Saturday morn
ing, there were present many of the
best-known men of this state, while the
two afternoon sessions of the Oregon
Press Association probably accom
plished more In the matter of getting
the leading editors of the state together
In a' business way and in their work
for the development of their individual
communities and the state as a whole
tftan all former meetings of that asso
elation. At the joint conventions, as well as
at the meeting of the editors, there was
one sentiment dominant at all times,
and that was a united Oregon and the
elimination of every feeling but one
that- Oregon from the Pacific Coast to
the Idaho line and from the Columbia
River to the southern boundary of the
state was to be made known, not only
to the homeseeker and Investor, but the
traveler who desires to see the choicest
scenery and enjoy the most Invigorat
ing climate to be found anywhere In
the United States. Every man and
woman in attendance had something
good to say of the slate as a whole,
and especially of their own community.
It was a lovefeast, but at the same
time a practical gathering. In which
every representative had something to
say regarding the especially attractive
features of his town, county or com
munity. In fact, never has occurred In Oregon
since its birth a gathering better cal
culated to bring the people of the state
closer together than the two conven
tions which adjourned last night.
INVESTIGATING MR. T A IT.
The report comes from Washington
that the Senate committee on inter
oceanic canals is about to. investigate
everything and everybody connected
with the Panama enterprise. Even
President Roosevelt, it is hinted, will
not be exempt from this searching In
quisition. All his misdeeds, as well as
those of Mr. Taft, Mr. Shonts, Engineer
Stevens, and the rest, are to be laid
bare. This Interoceanic canal commit
tee is admirably constituted to investi
gate such men as Roosevelt and Taft.
The character of its members guaran
tees in advance the absolute wisdom
and impartiality of its findings.
Consider the noble names upon that
imperishable roll. Thomas C. Piatt, of
New York. Is one of them, who for so
many years has faithfully drawn a
Senator's salary while all his time and
energy have gone Into New York poli
tics and the United States Express
Company. Piatt. It Is reported. Is deep
ly scandalized to think that Shonts
should draw a salary as a railroad
president while he serves the Govern
ment on the Isthmus. Why this Is any
worse than Piatt's own little steal has
not been explained, "but the reason Is
sure to come out under the scrutinizing
gaze of New York's senior Senator.
John F. Dryden, of New Jersey, the
man who founded industrial insurance
in America, is another member. He Is
also well fitted by long and intimate
experience to Investigate graft. "Set a
thief to catch a thief" is a motto which
applies to the Panama Canal as well
as to smaller" matters. A man .who
knows how to make workingmen 'pay
twice or thrice as much for life insur
ance as It costs the rich understands
perfectly how to detect Mr. Taft In his
nefarious misdeeds. Mr. Dryden's ex
perience In promoting Insurance upon
the lives of new-born babies also quali
fies him to look tenderly after the wel
fare of the negro canal-diggers.
Their welfare is one of the chief care3
of this committee. Mr. Poultney Bige
low says the negroes on the" Isthmus
are abused and slandered by the white
officers. It seems, therefore, almost
providential that another of .the com
mitteemen is Arthur P. Gorman. His
friendship for the black race Is well
known. He has just failed In an effort
to disfranchise all the negroes in Mary
land. Naturally, therefore, their suf
ferings In Panama touch his feelings
deeply. Mr. Gorman also has had long
and Intimate personal knowledge ' of
graft. If it exists,-or if there Is any
chance for It to exist, he will find it out.
Truly a lovely Investigating commit
tee, and Its motives are quite as lovely
as Its personnel. The principal one Is
by hook or crook, by fact or'falsehood,
by fair or foul endeavor, to bring to
light something to make Mr. Taft un
available as a Presidential candidate.
The Senate cares nothing more about
the canal than It does about other pub
lic interests. It cares not how much
public money Is wasted or stolen,
though it greatly prefers to say who
shall do the stealing. But It does care
who shall be the next President, and
Taft is entirely too much like Roosevelt
to be agreeable to the conscript fathers.
Moreover, divers of that charmed cir
cle cherish Presidential ambitions them
selves. Hence a long pull, a strong pull
and a pull all together to besmirch and
But there are other motives. Cor
poration Interests are bitterly hostile to
the canal, and tho?e Interests dominate
the Senate. They cannot kill tbe canal
enterprise outright, but . they can be
devil the President, they can worry his
employes till one after another resigns
in disgust, they can send persons like
Poultney BIgelow to disseminate false
reports, and they can hamper and de
lay the work by "investigations',' like
the one now proposed.
Well-informed persons have no fear
of the outcome of this Investigation, so
far as Taft or Roosevelt Is concerned.
Mr. Shonts has probably, through Im
patience of red tape, made a mistake
or-.two, but, such as they were, they
have been rectified. If the committee
brings to light anything besides mall
clous tittle-tattle and deliberate false
hood, they will surprise the public ex
tremely and themselves most of all.
They know very well that what is
wrong1 on the Isthmus Is the result of
pernicious Senatorial meddling, and
that the Administration ls exerting
every power It possesses tof push the
work and care for the workers.
PORTLAND AND CHICAGO.
' The Chicago Tribune, an Independent,
high-toned andjfcarless newspaper, haa
an editorial article' on "Our Incapable
Detectives;" "The Chicago detective
force is worthless," says the Tribune,
and It remarks, too:
One atrocious crime after another b com
mitted here, but the detectives do not seem to
have the least succm In apprebenndlng the
criminal"'. They do not succeed even where
they have a plain trail to follow. They do not
display the average decree of Intelligence
which Is noted In th men who are In the
business In New York and other American
A detective force cannot prevent murders,
but If It Is fif for anything It can arrest moot
of the murderers. The Chicago force Li un
able to do that. Usually, when It catches a
murderer. It le because be Rives- himself up.
The Tribune advises the Mayor to
reorganize the force and tq put a capa
ble man In- charge of the detectives.
No doubt It Is hard to find a man who
is trustworthy and experienced and can
enforce the respect of his subordinates
and compel t discipline and industry
among them? It cannot be done -by
adopting a fanciful notion that because
the applicant doesn'.t know anything
about the "police business he must be
just the man for the job.
The trouble in Chicago is not unique.
There they have had murders and all
sorts of crime, and the detectives do
next to nothing. Here in Portland we
have a nightly exhibition of the Ineffi
ciency of our detective force In a sen
sational procession of burglaries, hold
ups, assaults and occasional murders.
The record of criminal achievement by
unrestrained highwaymen, thieves and
other malefactors Is appalling, worse,
we think, than for many years; the
record of achievement by the detectives
and police is absolutely nothing, with
the exception of two alleged murderers
caught through the volunteer activity
of one or more stool-pigeons.
Mayor Lane's administration Is con
cerning Itself mightily just now about
whether one or two prominent "hotels"
In Portland arc really hotels; and
meanwhile no ckizen Is safe on the
streets after night, and none can sleep
in his own" house in security from the
invasion of a burglar and a possible
King Edward, following that prece
dent which in Great Britain -is as strong
as law and is less often disputed,
dissolved Parliament, under the advice
and at the request of Sir Henry Camp-bell-Banncrman,
the new Premier.
Ever since the famous split-off of Jo
seph Chamberlain from the Unionist
government, the big Parliamentary ma
jority that steadily supported Mr. Bal
four melted away. Vainly Mr. Bal
four tried to Tnducc the ""belief
that when he blessed Mr. Chamber
lain, at the starting of bis crusade for
disguised protection, he did not mean
it. Vainly he tried to make by
elections turn on any other issue than
that of free trade. In vain he protested-
that he Is the leader of the
Unionist party, not Mr. Chamberlain,
and that "fiscal matters." as he calls
them, are not vital to the programme
on which he Invites the people to return
him to power. The electorate of the
three kingdoms know better no red
herring .will draw them from the trail,
and to settle the great question if the
nation shall change Its place before the
world on free trade on that issue, and
no other, the mass of the voters will
On the conduct of two of the great
departments of the state, and two only,
will the nation be loth to change. For
eign affairs, by general consent, have
been more than safe In the hands of
Lord Lansdowne and Mr. Balfour. How
much of the credit Is due to the King in
person will never be fully known. . If
the late Foreign Secretary has been
ready to follow the King's lead, and the
ship has been safely steered In very
rough waters In cqnsequence, the na
tion is the gainer. And Sir Edward
Grey, the new Secretary, from all that
Is known of him, will be as likely to
follow good advice.
The navy also, by the like common
consent of friends and enemies, has
been most competently and wisely
managed. This said, all Is said. The
new government Is pledged to work
havoc in the policy their. predecessors
have followed In finance. In the educa
tion department, fn the army, and In
many things In the home and colonial
offices. This means that, though the
mass of voters will act on the free
trade as the dominating issue at stake,
there will be a considerable minority,
especially of the clergy and those In
fluenced by them, who will fight to the
death to maintain existing law in these
other matters. While not venturing on
prophecy. It will be no surprise -If Mr.
Balfour and his supporters shall poll a
heavy vote In the counties and small
towns. On Ihe other hand. If the Lib
erals shall succeed In keeping the ghost
of Irish home rule well burled, the
large cities of England, all Scotland
and South Wales will probably stand
solidly by free trade.
Before the corrupt practices act was
-passed. English general elections were
a stink In the nostrils of high Heaven.
Hardly a crime on the statute book but
there found Its occasion. Riot, drunk
enness, violence, bribery, perjury, un
due influence, ranged from one end of
the land to the other and feared no
after account and punishment.
But never- was repression by force of
straight law more instantly evldent
The enactment was simplicity Itself.
Candidates were made directly respon
sible for the acts of their subordinate
agents to the last man. Illegal acts of
even one agent and even In otherwise
trivial- details, vitiated the election.
And Inquiries by the court were local.
No sitting in London and bringing re
luctant or too willing witnesses to hang
round the city waiting to testify. The
Judge of the High Court opened his
session In the city complained of. where
acts were patent and witnesses plenti
ful. On hl3 report the decision to upset
or confirm the election turned.
It took but a ver' short experience
to close for good and all the pld, foul,
chapter and to open a new', clean
page.- Excited the elections will be;
platform and wordy violence will
abound. Newspapers will accuse, de
nounce, defend to their hearts' content.
But the streets will not "run blood"
nor the jails be crowded. Nor will one
man's vote be for sale, nor be sold.
In any such fashion as to catch the eye
of Interested observers, of whom there
will be no lack. And the results will be
simple, clear, definite.
If the unlikely should occur, and Sir
Henry Campbell-Bannerman and bis
supporters should fall of majority in
the aggregate of returns, not of votes,
there will be a prompt reTersal of the
recent change and the new Parliament
will restore the nation to Its former al
legiance to Mr. Balfour and his friends.
Otherwise, the old and tried free trade
system will be maintained, the new
men will be seated firmly In the saddle
and their programme of reforms will
be played out to the bitter end.
HOW TO GO TO YELLOWSTONE PARK.
The Oregonian gives today on page 4S
full details of Its great Yellowstone Na
tional Park trip contest. Twenty-three
young ladies are for fifteen days to en
joy as its guests the hospitality of The
Oregonian. Under Its direction and at
Its expense they are to behold the won
ders and beauties of that amazing won
derland. The Oregonian pledges itself
to do Its full duty as host, and that Is
to make these fifteen days an epochal
period In the-life of every one of Its
These twenty-three young women are
to be chos: by ballot by their friends,
neighbors and acquaintances. The
Northwest territory has been divided
into twenty-three districts, .and ope
candidate shall be chosen from each
district. The districts have been so
carefully arranged that any person liv
ing In the most remote part of Oregon.
Washington or Idaho if within the
general boundaries placed for this con
test may have an equal chance with
another candidate in the metropolis.
There will be no favorites. The choice
will be left absolutely to the people in
the communities where the various
candidates reside. If the people of any
place, urban or rural, eligible to enter
this contest, desire to give a deserving
young lady a memorable vacation out
ing, they have their chance by study
ing and subscribing to the terms of
The Oregonian Yellowstone contest.
The Oregonian pays the expenses and
makes all other arrangements. AH Its
readers have to do Is to name the
twenty-three young ladles.
HOW TO GIVE IN CHARITY.
The question. "Is there such a thing,
as giving wisely to the thirftless?" Is
one that has often perplexed benevo
lence and forced a negative answer
from the reluctant lips of pity. It has.
indeed, been found many times blessed
to give to those who. through sickness
or misfortune, have found themselves
temporarily without ' means to help
tlremselves. But it has also been
found that "first aid" to persons
of this class, coming in the form of ju
dicious relief for present necessities and
followed by opportunity for self-help,
is all that is required, and that this aid
Is gratefully received and Intelligently
and self-helpfully applied.
But what of the class to whom first
aid is the first step toward further
pauperism? Who eat the bread of char
ity and merely whine for. more? Who
wear garments two sizes too large tpr
them sleeves sloppily turned back,
trousers clumsily rolled up and dresses
dragging about the feet because such
articles were given to them In this form
and the mother of the family was too
shiftless, too Ignorant or too Incompe
tent to make them over? There 13 not
a charitably disposed woman in this
city who has attempted. In a spirit of
kindness, to help this class of people,
that has not been chagrined to find her
effort futile and her bounty practically
The remedy for this or such remedy
as can be applied may. it Is said, be
found In systematized giving. To this
end the City Board of Charities desires
that all relief shall be dispensed under
the direction of Its officers, who are
paid to do the work, and by long ex
perience are qualified to do it accepta
bly. Yet this public has heard much
that, if taken even with large allow
ance, leads it to believe that this organ
ization is at times unnecessarily se
vere in its dealings with worthy people
who ask assistance: that it Is very slow
In giving aid. and that the money that
comes Into its treasury is for the most
part dispensed in salaries.
As opposed to indiscriminate giving,
discriminate giving thus supervised
may be worldly wise; but It Is held to
fall far short of the purpose which the
name of the organization implies. Still
it Is so easy, as stated by a correspond
ent, to give the wrong sort of help,
that it must be conceded that skillful
and tactful investigation should precede
the bestowal of money and supplies
upon the needy. This community is not
bound to support or even to aid a
thriftless, dissipated man and an easy
going, slatternly woman, to maintain
even in a semblance of comfort a yearly
increasing brood of children. The time
will come when it will utterly refuse to
do so. and when relief for suffering hu
manity, as represented by the mis
begotten children of such a pair will be
provided In quite another and much
more effective way.
It would not be. a hopeless task to
provide the comforts of life to the chil
dren of irresponsibility and .unthrlft
that are now with us. though the task
would be a formidable one. If the sup
ply were stopped. Lawgivers will In
time designate this way. In the mean
time, whether the public gives dlscrim
Inately or Indiscriminately, pauperism
will increase rather than diminish by
the multiplication or the poor, who be
long to .that class that is literally al
ways with us.
A pleasing feature that has been In
troduced into the literature and edu
cative life of Oregon within the past
few years Is the study of bird life, car
ried on in the woods in the brooding
season ahd made accessible to libraries,
schools and the general public by
means of the camera, stereoptlcon dis
play and books embodying the findings,
literally speaking, of careful students
of bird life. Rev. William Lord. Tor
several years pastor of the First Uni
tarian Church In this city, was an en
thusiast in this study, and his observa
tions were printed and bound In a little
book which 'is used in auxiliary read
ing In the public schools. . Mr. Will
Finley, a young man who pursued his
bird studies for several years' in the
wooded environments of this city. Is an-i
other imn who Is authority on the
birds of Oregon, their habits and their
usefulness. The latter phase Mr. Fin-
ley dwells upon particularly in describ
ing the haunts and habits of the barn,
owl, tbe red-tailed hawk and other
birds commonly regarded as the ene
mies of the farmer Instead of his
friends. Diffusion of knowledge upon
these matters among children Is com
mended as at once Interesting and useful.
Time was when the name of John C.
Breckenrldge was familiar in every sec
tion of the country. It stood for a
slaveholding Vice-President of the
United States, breathing secession and
abetting rebellion; as a candidate for
the Presidency it rang throughout the
South and touched the Pacific Coast,
and especially Oregon, by its associa
tion with that of Joseph Lane, candi
date for the Vice-Presidency; represent
ing Southern views. It was heard
throughout the bitter dissensions of the
reconstruction era. But so quickly si
lenced is the voice of man, so ephem
eral his fame, that when, a few days
ago. a man died at Yonkers, N. Y..
having gone thither from Lexington for
his health, and it was announced that
J. Cabel Breckenrldge had passed away,
the past yielded up slowly the name of
JohnC. Breckenrldge In order that Iden
tity might be given In the local news to
the decedent, who was his son.
Captain R6ald Amundsen, whose ship
Gjoa is Ice-locked In Dease Strait. In
tends, it Is said, to return to the Arctic
next Summer and bring -her out by way
of Behrlng Strait. In this event he will
have completed the Northwest passage
a. feat that, after all, seems a useless
one, since no greaf depth of water was
round, and It Is Impossible to mark a
channel in an ice-blocked strait. There
will, therefore, be nothing practical or
useful in the discovery. There is noth
ing new In It, In fact, since there has
been no doubt that water underlies the
ice of the Arctic continuously. A clear
channel through these waters will,
while present conditions on earth pre
vail, be blocked by the grim embargo
The body of Thomas Nast, the great
cartoonist of an eventful era in Ameri
can history,- is on the way to New York
from Guayaquil, via Panama. Nast
died many months ago, while serving as
American Consul at Guayaquil a poor
political job to which he had been as
signed because there seemed to be noth
ing else left for him to do. He was a
cartoonist not a politician and the at
tempt to assume a role for which he
was unfitted lost to him his hold upon
the admiration of the people to whose
amusement he had'eatered for a num
ber of years with his clever pencil. His
body will reach New York in due time
and the green curtain will be rung
down on the last act in the drama of
the life of Thomas Nast.
Pope Pius X is democratic. The faith
ful may see him at any appropriate
time. He loves youth. Throughout
Rome he Is organizing athletic clubs.
He hates shams, therefore he-has begun
a campaign to rid Rome of unattached
priests who disgrace the church by beg
ging. He is not on the best of terms
with the college of cardinals, but is
clove to his bishops. He is an Intensely
human pope. Interesting from every
point of view- His personality is well
set- forth in an article by James Gib
bons Huneker. the. well-known New
York writer, who recently had an audi
ence at the Vatican with his holiness.
It Is published on page 30 of today's,"1
The 'decision rendered 'by Judge .Cle
land to the effect that a wife In this
state can convey her separate property
by her sole deed Is the recognition of a
principle of "woman's rights" for
which there has been contention for
half a century. It is well known that
Oregon laws are more favorable to the
property and personal rights of women
than are the laws of many states that
claim a much older civilization. This
is In accordance with the fact that old.
conservative communities are slow to
change their customs, either social or
legal, while the Western people re less
committed to precedent and habit.
Chief Campbell is strictly within the
line of his duty in ordering an inspec
tion of a building in this city in which
several fires have broken out within a
short time, endangering life. It' Is not
prudent to ignore imperfections in a
building in which a number of people
live and sleep, and trust to luck that
nothing will happen. Competent In
spection will readily decide whether
this structure is safe or unsafe. If the
latter. It should be reconstructed or
condemned; If the former, guests can
sleep In It unvexed by dreams of cre
mation or specters of property going up
In smoke and fire.
Dr. Endlcott Peabody, of Groton
School, who knows football from a to
Izzard. contributes to the current num
ber of Harper's Weekly an article
warmly defending the game Itself, but
condemning the spirit In which It Is
now played. He would cure the fault.
This, he declares. Is largely due to pro
fessional coaches, who teach unfair
methods and dishonest tricks. Rid col
leges of these coaches and you have
taken the first step toward getting the
right spirit Into the game.
The matter of acquiring the Forestry
bulldlng by the city has been definitely
settled. James J. Hill will pay for hav
ing a concrete foundation placed under
the quaint building; the city has ac
quired the site at a very reasonable fig
ure; an exhllbt of forestry of consid
erable value goes with the purchase or
donation, and the deal is satisfactory to
all concerned. Here's to James J. Hill!
May he live long and be 'appy!
To the multitude of men and women
who. for various reasons, are not Im
pelled to attend divine worship In
churches, we commend the sermon "The
Impartial God and His Love." by Dr.
Newell Dwlgh HIHIs, published qn
page 37 of this issue of The Oregonian.
Andnow the struggle between Gould's
Pacific Railroad and Harrlman's com
pany over right of way through Oak
land. Cal.. has developed into a chess
game. This. Is reassuring. Suppose it
had turned into a football contest, as
feared a week ago?
The New York concern which said it
could cure any disease and even raise
the dead is in the hands of the author
ities. We suppose there is no way out
of It but to fall back on life Insurance.
Rogers now. complains of the flip
pancy and frivolity of the Investigation
against him hi the Standard;OII cases.
The Jolly Rogers Is, at his jokes again.
THE SILVER LINING.
Many a young man loves an heiress for
himself alone what's the -matter with
The wedding was beautiful. It beggared
description and her .father.
Since you give me -permission" to be
quite candid with' you, to be quite candid
I think I'd better not.
The worst thing about dismal people
who are. gloomy at the prospect of goin?
to heaven is that they don't go.
A connoisseur is a man who pays more
for second-hand articles than he would
have to give for a new one.
There Is. no simpler, purer or more ra
tional life under the sun than that of the
middle class American in his normal con
dition. Outside of the maelstrom of "ma
chine" politics or Wall-street speculation
the twin curses of the country he can
be high principled and honorable both in
business and In private life. The 70 per
cent of Americans who live outside of tha
great cities eat the bread of honest In
dustry and have no wish for any other.
They know nothing of "graft" and "taint
ed money" except what they read in the
newspapers. If they were inclined to be
lax. .the American woman is there to
brace them up. She continues to be what
she always has been a great moral pow
er. The game of divorce Ms not worth th?
The Rev. Charles II. Parkhurst, of Tei.
derloin fame, thus comments on th
Standard Oil officials after contemplating
their attitude in the Missouri investiga
I have read the account of the proceeding".
It Is a pitiful scene which no honest or self
respectlnjr man could have been a party to.
It Is a confession of Kullt a. self-lndlctment.
I am shocked that the Rockefellers and their
associates have lent themselves to such a
farce. These are the men who are endowing
our universities and educational schools
from -which our younjr men are irraduatinx
each year. It marks a depth of self-admitted
d. gradation and crlmc-stalned methods that
Is appalling and In procedure asido from
criminality It is contemptible.
And yet Henry H. Rogers and his crowd
go right on eating regularly. The world
doesn't stop or break loose. There isn't
any second crucifixion, or anything. Some
thing Is wrong somewhere.
Good News From Beyond the Styx.
Readers of the latest Issue of the Cham
bcrsburg Valley Spirit were somewhat
startled on observing the following re
markable error in the arrangement of
BUT SMALL FIRE UOSS.
Record of Deaths in Grccncastle During
the Twelve Months Which
Ended Dec 31.
When a man in court refuses to answer
a question because an honest answer
wouldincriminate him, the Jury, the law
yers and the judgo are compelled to re
frain from putting any construction upon
his refusal. But people who are bound by
no legal subterfuges aro very apt to think
that the refusal to testify Incriminates
him more than anything that he might
Dealer This bird doesn't-swear.
V Customer Then I. won't take.' him; I
want" a 'good,- healthy- parrot. v
, f '
His automobile Is fast occasionally in
the mud. ' f "
Help yourself to rain. Take all you
want. You can wqt everything here ex
cept your whistle free of charge.
He Don't you think marriages arc maI
She Well, if all men were as slow as
you, they'd have to be.
The librarians needn't bother: if a book
is too Improper to put in the library. If
won't be necessary, anyway, for every
body has probably read It.
The anniversary of the engagement
ought to be celebrated as well as the mar
riage, for it was the original cause of all
Old English Saying:
Take out. then take in.
Bad luck will begin.
Take in. then take out.
Good luck comes about.
The Cook I think stories of high life
are so interesting.
The Maid Yes, but the best ones are
not fit to print.
Circumstantial evidence: The girl knew
there were no young men at the hotel be
cause all the hammocks were swung In
such light places.
This Is from W J. Lampton: -.
It's a fraUd!
He. . .
Charles E. .
Norton; you know. ,
Wllllnff to ko .
Joining rank . ,
With the cranks.
It's a fraud!
Doctor, don't you fool yourself
Take a drop to cool yourself
Ere you bo and pool yourself.
With those who advocate "the. killing off
of the hopelessly Insane, hopelessly diseased
and victims of accidents."
While there's life.
There Is hope
So go easy
With the dope!
Is It true humanity.
Ts It good Chrlstlanlty
Thus to cure Insanity
Snuffing reason's flickering flame"
Platter not your vanity
Murder with urbanlty
Is murder Just the same.
Take the victim from the wreok.
-Lay him on the shelf.
Stop the faint and falling breath
Administer your "easy death"
Just "give It to him In the neqlc:
But suppose It were yourseltf
While there's life
There 13 hope:
Then go easy
With the dope
And. doctor, life will be, easier, happier
and better for you and others If you scurry
back to the ways of classic Academe. Stick
Effects of Heat;
Whether a body gains or loses weight
on heating, or neither, is a problem of
possible Importance. A comparison of
the attraction of two bodies at different
temperatures can hardly be made, and
Poynting. an English physicist has tried
the plan of weighing a body when cold
and again when heated. With great care
It was shown that the solid body weigh
ing 208 grammes lost 0.003 of a milli
gramme on being heated from 13 degrees
to ICO degrees C.