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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
TIPS SUNDAY OREGOXIAX, PORTLAND, JANUARY 14, 1906. 3
IE CLOSED IN
Suspicion That Explosive That
Killed Steunenberg Was
Made in Hotel.
WITNESSES ARE EXAMINED
At Preliminary Hearing Eleven Per
sons Give Testimony "Behind
Closed Doors, When Ad
journment Is Taken.
B0I3B, Idaho. Jan. 13. The -preliminary
hearing of Harry Orchard, alias Thomas
Hogan. on the charge of murdering ex
Govcrnor Frank 'Steunenberg was begun
today at Caldwell, beforo Probate Judge
Church. After 11 witnesses had been ex
amined, court adjourned until Monday.
The public was excluded from the hear
ing by virtue of the .statute making It the
privilege of the defendant to have the
Joseph H. Hutchinson, who whs Lieutenant-Governor
during the second admin
istration of Governor Steunenberg. was on
the stand. He gave it as his opinion that
the explosion was from some very high
explosive other than ordinary dynamite.
He found the piece of the flshline with
which the mine is thought to have been
exploded It was Mr. Hutchinson who
made the first examination of Orchard's
room at the hotel. He told of finding
jome powders and some plaster, of paris.
There was a towel tied 'over the door
knob, he said, that covered the keyhole.
Sheriff Kdward Bell, of Teller County,
Colorado, identified the prisoner as a man
who was wanted in his county on suspi
cion of having a hand in the blowing up
of the station at Independence. In which
13 lives were lost. He jsald he had a war
rant for Orchard's arrest, issued In h!a
county, and that extradition papers had
been Issued for the roturn of the man to
Colorado In case he was not convicted of
the crime for which he was being held
Deputy Sheriff W. R. Thompson, of
Cripple Creek, identified the prisoner as
the mflii for whom he had searched with
a warrant for a year and a half.
Mrs. J Li. Martin was called. Her tes
timony was to the effect that she lives
about three blocks toward town from the
Steunenberg residence, and that on sev
eral occasions during the last of October
or the first of November she saw Orchard
pass her house, going toward the Steun
enberg residence, and that on one or two
occasions she saw him with field glasses
leveled toward the Steunenberg home,
which he was evidently studying care
fully. Judge W. AV. Snell. who was interested
in the real estate business in Nampa. tes
tified concerning a conversation had by
himself and the accused man the day be
fore the explosion. He had been intro
duced to .Orchard, and the latter claimed
to be looking for real estate Investments.
He talked with Orchard about an hour,
and Orchard claimed to have made con
siderable money (he latter por. of tihe
Summer, buying and shipping sheep to
Colorado for Winter feeding.
The point which the prosecution wished
to make by this was that Orchard was
In Nampa on that particular date and
that he returned to Caldwell on the aftor
non train that day the same train on
which cx-Governor Steunenberg returned
home from an absence of several weeks.
The testimony of A. Bartlett. the propri
etor of the Commercial Hotel, at Nampa,
concerned the report of Orchard's pres
ence in Nampa on the date specified.
Bartlett testified that Orchard left an un
usually heavy valise at his hotel during
' his stay In Nampa. He returned to Cald
well on the next train west, taking the
valise with him. This valise was not in
Orchard's possession, as far as the offi
cers have been able to learn, when he re
turned to Caldwell.
The hotel clerk at Caldwell described
Orchard's demeanor about the place, and
some other witnesses gave testimony on
Governor Gooding has arranged with an
other detective agency to begin work on
the case, but not to interfere with the
work of the detectives previously engaged.
ORCHARD MUCH INTERESTED
Testimony About Fisliiinc and Towel
Makes Him Sit Up.
BOISE. Idaho, Jan. 13. (Special.)
Throughout the day's proceedings in
the hearing of Harry Orchard at Cald
well, Orchard maintained a very non
chalant demeanor, excepting upon two
occasions. There were two pieces of
testimony which attracted his marked
attention. They seemed to disturb
him and they likewise aroused notice
able special Interest on the part of his
attorney. They were two statements
made by J. H. Hutchinson, one with
reference to the finding of the piece of
a flshline and the other that respecting
the towel on the doorknob covering
The Interest shown by Orchard when
he told of the piece of flshline being
found was rather suggestive. While
It may or may not have meant any
thing, the circumstance attracted at
tention because of the theory that the
bomb was pulled oft by use of the
flshline and that the murderer pulled
the line after him when he escaped
from the scene.
It was pointed out again by every
one who has examined into the mat
ter that the flshline was no doubt
chosen because it was strong enough
to be depended on and which the crim
inal could pull in after he ran and
thus carry away the evidence of the
manner In which the dreadful deed
was done, it was to be supposed that
the line would remain Intact and that
no evidence whatever would Te left
upon the scene, However, it can be
readily understood how the. flash from
the bomb may have burned off this
section and thus defeated the purpose
of the murderer to carry off all evi
dence of the means used In discharg
ing: the Infernal machine.
Orchard's fishing-rod reel, found in
his valise had the line removed. The
thought that struck those who heard
the testimony respecting the towel
was, of course, that It was placed there
for the purpose of preventing any one
from peeping through to see what
was going on inside. Still, It Is a lit
tle difficult to understand the rather
excited Interest -with which the ac
cused and his attorney took In this
feature of the day's evidence.
Toung Mansfield, who is to meet Warren
Zurbrick before the Vancouver Club next
Thursday evening, has taken up training
quarters at Vancouver, and is putting on
the finishing touches over the Columbia.
He is a husky young fellow, and appears
to be capable of giving a good account
of himself in the roped arena.
Zurbrick is doing the final work in pre
paring himself for the bout in Som.li
Portland, near the foot of Arthur street.
and says he will be In .splendid condi
tion on the night of the bout.
Joe Stott will probably referee, the affair,
as he Is acceptable to both principals and
has officiated in that capacity before.
Hill Line in Okanogan.
BURLINGTON, Warii.. Jan. 13. The
Great Northern has just completed the
purcliare of 60 acres adjoining this ctly,
for depot grounds and warehouses for
the new road now being built across tho
northern part of the State of Washing
ton to connect Burlington with Wilbur,
in Lincoln County, 27S miles away. This
road will follow up the Skagit River and
cross the Okanogan country on a 2 per
cent. grade, and will tap a rich agricul
tural, stock-raising and mining region.
The Hill Interests will use the new lino
merely for freight trains, as the gain In
easy grades is 6 per cent.
Surveying parties are now cross-sectioning
tho new line In the Cascades, and
construction work will be rlgorourty pros
ecuted. It is expected that the new line
will be completed in time to move the
crop of 1907.
POPCORN EiS LONG FAST
SALEM QUAKER. TJIO NOT EAT FOR
From a Robuxt Man of ISO PonntU,
Claude Barker I Sorr a Mere
Skeleton ef 136.
, SALEM. Or.. Jan. 12. (Special.)
With a supper of popcorn and canned
tomatoos, Claude Barker, a younp man
residing in this city, ended a 3-day
fast tonight. During the period named
no food has passeJ his lips and water
has been his only drink. Convinced that
he had received a divine command to
abstain from food, he turned a deaf ear
to the arguments of friends and the
pleadings of his father. A loss of 4-
pounds In weight is the only Inconveni
ence he admits he has suffered. Hun
ger has not annoyed him. nor has he
lost in activity of mind or body.
Barker is a man of 24 years of age,
who came to Oregon a year ago from
Sheridan, lnd. He is a bright, well
educated young man. being a graduate
with honors from the Westfield Indi
ana Academy In the class of 1302. Until
six weeks ago he was employed by the
Oregon Wholesale Nursery Company
in thl city, and has been a regular
attendant at the Friends Church in
North Salem. A close student of the
Bible and an earnest worker in Sun
day school and prayer meeting, he be
came a valuable and esteemed' mem
ber of the congregation.
Early in December Barker's appetite
failed him and a few days later he felt
commanded by the Lord to fast. He
ceased his usual work, refused all food
and spent his time in meditation. After
two. weeks' fasting his pastor, J. P.
Price, became alarmed and remonstrat
ed with him, but to no avail, and lately
his father, H. A. Barker, came out from
Indiana and argued with his son, with
no better result. A few members or
the congregation upheld the young
man In obeying what he believed to be
the moving of the spirit. When an
Oregonian correspondent visited Bar
ker tonight he was Just sitting dotvn
to break his fast.
"This afternoon," he said in answer to
an Inquiry, "the spirit moved me to cat
and directed me to begin tonight with
corn and canned tomatoes. I enjoy the
meal, but no more than I would under
.ordinary circumstances. During these
S4 days I have at no time been more
hungry than I would be in -the middle
of the forenoon while eating three
"meals per day."'
Barker was not free in his conversa
tion and evidently did not seok pub
licity, but answered questions frank
ly. When asked why the Lord had not
sustained him In weight ns well as in
health and strength during his fast,
he replied that God made the law of
nature and will not set them aside, but
he felt sure the fast would not be
continued longer than his system
would bear. He says that during tho
fast Scriptural truths have been re
vealed to him more vividly than ever
before and the meaning of manj pas
sages made more plain.
Barker expresses regret that 7iis
friends have felt concern for his wel
fare and says there was never any oc
casion for anxiety. He says that news
paper men were sent to him tonight
by the spirit to convey to his friends
the Information that his fast had end
ed and thus terminate their fears.
Some who have heard of Barker' fast
doubt the truth of the story, but those
Who know him do not. From a man of
robust physique at 180 pounds' weight
he has shrunken to a bony form of 135
pounds. His clothes are now many
.lmes too large and cheoks that were
formerly plump are now shrunken.
During his fact. Barker has kept up
his interest In his church work, taught
a class in Sunday school and went
about town much as usual. He never
mentioned the fast unless approached
upon the subject and not until today
was his story known outside the small
congregation of the Friends' Church
in North Salem.
Would Investigate Agreement.
WASHINGTON, Jan. IS. The Senate
committee will meet on Tuesday to take
up Senator Bailey's resolution calling for
an 'investigation of the monetary agree
ment put into effect on the Isthmus of
Panama, whereby the Canal Commission
guarantees to maintain the standard, of
the Panama currency.
Flanagan and Finnegan Discuss the
PAT POWERS' thirst parlors were the
scene of another set to last night, only
Gineral KJllfeather by some misfortune
"I got a letter ir'm Johnny-tin Born,"
said Mr. Flanagan, proudly, "an he
called me Esquire, Jawn Flanagan, Es
"Did he sent ye a kiss?" asked Mr.
"He did not," replied Mr. Flanagan,
"Mcbbe he wud If he got ye away fr'm
home," said Mr. Finnegan, encouraging
ly; "I didn't ax Johnny-tin his Idees Iv
electing Sinniters," continued Mr. Fin
negan. "I didn't want to J?e soup'perfloos;
I was afeerd ho'd think I landed wld
Pat Bruin, or spot me fr a bakcd-alr ray
former sacrificing me all In th unmuz
zled pullplt. or wan iv thlm mlllincholly
pathrltes whos now crooning, lf ye elect
th' slobs to cinch th Jobs, th' Jobs will
go an the slobs will stay, an thin I
was afeerd he might say, I decline to
answer be advice of counsel.'
"But since Johnny-tin has taken me Into
th' bosom iv his confidence wld a tupenny
worth Iv Ixpirt testymoney, I'll folly his
smoke wld th' enthusclsm Iv a caddie an
hurroo to him, 'Johnny-Un. me bhoy.
ye're th' champeen golfer., yc-re strike off
Is a gobble: ye got th silk sox gessin' an
th ol chieftains sprinting; go to 'em wid
y'r putter, drive "em wld y'r driver, mash
'em wld y'r m&shie. ye-re th Androo
Carneygee Iv th' Pawcific, ye-re th Folk
Iv ol Oregon, ye-re th' illoqulnt Shoat Iv
th' defenseless masses: I'm wld ye all th'
more fr the soo'cWc Iv yr whiskers, an'
POWER FROM RIVER
Filing of 10,000 Inches Made
on the Deschutes.
TAP NEAR SHEARS' BRIDGE
Flume "Will Convey Flow for Several
3Iiles Down Stream to Develop
Electricity Possible Con
flict on Rights.
SALEM, Or., Jan. 13. (Special.) The In
terior Development Company today made a
filing on 10,000 cubic Inches of water per
second on the Deschutes River, at a point
about "31 miles south of the Columbia
River. The company proposes to taKC tne
water from the river a short distance
south of Shears' bridge, a well-known
crossing, and convey It through a flume
down the river several miles, where it
will be used to furnish power for the gen
eration of olectricltyi By conveying the
water in a flume a considerable fall is
secured at the place where the water Is
turned back Into the river bed. 'F. W.
Newell Is secretary of the company and
J. G. Kelly engineer.
If this company intends to take out of
tho stream the full quantity of water
mentioned, there Is promise of conflict
with the Irrigation and power filings al
ready made higher up the Deschutes Riv
er, fbr, according to claimants already en
gaged in a contest, the appropriations
made in the vicinity of Bend exceed the
GAME ENDS WITH CRIME
Saloon Man Shoots Two Patrons
While Engaged in Fight.
NEW YORK. Jan. 13. (Spcclal.)-Jamex
Fox. aged 24. and John Scanlon. aged 23.
are dying In Bellevue Hospital from bul
let wounds In the back, side and head,
while Samuel Abelman. proprietor of a
raloon at 5"t2 First avenue, and his bar
tender. John Flshelman. are In the sta.
tlon-hou.c: charged with the shooting.
According to Abelman. Fox and Scanlon
came into his place tonight and starfd a
game of pool. They began to quarrel and
when FIshcIman tried to separate them
they turned on him and were beating him
badly when Abelman drew his revolver
and fired a couple of shots, intending to
scare them and attract the police. Then
the bartender took a pistol and the tir
ing became general. When the police
man on the beat arrived the two men
were unconscious 'on the floor and tho
proprietor and his bartender were stand
ing over them with revolvers In their
FRIGHT TAKES WOJIAX'S LIFE
Jury Finds Theft of Diamonds Was
Cause of Mrs. XaftaTs Death.
ASBURY PARK. N. J.. Jan. IX (Spe
cial.) The murder of Mrs. Norris Nafta!,
who was found dead in her apartments
on December 13. is still under Investiga
tion, and the mystery is still Impene
trable. The Coroner's Jury, after hearing
IS witnesses, rendered a verdict that Mrs.
Naftal's death was due to fright result
ing fom the robbery of her diamonds by
som person or persons unknown. The
verdict was reached after Frank PerdonI
and Gdward Norris, the flrst charged with
the crime and the latter held as an acces
sory, were examined at length before the
Jury, who, disregarding the array of evi
dence in possession of the Prosecutor, re
fused to hold the prisoners. PerdonI and
NorrJs, notwithstanding the verdict were
taken back to Jail to await the action
of the grand Jury.
BOTH CLAIM THE VICTORY
Printers: and Employers in Xcw York
Will Continue Strike.
NEW YORK. Jan. 13. (Special.)
Tho strike committee of Typographical
Union No. 6 and the strike committee
of the New York branch of the
Typothetae both Issue statements to
night claiming victory in the strike
that has been on since the flrst of the
year, but despite these statements,
there is no change during the last 48
hours and apparently both sides have
settled down to a fight to a finish. The
advantage still rests with the strikers,
as they won over most of the largo es
tablishments and are now enjoying a
weekly Income from printers that arc
at work sufficient to enable them to
pay substantial strike benefits and
thus hold all of their men in line.
The Typothetae claims that all of Its
shops that are affected are being: oper
ated to their full capacity by non
union men and that all orders are be
ing filled. This the union men deny,
declaring that not only are the plants
in question running short, but that
the girls who have been secured to
take their places on strike are dis-
Td like to throw me arms around ye in
a necklace lv love. "
"I wuddent mind ye-re gibberish If I
know'd fwhat yr talkln about," said Mr.
"I knowt. Flanagan, I knowt." said Mr.
Finnegan; "an I wuddent mind Johnny,
tin If he was more raytrospectlve; but no
man can be prospective in th whirlwind
Iv a rayform riot. They'se wan thing
about Johnny-tin he's nobody's under
growl. He's as free an Invigorating as a
New Bedford east wind. Ye don't catch
him pracUclng Patrick HInory before a
looking'-glass, nor shovelling -gas wld a
pitchfork, nor punching morals out Iv a
typewriter, nor shaking his fist at Pat
Powers. Gineral Killfcalher, Jim Foley
an Cad Wlllums. atln' up th end lv a
peroration wld 'If, this be traysln. make
th' most lv IL Gawd help us, Flanagan;
our fathers left us a fine Government, but
th dlvll sent us some queer people.
Johnnny-tln has as mutch use fr th
grafters, macheens an bosses as JIdge
O'Day has Cr th' goo-goo DImocrats an
th' Jidge told me yesterday he wuddent
throw thlm a plank to cross hell.
"Johnny-tin has trun down th gage lv
battle to th bosses an grafters an he's
goln to make wan meal iv. thlm If they
don't plzen his food."
"Will I sign th pen to th' postal card?"
asked Mr. Flanagan.
"Sign any dam thing what comes fr'm
Johnny-tin; It will add to th' gayety lv
our domestic felicities; It's alsler to sign
it than figure It out; sign It, fr ol sake's
sake. Tr th' many happy nights when
we had th blush lv ute on our facts;
sign it to get him talking; sign it to shet
him up; sign It to get him going; sign
Jt to keep him still; Tr Johnny-Un Js go
ing to he our next Sinnlter or our next
Sinnlter will bo Johnny-tin's, perhaps."
abllng the expensive Mergenthaler machines.
Trowel Men May 3Icrgc.
MINNEAPOLIS, MJnn.. Jan. 13. (Spe
cial.) After 15 yeans of separation the
Bricklayers' and Mason? International
Union and the Association of Stonemas
ons are approaching a union. A commit
tee of ten of the former body, now In ses
sion here, has been in conference with
a similar committee from the stonema
sons, convened in St. PauL While- no
definite report has reached the conven
tion, the general Impression Is that the
conference will result In a merger. Rep
resentatives' from Kansas City Structural
Ironworkers, who arc on strike against
the American Steel Bridge Company, ap
peared and, asked that the convention re
fuse to allow its members to lay stone
over Iron erected by nonunion workmen.
No action was taken.
The morning session was spent In com
mittee, save for a short time at the open
ing, when William Dobson, the National
secretary, presented hi? annual report.
8QXER COIN FOR COLLEGES
SENATOR FILKS WILL INTRODUCE
BILL I.V CONGRESS.
Chinese Yoatb to Be Educated With
Sum Paid ! JademHliT"
SEATTLE. Wash.: Jan. IX (Special.)
United States Senator S. IL Piles will in
troduce in Congress a bill appropriating
the J20.0O,O paid this country by China
as damages in the Boxer uprising to de
tray expenses of Chinese students to be
educated In American colleges. A part of
this sum. It is proposed, shall be expend
ed In schools conducted by Americans In
A bill prepared under the direction of
the faculty of the University of Washing
ton has been forwarded to Senator Piles,
and the co-operation of Coast educational
institutions has been asked lu the cam
paign. Out of this movement, it is be
lieved, will grow something satisfactory
to China, and resulting in abandoning the
boycott against American goods.
The measure was agreed upon at a meet
ing of the faculty of the University of
Washington, with A. W. Basil, promoter
of the Canton-Hankow and other Chinese
railroads, and an Intimate friend of many
high Chinese officials, and Dr. W. A. P.
Martin, an educator long employed In
Chinese schools, who came West to wel
come the high commission Just landed at
San Francisco. Mr. Bash has been offi
cially designated by President Roosevelt
and Secretary of State Root. Mr. Bash
started the movement on the Coast be
cause he has a resident here, and be
cause he believes the Pacific Coast States
originating the movement would strength
en the fight. For that reason the co
operation of Oregon and California edu
cators was asked.
Under the plan adopted here, the in
demnity money would be spent: First, to
Invite Chinese students to the United
States and provide for their education
In this country; second, to aid worthy
American colleges already established in
China: third, to provide for helping Chi
nese students at the American Consul
ates In China.
PRIOR FORGERIES LARGE
Distributed Among Banks Until the
JLosscs Arc Wholly "Unimportant.
CLEVELAND, Jan. 13. The Plain Deal
er today says:
Leland W. Prior's forgeries thus far
brought to light amount to T(O.000. They
consist of two Issues of $300,000 of Alpena.
Mich., bonds; one issue of $100,0 of Can
ton bonds and one Issue of J100.0CO of
South Sharon. Pa., bonds.
These securities were so distributed
among various banks as collateral that
the loss to the various banks will be but
trifling and wholly unimportant.
FORGERIES FOR $150,000.
Prior's Debts. Arc $1,200,000, and
Cause Another Failure.
CLEVELAND, Jan. 13. In well-informed
financial circles here today it was be
lieved that the liabilities of the firm of
Denison, Prior &. Co. will aggregate not
less than 31.200,000. and that possibly the
sum may be as high as 3L500.GCO.
A member of the bankers' committee ex
amining Into the affairs of the firm stated-today
that the extent of the bond forg
eries committed by the late Leland W.
Prior cannot be estimated because there
are no entries in the books of the con
cern touching that phase of the matter.
So far as could be learned today, the
forgeries approximate J15O.O0O. as follows:
Alpena, Mich., water and light bonds
5250.000; Canton. O.. water extension
bonds, $100.00; South Sharon, Pa., Improve
ment bonds, $100,000.
ANOTHER FIRM. DRAGGED DOWN
Parsons, Snyder & Co. Fall Through
Crimes of Prior.
CLEVELAND, Jan. 13. Parsons, Snyder
& Co.. stock and grain brokers, with of
fices In the Hollenden Hotel, made an as
signment this -morning to J. A. Smlthp-an
attorney. Parsons, Snyder & Co. are
members of the Cleveland Stock Exchange
and of the Consolidated Exchange In New
York. It Is stated- that they did much
business for Leland W. Prior, who com
mitted suicide Tuesday.
It Is understood that Denison. Prior &
Co. held as collateral about $73,000 worth
of securities belonging to Parsons, Snyder
& Co., and the suspension of the former
firm precipitated the failure of the latter
today. The total liabilities of Parsons.
Snyder &. Co., It is believed, will not ex-
FRANCE W0NTSH00T TOWN
Little Trouble Is Expected to Come
WASHINGTON. Jan. 13. (3pecial.)
The breaking off of diplomatic relations
between France and Venezuela will not.
in the opinion of State Department offi
cials, mean a bombardment nr tun r-t,
of that republic, or any present attempt.
io oiocKaae mem oy tne aggrieved gov
ernment. It Is likely the French fleet now
at Martinique may be ordered to La
Guayara to take away the French
charges at Caracas.
There Is some talk of the President
nding a special message to Congress on
the Venezuelan situation.
Calhoun Will 31ake Rcportl
WASHINGTON. Jan. 13. Mr. Calhoun,
the President's special Minister to Vene
zuela, has telegraphed Mr. Root from Chi
cago that, he will submit early next week
the report on the asphalt controversy
called for In the department as a basis
for the resumption of active negotiations
with Venezuela, looking to a settlement
of the claims. The cable company has
reported to the Secretary that Its lines
connecting with Venezuela are Interrupt
ed. It is Intimated that they have been
cut. and that therefore bo word has come
from Mr. Ruseell, the American Minister,
to indicate what is going on In Caracas as
a result of the crista la the Freach-Vene-zula
The best 1.50 Shirt ever shown
in Portland; more than 1000 to
select from. Extra
ARDENT FOR PEACE
But Germany Would Fight to
Save Her Honor.
ATTITUDE IN CONFERENCE
"Will- Itcscnt Attempt or France to
Corner Her on Moroccan Ques
tion People Would Itally
Around the Kaiser.
CHICAGO, Jan. 13. (Special.) The
Dally News Berlin cable on the Moroc
can situation says:
Germany goes to the Moroccan con
ference In a thoroughly pacific mood,
but ready to resent any attempt on the
part of France's friends to push the
Fatherland Into a corner or anything
else savoring: of huraillatiqn or intimi
dation. Tho most ardent advocates of
peace In Germany are positive that
such an affront would be more than
the Kaiser would tolerate and they as
sert that the country would rally
around the Emperor Instantly. It Ger
man honor were to be thus put to the
test. It is hoped that France and Brit
ain will realize this at the outset and
will govern themeslves acordlngly. If
they do not, there Is great danger of
This sums up Germany's opinion on
the eve of the great diplomatic strug
gle at Algeclras. It also tallies with
the official asurances that have been
conveyed to the United States Govern
ment, which has been informed that
Germany docs not want war and that
she cherishes the fullest possible confi
dence that war can be avoided.
An overwhelming majority of the
Kaiser's subjects feel that It would be
better to make France a present of
Morocco than to provoke a European
conflagration. "When they contemplate
such things as this week's annual re
port of the Hamburg-American Steam
ship line, showing what tremendous
profits German shipping is earning,
they realize what a crushing blow war
would Immediately deal to German In
dustry and insist such risks must not
be thought of.
Yet It cannot be too strongly empha
sized that these same people are ready
to risk their Industrial prosperity and
everything else. If France and Great
Britain or any of their combination at
tempt to overawe or Isolate Germany
or to compel her to give way In the
face of sheer force. Germany, In short.
Is ready to yield much In the Interest
of peace, but will not budge an Inch If
It Is apparent that the Fatherland Is
being- crowded or surrounded.
WHAT GERMANY WILD DEMAND
Her Delegate Wants International
Control and Open Door.
PARIS. Jan. 13. "A correspondent of the
Echo de Paris had an Interview with
Count von Tattenbach. one of the German
delegation to the Algeclras conference,
on board a train between Paris and Bor
deaux. He says Count von Tattenbach
Is convinced that the Sultan of Morocco
sincerely desires that the conference shall
arrive at a suitable reform programme,
but that the Sultan and the Moroccan
Foreign Office cannot accept other re
forms than those which shall be the sub
ject of an international agreements
Germany, he says, will require France
before the conference to give guarantees
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$ 3.95 Overcoats, 8 to 16 $2.98
$ 6.00 Overcoats, 8 to 16.. $3.98
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to maintain free and open commorco in
Morocco, that the financial institutions
be made international and that the po
lice be controlled by the various nations
In their spheres of interest, but that,
above all, Germany wishes the open door
to be as wide open as possible.
SPANISH SPIRIT IS STIRRED
Moroccan Reform Conference Causes
Excitement in Algeclras.
AI.GECIRAS. Spain. Jan. 13. This
quaint old town Is gradually awakening
as the day of the opening of the confer
ence on Moroccan reforms approaches
and the usual Spanish lethargy has given
place to a burst of animation and ex
citement. AH the public buildings and
bridges are resplendent with crimson
decorations and tapestries. Sir Arthur
Nicholson, head of the British delegation.
Is the first representative of a leading
power to reach Algeclras. He arrived
Mr. White, the American Ambassador
to Italy, will reach Algeclras Tuesday.
Mohammed el Torres, the Moorish For
eign Minister, with his retinue. Is ex
pected Monday. Samuel R. Gummere. the
American Minister to Morocco, of the
American delegation to the conference,
will probably travel In company with the
The gathering of many warships adds
a touch of picturesqueness and signifi
cance to the scene. The British squad
ron numbers 21 ships, and France has
three. The American warships are at
tracting the attention of the Spaniards.
This Ig one of the first visits of American
warships to Spanish waters since the
Spanish-American War, and the natives
are commenting on the fact that Rear
Admiral Slgnbee. who is in command of
the squadron, was aboard the battleship
Maine when she was lown up in Havana
CONFLICTING CLAIMS APPEAR
Discussion of Morocco Shows Where
PARIS. Jan. 13. The diplomats guard
edly refer to the possibility of the confer
ence not succeeding in settling Morocco's
future and the situation's remaining ex
actly the same after as before, with the
consequent continuation of disputes be
tween the rival powers.'
M. Leroy-Beaulleu, the well-informed
writer on political science. In a lengthy
article, contends that the principal object
desired Is the maintenance of Morocco as
an empire as long as possible, but. should
the empire break up. France ought to in
herit a legitimate but moderate portion,
consisting of territory along the Algerian
frontier, while Spain should obtain the
rest of the territory bordering on the At
lantic Ocean. The writer adds that the
status quo would be preferable to an in
ternationalized police, finances and pub
lic works, which would merely occasion
confusion and regrettable and perilous In
cidents. Count von Tattenbach, Minister of Ger
many at Lisbon, and the second of the
German delegates, before leaving Paris
for Madrid on his way to Algeclras. said
he thought the conference would last two
months, owing to the necessity of the Mo
roccan delegates consulting with the au
thorities at Fez. He believed that the
longer the conference lasted, the better
would be the results obtained.
FEARS OF FRANCE CAUSELESS
Germany Only Wants Security for
Moroccan Open Door.
ST. PETERSBURG, Jan. IX From In
formation received by the Foreign Office
here. France is clearly alarmed at the
possibility of complication during the Al
geclras conference, owing to fear that
Germany will pursue an aggressive policy.
Premier WItte and Foreign Minister
Lamsdorff regard these apprehensions as
unfounded, being evidently convinced
from their Berlin advices that Germany
has no intention of going behind safc
raaralRg th open-door policy. Neverthe-
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loss, as France's ally, Russia Is bound to
The reports that Great Britain has given
France assurance of her support are con
firmed. Huertas Declares for Amador.
PANAMA. Jan. 13. (Special.)-On the
eve of the departure of delegates from
Panama City to the Liberal National
Convention, to be held at Santiago de
Veragua on January 15, when that party
wlll reach a decision on the proposal for
the removal of the capital there from
Panama, a statement has been issued by
Generalissimo Huertas. ex-commander of
the army of Panama, in which he depre
cates the possible Issuance of a pronun
clamento. against President Amador and
urges the people to rally to the support
of the conciliatory policy of tha Presi
dent and to preserve peace.
Because. In one day of 10 hours, recently,
the almshouse barber of Bcthnal Green, Lon
don, shaved 230 men. there la some talk of
r?!slnr his vases.
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