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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
THE, SUNDAY OBEGOXIAX, rORTIiAISP, JANUARY 14, 1906.
Struggle for the Control of the
Great Northwest Has
OREGON'S VAST RESOURCES
Jn Addition to the Wealth-of Tills
Commonwealth There Is the
Trade of the Orient
By Frank Ira White.
That the greatest railroad move
ment of recent years In the United
States has set in to the Pacific Coast
states, and is particularly centralized in
the Northwest is now generally recog
nized by the public and even the technical
journals are commenting upon the reason
for the expenditure oC hundreds of mil
lions by transcontinental systems already
jn the territory and of others to extend
their own tracks to Pacific tidewater.
Briefly stated, traffic is the pot of gold at
the end of tho railroad rainbow on the
sunset shore of the United States toward
which no less than four great systems
are racing, and for the protection of
which other great systems are fortifying
advantageous positions already possessed.
It is but a few years since people mar
veled at the ability of the Southern Pa
cific and Santa Fe railroad to handle the
SOW cars of citrus fruit grown In a single
year in Southern California, and the $000
cars or 10.000 cars of deciduous fruits of
that state, the products reaching about
those totals for the first time In the same
or successive years. "With these figures
in mind and they are enormous when It Is
considered that the fruit movement ex.
tends only over a period bf about four
months .for the entire crops pondep that
i.,,K- chtmnontc rT Wnslimclnn and
Oregon have assumed' such proportions
that the Northern Pacific. Great Northern
and Ilarriman lines will handle during 190
about 200.000 cars, or an average of more
than lfi.000 carloads each month for the
entire year, and the explanation of the
railroad building movement is in your pos
Fifty Years Ago.
It is more man v years since mc smiva
.of Oregon and Washington were popu
"lated by the first colonists in any great
numbers, and it is a quarter century
slnco transcontinental railroads linked the
Pacific Northwest with the section of the
Union east of the Rocky Mountains, but
the people were slow to appreciate the
pomlnc value of the forests or llr. spruce.
'hemlock, yellow and sugar pine and more
valuable but less abundant varieties of
lumber found in the forests of the region
o richly endowed with timber wealth.
Washington was most aggressive in de
velopment of its lumber industries, with
the result that Its timber has been most
oxtenslvclv depleted, though the 1500 or so
mills cutting Its product need have no
fear of any lack of material for- their
saws during the next quarter century,
perhaps. As the forests of "Wisconsin,
Minnesota and Michigan were depleted
lho. big operators, many of whom had
previously sustained pleasant tramc re
lations with the Northern Pacific and
Groat Northern Railroads, were disposed
to continue these relations at the other
end of the Hill systems, and transicrrco
their mills to Washington timber lands
acquired in many Instances from the rail
road to which the tonnage resulting wouia
be furnished for shipment.
Oregon of Today.
Oregon today has more standing tlm
ber than any other state of the Union,
and with mills numbering about oOO. cut
tine enough annually to build a fence five
foot high around the earth at the equator
and enough besides to Inclose the united
States, would keep this number of saws
hiiav for 150 years. Within the terrl-
torv between Portland and the sea. a dl
rcct line of about 60 miles, and south of
the Columbia River for an equal dis
tance. Is sufficient standing timber to
keen the mills of Portland turning out
more than one-third of the annual cut
of the state steadily In operation for 3
It is this tremendous tonnage assured
to supply the enormous demand of the
states lying betwen the Mississippi River
and the Rocky Mountains, in the most
extraordinary development the world has
;ver witnessed, that the railroads are
' seeking to share. While people generally
think of Oregon and Washington as un
developed states, the shrewd financiers
and traffic officials at the head of Amer
ican railroads wink the other eye in dis
cussing how interest is to be met upon
bonds for construction pending the
growth agriculturally, transplanting of
population from the overcrowded East,
.. and completion of Irrigation projects for
thev know that the lumber traffic is al
ready in sight and insures earnings com
mensurate with their ability to obtain
cars and locomotives and provide tracks
over which to operate them for years to
oome: that during tnis penoa tne ouicr ;
-development is to proceed by rapid strides j
and that beyond and greater than all else
. is the future' traffic with -the Orient, al
ready a potential factor In creating the
West-bound tonnage that malces the haul
profitable in both directions.
Markets in the Orient.
China, Japan and Oceanlca are
steadily Increasing the consumption of
v American manufactured goods or ma-
terlals produced here that are utilized
advantageously In manufactures In coun
tries of the Far East or lor Qreadstuns.
. Cotton, raw and In the cloth woven on
.American looms, is an important ex
port. Tiie cmnese nave aiscovereu
tint n-hont nr $1.25 Tier 100 TJOUndS Is
an economic substitute for rice as .an
article of diet, and the wheat pro
duced In the Northern States is of the
high percentage of gluten that makes
the greatest number of loaves of bread
to the sack, hence appeals to the Ori
ental far more strongly than the wheat
. of most other climes. Notwlthstand
- Ing the unfortunate boycott of Amer
ican goods by the Chinese in several
' important centers by the guilds or
Chambers of Commerce of that empire,
the American railroad manager has
uch confidence in the g-ood sense of
. American business men and power of
-.-American diplomacy that he feels any
embarrassment to trade, though seri
ous at present, will be removed and
not interrupt the advance. Structural
iron and steel from the mills of Du
. , luth, of Pittsburg: and of Colorado are
another source of traffic to the Pacific
seaboard for trans-shipment t'q the
- other side of the greatest ocean.
.Struggle Between Railroads.
Wfho is engaged in tne ngnr. ior rail
road supremacy on the Pacific Coast?
Is it a fight between Hill and Harrl
man growing out of the famous North
ern Securities contest? What will be
its logical outcome? These are some
, of. the questions asked and to which
"-''the answers 'returned are at strange
' To tho writer, who has studied some
of the problems at close range, it
would seem that the correct answer is
that all of the great powers of th
American railroad world are engaged
in tho contest, each in the interest of
the system or group of railroads to be
benefited by one particular road or
system enjoying its share of the traf
fic for the long haul across the con
tinent or between the origin and des
tination of the freight without divis
ions with any other road on any basis
The fight is between James J. Hill and
Edward II. Harrlman only in so far as
the interests of their gigantic, systems
clash in the Northwest. Harrlman al
ready has a route down the Columbia
River on a water. grade, on the south side
of the majestic stream: Hill is building
one down the stream on the north bank.
In order to be on an equality with his
rival in moving freight at a cost as low
per ton per mile. Ever since the original
traffic and trackage agreement between
the Northern Pacific and O. K. & N. was
repudiated, the Northern Pacific has
hauled its traffic over heavy mountain
grades and the Great Northern has done
likewise since that road was built. Now
that both are controlled by the same mas-
er hand, the road is being built down
the north bank of the Columbia, over
which trains of both will enter Portland
and convey traffic to Puget Sound through
the gorge of the great river, instead of
across bad mountain grades.
Not Caught Xapping.
With the rival system bordering the
north line of Oregon, which has been
completely within the control of the Har
rlman system, excepting that the North
ern Pacific enters Portland and claims a
share of traffic from the metropolis and
Immediate tributary territory, the result
is quickly manifested in railroad building
under way or projected for 190G by the
Harrlman system companies. Already in
LINES BUILDING AND PROJECTED
Western Pacific (Gould), from the western terminus of tho Rio' Grande
system in Utah to San Francisco Bay. with branches projected to Oregon;
G5 miles under construction. This project Includes extension of the Nevada-Callfornia-Oregon
Railroad and its standardizing.
Portland & Seattle (Hill). 241 miles down the north hank of the Columbia
Itlver. over which trains of the Northern Pacific and Great Northern will en
ter Portland on a water level route; building.
Chicago. Milwaukee & St. Paul, from Evarts. S. D.. across the Rocky
Mountains to Butte, through Lolo Pa to the Bitter Root Range, and down to
Columbia Basin along the Clearwater, thence by diverging lines to Tacoma and
Seattle on Pugot Sound and to Portland, with a branch to Spokane; mileage
about ICOO. under construction and survey.
Chicago & Northwestern, from the present terminus near Casper. Wyo.. to
Salt Lake City and northwest across Idaho to Boise, across Central Oregon to
Tortland. and north to Puget Sound: estimated mileage about 1200.
Oregon Kastern (Harrlman). across Oregon from .east to west, connecting
the Southern Pacific at Kugene. 123 miles south of Portland, with the Oregon
Short Line at Ontario, on the Idaho-Oregon border, and with branch Hnes ex
tending throughout Central and Southern Oregon to tap the great Government
reclamation projects at Klamath Falls and In Malheur and Harney Counties,
and the Carey-art projects of Crook and Lake and Northern Klamath Coun
ties; about 300 miles, under survey.
Oregon Western (Harrlman), from Drain, on the Southern Pacific. 1G2
miles south of Portland, to Coos Bay. tb most Important inlet of the Pa
cific Ocean between Puget Sound and San Francisco Bay besides the Co
lumbia Itlver; 81 miles, under construction.
Denver. Northwestern & Pacific (David H. Moffat), building through
Northwestern Colorado to Salt Lake City, projected to be extended to Port
land, with feeders into the timber districts and agricultural regions ef the
state; total mileage estimated at about 1300.
Spokane & International (Canadian Taclflc). from Spokane. Wash., to a
connection with the Canadian Pacific near the International boundary.
control of the field and In touch with its
every industrial pulse-beat, the wizard
of Union Pacific, Southern Pacific, Oregon
Navigation and Oregon Short Lane was
not caught napping, for he had already
provided the finances and authorized con
struction of lines ontlrely within Oregon
to cost nearly $20,000,000 when the first
shovel of earth was turned for the north
bank road. Whether or not the Hill com
panies propose invasion of Oregon: before
the engineers of the Northwestern or the
Moffat road, or the Milwaukee set grade
stakes. Harrlman will be able to travel
over many miles of new track In the state
occupying his private car. The best moun
tain passes, the routes of least resistance,
tho regions of richest traffic promise are
being occupied, and those who come after
must expect to pay for their tardiness In
entering the contested territory.
Mileage of Xcw Railways.
Almost 5000 miles of new railroads arc
Lto be built not merely projected by ir
responsible speculators who hope to sell
out to competitors are provided for by
the responsible heads of the Harrl
man, Hill, Gould systems, David H.
Moffat, of the Denver. Northwestern &
Pacific, the Chicago, Milwaukee &. St.
Paul and Chicago & Northwestern. To
these may be added another thousand
miles of feeders, branch and Independent
roads to connect various sections with
these main lines, all north of San Fran
cisco. It was the dream of Jay Gould, founder
of Missouri Pacific as a system, to estab
lish a transcontinental railroad that
should extend from the Atlantic to the
Pacific: it remained for his son and suc
cessor at the head of the system to ac
complish the undertaking. The Western
Pacific now building from a connection
with the P.Io Grande Jn Utah, near the
southern end of Salt Lake, to San Fran
cisco Bay will practically complete the
chain under one head extending from
ocean to ocean. But the road Is not
merely to satisfy a whim. It is to enable
traffic officials of the Gould system lines
to dictate terms to other systems that
have for years given divisions of traffic
that suited their own convenience.
It Is to share Jn the trans-Pacific ship
ping that passes through the Golden
Gate, to claim a part of the movement
pf California traffic and to enter upon
new fields of conquest that the Gould
system is reaching the coast. That is
why it has in contemplation extension of
one of its tentacles north to the forests
of Oregon, to the port of Portland and
the great waterway of the Columbia
River, from connection with the main
artery In Nevada.
Chicago & Northwestern.
The Chicago & Northwestern enjoys
certain elbse relations with the Harrl
man system, in that Its through over-.
land limited train and transcontinental
through mail service Is a Joint ar
rangement, but the Northwestern de
sires a voice in division of traffic and
wants the full through rate Instead
of a divislpn on heavy freight traffic
Therefore the company is providing
the necessary millions from the coffers
of Its bunkers and bondholders to ex
tend from Western Wyoming to Port
rand, to Puget Sound and into the irri
gate districts of the Inland Empire
of Oregon. Washington and Idaho.
Financial directors of the Chicago.
Milwaukee & St. Paul see justification
in the traffic of Oregon and "Washing
ton for the expenditure of $50,000,000
in building from Evarts, S. D., to
Idaho. Washington and Oregon, cross
ing the Rocky Mountains over heavy
grades and at great cost. In order to
reach out for division of business with
Mr. Hill and Mr. Harrlman at Portland,
at Spokane, at Tacoma and at Seattle.
All these giants of the railroad and
financial world are engaged In a con
test for a share In .the immense nat
ural resources of the Northwest, which
citizens of the states do not compre
hend at their true value. The forests
are commonplace here, but people of
the inland states clamor for the beau
tiful lumber produced from the fallen
trees. The shipping that passes In and
out of the Columbia is but a. speck on
tho -surface of the broad ocean, but 1'
is worth fortunes in freight tariffs.
According t E. B. Osbom. .who lectured
recently at tho floral Colonial Institute.
London. Canada's immlirrantif are beet Jn the
following order: Scotixnrn, Americans Enj;
)Uhmen, ScaBdlsaviaas. Gersiaac and Douk-
JUST FOR FO 0TB ALL
Many Students Don't Go
College to Study.
LEAVE AT END OF SEASON
System Productive of Bad Results,
and Is Prevalent In Xorth
west Dozen Players Stop "
"Work This .Year.
nr Twl A. McArtbur.
After the efforts to secure revised and
more rational rules in football, tho next
Trtt important movement among the
enthusiasts of the gridiron Is the one by
which it is hoped to do away with the
cla."S of students that enters college just
to plav the game. "College for football's
sake" Is getting to be very much of a
reality, and the abuses that have devel
oped under the system have become large
With the development of the game along
other lines. It has been found necessary
to recruit men in order to get tnom Dig
enough and "strong enough to play the
game One alternative Is for the coaohes
regular professionalism, while the other
is to get well-known men to come to
college just to play on the gridiron.
Sometimes the coaches and manager have
to find work for their "proselytci. which
is merely an effort to evade the spirit
and letter of the rules regarding profes
After due consideration of the large
amount of criticism that Is now being
bestowed on football, it Is fairly apparent
that most of it Is being devoted to abuses
that do not occur in the Northwest. As
a rule, the playing In this part of the
country is not rough, and the men who
Dartlclnate are not "muckers." though
occasionally one may be found. With one
exception, there is an honest effort made
by nearly all concerned to make and keep
football on a high level In Oregon and
Xorthwcst's One Exception.
That one exception Is the very matter
of getting men Into college Just to play
the game. Three Oregon collegiate Insti
tutions have opened after the Christmas
holidays, only to find that about a dozen
"gridiron stalwarts" have forsaken the
classic lines of Horace and the bewilder
ing intricacies of differential calculus and
have, according to reports from their re
spective Institutions, "accepted positions
of trust in the business world." What sort
of positions and in what particular busi
ness world, we are left to surmise. It Is
getting to be a common thing to read
every day or two that "Sx-and-so, the
well-known guard or tackle, has been
compelled to quit college," but generally
these "So-and-sos" bob up again when
college opens next Fall, ready to don the
Rose an Example.
No better example of this spirit can be
used to Illustrate the situation than that
of Ralph Rose, who is alleged to have
registered in half a dozen colleges at one
time or another, and. like a bee. eventual
ly flitted on to some other flower about
the time the "exes" loomed up big ahead.
It Is said that Rose hung around the
University of Michigan for nearly two
years, and in that time never took an
examination, and if such is the case, his
academic standing must indeed have been
nice. This pampered hero of the gridiron
and track finally announced that he could
lick Jim Jeffries, and then quit college
for good. Last week Ralph was reported
from Modesto, California, not in college
again, but this time incarcerated In the
municipal bastilc. because he had no ap
parent means of subsistence. It Is sup
posed that he is In training for his pro
posed iig ngnt with Jim.
According to all reports, the Middle
West seems to hold the palm when it
comes to professionalism, the real thing.
v itncss tne remarks of Colonel Frank M
Joyce, a Minneapolis Insurance man. and
an ardent supporter of the University of
Minnesota, when asked if he had ever
hired football players for the university:
i aon t Deueve anyone does that any
more." said the Colonel, blandly. "Men
hired that way are not good players. We
nirea a launary-wagon driver once, a hln-
husky fellow, to go out and play, but he
was no gooa.
Michigan, too, has come In for a share
of rebuke, and it is often charged that
Willie Heston went to Ann Arbor simply
to piay tne game, but the fact remains
that he stayed there four years, which Is
contrary to the general custom of the
class of men that goes to college for
football alone, and that he did the full
work. Heston's case might be summed
up In the famous remark of ex-Senator
James Murfln of Detroit, who said
"Willie is not a cultured boy, when he
starts to eat, he arranges his nankin as
though he were going to shave, but my.
you ougnt to see him hit the line.'
It is reported from Wisconsin that the.
college work of the past season's captain.
Edward J. Vandcrboom. consisted; of ora-
vory. sociology, consuiuuonai taw and
football. This Is -also a pretty state of.
anairs. , j
Fro m the above It can be Inferred what
the result will be unless the present ten-
dency in the Northwest is stopped.
Too many men are slopping work after
tho end of the lootball season. The Unl-
vcrslty of Oregon reports one man out of
college, and last week It was announced
from saicm tnt .ration ana iicncxio
failed to return to Willamette after the
vacation. The stand taken by President
Coleman Is to be commended when ho
says that students who leave college.
without satisfactory reason will not bo
allowed to enter again.
From Corvallls comes the Interesting
information that six or eight football
players have decided to atop whirling on
the collegiate mcrry-RO-round at the Ore
gon Agricultural College One or two
players leaving Is bad enough, but when
nearly the whole team stops work to wait
ror tne following season, it Dcgins to
look 'suspicious. Tho college lads give
up their efforts to secure education for
farming, business and Third Lieutenancies
In the Philippine constabulary.
The whole tendency i3 bad. and will be
productive of worse results. The principal
remedy that -has been suggested Is to re
quire a year's college work as a pre
requisite for participation In athletics.
This would put a stop to such conditions
as exist at Corvallls .and elsewhere. Suf
fice It to say that tho rules must come,
from the faculty and not from coaches
and managers. This Is the part that the
college officials will have to play in the
present football reform movement.
TRAVERS IX PRAISE OP GOLF.
Young Eastern Player Tells of His
Experience In the Game.
"I have never regretted that I took up
golf." said Jerome D. Travcrs in an inter
view recently. "One can hardly be too
young in beginning." he continued, "for
the suppleness of youth Is an Important
factor In getting a good swing. 1 began
by knocking around with an old driver
that had been spliced for me by my cous
ins. My first stunt was trying to drlvo
from a windmill to the house my parents
lived In Summers. I wasn't strong enough
to cover the distance, so I finally began
to look upon the job as an Impossibility.
"The next Winter I guess X must nave
increased rapidly in strength. Anyhow, in
the Spring I teed up my ball one day and
drove off. never thinking that I should
reach the goal. Imagine my surprise when
the ball crashed through the dining-room
window. All the toward I got was a
"My earlier playing was all done on the
Oyster Bay course, which at that time
was kept In pretty fair shape, although
the grass along the sides was rather high.
However, that gave me good lessons in
"I haven't been much of a library
golfer. About the only golf book I have
read carefully is that of alter J. Travis.
from which T gained several points, but I
have learned a good deal more by watch
ing Travis and other first-class players.
For example. I noted that Travis never
moves his head In making certain mo
tions. "My game may. perhaps, be called a
composite, for. while I learned my driv
ing in a large measure from Alexander
Smith my putting wus acquired more
from Travis. I rend what tho latter had
to say nbout putting, first off one foot
then off the other, and then practiced
faithfully to find out .which one suited
me the best.
'From what I know of other sports
there is none that I would exchange for
golf. It Is satisfactory In itself, and In
addition it brings one in touch with an ex
cccdlngly fine class of sportsmen."
DRAFTED MEX COST MORE
Baseball Managers Make Rules for
Coming Year's Play.
CINCINNATI O.. Jan. 13. The changes
in the National agreement relating to
drafting, which have been agreed to by
the National and American leagues, as
well as the. minor leagues forming the
National Association, were formully an
nounced by Chairman Hen-man. of the
national committee, today. These
changes Increase the price for all drafted
players and limit the number of players
to captain the University of Cali
fornia football team next season. Is
a senior In the Collese of MInIn?.
and tegUtcrs from Sacramento, lie
will return to Berkeley In the Fall
for post-graduate work, and as he
haa not played four years, he will be
eligible for the team again. He
Played right end In the big Stanford
California game In November, and
wa? one of the best players of the
blue and gold eleven.
At a recent meeting of the athletic
committees of California and Stan
ford, Elliott was named a member 'of
the advisory committee to assist in
forming new rules for the Intercol
legiate contest between Stanford and
to be drafted from class A to one and
provide that the full price must be paid
af lno Ume lne dnUt maae
Rule fixing a line for a player playing
longer than the prescribed time without
a contract, and a similar fine for clubs
disposing of players contrary to the pro
visions of the agreement, was provided.
Train-Wreck Hurts Many..
ZANESVILLE. O.. Jan. 13. (Special.) A
westbound passenger train on the Zanes-
ille &z Western road crashed into a load-
I cd coal car Just west of Fultonham at
I noon today. In the overturning of the
I locomotive and the wrecking of the ten-
j dcr, William Martin, fireman, of. Colum-
i bus. was killed, and Lafayette bowers,
I engineer, and George EInsel.NmaIl. clerk.
I both of thi city, wcrcnertousiy injured
i a number or passcngcR-wcrc injurcu, out
1 rvel seriously.
' WILL CAPTAIN THE CALIFORNIA T
FOOTBALL TEAM NEXT PALI. I
Roy Elliott. j
Roy Elliott, who has been chon l
GOSSIP OF SPORTS
Holyoke Girl Startles the Ath
GREAT SPRINTING RECORD
Oakland Judges Set Down. Jockey
McBrldc Indefinitely In a Turr
A special from South Hadley, Mass.,
ays: By sprinting- low yaras in xi --
seconds and doing her wonderful
jumping feats. Miss Helen Buck, ot
Manchester. N. H., a Mount Holyoke j
College girl, has electrified the athletic
She ran 100 yards In 10 2-5 seconds,
cleared 20 feet 1 inch In the broad
Jump, 5 feet 5 Inches In the high ex
hibition game, and after all this ex
ertion she did not show the least trace
of exhaustion. ,
She is 5 feet 7 inches in height,
weighs 155 pounds, and is 22 years old.
Her remarkable ability is due to ra
tional open-air training, extended over
practically her entire life.
"My athletic training began as far
back as I can remember. she ex
plained. -It was conducted along the
line recently recommended by a
prominent college president that Is,
up to my 15th year my physical edu
cation consisted In the out-of-door life
of the natural, fun-loving boy.
"Such a life as this may not be pos
sible for every girl, but It was very
easy for one who has four brothers. I
soon learned how to run. Jump and
throw a baseball in true boy fashion.
Then one of my brothers taught me the
correct methods of running and Jump
"This out-of-door life gave me a
stronp constitution. There were no sick
headaches for me nor absent marks on
my school report card."
Jockey McBrldc. one of the best
riders now performing at Oakland, has
been sot down indefinitely, and the
judges arc on the trail of a turf scan
dal that is likely to Involve a well-
known plunger and a prominent book
maker, both of whom are operating at
McBrlde's ride on Romalne on Sat
urday week is the effort that tripped
him up. On that day Romalne was an
odds-on favorite. Instructor being the
only contender. The cliquo that ru
mor has credited with controlling Mc
Brlde's rides dumped a large wad of
money In on Instructor, and It was no
ticeable that certain books took liber
ties with Romalne's price that were
In marked contrast to their usual surc
tblng tactics. The race was run. nnd
Instructor won. McBrlde lost ground
everywhere it was possible to do so.
and his finish was not the sort that he
makes on a heavily played long shot.
The result of investigation Is eagerly
watched for by the San Francisco track
EXGLISHMAX'S IiOVE OP SPORT.
Americans Buy Outdoor Amusement,
AVliIIc Their Cousins Make It.
In one of his recent lectures In Milwau
kee. Burton Holmes is reported to haVe
said, substantially, that the English peo
ple always found time for sports. There
was never an Incentive to transact bus!
ness strong enough to cause them to ut
terly ignore sports, and social duties were
naturally subordinated to the Idea.
In England systematic Indulgence in
sport Is a pleasant duty, but a duty nev
ertheless. English office and store men
stop work early enough to insure them
selves at least two hours' exercise a day.
and the English artisan takes two half-
holidays a week In which to enjoy sport
and exercises. Sundays even come In for
a reasonable Indulgence in sports, and in
many places master and servants get to
gether for a general good time.
In England the people make sport; in
America wc buy It. There the people arc
part of sport and here they are on
lookers. Happily the interest in golf is
changing this, to some extent, but we arc
still far away from the English Idea of
joining In personally.
The principal trouble with Americans is
they have not allowed sport any regular
time in the schedule of life. The large
majority of hours have been given to
work and Its necessary opposite, sleep: a
little time has been put down for eating,
and what remains Is devoted to worry
Ing about others. It is a fact that after
an American passes the age of 23 years, as
a general rule, he loses all proficiency in
games and seldom indulges In them. The
Englishman walks, at' least, and spends
some time in sports,
With general Saturday afternoon hoi!
days In the cities there should be a great
gathering of people each week :or sports
and yet there Is little of this sort of thing
.Innp. When crowds do gather It Is to
troMh nm n pIso Indulcf. Thi svs-
tern is poor and should be amended. The
Englishman has us beaten. Milwaukee
THE DAY'S HORSERACES.
At Los Angeles.
LOS ANGELES. Jan. 13. Rubric, at 3
to 1. made a runaway race of the Santa
Anita handicap, at Ascot today, leading
from start to finish, and winning in a
canter, five lengths ahead of Marshal Ncy.
Orchan and Dr. Leggo. the Durnell en
try, were coupled In the betting and held
ill. X lu
Leggo could scarcely raise a gallop on
the sloppy track, and finished last. The
other big surprise was the defeat of Bur-
nell's J12.CC0 filly j Lotus, the 2-to-3 favorite,
b- Sanfcra. In the flve-furlong dash for
three-year-old fillies. Favorites won two
races, second choices two and an outsider
the other. The track was sloppy from
the rain last night and today. Weather
Four furlongs Sylvan Dixon. 100 pounds
fMIllert. 7 to 2. won: Lady Allece. 109
(Morlarltv). S to 5, second: Edlwn T.
Prwr. ioa fHudllnl. 40 to 1. third. Time.
0:'&. Mable Holland. Esther B.. Duke
of Orleans. Hoot Mon. Alleric. Captain
Jarrell. Kins of Spades. Tony Fauat, Ed
Tracy and NIgro also ran.
Mile and a half Graphite. SS (Newbert).
s m won? Nine SdoL $ flriaton). 2 to 1.
second: Fille D'Or, 83 (UUIer). 9 to 1.
thirrt Time. 2:li. Capable. Courant.
Iron King. Meadowhorn, Exap and Toung
Marlow also ran.
vivo fnrlnnirx Sanfara. 10b CMcDanlel).
S to 1. won; Lotus. 112 (Prior). Ztoa. sec-
nnrf' Vmtiaji- ICO OIUIcrL 7 to 1. third.
Time lrOlV,. Marepessa, Rczla and Alma
nnfrfir. nln ran.
third. Time. 21.
Tjiwn nWn ran.
Handicap, mile and 5d yards Clyde O..
10S fWIlev). 13 to 1. won; Secret. 96
rora!nl. S tn 1. second :Elotro3. 106 (Mil
Icr), 4 to 5. third. Time. 1:47. Chimney
Swwn and Memories also ran.
Sir furloBxn Judge Benton. MS (Moore).
S to 5, won; SL Wlalfrede. m (Clark), 4 to
course, J1250 added-Rubrlc. KW (Miller). H1IL Kelso; G B. Johnson. Astoria: Miss
SMoC won: Marshal Ney. 107 (Jackson). Gustafson. J. SMaglady Astoria: M E.
5 to L second; Orchan. 1CH (Wiley). 1 to 2. J""...?..' Mrf-Eu''
1. second: Parvo. SS (Ncubert). It to 5,
third. Time. 1:1 T. Bert Arthur. Monte
zuma. Anona. Minna Baker. Ahtara. Chief
Aloha. Florence Fonso. Lady Travess and
Elfin King also ran.
At San Francisco.
SAN FRANCISCO. Jan. 13. One of the
closest finishes v witnessed at Emeryville
this season occurred today when Tom
McGrath scored a lucky win for Barney
Schrclber In the Adam Andrew selling
stakes. There was considerable discus
sion over the decision, but judges held
that the winner was a nose In front at
the finish. Weather rainy: track sloppy.
Three and a half furlongs Blue Bottle.
10S (Knapp). 8 to 1, won: Palemon, ICS
(Buchanan). 3 to 1. second; Elmdale. 10S
(Radtkc). 3 to 1. third. Time. 0:13U.
Marion Rose. Princess Leal. Maid of the
Mill. John J. Mohr and Irish Mail also
Mile and E0 yards Bill Curtis. 107
(Kpall). 1 to 5, won: Holly Berry. 108 (Ho-.
Dan;, tu to j. seconu; leuowstone, no ij.
Kelly). 9 to 3. third. Time, 1:47. Dusty
Milton. Dixie Lad. Vlgoroso. Gloomy Gus,
Dosal and May Holladay also ran.
Mile and 50 yards Hooligan. 104 (Foun
tain). IS to 5. won: Chief Bush. 10G (Radt
ke). 60 to L second: Lerlda. 102 (Robin
son), 11 to 1. third. Time. 1:15. fay
Ripper. Sherry. Possart. Serenity. Wista
ria and Albert Enright also ran.
Adam Andrew selling stakes. 6 fur
longs, purse J2O0O Tom McGrath. S3
(Schade). S to 5, won; Princess Titanla.
lot (Graham). CO to 1. second: Red Leaf.
iuuiKe,. , i. unra. iime. i.
9 (Radtke). 7 to 1, third. Time. 1-0.
,nence. Sir Brlllar. Pinkerton. Ruby. The
.Mighty. Ocyrohe and Dorado also ran.
i.lle and 50 yards Massa. w (Goodchild).
9 to 5. won; Funnyslde. SS (T. Sullivan).
12 to 1. second; Bannock Belle, 97 (J. J.
Wal3h). 15 to 1. third. Time. 1:144.
Buchanan. Sals. Lone W atf. Ramus.
Bryar. Brlarthorpe and Magrane also ran.
J? uturity course Aneie. lot (benaue). a to
2. won; David Boland. 104 (Fountain). 5
to 1. second: Hani m era way. Sd (Radtkc).
5 to 1. third. Time. 1:13. Sea Air. El
DIncro, Martinmas. Duelist, Tim Hurst,
Jlilette and Lady Rice also ran.
At Xctv Orleans.
NEW ORLEANS. Jan ,13.-City Park
Two mllM I-nii M. won. Harnoon sec
ond. Little Wally third; time. 3:45 4-5.
Half-mile Frances H. won. Arthur Ros
cnfeld second. Approbation third; time.
Five and a half furlongs. handicap-
Airship won. Lucy Young second. Thes
pian tmrd: time. i:
Mile and a sixteenth, tne i.ync nnnm
cap Coruscate won. Drcxcl second. En
voy third: time. 1:521-3.
One mile St. Tammany won. Modred
second. Adesso third: time. 1:414-3.
Six furlongs Casclnc won. La cache sec
ond. Fonso Luca third; time, 1:1 1 3-a.
Assassin Stabs Corean Statesman.
ST. PETERSBURG. Jan. 13. Yl Chi
Yong. ex-Minister of Corea. who Is stay
Ing at the Hotel de France here, had a
narrow escape from assassination today
at the hands of a Corean. said to be the
Minister's Interpreter. The would-be as
sassin stabbed the Minister 11 times with
OREGON EXPRESS IN DITCH
Northbound Train-AVrcck, hut
One on Board Injured.
SAN FRANCISCO. Jan. 14. The first
section of the northbound Oregon express
went Into a ditch near West Fork this
morning. One engine went Into the river.
No one was injured.
Germans Buy Out Br'itislt In Turkey.
CONSTANTINOPLE. Jan. 13. (Special.)
-The German Anatolian railway has qui
etly secured a majority of the shares In
the British-owned Merslna, Tarsus &
Adana. railway, with the object of making.
Merslna the Levantine port of the Bag
dad railroad. This will save the cost of
transportation of material and at the
I same time obviate a possible conflict of
Taigny Xot Yet Recalled.
PARIS. Jan. 13. The Foreign Office has
not yet dispatched orders for M. Taigny
the French Charge d' Affaires at Caracas,
to demand his passports. Neither has M.
Maubourguet, the enezuelan Charge
here, received an official intimation of
the suspension of relations between the
two countries. In diplomatic circles there
is little hope that President Castro will
give way under pressure.
AT THE HOTELS.
Thf Portland E. G. Dewald. San Fran
Cisco: M. C Moore. Walla Walla: W. J. B
Wilson. Nelson. B. C: T. F. Ryan. Seattle
C. E. Vlrden. Butte: I. Bronson. Seattle; A
Alexander. Wilbur; H. A. Gallagher. San.
Francisco: A. Kemer. New ions: r. c Kicn
ard and family. Sumoter: W. O. Stuart. Chi
cago: A. it. Palmer and wife. U. S. A.; L. L.
Richards. San Francisco; a. uppenneimer.
New York: R. A. Yerkes. Chicago; A. Allon
berg. Spokane: B. Levy. New York; A. Riley.
St. Joseph: L. O. Brown. Eugene: S. T.
Williams. Seattle: B. W. Reed. Rainier; P.
Burns. Calgary: J- E. dates anu wire. Asne-
vllle. X. C; W. B. Latta. E. F. Latta. Hot
Springs. Ark.; J. G. Beck. Jr.. San Fran
cisco; J. L. Mozlcr. Omaha: J. R. Elmentor
and wife. San Francisco: P. Weston. Dalton.
Mass., W. E. Rowe. Ostrander; C- C. Spring
er. Chicago; A. Sharp and wife. Orient; S. P.
Curtis. Philadelphia: B. G. West. Chicago: S.
W. Hanson, S-attle: W. J. Jiouiion. argo.
N. D.; Mis Carmen. J. B. Levi.
Thr Oregon George B. Adair. Seattle; D.
W. Ferry. Chicago; Fred Lllyman. J. E.
Horan. Seattle: C. H. JlcWIUIams. Waterloo,
la.; J. T. Klkatake. Seattle: Ben Greenhood.
New York; L. Obermeyer. Denver: A. M.
Robertson and wife. San Francisco; E. D.
Gates. Leavenworth. Wash.: J. H. Davis,
Olympla: R. E Allen. Walla Walla; E. Day.
Mrs. E. Day. Chicago; H. A. Thompson. ia
coma; Charles K. Tower. Seattle; E. J. Ad-
ft m Tj trmf T A
Kuine. Seattle: G. McGregor. Sophia Schultz.
Mliicr. Chicago: i j.
Ohio: V. Anderson and wife. Calgary. At
I berta: Mrs. Dennis. Miss Dennis. Calgary.
Alberta: E. T. Haltorn. Tillamook: Yv . O.
Younc-. cltv: C II. Blackburn. Tacoma: G.
R. Andrew. Seattle: L. C. Ross. New York;
Ed ear Battle. Seattle: W. A. Slzer, Lincoln.
Neb.; Sleg S. Toplltz. San Francisco; W. L.
Lynn. Seattle: T. H. Austin, at raui; m. c
Dtanno. Minneapolis: B. G. Hudson. New
York; James Van Dyke, Omaha: J. W. Alns
ley. Des Moines: James Hathaway, Chehalls;
C. R. Goodnough, Roseburg: Edw. Charrlng
ton. Ashland; L. R. Davidson. San Fran
cisco; R. 11. Jackson. Baker City: O. P. Bur
rows. Hoquiam: w. s. cnuue ana we, r,
W. Ingalls. Seattle.
The Perkins H. T. McCtallen. Roseburg.
Or.; J. C. Kennedy. Nahcotta; R. J. Hend
ricks. Salem; J. A. Dunlap. Trenton. Mo.;
Captain Watson and wife. Medford; John
Buchanan. Chicago: D. J. Barrett. Cornelius;
B. A. Owen. Eagley. N. D.; E. H. Flagg. SL
Helens; J. H. Halpln. St. Johns; W. S. Fuaon.
I Sattl. Anton O. Mae. Clifton. Or.; Hans
I . . n . to c o
G M."wh'ltson, Portland: Xlei
Miller. North Yakima; Thomas G. McCarthy
and. wife. Modlsto. Qal.; William Howe. Ta-
coma; J rdr.
washV; s. P. Wright! fiutte. Mont.: H. J.
I Jordan. Denver: Mrs. Friend. Miss Friend,
Rltsville: B. Shattuck, Juneau. Alaska;
'5, VenY MIsV Daisy" Watklns. St. Helens.
Or,: C T. Early. Hood River: Beuiah Dury,
McMInnvIlIe: J. m. wooaruir. cuy: a. w.
Johnson. Corvallls: Forrest Cox. T. W. Rob
inson. Houlton. Or.: L. R. Stlnson. Salem.
Or.; G. W. Griffln. Eugene; Robert Penney;
San Francisco: D. B. Jerome and wife. Los
Angeles; J. E Johnson. Catlln: Robert C
Prtndle, Cape Horn Wash; E. W. Newman.
Spokane; H. T. Booth. Baker City; Charles
E. Fish. San Francisco; William Winters,
Spokane: James S. Stewart. Fossil; F. H.
Douglas and wife. Arlington.
The Imperial B. Danner: L. L. Bush. Bay
Center. Wash.: E. W. Rlrablee. Elgin: S. E.
Hart. Lincoln. -Neb. ; F. M. Bryan. Mrs. M. D.
Hansford. Pendleton: W. H. BennlnghotT.
Omaha: C. S. Farrow. Eugene. Or.; Walter
i.von. independence: G. S. Horslncton. Pen-
die ton: B. H. White. Salem; c E. Barnard,
I Omaha: AUIecn May. New York: Miss E.
Talbot. Kalama: D. B. Hopkins. Eugene; W.
T. Mercer. Salem; J. E. Anderson. The
Burns. Or.: Burnell
Glover. Seattle: William Hoach. Salem: W.
T. Whitmore. Chicago; Miss Louisa a. wn
nian. lone; F. E. Ramsey, city: Charles M.
GambI-, Philadelphia; O. W. Brlggs. Eugene.
Hotel DoaaeXy. Tacem WasMsztea.
Buropeaji pten. Sates. 75 ecats to J2.54
er aay. Jt re bus.
Mormon Apostle Will Have
Hard Fight for Seat.
TJnltcd,Statcs Senate Will Xbt Admit
Him If It Is Proved Ills First
Allegiance Is to His
Church. OREGONIAN NEWS- BUREAU. Wash
ington. Jan. 13. If the Senate nan
voted on the Smoot case at any tlmo
during the 3$th Congress, there is lit
tle doubt but that the Utah senator
wouid have been accorded a scut In
the Senate by a good liberal vote,
but as time goes on the trend t sen
timent against him continues to grow.
until now there appears to be prospect
of an almost unanimous report against
him by the committee on privileges anS
elections, and such a report, followed
up by a vigorous fight on the part oC
Chairman Burrows and some of the
other prominent members of that committee-,
of both political faiths, makes
the outlook today very dark for too
Senator Smoot is personally accept
able to the Senate; he has many warm
frlc.ids on vlthcr side of the party
aisle, and there are a number of ben-
ators who wllL vote for him because
they do not believe in injcctlnc: tho
church into politics. Senator Smoot is
not a polygamlst: he docs, not prac
tice polygamy, and therefore theso
particular Senators are not in favor
of expelling him from the Senate mere
ly because he i.s an otnelnl In a churcii
that has countenanced polygamy, and.
which apparently still countenances
plural marriages, notwithstanding- the
protestations of Its oniciais.
But there arc many other benaiora
who will not stand by Smoot. even
though they like him as a man. Many
Senators who would, have voted to scut
him in the last Congress arc now ready
to oust him.
First Allegiance to His Church.
The most serious charge against Sen
ator Smoot today, and the charge most
likely to lead to his expulsion Is that
he owes his first allegiance to his
church, his duty to his country behisr
of secondary consideration. It has been
illoged by many witnesses tnat tho
endowment-house oath which bmoot
has taken requires his first duty to his
church. Many witnesses have taken the
stand and charged that this oath 13
binding. and makes a Mormon a
churchman before he Is a patriot. Rut
up to this time no witness has b--.i
ablrt to produce this oath, or to recite
Its terms verbatim, and there is still
some doubt as to the' correctness uf
this testimony. For that reason tne
nntl-Smoot agitators have been going
over Vtah with a fine-tooth comb, and
allege they have found several person
who can produce the endowment-houM
oath, and who are willing to testify IC
given the opportunity.
If this oath can be produced, and if.
as alleged. It shows that Sraoot's first
duty is to his church, the committee
on privileges and elections Will not
hesitate to report against the Mormon
Senator; indeed, the production of an
oath such as this is- alleged to be. anu
which Smoot had to take when he be
came an apostle In the Mormon
Church, will probably lead to a unani
mous report against him. Even on tha
testimony heretofore given Severn t
members of the committee arc ready
to vote against Smoot. while others
are waiting for verification of tha
charge. A strong report from the
committee, whether It be unanimous
or nearly so. will have a great influ
ence "on the subsequent action of tho
Senate, and It is believed will forco
the expulsion of Smoot.
Country Must Come First.
The Senate' will not permit any man
to hold a seat In that body who places
his church ahead of his .duties as a.
.patriotic American citizen.- Loyalty to
country is demanded ahead of every
thing else, and "any man whose patri
otism Is a secondary consideration
need not expect to remain a member
of the Senate, provided he Is found out.
When the Smoot case, goes into the;
Senate there Is going to be much quib
bling1 over unimportant details, evert
though there may be an almost unani
mous sentiment regarding- the main
issues. Senator Burrows, chairman of
the committee which Investigated
Smoot. will probably lead the fight
against the Utah Senator, and Bur
rows is mighty as a leader, even
though he has had little opportunity
to assert himself since he entered tho
Senate. He will be backed by some of
the best men In the Senate, those who
are members of the. committee, as well
as those who are. not.
Practically every member of tha
elections committee will make a speech
on the Smoot case; there will be other
speeches, particularly a speech by Sen
ator Smoot himself, in which he will
put up the best defense possible. Some
new Senators may be heard In tills
connection, especially Senator Knox,
of Pennsylvania, who ranks head and
shoulders ahead of every other Sena
tor who is just beginning his first term
in the upper'branch of Congress. This
Is an exceptional occasion which wilt
permit Senator Knox to be heard, ana
if he does speak his speech is likely to
be one of the most masterful deliv
ered on the Smoot case.
In the face of a strops: committee
report, backed by a vigorous assault
on the floor of the Senate. Smoot
stands little show of holding- on; htf
has no chance whatever it it can b
proven that he has given his first al
legiance to the Mormon Church.
DODSOX LOOKS IilKE SEXATOIt
Portland Man Is Often Mistaken for
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. Jan. 13. Senator La Follette ha
a double In Washington, a double who
will frequently appear on the floor of
the Senate. Senator Fulton brought from
Portland, as clerk' of the claims com
mittee. W. B. D. Dodson. who. by rea
son of his position, will be entitled to
go upon the floor of the Senate.
Dodson could readily pass for a brother
of Senator La Follette. He is short of
stature; so Is La "Follette; his hair lit
erally stands, on end; so does La Fol
lette's; his keen, piercing eyes have a
peculiar squint; so do La Follette's: he Is
quick In his movements; so IsLa Follette.
The two men. placed side by side, would
pass for brothers, though La Follette Is
the older and the heavier. The resem
blance is quite striking, and until the
two become 'well known, Mr. Dodson 1
quite apt to be addressed as "Senator."
and some Senator on the claims commit
tee Is apt to summon La Follette. and send
him for a report. But these things ad
just themselves in time. There have
been other doubles in public life In Wash
ington, but few more striking, than La.
.Follette ami Dodson. Curiously enough.
Senator La Follette Is.ra member of tho
claims committee of. which Dodson Is