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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 31, 1905)
PEASANT RISING GENERAL
Officiate Driven From Several lrv
inccs and Rebellion Proclaimed
far .Poland Array -MarollBC
oh Baltic Hebcls.
ST. PETERSBURG, Dec. 31. (Special.)
While the revolt at Meecew has been
crushed with terrible reprisals against
the Insurrectionists, the eutleok for the
Kovernment Is far front encouraging, and
trouble in the near future that the au
thorities will naye to face wHl exceed
those already eacountetred. The revo
lutionary -movement has spread through
the provinces and the peasants fci many
parts of -the empire are defying the gov
ernment. In the prominence given to
the Moscow" revolution the minor revolts
have been forgotten. New they are
again attracting the attention they de
serve. More importance s is to be at
tached to these peasant uprisings too
than even to such a revolt as that which
occurred at Moscow, because they will
he harder 'to deal with. In the city the
insurrectionists could be corralled in
side their own barracks, as was event
ually dene before they were overcome.
In the open country this cannot be dene.
The lafcd has "been devastated to such
an extent also that it will be hard for
the troops to find sustenance. "The send
ing of large forces into the provinces is
therefore almost impracticable. Then,
too, the government dare not withdraw
many soldiers from the cities to be used
m quelling the peasants, lest new out
breaks should start in the centers of
population. It took a solid week for
the soldiers to overcome the compara
tively few re volution lsts In Moscow. how
long will it take them to subdue all the
Insurrectionists In the provinces.
Can't Stand Against Artillery.
The past week has given $the govern
ment some advantages. It has taught
the revolutionists one thing, and that 'is
that they cannot stand against trained
soldiers reinforced with artillery and
machine guns. It also proved that the
dissatisfaction among the soldiers is not
so pronounced as the revolutionary lead
ers had thought, The first lesson is apt
to be forgotten. It is more than likely
that In - every city of any size in the
country the people will have to be
taught with bullets and bloodshed that
the troops are their masters. "While this
Is being done, the government Is likely
to resort to such cruel measures as to
make the entire people rise In revolt.
The repressive measures of the gov
ernment are generally regarded as being
the greatest spur to revolution in this
city. Minister of the Interior Durnovo
has greatly angered the people by the
orders given the Cossacks and dragoons.
The agitation for an armed revolution in
St. Petersburg is growing stronger every
day. AH meetings of workmen are
"broken up and the Cossacks fire on
groups of people without the slightest
wamlni. Unless the tactics of the gov-
nmont i T-r rvianevl. thft wo r kin cm en '
will soon be driven in sheer desperation
Revolt: Spreads In Provinces.
The developments of the last 21 hours
have shown clearly the trend of affairs
In the provinces. Advices of yesterday
and last night all go to show that the
revolution I spreading with unexpected
rapidity, and government officials arc
greatly worried as a result.
In Moscow conditions are becomln;; for
mal. The credit for putting down the up
rising there is given to Lieutenant-General
Mlstchenko. who. In eight hours after his
arrival in the city, by his display of ac
tivity, had completely overawe 1 the revo
lutionists. It Is the intention of the gov
ernment to send him to other storm edi
tors in the hope of quelling the insurrec
tions. .From all appearances there will be
plenty of -work lor him to do. In the Tver
government the local officials have fled
from their posts in fear of the revolution
ists, who now hold complete possession
of Tver. In the Baku and Ekaterlnoslav
districts the revolutionists captured rail
way stations by force. Strong detach
ments of troops have been sent to retake
them and punish the rebels. At ijnl
Novkorod the extreme and moderate par
ties are lighting each other in the Kuna
vlno quarter. Advices from that city also
show there has been severe fighting at
Sornomvo. The dispatches say the sound
of cannon can bo heard at Skaty. A red
glare in the sky shows that the city has
been set afire. A state of siege has been
declared at that point.
In the Ural district the government offi
cials have been forced to flee.
Polish Outbreak Due Today.
Advices from "Warsaw indicate that the
revolutionists are preparing to take active
steps to make the strike more effective
than It has been so far. In view of the
rumors that have been current to the
effect that general armed revolt would be
attempted;, throughout Poland today, the
dispatches have been disquieting. A mes
sage received late yesterday from "Warsaw
stated thafproclamations had been issued
by the revolutionary government threaten
ing with death any one who rented rooms
to be used as police stations. The same
proclamation forbids the payment of taxs
or license for the estates to the govern
ment, "and threatens retaliation on any
one who refused to obey the order to
Private .dispatches from a reliable
source -tell of a general uprising on the
part of the -peasants In the Crimea. Seri
ous trouble is anticipated in that region.
At Odessa, however, quiet prevails. Most
of the .strikers nave resumed work, and
the revolutionary movement has been
vheckedy to a measure by the wholesale
arrest t 'labor leaders.
WI1L Deport All Socialists.
Despite' the serious conditt in; in the
provinces, the government Is tak'.ng steps
that threaten to make the peasants and
workingmen more bitter and which may
embroil the outside country in -civil war if
prescntlj&ns are carried out. Minister of
the Intftcw. Durnovo has sent out circu
lars to local authorities direefng them to
send him the names ef all persons who
have participated in the recent revolution
in every t&wn and district. It ii the an
nounced intention ef the government to
Report W.m Socialists, Whose names will
he furnished In this way. In order to
pacify the country. The government has
gone further and threatens with expul-jj
fuon an members of proviR4Ul govern
snents who fail te arry out the aarew
directed 46 be put la force in rir to 6up
tiress this revolution.
STKIK35 DECLARED AT AX JEXD
WrkoJts LOors Will Xw Jteewt
to GtMrrH War.
st, TmnrxRSBtma. .ti fcoam-
cU f Workmen met-Brdr 1 t nlglii.
jDd alter: hwwr mMm, at f
o'clock tttta morninr a4wpffl . maplwUoa
to vmtt off the atrtk Monday; "beeutaw
th! nttrf th. ptoplt i lipf the sev
. cm went Tft no iaor 4a the
inrlmil trfk ami
mmaar parte mi mintry
Council ttC Workmen ji - icuutluO
ty wHh warlike operation
MM tbe OTffwnfsaUo. C An armed up-
The Coaodl reoMstteM -that tfw onu.ii-
lifcwtlcw of x lfamtolfaU vkMb cuW
fapt Mece4 in the enpiUI, bw, white
'tHKMNg preparaCtoM, it woM be nce
ff o undertake a srt of guerilla war
,, 'CowwUttng of the dimming of p
Be and aokUers wherever they are fn4L
alowe . on tbe straefai, the ue f berate:
"froiw aaburti n4 ether act f terror.
The omincil drew up a proctamatkxa to
the Conotickg. warning them that. If the)
CMtiiHted to fight agahiet the people,
they weald be treated like mad teg., and.
it they wished to be treated as brothers,
they sheukl remain In their barracks.
Aa appeal was. Rlso drawn up request
ing the proletariat ef all countries to sup
port the fight begun at 3foecow.
MAKES TOUR OF BARRICADES
Correspondent Describes Insurgent
Plan for Organization.
MOSCOW, Friday. Dec ?9, via SL Pe
tersburg, Dec. 3. In view of the fact
that Governor-General Doubasoff refused
to negotiate with the strike committee
which sought to obtain jt free pardon for
the participants In the uprising, the lead
ers of the fighting organisations, encour
aged by the failure of the troops to oc
cupy or destroy the barricades In the
northwest section of the city, decided to
continue the struggle, and this morning
the rex'olutlonlsts were again in posses
sion of their old strongholds in the Brun
naia quarter. The Governor-General is
evidently waiting until he has sufficient
troops to hold the disturbed region,
when it will be cleared.
Nevertheless the work of routing out
the revolutionists will be difficult and
.perhaps costly, as the taelicf of the rcvo.
lutionlsts are not to fight In the open,
but to defend tbe barricades which are
used to knpede the movement of troops,
while, from the adjoining houses little
groups in ambush shoot at .the soldiers
and throw bombs. The maze of narrow,
crooked streets and the hilly nature of
tbe ground make It practically impossible
to use artillery effectively and eventually
will compel the troops to clear the region
by moving from house to house. The
region covers wsveral square miles be
tween the river and Tvcrskala and Is
hemmed by troops whose lines cut ofT the
revolutionists from the Brest railroad on
the cast. The troops occupy a ridge along
A correspondent of the Associated Press
had no difficulty in traversing the whole
region under the escort of a member of
the "Drujina." or fighting organization of
the revolutionists. The pickets near tho
boulevard were then exchanging a sharp
fusillade. The "Drujina did not appear
to be .well organized and lacked regular
officers. The "Workmen's Council was
supposed to have general direction of the
workmen's army, but each group seemed
to act on Its own initiative. The major
ity of the men were armed only with re
volvers of a cheap pattern. Two com
panies of 3W men each, however, were
armed with repeating shotguns and a few
The most business-like feature was the
"Drujina" hospital, which was equipped
with a regular surgical staff and Sisters
of Mercy. The wounded men were well
cared for. The troops on Thursday cap
tured a surgical detachment of the revo
lutionists, commanded by Dr. Abramoff,
The members of the "Drujina" are very
boastful. They declare they are not dis
couraged and that, on the contrary, they
will take the offensive this (Friday)
Troops arc continually arriving here.
The latest arrivals are the Daghestan
Cavalry, big. dashing-looking fellows
with scarlet-lipped caps.
The -police continue to make domiciliary
visits at night and have seized an Im
mense quantity of revolvers.- In one
houw, inhabited chiefly by Jews, they
captured 69 revolvers and several combs.
The owners of the weapons were taken
jo the prison, which Is already full to
In the day time people passing through
the gates if the old wall arq almost In
variably searched. Even sleighs contain
ing richljh-drcssed perrons are stopped
and the occupants are compelled to de
scend and pass through the hands of the
wild Cossack soldiery, who search every
person for concealed arais.
It is difficult to form an estimate of the
casualties, but they have been greatly
overstated. The lossep or the troops and
police have been mainly from ambush
work, but they are comparatively small
and probably will not reach 100. So far
as the casualties are concerned, those of
the workmen generally and Innocent auf.
ferers. 2T.00 is perhaps a conservative
REVOIaT IX 5IAXY PBOVIXCES
Ural, Baltic, Caucasus and Poland
All in Rebellion.
ST. PETERSBURG. Dec 39. (Special.)
"While Governor-General Doubassoff, of
Moscow, assisted by Generals Mlstchenko
and Stackelberg, Is crushing the revolt in
Moscow, messages from other parts of
the empire show that enemies of the gov
ernment are making headway In many
quarters. The Czar's officials at Uraltk
have been arrested by the leaders. Fresh
outbreaks are reported from Odessa and
Lodz. The Baltic insurgents nre making
progress daily. Tatar uprisings liave oecn
caused at Elizabcthpol -and Erivan by ru
mors that Turkish troops arc Invading
the Caucasus to protect their co-rellgion-ists.
It is asserted that larga quantities
of Turkish weapons are now In the hands
of the Tatars. The trans-Caucasian tele
graph and railway lines me not In opera
tion. Although shipments of gold abroad In
sure payment of interest on Russian
bonds, the treasury is depleted nud need
of money Is sorely felt. Expanses result
ing from the Manchurlan war and from
the work of quelling the revolutionaries
require 1,00(.00,00 roubles, or S31O,O00,C).
As tho new loan seems comp'.etcly unsuc
cessful, the government contemplates
pawning its railways to an American syn
dicate In order to get tho money It must
Professor Milyukov asserts that Count
Wltte's election law was ready before the
October manifesto, and that It was not
promulgated on account of a desire to re
duce the time for the registration of vot
ers. Thus an empire that comprises one
fifth of the globe must register its voters
before the new year or they cannot vote.
In view of the lack of commutiiiatlon and
of the helldays. the people as A whole are
In darkness about the matter, co that the
bureaucracy will name the members of
POLISH REVOLT OVERDRAAVN
American Woman l"rom AVarsaw
Says Affairs Are Xot So Bad.
CHICAGO. Dec 38 (Special.) A
DaMy .News cablegram 'frem Berlin says:
Mrs. Castmir Siedlewaski of Warsaw,
who was fermerly Miss May O'Meara,
wC CMeago. one of the numerous refugees
who have arrived in Ber.Ha from the
revolution-racked provinces of "Western
R waste, soils from Hamourg for the
UmHod Jkate January 2. gne will re
main inJChtcK until conditions Jn Po
land become ottld. The young Chl
oaBn was mai-riod loot Doeomber to a
woaMfcy Poltah mychawt aad land -owner,
tie "Imis siooe Am iimm through a
jowy period of anxMr, iMoraperaod with
VurWbm Mcpertonee. rVoMMmtlr it mw
aooeooary for her to MA .MroetC aad her
Co acta A
otait off from tto
af fat or aevea wisto at a ttmtm
Um pootal and mttwar atrttcos.
Shu ald toaojr to your eorrospomfent.
"conditio- m PoUumI never approached
the doapontU atate that, was reported In
foreign countries. One of the laat Amer
ica newapaporn that roacteld u had
the hoadtfcios 'Wannaw in mm.' I
porgoaaHy aievor saw or hoard of a are
fct Wantaw whoth ploce hac had fewer
hfcuos In the past yoar tha CMeago
has at thlK seoaoa In the course of a
"Talk of Poland's seceding Is utterly
aagclowa. The Foleswant to remain an
Integral part of a reorganised and lib
eralised Runato, with only the same de
gree of local freedom that hi enjoyed
hy the other cltlsens of the empire.
They are m rebellion merely against the
ARMY ADVrAXCIXG ON" RIGA
Sollogub A VI 11 Crush llcvolt In the
RIGA, Livonia. Dec 30. The strike
ended here today. The papers have re
appeared and business and work at the
factories have been resumed. The term
ination of the strike will rescue the
city from famine. The supply of fresh
meat gave out three days ago.
General Sollogub. the new Governor
General of the Baltic Provinces, is
moving north at the head of 10.330
troops with artillery. Upon his arrival
here; he is expected to begin an ener
getic .campaign against the revolution
ists, who have created a condition of
anarchy in the country. Two of the
most famous castles in the Baltic
Provinces Dondangcn, built in the
13th century, and Odcssee, a stately
structure which was filled with the
rarest collection of knightly treasures
have been burned.
During the strike many high-handed
atrocities were committed. The revo
lutionists established an "execution
block," where persons condemned by
the revolutionary committee were shot.
The police here are now armed with
HUNDREDS BURIED IX RUIXS
Soldicr.s Batter Down Cotton 31111
Held by Rebels.
ST. PETERSBURG. Dec 30. Governor
General Doubassof? has telegraphed to
the government from Moscow that a
meeting of -revolutionists and otrlkers at
the Prokharoff cotton mill ouLMdc the
city, was surrounded by troops of all
arms today. The artillery opened a ter
rific bombardment and made a large hole
in the walls, which suddenly crumbled
and the building came down In a. heap.
Hundreds, if not a thousand person? were
buried In the ruins.
Doubassorf regarded the Prokharoff
mills aa tho stronghold of the revolution
ists, and he reports that Moscow- will be
entirely cleared of them in three days.
Tho Governor-General also reports that
ho prevented several thousand "Loyal
ists," who assembled in the Sakolnlki dis
trict in the outskirts of Moscow, from
marching Into the city for the purpose
of attacking the strikers, revolutionists
The police force of Moscow has been In
creased by 1090 men and the night watch
men hy 2O00 men.
STRIKERS BLOW UP BRIDGES
Force Railroad Tie-Up In Poland.
Brutal Treatment of Prisoners.
ST. PETERSBURG. Dec SO. (Special.)
Late advices from Warsaw state that the
strikers have blown up the bridge over
the Bystrzeyca Rl-cr. Another bridge
near Ulckan has been wrecked. The
streets of Warsaw are patrolled by bands
Hundreds of persons have been arrested.
The 'prisoners have been brutally beaten
"by the soldiers, who struck them with
the butts of their rifles. The prisons are
fulL The Socialists now threaten retalia
tion because of the failure of the general
A band of recruits at "Wysskoaf, aided
by the populace, pillaged the shops of the
town. The troops were powerless to pre
vent IL Reinforcements have been dis
patched to the town.
REVOLT IN DON" DISTBICT.
Rebels Seize Towns and Blow Up
3 lany .Soldiers.
PARIS, Dec 30. The Petit Parislcne's
SL Petcrtburg correspondent rays:
Taking advantage of the absence of the
Cossacks and the general insufficiency of
the military force In that region, the
miners and metalworkers In the Don
district have seized several towns and an
important railroad depot. The govern
ment Is hartily sending reinforcements.
The revolutionaries arc well armed.
The revolutionaries blew up a. bridge
and the railroad at Zysroa (Zysran. In
tho Government of Simbirsk), while a
military train was op it. and hundreds
of soldiers were drowned. The destruc
tion of the bridge paralyzes railway com
munication with trans-Siberia.
REBELS FIGHT TO THE FINISH
Defend Houses Until Stormed and
Taken by Troops.
MOSCOW, Dec 30. Three armed bands
of revolutionists, whose offer yesterday
to surrender if guaranteed a free pardon
was refused by the authorities, barricaded
themselves today in their houses. Ac
cording to the latest reports the houses
were stormed and captured bj the troops.
Plans for Rising Discovered.
LONDON". Dec ZL (Special.) The cor
respondent Of the Observer at St. Peters
burg wire that tho police have elzcd
papers that Included the plans for an
armed uprising in St. Petersburg. As a
result, the Imperial Bank is strongly
guarded to prevent a sudden attack.
Advices from Kicff say that pyroxlln
cartridges were exploded beneath the
tram cam there, causing much damage
Communication with many Russian points
has again been interrupted, thus prevent
ing any news" from reaching St. Peters
burg. Kaiser Hurls Russian Dignity.
LONDON". Dec .31.-HSpecial.) Dalzell's
News Agency has received a dispatch
from Berlin saying the German govern
ment has sent the steamer Volga to Illga
to bring away German citizens there. As
the German residents are not menaced at
present, the action has created a great
deal of surprise Russia has also been ir
ritated, as the aend-Iag of the steamer is
regarded as a tactless and unfriendly act.
Death for All Bomb-Thrower.
KREMENTSCHUG, Russia. Dec. 30.
The Governor-General has Issued a
proclamation announcing that persons
guilty or throwing bombs from houses
are subject to trial by 1 court-martial
and to be sentenced to death.
CoHfcss Strike Has Failed.
WARSAW. Russian Poland. Dec 30.
-The Socialists have isoued a procla
mation in which they confess that thA
genera! strike" is unsuccessful. They
Impute Its failure to the National Dem
BarTicaos Broke at Warsaw.
WAH8AW, Dec. X.-r-Atteanits to erect
ltarrtowoViiT at Otr ptaeos In tnt efejr
today falfod. There are henry patrota
m Umc Mreetx and the hawk are cMeed.
fill CLOUD MS
France and Germany Again
MOROCCO STILL IS CAUSE
Both Nations Actively Prepare Forces'
on Frontier In Anticipation of
Renewed Dispute When
Conference 3Ieets. .
PARIS, Dec 39. Despite the Improve
ment In the relations of France and Ger
many occasioned by the submission of the
Moroccan controversy tQ a conference,
there Is a distinct revival of war rumors,
and a considerable clement of the people
and a number of Journals nre maintain
ing that war between France and Ger
many is Inevitable. Some of these reports
are taking an exaggerated form, but thej
all tend to stimulate the public apprehen
sion. The Patrie' publishes a report that
tho Bank of France has taken extraordi
nary precautions, similar to those adopted
In 1S70 before the Franco-Prussian War.
This Is authoritatively denied.
Dispatches from Belgium say that the
authorities there were adopting precau
tionary measures, anticipating that a con
flict would reach Belgian soil. Specials
from Switzerland report that tbe German
reservists have been summoned, and other
dispatches graphically describe the activ
ity of French and German forces along
the frontier and their extensive works and
Fear Conflict In Conference.
These reports, it Is said, are the out
growth of the recent French yellow book
showing the acutencsa of the Franco-German
Issue over Morocco and the approach
ing Moroccan conference In which the
issue will be renewed.
The agitation has produced two distinct
elements, ono holding that neither of the
governments desires war, and that cither
will make the necessary concessions to
avoid it. and the other Insisting that Ger
many has latent designs, and that France
to surely being drawn toward a conflict.
The pessimistic clement Just now Is up
permost, and Its sentiment is reflected In
a series of alarmist reports.
The government, naturally. Is holding
aloof., but the uneasiness extends to offi
cial circles. Thus far the alarm has not
reached the hourse. and rentes remain
steady. Premier Rouvler Is lending all his
Influence to calming the apprehension.
3Iass Troops on Frontier.
Much of the feeling of apprehension Li
attributed to the precautionary measures
the Ministers of War and Marine arc tak
ing, which arc not so much because of ex
pectations of war as of a desire to have
these services In a suitable state of pre
paredness should the former strained sit
uation again prevail. Members of the
diplomatic corps who made inquiries
found that preparations were going on
systematically, and that considerable
forces were being massed towards the
frontier, but that nothing In the nature
of a military concentration was In prog
ress. GER3LVNTL" TO AN'SWER FRANCF
"Will Publish Correspondence on 3Io-
BERLIN, Dec 30. The Foreign Office
will issue next week a book on the Mo
rocco controversy, containing documents
omitted by the French government from
its yellow book, and corresporiu'encc re
pelling the accusation of bad faith made
against Count von Tattenbach-Aihold,
the former special German representative
at 1 ex. The whole case, from the Ger
man standpoint, will be placed before the
Such a book on a European diplomatic
question, has never been Issued "by the
Imperial Foreign Office, which, unlike
other foreign officers, has followed Prince
Bismarck's rule never to publish such pa
pers, but to bold, foreign disputes In abso
lute secrecy. France'u yellow book, how
ever, produced an effect on the' world's
opinion that the German government Is
not willing to let go unanswered, and the
decision was taken to disregard the for
mer policy and publish documents In re
buttal of France's presentation, which Is
regarded as that of & partial attorney de
termined to arrange the facts so as to
produce a conclusion held in view from
The German government resents, espe
cially, the statements designed to pro
duce the impression that Count von ffat-tenbach-Ashold
has been untruthful. The
book Is expected to clear away some Im
pressions abroad that Germany threat
GETTING WARSHIPS READY
France Overhauls Squadron at Tou
lon and Loads Ammunition.
PARIS. Dec S0.-The Echo de "Paris
thl morning says: There la feverish ac
tivity at Toulon and several ships of the
Mediterranean squadron are being over
hauled here. Various rumors are In cir
culation, but the general opinion of the
naval officers is that the government
Intends to be ready for any developments
that may follow the conference on Mo
roccan reforms. The warships in tbe
roads have rtfclved their full comple
ment of men and ammunition and aro
taking on great quantities of coaL
CARDINALS HOLD CENTENNIAL
Catholic Church In France Faces
Great Change In Power.
PARIS, Dec 30. With the new year the
Catholic Church in France caters a new
.epoch. The first sign of the change Is the
list for the President's reception, which
does not contain the names of any prel
ates. The great question bow is what action
the 'bishops will take at the meeting of
cardinals Thursday, which la the first to
be held in a century. It la looked upon
by the bishops as an attempt oa the part
of the cardinals to assume a sort of cabl
netahip of the church. At meetings of
bishops held for other purposes, up to the
preeeat time It has been seen that the ma
jority of them favor peaceable acceptance
of the principle ef the separation, of
church and state. The principal , oppo
nents to this are Cardinal Richard, arch
bishop of Paris: Cardlaal Perraud, arch
bishop of Autun; Cardinal Couillc. arch
bishop of Lyons; the archbishop of Cam
bria, and the blfhopa of Aw and Qulm
per. and most of the Breton bishops form
ing the conservative element of the
church. Theee 4 hold that the law Is a
schismatic one and that the associations
will accomplish the objects of the fram
ers of It by withdrawing as far as possible
the parish government from the hands of
the clergy and the diocesan government
from the hands of the bishops. The coa
cIHatiea parry, led ay Cardinal LeCot.
archbishop of Bordeau. and CtnHMl La
bour, archoinhop bf Jteanee. maintains
that resietaaee will entail u reMgieu war,
wMcn would he the- worst of evOs m view
of the iadMterenee of the greater number
et CatheHca as la dsHlia to wrMeh the,
Jeets of the war. a"
It is thought, la the event of the two
parties not agreeing; that the Troaoh
church will be formed oh Maes aha liar to
the free church of SeoUamf hy the dissentients.
IRISH TO VOTE FOR LIBERALS
League Says Main Parpose Is to De
LONDON, Dec. ML The "dlscomature at
the Unionists" Is the keynote of a mani
festo which the United Irish. League of
Great Britain Is Issuing today for the
guidance of Irish voters in Great Britain
as to their attitude at the forthcoming
elections. The executive council of the
United Irish League held a three hours
session in London this morning under the
presidency of T. P. O'Connor, M". P. John
EL Redmond, wiio was among those pres
ent, drew up the manifesto, which de
clared that the first duty of the Irish
voters In Great Britain Is to "aid to the
utmost In the discomfiture of tho great
coalition which has Inflicted such immense
Injuries on their country."
"Where the labor candidates are sound
on the home rule question, the Irish are
recommended to support them. Otherwise
they should vote for the Liberals. The
followers of Lord Rosebery are excluded
from the latter category, and the mani
festo promises special advice to voters in
constituencies where there is a choice be
tween a Unionist and a Roseberylte.
The efforts to patch up the quarrel be
tween Mr. Redmond and Timothy 31.
Healy have apparently failed, as it was
announced today that the Irish party had
decided to oppose Mr. Healy when he
seeks re-election for North Louth.
RICH ALIMONY FOR PRINCESS
Terms or Divorce From Prince or
PARIS. Dee. 30. The conditions of the
settlement of the long-drawn-out qtfarrel
between the Princess Louise of Saxc-Co-burg
and Gotha. eldest daughter of King
Leopold of Belgium, and her husband.
Prince Philippe of Saxe-Coburg and
Gotha. arc as follows:
The Prince pays her as alimony 5221.0CO
annually and also the sum of $1,000,000 by
installments, while King Leopold guar
antees his daughter an annuity of 510.CCO.
The Princess undertakes to hand over to
the Prince's lawyer all the documents
and photographs intended to be used as
evidence, the divulgation of which will
annul the arrangement. The two parties
ngrec to accept a decision of the court of
Gotha. granting them a divorce on the
ground of Incompatablllty of temper, and
on that ground alone.
3IYSTERY ON" BAHA3LV ISLAND
Keeper Signals '
to Passing Steamer.
KLNGSTON. Jamaica. Dec. CO. The cap
tain of the British steamer Dordogne.
which arrived here yesterday from Balti
more, reports that he saw the signal "I
am attacked" flying from the lighthouse
on San Salvador Island, Bahamas, on De
cember 2S. The Dordo-ne was unable to
send a party ashore, owing to lack of a
landing place, but the captain promised
to report the facts in the case to the
Jamaican government, and has done so.
Later a cable dispatch was sent to the
Governor of the Bahamas asking him for
details of the incident. ,
The German steamer Sarnia. arrived
here today from New York. December 21.
reports that when she passed San Salva
dor Island, a couple of days ago, she saw
The captain of the Dordogne believes
that a disturbance occurred on San Sal
vador Island and the Inhabitants besieged
tho keeper of the "lighthouse.
BRITAIN" LOSES THE LEAD
Trade Depends on Colonial Prefer
ence, and Is Growing Less.
BIRMINGHAM. England, Dec. 30.
Joseph Chamberlain In a speech here to
night said he believed that the dispatch
of Prime Minister Campbell-Bannerman
with relation to Chinese labor In South
Africa was purely an electioneering pa
per. If not It was serious and probably
would result In the same situation as
when Great Britain tried to legislate for
the American colonies and lost them.
Mr. Chamberlain said Great Britain had
already almost hopelessly lest the trade
lead and that her only hope now lay In
colonial preference, but he feared that
fiscal reform would be smothered under
the mass of minor Issues during the
England's Receipts Arc Less.
LONDON, Dec. 30. The revenue of
the United Kingdom for the period from
April 1 to December 31. 1905. shows the
total revenue to have been 54S1.73S.060.
The Increases are: Estate duties. 33,
567.SS5: stamps. 33.000.000; postofflco and
telegraph. 53.650.000; Suex Canal and
other loans. 5347,730, and miscellaneous.
5244.075. The decreases are; Customs.
36.600.075: excise, 52.019.110: land tax.
5150.000; house duty. $450,000 and prop
erty Income, 51.100,000.
The amount actually paid into the
treasury shows 5383,160 decrease. The
decrease in customs receipts Is mainly
due to tea
France Honors Dead Canadian.
PARIS, Dec 3). Impressive funeral
services occurred today at the Church of
the Madeleine hero over the body of Ral
mond Prefontaine. the Canadian Minister
of Marine and Fisheries, who died In
Paris December 25. The government ren
dered military honors. President Ububet
was represented, and all the Cabinet Min
isters attended. Marine Minister Thomson
pronounced a discourse on the tics uniting
France and Canada. and- Randolph
Lemlcux. the Canadian Solicitor-General,
replied In behalf of yCanada. The body
will be transported 'to Canada by the
British battleship Dominion.
Famous Palace Repaired.
VENICE. Dec 30. The corner of the
famous San Souvlno Palace, containing
the royal library, which was cut by the
collapse of the Campanile in 1902, has
been restored without requiring
demolition of that part which
thrown out of place.
Henry White .Talks Some.
ROME. Dec 30. Henry "White, the
American Ambassador, today held a long
and cordial conversation with Marquis
San Glullano. the new Foreign Minister.
The conversation was mainly with re
gard to the United States.
Earthquake Sliook Three Islands.
KINGSTON. Island of St. Vincent.
Friday, Dec. 29. The Islands of Gren
ada and Trinidad, experienced an
earthquake December 2S. at the same
hour at whtcn It was felt here.
Will Haul His Xante to Tokio.
BERLIN, Dec 30, Baron Mumra von
Schwartaensteln. the German Minister
at Pekln. ha& been appointed Ambassa
dor of Germany at" Toklo.
Makes Peace "With Colombia.
WASHINGTON. Dec 3. Advices re
ceived at the State Department are to the
eact that the threatened traaMa bet wee
CototnMa aad Veneatt arohaWy
OUTLOOK IS BRIT
Business Record Past Year
MONEY STANDARD IS FIRM
Lack of Overspeculatlon, Success
In Agriculture, and General
Prosperity Usher in Year
With Rosy Prospects.
NEW" YORK. Dec 30.-(SpecIaI.) The
year just ending will pass down In
history as the greatest and most pros
perous that American business has ever
known. It has been a period of lively
expansion In the trade volume, new high
records In corporation earnings and of a
rapid although by no means a general ad
vance In prices. The storm of 1903. which
wrought such havoc in the financial
markets, touched only slightly the real
sources of the country's wealth. By the
close of 1204 what little depression had
been caused In the principal Industries
was more than made good. The 12
months of 1005 have witnessed an entirely
new forward movement, far more vigor
ous and wide-reaching than the one that
culminated with the financial troubles of
three years ago.
Two great forces liave underlain this
wonderful commercial development; on
the one hand another season of extraor
dinary success In agriculture, on the
other hand assurance that popular sen
timent is overwhelmingly opposed to any
tampering with the money standard, the.
inviolability of which Is the corner-stone
of all business enterprises. Confidence
that the present business advance is
based on unsually strong foundation has
been and Is still the keynote to the ris
ing stock of the exchange. The year
starts auspiciously, because at the pres
ent time there are few signs of the mag
nificent opportunities to our trade pros
perity having been overdone. There has
been no general overspeculatlon. no ex
cessive rise In commodity prices, few In
stances of that extravagant capitaliza
tion of new industrial enterprises that
brought the financial community to grief
In 1003. While there may be cases in
the recent market where speculation has
overstepped the proper bounds, a com
parison of prices with those of a year
ago will quickly show there has been
nothing like a general ovcrspecu! Hon.
Because In these more vital aspects the
situation Is quite sound, there Is more
reason for hope than for misgiving as we
face the outlook for the new year.
NEW ItECORD IS 3IADE.
CIcariug-IIousc Business hi N'cw
York 3 lakes Great Advance.
NEW YORK. Dec 30. The business of
the past year In the New York Clearlng
House established a new record for bank
clearings. The clearings were $93,S22.0CO,
201. the balances 83.063.546.043. The total
dealings on tho New York Stock Ex
change with today's dealings not Included
were 211.S59.S60 listed shares of stocks
and 4S.3G0.457 shares of unlisted stocKs.
Government bonds 51.633,650.000. state and
railroad bonds 3S33.S02.70O. unlisted bonds
31S0.593.200. The sales of coffee on the
New York Coffee Exchange amounted to
21.2 2.250 bags, against 25.437,500 bags last
The year's business at the New York
Custom-House for 1004. compared with
3905. was as follows: Gokl and silver
coin and bullion imported In 1004. 514,
3S.S00; In 1003, 523.176.623; exported In 1904.
$11,443,556; In 1D05, $6D.56S,112. Merchandise
Imported In 1504, 5630.563.151. in 1005. JTCO.
120.340; exported, domestic, in 1904. 5491.
115.423. In 1005. 5537.579.7SS; exported for
eign in 1004. 513.33I.7S!), In 3005. 313.319.109.
Duties collected on merchandise In 3JXV4.
3170.270.776. In 1905, $167,502,990. Merchandise
shipped to Porto Rico in 1904 5S.35I.192, In
1903, 512.S13.S74. Merchandise shipped to
Hawaii In 3901. $16333. in 1005. 3263,840.
JEWS DISCUSS THE FUTURE
Knights or ZIon Hold Annual Con
vention In St. Louis.
ST. LOUIS. Dec. 30. (Special.) The
eighth annual convention of the Knights
of ZIon convened here this morning, about
200 delegates being present. Special
opening services were held this morn
ing, at which Leon Zolotkoff. assistant
state's attorney of Chicago, made an ad
dress. In the evening a grand reception
and ball was tendered the delegates at
Liederkranx Hall. In which the elite of
local Jewish circles participated. Sun
day the convention will b formaiiv
opened and In the evening there will be
a mass meeting at the Missouri Ath
letic Club. Rev. J. Is. Magnes, D. D..
Harry Frfcndenwald and others will
Following a review of the work of the
year the delegates will discuss the pres
ent status of Zionism and devise ways
and means of advancing, spreading and
strengthening the movement. Zionism.
they say. Is now commanding the earn
est attention of many who have hitherto
looked upon it with indifference. In the
face of recent occurrences, the Zionists
believe all Jews should unite and make
a strenuous effort to acquire a publicly
legally assured home for their brethren
who live in Russia and other semi-barbarous
NOW LOVERS ARE SAFE
N'evc Invention Discovered to Prevent
Outsiders Hearing 'Phone Talk.
DENVER. Dec. 30. (Special.) Harry
Fisher of this city has Invented a simple
device whlih gives the central telephone
office control over party lines, enabling
the operator to shut off all Interference
and listening by other persons and also
enabling the .operator to call only the
telephone wanted on the party line, no
other bell3 ringing. The Invention i.ia
simple device consisting of two induction,
colls, some wire and other bits of me
chanism, all of which are Incased In a
small wooden cabinet about four Inches
square. By Its use while two parties are
talking on a wire that has any number
of subscribers and telephone connections,
central office by simply pressing a but
ton can effectually cut off all other sub
scribers from the con-ersation of the
two. A glass dial in the center of the
small cabinet Indicates "line busy."
"When the parties are through central
presses the button a second time and
the register falls away from the dial,
showing no one on the line.
NO QUARREL WITH ROOT
Penflcld's Correspondence Shows He
Was N'ot I'orced Out.
WASHINGTON, Dec. .-Solicitor W. L.
PenA4d today made tbe following state
ment regariing hie retirement from the
la vkr of grroatou Interpretations which
avo bc- Rive to the motive for my xe
Iffnatfe am a4eHr (or the. Itep&rtBMat oC
State. I vroM say that It was Mt- or ac
count of aay re4t9t or msKeation. direetly
or IndlrcetJy. made by the President of Sec
retary of State, nor waa it beeatwe ef any
iidellcate or Improper assumption ea my
part to crUicie. as a subordinate official..
the JtMCTnent oc my chiefs.
The following letter from Secretary of
State' Root to Mr. Penfleld was made pub-
I have communicated to tho President
your letter dated the 23d Inst. In which you
have tendered your resignation of the offlce
of solicitor for the Department of State. The
President directs me to ay that In accept
ing yonr resignation he sincerely regrets the
termination of your long and distinguished
services. For myself. I beg to assure you of
the reluctanc with which I view the sever
ance of your important position vrlttw this
Regretting the loss the public service sus
tains In your retirement and appreciating
your zeal and earnestness in the fulfillment
of your duties. I trust you will carry with
you an agreeable recollection of our per
sonal association and an assurance also of
the good wishes of all those Who havn
known and esteemed you.
It has been thought In some quarters
that Mr. Penfleld's retirement was due to
the failure of the State Deparement and
the President to uphold his tindings in
the case of Ambassador Thompson, in
Brazil. Judge Penfleld went to Rio de Ja
neiro to Investigate the difficulties that
had broken out between Thompson, a Ne
braska man. and Consul-General Sieger.
It is the understanding that his report
corroborated the charges made by the
Consul-General. Shortly before the ad
journment of Congress. Thompson's name
was sent to the Senate as Ambassador lo
Mexico, which was a promotion. The only
public reason that Judge Pentleld has as
signed for his unexpected retirement is
thut he desires to resume practice of law.
Drydoek Sails on Sea.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 30. A wireless
message received at the Navy Depart
ment today from the drydoek Dewey re
ported that structure 33 miles south of
Cape Henry: weather tine, and making
NEW TRAIN FOR PORTLAND
Burlington System to Add Through
Servlee at Western End.
OMAHA, Dec. 30. General Passenger
Agent Wakelcy. of the Burlington's
Western .lines, today announced that
on February 13. 1006, his company. In
conjunction with the Northern Pacltle.
will establish another daily train serv
ice between Omaha St. Joseph. Kansas
City. Chicago and St. Louis on the
enst; Montana. Washington, Puget
Sound and Portland on the northwest,
over their northwest main line, via
Billings. Mont. This makes two
through trains each way between theac
FEET BLOWN OFF' BY BOMB
(Continued From Page 1.)
daughter now about 12, and the baby,
born in 1900. He was essentially a do
Beside the brother Albert, mentioned
above. Mr. Steunenbcrg had a brother
George, whom he commissioned in the
volunteers for the Philippine War as a
captain, and who later became a lieuten
ant In thb regular service. Another
brother, "Pete," was for a time a com
positor on The Oregonlan, leaving la 1S90
to become a publisher in Idaho.
Frank Steunenbcrg came Into promi
nence nationally during the second
Coeur d'Alene riots, when he brushed
aside the state militia and called for
United States troops to preserve order.
For this he was hounded by labor agita
tors, who called him a traitor because he
was at the time a member of Boise City
Typographical Union. He contended that
his position as Governor was paramount
and he justitled hl& action by the neces
sity to save life and property. He made
the Coeur d'Alenes lit to live in.
W. J. CUDDY.
Tribute to the ex-Governor.
RATHDRUM. Idaho. Dec. 20. (Special.)
My grief at the assassination of ex-Gov-ernor
Steunenbcrg is boundless. My love
for him and ray admiration of his manly,
able qualities were sincere; our personal
and official relations were always cordial
and confidential. During the trying times
of the Coeur d'Alene riots we were much
together, and he bore his burdens with
parlence and did his duty courageously.
He was true to his state, the law and
the people: a nobler character, a truer
friend of the laboring classes never lived.
Although denounced and traduced by
certain labor organizations, he never
spoke unkindly of workingmen. He was
In the truest and highest sense a union
man; he believed in unions but hated
crime. He was the truest friend and the
most honest of men.
In politics he was truly nonpartisan. Hp
supported Roosevelt and the present state
administration. The. world is better for
such men as Steunenberg having lived
in it. BARTLETT SINCLAIR.
Havana Customs Grow.
H Ay ANA. Dec. 30. The customs col
lections for Havana during the past
six months were 59.600,000. an increase
over the same period for 1904 of 1"
(Do You Want to Know
What You 5 wallow ?
There is a growing sentiment in this
country in favor of antmcuots of xsowx
coHPoemoK. It is but natural that one
khoaM have some Interest in the cxwipo
fsJUon of that which he or she is expected
rto swallow, whether it be food, drink or
Becognteinjr this growing disposition
on the part of the public, and satisfied
that the fullest publicity can only add to
the well-earned re potation of his medi
cines. Dr. R. V. Pierce, of Buffalo, 2T. Y.,
has "taken time by the oreioc3c,,' it
were, and Is publishing broadcast a list
of all the ingredients entering Into his
leading medicines, the "Golden Medical
Discovery " tho popular Hver tavigorator,
atomach "tonic, wood purifier and heart
regulator; also of his "Favorite Prescrip
tion" for weak, over-worked, broken
down, nervous and invalid women.
This bold and out-spoken movement on
the part of Dr. Pierce, has, by showing
exactly what his well-known medicines
aro composed of, completely disarmed all
harping critics who have heretofore un
justly attacked them. A littfe pamphlet
has been compiled, from the standard
medical authorities of all the several
schools of practice, showing the strongest
endorsements by leading medical writers
of the several ingredients which enter in to
Dr. Pierce's .medicines. A copy of this
little book is mailed free to any one de
siring to learn more concerning the valu
able, native, medicinal plants which enter
into the composition of Dr. Pierce's med
icines. Address Dr. Pierce as above.
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets are tiny, suc-r-coated
anU-blllous srranules. They reg
ulate and invisorate Stoiasch. Liver and.
Bowels. Do not beset the " pill hank." bat
cure constipation. Ono or two each day for
& laxative and regulator, three or four for an
active cathartic Once tried, always In favor.
reft nnfl GIVEN AWAY, in copies of
fJUyUUU Tho People's Common Sens
Medical Adviser, a book that sold to the ex
tent- of 500.000 copies a few
years ago. at $1.50 per copy.
Last year we gave away
m.C80 worth of these Invalua
ble books. This year 'we shall
give away 160.000 worth of
them. Will yoa sharo In thJ
beaeit? If so. send only 21
one-cent stamps to cover cost
of nsalllD? only for book in
stiff paper covers, or 31 stamps
tor eloth-bosad. Address Dr
S. V. Pierce. BaffaJo. N. T-