The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, October 22, 1905, PART THREE, Page 34, Image 34

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    31
THE SUNDAY OBJEGONIAX. PORTLAND, OCTOBER 22, 1905.
'You may rail at tainted money, by the soul of all that's funny,
You may sneer at the old miser man or. kill him with a look;
But what about the borrower who always makes us sorry, or
y What about
M
Government Regulation of Railway Rates, by
Hugo Richard Meyer, assistant professor of
political economy in the University of Chi
cago. $1.00. The Macmlllaa Company,
New York City.
Shall the United States Government
regulate railway rates? Professor Meyer
practically says: "No." The question Is
one that affects every person in this coun
try, and as It will occupy a large part
of the time of Congress at the coming
session, an authoritative and thorough
presentation' of the subject -will be of de
cided interest to readers the country over,
including those who usually do not take
part In discussions dealing with eco
nomic matters.
President Roosevelt In his character
istic fashion has taken the decided stand
that the Government shall regulate rail
way rates, and has given his reasons for
this belief. Senator Elklns, chairman of
the committee on interstate commerce of
the United States Senate, 6ays that the
proposal for Government regulation of
railway-rates is the most important leg
islative problem that Congress has dealt
with in 40 years.
In taking the position of an individual
ist when he insists that the state does
not conserve the public welfare by inter
vening In the regulation of railway rates.
Professor Meyer states he has arrived at
this conclusion after 12 years study of
the question in this and other countries.
Professor Meyer was born In Cincinnati,
O., in 1SS6, and attended the public schools
in that city, for a few years. In 1877 he
went with his parents to Germany, where
lie remained for five years. His father
then removed to Denver, Colo., and
young Meyer prepared for Harvard in
the Denver High School. There he was
graduated In 1881 and passed the entrance
examination for Harvard In the Pall of
the same year. He remained in Denver,
however, and secured a position as clerk
in one of the local banks. He gave up
his position in 1SS8 and entered Harvard,
subsequently graduating with the class of
92. He then attended the Harvard Grad
uate School, "and remained there four
years. His active life began as an in
structor of political economy in Harvard
University, in which capacity he served
from 1897 until February. 1903. In that
year he was appointed by Governor Bates,
of Massachusetts, one of three commis
sioners to report on the advisability of
amending the laws of that -state govern
ing the exercise of the right of eminent
domain by cities in making public im
provements. One of the political managers In Den
ver decided, in the Fall of 1903. to circu
late a series of leaflets, attempting to con
vince the people that municipal owner
ship was not wanted In the West. Mr.
Meyer 'had studied the conditions In Eu
rope, and had convinced himself that mu
nicipal ownership was not likely to prove
a success in this country. He undertook
writing the greater part of the 32 leaflets
Against municipal ownership, which ap
peared weekly and extended Into March,
1904. January 1, 1903, Mr. Meyer was
appointed assistant professor of political
economy at tho University of Chicago,
and has since remained in that position.
Mr. Meyer Is among those who began the
study of economics with a strong bias in
favor of 'socialism, but came out with a
strong belief In individualism. He has
studied socialism in Australia and the
working of municipal ownershp of state
railways, gas and electric light plants
in Great Britain. He has paid special at
tention to the regulation of railway rates
in the United States, Germany, France,
Austria, Hungary, Prussia and Australia.
In tho present book, "Government Reg
ulation of Railway Rates," Professor
Meyer give3 his studies of his varied ex
periences In this and other countries. He
argues the question to the extent of 486
pages, with a business skill not usually
ascribed to what one may call a "clois
tered" thinker. Reduced to a few words
and eliminating a. mass of "lfs" and
"buts," Professor Meyer is of the opin
ion that general Federal control of rail
way rates would not be beneficial, be
cause In European countries where tho
state has taken control or partial con
trol of the - railroads, the question has
largely become one of politics, and ship
pers have been driven Instead to de
velop waterways. He explains that one
of the principal reasons which caused
the Prussian government to assume tho
ownership of its railways was tho com
plaint of discrimination In favor of com
petitive points, which Is one of the ar
guments put forward for Government
regulation of rates in tho United States.
According to Professor Meyer the remedy
in Germany has proved to be far worse
than tle cure. He makes the point that
the conflicts between various producing
centers Intent on securing or preserving
advantages in relation to common mar
kets have thrown the question of railway
rates Into. German politics, and that in
many Instances important legislative
measures for example the commercial
treaty with Russia have only been passed
the grouchy man
7 : WW .
by paying the price of concessions la"
rates to politically powerful sections of
the country.
He notes that the fixing of rates on
distance basis has hampered the Indus
trial development of Germany, notably by
the fact that all heavy and bulky freight
Is transported by water Instead of by
rail, and that it Is possible to ship grain
economically by rail only 125 miles. This
is all very well In a densely populated
country, where canals are numerous, but
what shall we say of the condition exist
ing in a new country where navigable
rivers and canals are rare or unknown?
In Australia the author finds that the
system of government regulation has
centralized trade to a remarkable degree
In three large cities of the country. In
stead of developing tho trade of every
section, as has largely been the case in
this country
After reviewing the course of govern
ment regulation abroad. Professor Meyer
takes up the question In relation tothc
United States. In an Interesting review
of the decisions of the Interstate Com
merce, Commission he shows that these
decisions If they had been enforced, would
have brought about results similar to
those found abroad. Onlv thr. limltntinne
of the law and its strict interpretation by
the Rlinrr-mo fmirf Vi .r.. .A .1.
... w -V" u. k dikVJ IUC
kserlous retardation of trade la the past.
Jiaa the railway of the United States
been under effective control of the Federal
Government in the 70s and tho early 80s,
writes Professor Meyer, we should nave
had each one of the sevoral groups of Sen
ators and Representatives from New Tork,
Pennsylvania and Maryland making- different
demands upon the Federal administration;
and we should have had them making their
support of administrative measures and pol
icy conditional upon tho recognition of
their claims with regard to the differentials
Tho extraordinarily difficult situation In
which the administration would have been
placed Is apparent. New York would have
demanded unconditional abolition of the dif
ferentials,. Pennsylvania would have de
manded one set of differential, and Mary
land would have Insisted upon another.
In Continental Europe the regulation of
railway rates by public authority has re
duced the railway manager largely to a man
who sits in his office and orders his sub
ordinates to run tralnB back and forth. In
America the absence of restriction upon the
railway manager beyond that imposed by
the common law has allowed the American
railway manager to become the most power
ful single factor In our National' life for the
discovery and the development of the re
sources of our country, and tho promotion of
trade and Industry. To promote the settle
ment of vast stretches of unoccupied lands,
and to find ever new resources to develop
within the territory already occupied, has
for half a century been tho main business
of the American railway manager. Tho
Imagination displayed by the American rail
way manager in discovering potentialities of
industry and trade, and In converting those
potentalltiesMnto actualities, has been equal
to the highest flights of imagination of the
great inventors and scientists; while tho
boldness with which he has sought to realize
his "visions" has rivalled that of tho great
soldiers and statesmen.
What, in short, does Professor Meyer
say as to the outlook? He thinks that
Government regulation of railroads should
bo limited to tho exercise of what may ho
called police powers. That is: to tho pre
vention of unfair discrimination and tho
disregard of tho safety or tho rights of
Individuals and communities.
One rmay or may not agree with the
author's sweeping condemnation, of gov
ernment rate-making, but everyone who
asplresMo a clear understanding of this
difficult question will admire tho schol
arly skill with which Professor Meyer
has presented his side of te case. His
book is largely a review of conditions,
and In addition we should have liked to
have had a real message as to what
should actually be done to remedy exist
ing evils In tho dispute between tho rail
roads and the plain people. If not gov
ernment regulation, what?
President Roosevelt has said:
I believe with equal firmness that it is
out of tho question for the Government not
to exercise a supervisory and regulatory
right over the railroads; for It Is vital to
tho well-being of tho public that they
should be managed in a spirit of Xalrners
and Justice toward all the public . . .
But n my judgment the most important
thing to do- is to give this administrative
body power to make Its findings effective,
and this can be done only by giving It power,
when complaint Is made of a given rate as
being unjust or unreasonable. If it finds the
complaint proper, then Itself to fix a maxi
mum rate which it regards as Just and rea
sonable, this rate to go into effect practically
at once, that Is, within a reasonable time,
and to stay in effect unless reversed by tho
courts.
S. M. M.
The Age of the Reformation, being volume
XI of "A History ot All Nations," In 24
volumes, by 2artln Phlllppson. Ph. D.,
formerly professor In the Universities of
Bonn and Brussels. Lea Brothers &. Co.,
Philadelphia. '
So long as the clergy alone knew how
to guide Intellectual weapons; tho so
called kingly knight flgHtlng In his mall
clad suit alone decided tho Issue of bat
tles; and bo long as classical literature
who won't return a
3S-g?
lay as dormant as the hopes of the com
mon people to rise In their might to bo
something higher than their plcbclasr
fathers ground under the Iron heel of &,
robber aristocracy the dawning of that
world-wide event, when liberty pT" con
science began and called tho Reforma
tion, was well-nigh hopeless.
But with the application of gunpowder,
the creation of Infantry which taught the
world that the days of the mailed knight
had gone, the eventful changes mado by
the Crusades, the discovery of America,
the Invention of printing and the trans
lation of the Bible and New Testament,
came the reign of blood from which
emerged liberty and two different kinds
of ihcology. The Reformation began, and
the reformers mado their mistakes, such
as killing the wrong people, and often de-v
stroying beautiful abbeys and cathedrals
for the mere sake of destruction, but, to
say the leasf, their work has received
the stamp of approval from many millions
of human beings. It is natural that thoso
theologians opposed to the spirit of tho
Reformation . should denounce it is a
crime.
Taking the period of 1450-1519 as a start.
Dr. Phlllppson writes of the Reformation
In a most liberal and just spirit. Yet ho
calls a spade ts spade, and there must be
those who disagree with his teaching. But
this is the penalty awaiting all historians.
The latter must write truth as they see
It. The present volume of 482 pages Is in
every way equal In point of value to its
distinguished predecessors. It has the
same ripe scholarship, wealth of accurate
information, and pictures of historic and
priceless" documents. It will add luster
to any library, whether or not tho whole
set of 24 volumes be taken.
In Germany, curiously enough, as Dr.
Phlllppson shows, the work -of tho Refor
mation was rather the work of tho com
mon, people than any one King, while
In England It received Its greatest im
petus from King Henry VIII and Queen
Elizabeth. In fact. If Henry had not been
sharply reproved by Rome as to the num
ber of his wives, the cause of the Refor
mation in England would 'probably have
been held In check for a number of years.
Tho author shows that TGuther was the
logical outcome of centuries of religious,
literary and popular opposition to Catholi
cism, and that Philip II bore the chief
part in Catholic reaction. In short, the
different periods of the great strugglo are
treated In two divisions: the Reformation
under Charles V, and Calvinism and the
Counter-Reformation.
Pages of powerful, writing are those
which describe the massacre of SL Bar
tholomew and the destruction of tho
Spanish Armada which latter, by the
way. was not so much caused by Eliza
beth's navy as by the hurricanes of the
Almighty and wretched Spanish seaman
ship. To Queen Elizabeth, Dr. Phlllpp
son thinks, is due the fact that tho two
great Protestant powers "England and
tho Netherlands took their place beside
the great Catholic states of France and
Spain, and that tho Protestant element
assumed a preponderating position In gen
eral European politics. Of "the magnlrt
ccnt postical, dramatic and scientific lit
erature which flourished in her reign, and
that of her successor, he speaks In terms
of proper admiration. Shakespeare ho ac
knowledges as the greatest dramatist cf
all times, and Francis Bacon as the father
of modern scientific methods.
Hero is Dr. Phlllppson's tribute to
Spain:
The support of large aeets and armies and
the wasteful wars she caried on In all parfa
of tho world, drained Spain more and more
of her gold and population. Thecampaign In
the Netherlands alone, up to Philip's death,
had cost the Spanish treasury over 110,000,000
ducats, equivalent to $20,000,000. -nore than
four times the treasures brought antiually
from Mexico and Peru. Twice In-1675 and
1590 the state was actually bankrupt and the
King arbitrarily lowered tho rate of Interest
on tho public debt nearly one-half.
Self-government and Puritanism are the two
elements one of which. English freedom wa
formed.
This is an Interesting side-light on tho
Stuart dynasty in Great Britain:
James, the first of the Stuart line In Eng
land, was quick to anger, easily lost his pelf
control and then cursed and swore in a most
unroyal manner. He was not fond of state
affairs, and readily left the management of
them to his favorites. Englishmen felt that
their King had no sympathy with the religious
and political aspirations cf the immense ma
jority of his subjects. Here Is the key to the
understanding of the whole destiny of the
Stuart dynasty In England. All Its represen
tatives always preferred their own advantar
to that of the nation. To secure their slight
est personal alms the Stuarts never hesitated
tb enter into treasonable relations with the
hereditary enemies of England, first with the
Spaniards, and then with the French. Yet at
first It seemed as if those Stuarts were called
to do great things for Europe.
It was wise of Dr. Phlllppson to write
"thoso Stuarts." The late Queen Victoria
was as much a Stuart as James II or
"Bonnie Prince Charlie," and she proved
to be one of the wisest rulers this world
has ever known. Her son. King Edward,
also a Stuart by descent, will do well If
he largely follows his mother's footsteps.
The earlier Stuarts erred because they be
lieved In the divine right of kings. This
hook?"-Seiected
I
period In the world has passed, notwith
standing Emperor William of Germany.
Prom the Yala to Port Arthur, by Lieutenant-Colonel
Oliver Ellsworth "Wood, United
States Artillery, and late American mili
tary attache. Toklo. With mass. Franklin
Hudson Publishing Company, Kansas Cltr.
Mo., and the J. K. Gill Co., Tnlrd and
Alder streets, city.
A distinguished contribution to the mili
tary annals of the United States Army,
showing that our soldiers when occasion
arises can write as skillfully as they can
fight.
The author. Uoutcnanl-Coloncl "Wood,
returned from Japan last May, and since
that period has been assigned to duty
at Vancouver Barracks. Tho publishers
of this purely military history of 252
pages, tho Franklin Hudson Publishing
Company, aro the largest publishers of
military books In this country. For a
period of nearly four years, "Lieutenant
Colonel "Wood was the American Military
Attacho at Toklo. and prior to tho out
break of the Russo-Japaneso war had
unusual opportunities for observing mili
tary conditions in Japan and her prepar
edness for war. As the world well knows.
It was at the closo of the China-Japan
war in 1SS3 when, at tho Instance of
Russia and other jealous European pow
ers, Japan was compelled to relinquish
her grip on Port Arthur and then began
to prepare secretly, quietly and syste
matically to seek vengeance on Russia,
her chief enemy.
It should be pointed out at tho outset
that "From the Yalu to Port Arthur"
Is merely an epitome of the first period
of tho great strugglo which has Just
closed in the Far East, and Is to a
degree tho compilation of the official
reports of movements and operations
which wero dally Issued by tho Imperial
Japanese "War Department, together with
other reliable Information obtained from
various sources. Through tho courtesy
of tho Japanese military authorities,
Lieutenant-Colonel Wood was enabled to
reach Dalny before the surrender of
Port Arthur, and was the first foreign
officer to enter that city after the capitu
lation. The maps In this book are tho
work of an expert Japanese cartographer
who did not understand a word of the
English language. Some Idea of the
labor in this connection may be appre
ciated from the fact that tho names of
places, etc, originally In Japanese, Ko
rean. Chinese or Russian, were first
translated Into English and properly
spelled, and then back Into Japanese
so that the patient Japanese cartographer
could place them properly on the map,
but with English selling. It Is a wonder
ful achievement. The carefully arranged
chronological tables, at tho beginning- of
the book, enable the reader at & glanco
to find tho date of any operation or en
gagement. Other writers, notably "O," havo at
tended to .the lurid, word painting of tho
campaign, a stylo more or less familiar
to magazine and newspaper readers. It
iias been reserved for Lieutenant-Colonel
"Wood to write this admirable war
history. Intended for military students,
but in such shape as to attract tho gen
eral reader. It is a calm, scholarly, dis
passionate account, such as a soldier
would writ with the purpose of treating
both combatants with absolute fairness.
After reading fragmentary accounts of
tho war. from day to day, it Is a pleas
ure to become acquainted with such an
abld military history. Those of us who
Intimately know books written by staff
officers on tho Franco-German and Brit-lsh-Boer
wars, rejoice to meet with an
equally able book in "Tho Yalu to Port
Arthur." It has long been a complaint
In this country that tho art of military
history lias been too much neglected by
officers serving In the United States
Army perhaps "Washington, D. C, has
bean largely to blame but hero is a
striking Instance of literary talent In a
purely military man. put to good use.
It Is one of tho notable books of a busy
season and ought to be largely bought.
"Tho naval history of tho Russo-Japanese
war should bo written by a naval
roan," very sensibly states Lreutenant
Colonel "Wood, and this Is so. Ho there
fore confines his records to a specified
center of land operations, but makes ref
erence to naval operations when land and
sea forces co-operated. Here are a few
extracts:
The conclusions drawn are that today the
Japanese army has no superior In many vital
points. The discipline Is superb, and the men
render absolute. Instant obedience to their
officers; who are studious, well Informed, and
keenly observant in regard to all details. No
contusion In an emergency, no boisterous
commands, or unnecessary speech mark their
every action. They are each a part of a
great and complete system, well organized
and well administered. Every Japanese, in
uniform, from the Field Marshal to the new
est conscript In the ranks, exhibit an un
questioned loyalty and devotion to Emperor
and country that la marvelous to contemplate,
and this Is the keynote of discipline. There
la but one conclusion such men with such j
officers are invincible.
Cossacks: It Is Interesting to hear the first
Japanese appreciation of the Cossacks. An
officer of rank is reported as saying that la
their habits Cossacks differ from any Other i
people he ever met. They live more like sav
ages than civilized beings. They prefer to ;
blrouao In the open to sleep under cover,
and their power of endurance" In covering long
distances la remarkable. It is with regard to
Intelligence and courage that this officer denies
them any praise. At Chong-Ju. they had all
the advantages of position, but they, made
no attempts to utilize them. They are far
from being courageous, as has been repeat
edly proved.
Llaoyang: It was. an Immense achievement
to capture this position under such conditions
an achievement which establishes beyond all
question the superiority of the Japanese sol
dier to the Russian. But it was an achieve
ment which could not have been accomDllshed
by any signal results like those accomplished
at Sedan, when the French were taken by
surprise and exposed to the attack of a greatly
rutxrlor enemy In tho unfortified open. The
defeat at Llaoyang Is crushing as It stands.
The Russians have absolutely no excuse.
Here Is a lemon to profit by and the whole
management of the Investment of Port Ar
thur br the JimnM in ft tit n.r .vt i.
tons. Our textbooks on strategy and the art
of war .will have to be re-wrltten If wo are to
gain anything from the Russo-Japanese "War.
Since the days of Sevastopol no other siege of
like magnitude has occurred, and the elego of
Port Arthur will go down to history as the
greatest the world has ever seen. Every step
taken by the Japan cm was a bloody one. cost
ing many gallant lives (chall we ever know
how many.p, but the pre-arranged plans were
carried out, regardless of losses. They knew
what they had to do end did it. The one
singular thing was that the Japanese gunners
never once saw their target at Port Arthur,
their fire having been directed from observa
tion polnta far away. Never before In the
history of the world has such target-practlca
been witnessed. -
love, a Mosaic Essay, complied by Paul El
der. 00 cents. Paul Elder & Co;, San
Francisco.
Issued in an oblong: format, tho page
being set in large-faced Caslon old
style, and printed in mass with rubri
cated captions, this little book of 16
pages 13 most welcomo with Its geh'tlo
message of peace, love and home. Tho
frontlspleco shows a detail of "Mother
and Child?' a study of wonderful, rapt
beauty, after Toulraduche. The book
Is well termed a mosaic essay, for It
Is solely mado up of extracts about
love by some of tho greatest thinkers
this world has ever known: Jesus,
Thomas a Kempls, Emerson, Shakes
peare, St. Paul, Henry Ward Beecher,
Carlyle, Lew Wallace, Eugene Field.
Ichter, Owen Meredith, Plato. Henry
rummond. Lord Bacon. Longfellow,
etc The cover and supplementary
page3 display poetical selections from
Byron, Scott, Tennyson and Leigh
Hunt's well-known "Abou-ben-Ad-hem."
The first of these little bro
chures Issued was "Friendship," "Na
ture," "Success," and now comes
"Love," tho sale of tho series approxi
mating: 100.000 copies. No time Is
wasted as to what Is the noblest and
best love husband and wife, mother
and child, or between lovers. But all
pure lovo Is represented In tho differ
ent selections, which are arranged with
skill. "Lovo" ought to bo In every
home. Would that its Influence could
be infectious, like disease!
One Hundred and One Entrees, by Mae E.
Southworth. Cover design by Spencer
"Wright. 50 cents. Paul EIder& Co., San
Francisco.
The enterprising- publishers describe
this cookbook as a "Gustatory classic"
Webster defines the word "gustatory"
as meaning- "pertaining- to or subserv
ient to the taste." All the same, tho
word is seldom used, but although It
doesn't have a mellifluous sound, there
Is no doubt that It harks back to a
very necessary department, that which
has to do with something- to eat. No
body, was ever yet found who could get
along without food and plenty of It.
Those of tho race who thought differ
ently generally mado the acquaintance,
Booner or later, with the undertaker or
cremator.
This useful little book Is issued In
an attractive oblong format, rubricated
throughout. Those of us who dipped
Into the Joys of tho "One Hundred and
One Sandwiches." will give a kindly re
ception to the "Ono Hundred and One
Entrees." making the sixth In tho
series. The classifications treated aro:
Oysters, fish, meat, vegetable, game,
fowl, mushroom, egg, cheese and sweet,
with nn appendix for manuscript notes.'
Tho book Is not a funny one. It Is
really and truly a serious cookbook,
and will be eminently useful, both In
tho homo circle and In that wider
sphere where rules the professional
caterer. Tho index Is in convenient
form.
Heroes of Iceland, adapted by Allen French.
Illustrated by E. W. D. Hamilton. J1.30.
Little, Brown & Co., Boston.
The rugged fighting spirit of Iceland in
Mr. French's book, which Is adapted" from
Sir George Webbe Dasent's translation of
"The Story of Burnt NJab," the great
Icelandic Saga.
Twenty-four chapters are written, con
sisting of as many stories telling of he
roic deeds and of the change of faith
from heathenism to Christianity of our
Norse ancestors, for who shall dispute the
fact of tho Norse or Viking strain in the
Anglo Saxon blood? Many curious cus
toms are described, such as the atone
ment, which consisted of a well-known
scale of prices for the slaying of men.
from thralls and house carles up to men
of position. "Two hundred In silver" was
the regular fine for the killing of any
man of consequence, and three times that
sum for a triple killing. A dramatic point
Is well told In describing tho change of
religious faith, for Instance, one Thor
gelr and his brethren secured converts by
force and baptized them.
Hero is one of Thorgelr's speeches when
ho took oaths and, pledges from his con
verts: This Is the beginning of our laws that all
men shall be Christian here In the land and
believe In one God the Father, the Son and
the Holy Ghost: but they shall leave off
all idol-worship, not expose children to per
ish and not eat horseflesh. It shall be out
lawry If such things aro proved against any
man.
The Scboolhoese la tho Woods, by A. G.
Plympton. "With Illustrations from draw
ings by Clara E. Atwood. Little, Brown
& Co., Boston. ,
Children who lovo tho woods and the
nature studies they teach us. and find
friends in our kin In fur and feathers,
will find pleasure In this little book of
272 pages relating to a picturesque country
school.
The schoolhouse was built on a lonely
country road far from a human habita
tion. Behind tho school was a delightful
wood and the air around was filled with
tho balsam of the pines, where the teach
er took tho children Into Nature's treas-ure-hodse.
Tho teacher was an Ideal ono
and had the rare gift of making goodness
fascinating and developing all that was
good and noblo in her pupils. Two pupils
shine out from tho mass, Rosalia, whose
ancestors wero the aristocratic Ludlows.
and Sally, who was a little colored girl
and who wouldn't Join tho Look-for-tho-Good
Club. Tho pictures of child life are
given with remarkable sympathetic skill,
reminding ono of tho purposeful "touchej
of Louisa M. Alcott.
Pleasaat Tragedies of Childhood, by Fanny
Y. Cory. $1.30. Harper A Brothers. New
York City.
Sweet aro the memories of childhood,
and well has It been remarked that those
who do not lnt!matelknow children miss
a good deal of the life that's worth liv
ing. Wo wero all children, once, and It
would undoubtedly bo better if some of
us were big children now, and good ones
at that.
One of the cleverest and most gifted
artists In America Is Fanny Y. Cory, and
her book, made up of drawings and
verso under tho title of "Pleasant Trage
dies of Childhood." Ig a great credit to
her sympathetic Insight of a child's char
acter and artistic ability. The verses,
which are most amusing and piquant, arc
contributed by Burgess Johnson. Tho
motif chosen for illustration Is chiefly the
autobiography of a baby, from the time
that his mother Inadvertently sticks a
saiety-pln Into one of his legs. The little
fellow's quaint observations are most
amusing. Opposite each picture Is a
verse. One of tho latter:
It's raining raining- hard as cats an dogs.
It always did when days we planned for
came.
I wish that we wero ducks orjlttle frogs.
Then we could have our picnic jest the same.
It seems zlf little children's pleasure days j
Could be put off in such a lot of ways.
A present of this book to one of a fam
ily of children will earn the enthusiastic
approval of all the children who see It.
Under the Lilacs, by Louisa M. Alcott. (2.
Illustrated by Alice Barber Stephens. Lit
tle, Brown & Co., Boston.'--
A new illustrated edition of a girl's
favorite classic, bright, wholesome and
entertaining. "Under the Lilacs' Is the
story of Ben Brown, who, with his per
forming dog, Sancho, ran away from cir
cus life and found a home with Bab and
Betty In. the old house 'under. tho lilacs."
The boys and girls are real flesh and
blood children not mischievous Imps
whose solo aim In life is to play hateful
tricks. The excellent drawings of Alice
Barber Stephens add to the material valuo
of tho book.
Ah Alphabet of History, words by "Wilbur D.
Nesblt and pictures by Ellsworth Young.
75 cents. Paul Elder & Co.. San Francisco.
Bound In Rhinos boards; set In art. old
style type and printed with Illustrations
over tint upon hard-pressed manllav thl3
amusing pictorial history book a3 a sup
plementary reader, can be recommended.
Historical and otherwise Important per
sonages are told about from A to Z, and
both pictures and verso aro excellent,
Tho plan, followed Is a good one, apd
young students will be aided In fixing In
their minds ' Important facts of history.
Here is one of the verses attached to tho
picture of William Kldd. the sea rover:
Oh. William K.ldd was a pirate then
Three centures ago.
It he should come to life again
To ho, my lads, yo ho.
The chances are that be would just
Get out and organize a trust
He knew the way to raise the dust
Three centuries ago I
The Seven Seas, by Rudyard Kipling. $2.
Illustrated. D. Appteton & Co., New York
City.
A new edition of a famous book of
poems, undoubtedly Issued for the
Christmas market and to satisfy thd
demand still alive for anything that
Kipling writes. Tho present edition Is
of the de luxe description with hand
somely decorated cover, artistic table
of contents, and full-page Illustrations
usually depicting stirring action. Each
page Is beautified by a study in green
suggesting marine life. Aj for tho
poems, they are of world-wlda reputa
tion and speak for themselvo-i. A
charming gift for those of artistic
tastes.
The Seata of the Mighty, by Sir Gilbert
Parker. $2. D. Appleton & Co., New
Tork City.
An earlier edition of this novel tell
ing of the storming of Quebec and the
glory of Montcalm and Wolfe, had much
to do with making increased literary
reputation for this" typical Canadian
author. With a cover lh blue and gold
and full-page illustrations In color, this
new edition Is also Issued for tho
Christmas market as a gift-book, and
will bo nlghly appreciated by thoso
lucky enough to find It In the presents
Santa Claus sends them. As a story
"Tho Seats of tho Mighty" was and la
an Immense favorite.
Jack and Jill, by Louisa M. Alcott. $2.
Little. Brown & Co.. Boston.
Rarely has one of Miss Alcott's fa
mous stories of boys and girls appeared
In better dress than the present volume
of 334 pages. In typographical appear
ance, heavy paper and full-page draw
ings, the book Is decidedly attractive.
The Illustrations are by Harriet Roose
velt Richards. Fathers and mothers of
the present generation know tho high
Ideal reached by the Alcott books, and
thevstrong, sensible, sane views of life
they teach. "Jack and Jill" Is" one of
the beat and will make a valued Christ
mas present fof" young folks.
Shipwrecked In. Greenland, by Arthur R.
Thompson. $1.30. Illustrated from photo
graphs. Little. Brown & Co.. Boston.
A atory of adventure on the Greenland
and Labrador coasts, and which cannot
fall to be popular with young people. A
party of boys, with a sea captain and an
older young man, find a drifting steamer,
the Viola, not far from St. John's, New
foundland, and set out to rescue her pas
sengers, which include the members of a
scientific expedition. The tale Is told In
a racy. Interest-compelling manner, and
one of the best word pictures is a descrip
tion of a vlsl to Eskimos' villages.
'Teddy Sunbeam, by Charlotte Grace Sperry.
Pictures by Albertlne Randall Wheelan. In
beveled boards. SI. Paul Elder & Co., San
Francisco.
Nineteen alluring parables for little
housekeepers, made up of short stories
simply but brightly told about the famil
iar articles In a home. The little book
also tells of the healthful, cleansing in
fluences of Teddy Sunbeam's rays, and
teaches practical recipes for order and
system. Teddy drying out tho spot In
the silk dres3, fighting the. microbe band,
on the warpath against dusty sweeping,
and other lines he will be suro of an
amused audience. J Q.
LIBKAKY AND "WORKSHOP.
"My Mamie Roso" has' Just gone Into ita
fourteenth edition.
"Shakespeare: The Mas." by Walter Bagehot,
published by McClure-Phllllps. has been adopt
ed this year as a textbk In the courses on.
Shakespeare at Vassar College and Mount Hoi
yoke College.
Captain A T. Mahan's Important new con
tribution to American history, "Sea Power in
Ita Relations to the War of 1S12." has Just
been published in two volumes, by Little.
Brown & Co.. Boston. Captain Man an will
tall for abroad later In the month.
Charles Scrlbnert Sona will publish directly
"Outdoor Pastimes of an American Hunter,"
by Theodore Roosevelt; "Essays in Applica
tion." by Henry Van Dyke; "A History of
Egypt," by James Henry Breasted, and "The
Fairy Godmother-ln-law." by Oliver Herford.
Mrs. Humphrey Ward has recently returned
from a trip to Munich, where she has been to
consult with Albert Sterner, the artist, over
the Illustrations for her new novel. "Fen
wtck's Career." which Is to appear serially
in The Century, beginning in the November
Issue.
In Issuing paper editions of "The Next Great
Awakening" and "The Times and Young Men."
two of Br. Joslah Strong's latest books. Baker
Taylor Co. announces that. 800.000 of Dr.
Strong's books have been sold. The first one,
"Our Country," enjoyed a tremendous run,
and all of his volumes since have been In wide
demand.
Tho Williamsons' motor romance, "The
Princess Passes,'' if anything. Is Increasing
In popularity as tho months go by. Henry
Holt & Co. are Just printing the eighth large
edition of this book, which In Its first -seven
months has sold more than five times as
many as the same authors "Lightning Con
ductor" did in Its first season.
4 The Century has secured the right to print
photographs or the objects round In the famous
discovery In Egypt made last Winter by
Theodore M. Davis. The objects Include
a carved golden chair, a golded chariot with
shafts and pole, an exquisite golden mummy
case, and many- other articles of greater
value than have been found for many years
In an Egyptian tomb.
Henry Holt & Co. will soon issue a droll
book. "The Wizards of Ryetown," by A. C.
Smedley and L. A. Talbot, While this fairy
story Is originally Intended for children, its
humor, which the publishers readers assure
them has a charm similar to that of the fa
mous "Alice In Wonderland," reinforced by
Miss MacGregor's quaint and amusing illus
trations. Is liable to amuse children of an
older growth as well.
George Barr McCutcheon's "Nedra" Is
going off with the same swish of popularity
that greeted "Graustark." and It naturatly
holds the place of honor In the Fall catalogue
of Dodd. Mead & Co. It la a highly exciting
story of elopement, flirtation, shipwreck, mar
ital entanglements and a. happy ending. Of
& much finer literary quality Is Florence Morse
Xlngeley's "The Resurrection of Miss Cyn
thia," It is the story of how a straight
laced New England girl broke away from
her narrow groove when th doctor told her
she had only one year to live. The book Is
said to be delightful, amusing, pathetic an.l
altogether superior to the ordinary run cf
fiction.
Miss Helen Nlcolay. daughter of John G.
Nlcolay, Joint author with John Hay of tte
authorized life of Lincoln, has written a boyr
life of Lincoln, which Is to appear In tt. Nich
olas during the coming year. While the work
Is founded on Messra. Nlcolay anl Hay's
history, yet It has much new material wUloh
Is of fipeclal Interest to younv fDlkx it will
be fully Illustrated, and one of tho I nd.ng
features of St. Nicholas during the mlng
year.
"The Man From Red Keg." by Eusene
Thwlng. author of "The Red Kegscrs." Is
another virile and wholesome story -f
American country life. Amelia E Barr M
on hand again with one of her nove'i o
unfailing Interest, It is called "t'eclMa s
Lover." and Is laid In modern New Y rk
A new mystery story with a plot that wu'.d
have floored Sherlock Holmes Is promise!
In "The Mystery of June 13," by Melvln L.
Severy. A most unusual sea tale, entitled
"The Edge of Circumstance." by Edward
Noble, Is said to bo a fascinating story for
men.
Judge Penfleld. who has been sent by Pres
ident Roosevelt to South America to Investi
gate our trade relations with that countri.
will find his report somewhat forestalled by a
Uttle book Just published, "A Comnvr-ial
Traveler In South America." by Frank V iborg
Two years ago, In order to straighten cut
burliness tangles. Mr. "Wlborg. representing the
firm of Anit x- -ivihn.-- i.t. . .
oi Cincinnati, made an extended tour. takng
In alt the Important cities of South Amrrl'a
His aim was to make a. study of business con
dltlons, and he Interviewed many buainessme
The results of his trip ho has embodied In
eaveral valuable chapters of his volume.
A noteworthy announcement comes from M,
cjure-Phllllps, who state they will swon publ sh
George Edward "Woodberry's new volume. 'Tte
Torch. In thia new book Tro'etcor Wood
Derry appears ever, more than In the past as
an Interpreter of the vital relations existing
between human Ufa and literature, and o
literature aa the embodiment of what Is best
m lire. The brilliant essays which compos
this volume were delivered first aa lectures
before the Lowell Institute, and deal In th3
main with race power In literature. The
underlying Idr Is that as one race brings
literature to perfection and transmits t it
the most vital qualities of Its civilization,
that race may die. but It will find a younger
and sturdier fellow ready to take the tir h
of enlightenment and carry It on. The chap
ters deal specifically, with "Man and the
Race." "The Language of All the World'
..XheJT,lan Mth." "Spencer." "Milton."
Wordsworth" and "Shelley."
Helen Leah Reed has written In "Amy In
Acadia." the flrrt volume of a second series
of the popular "Brenda" booko. Readers oi
tho latter stories will remember Amy as ono
of the minor characters surrounding Brcn Ja
In the new book sho Is the chief personage,
although almost ati Important are two younger
girls, one from Chicago, the other from PImo
outh, who make the tour of Acadia wltv
Amy and her mother. Acadia Itself, the pub
lishers. Little. Brown & Co.. say. "Is a flr.e
background for a story. Y!th Its beaut.rti!
scenery and historic associations In which
French and English have almost equal part;
and Amy and her friends have some Interesting
experiences among the descendants of the ex
lied Acadlans In the romantic region of Clare "
Miss Reed Is a Canadian by birth, though she
has lived most of her-llfe in Boston,
wene of her new girl's book Is laid partly in
Annapolis County. Nova Scotia. where her
grandfather held various government positions,
A valuable addition to the list of volumes
of sport Is John GUmar Speed's "The Horse
In America." It gives an Interesting his
torical account of the various breeds of anl
mals characteristic of the United States anl
what has been done toward their develop
ment, with especial stress upon the mist
famous representatives of each. The ro
mance and sentiment connected with th
horse have especially appealed to Mr. Speedy
and his account of the careers of great
heroes and heroines of the turf are not only
thordugh and accurate, but charmingly and
spiritedly written. There are valuable
practical chapters on "How to Buy a Horse,"
"The Stable and Its Management." "Training
vs. Breaking." "Riding and Driving." Mr
Speed has spent a lifetime with horses. He
Is a practical breeder and trainer, and his
expert assistance has frequently been sought
by the United States Government In deve!
oplng, special types of horse for tho Philip
pines and the Army.
The novel that stands at the head of thn
McClure-Phllllps list Is "My Friend the
Chauffeur." by Mr. and Mrs. Williamson
the authors of the "Lightning Conductor."
It Is an automobile story, full of vivacious
humor, with tho dramatic climax In the
attempted kidnaping of a young woman by
a fortune-hunting Italian count. Tho boo.c
has gone Into Ita third edition In a week
A more eerlous novel is "The Work of
Our Hands." by Mrs. If. A. Mitchell Keary?,
author of "He That Eateth Bread Wit'
Me." Its underlying theme Is th respond
blllty of wealth. Its heroine is a sweet
young- woman who marries a millionaire
and tries to make him realize that mone
is to assist people with, not to use In crus
Ing them. "Tho Pang Yanger." by Dr.
El ma A. Travis, la a dramatic love Ptory
set In a breezy Catsklll atmosphere, re: r
Roseggers "I. N. R. I.: A Prisoner's St in,
of the Cross." Is a curious book In which
a condemned man writes hta Idea of the 11!
of Christ.
Longmans, Green & Co.'h only new bock
of adult Action thla Fall Is Stanley J. We--man's
"Starvecrow Farm. They have begun
the Issue of "Tho Political History of Eng
land" In 12 large volumes by as many
English university professors under the
editorship of Rev. William Hunt, of Trinity
College. Oxford. An Important monograph
by W. II. Wllklns on "Mrs. Fltsherbcrt an.l
George IV." will for the first time make
public all the facts concerning the marital
relations of theso "Hwo persons. Andrew
Lang will put forth a nclentlflc study, "The
Secret of the Totem." and Rider HaggarXs
reporton his recent Investigation of the
Salvation Army in America and elsewhere
la Just out. It Is Illustrated with phot
graphs taken by Miss Angela Rider Hag
gard. who acted as her father's orlvate net
retary throughout the Journey. Mr. Lang's
new Christmas book. "Tho Red Book of
Romance," and Miss Upton's "Golllwogg's
Fox Hunt" aro the only Juvenile volumes
on this firm's list. Among the many solid
works is a six-volume "History of Diplo
macy In the International Development of
Europe," by David J. Hill, minister to Swilz
erland. "Commander McTurk." Cutcllffe Hyne's
latest creation, whose career Is now being
exploited In tho Popular Magazine, certainly
meets with some fearful and wonderful ad
ventureseven more Interesting to read
about, perhaps, than those of Mr. Hyne's
previous well-known character. Captain Ket
tle. In tho November Issue McTurk holds
up romo ocean greyhounds on tho high s'ay.
Jiut to demonstrate how easy It I ar.:l
cjmcs near being hanged as a pirate frr rli
pa'ts. There Is a vast assortment of othvr
reading matter In this number. "The Man
Who Did Not Commit Suicide." nn exeitlr r
tale of a crisis In Wall street, by Edward
Marshall, and "The Law and the Lawless."
the story of a tussle with tho Steel Trust,
by Richmond Arundel, comprise the novel
ettes, and there are five serials. Including a
new one. "The Mysterious Heathwole." by
Howard FItzalan. Judging from the opening
chapters, this last will prove a high1, en
tertaining story. B. M. Bower contributes
a -tale of ranch life. W. S. FltsGerald write
of the amusing efforts of an actor to "get
square" with a too captious critic. Lewis E
MacBrayne Is responsible for a rattling good
newspaper story, and Caroline Lockhart de
scribes the adventures of a sprig of British
nobility in a far Western community that
did not, alas! appreciate him.
Edwin Carlisle Lltsey, the author of "The
Raco of the Swift." a new book of stories of
wild animals in their Tiaunts. published by
Little. Brown & Co.. Boston, has lived all
his life In his native state. Kentucky In
tho Summer of 1001, shortly after the de
plorable Incidents resulting In tho assassin
ation of Senator Goebel, In the famous Tay
lor-Gocbel gubernatorial contest, and In
which a mountaineer was suspected of firing
the fatal shot, he was commissioned by
Leslie's Magazine to go to the heart of the
feud district and learn the truth concerning
Kentucky feuds and their causes. He wen'
to Manchester. Clay County, then a hot-bed
of trouble, and with much, difficulty pro
cured what he sought. A few months later
his article was printed. In June. 1002. his
first book, "The Love Story of Abncr
Stone," was published. He has written sho-
stories and verses for the magazines, and
last Fall had the good fortune to share wtt'i
two others the first prize of S1300 In the
"Black Cat's" story contest. A character
istlc of Mr, Litsey's stories of wild animals
In "The Race of the Swift" Is that aUhrnigh
Intensely interesting and exciting. thy are
kept strictly within the range of prot-abl!
lty; and the motives of action, such a
hunger, rage, and a mother's Instinctive
care, are all primary and elemental, sut'i
as may fairly be supposed to exist In an!
mals. The descriptions of the woods, of a
bird's flight, of a storm, of a drought and
other phases of forest existence In "Th
Race of the Swift" are vivid and graphic
An Important feature of Mr. Litsey's new
book is the Illustrations by pharles Living
ston Bull, who excels In drawing animals