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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
i PAGES 13 TO 24
POBTIiAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 8, 1905.
WOLFE & CO.
We Will Offer
Real Values ,
50c to $2.50 yd.
WHERE BED TAPE
Keep Commission- Is? Finding
Miich-Wasted Labor in
Problem Is What -to 'Do With Worn-
Out Clerks and to Give Young:
OREGONLVN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, Oct. 5. A half-hour talk with a
member of the Keep investigating com
mission is enough to convince any roan
that there is going to be a general shake
up in tl-e departmental service In Wash
ington when President Roosevelt Is in
formed of the manner in which oublic
business is transacted at the Natl jno.1
capital. Just how the President will set
about mak'ng reforms remains to be
seen; he may deal with all the depig
ments simultaneously, or he may lae
them up one by one, as the Keep com
mission concludes Its investigation. But
it may be ic down as an assured ftu-t
that there i going to be a marked le
fofm in many of the, departments; many
changes in positions, a shifting of respon
sibility and a reorganization of ihoe bu
reaus whlcn are now mismanaged.
The K;ap nvestlgation is not going
through the oepartments looking for
frauds: it is studying the methods of va
rious divls.)3s and finding out nw tl.e
service can be improved If in the course
of its investigation, the commission should
come acs fraud, it will, of course, re
port it, but it is not searching for cor
ruption -o much as it is- laxity in admin
istration i aJd general incompetence of
clerks ani officials.
Two mo whs ago tlie. commission awnt
to every bureau chief In the .Govern
ment ervi:e l.i "Washington a 'lull set
of .questions-to 'e answered. Thcs? quojs
tlons call for all sorts of information ns
to the manner ol handling the- business of.
the office aCiressed, but the reply to .the
written inqilry will nqt-end.'the Investi
gation. It will merely ..give, tic commis
sion a f JuJaUon on which to prjb-s fur
ther, and on which to compare tee work
of various bureaus in the same uopart
ment. Minr replies' have already been
received, ?nd, as was to be anticipated,
they indljito a deplorable conditlan In
some -parts of the service.
Chiefs Often Incompetent.
A great deal of the trouble in the Gov
ernment" service will be traced to heads
of bureaus and chiefs of divisions who
are unfitted for the duties they have as
sumed. In other words, much of the dif
ficulty in the way of good managsment
of the Government service is due. to the
incompet-iiice of the men in high purees
Some complaint is due because of inef
ficient clerks, but a rehabilitation oi the
corps of hurcau chlels and chiefs of di
visions will g5 a long way towards im
proving the service.
In -every department the work Is di
vided among various bureaus, and the
work of each bureau Is divided up among
several divisions. It is said on good au
thority that the Interior Department wlU
come in for a more .severe arraignment
than any other, so it is taken to illustrate.
Under the Secretary are the General Land
Office, Indian Office, Pension Office, Pat
ent Office and Geological Survey, in addi
tion to several Independent divisions re
sponsible directly to the Secretary, and
maintained in an advisory capacity. Bach
of the big bureaus has Its divisions, as
in the Land Office,, the divisions on for
estry, mineral claims, accounts, contests,
swamp lands, railroads, public auveys.
etc. Each deals, only with a particular
line, and each is in charge of a man sup
posed to be a specialist in that line.
Sometimes in the Land Office, as In other
bureaus, these division . chiefs are not
specialists, .have no especial fitness to
conduct the business of their division, and.
In many instances, chiefs who have the
legal apd the practical knowledge have
no executive ability, and are unable to
get good work out of the clerks and as
sistants assigned to them. There are
many such cases, , and the commission
4s endeavoring to find them.
Example of Wasted Time.
As an example, a chief of division in
the Land Office only a few days ago
handed to the Commissioner a 90-page
typewritten opinion which he had pre
pared in a case referred' to his division.
He'probably devoted the better part of a
month to the preparation of the opinion,
and it must have occupied a stenographer
a week or more running It off on the
machine. Yet the whole decision was In
direct conflict with a binding decision of
the Department of Justice on the self
same Question., a decision which the Land
Office could not override, If it wanted to.
That, chief of division, had he been com
petent, must have known of the ruling of
the Department of 'Justice. The commis
sion can conclude only that he was ignor
ant, and v therefore incapable, or was
opinionated and' obstina'tc, and equally in
capable. Meanwhile, i,wben that, .'opinion
was in preparation, all other business of
the division was set' aside, routine work
fell behind and trouble resulted. But that
is only a sample: it is not typical of
.Land Office chiefs, but Illustrates -one
reason why the Govcrnmeat service is far
Friction and Jealousy.
Aside from incompetence, there is fric
tion between bureaus; there is duplica
tion of work; two or more divisions or
two or more bureaus may take Identical
action on various .cases, entailing need
less expenditure of time and Aioney. There
are jealousies among subordinate offi
cials, in tne acparuaeate, -wsoca lead to
trouble, and'Jn. the Interior Department
this Is particularly noticeable. All of these
things are going to be ferreted out by
the commission, as soon as It has studied-,
the. written reports from all the various
Time and-' again, the assertion has
been that, if the work of the Govern
ment departments in Washington could
be, turned 'over to men who have made
a success m running big commercial
establishments, ; the entire business
could be . transacted in less time, at
much less cost and with two-thirds
the force of employes now carried on
the Government payrolls, and the com
mission is going to testify to the cor
rectness of this assertion., A commer
cial house would not have men in re
sponsible positions who were riot com
petent to fill them, 'nor would a com
mercial house employ a person who was
unable to render the service required,
np .matter how -unimportant.
Problem of Worn-Out Clerks
This brings up the question ofpld,
worn-put t clerks, a problem that, has
perplexed every cabinet officer in late
years and a problem thud is growing
more and more momentous as time
goes by. Many an old 'soldier, who
rendered gallant seryjee in the Civil;
War, is holding- a Government office
in Washington, and many a widow
whose husband gave his life to his
country is similarly employed. At this
day a. great proportion of these .old
clerks are" Incapacitated because of
their .age; they are feeble and unable
to perform the clerical duties to which
they have applied themselves, for the
past 20, 30 or 40 years. What Is to be
done with them? To dismiss them
would, in most cases, be-to turn them
out" on the world penniless and with
out means of supporting themselves
for their remaining years. -Moreover,
any such move would probably meet
with public disapproval. Yet every
old, incapacitated clerk Is holding a
desk that ought to be filled by some
person capable of giving a fair day's
work for a fair day's pay. There Is a
vast army .of worn-out clerks who have
rendered service In neither the Army
or Navy, nor are the widows of vet
erans. These people obtained Govern
ment clerkships years ago, and gradu
ally worked their way up until they
received fair salaries. As they have
grown old their capacity for work has
declined, and today they are drawing
salaries altogether "out of proportion
to the -service rendered.
It has been proposed, that a pension
list -be -created to take care of clerks
who grow old in the departmental
service, but Congress won't listen to
the proposition; it believes the clerks,
during thelr years of activity, should
lay aside enough to care for them in
their old age. Another plan much
talked of Is to assess every clerk
certain percentage of his or her month
ly. salary, and turn tho assessments
into a pension fund for the' benefit of
old clerks who. might then be retired.
But the young clerks and the. saving
clerks object, justly, and this plan has
not been adopted.
Demotion and Promotion.
But the commission has got to pro
vide some remedy -'for the old-clerk
problem, in order that 'there rimy, tie
a more equitable distribution of sal
aries and a better performance ofduty.
Tho present system cannot continue;
it retards business; It is unjust to com
petent. clerks of younger years. The
only other remedy, apparently, is to
provide in the Government's service a
scale of demotions to correspond to the
scale of promotions. Clerks, as they"
become more and more competent, are
promoted from time to time; why not,
therefore, as they decline in compe
tency, let them down by degrees, al
ways keeping their salary commen
surate with their capacity for work?
There is much unimportant work that
cquld be performed by clerks in ad
vanced years, work that is now done
by young men and women. It might
better be turned over to the old em
ployes, giving the young ones a chance
to rise to those pjaces where the de
mands are heavy. Several members of
the commission are favorable to this
idea; it may be recommended to the
President. It would at least take the
Infirm clerks from places where they
now obstruct business; it would be
wprth a trial. This -old-clerk problem
Is the most perplexing puzzle the com
mission iscalled upon to .solve.
Favoritism Still Exists.
But there is another thing the com
mission wants to know about; that is
the manner of making promotions in
various departments. A great deal Is
heard about civil service reform and
the futility of political pulL In most
departments that talk is Lll nonsense.
Political pull Is getting promotions for
clerks today almost an readily as It
did in the old spoils days; civil service
reform as it is practiced protects em-,
ployes from dismissal without cause,
and that is about.all. This condition
of affairs is in violation of law; It is
contrary to the wish of the President,
and it Is apt to stop when the commis
sion gets' through. Some of the most
interesting disclosures are apt .to be
those showing how ineffectual the Civil
Service Commission has been, and how
readily the "man with the pull" or the
"woman with a pull" has distanced
more competent clerks in the struggle
The commission has undertaken a
big Job. but Is going to the bottom,
and the personnel of the commission
and Its work in the Government Print
ing Office are ample assurance that the
work will bo well and thoroughly done.
SPIRITS CAN'T "FIND HIM
All Efforts to 'Locate Peter Ander
son Are in Tain. '
MILWAUKEE. -Oct 7. Although nearly
the entire population of Ladysmlth, Wis.,
has been engaged In an organized search
for 20 days and despite that every means
to discover his whereabouts have been
resorted o. even to employing blood
bounds, and' consulting clairvoyants, the
mystery of the disappearance of Peter
.Anderson, the Rusk County farmer, who
went but hunting three weeks , ago and
never returned, remains -unsolved. Anton
Anderson, brother of the missing fanaer.
returned Iro'm Ladysmlth today and re-
HARRY MURPHY PORTRAYS FRANK C BAKER AS AN APOSTLE OF PEACE
If. the loom of time should roll back 50 years, we would stand In the presence of two. events that had little
enough in common then, but which have since matched themselves together m the wonderful design of that fabric
called History. The public prints of Portland chronicled, in the year two births, one the G. O. P. of Oregon,
the other that of Frank C. Baker, who. it is paid, is destined to be the savior of that party.
For the Republican party of Oregon these departed years are records of discord and strife; hidden In their
dusky depths, silent and forgotten, crumbling away under time's corroding finger. He political machines, whose buzz,
to conquering hosts, was music, once hosts that, like the machines they served, are only useful now to decorate
memory's landscape. Chieftains have come and gone. Faction has followed upon faction; issue upon Issue. The ac
claims of yesterday have been succeeded by the anathemas of today. The huzzahs of victory have sunk into groans
of defeat. Reputations have expired before the fetid 'breath of scandal. Leaders have perished beneath the onrush
Ing feet of their followers. The van of triumph has given way to the yawning doors of the penitentiary: the man
tle of leadership to convict stripes. Hopes blighted, hearts" broken, woe, curses and ruin. This and much more In
the kaleidoscope of SO years and all because man Is ambitious.
Chairman Baker says that the day of dissension is done, that the bloody schism is about to close the gentle tap
of Peace is at the door. But, Is It? Can hatred, be converted Into love, ambition Into humility and renunciation
can the essential of human nature be altered? Perhaps when the effulgent rays of the .dawning mlllenium glorify
From herding sheep on the verdant, undulating slopes of Umatilla County to presiding over the Republican
State Central Committee, Is a far cry. but Mr. Baker has made that Journey. The foregoing glittering gems of rhet
oric and a few facts concerning the personality of that gentleman are the result of an Interview had with him
yesterday. The man who has assumed the cyclopean task of bringing order out of chaos was born in Portland, but
has lived, at various times, all over the state, and has held many positions of distinction. To recite his biography In
Oregon Is like carrying coals to Newcastle. A word on the characteristics of this latest apostle of peace.
Baker Is 6 feet tall, has light brown hair, gray eyes, a firm jaw. high nose, and a face lined with deep perpen
dicular seams that owe their existence to a predilection for smiling. When earnest in discussion, a wealth of vehe
ment gestures. Jerks of head, contraction of facial muscle, thumps on furniture and lunges at the atmosphere
cause his auditor to quake with terror, but render the speaker's words at once forceful and unmistakable. I
thoughtlessly asked him what were the prospects for peace. By an energetic attack on a table which was unfortu
nate enough to be convenient, he demonstrated that peace was Inevitable.
I asked. Frank I was calling him Frank by that time what he expected to realize on his investment of labor
In the cause bf harmony. He answered that there wasn't a thing In Oregon that he wanted. I wonder if he wants
something outside of Oregon.
Can Frank C. Baker bring about this "consummation devoutly to be wished" ? Well, he -herded sheep.
norted that he had given up hope
atraln seelnr his brother alive. Mr. An
derson spent two weeks searching
through the woods for his lost brother,
and his experience of the hardships and
perils of the wilderness convinceu. mm
that- his brother could only havo come
out alive by a miracle.
DOWIE CAN'T BE DOWNED
Says He Is Cured of Paralysis and
Will Visit Mexico.
CHICAGO, Oct. ".In & letter in to
day's Leaves of Healing. John Alex
ander Dowle, head of the Christian
Catholic Apostolic Church in Zion, de
clares he has recovered from his re
cent attack of paralysis and has again
started on his Invasion o'f Mexico.
Mrs. Emmons Sheds Tears.
SACRAMENTO. CaL. Oct. 7 The argu
ments the Emmons inai were Degun
today by Charles T. Jones, associate coun
sel for the prosecution. During his "ad
dress, which had not been concluded at
the time of the adjournment. Mrs. Em
mons broke down and shed" tears for the
first time In public since the trial began!
Tower Will "VisIfCarnegle.
BERLIN, Oct- 7. Embassador Cower
starts for England today, where he will
join Mrs. Tower. They will W the guests
'for several 4cys of Aadrew .CaraegJe at
SlTBnlH KILLS AUTOISTS
PEOPLE HUNDRED FEET
IN THE AIR.
Went Grade-CroMlajc' Accident la
Years Occurs la Con
MIDDLETOWN. Conn., Oct. 7. One
of the wrst grade-crossing accidents
that has ever happened in this vicinity
occurred at Cobalt this "evening, when
the Fitchburg Express, on the Air
Line, which leaves this city at 5:41,
struck the -30-horsepower automobile
of Walter J. Cowles; of Hartford, at
Taylor's Crossing, Just this side' of Ca
balt Station, killing Richard Gooding
Cowles, the 5-year-ofd son of Mr.
Cowles, and fatally injuring Mrs.
Cowles. Mrs. L. A. Keagy, a sister of
Mrs. Cowles, was also Injured, her
right arm being- broken and her body
cut and bruised. She will probably re
Arthur Franz. Jumped from the 'front
seat and escaped uninjured. His wife
and son and Mrs. Keagy were In the
tonneau. The express,, which was trav
eling at a high rate of speed, struck
the automobile squarely, carrying It
100 feet beyond the crossing, and
crushed It Into a mass of wreckage.
Mrs. Cowles, Mrs- Keagy and the .boy
weraTearricd witbr the automobile 'and
vV ,l " tv.
burled In the debris. The son was
taken out with a fractured skull. His
head was crushed In by a portion of
the machine. Mrs. Cowles was also
pinned down in the wreckage and her
skull fractured. Mrs. Keagy, who was
on the side of the locomotive, escaped
with less serious Injuries.
LEWIS UNDER SUSPICION
Big Note Given People's Bank Disap
pears From Assets.
ST. LOUIS. Oct. 7. In the Circuit Court
at Clayton today Attorney-General Had
ley made the declaration to Judge Mc
Ilhenny that the note of B. C. Lewis for
$146,375. given for a loan by the People'
f United States Bank to Lewis, president of
the bank, had disappeared, and asked the
court to issue an order to Receiver Fred
Essen, of the bank, requiring him to bring
suit against Lewis and his associates, who
Indorsed the note, to recover It.
' New Head of Dominican Order.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 7.-'ery Rev.
L. Kearney, of Zanesville. O., today was
re-elected provincial of the Dominican
Order in this . Jurisdiction, which In
eludes practically all of the United
British Imports and Exports.
LONDON. Oct. 7. The September
statement of the Board of Trade shows an
Increase of J13.293.0W in imports and JIT,
lBKOSe-m pjfoorw." " -'
LION IS PREPARED
TO TALK TO BEAR
Russia and Britain May Settle
All Their Old Quar-
MAY OPEN THE BOSPHORUS
Negotiations to Be Hcsumcd Will Se
cure India's Safety and May
Let Russinn Fleet Enter
LONDON. Oct. 7. The negotiations re
specting their spheres of Influence In
Afghanistan -nendlnir between Great Brit
ain and Rus3la when the Russo-Japanese
war broke out will te resumeo. snouia
Russia be willing, of which there seems
in he no doubt. The British government
is anxious that questions which caused
uneasiness In the past should again be
the subject of friendly discussions, ureat
Britain has already taken steps to tnis
Xn nfHHitl nf thi Forelen Office Informed
th Associated Press that it was rather.
prematnre to speak of the negotiations,
but he intimated that the government had
taken the initiative In looking to a re
anmntlon of the exchange of views. The
government had always hoped, the official
added, that the negotiations would be re
sumed, and realized that the present was
the most opportune time, as the peoples
of the two countries recognized that It
was to their mutual benefit tnat tne ques
tion in dispute be amicably settled.
The negotiations which are about to be
resumed have particular reference to Af
ghanistan, where each desires that the
other government guarantee not to ex
tend Its sphere of mnuence. Russia nas
shown a-desire to reach an understand
ing nv eurblntr the acCTesslve policies of
her border Governors. This has created a
good Impression in Great Britain.
Respecting the report that Great Britain
U tifllllnir to recoenlze Russia's SDOcial
nrivllpees In South Turkey In return for
Russian assurance of nonaggresslve pollcy
on the Indian frontier, the Associated.
Prpss was clven to understand that the
mipstlnn has not been discussed officially.
It Is possible, however, that Great Britain
Is waiting for such a suggestion to come
from Russia, when, it might receive fa
vorable consideration. 'Great Britain's pol
icy in regard to Constantinople Is dom
inated by considerations for tne security
of the highway to India. With thesafety
of India guaranteed by tho Anglo-Japanese
treaty and an understanding with
Russia, there will be no reason to rear
the presence of Russia on the Bosphorus.
Great Britain has also to offer In ex
change for the further security of her
Indian possessions her support in obtain
ing free commercial access to the Persian
PANA3IA AT PEACE CONGRESS
Little Nation Swells Up at Recogni
tion by Czar.
PANAMA. Oct. 7. (Special.) The new
est of the world's republics, as well as ot
the nations of the Western world, is prov
ing that it is possessed of a spirit ot
nroKress and a desire to make itseit
knerm In the domain of world events that
Is worthy ot emulation by some of Its
sister states. Little Panama will maKe
her first appearance on the International
stage at the next peucc congress at The
In the invitation extended by the czar,
Panama was recognized. The fact that
the little nation has an important canal
now in course of construction to its-credit
may account for the Invitation. Be the
cause whatever it Is. Panama Is glorying
In the fact and Is determined to make the
most of its opportunity.
President Amador I disposed to accept
the invitation and there Is little doubt
that, when the congress assembles, a
representative of the Republic of Panama
will answer to the roil call of the national
EARIi WANTS TO FIGHT DUEIi
Challenge to Associate Causes Laugh
ter Among County Councillors.
LONDON. Oct. 7. A sensational scene
occurred at the meeting of the Norfolk
County Council today. The Earl of Klm
berlay (son of the distinguished Liberal
statesman of that name, who held many
Cabinet offices), a member ot the Coun
cil, accused a fellow member named Sap
well of underhand methods and chal
lenged him to take a train for France,
where, he said, "We can fight It out
under proper conditions."
The challenge was received with laugh
ter and treated as a Joke by other mem
bers of the Council. After the meeting
had closed the Earl renewed his challenge
and Sapwell proposed to fight In a room
of a nearby hotel. The Earl Insisted that
they must fight abroad and said that, if
Sapwell refused, he was a coward. At
this point, the other members of the
Council Interfered and later the Incident
was declared closed.
American Singer's Throat Weak.
PARIS. Oct. 8. (Special.) Jane Noria,
the American prima donna at the Opera
here, and daughter of Dr. Ludwig, of
SL Louis. Is 111 with an afTection of the
throat. It Is feared that an operation
will be necessary. Her managers have
postponed the presentation of creations- in
which she was to appear during the com
Russian Emigrants May Come Now.
HAMBURG. Oct. 7. The. Senate has
abolished the order of . September 13.
which prohibited the transportation of
Rusj-lan emigrants through Hamburg, but
the six-day quarantine order remains In
Wilfley Taken Back to Denver.
KANSAS CITYJ. Oct. 7. (Special.)
Charles B. Wilfley, the former Denver
bank president charged by a grand jury
Ih that city with the Illegal disposition
of securities of the Denver Savings
Bank, was taken to Denver today by a
Deputy Sheriff. He says that he will
return to Kansas City as soon as he
Baron. Ferdinand Von Rlchthofen.
BERLIN, Oct- 7. Baron Ferdinand von
Rlchthofen. the distinguished geographer,
died today, aged 63 years.