6 THE SUNDAY OREGOXIAX, PORTLAND, OCTOBER 1, 1905. Entered at the Postofflc t Fortlanfl. Or., as second-class raatter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. (By Mali or Express.) Dally and Sunday, per year 9-f Daily and Sunday, six months Dally and Sunday, three months 2.-3 Dally and Sunday, per month .85 Dally "without Sunday, per year T.jjO Dally without Sunday, six months...... S.88 Dally without Sunday, three months... 1.93 Dally without Sunday, per moath...... .83 Sunday, per year Sunday sir months Sunday, three months .W BY CARRIER. Dally without Sunday, per week .15 Dally, per week. Sunday Included..... 8 THE WEEKLY OREGONIAN. (Issued Every Thursday.) Weekly, per yar Weekly, six months J Weekly, three months -6a IIOW TO REMIT Send postotnee money order, express order or personal check on your local bank. Stamps, cola or currency tro at the sender's risk. EASTERN' BUSINESS OFFICE. The S. C Beckwitb Special Aceacy New ,Tork, rooms 43-30 Tribune bulletin:. CM caco. rooms 510-512 Tribune building. KEPT ON SALE. Chicago Auditorium Annex. Postofflce News Co.. 178 Dearborn street- Dallas, Tex. Globe News Depot. SCO Main etreet. . Denver Julius BJack, Hamilton & rick, 000-912 Seventeenth street; Pratt Hook Store, laniSmeenth street. Den Jlottes. Ia Moses Jacobs, 300 Firth etreet. Goldfield, Nev. F. Sandstrom: Guy Marsh. Kansas City, Mo. Ricksecker Cigar Co.. Klnth and Walnut. Los Anceles Harry Drapkln; B. E. Amos. C14 West Seventh street: Dillard News Co. Minneapolis M. J. Kavanaugh, 50 South Cleveland O. Cames Push&w. S07 Superior CtreeL . New York City U Jones & Co- "Xstor House. , Atlantic City, X. J. Ell Taylor, 207 North Illinois ave. .... Oakland, Cal. W. H. Johnston, Fourteenth pndFranklln streets. Ogden Goddard & Harrop and Meyers & Barrop, D. L. Boyle. Omaha Barkalow Bros.. 1612 Farnam: Mngeath Stationery Co.. 130S Farnam; 24C South 14th. . Sacramento, Cat Sacramento News Co., fe20 K street. Salt Lake Bait Lake N'ews Co.. 77 West Eecond street South; National News Agency. Long Beach B. E. Amos. 6an Francisco J. K. Cooper & Co.. 740 Market street; Goldsmith Bros.. 230 Sutter and Hotel St. Francis News Stand; L. E. Lee. Palace Hotel Nevv Stand; F. W. Pitts, 1003 Market; Frank . Scott. 80 Ellis; N. Wheatley Movable News Stand, corner Mar ket and Kearney streets; Foster & Orear, Ferry" News Stand. St. Louis. Mo. E. T. Jctt Book & News Company. 806 Ollvn street. Waehlnjrton, D. C.-r-Ebbitt House, Pennsyl vania .avenue. PORTLAND, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1905. BISHOP TOTTER'S SUNDAY. The failure of Bishop Potter's tem perance saloon has not halted the work of that eminent divine in "behalf of a 3arge number of people whoso opportu nities for recreation in any form are decidedly restricted. Bishop Potter ljas always been somewhat radical in his views on religion, and in many of -his acts and utterances shows that he has strayed afar from - the old "hell-flre-and-damnatlon" theory of Christianity. At the same time none of these depart ures from the old-line religion have weakened his. hold on the masses. The bishop's subway saloon was a failure, tout a similar fate has overtaken many a previous attempt to better mankind. The Potter saloon was established to provide the city toiler of moderate or poor circumstances with a place to meet, rest and exchange ideas and views with his fellow-man. The rich members of Bishop Potter's church, of course, had their private clubs and societies, and a good' many of them found recreation around the Waldorf-Astoria and other similar loaf ing places forever barred from the poor toiler. The Inability of the poor but re spectable toiler to gratify his desire for a social glass without the necessity of going to low groggeries or gin mills in the submerged district did not change his inclinations, and the principle that inspired the establishment of the re spectable saloon in the subway was a good one. The bishop seems animated with a similar principle In his protest against the attempt to restore the old New England Sunday by the enforce ment of the blue laws. These ancient methods of Inflicting mental torture at tained their highest degree of public approval at a time rwheh in some 'of the strongholds of New England relig ion the burning of witches was deemed a necessity. In deference to a changing public sentiment, the burning of witches was abandoned many years ago, but some of the other features which tended to make religion irksome hav.e lingered along and become component parts of some of the blue laws which are bet ter by their non-enforcement The en vironment of the original observers of the New England Sabbath was so rad ically different from that in which the people of the present day are living that the old method of observing It is value Jess as a criterion for the present-day observers. The purling brooks, the shaded forest or the sounding surf anight have appealed powerfully to our 2Cew England ancestors after their six days of labor, but with scalp-taking Indians enjoying all of these natural beauties, theorlginal settlers were cooped up in the stockade and had no Dther form of diversion than prayer and preaching. Knowledge of science, art and litera ture had not then reached a stage Wlrere they were fruitful themes of dis cussion; and the minds of the people, Jike their physical efforts, were restrict ed and narrowed by the environment It was only In such a cramped environ ment that the mind of man could be distorted Into the belief that the hang ing of witches was a necessity for the good of the community, and it was only in such an environment that some of the blue laws which still cumber the Btatute-books could be conceived. The Potter Sunday as outlinefd by the bishop is a day of rest and recreation for the tired toller whose Inclinations after a week of hard work may lead to the sermons In trees and running brooks instead of those which are read from pulpits built by the hand of man. There are thousands and hundreds of thousands of people with whom the struggle for bread is not so strenuous as to prohibit them from enjoying such diversions on other days than Sunday but it is not exslusively for this class that Bishop Potter appeals for a. more liberal Sabbath day. His appeal for an abrogation of the old blue Ia-ws. of the New England -Sunday will be more successful than his subway saloon, and even that progressive project had mer its that appealed to all liberal-minded Christians. Oyster Bay always rises nobly to its responsibilities as the home of an Amer ican President "Whenever the Presi-. dent goes to Oyster Bay the village turns out en masse to meet him; when he .leaves Oyster Bay, friends, neigh bors; children, everybody goes down to the station to see him off. The Presi dent has had a strenuous vacation, but lie wanted it, deserved it, and got it Between his Colorado bear hunt his dive in the submarine boat his cross country horseback rides, and his excur sions with the Roosevelt boys, he has had a lot of fun. He is going to have more fun of an entirely different kind in "Washington this "Winter. The Pan ama Canal, the railroad rate question, Santo Domingo and Nicaragua, the stand-patters and the grafters will be tween them keep the President very busy; and that's when he enjoys him self most The only thing the Presi dent -will have missed during the whole year Is the Lewis and Clark Exposi tion; and that is not his fault nor ours. THE GREATEST OF DAYS. Every day at the Exposition has been Portland day, for the people of Portland have at all times had a special and pro found interest In the success of the great enterprise. They merely took occasion yesterday to give the world an oppor tunity to measure the Portland spirit The weather was not altogether auspi cious; nevertheless, everybody who could go went to the Fair. The Fair management called on Portland to show Its mettle; and "Portland respond ed. The day was a greater triumph, all things considered, than Chicago day at the "World's Fair, or St Louis day at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition. It was Portland day, but Portland people are not alone responsible for the magnificent results. The people of the Willamette Valley and Eastern Oregon, and of the whole Columbia Basin, came in swarms. They came to demonstrate that they are In the fullest, accord with Portland in all things that pertain to the development and welfare of the Ex position. Portland helped to make noteworthy occasions of Salem day, Al bany day. Hood River day, Astoria day, Seattle day, Tacoma day, and all other days during the whoe course of the Fair. Therefore the people of these places, being neighbors and friends, re ciprocated. And, above all, they gave to Portland Itself complete evidence that the people of the country at large are satisfied with Portland and Its re lations to the Exposition and to them. If this manifestation of good will and friendliness had been the only result of Portland day, it would have been suffi cient The Exposition has in many ways been a marvel. It satisfies every one that sees it It has been so well ad vertised that it has brought more .peo ple to the Northwest than any one imagined possible. And it has been so well managed that it will, according to President Goode's statement have a handsome surplus when the gates close. "Who could ask more? THE REAL ISSUE IX OHIO. On the surface. It seems that the cam paign in Ohio is ever protection and free trade. The Republican leaders want it so. Senator Foraker is leading the fight for the standpatters. Chair man Dick says the issue is the tariff. The Democratic leaders say the tariff is threadbare, and the real question is the Republican bosses. They are mak ing a tremendous onslaught on the Re publican machine by their charges of bossismvand ring leadership. But the result does not depend on what the people have to say about the tariff, on the one hand, or the bosses, on the other. The chief issue is local op tion. It is clearly set forth by a Co lumbus correspondent of the New York Sun; who says: The campaign made by the Anti-Saloon League has resulted in a large defection from Governor Herrlck In tht Republican ranks. The church conferences have by resolution de clared against him. and the Protestant clergy of the state are almost solid against him. On the other hand, the liberal element of the state has been forced to hte support. Hany of the clergy have been so violent In their at tacks on Governor Herrlck that "there Is now a reaction in hla favor. Many Republicans who regret Governor Herrick's action on the residence local option bill, and whp were dis posed to vote against him. are now declaring, that-t'hey wUl not follow the radical temper ance reformers into the Democratic camp. Some of the broader minded of the clergy are beginning to take the same view. The prohibition question is in politics In Ohio just as it is, or will be. In Ore gon. It overshadows everything else there. The Democrats have joined hands with the Prohibitionists to beat the Republican ticket; but they decline to acknowledge It because they fear losses from the saloon vote. The Re publicans insist that National Issues are at stake, so that they may avoid an dpen stand on prohibition. The Prohi bitionists make no secret of what they.. want and purpose to do, If they can, and that Is to defeat the Republican nominees. THE LAST OF HIS CLASS. The" death of George Macdonald Scotchman, preacher, poet novelist a few days ago was the passing of the last of a school of writers and thinkers who, for their own generation at least, mingled the useful and the sweet In admirable proportions through their works. This Is the estimate of the NeW York Evening Post, and ft Is one in which readers of the old school will heartily coincide. Macdonald was, at his passing, SI years old five years younger than Charles Klngsley. He wasa product and representative of the sarrie general movement which sought to sugar-coat religion with fiction and thus make it palatable. Klngsley .was the more forceful, since with him Christianity was "muscular"; with Macdonald It was milder, though still "manly." Their novels and those of their followers were "safe"; the pulpit welcomed them; the critics found them good art; they might lie unabashed on the most, pious and cultured parlor table. Thefr tinge of unorthodoxy did not frighten away readers, but rather added a touch of piquancy to their pleasure. As a man, Macdonald fras so unques tionably moral, and the quality of his humanity was so high, that the good Evangelicals of the day in which his pen and brain were the most active were not shocked when he Indicated his belief In a paradise for animals by asking: "Should dogs come into heaven?" The dominant impression left by the novels of this, good, and in the best sense great man, is their essentia!-! moral nobility. His novels, "David El ginbrod" and "The Elect Lady," are wholesome stories of pure, human men and women. "With villains and mean natufes he was inexpert in dealing. He could not understand, hence could not depict, their characters. On the other hand, he was peculiarly fitted to understand children, and his stories of child life were true to nature and full of beauty in their fine sym pathy for the moods of a child. The impulse given to manly or "mus cular" Christianity by the teachings and writings of men of whose class George Macdonald was the last to pass away is still ' powerful in the church- but" their literary skill perished with them. Like Jane Austen, they gavea. molding touch to the. life and sentiment of their time. Their work. In its sim plicity its wholesomeness. Its following after Nature, has a restful quality that abides with the reader. CUI BONO? "Whether the love of pleasure stimu lates one to more vigorous exertion than the dread of pain was a question dear to. old-fashioned debating clubs. In the youth of Benjamin Franklin and for a hundred years afterward these clubs were to young men and boys what football and cigarettes are now. The charm of the question lay In Its having no answer. On the affirmative side, as well as the negative, rolled a boundless ocean of facts and arguments, and if tonight one party, in the opinion of the honorable judges, had dipped the more copious buckets, next week the same happy fortune might befall the other. Thus defeat was never Irretrievable and victory never decisive, and the fadeless Interest of agame of chance overhung the debate. f There are survivals In rural parts of these debating clubs, so foreign to the tastes of the modern schoolboy, just as In college now and then one still comes across a youth, -who takes an interest In things Intellectual; and In these clubs the same old questions are discussed with the same futility as of yore. If a young man, wearying of a controversy which can never end, should emerge from the secluded hamlets where such arguments are still carried on and seek for an answer to the question about the love of pleasure and the dread of pain In the facts of our American life, asking himself, as he observes what goes on, which of the two passions influences us most he must remain In doubt as much as ever, perhaps. And perhaps again he need not In our' mad race across the little tract of time which Provi dence has divided to this "generation, are we really urged in less degree by the dread of pain than by the desire for pleasure? It almost seems that one might victoriously argue upon the neg ative If the Judges were fair. Our ca reer Is a wild one; nobody can deny that It gives us no time to become thinkers, poets or scientists; sunshine and flowers, Spring and Summer, rush by in a blur; we cannot stop to weigh and compare values; there is no paus ing to discriminate between illusion and reality; there is no pausing to live. We can only gallop, gallop, gallop. "Ride as though you were dying." But what are we riding for? Pleasure Is a rosy-cheeked damsel, not too well thought of by sour philoso phers, who Is said to fly perpetually from him who pursues; but none who observes our American life honestly and carefully can say that In our In sane race from the cradle to the grave we are chasing sensual Pleasure. The story of the marrleti-j-ouple In high so ciety who lived on flint soup 353 days In the year to feast their aristocratic friends the other two, is true to our nature and typical of what we ar.e all doing in our degree. "We are reaching for something just a little beyond us. The farmer apes his salaried brother who lives in the city. The salaried brother apes his friends who Jiavc Incpmes a little larger. They race with the smaller aristocrats who pay sal aries instead of earning them.' The small aristocrats race with the big ones. The boy on the farm will be a lawyer and the girl a school teacher. The law yer must become a capitalist or a United States Senator. The Senator must marry hlSj daughter to a Duke. "We can answer, therefore, the question What are we riding for? We are rid ing, In fact, to catch the man, or woman, ahead of us. And what is he riding for? To tumble Into his grave. There is finality for you. But in all that there Is no sensual pleasure. To be continually straining with all one's energy for something which Is forever just out of reach Is not enjoyment The ancients numbered it among the tor tures of the damned. The punishment of Tantalus was to stand up to the chin in water which he could never drink, and iQng eternally for fruit hanging a little beyond his grasp; and the life we live of perpetual striving for what we cannot attain amounts to this, and nothing more. In saying this one feels a sense of un orthodoxy, as if, intact he were con tradicting all the answers in'the cate chism of democracy. The first ques tion in that catechism, at least as we have adapted it Is, "What Is the first duty of man?" And the answer, "To rise so high in the world that he can despise his father's calHng." And the first and sole duty of parents, as taught in this catechism. Is to make their chil dren better than themselves; not better men and women; do not make the mis take of thinking that Js the meaning of the precept; and not better craftsmen In whatever kind or degree; but better socially. The duty of the parent to his children, In American acceptation, is to train them to a higher standard of com fort and expense than their fathers' and to place them where they can look down upon some, if not all, of their neighbors who once could look down upon them. We thus see that it was not quite accurate to say a moment ago that we. are all galloping to catch the man ahead. What we really wish Is to get beyond him, and then, as we speed away, look back with' a pitying and patronizing sneer. There is noth ing your true democrat so much enjoys as to be "socially superior to somebody else and to make that other feel his in feriority. Herein lies the secret of the servant problem, if one had time to dis cuss It. The mistress of the house Is so eager to rub the maid's servile con dition into the raw spots of her con sciousness that the whole tribe of do mestic workers has rebelled, and gone Into other vocations. The pleasure of despising the friends and companions of one's youth Is real and It Is lasting. What the German poet said of other pleasure, that It Is gone ere It begins, cannot be said of this. The Joy of "not knowing" the girl who used to go to spelling school with you lasts during the whole trip on the boat or train where one happens to run across her,, or during the whole period of the afternoon tea, where by some strange chance she has intruded. Schopenhauer could never have taught his sad dogma that the highest purpose of life is to extinguish the will to live if he had ever experienced the pleasure of glaring with cola irrecognltion Into the face of a former friend. Our Amer ican caste system differs from that of HIndoostan not In having the lines less stralghtly drawn, but In that there Is a way to cross them. II has been said that this generation of mankind dreads physical pain and even discomfort more than any other evil. It is certain that our abhorrence of bodily suffering savors of degener acy. The pain, of a spanking is, worse for a schoolboy, we holdV than any; nrnouhT"of the vice which It would pre vent. A dozen smart lashes "on the back degrade a man more than the shame of imprisonment Injury to the body has come to signify with us the worst of Ignominy; which can only mean that we hold the body to be the noblest part of" the. man, if not the whole of him. Otherwise, why Is It that we are so tender of the schoolboy's hide and so careless of what used to be called his soul? However this may be, there Is one kind of mental pain which we all feel to be worse than any amount of bodily suffering, and that Is the pain of being behind somebody else In the mad gallop of life. To the gods Who we think may help us to get ahead we offer up soul and body, the peace of contentment and the Joy of friendship, the comfort of home and the blessed ness of love. Which, then. Influences us most, the love of pleasure or the dread of pain? SHALL TJIE FARM BE SOLD? When so many newcomers are seek ing farms, and price are rising every where, this is a very hard question for many farmers In Oregon to answer. So many there are In doubt that It be comes a master of almost general Inter est to suggeslhow It may be settled one way or the other. Some men will not stop to think, but, given a chance to sell the farm ata profit It will go, and the rolling stone "will take yet another turn. But to most of- us, to cut the roots which we and .our families have set Into the soil on vhlch we live Is a serious thing indeed. Suppose, then, that an offer is made of more money than we either gave for the farm, or at which it stands In our private estimate, shall It be ac cepted? The first rtiing to settle, is what the farm stands for to us and ours. Is it merely so many acres of land, such and such buildings and fences, so much young orchard or hop yard, an Investment of so much money which we can turn over and add to if the chance comes? That Is a matter-of-fact standpoint But when rising values are taken Into account and also the certainty that even outside of the rise that one farm shares with all oth ers, the particular farm has so much land to be cleared, so much old pasture to be broken up and cultivated, so many old buildings and fences to be re newed, then a year or two's persever ance will show a heavy percentage of profit on labor and money so invested. Hardly a farm In Western Oregon, at any rate, but comes within that list It may be that the farm Is too large for the capital of the owner. Posslbly the labor and money Involved In im proving the whole farm to the full may be too much for him. In that case It will be wise, from every side, to sell off to the proposing buyer all that cannot be completely worked. But, whether we admit it to ourselves or not, there are other things to think of before weTmakc up our minds to sell out ,The farm and the home are one. In owning It we have satisfied the universal passion for a piece of this world's surface for our own! But In Oregon there Is more by far. Our farms arc not mere legal sub divisions of a square mile of land. Hardly one but has a beauty of its own. To describe is impossible to suggest, even, takes too long. Hill and valley, woodland md fertile pasture, distant mountains and near-by streams, fruit ful trees and flowers homes, alrbf them. Most of us take all this for granted: It occurs not to us that the fa miliar sights and dally surroundings enter into the texture of our lives. In two ways, though, we may be con vinced. Strangers see with new and unaccustomed eyes what we pass by unnoticed. So from them we may learn. And, If we do decide to go, and leave to others that which, through slow years, we have made our own, how the old farm will ehine on us as we turn our backward looks. Try as we may,, we cannot hold the farm as the mere factory for so much beef and mutton, so much butter and fruit Nature, will be too strong for us, and all will find out. It may be too late, the strength of the ties between the family and their farm home. t Granted this and what follows? First, that our first question cannot be an swered by merely holding un a monev Iproflt to decide It Second, that -the 1 . . . ... juubur wv, una our pons ana aaugnters, live on the farm the more Interests In It and its improvement will gather round us. Purposes will be ever in course of fulfillment and each will be attached to some part, some side, of the old homestead. If this be sentiment it Is sentiment nearly allied to patriotism. In all ages. In all countries, the love for the land has Inspired high thoughts and the mightiest deeds. ' ERA OF THE SELF-31ADE MAN. . Professor Nathaniel Butler, of the University of Chicago, spoke at the closing session of the twentieth annual convention of the Brotherhood of St Andrew recenUyuoon "Education as a Factor In AmerlcanNtfanhood.' In the course of his lecture R&v declared that the term "self-made man" had come to be a fallacy, and added: Efficient manhood, the manhood that ought to be offered to the world, no longer cornea home-made. In this time of competition the world Is willing to pay the highest price for the efficient man. Jest as for superior articles of commercial use. There Is a basis of fact In this esti mate that will be recognized even by "self-made" men who take time from their strenuous life to look thoughtfully about them. Times change and" people change. The conditions of labor and the implements of labor are esientlally different from what thes were when Abraham Lincoln made the deck of a flat boat, and a maul and wedge, stepping-stones to the Presidency of the United States; or when a ferryboat and a laborer's boarding-house were -the foundations of the Vanderbllt fortune. The self-made man's success Is due only to unusual ability combined with unusual physical endurance. It may be doubted, indeedT if it was ever due to anything else. The man who boasts 'that he Is of this class may well be humble in the face of these facts and grateful to Nature for the equipment that made hi self -makings possible. This Is, to be sure, an era of oppor tunity; but the opportunity. Is for the -young man who Is prepared by the equipment of the technical. Industrial or professional school to meet and close with It Competition Is sharp; the de mand for energy Is not greater, than the demand for skilL The one Is born Into a man; the other Is an acquisitl6n. We are yet close to the period in our own pioneer era wherein a man could hew his way Into prominence and for tune with an .ax. wielded, sturdily dur ing the long vacation period of his at- LLertdance upon the poorly equipped vil lage school. 'Of the young men who even then failed. In the effort, and with bodies broken by privation -"went to V - early graves, or with spirits broken by long waiting for higher opportunity sunk Into mediocrity or. oblivion, the world takes little note. It Is only of those that through unusual ability, made themselves names and places In the world of finance, of politics or of business, who have been heard from. Of the vast number equal In endeavor, equal perhaps In ambition, but short In mental ability and physical endurance, nothing has been heard. lacking equip ment as a complement to their ordi nary ability and earnest Endeavor, they f a lied to rise above the dead level of commonplace existence "failed and saddened, knowing It." Out of these conditions the term "self-made men" arose; these condi tions made the self-made man a possi bility now and then a. striking reality. But the era In which they prevailed Is largely of the past; that which remains of lc4s on the wane. Efficiency In deal ing with the problems of modern life must be cultivated. It can no longer be manufactured. It Is not In a narrow sense "home-made." The wider life of the university and the technical school Is necessary to produce "efficient man hood, the manhood that ought to be offered to the world." Bare handed endeavor cannot hew its way unaided through the great laby rinths of competition to the highest places in the Industrial and mechanical professions. Hence, as Professor Butler has it, the term "self-made man" has come to be a mere fallacy in the world of modern endeavor. WORK AND EDUCATION. At the opening of the school year Is an appropriate time for students at our institutions of higher education to ask themselves whether they are col lege men and college women or college boys and college girls. In other words, have they reached that period In their lives where play has ceased to be the chief object of their endeavors and their activities merit the name of work? Is college- life merely an opportunity for greater social enjoyment in the lighter sense of the term or Is It a season of earnest effort for the devel opment of those qualities which make useful men and women ? Does absence from home and close friends for sev eral months constitute a license for de parture from those straight paths of conduct which have been followed In the past or does It Impose upon the student the necessity of exercising the greater care In the formation of habits and the choice of companions? These are questions which each stu dent must answer for himself or her self. Student life begins at-that age when boys and gjrls should lose most of their childhood ways and acquire the manners and habits of men and women. Whether they undergo this transformation depends chiefly upon themselves, but also in a large degree upon the Instructors under whose Influ ence they come. To each Individual Is left primarily the task of shaping his own character, though the example, ad vice and wisely directed assistance of professors and friends may go far toward determining the choice the stu dent shall make. When the commence ment season Is over and the years of preparation have merged Into the years of productive work, personal habits. Ideals and ethical principles will have been formed and standards of future action largely fixed. It Is easy to take life as a huge joke. There seems to be nothing seriously wrong with missing as many classes as the rules of the school will permit and studying a lesson as little as possible without failing to pass the examina tions. Using pony translations and get ting more advanced students to explain problems that close study should unfold Is perhaps admitted not to be entirely "fair." but It Is not placed upon the same basis with theft or falsehood. Minor violations of rules of the school are a disgrace if found out. but not wrong otherwise. These are the views many young people take of their work in college, and their views of life are framed accordingly. The wrong they do Is not an offense against their In structors nor in its most Important as pect an injury to the Institution, though each school must be Judged largely by the conduct and work of Its students. The deep-fixed and lasting injury re sulting from careless and slovenly work Is that which leaves Its scar upon the character of the Individual and Impairs his power for effective effort In" the great occupation of getting on In the world. Going to school is a matter of busi ness, and should be looked upon by stu dents from that standpoint Is It worth while? Will it pay? Is it the best I can get out of my time and la bor? These are queslons young men and women should ask and answer hon estly and fully when making a choice of opportunities. How canNI get the largest return for the. tuition and col lege expenses I pay? How can I make my Instructor give the largest return for his salary? How can I stop little leaks of time? These are other ques tions as Important to the student as similar questions are to every manager of a business enterprise, great or small. Industry, integrity, perseverance, are qualities of supreme importance In the world of affairs, and these qualities young men and young women must de velop In the days of their college life If they would be ready to fill desirable places In high callings. The man who shirks, the man who cheats, the man who gives up at the first failure! Is doomed-to remain at the foot of the lad der of achievement THE CIVIL SERVICE ARMY. The annual report of the Civil Ser vice Commission will be ready for the public printer early In October. It wilt show In detail to what enormous pro portions the civil service system has attained and give In exact figures the number in the great standing army of Government employes. It is learned in advance of the publi cation of this" report that 50,000 appli cations were filed by men and women seeking Government positions under civil service rules between January 1 and June 30 of tlje present year. Of this number, about -(5,000 took the pre scribed examinations, a large propor tion of whom are now on the '"waiting" list Statistics show that something like 10 per cent of those who file applications fall to report for examination. Of those who pasF, about 35 per cent re ceive appointments within the waiting period. The army of men and women who applied for Government Jobs last year through the medium of civil ser vice and took the examinations num bered 120.000. Of these, lOO.Oub passed and 4S00 were appointed. Contrary to the popular belief) the persons' receiv ing appointment under civil service and protectedrin their positrons by'lts.rules and regulations are not superannuated politicians or political and industrial driftwood seeking safe harbor, but for the most part are vigorous, competent men and women well able t& earn the salaries they receive. The average age of those appointed last year was 28 years. A standing' army, the ranks of which are steadily Increasing, Is this army of Government employes, protected from the spoils system In politics by civil service rules. In the early days of the system there were, comparatively speaking, but few positions In the clas sified service; now there are few places excepted from the competitive class. While on its face the method pursued is open and fair, it Is obvious tha? those who understand Its possibilities and are familiar with its ways, and means have little difficulty in placing or retaining favorites In office under its cloak. Still, it is but fair to assume that the sys tem Is reasonably just In Its operations and that it is at least an improvement upon the old spoils system that made no pretense of fitness .for official ap--pointment outside of the party line. A peculiarity of this great standing army Is that It has relatively few de serters and that If perchance one of Its members takes leave, no attempt is made to recover and return him to the ranks. There Is o refuge for the miserable fathers In New York City, earning from 53000 to $15,000 a year, who, because they are fathers, are driven Into the street by landlords whose houses shall not be desecrated at the hands and feet of 'healthy, happy children. Let them come to Oregon. If their vocations call for city environment, Portland is the pjace they are "looking for. Here the father can acquire a comfortable home for what his rent costs him In New York and in like scattered payments. Within the city limits we can house half a million people and guarantee to every family at least 50 by 100 feet of level ground. The strong probability Is that the children will be healthier here than in New York, and, living nearer to Nature In her most benign mood, they will develop into finer men and women. In Portland It Is not held to be criminal or unfashionable to have chil dren. Even in pretentious boarding houses they are not altogether tabooed. No local philanthropist has as yet of fered a premium for babies: It Isn't necessary. Portland Is dally paying out big money to physicians for bring ing them, and the Maternity Hospital Is running overtime. We may have our faults, but race suicide Isn't one of them. The Oregonlan has no expectation that the State University and the Nor mal Schools will be consolidated and located at Portland. It suggested sev eral days since that such consolidation and re-locatlon would be the best thing for the schools; but the people of Ore gon have a way of refusing to do the best thing for their educational institu tions, and will continue so to do. no doubt However, Portland has a large population, and would contribute many students to a state university If It were here; but parents who desire that their children have something more than a common school training do not, as a rule, send them to Eugene or Mon mouth. The private Institutions or col leges In other states get them. Mean while taxpayers here are paying, and have paid for years, a large proportion of the expense of all the state schools, and have benefited little from them. The "gossips "again have Miss Roose velt engaged to be married to Mr. Longworth. who Is a Representative 'In Congress, and who has money and good looks. If they keep at It long enough, no'doubt the match-makers will finally hit It; but no one can tell anything about a maid's way with a man, or what man. Meanwhile we are follow ing with profound interest and appre ciation the travels and adventures of our Alice In Wonderland. Homesickness, the haunting specter of the homeloving people of Finland, caused a wanderer from that far-away land to commit suicide in Aberdeen, Wash., a few days ago. Any one who has felt the depression that Is a feature of this grievous malady of the spirit and what stranger In a strange land has not? will sympathize with this son of the Far North In the feeling that made life not seem worth the living. The scheme of the two Oregon men who were $10,000 apart on a business deal and whd agreed to shake the dice for the difference, may not be strictly ethical, but It brought Tesults. Besides, anybody who consents to live In a town that was named by flipping a penny has no right to complain. Reports that Mr. .Harrlman had re turned from Japan were Incorrect. He Is In Korea, a nation whose splendid railroad facilities reminds hlra much of Oregon's. Otherwise, he begs to as sure Mr. Hill, guest of honor at Mon day's banquet, that it Is with great re get, etc. The "gentlemen's agreement" has ex pired by. limitation, says Mr. Hill; and It cuts no figure, anyway. In the north bank railroad. Evidently, Mr. Hill thinks that this Is a free country and, when he makes up his mind to build to Portland, no gentleman will try to stop him. The battleship Mississippi was chris tened by Miss Moneys We suppose the Mississippi preachers will agree that the occasion Is Inopportune to say any thing about tainted money; but they can take it out on the champagne bottle. Portland aimed at 100,000 and hit 83.003. That is two-thirds of the total population of Portland. Chicago had about one-half its population at the World's Fair on Chicago day. We never sleep. The Kansas. City Star advocates the election of one Philip F. Campbell as Senator Burton's successor. But they'll have to talk to Burton about It He's still In the Senate at least, he's not- yet in Jail. The two Oregon millionaires who threw dice for the $10,000 and a drink each at a hotel bar, were no -pikers. Twenty-five cents of It was cash. Called upon -for a solution of Lon don's latest railroad murderv Sir Conan Doyle, alias Sherlock Holmes, declined. Sherlock Is dead. It would have been a great day to take the census. , Forecaster Beals couldn't help. it. 0REG0N0Z0NE He "Won the Medal. "What Is the population of this town?" inquired the stranger. "Well. I guess it may be something like 1400," replied the citizen of the Eastern Oregon town. "Here's your medal." said the stran ger, pinning a magnificent gold badge upon the citizen's coat. "I don't understand," the puzzled na tive said; ''what are you giving me this medal for?" "Because it's yours. You have won it fairly. You are the lucky man. Just go over to the jeweler's shop ana have your name engraved upon it." "Look here! What's the Joke?" ask ed the native. "No joke at all. That medal, cost me $40. Am I going to pay $40 just to play a joke? Not I." "But please explain." "Certainly." replied the stranger. "I have been traveling- through your sec tion of country for months. When I inquire as to the population of one of your towns I always find- that the man who answers my question multiplies the real population by two. So I went up to Portland and had this medal made. See the word Truth engraved on its face?" . "Yes." "Well, I got this medal to present to the first mun who told the truth about his town's population. Ten other men have told, me that this town' has not leas than 3000 people. You win. Con gratulations." An Order of Rattlesnakes. Recently a Portland firm that deals In fish and game received from a man in an Idaho town this startling order: "Gentlemen Please ship me at once. C. O. D., one dozen live rattlesnakes. Must be good biters." Not having as many llvo rattle snakes on hand as the order called for. the firm could not make the shipment; but a letter was sent to the Idaho man. Inquiring as to why he wanted the rati tiers. Here is an excerpt from the let ter received in reply: "Three months ago I swore off from drinking whisky. I was determined to quit, so I took a solemn oath never to drink another glass of whisky unless I should be bitten by a rattlesnake and need the liquor as an antidote. Rat tlesnakes arc mighty scarce In this part of the country. I have been out hunting for rattlers every day thU month, but have found none. Now, I am a man of my word. I do not In tend to violate my oath. Surely you can get some rattlesnakes for me. Never mind the cost; I'll pay it. Please ship at once. Tills is important." Things We Do Not Need. A house as costly as the leading citi zen's residence. A $700 piano just because Mrs. Mc Dough has one. Sixteen suits of clothing and a dozen extra vesU Marble-topped furniture .In a four room residence with a plank walk to the front gate. Five-dollar carriage rides on a '$14-a-wcek salary. Automobiles. Airships. Whisky. After the Livestock Show. The animal show is over. And the anlmules have gone Back, to the fields of clover. To munch from dawn to -dawnt Thajiorses gaily prancing And tfie ponies cutely sweet, - No more are they advancing. For the bugle sounds retreat The mule that took the cookie (Or the ribbon) goes away,; Let's take one last long. look he For us no more wlH bray. The cow as fine as silk or As satin, she departs To be a patient milker 1 ' And furnish cream for tarts.r The sheep that, wild and woolly? Misrepresents the West, Goes back to pasture, fully As famous as the rest. The goat that gaily gambols' Before the crowd and fills Our souls with awe. now ambles Upon his native hills. s We're sad to see them leave us These anlmules so fine; It surely doth bereave us, Wherefore we weep and pine. But I could give them all up Without a walling note, Tf only I coufd call up That mastodontlc shoat! ROBERTU3 LOVE. "As Clean as a Chinaman." New York Sun. Next time you are In Chinatown notice the finger nails of the Inhabitants. You will be surprised possibly to find that they are generally as clean and bright as though they had Just come from the manicure. As are his finger nails so Is the rest of the Chinaman's- body. It Is one of the queer contradictions about this contradic tory people that although their houses are usually surrounded-by a fringe of dirt and although they don't take to modern sanitation a, bit they are very cleanly In their personal habits. Tha dally bath la an institution. A bathtub Is jiot necessary. Your Chinaman manages "very well with a few cupfuls of water and a, wash-rag. He completes his toilet by polishing his long nails, and every day or so he visits the barber, who shaves not only the scanty hair on his face, but the surface of his head and the Inside of his ears. If he can afford It the Chinaman puts on a clean blouse every day or two. It is no accident that these people arc a nation of laundrymen. It comes to them naturally. Last Summer a bunch of university stu dents took a Summer job on a big Cali fornia ranch. The regular hands had a good deal of fun over their habits of per sonal cleanliness. "Theyla. regular d n Chinamen," said the hands. "Always washing themselves." People Livinjr Longer Now National Advertiser. Dr. W. H. Washburn, of Milwaukee. Wis., who has a fad for gathering sta tistics, is reported as saying, in a re cent newspaper interview, that "peo ple are living longer now, and, in con sequence, doctors are getting poorer." He asserts that here is not a phy sician In general practice in Milwau kee who Is receiving within one thou sand dollars of what he received as Income in 1385. The average length ening of life in the last ten years, he snld. has been four years. In Milwau kee alone $300,000 less was paid for doctors' bills in 1902 than was paid" in 1892, and there were 150 more phy sicians to share the money. On the basts of this lengthening of life. Dr. Washburn said, the annual saving to the people of the United States yearly In doctors' bills Is $80,000,000.