The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, October 01, 1905, PART THREE, Page 32, Image 32

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Wasco, Umatilla, Josephine and Wallowa Exhibit Their
Products at the Lewis and Clark Fair
AMAJESTC Delaine ram, typifying one
of the greatest and most remunera
tive industries of the State of Oregon,,
adorns the beautiful exhibit of "Wasco
County, In the Agricultural building at the
Lewis and Clark Exposition. The wool
industry Is one of the greatest sources of
revenue to "Wasco County, and the ex
hibits in this respect are particularly
The ram stands on a wood and glass
pyramid, which Is decorated with Oregon
grapevine. In the pyramid below are ex
cellent samples of the wool sheared from
the blooded sheep that range in "Wasco
County, such as the Merino. Cptswold.
Delaine, Ramboux and Shropshire. The
people of this county sold over 2,000.000
pounds of wool last year, every pound of
which was scoured in what Is claimed to
be the best-equipped wool-scouring plant
la the Northwest, located at The Dalles.
It Is estimated that $500,000 Is invested in
the sheep of Wasco County, of which
vhere are about 200.000 head.
Wasco County does not depend entirely
upon the sheep industry, as is emphasized
by an exquisite display of applos, the
equal of any raised in the country. About
20 different varieties of this luscious fruit
are banked on either side of a tall rack
In the center of the booth, and on the'
tables are arranged more fine samples of
the apples raised In Wasco County. Cher
ries, peaches, pears, and many other kinds
of delicious fruit are also on exhibit, as
an example of the horticultural possibil
ities of Wasco County.
That Wasco County Is productive of
many things is shown by a fine exhibit of
the wheat Industry, in which it is one of
the- foremost counties in the state. The
wheat yield averages 1,000,000 bushels a
year, A novel method of exploiting the
products of the county Is that of giving
away small sacks containing raw wheat.
Other grains, raised in Wasco County,
which are in the exhibit, are rye. .oats,
barley,, speltz, the last-named a form ot
wheat used to strengthen flour.
Oregon Is noted for its vast forests of
the finest timber In the world, and Wasco
Coun'y helps materially in giving the
ptata this renown. Wasco County has an
ITH an artist's delicate sense of the
fitness of things, an immense gold
en frame of wheat grown in the county
, encompasses several specimens of art
showing some of the scenic wonders of
Wallowa County, Oregon. The county's
booth In the Agricultural building. Lewis
and Clark Exposition, occupies, and by
right, one of the most prominent positions
in the building.
"The Switzerland of America" Is the
term often applied to the county, because
of the grandeur of its mountain scenery.
' And becauj of these same mountains an
enormous wealth will come to its citizens
from the minerals hidden away in the
fastness and crags.
In a glass case in the exhibit at the
Pair are specimens of ores found in the
county. Granite and marble, said to be
the equal of the productions either of
Vermont or Carrara, are found in largo
quantities In the county, and beautifully
polished specimens arc displayed In tho
county's reservation at the Exposition.
Enormous deposits of cold, coonor and
the borders of the county, and are now
being developed. Within a few years,
with the Influx of capital, the county will
undoubtedly experience a rush similar to
the Klondike Invasion.
Wallowa County Is more than twice thi
size of the State of Rhode Island, and
the greater part of Its area Is covered
with a dense growth of timber. There
is but little underbrush, thus making
easy the working of timber claims. Pine,
fir and tamarack grow most plentifully,
and the conversion of these trees into
lumber forma one of the county's most
profitable Industries.
Although comparatively one of the new
counties of the state. Wallowa has rap
Idly forged to the front In the production
of grains, grasses, fruits and vegetables
and In the breeding of fine stock.
Tne greater part ot tne county is wen
watered by rivers and springs, and where
there Is a scarcity of the precious fluid.
Irrigation has been resorted to. with most
flattering results. Wheat, oats. rye. bar
ley and the famous- bunchgrass which
cattlemen covet, fox their herds, produce
area of 640 square miles, of which fully
cne-thlrd is covered with dense forests of
flr, pine and cedar. Samples ofthe fine
woods obtained from these forests com
prise ah interesting as well as Instruct
ive part of the exhibit! Over 500.0QO feet
of lumber Is ciit every day -by the Wasco
County sawmills.
Some very artistic samples of the tiling
and bricks obtained from the clay ot
Wasco County are on exhibition. Wasco
Oounty scenery, for which It is Justly
famous, is shown in numerous landscapes
arranged on the wafis. Probably the most
unique feature of the entire display is a
handpress owned by Captain Meriwether
Lewis, and used by him in his expedition
with Clark to the great Northwest, it is
of iron, and served as a seal for paper.
The words "Capt. M. Lewis" appear on
the stamp. It was found in an old Indian
burial ground near The Dales, by Lin
naeus Wlnans, of that city.
WHEAT is King in Umatilla Coun
ty, and it is also King in the
Umatilla County exhibit in the Agri
cultural building at the Lewis, and
Clark Exposition. "The world-famous
wheat county of ' Oregon," is what
Umatilla County calls herself, and no
one cares to dispute this clatyn after
a glance at the wheat display in tho
Out of an area of 2,000,000 acres,
350,000 acres are devoted to the culti
vation of wheat. This year tho yield
promises to be not- loss than 5,000,000
bushels of wheat. This staplo brings
to the farmers of Umatilla County
from 50 cents to 75 cents a bushel, and
the cost of production does not exceed
30 cents a bushel.
Scores ot photographs, which cannot
He, hang about the walls of the cx
1 Ibit, showing the different phases of
the wheat Industry of Umatilla Coun
tyi Views are shown of verltablo
mountains of sacks of wheat, which
have ben accumulated in waiting for
shipment. Some of the stacks shown
contain as high as 141,000 sacks of
A tall pyramid of Umatilla County
grains and grasses stands at the en
trance to the booth. Peculiar among
the many varieties is what is known as
"Wolfs hybrid wheat," a grain pecu
liar to Umatilla County and the State
of Washington, and known for its
hardiness and productivity. It is a
cross between red chaff and red Rus
sian wheat. Grains are also well dis
played in the center of the pyramid.
The most significant part of the Uma
tilla County exhibit is a large bin, in
which wheat, barley and wool are
artistically arranged, illustrative of
three great sources of the county's
wealth. Another, thing that interests
visitors are immense towering corn
stalks, not even second to those raised
In Kansas, which rear their heads 17
feet above the floor.
On neat littlo counters arranged on
all sides of the booth are very excel
lent fruits and vegetables. Those
among tho latter which attract the
most attention are monster onions
Apples, cherries, poaohes, prunes and
plums and strawberries, gTown to the
highest state of perfection In Umatilla
County, aro also shown.
A special display, is made of straw
berries, as they have proven to be one
of the most profitable of the horticul
tural products of tho county. One
grower, near Milton, Umatilla County,
this season realized $400 an acre from
his patch, or an average of 225 crates
to the acre. , Growers near Milton
cleared nearly $30,000 this season, and
next year it is expected all records
will b broken, as many new patchos
will be under cultivation.
Umatilla County exhibits a fleece of
wool weighing 5S pounds, and with
strands 13 Inches in .length. Wool
is also ono of the great industries of
the county. Over 6.000.000 pounds of
wool pass through the Umatilla Coun
ty -warehouse every year, and, more
than 10,000,000 pounds are annually
scoured and baled at the Pendleton
mills. There are about 350.000 head of
.sheep In the county, worth about $2.25
a head.
In one of tho oozy corners of tho
booth Is a brick fireplace, of the "old
Colonial style, made of Umatilla
County fireclay. On ono wall of this
corner is a grain picture of Indian life
In 1605, and on the opposite side is
another beautiful -picture of the life of
tho poor Indian of the present.
CONTENT with tho fact that tha
world knows of its wonderful -production
of fruits, grains and grasses,
Josephine County, Oregon, at the Lewis
and Clark Exposition, has Installed In
the Agricultural building and in the
Mines building, one of the most com
plete and interesting exhibits of min
erals at the Fair.
In its booth In tho former structure,
a tali pyramid of ores, and two im
mense banks of minerals on either lde,
together with oases and cabinets of
smelted ores, attract and hold tho at
tention of visitors. But few people, ex
cept those familiar with mining, realize
the value of the gold ore displayed in a.
glass case on one side of th booth.
Gold In- nuggets, gold in" -flakes.
placer gold and bar gold, to the Inex
perienced eyo looking like so much
brass, Is placed in a glass case, and is
estimated to be worth $10,000. This
small fortune was dug out of mines
located near Grant's Pass, and la but a
very small part of tho wealth yearly
'extracted from the earth in that famed
Mining is foremost In the long list
of Industries in the county. Josephine
County is termed the pioneer mining
county of Oregon. Gold was first dis
covered in the county" in April of the
year 1851. It la stated that at least
four-fifths of the area of the county
Is rich In mineral wealth. Side by side
with fields of alfalfa and orchards,
vineyards and hopflelds, are mines of
gold, copper, iron and other minerals.
Placer mines In the county yield from
$2000 to $7.000 annually, and because
of tho fact that the greater number of
rivers Is unnavlgable. this form Of
mining is carried on in tho county-with
but little restriction. Ground In tne
placer channels carries ' from 8 to 50
cents a yard In free gold, and gravel
Is frequently found bearing from SO
cents to 51 a yard.
Josephine. County claims to have
some of tho richest and best-producing
quartz mines on the Paqlflc Coast, al
though this phase of mining Is still in
its infancy in the county. More tnan
IbO mines are now being operated and
developed In the county, and the output
runs very near the million mark an
nually. Last year a boy found a chunk
of pure gold valued at $30,0CO In the
famous Sucker Creek district, and sim
ilar finds are recorded very frequently.
The largest and richest copper vein
In Oregon, it Is claimed, is located in
the famous Waldo district, in the
southern part of the county. This belt
is 25 miles wide and SO miles long, and
extends far Into California. Enormous
smelters are already in operation in
this county, and more are promised
within the next few months.
Some of the finest marble in the
Fnited States is found In this county,
tho most plentiful being the black and
gray. Several specimens, beautifully
polished, are on exhibition atr tho Ex
position. But not alone In menerals Is Jose
phine rich, but in the kind of gold that
grows in trees, is Jt especially blessed.
The timber resources and the lumber
Industry runs the mining Industry a
close second in the county. Josephine
has 1,185,040 acres, nearly one-half of
which Is covered "with a dense growth
of timber.
Sugar pine, red and white cedar and
oak are extremely plentiful, as is laurel
wood. More than 9,304,830.000 feet of
laurel nnd oak are now stnadlng in the
"The Country Thafc God Remembered"
Is" the grateful cry of the people of the
county, and a glimpse of its orchards
and fields gives sufficient reason for
the glad slogan of its people
very abundant crops, as do clover, al
falfa and timothy.
Hay Is the principal crop of the farm
ers of the county, because of the enorm
ous herds of cattle which thrive upon it
during the Winters. Wallowa County has
been called the cattleman's Paradise.
Some of the finest Shorthorn and Here
ford cattle in the country are raised In
the county, and In the matter of Perch
eron and other imported draft horses,
Wallowa County breeders take an ex
ceptional amount of pride. It Is claimed
that the county raises more hogs than
any other county In the state. The total
value of cattle sold each year amounts
to about $250,000, giving to each of the
G00O souls in the county the sum of $41.
Upon this basis rests the prosperity o
the county.
Jfotliinjr Too Iiiirgo for Enterprising
Thief in Budapest.
"VIENNA, Sept 30. Some particularly
daring and 'Ingenious thefts have recent
ly been carried out In Budapest under
the very noses of the police; who are
searching In vain for the perpetrator. The
first exploit of the thief was to carry off
all the granite blocks with which a side
street In Budapest was paved. He ap
peared one day with some carts and a
number of workmen, told the policeman
on duty that he was a municipal con
tractor who had the order to repave the
street, and requested him to keep a sharp
eye on the workmen to see that they did
not appropriate any of the stones for
Another time this man netted all the
fish In the lake of the Stadwaldchen Park,
the police In this case also giving him
all the assistance that he asked tor. He
gave It out that he was the now lessee
of the fishing.
His latest exploit wa3 the most daring
of all. He stole a Summer villa from
the wooded hills near Budapest. Again
he appeared as a contractor, informed the
people of the district that tho owner of
the villa had decided to have It removed,
and then packed up and carted away, not
only the furniture, but the whole of the
villa, which was built of wood.
Industrial Mormonlsni.
B. H. "Williams, of Butte. Mont., special
organizer for the Industrial Workers of
the World, the new labor organization
recently formed In Chicago, will address
a mass meeting ot worklngmen at Carpen
ters' Hall. 66 North Sixth street, at 8
o'clock this evening, explaining the prin
ciples and alms of the organization he
represents. All worklngmen are Invited.