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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
'TBB'SXJKDA.'T -OlCEGOXlA2s, POXITLAXD SEPTE3IBEIS 17,' 190o.
EZRA. AVEEKEF-, PIONEER OF '32 , UNRBRTAKE J' THE RETURN
JOURNE-Y W "FKIAVITXVE AWNNER TO
k2C w sbMit February IS. 1905, I in-
md to start from The Dalles,
Or., tmr KalnsvfUe (Council Bluffs).
2a U rotraco thc-g)lri. Oragon trail
followed by myself and others of that
proal migration of ISfc.
I mjrposc traveling over the whole
rwne I first followed with an ox and
cow team In okl ami grant style, to
show the preeent generation hojr we
Uvea atMi overcame obstacles. In order.
If poBOthle. to attract their attention,
outlet their armpathios and secure
their encouragement of the objoct of
the proposed trip. ' y
-'hat s the pbjoct of this trip?" the
roofer will have asked. "Is It morcly
r fe4. like the man crossing the con
tinent with a whoelbarrow?" Not at
all. My objoct Is to do the prollm
ioarr work looking to perpetuating
toe MoMtttr f that prroat thorough
tore. U old Oregon trail, and honor-tag
the memory of the intrepid plo
eere who first broke the barrlors
nod of those who followed.
I purpose to plant wltnoss posts on
Um oM trail at crossings of present
traveled roads, before all vestige of
the oM landmark is gone, and at junc
tions or other prominent points, con
junct those posts with the Government
surveys or prominent natural objects,
a Ml obtain easements from owners for
the alee of permanent stone monu
ments, which It is to be hoped, will follow
Whether the efforts to obtain funds
for tMe stone monumonts shall be
mooe to the athoritios of the five
mates throe g-k w,hich the trail passes,
or to the National Government, rests
aaUroty with those who may interest
thjojTnavQs la this work. My mission
U afcmpty to toraporarHy projorvc the
Identity ,of the trail and prepare
way for the"tmore serious work. po's-J
slbly, and Imay say probably, by oth'r'C...
er hands after mv own are at rest. A
beginning must be made, else the ob
ject will neveV be attained. ,
I say probably by other hands, for ,
the reason that I will have reached
the ripe age of 76 years by the time
the proposed trip is ended, and It is
to be hoped, and In fact expected, that
youngor raon mav come forward to
complete the work thus begun. How
ever, if it transpires the consensus of
opinion held by those interesting ,
themselves in this work is that an of
fort should be made to obtain aid from
the National Government, then 1j
would not hesitate to continue my trip J
to the National Capital. . i
My team will consist of one yoke of
cows, throe oxen and one horse. The
wagon, built expressly for the trip,
will be In part Ironed from the. re
mains of relics brought across the
plains 50 or more years Ago. The
"schooner" wagon bed will be ready
to launch where needed for river
crossings, and the oars will be there
ready for use. In a word, I purpose
to live the life of '52 over again. A
roadometer will be attached to my
wason, a competent artist employed to
take views of prominent natural
or artificial objects on the route. The
thoroughness of this work, however.
will depend in part on the aid ob
tained, asked for later In this letter.
Kind friends have been solicitous
lest the "hardships" of such a trip
would "be beyond my power of endur
ance. I know different. When the
1st day of October next arrives I will
have been In the Old Oregon Country
52 years, and never a day aok In bed.
Mlv mmwvM mm I I ill W III 1 ill I i PHI'i'Fi 'H' I1!1 'll II mm; ,&: ;. mwt .JCaM
l t r wm mmmx i wmz mm" J2r m m
i uzrt;oZW t &mmm .Jsmw -i eHm m: m
the financial aid received. I ought to I MfcnBSP" ' ' 1 I MRIP W' 4 tPB i I
have funds so that I mav emolov ad-I 1 BnsnsnsnflnVflFky "um, .1 III -"iM' , SM-m - ' TE;'' SKIII
accompnay me. to the end the trip may 'KSal&S& .ABsBs f I J tilW loPHv LZ IBP
be made more sneedllv than If the la- I n9affi9Ki. . ..rBSSBBSsBls9Bsabr T 1 Ks f Hi .- 3?ZmMmBl. ' JT BSSaSllM
h': i memrnk wimi imm iv m,. i u iw
aulhnrals throlaLn X mmmSmBSLmmmwBlmmam I I'A m'A mUmSSmmmmmM
kerned In nnrL hv ,W aid nrondsed. m I.MIIPI I U I'll InsM ' MM M IW : ' . InHVHIM
I will ask af, who propose to lend h HV B If ' M: . HLKH
k : ... mtr mmr. ,.
Some Nut Recipes for the Vegetarian
VJBOETARIAXISM as a fad has long
stocc passed out of public notice.
As an excellent mode of living it
Train grotttMl each year, and its disciples
J Increasing slowly but gradually. A
det without moat certainly has less ten
dency to cause nervousness, and the
claim of vegetarians that none of their
followers care for .liquors In any form
apaak volumes in its behalf.
Lack of variety in food is one of the
great drawbacks and nuts supply the
mom appetizing as well as nourishing
change to the monotony of fish and
getaMes. Nut season is near at hand.
And the following recipes for making use
of the delicious kernels will be welcome
even to the housewife who does not have
to cator to a family of vegetarians.
PoaAUt Bisque Half a pint of" peanut
butter Is required in making this soup.
It Is sola very reasonably at the gro
iers In glass jars, or a housewife can
prepare her own from the roasted nuts.
In which case, shell and remove the
brown skins while the nuts are hot. Dust
lightly with salt and grind at once. Pack
in tumblers and keep In a cool place
until they are needed.
Put the peanut butter together with
one ouart of itllk, one teasnoonful of
grated onion, and a saltspoonful of cel
ery seed into a double boiler and stir
until they become hot. Now add a ta
hlesftoenfut of cornstarch moistened in
r& ralllcVnd allow it to thicken. Strain
and soason with half a tcaspoonful of
salt. & dash of pepper and a dash of
Walnut Soup After romovlng the ker
nels from the walnuts, chop them fine
and cover with one pint of water, one
tablospoonful of onion' juice, one salt
spoonful of popper and one teaspoonful
of Fait. Cook for 30 minutes and add one
pat of hot milk. Thicken the soup with"
e,e levol tablespoonful of cornstarch
moistened in cold milk. Before serving,
a8d the well-beaton yolk of one egg.
flurried Chestnuts Cut a little piece
f-omlhe top of some chestnuts and boil
until they are sufficiently tender to pierce
with a fine skewer. Drain and removo the
shells and skins. Put the kernels in a
Fsucep&n and cover with hot water, al
lowing them to simmer gently until the
latter is quite absorbed. After melting
three ounces of butted, fry two onions
and two sliced tomatoes In it until the
onions turn a light brown. Then add a
tablespoonful of curry powder and let
them cook for ten minutes, taking care
that the onion does tiot became too
brown. Thicken with one tablespoonful
of flour. Now pour In half a. pint of hot
-writer and as soon as the ingredients be
gin to boil, draw the saucepan to the side
of the stove And let them simmer for a
quarter of an hour. Next add to the
curry sauce one pint of cocoanut milk, a
dessertspoonful of sweet chutney, one
teaspoonful of vinegar and a squeeze of
lemon juice. Taste the sauce to ascertain
whether a little more sweeT-or add is
required. Rub through a fine sieve, put
in a clean saucepan and add the chost-
nuts and two tabelspoonfuls of cream.
Allow the nuts to simmer In the. curry
sauce half an hour.
Almond Fritters Boll and mash four
good-sized potatoes. Add to them a doz
en almonds chopped fine, one tablespoon
ful of butter, two tablespoonfuls of sugar.
one teaspoonful of salt and the well
beaten yolks of four eggs. After mixing
thoroughly fornr into fritters. Roll thorn
In one tablespoonful of flour and four
tablespoonfuls of breadcrumbs, mixed to
gether and fry in oil.
A very tasty salad of nuts has oranges
and olives sliced on crisp lettuce leaves
and thickly sprinkled with the halves of
English walnuts or beechnuts. The dress
ing is a Mraple mixture of imported olive
ojl, sugar, lemon juice and salr and
Chestnut Souffle Mix a rounding ta
blespoonful of flour and a quarter of a
cupful of sugar. Add a cupful of chestnut
kernels, boiled and mashed. Then grad
ually half a cupful of milk. Cook five
minutes, stirring constantly. Beat the
whites of three eggs until stiff and dry.
cut and fold Into the first mixture. IJ111
three-quarters full, set In a pan of not
water and bake In a slow oven until firm
to the touch. Turn out and serve with
whipped cream or lemon sauce. -
Chestnut Cream Boil two pounds of
sound chestnuts, from which the tops
have been cut off, until tender. Remove
the outer and inner skins and stew the
kprnels In a sugar syrup flavored with
lemon peel. and. if desired, a wlneglasB
ful of brandy. When soft and clear, pass
through a sieve. Sweeten a pint of cream
and whip until stiff, then, flavor with
vanlla and mix gradually with the chest
nuts. When thoroughly blended place the
chestnut pream In a fairly deep dish and
stand on Ice for an hour. At the end of
that time, cover the chestnut mixture
entirely with whipped cream, sweetened
and flavored with vanilla, and decorate
with candled cherries.
Nut Cheese Chop very fine one-fourth
pound of almonds, one-half pound of
beechnuts or pints nuts, one-half pound of
roasted peautsPack this mixture Into
tumblers and when wanted for use. mix
with cottage cheese made from sour
Muffins Boll one quart of chestnuts
until tender, remove the kernels and press
through a colauder. Add to this one tea
spoonful of salt, the yolks of two oggs
whipped into half a cup of milk. Next
stir In half a cup of flour containing one
teaspoonful of baking powder. Fold in
the beaten whites of the eggs and bake
in pans. .
Almond Cookies Two pounds of sugar,
two pounds of almonds blanched and
chopped fine,' one-half pound of citron,
two tablespoonfuls of cinnamon and the
whites of nine eggs beaten to a froth.
Stir well. Drop with a teaspoon onto
paper and bake in a moderate oven.
Almond Pretzels Grale one-half pound
of sugar and the almonds until they be
come" creamy. Thicken over a moderate
fire. When cool, put on the kneading
board, spread well with flour, make into
rings. Sift granulated sugar over them
and bake In buttered pans In a moderate
Fried Almonds Twenty rodnding table
spoonfuls of flour, four tablespoonfuls of
butter, four rounding tablespoonfuls of
sugar, one-half teaspoonful of salt, one
tablespoonful of sour wine, or vanilla,
one-quarter of a pound of grated almonds.
Stir together, roll, cut into almond shape
and fry In hot oil. Drop Into sugar,
mixed with cinnamon.
Spice Nut Cakes Ono cup of molasses,
two cups of brown sugar, one cup of but
ter, one cup of sweet milk, one cup of
nut meats, chopped fine, spico to taste,
and one teaspoonful of soda dissolved In
a little hot water. Mix In flour enough so
that the Ingredients will stir easily. Boll
and cut In small cakes.
Hickory Nut Macaroons Mix one cup
ol mexory nut meats with one cup oi
sugar and one-half cup of flour. Drop
In buttered tins.
Hickory Nut Kisses Whrtes of six cggsJ
beaten to a stiff froth, one pound and one
cup of powdered sugar, one cup of hick
ory nut meats chopped and a piece of
citric acid the size of a pea. Drop in tea
spoonfuls on buttered pans and bake.
HermltsvThree eggs and one-half cup
of sugar, -one cup of butter, one-half tca
spoonful of soda, a pinch of salt, nutmeg
to cover a silver half dollar, one and a
half cups of seeded raisins, one pound of
English walnuts, both chopped, and two
and a half cups of flour. Drop from spoon
and bake in a quick oven.
The Return of Sherlock Holmes
The Comfort of Little Pillows
THE little head pillows should not
1 be regarded as a luxury, to be had
by a few, buj a necessity, to be had by
everybody," Insists a doctor whose fad.
If It can be colled a fad. As that people
should be. comfortable as they sleep.
"Most people exclaim to me, 'Why, we
are comfortable when we sleep,' but I
know better. They can't be with heads
lying on the usual large bed pillow which
brings a strain at the neck.
"Unconsciously, people seek to avoid
this neck strain by bolstering their head
with arm or hand, by humping the pil
low about the head, by attitudes that
throw the whole body into a stiffness
that does not permit perfect relaxation.
'L.Ittle head pillows obviate all this
strain. It Is not a fd to have two or
even three to tuck about one's -neck and
back to relieve the slightest effort against
" 'I never knew what peace was till I
tried'your Idea, one at my patients told
me. "I never waked up in the morning
without a strain of more or less annoy
ance to jne in my neck, for through all
my life I never had been able to get per
fectly comfortable In bed. Now. I tuck
my little wedge pillows, as I call them,
about mc, and never bother about com
fort, for I am simply surrounded by IL
"Speaklns of comfort in sleep, why are
most people so hard on themselves in the
matter of blankets? People who can have
plenty of luxuries will stint themselves
in the quality of their blankets, purchas
ing for themselves those made for the
most part of cotton heavy, unyielding
coverings that settle down like a weight
of lead upon one. tiring tlrcd-out limbs
all through tho night. It's warmth that
ono wants from blanket covering, not
wolght. Every ounco of weight on the
body as It sleeps is an ounce of some
thing to be deplored.
"Let It be your first luxury, if you will
Insist -upon calling necessities for health
luxuries, to put a lot, of good money In
blankets. You'll have to put in a lot of
money, for .the fine blankets-are expen
sive. "A very fine blanket, carefully cared
for at washtlmes and at moth seasons,
will outlive a cheap blanket by .so many
years that there is absolutely no compari
son between them.
"A good solid part of one's 24 hours
Is spent in sleep. Upon tho length of that
sleep and upon tho quality of it depends
your vitality In your waking hours. The
excellence of your work, the thorough
ness of your pleasure depend upon-Tour
sleeping well. Tou can't sleep well unless
you sleep comfortably."
Good Enough for Him. " ' "
In Sweden a plumber Is called a "vat
tenlcnnlngsentreprenor.' That Js what a
plumber ought to be called everywhere.
Omaha World-Herald.- -
In the cellar." said she. "Her husband
lies snoring on the kitchen rug. Here aro
the keys, which are the duplicates of
"You have done well. Indeed!" cried
Holmes with enthusiasm. "Now lead the
way, and we shall soon see the end of
this black business."
We passed up the stair, unlocked the
door, followed on down a passage, and
found ourselves in front of the barricade
which Miss Hunter had described. Holmes
cut the cord and removed the transverse
bar. Then he tried the various keys In
tho lock, but without success. No sound
came from within, and at the silence
Holmes' face clouded over.
"I trust that we are not tod late," said
ho. "I think. Miss Hunter, that we had
better go In without you. Now. Watson,
put your shoulder to ft. and we shall
see whether we cannot make our way
It was an old, rickety door, and gavo
at once before our united strength. To
gether we rushed Into the room. It was
empty. There was no furniture save a
little pallet bed. a small table and a
basketful of linen. The skylight above
was open, and the prisoner gone.
"There has been some villainy here."
said Holmes; "this beauty has guessed
Mss Hunter's Intentions, and has carried
his victim off." '
"But how?" .
"Through the skylight. We shall soon
sec how he managed It," He swung
himself up onto the roof. "Ah, yes," h
cried, "here's the end of a long light laa
der against the eaves. That is how ho
did it" -
"But it Is Impossible," said Miss Hun
ter. "The ladder was not there when" the
Rucastles went away."
"He has come back and done It I tell
you that he is a clever and dangerous
man. ,1 should not be very much surprised
If this were he whose step I hear now
upon the stair. I think. Watson, that If
would be as well to have your pistol
The words were hardly out of his mouth
before a man appeared at the door of the
room, a very fat and burly man, with a
heavy stick in his hand. Miss Hunter
screamed and shrunk against the wall a
the sight of him, but Sherlock Holmes
sprang -forward and confronted him.
"You vijlaln!" said he, "where's your
The fat man cast his eyes round, and
then up a. the open skylight
.. "It's for me to ask you that" ho
shrieked, "you thieves! Spies and thieves!
I have caught you. have I? You are In
my power. I'll serve you!" He turned
and clattered down the stairs as hard, as
he could go. ,
'He's gone for the dog!" cried Miss
"I have ray revolver," said I.
"Better close the front door," cried
Holmes, and we all rushed down the
stairs together. We had hardly reached
the hall when we heard the baying of a
hound, and then a scream of agony, with
a horrible worrying sound which it was
dreadful, to listen to. An elderly man
with a red face and shaking limbs came
staggering out at a-s!de door.
"My God!" he cried. "Some one has
loosed the dog. It's not been fed for
two days. Quick, quick, or it'll be too
Holmes and I rushed out and round the
angle of the house, with "Toller hurrying
behind us. There was the huge famished
brute. Its black muzzle burled In Rucas
tle's throat while he writhed and scream
ed upon the ground. Ruiinlng up. I blew
its brains out, and It fell with Its keen
white teeth still meeting In the great
creases of his neck. With much labor
we separated them, and carried him. liv
ing but horribly mangled. Into the house.
We laid him upon the drawing-room sofa,
and having dispatched the sobered' Toller
to bear the new to .his wife, I -did what I
could to relieve his pain. We were air as
sembled round him when the door oponed
and a tall, gaunt woman entered the
"Mrs. Toller," cried Miss Hunter.
"Yes, miss; Mr. Rucastle let me out
when he came back before he went Up to
you. Ah, miss. It Is a pity you didn't let
me know what you were planning, for I
would have told you that your pains were
h-"Ha!" said Holmes, looking keenly at
her. "It Is clear that Mrs. Toller knows
more about this matter than anyone
"Yes, sir, I do: and I am ready enough
to tell what I know."
"Then pray sit down and let us hear It.
for there are several points- on which I
must confess that I am still In the dark."
"I will soon make it clear to you,".-saId
she; "and I'd have done so before now If
I cauld ha got out from the cellar. If
there's police court business over this,
you'll remember that I was the one that
stood your friend, and that I was Miss
Alice's friend, ton.
"She was never happy at home, Miss
Alice wasn't from the time that her
father married again. She was slighted
like, and had no sav In anything; but It
never "really became bad for her until
after she met Mr. Fowler at a friend's
house. . As well as I could learn. Miss
Alice had rights of her own by will, but
she .was so quiet and patient she was.
that she never said a word about them,
but just left everything In Mr. Rucastle's
hands. He knew he. was safe with her;
but when there was a chance of a- hus
band coming" forward, who would aak for
all that the law would give him. then her
father thought It time to put a stop on" It
He wanted her to sign a paper, so that
whether she married or not. he could use
her money. When she wouldn't do It he
kept on worrying her until she got brain
fever, and for six weeks was at death's
door. Then she got better at last, all
worn to a shadow." and with her beautiful
hair cut off; but that didn't make no
change In her young man, and he stuck
to her as true as man could be."
"Ah." said Holmes; "I think that what
you have been good enough to tell us
makes the matter fairly clear, and that
I can deduce all that remains. Mr. Ru
castle then. I presume, took to this sys
tem of Imprisonment?"
"And brought Miss Hunter down from
London In order to got rid of the dis
agreeable persistence of Mr. Fowler?"
"That was It, sir."
"But Mr. Fowler, being, a persevering
man, as a good seaman should be, block
aded the house-, and. having met you. suc
ceeded by certain arguments, metallic or
otherwise, in convincing you that your
Interests were the same as his."
"Mr. Fowlor was a very kind-spoken,
free-handed gentleman," said Mrs. Toller,
"And In this way he managed that your
good man should have no want of drink,
and that a ladder should be ready at the
moment when your master had gone
"You have It, sir, just as-it happened."
"I am sure we owe you an apology,
Mrs. Toller," said Holmes, "for you have
certainly cleared up everything- which
puzzled us. And here comes the. country
surgeon and Mrs. Rucastle, so I think.
Watson that we had best escort Miss
Hunter back to Winchester, as It seems
to me that our Incus standi now is rather
a questionable .one."
And thus was solved the mystery of the
sinister house with the copper beeches In
front of the door. Mr. Rucastle survived,
but was alwaj-3 a broken man, kept alive
solely through the care of his devoted
wife. They still live with their old. serv
ants, who probably know so much bf Ru
castle's past life that he finds It difficult
to part from them. Mr. Fowler and MIs3
Rucastle were married by special license
In Southampton the day after their flight
and he Is now the .holder of a government
appointment In the Island of Mauritius.
As to Miss Violet Hunter, my friend
Holmes, rather to my disappointment
manifested no further Interest In her
when once she had ceased to. be the cen
ter of one of hi3 problems, and she is
now the head of a private school at Wal
sall, where I bellove that she has met
with considerable success.