The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, September 03, 1905, Page 6, Image 6

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Entered at the Ppitofflee at Pcrtlana, Or.,
a seeond-claa matter.
RUsscKirnox rates.
(Br Hall or Express.)
Sllr and Sunday, per year .....-9.00
Dtlly and" Sunday, tlx months......... COO
Dally and Sunday, three months. ...... 2.33
Sally and Sunday, per month. ......... -85
Dally -without Sunday, per year. ........ 7.30
Daily -without Sunday, six monthi. ..... 3.90
Dally without Sunday, three months...
Dally without Sunday, per month...... .03
Sunday, per year 2.50
Sunday, six months... 1-25
Sunday, three months 03
Dally without Sunday, per week........ .13
Dally, per week. Sunday Included....... -20
(Issued Every Thursday.)
Weekly, per year
Weekly, sir months. 73
Weekly, three months - .60
HOW TO REMIT Send postotflce money
crder. express order or personal check on
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The 6. C. IJrckwlth Special Agency New
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cago, rooms 510-312 Tribune building.
Chicago Auditorium Annex. Postofflce
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Ban Antonio. Tex. Louis Book "and Clear
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DenTcr Julius Black. Hamilton & Kend
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Store. 12U Fifteenth street.
Colorado Sprints. Colo. Howard H. Belt
Des Moice, lsw Moses Jacobs. 200 Fifth
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Lot Angeles Harry Drapkln: B. E. Amos,
CH West Seventh street: DUlard News Co.
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jjg F. R. Oodard. and Meyers & Har-
Kacaatb StatlonJ Co.. 1S08 Farnam: 210
South Hth.
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Yellowstone Park. WCmwob Hotel.
Lake Hotel, Yellowstone ParkV"
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6aa Francisco J. K. Cooper Co" 7
Market street; Goldsmith Broa. ?8 utt'r
and Hotel St. Francis News San.?
X E. Lee. Palace Hotel Newt Stand: f Z"
Pitts. 1008 Market: Frank Scott. SO EUlJ; N'
Wheatley Movable News Stand, corner M,r
Icet and Kearney streets; Foster i Oreaf
Ferry News Stand.
Bt. Lonh. Mo. E. T. Jett Book A News
vCompany. SOS Olive street.
Washington, D. C Ebbltt House, Pennsyl
vania avenue.
No class of intellectual workers In
America is, as a whole, so eager for
self-improvement as the schoolteachers;
and It is the almost unanimous Judg
ment of their leading spokesman that
no class Is so much in need of It.
Leaving out Instructors In high schools
and colleges, who are numerically in
significant, the teachers In this country
have hot yet attained the status of a
professional body. That is, they do not
marry and rear families upon the earn
ings or their vocation, like carpenters,
bricklayers and' doctors. In the lives
of the great majority of our Instructors
of youth, teaching Is an Incident-. Tbe
calling Is followed with enthusiasm and
devotion, let it be conceded.' but it is
--followed transiently. Why this should
be so in a nation which feels, as Amer
ica certainly does, the supreme moment
of education to Its welfare, Is a matter
for curious Inquiry.
The ready answer to the puzzle Is, of
course, that the low wages of teaching
make the vocation unattractive to men;
while women, who alone can afford to
follow It permanently, are eliminated
by marriage and other causes after a
few years of service. This explanation
is pleasing, Jlke many glib and shallow
evasions of a real difficulty, but It does
not satisfy the reason. We are driven
to push the Inquiry further. Why are
the wages of teaching so low? One
might suggest In reply that It has never
been the disposition of the American
people to pay their public sen-ants of
any rank adequately. We have always
exhibited a singular parsimony In this
particular. We have Invariably pre
ferred to be plundered clandestinely
rather than to pay decent salaries
openly. Saying nothing of his private
property, the public allowance of the
King of Prussia Is $3,852,770; -the Queen
of Holland receives 5250,000; the ruler
of the Insignificant kingdom of Portu
gal, $634,440. Beside these sums the
salary of our President, who surpasses
any European monarch In dignity and
real power. Is a ridiculous pittance.
United States Senators, small as their
.allowance is, probably get more than
they deserve, generally speaking; but
our Cabinet officers and Federal Judges
are all underpaid. The pubic Is hardly
expected to pay as much as men of
their caliber could earn In business. The
honor of high station counts or some
thing. Great geniuses have been found
eager to serve for that alone; but there
Is a certain petty figure of remunera
tion which signifies that the people
hold in contempt the service for which
they bestow it. ,
With that perversity which marks the
judgments of men upon most matters
of profound Importance, they have held
In contempt the calling of the element
ary teacher through all time. In Rome
he was a slave. Shakespeare ridicules
him.. Charles "Lamb contemns him.
Dickens rails at him. In America It
has alwaj-s been the common feeling,
whatever orators and politicians may
have said, that schooltea chins required
no technical training and little ability.
In spite of many hypocritical pretenses
to reverence for their calling, we have
consistently ranked elementary teach
ers with -unskilled laborers and paid
them accordingly; while, as a matter of
fact, their business requires, great tech
nical skill and special ability. In gen
eral, a man Who can teach well can
succeed in some other calling which Is
more esteemed . and better paid; and
conditions in America have hitherto
been such that other. callings have been
open to them, so that the business of
teaching has reverted to women, and
comparatively few households subsist
upon Incomes earned In the schoolroom.
Our educational force, therefore, con
stantly shifts. A working force never
becomes permanent, and; hence profes
sional as distinguished from mere ama
teurs, until, families are established
upon Its earnings. Women would have
advanced education more by marrying
men teachers and stimulating them to
strike for higher Salaries without Ve-
sertlng their calling, than they .have
by displacing them.
"We have thus In America the Indus
trial phenomenon of a permanent force
of teachers In high schools -and colleges
and a constantly shifting: one In the
elementary echools. Such a force has,
necessarily, t neither the will nor the
ahllity to think deeply upon the true
content and purpose of the elementary
curriculum. Necessarily, also, It lacks
the professional expertness to reach
results surely and speedily. The text
hook slavery which Wolf von Schler
brand has, somewhat violently, de
plored In our lower echoolsMs the least
vll issuing- from this state of things.
"There are two worse ones.
The first is that the elementary teaching-
forc2, having- little Initiative and
purpose of its own, is made subservient
to the high schools and colleges. In
stead of exhibiting, as they should, a
well-deflned and complete educational
aim within their own sphere and look
ing to that sphere alone, the primary
and grammar schools exist merely as
preparatory to the high schools and col
leges. And this in face ofthe astound
ing fact that only one In twenty-five of
their pupils ever enters the high school
and only one In 130 ever enters college.
For a nation which boasts of being
practical, our management of this mat
ter has fceen extraordinary Indeed.
There Is another evil chargeable upon
our shifting, non-professional, element
ary teaching force, and that Is the fail
ure of the lower schools to do well and
eg?eedily -what they undertake, on the
one hand; and, on the other, the omis
sion of a large sphere of work which
they ought to undertake. The latter
consequence flows from the former.
Our elementary schools have no time
to teach agriculture, drawing and man
ual dexterity, because-they waste time
scandalously In teaching reading, writ
ing and arithmetic. The latter branches
I are, of course, essential, and must on
no account be omitted or curtailed; but
with an independent and strongly pro
fessional body of elemental teachers
all that Is now accomplished could be
done in half the time, and better done.
The schoolday would then be long
enough to admit hand as well as head
work. The public may clamor for bet
ter results from the lower schools, but
It will clamor in vain until it gets ready
to pay for them. Then they jk-HI come
as a matter of course.
Says the East Oregonlan (Pendleton):
The Oreconlan censures Mayor Lane f
Portland for appointing Democrats to the
various places within his power to fllL If
this is not Rood politics, how does It come
that Mayor Lane on coming Into the office
finds every appointive place filled by Repub
licans? On what grounds can thexe papers
gnd fault with Mayor Lane for doing Jut
Trh"? very Republican Mayer ef Portland
has l'!' done.
Ttifi; Oregonlan has. not censured
Mayory?-ane for appointing Democrats
to office. II. expected him to appoint
Democrat?- iat it has censured and
does censule ,8' e Iwlncerlty and hy
pocriey Of tfl? Pretense of "no party In
municipal affa"" "which was used for
election of MayP1" Lane. Will the Pen
dleton Journal b ? Wnd to Tead
what The Oregor?1" BaJ1 last Mon
day, specifically, of1 th,B subject, and
then ask Itself wixai. excuse It has for
total misrepresentation of the state
ment? vjz: , - -f-
Last June the Democrats e-Wg!efl tM M"J-or
ofth City of Portland. What wcaon for
surprise that they should Expect 2M ctlve
all the offices he can rive 'them? .
There Is a deal of number ln! tae
about "no party In municipal affairs."
M-orst of It Is not continuation or chans? ci
party control, but the Insincerity -of the i,lc
against party Inflaence and control by fhCIC
who wlfh to "get in." m .
Every person knew that Mayor Lane would
make everything Democratic in the city ro
ernment. as far ns he oould. The Oregonlan.
took that for granted. It made no protest,
and makes none. Parties contend, and al--wnys
will contend, for power In government
National and state, district, county and city.
And each will get nil it can. Just as the
Democratic party In Portland Is doing now,
and Just a alt parties will do hereafter.
It is a duty to truth and to honesty to set
the seal of condemnation on the hypocrisy
that makes pretenses to the contrary.
It Is probable that Russia now will
give up the scheme to build a great
navy the scheme which called steel
experts from the United States to St.
Petersburg some months ago; or at
least that she will proceed slowly with
her project of a new navy. Indeed she
needs no navy at all, unless she can
use It with more skill and effect than
she has displayed In her war with
Japan. But other nations will continue
to exert themselves to the utmost; In
particular. Great Britain, France, Ger
many and Japan. Study of materials,
study of construction, study of all
methods by which speed and efficiency
may be maintained and Improved, will
go on as never before. Nor will the
United States be content to lag behind
the rest in these branches of knowl
edge or In applying them though we
shall not now, if ever, endeavor to cre
ate so great a naval armament as some
of the others.
It Is believed that battleships may
be constructed which, without being at
all Inferior In armor or ordnance, may,
by lightness of construction, equal the
present cruisers In speed and radius of
action. By the use of the latest im
provements in nickel steel, with" its
great tensile strength, It is conceivable
that the weight of the structural ma
terials might be so reduced as to al
low, without adding to displacement,
a great Increase of motive power.
Speed is of the first importance. If
any nation should acquire a consider
able number of such battleships, in ad
dition to the ordinary equipment now
commonly possessed by all the leading
nations In the form of cruisers, torpedo-boats,
destroyers, etc.. It would go
near to being the real mistress of the
seas, for a time at least, and would
certainly force every other power to
follow its example. In a contest be
tween battleships without speed and
battleships with a cruiser's nimblene'ss,
the former would be practically help
less. The Japanese had herein an ad
vantage over the Russians which they
used to the utmost. Since peace is now
to be concluded, naval experts of all
nations will take advantage of every
opportunity to collect Information as
to the conditions of the great battle In
the Sea of Japan. '
Effort to Improve naval armament
will from this time proceed with re
doubled energy, everywhere. The Im
portance of power atssea has been
brought with renewed force to the at
tention of ah nations. Hence every na-
Ltion that maintains a navy and no na
tion can amount to much In these times
thatoes not devoteltself to the devel
opment of power at sea must be alert
to the advances that .all the. time are
being made In nava architecture, In
Mftriae 9tlv power, aod In'funnery;
must be ready to take earliest advan
tage of every Improvement and must
be continually repairing the losses in
evitable. In the operation of vessels.
must. In fact; be llberal-and even lavish
in naval appropriations. Time and
again the navies of the world have
been reduced to worthless Junk by the
evolution of naval architecture. Since
It would be preposterous to -suppose
that the limit of efficiency has yet been
reached. It is practically certain that
very many of the war vessels of the
present day will follow their predeces
sors to the Junk shop or scrap heap.
For no nation that aspires to v great
place in the "world can. afford to ignore
the necessity of maintaining power at
Mr. Sydney Rosenfeld, a playwright,
cornea to Portland to present for the
first time on any stage a brand-new
drama, and Incidentally to tell us that
the commanding need of the times Is a
National theater, or an endowed the
ater. Mr. Rosenfeld has long been
struck by the "fact . that the public
doesn't know what It wants, and there
fore won't pay for what it ought to
want; so he and other Ingenious drama
tists have devised the happy scheme of
effecting a perpetual divorce between
the box-office and the greenroom. In
this way commercialism, the bane of
the theater, willbe foreVer checked and
forgotten, and no questions need ever
be asked by anybody as to whether
any given production will pay. All that
any Plavwriter has to have ia a. sum.
dent pull with the, management of the
endowed theater and the philanthro
pists who are putting up the money
will do the resL
No one can really have any serious
objection to the scheme of an endowed
playhouse If any benevolent old gentle
man with lofty notions of art or any
prodigal young millionaire with unsat
isfied desires about actresses wishes to
endow lt. There have been many the
atrical ventures already launched on
this basis, and doubtless there will be
many more. What Mr. Rosenfeld
wants, It may be assumed. Is a perma
nent fund to be used solely for the
benefit of the theater and the manage
ment thereof, and not for the theater
ana the actors or actresses thereof.
Here Is a distinction that Is both vital
and significant, and that is perfectly
understood by the "angels" who have
heretofore put up liberally for the en
dowment of some shapely shqwglrl who
wants a play, a company and a private
car of her own. This is the sort of
thing Dramatist Rosenfeld evidently
desires to get away from; but can he?
And if he can, why should he? If the
public doesn't want Shakespeare, it is
not easy to see why It should be made
to have Shakespeare. If It doesn't want
Ibsen, or Sudermann, or Bernard Shaw,
or even Ro5enfeld. why should it be
made to accept them? It Is of little
Uge to say that the public taste must
be educated and the general theatrical
atmosphere purified, for neither "can be
done by any cramming process. If
what the public desires is a free show.
It can go to church or rather some
churches. If it wants excitement. It
can go to a baseball game. If It wants
Instruction, It can bear a lecture as
often as it likes. If it wants amuse
ment, it can go to the theater. And
that amusement has become now al
most the sole mission of the theater is
attested by the fact that there are more
theaters than there ever1 were, and that
they are given up almost exclusively
to vaudeville, burlesque. musical
comedy and the lighter forma of drama,
what is more, the public pays for IL
If you like that sort of thing, that's
the .sort of thing you like and pay for.
The-only way to make an endowed
thfater of any sort of account would !
be -f have one In every city and town
In the United States, to say nothing
ofthe yearning need of such an Insti
tution at every crossroads. -This Is the
first essential to success In 'educating
the mass of the public to the -filgner
fornsi of dramatic art. The second .es
sential is to, mke t,lj admission free.
That will be th? Shly way to get the
public lns.lde the doors. "Where Is the
Caniegie or Rockefeller who win con
vert his tainted money "Into a fund for j
the creation of an untainted theater?
We say nothing about untainted actors
and actresses for th untainted theater.
There are some burr.ipg problems that
we are discreet enough to leave to the
On the borders of Hampton Roads,
the Jamestown Exposition Company
has already begun the real work of pre-J
paring for the exposition to be held In
1907 to celebrate In a fitting manner
the 200th anniversary of the Qrst per
manent settlement effected by English
speaking people In America. The man
agers have planned an exposition for
the large part original and different
from any other. It promises to be the
world's greatest naval spectacle.
Through the President and Congress
the United States Government has as
sisted this design. By an act passed
March 3, this year. President Roosevelt,
after reciting his authority, proclaimed:
Now, therefore," I, Theodore Roosevelt.
President of the United States, by virtue of
the authority vested In me by said act. do
hereby declare and proclaim that there shall
be Inaugurated In the year 1&0T. at and near
the waters of Hampton Roads, In the State
of Virginia, an International naral. marine
and military celebration, beginning May 13
and ending not later than Norember 1, 1007.
for the purpose of commemorating In a fit
ting and appropriate manner the birth of the
American nation; the first pern anent settle
ment of English-speaking people on the
American continent made at Jamestown, Vs.,
on the 13th day of May, 1007. and In order
.that the great events of the American his
tory which have resulted therefrom may be
accentuated to the present and future gener
ations of American -citizens.
And. in the name ot the Government and
people of the United States, I do therefore
Invite all the nations of the earth to take
part in the commemoration of the event
which hat had a far-reaching effect- on the
course of human history, by sending their
naval vessels to the said celebration and by
making such representations of their mili
tary organizations as may be proper.
This Invitation, It is believed, will be
accepted "by practically all the nations
having .navies, and in that case there
will assemble the largest aggregation
of war vessels ever gathered at one
time and one place In the hisiory of
the world. This Is fitting, since the first
f battle of ironclads, from which modern
naval architecture datesv took place in
that harbor when the duel between
the Monitor and the Merrlmac aston
ished civilization.
Instead ot an industrial exposition,
the Jamestown Tercentennial wilkBet
forth the historical development of the
country. To this end the co-operation
of many of .the' chief historical societies
and associations of the United States
has been secured. ' Every state of the
Union which has been asked to partici
pate in thexlebrUoa -fa been' invited
to exploit Its historical treasures and
elaborateiAithe .Incidents In Its story
which have helped In the making of the
Nation. New York State has appropri
atedvI50,000 for her part. in the exposi
tion. Other commonwealths which have
already accepted and will be represent
ed are: Maine, Massachusetts. Con
necticut, Rnode Island, New Jersey,
Pennsylvania, Maryland, North Caro
lina, Georgia, Florida, Illinois, Missouri,
Michigan and Wisconsin.
An innovation In fencing will be one
of the most decorative features of the
fair. Wires have been strung and in
terlaid between cedar posts around the
entire grounds, and these will be over
grown with honeysuckles, trumpet
vines and rambler roses. The general
effect of the completed exposition will
be an Idealized Southern settlement, the
buildings following the Colonial order,
which Teached Its zenith In Virginia,
and the trees and flowers carrying out
the effect of old-time Southern gardens.
About all we can see In Mr. Wood's
letter, printed elsewhere, is that the
wagon-road company Insists, and will
continue to Insist, that the Government
shall put up the money for the Malheur
project, and the company may put up
as much, or as little, land as It pleases.
The chief difficulty Is that the Government-wants
the same control over the
25,000 land-grant acres that It will have
over the land of the private owners.
The land-grant people say that the
Government must take Just what they
choose to give It. It Is Idle for them to
add that they will give all they can.
No doubt. But the wagon-road propo-.
sltlon, all the same. Is that the Govern
ment must go ahead with large expend
iture on the simple assurance of the
wagon-road owners that they will give
the Reclamation Service a square deal.
Perhaps It Is not good business for the
land-grant people to turn over their
property unconditionally to the Recla
mation Service, although It Is the sole
purpose of the Government to make
this and other land valuable; certainly
It Is not prudent forthe Reclamation
Service to place the fate of their entire
scheme In the hands of the wagon-road
Mr. Wood declares with some vigor
that the wagon-road people are not
causing the delay. Little else has been
done except parley with them. What's
the use of doing anything else? When
the difference with the land-grant own
ers Is adjusted, other things may be
done. Until there Is an agreement,
nothing can be done, or ever will be
If the wagon-road people and the Re
clamation Service can agree beforehand
Jus: what land shall be included, the
rest will be easv. Mr. Wood hints that
this may be done. If It can be tone,
then let It be done. The dispute would
In that case transpire to have been over
things more Imaginary than real.
Announcement comes from Chkraso
of the organization of a company to
operate an electric line between that
city and New York, artd also between
Chicago and Cincinnati. An enterprise
of this nature a dozen years ago would
have been deemed too visionary to be
seriously considered, but so rapid has
been the rise of the electric car that the
feat at this tlmepresents no feajurcs
at all difficult. With large towns and
cities strung along "the route between
Chicago. and New--Tork In such great
numbers, and with suburban trolley
lines stretching far out Into the coun
try from each of them, the matter of
connecting the lines Into one grand
trunk system presents no Insurmount
able obstacles. Even were It IrnDosid-
ble to form a satisfactory through line
by filling up the 'gaps between these
large clUesand towhs, the demands of
a rapidly-increasing population for fast
an4 economical service would undoubt
edly warrant the construction of a new
line through the entire distance.
The trolley, wherever It ban Invaded
the field of the steam roads, has almost
Invariably captured the lion's share of
the business. The possibilities for de
veloping and Increasing a trade by this
popular means of transportation arc
strikingly shown In the experience of
the Interurban electric line between
Seattle and Tacoma. By reducing the
fare more than one-half and cutting
the time down In nearly the same pro
portion, the electric line has brought
the two chief cities of Washington so
close together that the residents of the
two. cities make most liberal use of the
convenience even for the transaction of
small matters, which, before the coming
of the electric car, were permitted to
accumulate or were handled by mall.
The success of this line has been so
great that It will be but a compara
tively short time before It is extended
to Portland, and with a reduction in
fare and running time to correspond
with that which has built up such a big
business for the Seattle-Tacoma Inter
urban line, the big ports of Puget Sound
will be drawn much closer to Port
land than Is possible by the slow sched
ules and high railroad fares now In
force. Throughout the rich farming re
gions east of the Cascade Mountains
there Is also Increasing interest In this
modern method of rapid and economical
transit. Lines have been surveyed to
tap a number of points In the Palouse,
country, and there are numerous proj-
ects under consideration for Idaho and
the Big Bend. From the standpoint of
economy, the electric car In the West
Is certain to be more attractive for cap
ital seeking Investment than It Is In
the East.
The Pacific Northwest contains an
abundance of water .power to drive
electric cars In all localities In Oregon,
Washington and Idaho, and there Is no
power on earth tha$.can be secured at
any less cost than that which Is now
running to waste in scores of streams
in the Pacific Northwest. This portion
of the country is still new, and electric
railroading has not reached the stage
of development that has been attained
in the East, where routes are longer
and the population much greater. There
the sleeping-car has made Its appear
ance on the electric lines, and the par
lor and observation cars are equal If
not superior to those which are hauled
by steam locomotives. With the In
creasing mileage of these roads. In the
West, where there Is an abundant
water power, the question of cheap fuel
will be far less disturbing to the mind
of the transportation men than It Is at
this time.
Yellowstone National Park, It seems.
Is Just becoming known to American
people who 'have been accustomed to
go abroad for scenery. During the
month of July ot this year, more per
sons visited the park than during any
whole season for the last ten years,
and August has thus far kept up the
record. Tk Yellowstone National Park
Transportation OomDanv has keDt 1000
horses employed in driving Summer
tourists through the park and every
available vehicle suitable for the pur-
pose has. been purchased for their ac
commodation. This statement has more
than a local significance. It goes to
snow that this great "Wonderland" Is
coming to the knowledge of the Amer
ican people, who of all others Indulge
more extensively and exDenslxrelv in
the vacation habit and who spend more
money than any other people in Jaunt
ing about in the Summer time. Snow
usually falls In the Yellowstone In Sep
tember. It Is the purpose, nevertheless.
to keep the park, open until September
20, after which It will be relegated to
the keepers arid wild animals until next
Low water' has caused the suspension
of navljratlon on the Snake Rlvir h-
tween Riparia and Lewlston, and. as a
result tne fruitgrowers along the
stream will lose large quantities of
iruiu me season has ieen exception
ally dry; in fact, never before since the
fruit business along the river assumed
proportions of Importance Jias naviga
tion been entirely suspended. There Is
unquestionably a sufficient amount of
tticr in me stream, u it could oe con
fined in a narrow channel, to float light
draft boats. This would seem to afford
a good opportunity' for an accurate
survey of the river, with a view to its
improvement as soon as funds were
available. Fortunately for the .fruit
growers, the construction of the rail
road along the river will prevent a
repetition of the present disastrous sit
uation. "
The Central Railway of Orearon has
Just recorded a 32,000,000 mortgage In
Union County In favor-of the American
Loan & Trust Company, of Boston, to
cover an Issue of bonds to be utilized
In the construction of the railroad In
the Grand Ronde Valley. The company
flllng this mortgage Is not very well
known in this city, but as it was re
sponsible for the sudden activity of the
O. R. & N. in that particular field, and
may yet be the means of opening up
the rich Wallowa country. It will ever
be held In grateful remembrance by
the people of Oregon. If some opposi
tion company were to begin active op
erations on a road to Central Oregon,
the activity of the O. R. & N. Co. In
that direction would' be fully as pro
nounced as It Is in the Wallowa coun
try. One of the numerous blind beggars
who make night hideous on our main
thoroughfares will go Into court for the
purpose of satisfying himself that the
city has the right to mitigate nuisances.
The city. Is overrun with all kinds of
beggars, some of them rich and some
poor. They are suffering from all kinds
of diseases and afflictions, and in beg
ging on the street acknowledge them
selves to be public charges. If they
must be supported by the public. It Is
proper that they should be confined In
the Institutions provided for those who
are unable to support themselves. More
sympathy would be felt for these beg
gars as a class were It not known
that some of their number have become
quite wealthy by working on the sym
pathy of the public.
It would appear that the Johnson es
tate had not ben administered for the
benefit of the Johnson estate, but for
the benefit of the Ladd estate. That,
however. Is nothing- new. It Is. was,
and has been, by process of absorption
of the property of others, that the great
Ladd estate, startjm; from sale of
liquors, as advertisements In the old
files of The-'Oregonlan attest has been
built urttp Its present p'rpoUons. The
wy the Johnson property has been
cealt with Js no: different, expepjt In
detail, from other instances. Innumer
able. There may be occasion for in
dignation; none for surprise.
The hop crop jot the world is grown
In much fewer localities than the wheat
crop, but it seems to be nearly as diffi
cult to work up a corner on hops as It
Isyon wheat. A Grant's Pass grower
has Just closed out a large lot at 18
cents pefr pound, after refusing 30 cents
last Fall, when they were ready for
market. There Is a limit In the price
at which any commodity will move In
normal quantities, and when that limit
Is passed the consumption Is restricted
and substitutes are used. Apparently
30 cents per pound was about the dead
line, between a normal demand and Us
curtailment by high prlcc.v
The annual forest fires are wiping out
of existence some big tracts of fine tim
ber In the Willamette Valley, and. as
usual, the trouble was all started by
the burning of a slashing by some
farmer. As a method of protection the
fire warden system seems to be a good
deal of a failure, and If this annual
loss of timber is to continue, it might
be a good plan to make the fire war
dens personally superintend the burn
ing of these terribly expensive "slash
ings." ' There Is an element of Justice in the
order from the Pullman Company In
structing agents not to reserve berths.
In Portland recently one party of tourr
ists by sending different members to
the booking office Becured reservations
for five successive days. If provision
Is made for exchanging or redeeming
sold tickets within twenty-fofcr hours
of the leaving time, injury will be
worked on no one. The company has
a right to protect Itself against impo
sition. We ought to have good streets in
Portland now, since the Asphalt Com
pany has got Its superintendent In as
City Engineer. "Our holy plutocracy al
ways strives to use its own agents In
promoting .the cause of reform.
Marshall Field, aged 70, and. the
widow Caton, aged 45. are to be mar
ried and are to travel through Europe
"on a honeymoon." There la one moon
that never wanes.
Now that the Russo-Japanese War Is
off his hands, Roosevelt can get busy
with the Panama Canal. There's a lot
of office work to do before work on the
grade begins.
Sam. Busb.vs account of the visit he
had- with President Roosevelt reads like
a chapter that might have been written
by Owen Wistar.
A Life for a Life.
Edgar Wallace,, of London, set a trap
In Ibis room for a mouse. .. After he had
gone to sleep tho trap snapped and ha
awoke to find the room rapidly filling
with gas from a burner that he bad left
half turned on. . He -turned, off. the gas
and then -opened the trap' and released
the ntouser-a 'life for a life.
The House Whcro George Washing
ton Slept.
The house where George Washington
slept ia to be torn down.
But It'dcesn't matter. There are others.
This particular -house where George
Washington slept Is the house whore the
commander-in-chief of the American
armies spent the night before Lord Howe
took possession of New York. It appears
that encroaching commerce needs the site,
for a cheese factory or something.
No matter what they do with this house,
the house where George Washington slept
will remain to the end of time. If you
ever go East looking for historic relics,
you can't escape the house where George
Washington slept.
George Washington was a great man;
but history does not allot to him hl3- full
measure of greatness. He wa9 a much
greater man than moat of us suspect.
He- was the only man In history, so far
as I know, who defeated a great nation J
while he was asleep.
Th.. 0nrr,r,M.r,. r fi- Wot
. , k f " ( Three great Kings are involved in
Is a thing not generally known. Naoo- . thc acUo of ;hfi Nebuchadnex
leon Bonaparte s.ept only five hours a Belshazzar and Darius. They em
day, and yet he defeated Europe. We ploy their undoubted prerogative over
are wont to account that a considerable . language. Th.e first,- who according to
feat. But George Washington whipped ; the story iultimately rurned out to
Great Britain to a standstill. In his sleep, i grass, when excited exclaims: "I know
He was the greatest sleeper the world ! fr a certainty thou art mounte
has known. He slept twenty-four hours tank Thou art deceivers who would
. . , ' ' . . , , ! gain time." Later tne villain ad
a day; he never woke up; yet in his sleep dregse3 h,m thus. ..T d,dgt teU tfi Qh
he fought and won great battles and be- King.", And Darius asks: "Hath tho
came the Father of His Country. children cf Israel no understanding?"
The first town I visited In the East, The author has devised his scenery
looking for places of historic Interest, regardless j)f expense. Act I. Scene 1.
was In New Jersey Morrlstown, I think j "The walls""of the clty-crumble beneath
-and tho first man I struck at the depot I siege of the Chaldeans." Act
was eager to pilot mc to the house where ; Scfne 2- ""olatrous image, of gold-
. . , . , . T ., , . , , en calf revealed upper center of stage
George Washington slepL I did not ask W draw!nR- araper,es Gf the King's
to see this house, but he Insisted that gorgeous tent. Festival ot devotees.
I see 1L I was very glad to see the house Dancing girls bearing palms and floral
where George Washington slept, and I j offerings." Then: "Electrical effect
made a note of It In my notebook. j Fiery furnace: captives walking there-
The next day -I went down to Freehold.
where the battle of Monmouth was
fought, and they showed me tho house
where George Washington slept. From
there I ran over to Trenton, where
George Washington crosoeS the Delaware,
and they showed me the house where
George Washington slept. I began to
think that George Washington used the
whole state of New Jersey for a bed
room; that he entered the state when
bedtime came, hung his clothos on Sandy
Hook and went to bed. New Jersey
seemed to be a sort of state bed-chamber.
But a few days later I went up to New
London. Conn., and they showed me the
house where George Washington slept.
They had not made up the bed since he
slept In It. The very dent In the pillow
was there. In New Haven I saw the
house where George Washington slept
and I retreated to Hartford, looking for
the Charter Oak, but I saw the house
where George Washington slept.
Then I visited Massachusetts.. In search
of the Cambridge elm. but they took me
to see the house where George Washing
ton slept. Elm trees were too ordinary.
I ducked across the Charles and Invaded
Boston, looking for the historic Common,
but on the way I paused to read a bronze
tablet set in thc side of a house and
learned that It was the house where
George Washington slept. -.- -
DesDalrinjr of stein sr anvthlncr' new In
Massachusetts that was bid. I Jumped up
Into Vermont, stopping at the town of
Bennington, where General Stark re
marked that, if he didn't whip tho Brlti
Ish by 6:15 P. M., Mary Stark could col
lect his life Insurance. I wanted to see
the battlefield, but" they showed me the
house where George Washington slept.
Then I made tracks for Portsmouth, N.
H.. to see If the port could keep Its mouth
shut about the , house where George
Washington slept, but the first thing
they did to me was to take me to the
house, and I took the next train for Prov
Jdence. R. I. The house where George
Woohlngton slept was next door to my
hotel. I went to Newport, and saw the.
house again. Two or three other. towns
In "Rhode Island showed me. Rhode Isl
and Is not a very large state, and It
didn't take George very long to sleep all
over that state; so. after seeing the house
where George Washington slept. In half
a dozen towns, I returned to Massachu
setts and tried Springfield, hoping to see
the Arsenal celebrated In pong by Long
fellow. They told me that If I didn't get
out of town on the next train they would
show me the house where George Wash
ington slept.
Buying a through ticket for New York
with no stop-over privileges I arrived in
the metropolis with fond anticipations of
historic spots. The first man I met was
an old friend from Missouri, who invited
me to go up into Harlem with him and
e some historic places. I went and
he showed me the house where George
Washington slept.
Then I went to- the Presbyterian Hos
pital. During my convalescence a letter came
from another old friend, who was spend
ing the Winter at Valley Forge. Pa. He
insisted that I should come out and re
cuperate at his -home. I was-ahflut to ac
cept, but Just In the nick of time It oc
curred to me that Washington spent a
Winter at Valley Forge, and I knew
that If I should go out there and see the
house where George Washington slept I
would suffer a relapse.
From my early boyhood I always' did
admire George Washington, but since I
saw the house where he slept I have
worshiped him. A man who could win
such victories a he did. In his sleep. Im
pels mo to doff my hat every time I
think of him.
George Washington was first In war,
first In sleep and first In the hearts of
his countrymen. He slept all over the
Atlantic seaboard, from Virginia to Ver
mont. He never did anything but sleep,
so far as we are able to learn from his
fond admirers who now Inhabit New
England, New York and New Jersey. No
matter how assiduously you search, you
never find a house where George Wash
ington woke up, whero he smoked a cig
arette, talked through a telephone, ate
ham and eggsT or did. anything but sleep.
No doubt he walked In his sleep, for
history tells us of his wonderful marches.
If he was able to accomplish so much
as a somnambulist. Just think what he'
might have -done if he had been glftel
with chronic insomnia! He might have
invaded Corsica, captured the Infant Na
poleon and forestalled the French frenzy
of conquest. He- might have annexed
Russia and prevented the Russo-Japanese
war. He might have robbed Portsmouth
of its later glory and caused It to remain
until the last syllable of recorded time
chiefly distinguished as the location of
the house where George Washington
slept, ' ' 'ROBERTUS LOVE.
Jake, It's Up to You.
Yacolt Corr. Vancouver Chronicle.
-Jake Jager has returned from Van
couver with a smile that won't come
.' Tell-us all about It, Jakef
. New" York Evening- Sun.
A decided contribution to the llterar
ture of the Pacific Coast has been,
made b George L. Hutchlns, of Port
land. Qr.. In his historical and ro
mantle drama- "Judarael," which hs
cautiously publishes himself, reserv
ing alL rights. The drama Is built on
the Elizabethan model, with frequent
shifts of scenes. The. author .does not
offer verse, or a mixture of verse with
Prose, but uses,, a lofty poetic ' prose.
witn original uses of the English lan
guage. It would not be fair to de-
serine the plot, which Is based as the
name implies, on Biblical Incidents.
As the nuthor tells us in a preface:
J "The beautiful story of Judarael Is a
iterjraie Idyl, a classic of sacrosanct
worshipers, and is familiar as a house
held word to those of Palestinian na
tivity. The story is told In dramatic
figure to give it the strongest accen
tuation known to literature." He add3
an Inerestlng chronological fact nec
essary to the understanding . of the
piny. -The Babylonian captivity covers
a period of 70 years. As the year of
the ancients was only" a third as long
as the year of latter days, Judarael
! at the end of his captivity was In the
I flower of vigorous manhood."
' 'n unharmed; guards burned to death
as tney approacn rurnace. to cast
therein thc prisoners; bodies of
guards exposed about the furnace."
Act III. Scene 1. "Hanging gardens of
Babylon Umbrageous trees Bosky
sylvan garnishments,." Scone 2.
"Bclshazzar's Impious foast; 1000 gov
ernors, nobles, princes, .wives, concu
bines, dancing girls, et al. Draperies
reveal the scene as thoy are drawn."
The author leaves little to the stage
manager's . imagination. The Reader
may form some Idea of the play from
the scenario, but dramatic managers
are warned that no performance of it
can be given without the author's
permission In writing.
All Is not tragedy and high Ideal,
however. The author has read his Eli
zabethans and noted their counterfoil
In comic Interludes and the slang ot
tho day. His sprlghtllness Is shown In
the discussion of the Jonah story be
tween two Jovial Hebrew soldiers:
IsJachar Do you believe that the -whalo
swallowed Jonah?
Haram Gur' Oh. yes. Jonah, wa very down
In the mouth and the whala had to swallow
htm or r choked to death.
Islachar Jonah was the father of alt fish
Haram Gur Then thqu bellevest not the
tale of the fish-and Jonah?
Islachar I would have to be as bipr as ten
whales before I could swallow all that story,
tall and all.
And also in the banter between the
hero and .the heroine: .
Judarael Ozara, will you bid, me hopa?
Ozara t .must not Jpntrer trust my reso
IutIon."We wj!l not cross the Jordan till we
reach'lt. I must away.
Judarael Stay.
Oxarn There are. o.ther days. Adieu.
W;here- so much Is in higher,. vein,
however. It would be- unfair to give
no Indication of ..w-hat Mr. .Hutqains
can do when, he-tries. Here 13 a lyric
Judarael I am joyed -that you are happy.
The airs of this enchanted garden are heavy
with the soft perfumes of Araby tonight,
and ,the languorous lilies and sister roses
haye each a magic bell with fairy hands for
clappers. I would that, I were free as the
flowers to love, free as tho airs of heaven,
free as falling waters and the soughing
winds, and If I -were free. Judah. how thy
Oriflamme would rise to heights beyond the
Salmon canning is not the one Ideal
on the banks of the Willamette.
A Pica for Sobriety.
Baltimore American.
The work of today demands men of
clear brains for Its performance. It mat
ters not whether that work be In the
office, the counting-room, thc legislative
hall, the store, the shop, the field, or- tho
mine. The worker who each morning
brings to his task a strong mind and a
steady nerve will always find his serv
ices In demand, while the one who allows
himself to become the victim .of an un
bridled appetite will soon discover that
his place has been filled by one who can
do the work better than he. Such an
address as that made by President Roose
velt Is always timely. While It Is un
doubtedly true that excesses In the use
of liquor are not as common today as
they were a quarter or a half century
ago. there Is still vast room for improve
ment, and every effort In that direction
deserves the encouragement of all who
seek thjs elevation and betterment of their
Paul Jones u Scottish Rite Mason.
Paris Cable to tho New York World;
French scholars, digging among tho
archives to discover more about the life
and personality of John Paul Jones,, have
found that the admiral was an enthusias
tic Free Mason, belonging to a lodge of
the' Scottish Rite called the Lodge of the
Nine Sisters. The occasion of his Initia
tion was made a great fete; several ora
tions were pronounced, a poem was read,
the main point of which was that Jones
when at soa was like a coquette, "seeming
to be taken In order to capture the foe."
The place where the lodge met was de
molished In the construction of the new
boulevard. The Count of Provence, after
ward King of France, was a member of
the same lodge.
Pleasures of Camp Life.
Roseburg Plalndealer.
About this time the campers return,
and tell what a great time they had,
but they never mention how the mos
qultos bit them: how the ants crawled
over the table and provisions; how the
women were scared of the snakes; how
the noises kept them awake at night;
how disagreeable It was when they
had to crawl out In the morning; how
bugs made nests In the blankets; how
they had to squabble over how the
work should be divided; how the smoke
from the camp fire got In every one's
eyes; how Inconvenient it -was to wash;
how they wished every day that they
were back home; how they became dis
gusted with canned goods, .and other
Incidents too numerous to enumerate.
. -
Jnst Like Sunshine.
St. Xx)uls ReDubllc. f . .
A lauzh Is June like sunshine,
It frehens alt the day: .
It tipa the peaks of life -with light..,-
And drives the clouds away;
The soul grows glad that Hears "it.
And feels Its eouraxe strong ',
A laugh Is Just like sunshine '
Tor cheering- folks along.
A laugh Is Just like music.
It lingers In the heart.
And where iUr melody Is heard
TJie ills of life desarU .
And happy thoughts come crowding 1
Ita Joyful notes to greet ,
A laugh la Just like - rjtetc r
For making living awectl