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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
THE SUNDAY OREGOXIAN, PORTIA2TD, JULY- 16, 1905.
MANY INDIAN BASKETS AND CURIOS .
sya" FEW days .since, as I was strolling
J along the St. Helens road, at the
" Exposition grounds, on ray way to
the Trail, I saw standing In front of a
wooden building overlooking Guild's Lake
two Alaska totem poles, and peeping In
at the open door 1 beheld a collection of
Indian curios and baskets which, as they
were taken from their casrs, were being
arranged In the different parts of the
3arge.hall. I rubbed my eyes to seo if I
was dreaming, and felt as did Aladdin.
when he rubbed his wonderful lamp, and '
the genii suddenly appeared before him
and promised him whatever he wished
for, for in the past few days I had been
hearing many complaints made by people (
Interested in the aborigines of this coun-
try, who thought that with the exception
of the totem poles and the big canoe in 1
front of the Government building, sev
eral private exhibits and an excellent col- J
lection of baskets In the Arizona building, j
there was not a complete exhibition of
Indian work to be found at the Lewis and I
Clark Fair. Regret was all the keener,
too. because late inquiries are being made
as to whether there is at our Fair a rep
resentative exhibition of Indian work, and I
already agents of art museums through
out the country are expressing them
selves as sadly disappointed to And that
there Is no such display.
Here, then, had appeared as if by magic
the very exhibit whose absence the lovers
(and students of the esthetic and of
primitive man had been so greatly de
ploring. On further inquiry. I learned
that the collection belongs to Captain
Dorr F. Tozler. who has Just been placed
in charge of the life-saving stations of
Puget Sound and the Columbia River,
having formerly been In command of the
revenue cutter Grant, which crulped on
Puget Sound and In Alaska waters. This
service naturally gave him the best of op
portunities for obtaining the work of the
Indians, which he was not slow In em
bracing, and now, after seven years' time
and spending a fortune In the effort, he
has gathered together the finest collec
tion in the world of Indian articles per
taining to this section of the globe-.
Curios by the Thousand.
The collection consists of 2600 baskets
fend more than C000 curios, and embraces
the work of the Indians Inhabiting the
country Jylng between the Columbia
River and as far north as Cape Barrow,
The baskets which line the sides of the
building make a splendid showing, and
range all the way from baskets more
than 100 years old to those recently
woven or in the process of weaving, and
together with the curios gives the ob
server a practical illustration of the life
and manner of thought of the natives.
As each article has a story connected
with it. volumes could be written upon
'them as a whole. And, Indeed, many
frtorles, with pictures illustrating them,
have already been published about the
Tozler collection In various papers
'throughout the country. The baskets'
are arranged according to their makers.
Those of the Puget Sound Indians, which
include the Chehalls. Nefqually, Puyallup
and other tribes, are mostly woven of
roots and grasses. They consist mainly
of water-tight burden and cooking bas
tkets, large in size.
With the advance of civilization the art
of basket-weaving is gradually dying out.
but there is still an old Woman In the
'Skokoraish tribe who continues making
'baskets. The Skokomlsh baskets, though
not of so fine nor close a weave as many
others, are, owing to the strong con
trasts in the color of the materials used
in them, very showy. Many of the bas
kets of the Kllckltats, of Eastern Wash
ington, are old. They are considered
very choice, and some are valued as
high as $300 each.
Various "Weaves and Colors.
The baskets coming from the Upper
Thompson River and the Lower Thomp
son River, "British Columbia, are of a
deep, rich brown color, almost black, with
occasionally a rich, golden shade blended
with the deeper hues. The weave of
the Fraser River. B. C. squaws is coarser
than that of the other tribes, and, they
aro the only ones who make hampers
and baby baskets.
As nature Is the main source from
whence the natives obtain their designs,
one sees the same figures running
through all their work. Thus there are
patterns known as the zig-zag or light
ning chain, arrowhead and double arrow
head, open-mouth, pestle, cataract and.
in some cases, set designs reminding one
of classical art. Figures of animals also
appear, those of horses and dogs being
identical, excepting that the horses' talis
hang down while the dogs' turn up as
If ready for a fray.
Some of the choicest and 'most expen
sive work is made in Alaska. Drinking
cups, small telescopes and baskets of
FIRST ASCENT OF MT.
THE FIRST ascent of Mount Rainier ;
was made by General Hazard
Stevens and P. B. Van Trump, Au
gust 17, 1S70. The following excerpts are
from General Stevens' account of the
achievement published in the Atlantic
Monthly for November, 1S7C:
"When Vancouver in 1792 penetrated, the
Straits of Fuca and explored the unknown
waters of the MMItpmuiPiin nf tht 'Pa-
all others, at Intervals of an hundred
Like giants -stand
To sentinel enchanted land.
nnumenm nr nHtur in nnnnr nr t n r
lords of the English Admiralty Hood,
Ralnjer and Baker. Of these Rainier is
the central, situated about half-way be
tween the Columbia River and the line of
British Columbia, and Is by far the loft
iest and largest. Its altitude is 14.444 feet,
while Hood Is 11.025 feet and Baker Is
3-O.S10 feet high."
The account goes on to say that Mr.
Philemon Beecher Van Trump and Mr.
Edward T. Coleman, an Alpine tourist,
planned to attempt the ascent with Gen
eral Stevens. The three gentlemen secured
an Indian guide.. Slulskln by name, who
undertook to lead them to the foot of the
mountain. Mr. Coleman became fatigued
in the early part of the journey and was
left behind in camp, the others keeping
on. As the passage over the ridges grew
more difficult, the Indian tried to dissuade
the two white men from their endeavor.
The Indiaa Tradition.
Takhoma, he said, was an enchanted
mountain, inhabited by an evil spirit, who
dwelt In a fieri' lake on its summit. No
human being ceuld ascend it or even at
tempt Its ascent and survive. At first. Sa
deed, the way. was easy. The broad snow
fteWe, over which he had so often hunted
the mountain goat. Interposed no obstacle,
but above them the rash adventurer
would be compelled to climb up steeps of
teee, retting roeks, which would tarn
beneath his feet -and east aim headless
iate the deep abyss below. The upper
anew slopes, toct wore pa ateep. that notjof lb preceeta day tr1y aad
varying size come from Attee, Takutat
and other of the Aleutian group of Is I-
ands. The Tlinket and Chllcat work is i
Vilchl. tm4a Ti inri nnA virgin Vintv '
of the Halda and Moca Indians, Alaska,
and their baskets with hands running
around them, are also striking. In much
of their work cedar bark is employed.
Only a tew of the virgin hats and capes
are made, as a female must be absolutely
chaste to be entitled to wear one. If a
woman who has been married wears a
virgin hat, she is killed.
Of Ethnological Value.
To the ethnologist the curios In the
Tozler collection arc the most interesting
part of this exhibit, as they give almost
a history of the tribes from whence
they came. The slate stones, deep black
in color, with a very high polish, com- j
prise xinciy carvea miniature totem poies, ,
dainty little chests, pipes and plates in
laid with pearls. Ivory and shells. This ,
Is considered a rare set of stones, and is
very valuable, running up into thousand
of dollars. There is a great variety of
Indian masks, and many roughly carved
wooden Images, some hundreds of years
old, others which represent Adam and
Eve and other well-known personages.
One sees an Infinite number of ancient
tools made of horn, wood or shells, as
Iron was unknown in the early days by
the red man. and beautiful horn spoon
made from the horns of the mountain ;
goat. One Immense specimen, finely ,
carved, is very valuable.
Tnen the rattles used by the medicine
men and the other Indians on state oc
casions, especially those made of elk and
deer hocks, are quaint and interesting,
as are also a Marge collection of beads
which were received in trade from the
Hudson's Bay people from 60 to SO years
One sees a complete model of a potlatch
house. Potlatch is a Chinook word
meaning gift. Old Chief Seattle lived in
just such a house at Port Madison, on
Puget Sound, only his was 55 feet wide
and a quarter of a mile long.
Amongst other curios are long spears
for sticking whales, and harpoons fast
ened to ropes used. In halibut fishing
The ropes' are made from the sinews of
animals. There" arc aprons of cedar bark,
elaborately ornamental with wampum,
and beads, and beautiful aprons made
entrely of deep blue colored beads. Old
chest kyacks, a canoe full of wooden
men and wooden food dishes. An im
mense bowl chiseled out of one piece of
wood, and tureen, capable of holding 40 ,
gallons of broth, and having a corrre
spondingly big ladle with which to dip
out the food, attracts one's attention.
This was used at the potlatches. So, all
things considered, we may deem ourselves
fortunate in having the Tozler Indian col
lection brought to the Exposition, even '
though it does not carry out the plan t
tome of us had dreamed of. This plan
should have begun months prior to the
opening of the Exposition, and should!
even a goat, far less a man. could gt
over them. And he would have to pass
below lofty walls and precipices whence
avalanches of iciow and vast masses of
rock were continually falling; and these
would inevitably bury the Intruder be
neath their ruins. Moreover, a furious
tempest continually swept the crown of
the mountain, and the luckless adventur
er, even if he wonderfully escaped the
periln below, would be torn from the
mountain and whirled through the air by
this fearful blast. And the awful being
upon the summit, who would surely pun
ish the sacrilegious attempt to invade his
sanctuary who could hope to escape his
vengeance? Many years ago, he contin
ued, his grandfather, a great chief and
warrior, and a mighty hunter, had ascend
ed part way up the mountain, and had
encountered some of these dangers, but
he fortunately turned back in time to es
cape destruction; and no other Indian had
ever gone so far."
The account continues:
"Finding that his words did not produce
the desired effect, he (Slulskin) assured
us that, If wc persisted in attempting the
ascent, he would wait three days for our
return, and would then proceed to Olyra
pla and inform our friends of our death;
and he begged us to give him a paper (a
written note) to take to them, so that
they might believe his story."
Arriving at the base of the .mountain,
camp was pitched on a high knoll
crowned by a grove of balsam firs, near a
turbulent glacial torrent. To this stream
the explorers gave the name of Glacier
Creek. The cascade that broke its flow
they named in honor of their guide.
Slulskln'a Falls, and the glacier from
which the spring came, they called Little
Up the Mountainside.
The actual ascent of Mount Rainier Is
given in the narrator's words, as follows:
Before daylight the next morning,
Wednesday, August 17, 3 STB, we were -up
and had breakfasted, and at 6 o'clock we
started to ascend Takhoma. Besides our
Alpena taff and creepers, we carried a
Jong rope, an lce-ax, a brass plate In
scribed with our names, our flaps. & large
canteen, and some luncheon. "We were
also provided with gloves and greea gog
gles for snow blindness, but found no oc
casion to use the latter.
Having suffered much from, the beat of
the sun since leaving Bear Prairie, and
betas satisfied from our reconnolssance
that we could reach the summit and re
tarn oa the same day, we left behind our
ooets and Muskets, In three boors of
f&etwarktag we reach the highest print
- i Hf" i 1 i i i i i ii av&&f:rj
menced the ascent by the steep, rocky
ridge already described as reaching up
to the snowy dome. 'We found It to be a
very narrow, steep, irregular backbone,
composed of a crumbling basaltic con
glomerate. 'the top only, or backbone, be
ing solid rock, while the sides were com
posed of loose, broken rocks and debris.
Up this ridge, keeping upon the spine when
possible, and sometimes forced to pick
our way over the loose and broken rocks
at the ildes, around columnar masses
which we could not directly climb over,
we tolled for 503 yards, ascending at an
angle of nearly 45 degrees. Here tbe
ridge' connected, by a narrow neck or
saddle, with a vast -square rock, whose
huge and distinct outline can be clearly
perceived from a distance of 25 miles.
This, like the ridge. Is a conglomerate of
basalt and trap. In well-defined strata,
and Is rapidly disintegrating and con
tinually falling in showers and even
masses of rocks and rubbish, under the
action of frost by night and melting snow
by day. It lies imbedded in the side of
the mountain, with one side and end pro
jected and overhanging deep, terrible
gorges, and it is at the corner or Junc
tion of these two faces that the ridge
Joined it at a point about 10 feet below
its top. On the southern face the strata
were Inclined at an angle of 30 degrees
Crossing by the saddle from the ridge,
despite a strong wind which swept across
It, we gained a narrow ledge formed by
a stratum more solid than its fellows,
and creeping along It. hugging close to
tbe main rock on our right, laboriously
and cautiously continued the ascent. The
wind was blowing violently. "We were
now crawling along the face of the preci
pice almost in midair. On the right the
rock towered far above ua perpendicu
larly. On the left it fell sheer off 389 feet
Into a vast abysa. A great glacier filled
Its bed and stretched away for several
miles, all seamed or wrinkled across with
On Dangerous Groand.
'We crept up aad along a ledge, not of
solid, sure rock, but oae obstructed with
tbe loose staaos aad debris which were
continually falliag- from above, aad we
trod on the upper edge of a steep slope
of this rubbish, eesdl&g the stooos at
every step reWtog aad bounding Joto tbe
depth below. Several times daring oor
nrogreos showers of rocks fall from -the
.precipice abere across ear poth. aad relied
Into the abwM, but Tortuaavely
Poor buadred yards of this
brought us to want tbe roefc Jotaod ta
of the wot neve' or
ram-janow. fteU, that ieoetndui from tbe noosojmuaclos pne tired aad rtraiaed mad wejrosdjr described. The
of the mountain and was from time to
time, as pressed forward and downward,
breaking off In Immense masses, which
fell with a noise as of thunder Into the
great canyon on our left. The Junction of
rock and ice afforded our only line of
ascent. It was an almost perpendicular
gutter, but here our lce-ax came flnto
play, and by cutting steps in the ice and
availing ourselves of every crevice or pro
jecting point of the rock, we slowly
worked our way up yards hlsJUir.
Falling stones were continually comfng
down, both from the rock on our right
and from the Ice In front, as it melted
and relaxed Its hold upon them. Mr. Van
Trump was hit by a small one. and an
other struck his stafC from his hands.
Abandoning the rock, then, at the earliest
practicable point, we ascended directly
up tbe ice. cutting steps for a short dis
tance, until we reached ice so corru
gated, or drawn up la sharp pinnacles, as
to afford a foothold. These folds or pin
nacles were about two or three feet high
and half as thick, aad stood close to
gether. It was like a vers violent chop
sea, only the waves were sharper. Up
this safe footing we climbed rapidly, the
side of the mountain becoming less and
less steep, and the lee-wuves smaller and
more regular, and. after ascending about
380 yards, stood fairly upon tbe broad
dome of mighty Taxhema, .It rose before
us like a broad, gently swelling headland
of dazzttBg wake, topped with black,
where the rocky summit projected above
the neve. Asceadiag diagonally towards
the left, we coatmued our course.
- The saow was bard and flrsi under foot,
crisp aad Ugkt for aa lach or two, but
soUdlAed late lee a foot or less beneath
tbe surface. The. whole fteld was covered
with the Ice-waves already described, and
intersected by a number ef ererasses
watch we crossed at narrow places with
out dsOcutty. About half-way up the
slope, we eocouatered oae from eight to
feet wide and of profound depth. Tbe
most beautiful vivid emorald-greea. color
seemed' to ML tbe abyss, tbe reflection of
the bright sun tight from aMe to sfde of
1m pure lee waHa. Tbe upper aMe or wall
of tbe crevasses was some lS'feet above
tbe lewor, and in places overhung it, aa
though tbe anew-Acid oa tbe lower side
bad, bedQr settled dowa a doses feot.
ThroSriog a bight of tbe rope around a
proJeeTJac pteaaele on tbe upper jldo, we
oMmbed up. bund over band, aad thus
oSeotod a'crossing-. We wore now obttnod
to travel stoniy; wKh frequent roots. In
that? rare atmsapbw.- arior taking It or
M stops, our broatn would be none, one
Captain Dorr F. Tozier's Exhibit at the Lews and
Clark Exposition Grounds.
General Hazard -Stevens and Mr. Van Trump Made
' the Climb in 1870.
experienced all the sensations of extreme
fatigue. An instant's pause, however,
was sufficient to recover strength and
breath, and we would start again. The
wind, which we had not felt while climb
ing the steepest part of the mountain,
now again blew furiously, and we began .
to suffer from the cold. Our course di
rected still diagonally towards the left,
thus shunning the severe exertion of
climbing straight up the dome, although
at an ordinary altitude the slope would'
be deemed easy brought us first to the
southwest peak. This Is a long, exceed
ingly sharp, narrow ridge, springing out
from the main dome for a mile into mid
air. The ridge afTords not over Id or 12
feet of foothold on top, and the sides
descend almost vertically.
Fighting Strong Wind.
On the right side tbe snow lay flrna
and smooth, for a few feet oa top, and"
then descended in a steep, unbroken
sheet, like an immense, flowing curtain,
into the tremendous basin which Hes on
tbe west side of the mountain between
the- southern and northern peaks, and
which Is inclosed by them, as by two
mighty arms. The snow on the top and
left crest of the ridge was broken into
high, sharp pinnacles, with, cracks and
fissures extending to the rocks a few
feet below. The left side, too steep for
the snow to He oa. was vertical, bare
rock. The wind blew so violently that
we were obliged to brace ourselves with,
ocr AlpeBstaKs and uee great caution
to guard against being swept off tbe
ridge. "We threw ourselves behind the
pinnacles or Into the cracks every W
steps; for reot aad shelter against the
bitter, piercing wind. Hastenlsg forward
in this way alear the dizzy, narrow and
precarious ridge, we reached at length
tbe highest point. Sheltered behind a
pinnacle of Ice we rested a moment, took
out our flags and fastened thorn upon the
AlpeastaJCs. and then, standiag erect
m. the furieus btst, waved them In trl--umph
with three enters. W stood a mo
ment upon that narrow smwmlu bracing!
ourselves art lust tbe tempest to view the
prospect." Tbe wbeie, country was shroud
ed In a donee sea ef smoke, above wMea
the mountain towered ate) feet. la the
clear, cloudless ether. A solitary peak
far to tbe southeast, deubtlesu Mount
Adams, and one or two others kt the x
treme northern bertaon, alone protruded
above the paU. On every side eC tbe.
mountain were deep gorges falHag- en?
pcecspKcusiy thousands ef feet, and
from those the tnondcrour eeund of ava
lonebee would rice oesaetenattr. Vacbe-
vr worr the wido-exUndod rUcMtu ai-
have been representative of the art and
handicraft of the races who first Inhab
ited the Pacific Coast from archeiogicai
times down to the present. It should
have been housed in a, sne building of its
own. In this way a unique exhibition of
M-ervthlar nertalnlng to Indian life could
have been obtained, and oae which would
have attracted to our Fair reuc-nuniers
ana art students from every quarter of
But we Must rest contented that we are
so well represented as we are by the
exhibit I have called your attention to.
which, on the whole. It is sere to say, is
one of te most Interesting, unique and
typical displays in the whole Exposition.
KATE STEVENS BINGHAM.
Portland, June 12.
The TUlala 1b tha Play.
YThen the -wts. User's celd aaa nasty and my
feoss begin to acse.
TflfB mj oftprisg write for VJoush" ta
Watch Z save to hustle to them, thouxh I
know If" aU'a. fake
, "When I can't collect a- clnrfe cent that's
When the cook Is on the rampage and de
cline to fix a sseal
Wbn the boes Jusaps oa me forty times a
Ti then, I must admit it, thoee are the
times I feel
That I'd Hke to be the villain, in the Dlar.
I'd like to be tha Villain, and I'd like to cuss
And I'd like at every turn to.Mt a inare
And lay a lice of trouble out for every blamed
That baa erer crossed my pathway any
where. When I find misfortune bound to keep me
ground beneath her heel
"When my ma-In-law has come a month to
Tls then. I must admit It, those are the
"" times I feel
That I'd like to be the villain In the play.
perfect tempest, and bitterly cold; smoke
and mist were flying about the base of
the mountain, half hiding, half reveal
ing its gigantic outlines; and the whole
scene was sublimely awful.
Slept AH Night on Bocks. .
It was now five P. M. We had spent
11 hounj of unremitting toll, in making the
ascent, and, thoroughly fatigued, and
chilled by the cold, bitter gale, we saw
ourselves obliged to pass the night on
the summit without shelter or food, ex
cept our meager lunch. It would have,
oeen irapossiDie to descend tne mountain
before nightfall, and sure destruction to
attempt it In darkness. We concluded to
return to a mass of rocks not far below,
and there pass the night at best we could,
burrowing in the loose debris.
The middle peak: of the mountaln,how
ever, was evidently the highest, and we
determined to first visit it. Retracing our
steps along the narrow crest of Peak
Success, as we named the scene of our
triumph, we crossed an Intervening de-
pressMn m tno dome, aad ascended tbe
middle peak, about a mile distant and 2K
feet higher than Peak Success. Climbing
over a rocky" ridge which crowns the
summit, we found ourselves within a cir
cular crater 360 yards in diameter, ailed
with a solid bed of snow, and lncteeed
with a run of rocks projecting above the
snow all around. As' we were crossing
the crater on. the snow. Van Trump de
tected the odor of sulphur, and the next
laotant aumoroua Jets of steam and
araeke were observed issuing from the
crevices of the rocks which formed the
rim on the northern aide Never was a
discevury more welcome! Hastening for
ward, we both exeialmed, aa we warmed
our chilled and benumbed extremities
ever one -of Piute's fires, that here we
would pass the night, secure against
freezing to death, at least.' These Jets
wore from the size of that of a large
steam pipe ta faint, scarcely perceptible
enMesten; and Meued an along' the rim
among: tbe ieeee' roeks on the northern
side, for more than half the olreumf erence
of tbe crater. At intervals they- woaM
punt up more strongly, aad the smoke
.would neUeet la a eleed until Mewn. aside
and scattered by the wind, and, then tbeir
force would abate far a time.
. A. tteep o&Tern, exten&ng Into and
under tbe tee, fermedi by the aetlon. oC
boat, was fbond. Its, reef wa a dome
oCbrUISont. 8oon loo with, lone; leleioa
-panic at from Hi waste 'lis-floor, com
; posed ' toe rooks sad debris which
at tbe crater,-
sceaded at an angle of 29 'decrees.
Forty feet within Its' mouth we buttt
u wall ef stones. Inclosing- a apaoe nVro
by six feet around a strens) Jot of.
steam and beat. Unlike tha aagwlar.
broken rocks met with elsewhere,
within tbe crater we fennel well
rounded bounders and. stones of all
sizes worn as smooth by the tritura- '.
tlon or the crater as by the action of
water. Nowhere, however, did we ob
serve any new lava or other evidence
of recent volcanic action, exeeptbsc,
tnese Issues of steam aad smoke. In
closed within the. rude shelter thu
hastily constructed, we discussed our
future prospects while we ate our .
lunch and warmed ourselves at our
natural register. The heat at the ori
fice was too great to bear for more
than an Instant, but the steam wet us,
the smell of sulphur was nauseating
and the cold so severe that our clothe,
saturated with the steam, froze stiff
when turned away- from the aeated
Jet. The wind outside roared and
whistled, but it did not much affect us'
secure within our cavern, except whoa
an occasional gust came down per
pendicularly. However, we passed a
most miserable night, freezing oa one
side and in a hot steam-sulphur bath
on the other.
In Arctic Cold.
The .dawn at last slowly broke, cold
and gray. The tempest howled stni.
wilder. As it grewMlght. dense masses
of driven mist went swepelng- by over
head and completely hid the sun and
enveloped the mountain so as to con
ceal objects scarce a hundred feet dis
tant. We watched and waited with
great anxiety, fearing a storm might
detain us there for da3 without food,
or sftelter, br, worse yet, snow, which
would render the descent more peril
ous, or most likely Impossible. And
when at 9 A- ii-. an occasional rue sn
the driving mist gave a glimpse of.
blue sky, we made haste to descend.
First, however. I deposited the prase
plate, inscribed with our. names, in a
oleft iu a large boulder on the high
est summlt-ra nuge mouna oi roens
on the east side of our crater ef
refusre. which we 'named Crater Peak:
placed the canteen along side and
covered It with a large stone, i was
then literally freezing in the cold.
nlerclnff blast, and was glad to hurry.,.
back to the crater, breathless and be
We left our den of refuge at length.
after exercising- violently to start the
blood through our limbs, and in at
tempting to pass around the rocky-
summit discovered a second crater.
larger than the first; perhaps 380 yards
in diameter. It is circular, flllf.d with.
a bed of snow, with a rocky rim. all
around and numerous Jets ot steam
issuing from the rocks on the north
ern side. Both craters are Inclined
the first to the west, and the latter ta
the east with a much steeper inclina
tion, about 30 degrees. The rim of
the second crater is higher, or the
snow field Inside lower, than that of
the first, and upon the east side rises
In a rocky wall 30 feet above the snow
within. From the summit we obtained
a view of the northern peale. stilt jar-
tially enveloped in the driving mist.
It appeared about a mile distant, sev
eral -hundred feet lower than the cen-
. , . t 4 .
deeper, more abrupt depression, ot vu
gap, than tnat separating crater ana I
Success Peaks. Like the latter, tooi I
It Is a sharp, narrow rldse springing I
out from the main mountain,' and
swept bare of snow on its summit by j
the wind. The weather was -stm
threatening, the glimpses of the sua
and sky through the thick, flyias ;
scud were too few and fugitive to ;
warrant us In visiting this peak, which
we named Peak Takhoma. to perpetu
ate the Indian name of the mountain. f
Down the Mountain.
Our route back was tbe same as- on y.
ascent. At the steepest and most peril-1
ous point in descending the steep gutterv ;
where we had been forced to- out stepsj
in the Ice, we fastened one eai of. the:
rope as securely as possible to a project
ing Yock. and lowered ourselves down by
it as far as it reached, thereby pttseingU
the place with comparative safety; We
were forced to abandon the rope here,,
havlrnr no means of unfastening' It from
the rock above. We reached the foot of
the rocky ledge or ridge, where; the real
difficulties and dangers of the ascent
commenced, at 1:30 P. M., 4 hours after
leavlnsr the crater. We had been, VA
hours In ascending from this polat to the
summit ot Peak Success, and In- beta "
cases we tolled bard and lest no time. .
We now struck out rapidly and Joyfully
for " camp. When nearly there Van
Trump, In attempting to descend a snow'
bank without his creepers, which be bad
taken off for greater ease In walking. ,
fell, shot like lightning 4ft feet down the.
steep Incline, and struck ameng some
loose rocks at Its foot with such force
1 1 1 I.M m o 1
I fate saee aad naaasrwore-i
raadh received name- avcev
ka deep, wide noon upon hoM!
-'-- tiu - -- asK-'
and tbKhfcr. -with great!
;lwr., he jaanagMl te naabisJ
r 9oen, atartedfa piecing flaej
dressed four ot these animals
absence. Their flesh, like the badger's.
Is extremely muscular and tough, and ,.'
has a strong, disagreeable, doggy' odor.
Towards the close of our repast, wo
observed the Indian approaching with bis
head down, and walking stowlyumd wear
ily as though tired by a long- tramp. He
raised his head as he came nearer, and,,
seelnsr us for the first time, stopped, short,'
gazed long and fixedly, aad then slowly; i
drew near, eying us closely tne wftue.; .
as if to see whether we were real flesh
and blood or disembodied ghosts freeh
from the evil demon of Takhoma. Hec ,
seemed both astonished and delighted to
find us safe back, and kept repeating
that we were strong men and. bad. brave
hearts; "Skookum tilicum. skookum tvnu- 1
turn." He expected never to see us .
again, he said, and had resolved, to start
the next morning for Olympfa to repert ;
our destruction. . - '
"Iitt Them Prove It." ( -!
The Journey back tbe exploration
various routes, and the nwting aaute '
with Mr. Coleman, are vividly described,
and the article closes with 'the JoBoWan: a
description of tbe travelers" reception
upon their arrival home: : e- i
As the test rays of the sua,, one warnv '
drowsy Summer afternoon, were. fnlHaa;
aslant the shady streets of Oiympia; Mr.
IiOQgmk-e's weJl-wern family carryaO.
drawn hv two fat. irr ass-fed horses.
rattling down the main street af a-j
unusual pace fee them; two bright
attached to Alpenotaffs, one projoonsut
from each door, fluttered gayly sTorad.
while the occupants- ot the can tegs
looked eagerly forth, to catek the ,Hrot
glimpse of welcoming friends. We re
i turned after eur tramp of miles wtta
visages tanned and sun scorched, aad
with forms as lean and gaunt as grey
hounds, and were received and VmmM
to tbe f uir, Mke -veterans return team .
an arduous, and glorious eomooisn. Par
days afterward, in walking ,s)ear- Qua
smooth and lave; pavements, we tea a,
strong: impulse te step high, -a twiunji .
stta striding ever the iaaoaserebie fajHmK
leg and boughs of tbe forget, aaV for
weeks oar appetiues were, a
aeosntobment' te- ear friends, and
what mortifying to ourselves. .Moos
two months bad oiopoed becare aTr.
Trump felly recovered frona ate
We published, at tne time abort
pcr aecowMs ot rne ailisi. rs
wiK sent iwowrr 'They any taey
toy of atount: KainHr, but. Td Mbo ov
as tne first who achieved la