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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 18, 1905)
' - &:,-t'--'
VOL. XXIV NO. 25.
PORTLAND, OREGON. SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 18; 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
YET CAUSE WAR
GERMANY GIVES WARNING
Her Subjects in France Must
Prepare to Leave.
BRITAIN IS BEHIND FRANCE
Hope or Averting War Rests In Com
promise on Conference Scheme..
- Ijansdownc States Posi
tion of Britain.
PARIS, June 17. It is stated in official
circles that the government has been ad
vised that Germans in business in France
have been ordered by the German gov-"
ernment to hold themselves in readiness
to return to , Germany at a" moment's
Despite reassuring advices from Berlin
It is admitted here that the Moroccan
situation has brought about a state of af
fairs that menaces the peace of Europe
more than in a quarter of a century.
The French Cabinet -was In session all
Wednesday, Thursday and Friday nights,
dlcusslng the situation, and for a time
it was thought by all of the better-informed
In diplomatic circles that war
would ensue before the end of the week.
However, the crisis was averted, for the
present at least.
It is Just now becoming known that cx
Minister Delcasse retired from the Cabi
net because his colleagues declined to sup
port him in a policy that was bound to
result 1n Immediate war. Convinced that
England would cast her lot with France
against. Germany, he appeared at a meet
ing with a copy of a proposed offensive
and defensive treaty with England, which
he proposed to adopt at once. He de
clared that ho had positive Information
that Germany had made up her mind to
crush France, and decided that the llfs
of the nation demanded that she go at
once to extreme measures. The Premier
and hj fellow-members declined the re
sponsibility of throwing the country Into
a war that might prove disastrous, and
thereupon the Foreign Minister retired
from the Cabinet.
A telegram was later received from the
French Ambassador at Rome, in which
he stated that, had the proposed treaty
been approved by the Cabinet, German
troops would have crossed the frontier
the same night.
WILL AGREE IF FRANCE DOES
Lansdownc Defines Attitude of Brit
ain on Conference.
CHICAGO, June 17. (Special.) The
Daily Nowa' London correspondent gives
the following comment on the strained re-
lations between France and Germany over
the Morocco situation, and the latter's call
for a conference of nations:
"The correspondent quoted an official
of the Foreign Office to the effect that
England would yield absolutely to French
leadership in the Moroccan crisis. This
morning the Dally Telegraph, in an arti
cle directly Inspired if not actually writ
ten by Lord Lansdowne, confirms this in
formation. The article declares that,
while England refuses to accept the Invi
tation of the Sultan of Morocco to an in
ternational conference on the Moroccan
question, it Is quite ready to agree to a
French proposition for such a conference.
There Is excellent authority for the state
ment that this concession to German di
plomacy does not imply the feeling that
Germany will ultimately triumph over
France in the prevailing controversy.
Probable Line-Up of Powers.
"At presont, said the authority quoted,
France stands alone in the diplomatic
duel between Paris and Berlin. To be
sure, Rouvier has half of the moral sup
port, but all of the actual fighting de
volves on him. If under a practical
threat of lnvasion-a threat regarded as
the sheerest bluff, Rouvier should feel
competed to agree to a conference, we
shall enter the conference on France's in
vitation, and the other powers will also
come in. among them America. Then
France, will no longer tand alone, but in
the midst of friends, and the question will
be fought out, so far as can now be Jeen.
.with England, France. Spain and Amer
ica on one side and Germany on the other,
supported by Austria, and possibly by
Italy, in such fashion as these nations
may feel forced to offer in view of the
triple alliance. Then Austria and Italy
may refuse to support Germany, if that
country should take a line really opposed
to the Interests of the powers in the conference-concerned
Anglo-French Deal Will Stand.
"You may be perfectly sure that any
agreement reached by the conference will
leave the Anglo-French Moroccan ar
rangement undisturbed. The lines of this
arrangement will be the lines on which
the final settlement of the Moroccan
question must rest. The only thing the
conference can do is to give Initial sanc
tion to the pact that guarantees the integ
rity of Morocco and the perfect equality
of nations in the Moroccan markets.
There jwill also be a supplementary un
derstanding to the effect that France's
9ecullr. relation to the situation gives
her a peculiar right to abolish ."anarchy In
the empire, and to have her own way In
the development of the country, and ulti
mately, it the Sultan's authority oes to
smash, to take precedence of other na
tions In the re-establishment of civilized
"We count on America's sympalhy. be
cause America is historically committed
to the -principle that .the disposition of af
fairs in. any part of the world belongs
primarily to the nation most intimately
concerned. This is esteemed but the es
sence of Monroeism."
GRAVEST CRISIS IS PASSED
Negotiations Improve When on Point
of Breaking OfT.
PARIS,' June 17. The strained relations
between France and Germany reached a
culminating stage today and for a time
the public mind was distracted between
reports that the two countries were on the
eve of a war that would set Europe
ablaze, and reassuring declarations that
diplomacy still held a firm grasp on the
Fortunately, the situation was much rer
lieved tonight, after a long conference be
tween Prince von Radolln, the German
Ambassador to France, and Premier Rou
vier which took place at the Foreign
Office. This distinctly showed that diplo
matic intercourse had not reached a point
of rupture. Moreover, it is known that
exchanges between Prince von Radolln
and the French Premier, which reemed
on the point of breaking yesiorday, were
again brought within normal channels.
At the same time, alarmist reports had
thoroughly aroused public apprehension
that grave eventualities were possible, if
People Do Not Expect War.
There is not the slightest evidence, how
ever, that France is profoundly moved or
that the people seriously apprehend war.
None of the exciting-scenes that preceded
the Franco-Pruasian War is occurring.
The German Embassy is one of the mtzt of the leases on immense tracts ofvland
serene spots In the French capital, and it ' situated in nearly all sections of East
has not been necewary to station even . ern Washington. In some parts of the
police guard there. ' state, particularly in Yakima and Doug-
There Is reason te believe that the con- ! las and Kittitas Counties, stockmen
ference today permitted assurances to be ksom'e years ago acquired the railroad
given that Germany did not have the varl-'j lands at a small figure. These lands
ous ambitious alms which were alleged
to He behind her actions. There were in
dications, too, that Premier Rouvier wel
comed these assurances as permitting
France to consider the acceptance of a
conference of the powers without any
sacrifice of national self-respect. The Idea
of France bolng driven by Germany is
deeply wounding to the national pride,
and Germany has been quick to avert this
obstacle to a solution of the question.
As the master now stands, Germany has
freed the proposed international confer
ence from its possible menacing and hu
mllfatlng features and, thus presented,
France is disposed to consider the propo
sition. If it It accepted hy-FrSttcerhe
prcsont cloud will. blow over for Eng
land's opposition to a conference is merely
to strengthen the hand of France and not
because England has further political alms
Relics on British Loyalty.
The Temps in its leader reflects the offl-
to France in the Anglo-French entente f,vId"aI , or comPan'- thua clrcumyent
should' be equally steadfast in aiding j ,n law n lh large
France toward a pacific adjustment of "jUtewaer. have bad employes take up
0 T, . . ... , . claims of Government timber and then
the case. It is probable that this view ht the c,aJms
was conveyed to Sir Francis Bortle. Brit
ish Ambassador to France, durine his call I
at the Foreign Office today. At least. It la
accepted in the best posted quarters that
Great Britain's objections" to a confer
ence may be overcome. If Germany's as
surances show that the conference is not
a menace to the Anglo-French entente or j
a cover for far-reaching German alms. v
. - (
ADMIT SITUATION IS DELICATE ;
Officials In Washington Do Not
Think War Probable.
WASHINGTON. June 17. Reassuring
advices reached Washington today from lease three, ten, twenty or more sec
official sources regarding the Moroccan 4 tions of agricultural lands, and If the
negotiations at Paris, which, while they combination of small stockmen Li sue-.
Indicate that war betweon Germanv and j cessfol every man who has more than
France Is improbable, indicate the ex- i onc son in bis own name will find
treme delicacy of the situation. Berlin himself the possessor of a valueless sheet
takes a much more optimistic view of the of Pper. The Investigations were con-
I ducted here with attempts at strict se-
(Concluded en Serena race.) I crecy.
IssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssHssssssss i ,i 'Tf .'" '- - llir. ,.f ?"' m"!!!'Mbsss' ,MSJMMMMMMBMMMisjMism '
J ,.. . ,, . ; , , .,-,.,
N FIGHT OF LIKES
Being Crowded Out of Eastern
Washington by the Big -
-LEASES TO-BE ATTACKED
Great Tracts of Land Hare Been Put
Under Fence Under 'a Ruling
From Lessees.. .-
OLTMPIA, Wash., June 17. Special.)
As a result of the gradual restricting
of the stockgrazlng territory In East
ern Washington and the crowding out of
the smaller stockmen, the latter have
formed a combination and are contribut
ing funds la an effort to devise a way
of divesting the big stockmen of some
-of the grazing .lands they are now en
Joying. This week an attorney for the com
bination of small stockmen spent several
days la Olympla going over the leasing
records of the State Land Office, and as
a result of his researches it is said, that
a legal battle of magnitude is impending
which will call into question the legality
comprised only the odd-numbered sec
tions. Big Tracts Under Fence.
The state selected the even sections for
the educational land-grants, and the state
lands were then leased to the owners of
the railroad lands. In this way tracts
comprising as much as ICO square miles
were placed under fence.
The small stockmen have been free
lances until now, as a result of the fur
ther encroachments of the big stockmen,
the settling up of the country, and the
passage of a law by the last Legislature
restricting the running at large of stock,
they arc having a fight for their lives.
The point on which the first attack is
llkoly to be made Is the leasing of the
state lands. "The enabling act and the
constitution provide that educational
lands shall not be leased In tracts greater
than one section to any one person. Un
der a ruling of the Attorney-General the
Land Office has permitted assignments
How Leases Arc Obtained.
A big stockman, desiring to lease state
lands will have his wife and his fore
man and his foreman's wife and their
children and the employes of the ranch
and his lawyer and his friends each bid
In -t Atlnn und tVijtn 1atr Qetlrni Ia film
The small stockmen have In mind the
contesting of these assigned leases, and
u they should be successful, not only the'
stock-grazing Industry of Eastern Wash
ington, Dut wneatgrowers ami otner agn
cultural pursuits would be affected, as
the same scheme has been worked in
leasing lands in Eastern Washington
which are suitable for wheat growing.
There arc hundreds of" instances where
rrtA mnn of nmnnnv nnv Vina nrAir
! CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
j - Tie Weather.
YESTERDATS Maximum temperature. 7S
J dep.; minimum. SO. Precipitation, none.
TODAY'S Fair with no marked change in
temperature. Northwesterly wind.
The War la the Par East.
Russia trie to change peace conference to
The Jlojrue. Page 3.
Russia's ,new move opposed by Roosevelt
and may delar armistice UU bkttle Is
fought." Page 3.
More stories pi mutiny and cowardice cn
Rejestvenskr fleet. Pare 3.
Crisis About Morocco.
France and Germany Just draw back from
verge of war. Page 1.
Great Britain backs France to the finish.
Page I. .
Delcasse's resignation prevented- war.
.Both nations explain to Roosevelt and seek
his support, rage I.
Origin of the controversy. Page'l
Tore lea. '
General Gomez, hero' o Cuban revolution,
King Oscar will name King for Norway.
Why Assistant Secretary Miller resigned.
Government wins great point in suit against
paper trust. Page 8.
Government irrigation works opened In Ne
vada. Page SC.
W. W. Cotton to be Federal Judge in Ore
gon. Page 10.
Oalrymple rays polities will make municipal
ownership a failure. "Page 8.
Mayer Dunne proposes to build municipal
car lines. Page S.
Mayor Weaver opposes party politics In re
form movement. Page S.
Fatal riots grow .out of Chicago strike,
Exciting scene at trial - of Judge Bargts.
Speed contest between railroads will shorten
time to Pacific Coast. Page. 0.
ilsny lives lost In railroad wreck In Mary
Minor stockmen In Eastern Washington fight
for life with big cattle-raisers. Tago 1.
Enthusiastic good roads meeting Is held at
Hood Jllver. Page 4.
Andrew Dodvon. murderer of Southern Ore
gon miner. Is sentenced to be hanged.
Theft of decks caused Fred Fields to kill
neighbor and wound his son near Freeze.
Idaho. Page 4.
Washington State has large sum due from
liquor licenses. Page 5.
Grasshoppers are invading' California 'fields.
C&llfornlan badly mauled by pet bear.
Northwest record broken at Exposition field
day. Page 16.
Walter Goas wins Ladd cup at -tennis. Page
San Frandico defeats Portland, 5 to 1.
Hunt Club holds Spring meet. Page 17.
Drawings made for golf tournament. Page
O. A. C leads in Arid sports. Paga 18.
Commercial and Mirjae.
MelanaJn.carlots on way to Portland. Page
California prune crop- shorter than expected.
New York bank statement shows unexpected
Increase in loans. . Page 35.
Chicago wheat market closes one cent high
er. Page 35.
Italian cruiser Cmbrta due this week. Page
Rival boathouaes In launch war. Page 19.
lUver entrance to Fair opens today. Page 19.
JnU aad Clark Exposition.
Attendance yesterday. 15.9S3. Page 14.
Art exhibit at the Exposition Is ; a marvel.
Bay State dedicates building on BuSker Hill
day. Page 14.
Sunday programme at the Fair. Page 14.
Exhibit of Uncle Sam's naval power Page
Unique relics In postal exhibit. Page 31.
Photographic Identification of passholders.
Portland and Vicinity.
Shrlners have parade and Initiation. Page 1.
Council committee exonerates Sharkey.
Chinese problem a. difficult one. Page 13.
Rev. F. E. J. Lloyd. D. D.. elected bishop
coadjutor. Page 10.
Three street-car companies may be merged.
Work of the Juvenile Court. Page 36.
Features and Departments.
Editorial. Page 0.
Frederick Hasktns first view of Tokohama.
Notable collection of Indian pictures. Page
Thomas Jefferson on confiscation.. Page 45.
Brains and .the star pitcher. Tage 39.
Remarkable rose trained to grow as a tree.
UNRULY TRIAL IN
Prosecuting Attorney Openly
Defies Judge and
BAILIFF-GATHERS: IN GUNS
Attempt-to Implicate Hargls Family
-In Marcum 3Iurdcr - Blocked
and' a New Feud Prom
' Ised Islington.
LEXINGTON. Ky.. June 17:-(SpeciaL)
The attempt of Fayette County authorities,
to cor.vict the members of the Hargis
family, Including Judge Hargls, of Breath
itt County, and B. F. French, of having
instigated the murder of J. B. Marcum, at
Jackson, came to trial today, and the de
fendants were discharged by Judge Allen,
when County Prosecutor Blanton had
withdrawn from the case, after openly
consigning the court -and Jury to perdition
for Its attitude In the case. He publicly
accused Judge Allen of being a tool of
Judge Hargls. and claimed that the pros
ecution of the accused had been under
taken by Allen in order that an "un
honest" hearing migh,t be avdided. The
scenes in the courtroom today were sen
sational In the extreme, and there is a
possibility that a bitter feud will be born
of today's proceedings.
It Tva.i plain early in the day that trou
bl3 was to be expected. By direction of
the court every man who. expected ad
mission to the courtroom was searched
for weapons, and when- any were found
they werc placed In safe-keeping. When
Mrs. Marcum, widow of the murdered
man. w&s called to the stand, she was
subjected tj humiliating cross-examination
by the "defense. The questions were
objected to "by Prosecutor Blanton time
and time again, hut were allowed by
Judge Allen. Finally, Mr. Blanton Jumped
to his feet, and with face white and eyes
flashing, demanded that the witness be
given "fair play."
Jjfdg Allen told him to sit down and
ordered the witness to answer.- Blanton
then Jumped to his feet. and. shaking
with passion, shouted: "These proceedings
nni a disgrace to tho state and county,
and the court can go to the devil."
Ho then left the courtroom. Judge Al
len ordered a recess of an hdur to permit
Judge Blanton to reconsider. As he failed
to put In an appearance when court re
convened. Judge Allen directed the defend
ants to arise, and then the following dia
"Gentlemen, you have been accused of
having conspired to bring about the mur
der of J. B. Marcum at Jackson. Old you
"We did not. and we are Innocent."
"I believe you. There is no evidence' to
support the contention that a crime was
committed. Tou are all discharged."
MAY REJECT STATE CLAIMS
Government Gives Ross More Time
on Yakima Selection.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. June 17. It was stated at the in
terior Department today that considera
tion of the application of the
State of Washington for land in
the Yakima Valley under- tho Carey
act had been postponed until the state
can present further evidence- regarding
the ability of the Sunnyslde Canal Com
pany to reclaim the land.
A decision rejecting the state's appli
cation for tHls land had been prepared In
the office of the Assistant Attorney-General,
and It" was shown to. State" Land
Commissioner Ross todayvHe immediate
ly asked that the case be held up until
he could get evidence showing that the
state can reclaim the land. and. his re
quest was granted. Mr. Roas left for
home today, promising to furnish docu
ments showing that the land can be re
claimed under tentative contracts made
with the -canal company within the last
MOKTOX AND REBATE CASES
Conference With Roosevelt and
3Ioody Arranges Statement.
-WASHINGTON. June 17: A Ions' con
ference was held at the White House
today, the President. Secretary Morton
and Attorney-General Moody being- the
participants. The conference related tq
the. Santa. Fe Railroad rebate case,
which" has. been pending: before the De
partment of Justice for several months.
MrMorton Is-brought Into the case by
his admission on the witness stand that
when ne was a vice-president of the
Santa Ps road, rebates "were graced by
that system to the Colorado Fuel &
After the conference today, Mr.
Moody said that a full statement of the
;as3 would be Issued' by him next Tues
day. At the same time President Roose
velt will make a statement of the posi
tion of the Administration.
"While neither Mr. Morton nor Mr.
Moody would discuss the matter at this
time, it can be said that. the former has
courted the fullest inquiry Into his
ADDS TO WASHINGTON RESERVE
President Proclaims Extension of
Iilmlts East and West.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. June 17. By a proclamation Is
sued today by the President, the area of
the Washington forest reserve In Wash
ington has been Increased 567,000 acres.
Part of the land included In the additions
lies In Whatcom. Skagit and Snohomish
Counties on the west, and in Okanogan
County on the east side. One area of
4800 acres in Snohomish County was
restored fb entry, and 1600 acres near the
town of Methow were eliminated from
JUNKET TO FAIR FAILS
St. Iiouis Assemblymen ..Will "Not
Travel at City's Expense.
ST. LOUIS. Mo., June 17. (Special.)v-A
few moments before adunnnent of the
City Assembly for the Summflr. a futile
attempt was made by members of the
LHouso oC Delegates, the lower body v to
push through the House and Council a
resolution for a J10.0CO' junketing trip to eh
able Assemblymen to visit the Lewis and
Clark Exposition at the city's expense.
When enthusiasm In the scheme was at
ita height, some one asljed on what- pre
text the trip could be made.
"To Inspect garbage plants and street
improvements!" declared one member, ex
citedly and immediately therevwaa a tri
"The very thing i"
"Will 510,000 be enough?" one member
The enthusiasm by .this' time was so
strong that some members, as they ad
mitted aftferward. could see themselves
packing their baggage.
"By all means, make It $15,000." chorused
some: but the original figure stood."
A delegation of House members immedi
ately visited the Council, where they met
a sharp rebuff, the majority of the Coun
cllraen having already acrange'd for spending--
vacations, vigorously opposed the
scheme, which consequently had to he
Hydo Arrested for Being Too Swift.
NEW jWRK, June 17. James Hazen
Hyde,, of the Equitable Life, 'is a mem
ber, or one of the parties arrested- today
by Deputy Sheriff Mott for violating the
speed limit at Babylon. The chauffeur,
j; P. Burdener, was placed urifier ar
rest. He pleaded guilty and the occu
pants of the car paid the $20. fine.
Czar's Family Goes to Pcterhof.
ST. PETERSBURG, June 17. The Em
peror and "Empress and their children
have gone to Peterhof.
TEMPLE' EL HER
Parade and Initiation Are
Features of 'the Big
MAY DON THE RED FEZ
After Traveling Across -the Hot
Sands, the New Members Are
Invited - to a Banquet!.
'; Spread for Them.
a For the second time in its history,
the local shrine, Al Kader Temple, was
seen in public parade last night, when
it acted as escort for 1500 visiting
Shrlners as they passed through tho
.streets of Portland. The pageant was
impressive, it was one that has not
been seen in Portland for years, and
one that will perhaps not be seen for
years to come'. It differed from ordi
nary parades and processions, there
was a touch of refinement and dignity
about it. Everything- was in keeping:
with the traditions and principles of
the order, the ceremonies of which are
conducted on a high plane of culture,
without attempt at bombastic show.
The parade of last evening; was a quiet
affair, but It had a deeper meaning and
was far more impressive than a thing
of many bands, many tinsel floats,
pyrotechnics and noise.
Fifteen hundred men marched
through the streets last night in full
dress, all wearing- that distinctive uni
form of a Shriner the red fez head
coverings Each of the 1500 men Is
representative in his city, is known
as a gentleman of character and at
tainment. Wealth, culture, the pro
fessions, art. the deep nobility of man
hood were represented In these 1500
men. The very fact that they were
Shrlners, men who had passed through
the storms of the desert until they had
reached the oasis, told that they wera
men of quality.
Big Crowd IJnes Streets.
vHundrcds lined the streets through
which the procession passed. The pa
rade moved promptly at 7 o'clock,
leaving- the Armory and passing- down
Tenth street to Morrison, down Morri
son to Fourth, up Fourth to Washing
ton, on Washington to Tenth and back:
to the Armory A platqpn of Port
land's crack mounted ' police, com
manded by Sergeant Hammersley,
cleared the streets for the procession.
Brown's band followed and was fol-.
lowed in turn by the National ensign
and the banner of AI Kader, each suit
ably escorted by color guards.
Colonel J. M. Poorman.. grand mar
shal, and J. W. Newklrk, chief of staff,
were in the van of the procession
proper. They were followed by the
bearer of. the grand scimitar and the
illustrious potentate, George H. H11L
Then came the shrine of Al Kader,
marching; in squads of four, and acting:
as an honorary escort for the hun
dreds of visiting; shrlners In the ranks.
Another band followed Al Kader, and
following- this were squad upon squad
of Shrlners. Thirty carriages carrying:
men noted in the history of the shrines
of which thy are nobles, were' in line.
There ' was a tally-ho of Shrlnera,
driven by Noble Dr. J. W. Hill, and 15
automobiles followed after the manner
of modern camels carrying; still more
Shrlners across the mysterious sands
of which none save the Shrlners know
the mystery. A mounted police guard
brought up the rear.
Fifty to Brave the Sands.
There were also in the procession 59
brave gentlemen about to bravo the
sands. They -marched with faltering
step, hemmed In by guards. They
were not In dress suit, because -tho
illustrious potentate had ordered that
they wear ordinary clothes of a dur
able texture, clothes that would stand
the strain of what was to come. Soma
of these doomed men attempted to
smile, but .the attempt in each case waa
sorry to see. During- the march th
bands played airs not calculated ta
cheer up these doomed ' gentlemen.
They gained confidence, perhaps, as
they marched along;, 'thinking;, no
doubt, that it would not be so bael
after all, but as the Armory was
reached and the huge doors closed after
the candidates, the band brokento ths
strains of that time-tried but' sugges
tive hymn, "There'll "Be a Hot Time la
the Old Town Tonight," and: fear en
tered the hearts of the candidates once
They Cross the Hot Sands.
Once inside, those huge doors, and this
doors locked behind them, the lot of the
candidates waa not a pleasant one, Ex
actly what i occurred behind those doors
none save the Shrlners themselves know.
Whisperings that reached the outer air
told of the mysterious signts and sounds,
of devilish tricks, of ' sudden unseen
dangers and of bold, bad men that guided
the feet of the candidates Into treacher
The Armory was, appropriately decorat
ed for the occasion: Banners and stream
ers were on 'the .walls and -the ceillag.
These formed the borders of the desert
across which the candidates took their
terrible camel-ride-. The desert itself was
clear of -an oasis, and tyrannical bands
of Arabs were behind each, sand duna
to spring upon the unwily one and take
him unawares. After the candidates had
been appropriately tortured they were
led away to. the feast spread in their
honor, for this is a way the Shrlners
have. The feast,. Tumor bath It, awply
repaid the venturesome gentlemen for
their previous agonies. "
Wit, humor, eloqueHoe and -hhc
(Cosclo4ed. e Tag? Iv.)