5 Entered at the Postoffice at- Portland. Or., as second-class matter. SUBSCRIPTION JATES. INVARIABLT IN ADVANCE. (By Mall or Express.) Dally and Sunday, per year Dally and Sunday, six months 5.00 Dally and Sunday, three months - So Daily and Sunday, per month "-63 Dally without Sunday, per year -30 Dally -without Sunday, six months 3.90 Dally without Sunday, three months... 1.95 Dally without 8unday. per month .65 Sunday, per year - --- 2.00 Sunday, six months - 1.00 Sunday, three months . -c0 BY CARRIER. Dally without Sunday, per week n.n.. o. in.ii.l 9fl I THE "WEEKLY OREGONIAN. (Issued Every Thursday.) Weekly, per year 1.50 Weekly, six months .75 "Weekly, three months 50 HOW TO REMIT Send postofflce money order, express order or personal check on your local bank. Stamps, coin or currency are at the sender's risk. EASTERN BUSINESS OFFICE. The 6. C. Beckwith Special Agency New York; rooms 43-50 Tribune building. Chi cago, rooms 510-512 Tribune building. The Oregonian does not buy poems or stories from individuals and cannot under take to return any manuscript sent to It without solicitation. No stamps should be Inclosed for this purpose. KEPT ON SALE. Chicago Auditorium Annex, Postofflce News Co.. 178 Dearborn street. Dallas, Tex. Globe News Depot, 200 Main street. Hot Springs, Ark. F. C Boring. 418 Cen tral avenue. Denver Julius Black, Hamilton & Kend rlck, 90C-912 Seventeenth street; Harry D. Ott, 15C3 Broadway. Colorado Springs, Colo. Howard H. BelL lies Moines, la. Moses Jacobs, 309 Fifth street. Duluth. Ia. G. Blackburn. 215 West Su perior street. Goldneld, Nrv. C. Malone. Kant.au Cily, Mo. Rlcksecker Cigar Co., Ninth nnd Walnut. Los Angeles Harry Drapkln; B. E. Amos, 814 West Seventh street. Minneapolis M. J. Kavanaugh, 50 South Third; L. Regelsburger, 2J7 First avenue South. Cleveland, O. James Pushaw. 307 Superior street. New York City L. Jones & Co.,Astor House. jOakland. CaL W. H. Johnston. Four teenth and Franklin streets. Ogden F. It. Godard and Meyers & Har top. D. L. Boyle. Omaha Barkalow Bros.. 1012 Farnam; Mageath Stationery Co.. 1308 Farnam; Mcv Laughlln Bros., 240 South 14th. Sacramento, Cal. Sacramento News Co., 423 K Ftreet. Salt Lake Salt Lake News Co., 77 West Second street South. Long Beach B. E. Amos. San Francieco J. K. Cooper & Co., 740 Market street; Goldsmith Bros.. 23G Sutter; L. E. Leo. Palace Hotel News Stand; F. W. Pitts. 1008 Market; Frank Scott, 80 Ellis; N. Wheatley Movable News Stand, corner Mar ket and Kearney streets; Hotel St. Francis News Stand; Foster & Orear, Ferry News Stand. St. Louis, Mo. E. T. Jett Book & News Company. 800 Olive street. Washington, I). C Ebblt House News Stand PORTLAND, SUNDAY, MAY 21, 1905. NORTHERN PACIFIC MAY HELP TORTLAND. ' There now seems but little doubt -about the intentions of the Northern Fa.oific to enter the Clearwater country with all possible speed in order to head off. or at least attempt to head off, the proposed electric line There was a time in the distant past, before prom ises that were never kept became too frequent when Portland "would have felt much regret at the advent of the Northern Pacific In that territory, )"whlch. . by right of geographical loca .J(Joij belongs to this city. It is unneces sary at this time to go into details regarding- the Idiotic neglect and aban donment of that field by the O. R. & N. Co. Mr. Harriman apparently long ago gave up that territory and burned his bridges behind him. This accordingly left Portland -with no hope of relief ex cept from the Northern Pacific, or from an independent line. There are many reasons. for which Portland would have favored the Inde pendent line, and it is to be hoped that the projectors .will not be bluffed out by this sudden action of the Northern Pacific. At the same time, the en- trance of the Hill road in a territory which rightfully belonged to Harriman may not. after all, prove a disadvan tage to Portland. "We have had the fact thoroughly impressed on our minds that there was nothing to hope for in the Clearwater country from the Harri man system. At the worst, we shall have as good an opportunity to do business there as -we now have, and there is some probability that we may be in better position. The traffic of that portion of the Clearwater country now served by the Northern Pacific has grown so rapidly that it Is already tax ing the facilities of the road to handle It by way of the heavy grade up Pot latch canyon. That the traffic will be doubled and trebled by construction of a line from Lewlston to Grangevllle Is regarded as a certainty by all who are familiar with the country. Development of this traffic will, of course, demand better fa cilities than are possible by the round about canyon road, and a water-level route to market will undoubtedly be sought. Wherever In the Northwest the Hill interests and the Harriman in terests have come in conflict, Mr. Har ,riman has retired from the field on the run. This characteristic is so well un derstood by the Hill.people that, in or- 4ler for them to secure the old Harrl an right of way and grade work be tween Lewlston and Rlparia, it will wily be necessary for them to say they want It and are going to have IL The abandonment of the old Potlatch Canyon route for a line down Snake Itlver would not neecssarlly mean that the Idaho traffic was all to be drained . down to Portland. There are large milling Interests op Puget Sound which must and will be served from the Idaho country on even terms with the Port Jand mills, but construction of the Snake River road to Lewlston would let Portland Into a territory from which she Is now effectually barred. " "With the Northern Pacific down as far as Rlparia. the rest would be easy. A line could be built down the north bank of the Columbia, opening up consider able new and rich territory, or a track age arrangement with the O. R. & N. "might be effected. The Northern Pa cific has never been very friendly to Portland irythe past, and Portland has probably reciproca'ted to the limit; but since Mr. "Woodworth and Mr. Campbell have been -added to Mr. Hill's official family, there are indications of estab llshment 'of more friendly relations. The Northern Pacific has much to gain by -admitting Portland into the rich Idaho trade field from which the Har riman system has. for so long barred us. We should be grateful for a favor of this -.kind, and would reciprocate with through business, of which the North ern Pacific at -this time gets but little. If the1 Northern Pacific .builds the Lew- iston-Grangeville road and continues to haul the traffic out over two high mountain ranges. Portland will be at no more of a disadvantage than she now labors under. If the Northern adopts a common-sense policy and follows the law of gravitation by building down the Snake River. Portland will be Infi nitely better off than she now is. For this reason, advent of the Northern Pacific Into the undeveloped portion of the Clearwater country will be viewed with a much greater degree of equanim ity than would have been possible be fore the O. R. & N. made us abandon hope of reaching the territory over Its line. MR. ROCKEFELLER'S SOUL. PORTLAND. Or.. May 19. (To the Editor.) On reading the editorial In Sunday's Ore gonian, on Mr. Wood's article In the Pa cific Monthly concerning Mr. Rockefeller and the churches. I felt Impelled to reply to your argument, which to me seems an Im possible one, I. e.. that the churches accept the gift and chastise the giver. Since reading Washington Gladden's trenchant and logical letter In the Outlook of April 22, however, I merely ask you to reprint the following lines from his pen. which express the thought I had Intended to convey: It is idle to say that we can-take this man's money and then turn and fight him. It is not an honorable thing to do. It Is not dealing fairly with Mr. Rockefeller. He does not give "this money with any such un derstanding. He would not have given It if he had expected us to set ourselves in array against him." L. W. W. - Since Mr. Rockefeller made tils fa mous, or Infamous, gift to the American Board to help on the salvation of the souls of the hea then, there has been a great deal said about the impropriety of first tak ing his money and then "lashing," or "fighting," or "chastising," him. The Oregonian was aware of Washington Gladden's loose and illogical views upon this question before the above letter was received, and had lamented them In silence. It was. hoped, in fact, that no body would be perverted by them; but since "Li. W. W." evidently has been perverted, and possibly others are ln danger or have actually succumbed to his sophistry. The Oregonian will point out that Dr. Gladden's remark, which "Li. W. W." quotes. Involves two disas trous fallacies. The first fallacy is that Mr. Rockefeller by the gift of his money put the church under an obliga tion, or, say, conferred a favor on the church. Now. If he gave the money for his ovv.n glory, he conferred no favor upon the church, for he was trying to seduce her to praise what she should not; If he gave it to buy her silence, this was no favor, but rather an Insult; if he gave it from the best possible mo tives, still it was no favor, for. unless all our religious education has been awry, a gift to the church Is a gift to God, whose visible agent or representa tive she is. and a man. even Rockefel ler, cannot confer a favor on God or put him under obligations. In giving his hundred thousand. Mr. Rockefeller was merely returning a part, a very small part, of what the Lord has mysteriously intrusted to his keeping; the servant was restoring his master's treasure; the steward was rendering some minute fraction of his account. He was con ferring no favor upon God. Does "L. W. W." think he was? And was it a favor so great that -God. or-hls church. must henceforth permit Mr. Rockefeller to go on sinning unrebuked and end up in hell? What kind of a return would that be to Mr. Rockefeller for his favor? Dr. Gladden's second fallacy, and a most amazing one, is that by "lashing" or "fighting" Mr. Rockefeller the church would be injuring him. "It Is not an honorable thing to do!" Not honorable to pluck the brand from the burning! "It is not dealing fairly with Mr. Rocke feller!" Not dealing fairly to save his soul! How blind, how limited to earth ly passions and mere temporal interests are the views of Dr. Gladden! If the church does not "lash" Mr. Rockefeller, if she does not fight him, If she does not lay upon him an unsparing rod, how Is his soul going to be saved? The Ore gonian is thinking of Mr. Rockefeller's soul: what will become of it if the church does not scourge him soundly? Would she be "dealing fairly" by him to let his poor, bald head drop between .the fiery jaws that so eagerly yawn for it? Does "L. W. W." think she would? Is that the sort of honorable treatment and fair dealing "L. W. W." and Dr. Gladden approve of? If it Is, then we pray to be treated unfairly and dishonorably. Even after bestowing all our wealth upon the church, we shall continue to cry "Give us heaven and the scourge rather than perdition and Pharisaical scorn." A REASONABLE LIMIT. Mrs. Arthur M. Dodge, who, by vir tue of her experience as president of the New Tork Federation of Day Nurseries, should be well qualified to know whereof she speaks, is of opinion that the "absolute limit of one woman's capacity for taking care of babies Is eight, and she never ought to have more than six." While Mrs. Dodge in this estimate, which was presented at the recent meeting of the Eastern Public Educa tion Association, in Richmond, Va., probably referred to the care of babies of nearly the same age, her statement mas well have a much wider applica tion. That is to say. It might be prop erly applied to the number of children that one woman. In the dual capacity of mother and nurse, is able to care for In a suitable manner without overtax ing her own strength and utterly.slnk ing her own possibilities for recreation and self-culture in the work. While the mother of six children could hardly consider all of them "babies" In the utterly helpless sense of that term, the oldest of such a family might be and often Is young enough to make a con tinuous drain upon the vitality of the strongest mother; while mothers of highly nervous organization have often found the continual care of half a dozen "human stairsteps" a daily torture to overtaxed body and brain. Not only is the amount of physical labor Involved In the care of half a dozen children exhausting almost to the limit of physical endurance every day, but there is a perpetual strain upon the sub-vital forces that Increases with the birth of each succeeding child. "A baby for the time being doubles one's family," Is the testimony of many a wears' mother, and when the baby Is succeeded by another baby and yet an other, until the limit fixed by Mrs. Dodge is reached, any one at all ob servant of conditions must concede that. If the mother's strength and the care and training to which children are entitled are to be considered, six, or at most eight, children are quite enough. And there are other considerations. Both in the family and tbe school, as the Chicago Poet says,K the "E8cclty for controlling too many children re sults in training them too litle and In not leading them in the right direc tion." Furthermore, the cost of educa tion is already one of the difficulties in the' way of extending it to those who need it most, so that It may be impos sible, under our present methods, to di minish the number of children who shall receive the attention of one teacher. When the world learns that the- formation of good character and the training of the mind to think right in brief, that quality in the human race is better than quantity the re duction of the number of children that one teacher Is required to care for to a reasonable limit will be Imperative. The limit of the family within reasonable bounds must, of course, precede this, and that brings us back to the first proposition that eight children is the absolute limit of one woman's capacity, speaking .In an enlightened and even a humane sense, and that no woman ought to have the care and training of more than six. WHAT PARTIES ARE FOR. President Roosevelt Js a reformer, but he is a Republican, and a frank advo cate of the party system of government. He always was. He believed in re forming the party, if it needs reform, from without and not from within. He may not at all times have agreed with his party on all points, but he was never a bolter or a sorehead. He has ever had higher motives than sheer re venge for any slight or disappointment, real or fancied, at the hands of the party leaders. Neither spite, nor Jeal ousy, nor chagrin. Is to be found in his lexicon. The President was recently enter tained by the Iroquois Democratic Club at a banquet at Chicago, a compliment almost unparalleled In our annals. ItY greatly pleased President Roosevelt, as it pleased all Republicans, Democrats and worthy citizens of every political faith The Democratic speakers were highly complimentary In their lan guage toward the President. But they made it clear that they 'were still Dem ocrats and expected to remain Demo crats. "It is only through the vivify ing power of parties," said J. M. Dick inson, "that governmental theories find practical expression." Jo which Presi dent Roosevelt responded: Our country is governed, and under exist ing circumstances can only be governed under the party system, and that should mean and that will mean, when we have a sufficient number of people who take the point of xew that .Mr. DIcklnton takes that will mean there will be a frank and manly opposition of party to party; of party man to party man; combined with an equally frank reft sal to conduct a party contest In any such way as to give good Americans cause for regret because of what Is said before election when compared with what la said after election. The frankest opposition to a given man or a given party on questions of public policy not only can be but almost always should be combined with the frankest recognition of the Infinitely greater number of points of agreement than of the points of difference. Here, are words of deep meaning for Portland at this time. A contest, a party contest, for control of the city administration is on. A Democratic ticket is opposed to a Republican ticket. A Democratic candidate for Mayor (the Democrat being Indorsed also by "citizens") is running against a Repub lican candidate. The issue was made up on party lines, and there is no es cape from the fact that it Is essentially a party contest. The situation Is given a grave partisan aspect because the Democrats are making a bold effort to complete their party control by the election of a Democratic city adminis tratlon which shall join with the Demo cratic Gbvernor. and Democratic Dis trict Attorney and Sheriff, in uniting a strong and Irresistible state, county and city democratic machine. Demo crats propose to elect Dr. Lane Mayor because he Is a Democrat, and for no other reason whatever. They do not even pretend that he is a "reformer,1 so that they may get the votes of the bolting Republicans. There Is no de ceptlon or disguise about their pro gramme. When Dr. Lane is elected he will be the Democratic Mayor of Port land, and an Important member of the Chamberlaln-Word-Mannlng-Lane Democratic machine. There are bright rainbows in the Democratic sky. PICTURES AT THE FAIR, An exposition without a picture gal lery Is unthinkable. To many the sight of the pictures mentioned by Mr. Du Mond in Saturday's Oregonian will be an introduction Into a new world. This art Is one where no progress has been made by stages, by general practice, by extension to classes and numbers of students as time goes by. Students of today take for their models not the work of their teacher, but the examples of individual masters of past genera tions. In science, in mechanics, noth lng Is more Interesting than a collec tion showing the history of invention from Infancy, from early and crude ex periments to present-day excellence. At the World's Fair the history of the elec trie telegraph was so displayed. The interest In it was proved by the dally crowds pressing to examine the really pathetic models, testifying to the strug' gles of the Inventors. In art how dif ferent! In the picture exhibit by cen turies, by schools, by single masters, no one. with eyes to see. and insight to comprehend, will say, here is the In fancy, here the boyhood, here the man hood, here the old age of the painter's art. For true art is ever young. So It comes that the money value of the old pictures rises with the years. Those which stand the test (for there are ab solute canons of beauty established and unchangeable) not only can never be repeated or reproduced, but are so few In total number that the loss or de structlon of but one is a national ca lamity. To insure one picture, five feet by three, for $100,000. as reported of Millet's "Man With the Hoe," gives no Idea of Its value to the world. That cannot be appraised. Let no one lose the chance, not merely of seeing It, but of studying It. of absorbing Its influ ence and power, of wondering at the pathos and beauty the painter has in fused into the every-day scene. Judge it not by Edwin Markham's poem that shows but one side of the picture, and that the saddest, and touched through with bitterness. The painter has seen the patience and submission, the ac ceptance of the hard round of daily toll. and round it has thrown the atmos phere of peace. This by the way. If this is In any sense a sample of the collection to be shown, deep thanks are due to those who have gathered It. It Is, too. to-be hoped that space will be allowed in the hanging to keep the old, brown-toned pictures of the Dutch. school apart from Hhe brighter tints and colors of more modern art. And to the visitor, let the old pictures have fair !ay. Turn 'sot aside in haste and hurry to brigkit col ors. Pictures, like music, are set ia cer tain keys and la them must be stud led. Colors fade. It Is certain that many of the arts of- permanence have died out with the old masters. But form and line do not die. If the old colors do not please you, study these. Do honor to an art which is not based on love of the dollar mark. The best painters paint now. as formerly, for money. It Is true, for painters must live. But in the history of art, misers and money-grubbers are the rarest of the rare. LAW-BREAKING AND LAW-BREAKERS, We have heard a good deal about law-breaking and law-breakers In this city in recent months, and but little has been offered that Is practical in the way of proposed remedy. Evangelists have visited the city and in loud tones and strong language have proclaimed Portland a moral plague-spot, pledged a few hundred, more or less, people of the negative sort to Impractical reform methods, and. departing, have left it neither the worse nor better. Politi cians, representing for the most part men with a grievance against parties or nominating conventions, have added the rumblings of their discontent to the hoarse clamor for observance of law, and sentimentalists have joined their piping voices in advocacy of "more law." The municipal election, now close at hand, has furnished a rallying point for all of these elements. Clamor will reach high tide during the next two weeks; a hush will then fall while the votes' are being counted, the result will be de clared, the tide will ebb and the waves of public opinions, lashed Into foam by the fury of frenzied tongues, will sub side and the .surface disturbance will be again stilled. If. however, this commotion. Inconse quential as it seems from the stand point of practical results, means a stir ring within the body politic of what Governor Folk, of Missouri, terms "an Idea that means the enforcement of the law," It will not be without wholesome effect. We have only to read the open records of community life our own as well as the wider transcript to become convinced that law-breaking has be come alarmingly common. Again quot ing Governor Folk, whose contention against and triumph over law-breakers In Missouri entitles him to a hearing upon this point: "Law-breaking Is one of the greatest dangers that confronts free government." Analyzing this dan ger, he continues: Many men obey the laws they like, but think they have a political liberty to dls- oney tnc laws that are obnoxious to tnem. The trust magnate looks with abhorrence on the pickpocket who violates the larceny statute, but considers it entirely right to break the laws against combinations and monopolies. The boodler detests the law- breaking of the trusts, but considers the laws against bribery as an infringement on his personal liberty. The dramshopkeeper regards the law against murder as good, but the law against operating his dramshop on Sunday is, in his opinion, puritanical and tyrannical. If each citizen were allowed to determine for himself which laws are good and which laws are bad, and to Ignore the lave he considered bad. the result would be anarchy we would not have laws at all. The only safe rule Is that If tho law Is on the statute books it must be observed.There has been too much of making laws to please the moral element nnd then not enforcing them to please the immoral element. This last sentence is a plain state ment of a simple fact known to all men. The combination that it suggests, or the conditions that it portrays, cannot be broken by the forces of popular clamor loosened at stated intervals. But IfJ "the idea that means the enforcement of the law" Is reinforced and strength ened by this stirring of the depths and bringing to the surface the misdeeds of official law-breakers, we may be thank ful for the rumblings that have vexed the air and even for the odors that have arisen, indicating the rottenness that is beneath. To know ourselves dl-oa-ed U half our cure. Said or sung a moralist of a past gen eration. In this view the cure of mu nicipal corruption in Portland may be said to be half accomplished. POLAND. There are two sides to the congratu lations to the Czar on having mustered courage at this late hour to redress the hideous wrongs of Poland. If reports are true, and the Poles once again can own their own soil, can choose their own residence, and speak and have their children taught their mother tongue, and If it be true that this is but a partial restoration of free rights enjoyed for centuries, why should such deadly pressure have been, required to secure them? Just one stroke of an autocrat's pen and the deed is done. The simplicity nnd ease of the act when it does come points the promRt question. Whs not years ago? For forty years the Polish people have groaned under the oppressive laws im posed as the punishment of their. Insur rection in the" early '60s. Under the Im minent danger of the Far Eastern War and of general insurrection at home, the heavy Russian foot Is lifted off the necks of nine million people. This Czar Is seemingly In the melting mood. Concession to the Poles, conces sion to the Jews, concession to the Finns, newspaper censorship relaxed, popular councils to be called together, personal liberty promised, police pow ers modified. Can it be that the world must modify its judgments on Nicholas n? One thing Is sure. It would be the hardest of all hard tasks for him to retrace his steps and rebind the bonds that he has loosed. REAL ENEMIES OF THE AUTOMOBILE. If owners of automobiles are wise, they will themselves take the initiative in securing rigid observance of the new automobile law. The reckless operator of an automobile Is the worst enemy the owners of these machines can have. It was the bicycle scorcher who recog nized no rights or privileges but those enjoyed by himself, that created preju dice against bicycle-riders in general. If owners of automobiles find that the public manifests a feeling of antag onism toward them. It will be because a few men- are willing to endanger hu man life for the gratification of their own desire for the sensation of rapid traveling. The automobile law Is uot unreason able. It permits a speed of twenty-four miles an hour on the country roads and eight miles an hour In .the thickly-settled part of a city. A machine must be reduced in speed to eight miles an hour when within 1W yards of a team, and must be stopped If- the driver of the team signals for such precaution. Most men will be willing to observe' these regulations, but a few will.. roL -The few will take the position that long as bo one is injured It makes no differ ence whether the law l observed or not. They will drive their machines at full speed past frightened horses and curse the stupidity of farmers who can't control their teams. They will scorch through city streets at twenty miles an hour and expect everybody to keep out of the way. When accidents occur they will go on their way un concerned and later stare in open mouthed wonder at the grieving- mem bers of a bereaved family. These few are the enemies of the au tomobile. The real friends of this new and useful vehicle will, be wise if they are vigilant and relentless in bringing their enemies to justice. It will not suffice to wait until a death or a broken limb "has resulted from recklessness, for then the prejudice against the automo bile owner will have been created. By securing strict enforcement of the law and the punishment of all violators, the decent automobile operator should pro tect himself in the exercise of his rights upon the highway. Reckless driving of automobiles will certainly bring about the enactment of a more stringent law. THE TRANS-ATLANTIC RACE. The great ocean race now in progress on the Atlantic will do more to awaken in the minds of our people an interest in maritime maters than all the fancy yacht racing engaged in during the past quarter of a century. The mod ern' racing yacht, through many years of association with fair-weather sailors, has degenerated 'into a simple racing machine toally unfit for any other pur pose than a speed contest In which all conditions and circumstances must be perfect. This was not the kind pf racing that gave America her prestige on the high seas or in the yachting game at home. Instead, it was those marvelous creations of wood, canvas and cordage which appeared in such large numbers about the time of the California gold excitement. It was some years before the age of steam navigation when their white sails glistened on every sea, and the trade for which they were built de manded the maximum of speed coupled with safety In all kinds of weather. These wonderful clippers made "good weather" wherever they sailed, and. whether wallowing In calms on the equator or plunging through the "roar ing forties' they were always good. comfortable, seaworthy ships. Their record-breaking performances in the China trade, around the Horn and in the Western Ocean filled their officers and crews with an enthusiasm which Is entirely missing In the crews that man the sailing ships of today. The Amer ican ship built "down in Maine," or In other localities on the Atlantic sea board, met and vanquished the famous composite tea clippers that brought fame and fortune to England, and It was the rivalry thus engendered that was in a large measure responsible for the establishment of yacht racing. This sport at its inception was carried on by Craft which were so constructed that they could race across the Atlantic or around the Horn if necessary, and the race now under way is the first move toward getting back to that kind of sport made in more than twenty-five years. Encouragement of this kind for ocean racing will. In time, bring back that hardy breed of seamen who followed the sea through love of the life of ex citement if offered. Modern yacht rac ing has degenerated Into a rich man's pastime, in which expenditure for a single contest Is greater than the cost of a small "fleet of the finest sailing ships afloat. The hands of our ship builders and designers have lost none of their cunning, and they can build finely modeled vessels which have great carrying capacity as well as speed. ' The fastest sailing vessel afloat today is the British ship Muskoka. owned by Portland man. Her records on some routes are better than those of the old- time clippers, and on account of her wonderful speed she has always proved a money-maker at times when low freights made It Impossible for. slower ships to be operated except at a loss The Muskoka is under the British flag because we will not permit her to fly the Stars and Stripes, and there are a number of other British ships that are nearly fast enough to keep her com pany. Now if the sporting blood of some of the millionaires who have handled the yacht racing game in this country would only become sufficiently aroused by the big race now on, they might ap propriate a sum equal to the cost of one of the Lipton contests and build a few American flyers of the Muskoka type and race 'round the world. This would not only prove a contest of merit, but. If they sailed out to China, to South Africa or Australia and return. there would be a profit on the trip for the freight carried, and National pride and enthusiasm would be aroused to such an extent that In time" we might have the restrictions which now bind the American merchant marine re moved, and we should again win the prestige we once held on the high seas, The sailing vessel will never again hold the position It once held in the carrying trade of the world, but it is not yet clear that the country which can build the fastest yachts and supply the best yachtsmen cannot make an equally good showing with a craft that is use ful as well as ornamental. A newspaper man, who owns a Ne grito boy for whom he paid $14, an nounces that he Intends to educate the lad as a test of American methods on Philippine uncivilized tribes. This re former will falL The boy can be taught the multiplication table, but that won't civilize him. He can learn spelling and astronomy.- but these wilr not educate him. It takes hundreds of years to civ ilize a savage. American- methods may be applied profitably to Japanese who have the heritage of centuries of clvlll zatlon. but one generation of contact with books and association with the best Teutonic Ideals will not change the moral structure of a .Negrito, any more than it will an Indian. 'There are some laws of Nature that you can' amend nor nullify. The. trend of German sympathy In the war in the Far East is disclosed by the Kaiser's speech in reviewing his troops at Strassburg a few 'days ago. Accord Ing to report, he declared that only be cause of the drunken and debauched condition of the Russian army was Its defeat by the Japanese at Mukden made possible. Evidently His Majesty takes no stock in the superior fighting qualities of the Mikado's soldiers as demonstrated on every battlefield In Manchuria thus far, or In the assump tion that. Imbued ""ivlth -unswerving patriotism, they are superior in the in centive to- fight to the soldiers of the Czar, yke re. t4iBt. but not enthu- stestlc; brave, but not patriotic; endur ing, but half-hearted. The soldiers of Japan are temperate and clean. It is well, .Indeed, for the Kaiser to urge his officers to emulate them. In industry and sobriety, but In so doing be need lessly Impugned the efficiency of the officers and the fighting qualities of the Japanese army. If the strength of the 'yellow peril" lies Jn the sobriety and clean habits of life of the little brown men of the Orient. It may not orove such a menace as "fear has conceived It to be. Strength thus based should be easily counterbalanced and held In check by the race that claims and Is ready to fight for supremacy. We have had all kinds of reform in Portland. For example, our politics has been reformed. The old-time con vention has been abolished, to the end that the boss and the machine might be put out of business, and the direct pri mary established. The reformers, who now want to reform the city, were fore most in the agitation for the direct pri mary. If we could only have the direct primary, all our troubles would be over. We have the direct primary. These same reformers put up a Republican candidate for Mayor, and he .- was beaten. Now they are crying aloud about it. They were "jobbed." They didn't have a fair show. So they bolt ed. They . held a citizens' meeting. They Indorsed a ticket. But the Pro hibitionists don't like it, and they have bolted the bolters. It's a poor rule that you can't make work your way. The death of Mrs. C. L. Hoover, wife of Professor Hoover, of the North Cen tral School. Is deeply regretted by all who knew her work and worth as an educator. Many young men and women who are now filling useful places In life came under the tutelage of Mrs. Hoover during the years In which she was a teacher in the Central School, and gratefully accord to her credit for the measure of success that they have al ready achieved. Discriminating and thorough In her work, her death Is a distinct loss to the educational force of the city in which she was for many years a prominent factor. The Inspir ing Influences of her life will far outrun the brief span of her years. It is not easy to understand Repre sentative cushman s -excitement over the land-fraud cases In Oregon. It Is quite proper for Mr. Cushman to believe that the defendants are Innocent until they are proved guilty if they should be proved guilty; but it Is scarcely necessary or becoming at the same time to denounce the officers of the United States Government who have brought about these Indictments. These officers were sent to Oregon by President Roosevelt, who has some standing even in Mr. Cushman's state. He car Tied it at the recent election by about 15,000 greater plurality than the Repub lican candidates for Congress. And now comes the report that "Uncle Joe" Cannon Is going to stand In with the President on tariff reform. When a big man from the great corn belt changes attitude on a vital public question, there must be something doing. The Chicago strike is practically over and 35 per cent of the strikers only will get their old Jobs back. There are sev eral -thousand men in Chicago who now naturally question the Denencent re sults of a strike. There ought to be some way to assure the casual visitor that not all the sa loons of Portland are at the Fair en trance, and not all the citizens of Portland are in the saloon business. Kuropatkln is a memory and Linie vitch is now about to fight Oyama. We shall see whether a Russian under any other commander will run as fast. Secretary Loeb declares that he never saw Miss Mae Wood. It Is a reasonable Inference from various acts of absence that he has no desire to see her. An exchange remarks that no one has yet seen a taint on Russell Sage's money. At last accounts no one had seen the money. Before the investigation is through Mr. Loomls will probably learn that It Is hard to touch pitch and not be de filed. Thlnkln' Back. James Whltcomb Riley, in Reader. I've been thlnkln back of late. S'prlsln'! And I'm here to state I'm suspicious It's a sign Of age. maybe, er decline Of my faculties, and ylt I'm not feelin" old a bit Any more than sixty-four Ain't no young man anymore! Thlnkln' back's a thing 'at grows On a feller. I suppose Older 'at he gets, 1 Jack. More he keeps a-thlnkln' back! Old as1 old men git to be. Er as middle-aged as me, Folks'll flnd us, eye and mind -Fixed on what we've left behind Rehabilitatln' like Them old times we used to hike Out barefooted fer the crick. Long 'bout Aprl first to pick Out some "warmest" place to go " In a-swlmmln' Ooht my-oh! "Wonder now we hadn't died! Grate horseradish on my hide Jes' a-thlnkln how cold them That-'ere worter must 'a ben!. Thlnkln back -"Wy. goodness-me! I kin call their names and see Every little tad I played "With, er fought, er was afraid Of. and so made him the best Friend I had of all the rest! Thlnkln back. I even hear Them a-callln. high and clear. Up the crick-banks, where they seem Still hid In there like a dream And me still a-pantln on The green pathway they have gone! Still they hide, by bend er ford Still they hide But, thank the Lord (Thlnkln hack, as I have said) I hear laughln' on ahead! Inheritance. Isabelle Ecclestone Mackay In" New Orleans Times-Democrat. There lived a man who raised his hand and . said, "I will be great!" And through a long, long life he bravely knocked At Fame's closed gate. A son he left who. like his sire, strove High place to win: Worn out. he died. and. dying, left no trace That he had been. He also left a son. who. without care Or planning how, .Bore the fair letters of a deathless fame Upon his brow. "Behold a- genius, filled with fire divine." : The people cried, - Not knowing that to make him what be-was Two men had died. ' ' ' " Memorial Day. McLandbu-rgh "Wilson Is Atlantic From oat eur crowded calendar" One day- we plaek to give: It Is the day the Dying pause 7s ,lwB.er t&eee wio 11 ye. : OREGOKJZONE. If a Panama wossaa Is a Pan. man. Then why Is a Panama hat? , By tbe hoofs 'of ' the goat on tie great rod Pan,. I ask. Where are we at? Mr. Watson, of Georgia, signs him- self Thomas E. Watson on the insid ' nf Ttlt Tnncrawln and Tftm Wntann nr the outside. Is this a plebeian Invita tion to a patrician revel? Bad Nauheim seems to be a g.ood place for sick people. Secretary Hay has recovered his health there and is coming home to help President' Roose velt hold down tho lid. Let us rejoice that Nan Patterson is going upon the- stage. Perhaps, that will keep her s"o busy that she will not have time to write a book. General Horace Porter dug up the bones of John Paul Jones, buried in France. Now tho Jamestown people want to disinter the dust of Pocahon tas, deposited in England. Does any body know the location of the grave of Adam? Andrew Lang has written a- new book called "Adventures Among Books." The reviews do not describe It as a thriller.. General Sherman -said that war Is hell, and General Sheridan remarked that Texas is worse than hell. If both these statements are true, what Is Chicago? The preachers hemmed and hawed In a fashion, sad to see; But they took the money. With John De Rocky's ways they couldn't quite agree; But they took the money. They argued this and that; the.y admitted thus and so; One ald. "Why. yes, yee, yes," and another "No. no, no!" But they took the money. Ills Nose Detected It. "Madam." said the tramp, handing" back the roast beef sandwich after raising it to his famished lips, "I- am obliged to return this gift; I am sorry, but I cannot accept tainted meat." Two Washingtons. Two strangers met yesterday at ai Portland hotel. In reply to a ques tion, one said: "I am from Washington." "Ah! so am I." replied the other, de lightedly. "Glad to meet somebody, from home. We may be near neigh bors. I live on H street Northwest; where do you live?" "In Klickitat County." A new magazine published at Omaha: Is called the Corn Husk. After you have read it you will think- it should have been named Shucks. Now It is asserted that Abraham Lincoln was not the author of tho famous saying attributed to him. "You can fool some of the people all of -the time," etc Phineas T. Barnum is said to have been the author. There is no doubt that Mr. Barnum was able to fool all" of the people some of the time and some of the people all of'the time. Certain saffron journals to the east ward -make a feature of a .daily essay by a "female writer whose name is Smith, but they run under her" name the explanatory line. "Granddaughter of Horace 'Greeley." No doubt this assists her style, and the Idea' furnishes a hint to any struggling writer who desires to add Interest to his work in the eyes- of those who require pedi greed literature. "Lineal Descendant of Adam" or "Direct Down From Noah" might suffice. Pocahontas has numerous descend ants, but the man whose life she saved can go her a thousand to one, if names are any criterion. - Comlii'?. They are coming from the eastward, where th streaks of dawn are struck; They, are coming from the Southland, where the negro runs amuck; They are coming from the prairies, whero the corn Is in the shuck: The crowd Is coming on. They are saving up the pennies for the trip across the plains; . They are buying new umbrellas, to be ready when It rains; They are poring over folders, with a view to taking trains: The folks are comingon. They are coming by the river, they ara pnmlnr bv the rail: They are sliding up the mountain, they ara elldlnrr throuzh the vale:. And the world will hear the tumult when the pilgrims hit the Trail: The Fair Is coming on. An Extravagant Start. "My daughter, I am sorry td see that you are starting out in married life In a very extravagant style," said a fond Port land papa, after inspecting the home of his newly-wed daughter from cellar ta attic. "Why, papal"' exclaimed the devoted bride, "how can you say that?" "I observe," said the parent, sternly, "that you are using parlor matches la your kitchen." A Mitigating Circumstance. Mayhap my sins are grievous; yea. i rear me monairuua m iuc Of God and man the red array Of deeds' that do my record blight;. They hurl me from Perfection's, height, A sinner sick with guile and yet, ' I swear me this, my sins despite, I never smoked a cigarette. My faults are as the leaves that fall In number, as the shifting-sands; I claim no righteousness at all: -I yield to .sundry strong demands -Of flesh; my soul is bound In bands By demons of the blood and yet, "With ail my faults, this record stands: I never smoked a cigarette. Sometimes. I know, my feet have trod Outside the'stralght and narrow" path; I am with human weakness shod ' (Like you but tell It not In Oath!): Though still I may escape the wrath And win my sours salvation yet, ' For this bright page my record hath; I never smoked a cigarette. So. Reader, take this little lay -And know you may be happy yet. If only you will watch, and pray . And never smoke a cigarette. ROBERTUS LOVS. Banker Blgelow's Disgrace. Kennebec Journal. After all. Banker Blgelow probabiy feels -his disgrace less "keenly . thaa ' he would if he had- been: guilty of strlkfag out in the last lankigwlth three saea n feasesv '".-.- -""