v. SI 1 i PANAMA, April fc (Special corr. or The Sunday Oregonlan.) Uncle Sam is likely to lose millions through the "Miss Nancys of Congress before the canal is completed. They have already begun their investigations of the petty emer gency purchases made by the Canal Com mission, and they Insist that everything shall be done by slow Government meth od backed by Congressional action. Such methods are all right in ordinary Govern ment business, but just now they are like great iron balls chained to the legs of the engineers, retarding their work at an enormous cost in money and, I might al most say, in life as well. Farther on in this letter I shall show how such delays have affected the hospitals and how they are retarding the actual work on the canal. At this initial stage the Govern ment cannot afford to be penny wise and jjound foolish. The work Is already start ed, and the high-priced men are on the ground. There is an immediate need of all sorts of supplies, and emergencies are 'bound to come from time to time which will demand the Immediate expenditure of comparatively large sums at a mo ment's notice. On such occasion's minor mistakes may occur, a few men may make more than an ordinary profit, but the saving in money and health will be enormous. A Loss or $20,000 a Day. The parents who have boys on the isth mus -0111 be Interested in the matter of health. The taxpayers are interested In pushing the work on the canal, for every day of delay will cost them at least $20, 000. We are to spend on the canal, includ ing the money we have already given the French, about $300,000,000. and it is es timated that it will take from ten to twelve years to built It At 3 per cent the annual interest cost on that sum will be equal to $9,000,000, but as the money will be gradually invested, the interest should be averaged from beginning to end, and it will be only half the above sum, or $4,500, vCOO a year. The engineers tell me that the cost of the engineering, administration, sanitation and general expenses, which will be about the same throughout the work, will approximate $2,000,000 a year, which, added to the $4,500,000. makes 56, 500,000 for these two elements for each year it Is building. This is the time value of the work. The moment the canal Is ddne this expense stops and the canal be comes a live account, instead of a dead one on our National ledger. Now, six and a half million dollars, divided by 300, means $20,000 for each work ing day, and that Is what the delay will cost us year in and year out. For every day that Congress haggles over the prices we shall have to spend $20,000. Every working hour will cost us $2000, and every working minute means a loss of more than $30, that loss going on at the rate of 50 cents per second at every watch tick the working day through. Is this the time to haggle about the cost of waffle ironsmuffln tins, hospital sup- plies and-blue print paper for the use of the engineers? I want to know. Red Tape at Panama. Indeed, Congress ie making sucha fuss about the petty Items of expense at Pan ama, that both the commission and the en gineers are afraid to buy the actual neces sities without a lot of red tape that makes their actual cost ten times as great as though they were bought at double prices. We are building and re pairing something like 3000 houses here. The other day an order was sent to Washington for 12,000 doors to be forward ed Immediately. The Panama department of material and supplies advised that they be purchased In the open market; bnt one of the commissioners tells me that they would not dare to do so, for Congress would surely investigate such an outrageous action. Other orders have &een made for picks and shovels, others for water pipe, machinery, large and small, and for a hundred other things which the work imperatively needs; but ships come and ships go. and the sup- &r. AX7ZC&?y caws. I'M?, plies are not -here. I understand that or ders were sent in for blue print paper months ago. All drawings and engineer ing reports are copied on this paper, and it is almost a necessity to the further ance of the work. I suppose it will come in time. As to the waffle irons and muflln tins, made much of In one Congressional inves tigation, they were probably the part of a furniture order. The United States gives quarters to Its American employes. It has already bought 400 or more sets of furniture for this purpose. It will need all sorts of ranges and kitchen supplies, and I suppose the Miss Nancys of Con gress will demand that each stove lid and stove holder be duly advertised for com petitive bids, while 1n the meantime our Eood American laborers may do their cooking on spits. As far as I can see there is no ex travagance here. The chief kicks among the men at the top are not on account of personal discomfort, but from the de lay which occurs in the lack ot tools for expediting their work. Story of Twelve Whitewash Brushes. Indeed all sorts of stories are- told here at Panama as to how red tape works in the Government service. A very perti nent one, which, however, I do not be lieve. Is the story of the 12 whitewash brushes. According to this one of the sanitary officers in the middle of the zone had sent in an order for" 12 men to come to his station to do some whitewashing to make the pJlace sanitary, and at the game time he sent in a requisition for 12 whitewash brushes. The men came all right, but the order for the whitewash brushes had to pass through the Govern ment malls and the clerks in charge first mailed a query to the sanitary agent as to whether nine whitewash brushes would not do quite as well. He replied that they would not. and In the course of two days the extra three brushes arrived. Washington Cadets Who Will Be Here at Opening of the Lewis PULIiMAN, Wash., April 20. (Special Correspondent of the Sunday Oregonlan.) The cadet battalion of the State College of Washington will hold their annual encampment in Portland during the great Lewis and Clark Exposition this Summer. Four infantry companies, a military band of 30 pieces, and the Signal Corps constitute the battalion, . whose entire strength .is SCO. A -special, Jrain over, ta THE SUNDAY "Ml til Meanwhile three men had been wa! itfrig"f for a chance to get In their work;", and their wages footed up many times xthe cost of the brushes. I might also tell the story of aTfeather duster upon which bids are alleged to have' been gotten at the Panama shops and other stories, but such things are only illustrative of Government methods which are better understood in Washing ton than here. The truth Is the men zx Panama use every means possible to get what they want for their work. Some of the employes even take money out of their own pockets and buy at the stores, trusting to he paid back In the future. The French supplies and machinery on hand have been of enormous value, and the French warehouses are ransacked to supply many deficiencies. A Business Administration. Indeed the enormous interest and work ing cost of building the canal demand that It should be pushed to completion as rap Idly as possible. We need- a modern busi ness administration, with modern business methods. We need men 'who will look at the commercial side of every proposition, as well as the technical and political sides. In order to shorten the time we should first adopt a careful, well-considered and comprehensive general scheme of work and then have an administration which will see that the labor, material and ma chinery necessary to vigorously prose cute that work are promptly furnished. This means that we must have a one man power at the head of all things connected with the construction of the canal, and that this power must be on the ground -with ability to meet emer gencies and with authority to act with out the delay Incident to making- re ports to some other authority 2000 miles away and without wasting1 one or two O. R. & N. has been definitely secured. It will leave Pullman either on the morn ing or evening of May 30, and will arrive in Portland in time for the cadets to make camp on the 31st of May. Then all will be in readiness for the opening exercises ofJune 1. It is not definitely known here whether or not the cadets will participate in the opening exercises. The State College battalion is taking a great interest -In the contests to be OREGCXNIAN, PORTLAND, 1" HAGGLING OV&K, THE it 3 'J t5- TP Wit."- months of waiting1 before any impor tant individual move can be made. It means that the ordinary restric tions of our routine government work should be modified, and that those which prevail In our great railroads and other business Institutions should take their place. It means the abolition of the re J tape which now holds as to such work, and that everything- should be done to hurry on the completion of the canal at the earliest possible moment. It means that we should have the best and most improved machinery, that no time should be waited In experimenting-, and that only machinery which has been ,in actual use and has stood the test of actual service should be em ployed. This is the idea of the engi neers here, and as I have shown. In describing- the handling- of the Culebra cut, it will make possible the comple tion of the canal in a comparatively short time. It seems to me tfiat if a man like the chief engineer were given entire charge of the work at Panama, with a large enough contingent fund to meet every possible emergency and with the authority to act in emergencies, as far as the isthmus is concerned; and if at the same time a man of similar ability and training could be placed under the Secretary of War and the President at the Washington end of the line the canal would go jumping from now on to the finish. This, of course, means consulting and advisory engineers for Mr. Wallace, and it also means plenty of assistance for the men at the other end, with the President at the head as the boss, of the whole. Some of the most serious delays, caused, I suppose by advertisements for bids, have been in supplying the hos pitals. Several of the doctors have told me that they have been out of drugs for a considerable time, but it was not held at the Fair in military drills with cadet corps of other Institutions. Bat talion drills arc becoming spirited, and the State College hopes to have the best drilled battalion on the grounds. Com pany drills are excellent, and each com pany here is expecting to be declared the best-drilled company there. Regular army officers who are to judge these con tests will also be asked to decide which is the best company of the college bat APRIL 23, 1905. 8 m mm m m ;4? ffOJPJTAIL until this morning that 1 had a detailed statement as to the lack of medical and aurglcal necessities. My informant is one of the American trained nurses who has been employed at Ancon for sev eral months. Said she: "We have had great trouble in get ting things of all. kinds on time. When the Americans took hold. supplies were sent down for a hospital of 100 beds, We have now 300 beds in use and no proportionate increase of supplies. -This means a lack of basins, rubber sheet lngs, lamps and lanterns. We have had only a few temperature thermometers. In my ward I had 23 patients and In order to get a thermometer to take their temperature I had to go to an other ward to borrow one. This was the case in other wards, and it so resulted that in one ward no temperature was taken from 1 P. M. until 9 A. M. the next day. The nurse in charge of that ward would nave had to go out In the dark, down the hill, through the trees to another ward to borrow a thermom eter. She was afraid and did not go, and I don't blame her- Such thermom eters cannot cost more than 50 cents uploce at wholesale. "Another thing we needed but could not get," the nurse went on. "was ab sorbent cotton and gauze. We ordered It from the United States, but It takes a month to get an ordinary purchase thrcugn, and for weeks we lacked this material to dress wounds and drain them. We use old mosquito netting for a time, and also bought cheese cloth of tlie Panama stores and tried that. The cheese cloth - contained starch, and, when It became dry. It would make a covering over the wound standing out from it. I do nofknow that any injury rosulted from this, but It was certainly a great annoyance to the doctors and nurses." "How about drug supplies?" I asked. talions, and this company will be awarded a silver cup, which is annually presented1 at Pullman. This will be separate from the inter-bajtallan contest. Guardmounting here has also been given a stimulus lately. Colonel Sapp is super vising this department. Each day an or derly is selected from the guard 'and Is excused from the following drL'J for the honor. The cadets are under the abltf. Instruc . . ' ita FKICE OF TTQFLET "We have been short of a number of Important medicines at times. We have been entirely out of arsenic, strychnine, potash and digitalis, and also of iron, iodine and similar drugs. One of the medicines we use is the elixir of qui nine, iron and strychnine. We were once out of that for weeks, and it was the same with Fowler's solution of arsenic." Xurses at Panama. "What kind of a position is that of trained nurse at Panama?" "It Is not an easy one and it is poorly paid," was the reply. "We nurses came here on the understanding that we should have all our expenses and $50 a month. We get $50, but there are so many inci dentals that there is very little of our pay left at the end of a month. We live at Ancon and have to have a cab every time we go to Panama to shop. This costs us about a' dollar a time, and the result Is from $S to $10 a month goes into cab fares. And then the washing. Only the uniforms can be done up at the hos pital laundrj'i and all the small articles that a woman must have, such as hand kerchiefs, laces, fine dresses, eta, must be washed outside. This-costs on the average about $3 per month. In addition there are many other expenses, so that all told, one makes much less here than at home. "The truth Is, the salary of a trained nurse at Panama, should be $75 or $100 per month, everything Included. I think the nurses would be satisfied with $75, but considering the work, the risk to health and the distance from home, $100 a month Is little enough. Such a salary would raise the standard of the nurses here, and .would bring the best. As It Is now we "are paid too little. Indeed, we get $25 per week when we nurse In private fami lies In the United States, and that usually in rich families where the comforts are far greater than here." "How many nurses arc there at Pan ama?" "I should, say about 40, and of these two-thirds are Americans and the rest Canadians. They are fairly good, but it is claimed that the salary is so low that the very best trained American nurses will not come. We have no nurses from Johns Hopkins, the University of Penn sylvania or the Blockley Training School of Philadelphia. We have some from Bellevue Hospital, New York, but none from the other large and well-known hos pitals of that city or Washington. Some of our nurses have served In Cuba and the Philippines, and we have one who went with Dr. Anita McGce to Japan and nursed in the hospitals there. The nurses are all conscientious and they all earn their salaries several times over." "Give me some idea of the character of your patients." "I don't like to speak about that." said the nurse. "That Is a sore subject with us. I am a Southern woman, and while I might possibly not object to eating dinner with Booker T. Washington, I would object to nursing the black serv ant who dug ditches in Booker T. Wash ington's back yard. Most of the wards are filled with the ordinary canal laborers, men who receive from 75 cents to $1 a day. They are largely Jamaica negroes, as black as a stove, and native Pana mans, many of whom are mulattoes. We have ten wards here, and of these only and Clark Fair tion of Captain Edward Kimmel, U. S. A. Artillery Corps, Captain Kimmel, who was recently In Portland to select the camp site is a graduate of the State College of Washington. He entered col lege from Washington and was cadet private Just the same as the rest of them. He went through the same things that he is now instructing- the cadets in. He graduated in 1S38 and was appointed sec ond Lieutenant by President McXiuiey, m 1 one Is devoted to the American employes on the canal; the other nine are occupied by the people I have described. They are of a lower class than can be found in the charity wards of our city hospitals. Some of them have diseases which are loathsome to an extreme. The patients are almost all men, and many of them are such that a woman should not be asked to touch them." 3Iore Money Needed for Sanitation. I understand that more money Is needed here for sanitation. The sanitation offi cers asked for $2,000,000 to clean up the isthmus, but they were given only one fourth that amount. They estimated that it would take $75,000 to clean Pana ma, and about one-third that sum was allowed. The supplies needed have been promptly ordered, but the necessity of advertising for bids has caused a delay In the orders being filled, and in the meantime the hospitals have gotten along as well as they could, patronizing to some extent the Pans-m;- drugstores at considerably higher prices than similar orders would have coat in the United States. It seems to me that the sanitary force here Is excellent. The corps of doctors embraces some of the best men of their profession, and both doctors and nurses are doing earnest and conscientious to the matter of supplies, one of the doctors recommends that a .medical pur veyor be put at the head of the medical supply department for Panama at New York, and that he be paid $o000 a. year. This man would be in close connection with the hospitals here, and would keep In touch with the markets at home. He would see that Panama has always a full month's hospital supplies In ad vance, and a large. enough reserve sup ply to meet any emergency. Indeed, some such provi ion would seem to be almost a necessity In the present condi tion of the Isthmus. (Copyright, 1S05.) FRANK G. CARPENTER. Willing to Oblige. Sydney (N. S. W.) Bulletin. I was walking In a Northern Maori land township one morning, when a wom an rushed frantically from a house. A weary Individual was a bit ahead of me; seizing him by the arm. the woman im plored him to run for the doctor, as her husband had accidentally swallowed some poison. A bicycle stood by the gate; sighting it, the female breathlessly asked: "Chu you ride a bike?" The mon ument deliberately looked It over as he lit his pipe, then replied: "Well. no. missus; but it wouldn't take me long to learn." Elghtcen-Ineh 3Ioustache Burned Up Seaford Corr. Philadelphia Record. While burning brush on his farm here today William Walnwright discovered the fire was threatening his home, and in at tempting to check the flames was badly burned, losing his moustache, measuring 18 Inches from tip to tip. Dewey, his pet dog. soemed to realize the danger, and worked heroically to extinguish the fire by beating it with his paws. Waln wrlght's mustache has been his pride for 30 years, and he had trained It wonder fully. He could easily draw it to the back of his neck and tie a knot in It. fought In the Philippines and came back to Fortress Monroe, where he was soon made Captain of Artillery. Captain Kim mel is only 27 years old and was assigned to the college here only after persistent efforts by President Bryan, who wanted an army officer who had himself been a common cadet like the rest of the bat talion. He Is very popular with the command because he understands hia men; yet he Is astrict disciplinarian,. t'