itttiitj Jj 45 PAGES PAGES I TO 12 VOL. XXIV 3ST0. 17. PORTLAND,. OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 23, 19057 PRICE FIVE CENTS: WHEAT DEAL IS f ITS GU MAX Gates Sacrifices Win nings on May. . PREPARES FOR . JULY DEAL Frantic Rushcto Sell Causes Scenes oiFrenzy. PRICE GOES BELOW DOLLAR Gates Clique Combine With Armour io Stop Shipments by Depress ing "Price, and Buys Great Quantities for July. FAMOUS WHEAT CORKERS. Corners have been run In -wheat on the Chicago market as follows: ISO" On May 18 prices were forced to $2.85, but closed at $2.10. The for mer Is the highest price reached on wheat alnce the Civil War. 1871 In August prl2es were advanced to $1.30. but closed at J1.10&. 1872- Durlng August -wheat sold to $1.61.- but closed at $1.10. 1880 During May -wheat was at $L12 to S1.10 and closed at $1.14. 1SS1 August wheat prices advanced from $1.10 to $1.38. and cloeed at $1.38. 1 1882 A corner -was run In April, June, July and September. 16S7 In June the memorable Cincin nati combination to corner wheat de veloped. Prices were advanced from 80?i to 04 cents, but the market col lapsed and declined to 63 c"ents. 1SSS It was In September that "Old Hutch" managed a successful corner, wheat selling from 80?J cents to $2, 'top prices reached the closing day. 1808 Joseph Letter ran his famous corner In May wheat. The price woe advanced to $1.85. The corner was not succesbfuL. Leitcr Is estimated to haye -lout $10,000,000. 1002 In September a successful 'cor- ner was run. -wheat soiling "ur, to 05 t. cents and closing at that figure. 100403 Gat en corner, -running- price from 87 cents to $1.2fU, finally break ing to 08 cents. CHICAGO, April 22. One of the most celebrated deals ever known on .the Chi cago Board of Trade came to a climax to day. A daring effort by John W. Gates and associates to control all of the wheat available in America for delivery during the month of May was apparently ended today with a wholesale sacrifice of pros pective profits to escape possible huge losses on existing investments. Inci dentally the result was one of the wildest sessions ever (witnessed in the Chicago wheat pit. At one time prices showed a loss of 11 cents a bushel for the day, the price of the option being driven down in a sensational series of rushes to cents per bushel. The closing was $1, as against $1.23 less than six weeks ago. General opinion tonight is to the effect that Gates and his friends emerged from the battle with but little. If any, actual loss. Gossip insists that they effected an alliance with Armour and other leading traders whereby the Gates party, while obliged summarily to liquidate May wheat on an enormous scale, were nevertheless fully protected on the prior operations of the allies in both May and later options. Prepare for July Wheat Corner. Another view of the situation, according to some observers, is that the new group ing of astute speculators, including the redoubtable Gates, has cleared the road for a still more gigantic corner in wheat for delivery during July. The Ideajs that the higher price heretofore prevailing for May wheat Induced a scouring of the y country by grain traders to secure wheat to sell to the bull leaders. By dropping the price 10 cents a bushel today, the speculators assumed to be in control have made it clear that, if the country is raked over for wheat to bring here, they mean to buy It at a figure of their own mak ing. The rushing of tne price down to day, it was argued, was more drastic ac tion than was. for the moment, at least, required by the Gates and Armour in terests, the result being that they ac cordingly Jumped the price back to $1 a bushel. The Gates party, it -Is said, had figured that the movement to market would be practically exhausted before May arrived. The factor that is alleged to have caused them to give up the deal was the steadi ness with which heavy shipmonts from the interior continued, the disappointing, long-drawn-out dullness of the flour de mand, and the apparent unconcern of the millers. Aside from this, the Increase of receipts here was a decidedly bearish factor, ar rivals of wheat here for the week making a total of 740,000 bushels, against 310,000 bushels, last week and 203,000 the corre sponding week a year ago. Such heavy re ceipts were quite generally regarded as plain proof that the high price of the May option was bringing in grain that would ordinarily go to St. Louis, Kansas City. Minneapolis and other centers. Wild Scenes in Pit. AScenes attending today's startling de cline wore such as are seldom witnessed in the world's greatest wheat pit. Al most frenzied with anxiety, the traders awaiting the opening bell huddled like steers about to stampede. The sound of the big bell was the signal for a mighty roar of voices, a din possibly never before equaled, according to men who were pres ent at the stormy sessions that marked the most exciting periods in the famous Lelter and Harper deals. Clothing was torn, hats smashed and bodies bruised la the frantic efforts of the traders to sell the grain. Shorts had apparently com pletely covered, and longs. little and large, hurled their grain at the hands that were closed against it. Nobody seemed to want May wheat above $1. When $1 was reached, the wild roar that marked the opening was doubled in volume. Selling: May, Buying; July. But, while the near-by option was plunging downward, there was a steady buying movement going In July. Brok ers, presumably working for Armour and his associates, whether including Gates or not, were taking on liberal lots of the later option. In one hour alone lavas' estimated that these brokers had bought more than 3,000.000 bushels. This buying of July promptly frightened .shorts to cover, they believing that the Gates forces and the Armour crowd had combined to bull the month at the expense of the hard-hammered May. Tonight it was es timated that 5,000,000 bushels of the May delivery were unloaded here and at Min neapolis. Losses 3Iay Be Millions. Some of the brokers estimate that the losses on the entire bull campaign must foot up in the millions. All the sales to day from $1.03 down to 9S cents repre sented losses of .from 5 to 15 cents a bushel. It is stated that when Mr. Gates was called from the city by the death of his father early this "week the entire manage ment of the deal -was turned over to the Armour-Valentine interest, which had long been thought to be merged with Mr. Gates, but had not until this time come into the open. Associated with Mr. Gates before the Armour interest stepped in are said to have been Isaac L. Wood, D. G. Reid, C. M. Schwab, C. W. Spencer, the St. Louie leader; A. D. Thompson, the Duluth leader; H. L. Little, of the great Pills bury milling interests of Minneapolis, to gether wlth Robert Pringle, John Slckel and other local traders in Chicago. Sympathetic Fall in New York. NEW YORK, April 22. There was a big drop in the price of May wheat in this market today. In sympathy with the sen sational decrease in the West, the price broke here 4 cents a bushel. May selling at 99 cents, against $1,041 on Thursday. The impression here was that the May deal was practically over, and that only the final details remained to be adjusted. FLIES WITH HER FIRST LOVE GIRL'S 3IIXD CHANGES AT THE JuAST'MINCJTE.. . - . iLoclii'iivar Brings Fast JElorscs, und the Man With the JjlcenseFlnds ?- Bird Has Flown. UKIAH, Cal., April. 22,-(Special.)-T wo hours before the time set for her mar riage to Will Allen, of Fort Bragg, Miss Anna Carmichael, also a resident of that place, eloped with John Carey, a former lover, who arrived Just in time for the "young Lochinvar" performance. Mr. Allen and Miss Carmichael were to have been married at 6 o'clock Monday evening. Until midnight on Sunday they had been at work completing the ar rangement of the furniture in the home that Allen had provided. Both believed that they were to bo exceedingly happy in that new home, and the expectation might have been reallzeu, had not Mr. Carey .suddenly appeared on the scene. Just before the time appointed for the wedding, Mr. Allen and the minister went to the home of the Carmichael family. But instead of being joyfully received by the promised bride, they were met at the door by the young woman's mother with news of the elopement. Mrs. Carmichael tearfully related that at 4 o'clock that afternoon her daughter had ran away with Carey, the earlier lover. The might-have-been mother-in-law seemed shocked and grieved by the sudden change in the plans, and Mr. Allen and the clergyman certainly were so. Like Lochinvar and his fair Ellen, when they outraced the Graemes of the Neth erby clan, young Carey and the fair Anna fled as fast as horses could carry them. They came to Uklah and were married, and they . are still here, the bride seeming as happy as any bride can be. HAY STEADILY IMPROVING Able to Wnlk Freely and Takes Baths for Nerves. WASHINGTON. April 22. A private let ter received here today from Secretary Hay, written from Nervi, states that he is progressing steadily toward complete recovery. He has a physician who thor oughly understands his case, and as one result of his ministrations the Secretary has been able to resume his daily walks, of which he Is very fond. He wrote that, having secured the ex pected benefits from the baths and clU mate at Nervi, he was about to proceed In a few days, via Milan, to Bad Nau heim to complete the course of treatment for his nervous system outlined by his physician. BAD NAUHEIM. Germany, April 22. Secretary of State John Hay and Mrs. Hay arrived here today 'from Nervi, Italy, to take the waters. They will remain here several weeks. WHITE'S ACQUIT NEGRO. Jury RepHdiatcs Testimony ef Another African, "Who Snld He Saw Deed. JACKSON. Miss., April 22. For the first time In the history of Mississippi, a negro charged with criminal assault has been acquitted by a Jury of white men. Stew art Johnson, a negro, was yesterday tried, on the charge of assaulting Miss Mamie Marsh, a young white woman, in the heart of Jackson, two months ago, and although Jake Turnbull. another negro, swore that he saw Johnson commit the deed, the jury did not believe him, and at midnight re turned a verdict of acquittal. Judge Miller was called up and dis charged the prisoner, with the Injunction to get out of town, which he did oa the first train. HUM ATTITUDE TOWARDS KAISER Result of Delcasse's Decision to Retain French Foreign Portfolio. CABINET IS AGAIN" UNITED Persuasion of Loubet and Rouvlcr Succecdsnd'France Will Tte slst Demands of Germany 3 Regarding Morocco. PARIS, April 22. Yielding to the per sonal solicitations and representations of President Loubet and the leaders of the government that his retirement would bo a serious matter at this time, M. Delcasse today advised Premier Rouvier that he would withdraw his resignation as For eign Minister. This was after strong as surances had been given that the Minis try would support his foreign polio. During the conferences today between the Premier and M. Rouvier and M. Del casse the latter said.' he would retain the portfolio of Foreign Affairs only In case the entire Cabinet approved of Tils foreign policy, which he would carry out accord ing to his view. The authority necessary to carry on; negotiations with the powers was ineffective if such negotiations led to reserves or divergencies among the mem bers of the Cabinet. The purpose of tho intended Cabinet meeting was to remove every scruple In the mind of the Foreign Minister concerning the loyalty of sup porting him. M. Delcasse gave as his answer today that he would remain. As a result of his decision the specIaL Cabi net Council, which was called to meet this afternoon, was abandoned. Firm Attitude to Germany. M. Delcassc's staying in the Cabinet Is expected to result In a firmer attitude to ward Germany than heretofore has been shown. The Foreign Minister's policy has been to give Germany adequate assur ances that her interests !n Morocco would be treated the same as those of the rest of the world, but after making these ap proaches he did not desire to yield France's entire project concerning Moroc co at the dictation, of Germany. It is said that some members of the Cabinet shared thenjew. that a grave issue with Germany might result from too Arm an Insistence on the French Moroccan -policy, and M. Loubet is also credited -with the desire not to have the Moroccan Issue drift into dangerous complications. Only the Socialists and Radicals openly ex pressed this view in the Chamber of Dep uties, but the more influential sentiment was that immediately surrounding M. Dei casse. He felt, therefore, that it was useless to proceed without the strong support of his colleagues representing the government, and if a temporizing policy with Germany was desired someone else should assume the responsibility. Conse quently his offer to resign was Interpreted as a triumph for Germany, whereas his determination to remain is interpreted as a check- to German designs. Will 31ake No Concessions. The feeling over Germany has naturally become much more acute as a result of the Incident. Many Deputies who have been Interviewed on the subject say that M. Delcasse's resignation at this time would be equivalent to France's making an open and humiliating concession to Germany. The Cabinet's cotlrso in giving united support to M. Delcasse insures him a strong moral and material backing in continuing the Moroccan policy. He has already opened overtures with the Ger man Ambassador, designed to give Ger many ample explanation. Germany has not yet shown an inclination to respond to these overtures. While continuing this conciliatory attitude, M. Delcasse Is now In a polltlon to resist Germany's apparent purpose to secure the complete abandon merit of the French Moroccan policy. Strong Friend of America. The strong friendship of M. ' Delcasse for tho "United States is everywhere recog nized among the American officials here. His relations with Ambassador Porter have been peculiarly close. Only rccently M. Delcasse remarked that he wished General Porter would remain here until he also retired. Last week General Por ter gave a large oil portrait of himself to M. Delcasse as a mark of his esteem. The semi-official Temps says tonight of the result of the incident: "It affirms that In the presence of eventualities, which are serious but not desperate, the government is united.. It will also testify that a compaign of a foreign country, no mat ter how ably It may .be conducted, Is without effect on Internal affairs in France. These are two essential points which the incident makes perfectly clear." -Deputy do Pressense (Socialist), who is the chief critic of French policy on the neutrality question, has given -put a statement that since M. Rouvler's In itiative has resulted in the issuance of energetic orders for the preservation of the neutrality of Indo-Chlna waters, he considers it desirable that M. Del casse should retain his portfolio; at least for the present. SCHEME - OF CLIQUE FOILED Clcmcnccau and Associates Tried to Drag Down Delcasse. PARIS, April 22. M. Delcasse, to the great relief of all France with the ex ception .of his political opponents. In formed Premier Rouvier "this afternoon that he would not Tesign the -portfolio of Forejsn .Affairs. It Is said the Min ister's resignation was the result of a mere parliamentary game, while tho public heartily condemns Clemonceau and others, who. In order to live up to their reputation- of redoubtable Cabinet-smashers, did not hesitate to ex pose the security of the country's In terests. "This was a serious moment for France," said ex-Premier Combes this afternoon. "The patient work of seven years, which has resulted in France's first rank among the world's peace makers and civllizers, camo near be ing destroyed by men who do not un derstand a tithe of what Delcasse knows about conducting international relations." London Glad Delcasse Will Stay. LONDON, April 22. The decision of M. Delcasse to retain control of the Foreign Affairs office . of France jvas received with marked pleasure in political circles In London,''whcre his constant efforts to prevent the spread of the Far Eastern conflict and smooth away Anglo-Russian causes of friction are ungrudgingly ac knowledged.- s CONTEWfS TODAY'S PAPER Tie Weather. TODATS Fair. Northerly wind. YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, TS degr.; minimum, 40. Precipitation, none. The War la the Far "Eat. Russian, fleet leaves Kamranh Bay. Page 1. 7050's fleet awaits Russians off Formosa and battle is near. Pace 1. Russia accused of duplicity In sending- se cret -orders to fool France. Page 1. Japan says she would be justified In attack ing fleet in Kamranh Bay. Page 8. Ruisla. Plot to murder Czar discovered among Im perial Guard. Page 3. Czar lampooned in 'music halls. .Page 3. Poisoned bullets and daggers for police. Page 3. Foreign. Delcasse finally agrees to retain office, which means resistance to Germany In Morocco. Page 1. Peru and Chile may have war. Page 3. Marriage allowance for German Crown Prince. Page 2. National. Bureau of American Republics turns down President. Page 9. Canal Commission calls for railroad' men. Page 0. Controversy about burial place for Paul Jones. Page 8. President Roosevelt moves camp. Page 1. Death of Senator Piatt -removes bar to Alaskan delegate in- Congress. Page 3. Secretary Taffs policy regarding Sand Island. Page 3. Politics. Bryan predicts Government ownership of railroads. Page 0. Domestic. Mar wheat corner, collapses, but July corner Is started. Page 1. Official 'announcement, that Western Pacific with Oakland terminal will be Coast out let for Gould system. Page ,8. Chicago woman believed to be only heir to 550.000,000, Page 3. Arbitration rejected In Chicago strike. Page 8. New York building trades adopt arbitration. Page 8. ,'..... Seattle, woman in search of busbandis mur derer." Page 2. " Robber attacks prosecuting lawyer In court. Page 4 , Equitable agents declare war to death on Hyde. Page.2.'' Jrand Jury subpenas bank officials to testify against beef trust. Page 0. Sport. Portland defeats Los Angeles 3 to 3. Page 16 Fans discuss baseball situation. Page 16. Plans for coming bench show. Page 16. True Wing- captures Kansas City Derby. Page 16. Teams are tied in lnterscholastic league. Page 16.' War among promoters endangers Brltt- Whlte'mlll. Page 17. Western bowlers will recede from National Association. Tage 17, Association football games 'are in prospect. Page 17. Multnomah men confident that Bottler will win at Seattle. Page 17. Centralla to hold trap shoot. Page 17. Aquatic sports haVe many devotees. Page 28 Tennis season has bright outlook. Page 32. Pacific Coast. Sheep slaughter In Klamath points to more terrorism in Central Oregon. Page 5. California chtldren pound Infant and 6-year- old Into Insensibility with a brick. Page 4. Miss Birdie McCarty and companions driven from claim by man with a rifle. Page 4. Montana pastor sues his deacon, who says he is crazy and dishonest. Page -L Ollin Cooper, child actress. Is very HI. Page 4. California girl runs away with first love on day of marriage . to another. Page 1. Commercial aad Marine. Break of lll.j cents In May wheat at Chi cago. Page 35. Local wheat market 'weakened by slump in East. Page 35. California prunes will yield only halt a crop. Page 35. Steamer Sea; Foam collides with and wrecks schooner Del Norte oft Coqullle. Page 5. Russian hay business ends with sailing of steamer Sandhurst. Page 5. Portland and dnUy. Mystery of the grant of a liquor license to a scow troubles Councilmen. T- .. Igorrotes will not come to the Exposition. Page 13. Salvation Army officer pleads for financial aid for Rescue Home. Page 11. Plan now 1 to swear in votes at -the pri mary of electors not registered. Page 11. Realty market continues active. Page 10. Objection made at Republican gathering to turn meeting Into Albee boom is sus tained. Page 11. Jallbrcak is stopped by a 15-year-old trusty. Page 13. Medical Association will hold congress at the Fair. Page 24. Exhibitors who are not ready at time ap pointed will forfeit space at Exposition. Page 10. Plan formed to keep rates for rooms during the Fair at reasonable figure. Page 10. Rlners now threaten to bring civil action against their accusers. Page 24. Oregon Development League has extensive plans. Page 11. Features and Department. Hitting the Trail. Page 20. Editorial. Page 8. Church announcements. Page 86. Classified advertisements. Pages 19-23. Archbishop Christie's Easter message. Page 3S. Dr. Newell-Dwlght Hlllls' Easter discourse. Page 39. Pastor Charles Wagner's Easter sermon. Page 38. Growth of the Easter spirit. Page 39. Can a woman dress on $63 a year? Page 4L Dick and the Humane Society., -Page 33. Photographic exhibit. Page 40. . Andrew Carnegie's letter. Page 4L Sherlock Holmes. Page. 46. ' Tales from Dickens. Page 44. . Peck's Bad Boy. Page 47., - ' Frank G. Carpenter's letter. Page 34. Social. Pages 30-31. v Dramatic. Pages 23-31. - Musical. Page 18. . Household and fashions. Pages- 42-43. . . . - Youth's department. Page 43. FLEET LEAVES Rojestvensky Sailing North ward, and Will Soon Fight Togo's Ships. RUSSIAN DUPLICITY FEARED Secret Orders Alleged to Frequent French Waters, Despite Promise Given Fraricc--Togo Walts South of Formosa. STRENGTH OF FLEETS . IN GUNS. WASHINGTON April 22. In a compilation of figures on the com parative strength of the Russian fend Japanese fleets, made by naval au thorities here, the balance of gun power Is greatly In favor of the Jap anese. In big guns and small the Russians are generally outnumbered, and though the Russians have the greater number of battleships the Japanese have two or three times ,as many armored and portected cruisers as the Russian fleet. Few officers of the Navy Depart ment care to predict what .the out- come of the apparently . imminent battle will be. They seem to think that Rojestvensky will light and that he is now prepared to meet Togo. f The following table of the number of guns in each fleet has been com plied by the Navy Department: Russia Japan. 12.6-lnch 3 24 12-inch 20 L 10-lnch 5 8-inch 34 U2 6-inch 196 20 4.7-lnch 04 134 12-pounders 230 0-pounders 46 187.., 31.1-poundera 150 Another condition considered greatly In favor of the- Japanese Is the ex perience of the personnel of the vari ous ships and the service their ships have seen. At least four of the Rus ' slan battleships are- new, and their faults. haVe never been found unless Rojestvensky discovered them while In the Indian Ocean. On the other hand the Japanese have been lighting with the warships for over a year, ' and have undoubtedly seen all of their weak points and corrected them. A naval officer in discussing the sit uation said: ' " ..'The' result of the" battle depends upon the ability of the gunners. Ja pan has the. advantage of having her ' ships manned with veterans. Rojest vensky may be all right himself, but he canriot do It all alone." PARIS. April 22 The French gov eranitBt has been, officially Informed that VIce-Admlral Rojestvensky's squadron left ICnmrnnh Hay today. Tho deRtlnatlon of the Mqundrtm I.i unknown. PARIS. April 22. The Foreign Office has received advices from the Admiral in com mand of the French squadron in French Cochin China stating that Rojestvensky's Baltic fleet sailed north from Kamranh Bay on Saturday. This information was received by the French with a show of great pleasure, as there Is no feeling here to countenance any disregard of neutral ity by France. It Is believed in Paris that the.promlsedi naval encounter between the fleets can not much longer be delayed'. French naval experts who have followed the sit uation profess to believe that the out come will be a demolishing of the Jap anese fleet, to be followed by the ravaging of the coast of Japan by the Russians. Inasmuch as tne advices relative to the announced departure of the Russian fleet come from Foreign Minister Delcasse, they arc believed to be worthy of cre dence. JAPAN HAD RIGHT TO ATTACK. Hayasht Saya .French Delay Might En danger French Property. LONDON, April 22. Baron Hayashi, the Japanese Minister to Great Britain, said to the Associated Press today: "I do not think the Japanese note to the French government could be termed a protest- It simply calls the attention of France to Vice-Admiral Rojestvensky's long stay In Kamranh Bay. Unfortunate ly discussion of the matter occupied con frfdcrablc time before the French govern ment secured the riddance of unwelcome guests, and serious injury will have been done. "Japan knows thit the French govern ment was not an active party to the har boring of the Rusilan Pacific squadron, but the inactivity cf France had reached a serious stage and we would have been perfectly justified ii attacking the Rus sian squadron in Xamranh Bay. The three-mile rule under which France de fends her Inactivity wag the distance rec ognized as shore weters when three miles was the maximum range of guns. The" range pf big guns today la 20 miles. Should Admiral Tog attack the Russians In Kamranh Bay, nany projectiles, would fall oa French shores." This Is one of the points which were under discussion In Par la" DEEP DUPLICITY OF RUSSIA. Secret Orders to Rtjeatvensky to Stay la Frentk Ports, -j CHICAGO, April 22 (Special.) The St Petersburg corresponcent of the Chicago Dally News says: "Russia welcomes hternatlonal compli cations 'In the Far East as likely to aid her' in .getting out of her difficult position without loss of preslse. Rojestvensky has received orders rot to heed protests', but to remain In French ports. The Black Sea and fourth squadrons are being tttted out simultaneously." Commenting on the foregoing, the News says editorially: "While this cable In a certain manner contradicts the Associated Press reports on the same subject, it comes from a cor respondent of the Daily News who has shown himself in touch with the highest authority In St. Petersburg and who, through, long residence In that capital, has a thorough understanding of Russian ways. It is altogether likely that Russia, being In desperate need of ports In which to coal, clean and repair the Baltic fleet, will take advantages of every tendency in her favor: will strain the complacency of her French ally to the utmost and defy International law, which Is an uncertain quantity in any case. "Bearing this In mind, it is to be under stood that there may be two sets of orders fropi St. Petersburg one to muddle the International public, and the other of vital significance to Rojestvensky." .FRENCH ADMIRAL ON SCENE. Hobs Konjr Inslata Fleet Hna Not Left Knmranh Bay. SPECIAL CABLE. HONG KONG, April 23. According to a cablegram from Saigon, received here to day, the Russian fleet has not yet left Kamranh Bay. There are 50 vessels in the roadstead and harbor. Admiral JonquIere3 and the French Ad miral in charge of the Far East station visited Rojestvensky today in the cruiser Descartes. The Russians are expecting their 'third squadron under Nebogatoff shortly. It Is expected that the Bal.ic fleet will remain at Kamranh Bay for two weeks, unless something untoward happens. It Is thought one part of the fleet will en gage the Japanese main squadron, while the other will make a detour and en deavor to break into Vladivostok. Foreigners have commented adversely on the fact that the French arc giving the Russians every facility for provision ing and coaling. GOVERNOR ENFORCES ORDERS. Only Allow Runsfnn Steamers Lim ited Quantity of Coal. SAIGON. French Cochin China, April 22. The Chief of Staff here, acting under orders from Governor-General Beaur to day inspected four Russian steamships, which were about to load a large cargo of coal. The French authorities refused to permit the vessels to take on cargoes and allowed them only an amount of coal strictly necessary for the voyage to the nearest port. SEAT FOR JUS LATE SENATOR PLATT WAS" THE ONLY OBSTACLE. Bill May Xotv Be Passed .in Senate Providing for Delegate From .Alaska'ln Congress. OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash ington. April 22. The death of Senator Piatt, of Connecticut, probably means that next Winter a bill will be passed giving Alaska a delegate in Congress. Cushman's delegate bill would have passed the last session had it not been for Piatt. When the Senate committee was ready to report. Piatt served no tice that it would be useless, for he would defeat the bill. Inasmuch as he had It In his power to carry out his threat, no action was taken, though the bill had twice passed, the House. As Platt was the only Senator serious ly opposed to an Alaska delegate. It is believed such a measure can pass next Winter. Piatt's death will elevate to the chairmanship of tho judiciary cdm mittce Senator Clark, of Wyoming. This Is the first time a Western man has had such an important chairman ship. The judiciary Is the most impor tant committee in the Senate. BIG ESTATE FOR HARVARD W. F. Milton's Property Goes to Col lege After Wife's Death. PITTSFIELD. Mass.. April 22. (Special.) According to the executor's bond, filed here today, the late William F. Milton, of Pittsflcld and New York, whose fortune goes to Harvard University, left an estate valued at Jl.300,00"). Of this amount $1,125, 000 is in personal property and J175.000 in real estate. This estate does not go to Harvard until after the death of Mrs. Milton, so that under skillful management it will, no doubt, greatly increase. The beneficiaries under the will arc: Mrs. George Worthlngton, wife of the bishop; Theodore S. Autton. of San Fran cisco; Misses Amelia H. and Edith M. Komsaat, of New York. JEFFERSON RESTS EASILY Condition the Same as On the Pre ceding- Evening. WEST PALM BEACH, Fla.. April 22. The following bulletin was fssued ,at 10 P. M. by Frank Jefferson, son of Joseph Jefferson: "Mr. Jefferson's condition is not so fa vorable as this morning, but Just about the same as last night. He is resting quietly." Train Strikes Bravo Autoistts. COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo., April. 22. Mrp. Katie Hatcher, wife of a wealthy cattleman of Fountain, was killed and her husband seriously injured this evening by bcln;r struck by a Missouri Pacific oassen- ger train while their automobile waa cross ing the tracks. The machine gave out in climbing up the railroad embankment and came to a stop on the .track. The couple tried to push the machine off the track to prevent wrecking the train, when the engine struck Mrs. Hatcher, throwing her 200 feet. Morgan Has Audience WItli Pope. ROME, April 22. The Pope today re ceived J. P. Morgan In private audience. Mr. Morgan afterward visited the Papal Secretary of State, Cardinal Merry del VaL JA1LBREAK IS STOPPED BY BOY Fifteen-Year-Old Lad Cows Prisoners. POINTS REVOLVER AT THEM Frank Selee's Heroism Keeps the Criminals In. THREATENS THE CONVICTS After Driving the Men Back Into the Cbrrider' With His Weapoa Ills Shouts Bring Deputy Sheriff to Scene. With a revolver which he had taken from the office drawer, Frank Selee, a boy trusty, last night about 7 o'clock pre vented 25 criminals In the County Jail from regaining their freedom. The door, which held the -prisoners In the back cor ridor, had been sprung, and the men. were preparing for a rush when Selee con fronted them. "Stand back," he com manded, at the same time leveling his revolver at one of the prlsoner who had crosued the threshold. Those who were nearest the boy fell back and Selee called to Deputy Sheriff J. S. Downey, who was In another .part of the jail. One prisoner escaped before Selee could get the revol ver, but he was recaptured. The floor of the jail had bepn scrubbed during the day, and in the evening the prisoners were confined la the back cor ridor, which opens Into the main" corridor. Two doors separate the two apartments. One door was open, but the second was closed. Murphy, who is serving a year for larceny, succeeded in working the lock and dashed Into the main corridor and from there went through tho back Jaoor of-ih'e kitchen out into the yard. Selee, who was In the main corridor, real ized when Murphy dashed, by hint that all the prisoners could escape. He ran to the office, grabbed a revolver from the desk lust In time to confront another of the prisoners. He threatenedf to shoot If he did not comply with his. demand and. the prisoner retreated. Sev eral other men started to escape, but they say that Selee was determined and they Cell back, muttering imprecations atrthe brave boy. When Downey appearedjjpa answer to the call of the boy the prison-? ers were thoroughly subdued, but severalr of them were heard to say that they would fixe the boy If they ever got hold of him. Selee. who Is 15 years of age, had a very narrow escape, as he would un doubtedly have been killed had not tho prisoners who were the foremost in the rush showed cowardice. The rest of, the prisoners, who could not see ahead, thought that Downey was tho one that confronted them, and were very angry, when they found out that a small, boy had baffled them. Selee was cool and, collected when he faced the men. but after the crisis was over and Downey had come to his rescue, he realized the danger he had been in and had to be assisted to his cell. A search was immediately instituted for Murphy, who was found hidden away behind the wood In the shed. He after wards said that when he dashed through the kitchen door he aw the utter futility of his attemptng to escape, as the streets were crowded with people and he heard, Selee calling for help. He did not think the searchers would look In the woodshed for him. If the 25 prisoners had rushed out of the jail In a body very few of them would have been captured In the commo tion that would have ensued. "SHALL WE TAKE OIL COIN" Question Will Be Presented to Con gregationalism in United States- COLUMBUS. O.. April 22. Rev. Washington Gladden. D. D., moderator of the general council of the Congre gational Church, will meet with the committee which represents the pro testants against the acceptance from Mr. Rockefeller of the gift to the American Board of Missions in Boston next week, when steps will probably be taken to secure an expression from the church at large on the matter. Mr. Gladden's reply to Dr. Lyman Abbott, who took the position that the church has no right to judge the givers of gifts, will be published in an Eastern magazine next Monday. Dr. Gladden will say In his reply that It is not only his right and his duty to sit In Judgment on Rockefeller and his methods, but that it Is also the duty of every American citizen to do so. PR0UTY WILLJOT RESIGN Interstate Commerce Commissioner Will' Not Run for Congress. ST. ALBANS, Vt, April 22. (Special.) In a letter to the editor of the Messenger, St. Albans, Vt., regarding the report of his supposed resigning from the Inter state Commerce Commission and becom ing a candidate for Congress, Hon. Charles A. Prouty, of New York, writing from Washington, says: "Several months ago I stated to friends from Vermont that If the railroads and other monopolistic interests of this coun try succeeded In driving me away from, my position before the expiration of my term, as seems probable. I would ask the people of my district to give me a fair chance to try conclusions with the gentle men. I have thought nothing about It since, and have no idea how the report originated. I am not a candidate and do not- expect to be." Gold Loads on Schooners. WILLEMSTADT. Curacoa, April 22. Gold estimated to amount to $1,400,000 and sent by President Castro, of Vene zuela, arrived here a few days ago in schooners and an Italian steamer for shipment to and deposit in New York.