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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (March 19, 1905)
HE SUNDAY. OKEGONIAN, POETLLND, MAEOH 19, 1905.
Zle Pass and near the' village of Peli?
POURING INTO WEST
IF YOU WANT TO KNOW WHAT SMARTLY DRESSED MEN WILL WEAR THIS SEASON'-ASK BEN SELLING ABOUT ET -
the bend of the river near the village oil
Kami ultra without being pressed by th?
On March 16 our armies continued, their
Great Movement j)f Home
seekers to the Coast
'On Marrh 15 the town of Fakoman, 25
miles northeast of Mukden, was occupied
by Chinese bandits."
REAR GUARD FIGHTING HARD
THEY COME IN TRAINLOADS
Transcontinental Roads Get Result
From Advertising in Tide of
Farmers From Eastern and
CHICAGO, March 18. For the first
two weeks after March 1, when the
homeseekers rates to California -were put
into effect, travel -was light on most of
the roads. During the last -week, how
ever, the tide has turned, and a rush has
set in which promises to tax the equip
ment of many of the Western trunk lines.
From the Northwest word has been re
ceived that a movement has been begun
which promises to increase largely the
population in North Dakota, Idaho, Mon
tana, 'Washington and Oregon. Prospec
tive settlers are passing through St.
Paul over the Northern Paciflo by traln
lnaiH. Thmuffh Chicaco they are pour
ing also, seeking homes In the Middle and
Southwestern States, via the jsortnwesr
ern. Milwaukee & St, Paul. Santa Fe,
TTnlnn Tnp!flf nnfl Southern Pacific.
New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio are
all contributing many practical tanners,
who are said to be supplied with suf
flHnt monev to enable til em to develop
their farms. "Western trunk lines for
several years have been disseminating
information concerning tne lrrigaiea
land! fn th "West and from the char
acter of the numerous inquiries they are
now rficelvlne from Eastern farmers.' it
is evident that they are reaping their
Thfi WfiKtfirn trunk lines have made
special rates for settlers to the Sound
country. Until May 15 westbound car
load rates on agricultural implements.
farm machinery, seed grain, livestock
and other property of settlers for actual
use and not for sale, will be half those
which prevail usually. This concession
in having an important effect in the
movement and is resultlncr in the BhlD-
ment of large quantities of equipment
with which to Begin agricultural opera
Sattle in Progress Near Kalyuan,
North of Tie Pass.
HINKOW, Manchuria March IK. It It
reported that the Russian rear guard is
fighting a heavy action In the -vicinity of
Kalyuan, about 20 miles north of Tie
HAEBDT HIS GOAL
(Continued from First Page.)
Investigating tie Richmond's Cargo.
HONOLULU. 'March IS. The state
ment made by the captain of the British
steamer Richmond, bound from London
to the Orient, which put in here short of
coal and which was suspected of carrying
-war supplies for the Japanese govern
ment, to the effect that his destination
was Manila, resulted in an investigation
by the Federal authorities yesterday. The
vessel left this harbor last night and it
Is understood she is bound for some Jap
anese port. It is said the Richmond
would not have been permitted to leave
here for Manila If her cargo consisted of
A dispatch from Honolulu, March 17,
said that one of the local papers de
clared that the Richmond had a large
cargo. Including ammunition and ma
chine guns for the Japanese, while an
other paper printed a report that the-
destination of the vessel was Vladivostok.
Japanss Occupy Tie- Pass Heights.
"WASHINGTON, March 18. The Japan
ese Legation today received the following
cablegram from the Foreign Office at
"On Thursday last our detachment on
the right side of the Llao River dispersed
eight Russian cavalry squadrons, which
had artillery with them, and thus occu
pled the heights north of Tie Pass, on the
right 6lde of the Llao, and cannonaded, the
re tr easting enemy, which consisted of one
Infantry division and ten cavalry squad'
French Prateo Fallon General.
PARIS. March 18. The French or ess
this morning devotes eulogistic articles
to General Kuropatkin. expressing regret
at the Emperor's abrupt recall of the
Commander-in-Chief. The Echo do Paris
says that Grand Duke Nicholas Nlcho-
laievitch has been ordered to start for
Manchuria to investigate the situation
there, and that his report will result in
a decision as .to the continuation of the
war or peace.
important factor In support of Japan
claim for a money indemnity."
WRECK RAILROAD AS THEY GO
Russians Fight Continuous Battle
With Their Pursuers.
ST. PETERSBURG, March 18. (2:10 P.
M.) Telegraphic communication with the
retreating Russian army has been cut
for over 24 hours, but the authorities hope
it is only temporary, declaring that they
have no Information that the Japanese
have reached the railroad in General
Nevertheless, with the curtain down.
the War Office officially is the prey of
dire forebodings. The last word from
the front was contained in a telegram
from one of the Associated Press Russian
correspondents, the only correspondent
with the retreating army. It presaged
an attack from the rear. The telegram,
although dated Changtufu (40 miles north
of Tie Pass) at 4 o'clock Thursday after
noon, was sent from Kalyuan. 30 miles
north of Tie Pass, and only reached St.
Petersburg this morning. It was brief,
saying simply that the army was retiring
In good order and destroying the railroad
as it went, but was constantly pressed by
the Japanese, the rear-guard action being
continuous. There were ominous words
in the concluding sentence, as follows:
"We believe the Japanese are making a
wide turning movement northr and that
they are ready to fall upon us when we
get out of the ring of the group of
mountains which surround the Tie Pass
In the long retreat to Harbin, the Rus
sians only have the advantage of the
Mandarin road as far as Kalyuan, whence
It bears eastward to Klrin, while the rail
road continues north of Harbin. Accord
ing to the general staff, however, a good
wagon road runs parallel to the railroad.
But for an army of a quarter of a million
men encumbered with impedimenta, with
an active enemy relentlessly pursuing and
operating on its flanks, and the constant
threat of the enemy closing the lino of
retreat, it is admitted that the single
railroad and wagon road afford poor prps
pects of General Linlevltch being able
to bring off the remnants of the army
confided to his care without a tremendous
sacrifice of life. If the Japanese actually
succeed In throwing a strong force across
the line of retreat, it Is recognized that
the army might be forced to capitulate.
In the meantime, the mobilization of a
new army has already begun in several
provinces, although the order has not yet
A division of the Imperial guards at EL
Petersburg was re-viewed today.
The newspapers generally indorse Llnle
vitch's selection as temporary commander-in-chief
on the ground that Kuropatr
kln'e lack of success made his superces
aion imperative. At the same time It is
recognized that Kuropatkln's failure also
rests on other shoulders, and pity Is ex
pressed at his sad fate.
Three Divisions In Fan River Battle
TOKIO, March 18. A dispatch from
the headquarters of the Japanese armies
In the field, dated yesterday, sass:
"According to statements made by
prisoners, the force of the enemy resist
ing us south of Tie Pass, "Wednesday,
March 15, consisted of three divisions.
General Kuropatkin personally com'
manded during the battle In the neigh'
borhood of Tie Pass. Tuesday, March
MUST FIGHT IT TO A FINISH
Japanese Warned That Russia Will
Not Soon Yield.
NEW YORK, 'March 18. The Japanese
press considers that Manchuria Is now,
Bays a Times dispatch from Tokio, vir
tually in a state of Japanese occupation.
but the papers dismiss the thought of
speedy peace in view of the Russian re
luctance to admit defeat, under the cir
euros tances. therefore, it is held that It
will be essential to prosecute the war vig
The Premier. In speaking Friday night.
at a dinner of the Bankers' Club, asked
his hearers to conceive themselves In the
position of Russia, who, although aor-
mously superior in resources, population
and military renown. Is now confronted
with the painful question of suing for
peace with a nation hitherto regarded
with contempt. It would be unwise, he
added, to anticipate such a concession.
The Japanese, he added, must be prepared
to continue the war to the bitter end.
COMMAND IS THANSFERREU.
Kuropatkin and Linlevltch Announce
Change Is Made.
ST. PETERSBURG March 18. A tele
gram from General Kuropatkin to Em
peror Nicholas, dated March 17. says:
"In accordance with the order of His
Majesty- received March 16. I handed over
to General Linlevltch today the command
of the land and sea forces operating
against tne Japanese."
General LlnJevitch. in a telegram to the
Emperor under the same date, says:
'in pursuance of the orders of Your
Majesty of March 16, I assumed command
today ot all our forces, military and navy,
operating against the Japanese."
A couple of brief messages from Gen
eral Kuropatkin. dated March 36. say:
'The rear guard of our armies was en
a March ,15 on a ridge southeast of
Japanese Loan In Germany.
BERLIN, March 19. The Frankfurter
Zeltung says that the negotiations with
German banks for the Japaneso loan are
n earing conclusion. The loan will be at
6 per cent interest, but Its amount is not
stated. The German Asiatic Bank heads
the group of bankers Interested. The
other banks include all of tho larger
i .HAND-TAILORED CLOTHES
AT ONE-HALF THB TAILOR'S PRICE
ARE OUR SPECIALTY
. PRICED RI
$15 to $35
V.' L i
Need Not Bring Back the Dead.
"WASHINGTON, March IkIn answer to
an Inquiry from the Isthmian Canal com
mission the Controller of the Treasury has
held that the United States Is not under
any legal obligation to pay the expenses
of transporting to this country the re
mains of employes of the commission who
may die on the isthmus.
BECEIVEB FOB, THE TA2JDiLRD
Kansas OH Men Will Attack Its
Alias In That State.
INDEPENDENCE. Karu March IS.
It was learned tonight that an application
would be made next week to the District
Court for a receiver for all the property
of the Prairie Oil & Gas Company (Stand
ard) In Kansas. The suit will be brought
by Independent oil producers. The courv
will oe asxea to enjoin the company from
removing Its pipes connecting with wells
owned by tho petitioners.
The receivership case will bo based on
the refusal of the company to accept oil
for transportation under the new common-
carrier law. upon the advice of their at
torneys, several producers In the Chanute
field this week offered the company oil
for shipment, which was declined.
DENIES ARMOUR GOT REBATES
Santa Fe Officials Declare False
Charges Made In Kansas.
TOPEKA, Kan.. March li Santa Fe of
ficials brand as malicious and untrue the
report published in Chicago to the effect
that Armour & Co. had received rebates
from the Santa Fe on coal shipped to
Kansas City from the Pittsburg- and
Frontenac district, amounting- to more
of subpenaes on 23 additional witnesses.
Everythlngrls ready for the final step of
swearing in the 23 grand jurors, which
will take place next Monday in this city.
The men who are on the grand jury are
all retired farmers or well-known business
men. If some of them fail to quality, an
other drawing will be held until the requi
site number qualifies. No evidence will
bo heard by the jury until Tuesday morn
ing. Tho forthcoming Investigation will be
conducted along lines of the closest eo
crecy. Extraordinary precautions will be
taken by United States Marshal Ames and
other officers of the court to prevent any
loiormuuon orniiuy imm uie jiu-ruuui.
Tho grand jurors will be cautioned against
divulging any of the evidence given before
them, and, as a further safeguard, each
of the witnesses will bo accompanied from
the courtroom by Deputy Marshals under
Instructions to prevent all persons from
talking to tho witnesses.
On account of tho promotion of Judge
Xohlsaat to tho Circuit Court bench and
of Mr. Bethea's elevation to the bench
ot the District Court, Judge Humphrey, of
Springfield. 111., has been asked to em
panel the jury Monday.
ORGANIZE TO FIGHT STANDARD
Kansas Oil Producers In Convention
to Form Association.
INDEPENDENCE, Kan.. March IS.
"When the convention of oil producers of
Kansas was called to order here today to
map out Us fight against the Standard Oil
Company there were SOW persons present.
The organization effected early In the
"Winter at Topeka to fight for' legislation
was made permanent. Many speeches were
delivered today, devoted strictly to the
business end of the situation. "While the
Standard Oil Company was denounced,
the producers did not lose sight of the
fact that in order to win their fight they
Among the delegates were Governor E.
VP. Hoch and several leading state Iegisla-
INSULT IS 0FFEBED FEAHCE
Bandits In Morocco Capture Agent of
PARIS. March IS. Count de Segonzoc,
who was sent by the Moroccan Commis
sion to Investigate the commercial con
dition of Morocco, has been captured by
Arabs. The case resembles tho Perdlcaris
affair. The incident causes excitement.
owing to France's policy of assuming
paramount control In Morocco.
Tho secretary of the Moroccan commis
sion in an Interview said that tho cap
ture of Count de Segonzac proved the
necessity for ' rapid French action In
Morocco; not necessarily a military dis
play, but a strong police force. The other
members of the mission are sale.
The government will cable the French
Minister at Tangier to Invite tho Sul
tan ot Morocco and the friendly chiefs
to co-operate In an endeavor to secure
tho liberation of the Count.
sales, but these can easily be replaced
THE SUNDAY OEEGONIAK SIX MONTHS POE 75 CENTS.
In order to advertise the Lewis and Clarjc Centennial Exposition,
the City of Portland, the State of Oregon and the Pacific Northwest
The Oregonian "will mail the Sunday" edition to any address
v EAST OP THE ROOKY MOUNTAINS
six months for 75 cents. This is less than the cost of the white
paper and the postage, which The Oxonian will prepay. t
Orders from "business houses or individuals in other cities in
Oregon and "Washington who may avail themselves of this exceptional
offer will receive prompt attention.
This offer expires by limitation June 1, 1905.
THE OREGONIAN, Portland, Oregon.
than $250,000. W. J. Black, general pas
senger agent of tho Santa. Fe, says:
"The Santa Fe has not shipped a pound
of coal for Armour & Co. from the Pitts
burg or any other district in years, and
haa never, hauled to exceed a very few
carloads ot coal for that company. The
publication of reports Is a fair sample of
efforts being made ostensibly to help the
oil producers in Kansas."
During tho examination In Topeka ot
W. J. Healy, freight auditor of the Santa
Fe. the matter of coal rates was gone
Into. The rates on coal to Kansas City
were taken up. but no testimony or evi
dence of any kind was introduced which
indicated that Armour & Co. received a
rebate from the Santa Fe.
WILL DIG INTO BEEF TRUST
Grand Jury Summoned and Great
Precaution for Secrecy Taken.
CHICAGO, March 18. The last papers
to be served prior to the empaneling of
the grand Jury which Is to investigate the
beeT trust were served today, ia the form
tors. Ida M. Tar bell was received enthu
siastically. Among others present were
ex-Governor Burke, of North Dakota, and
Frank S. Monnett, of Ohio, who Is aiding
tho state In its fight.
Cleveland's Sixty-Eighth Birthday.
PRINCETON. N. J., March 18. Ex-P-realdent
Cleveland celebrated hb 68th
birthday quietly at his home, Westland,
today, receiving Informally his friends
among the university faculty who called.
Mr. Cleveland and a hunting: party will
leave Monday for the South.
Catarrh Cm Be Csred.
Catarrh, ia & kladred ailment of Consumption
laac ccceiaerea incar&sie: and yet there U
one remedy that will positively cere Catarrh
In aar -ot lu etases. For many, years thli rem.
edr uei by the late Dr. Steven, a wide
ly noted authority on an dUeaees or the throat
ana iimr. .nann- zeeiea tu fronderfa! car'
tlve powers In thousand of caaa. and desir
las to relieve Human nunerln. I uill icnd
free of Chtm to all sufferers from Catarrh.
Asthma. Consumption and nervous dlseafo.
una recipe, vriia mil oirecuons xor preparing
and a!nr. S-rnt by mall by addrewtn-. -with
stamp, running this paper. W. A. 2oj-ee. 87
.rowers iiiocx. , itocaeiitr. i.
REPAIRS ON ST. MARK'S, VENICE
St. Allplo Leans Over and Makes Sun
dial Fool Venetians.
VENICE, March 18 The repairs or
dered by the Italian government last
December on the basilica of St. Mark's
Cathedral have been begun. A close
examination has disclosed a greater
weakness than was supposed to exist.
The corner of the statuo of St. Allplo
is almost entirely disconnected from
the main building and leans to such an
angle that the ancient sundial does nojt
mark time correctly. The clock stand
ing in the minaret is also displaced
and Is not running.
These defects will be righted, and
those having in hand Hho work of
restoration will strengthen the founda
tions and straighten the walls of tho
edifice. This latter work will require
demolition and the detachment of mo-
THE VALUE OF CHARCOAL
Few People Know How Useful It Is In
Preserving Health and Beauty.
Nearly everybody knows that charcoal
is the safest and most cedent disinfect
ant and purl-er in nature, but few
realize Its value when taken Into tho
hunxjjti system for the same cleansing
Charcoal Is a remedy that the more
you tako of It the better; it is not a drug
at all. but slniply absorbs the gases and
Impurities always present In the stomach
and Intestines and carries them, out ot
Charcoal sweetens tho breath after
smoking, drinking or after eating onions
and other odorous vegetables.
Charcoal effectually clears andlmproves
the complexion, it whitens the teeth and
further acts as a natural and eminently
It absorbs the Injurious gases which
collect :a the stomach and bowels: It
disinfects the mouth and throat from the
poison of catarrh.
All druggists sell charcoal In one form
or another, but probably the beat char
coal and the most tor the money la in
fatuarts Charcoal Lozenges: ther are
composed of the finest powdered Willow
charcoal, and other harmless antlseDtlcs
In tablet form, or rather in the form of
large, pleasant tasting lozenges, the char.
coal being mixed with honey.
The -ally u:e of these lozenges will
soon tell in a mucu Improved condition
of the general health, bettor complexion,
sweeter breath and purer blood, and the
beauty of it is, tha no possible harm
can result from their continued use, but
on the contrary., great benent.
A Buffalo physician in speaking of the
benefits of charcoal says: "I advise Stu
art's Charcoal Lozenges to all patients
suffering from gas m stomach and bow
els, and to clear the complexion and puri
fy the br -th. mouth and throat; I also
believe the liver Is greatly benefited by
the dally use of them; they ccst but
twenty-five cents a box at drug stores.
and although In some sense a patent prep
aration, yet I believe I get more and bet
ter charcoal in Stuart s Charcoal Loz
enges than in any of the ordinary char
WILL REHABILITATE DREYFUS
Expected That Final Decision Will
Soon Bo Rendered.
PARIS, March IS. The revision of the
Dreyfus case Is reaching its final stage.
The Appellate Court has appointed Maltre
Maurice J afford, to draw Its report. It is
generally expected that the final decision
will completely rehabilitate Dreyfus.
Bunau-Varllla Will Give Hints.
PARIS. March IS. Philip E. Bunau-Va
rllla, former Panamanian Minister to tha
United States, sailed on the Philadelphia.
which left Southampton today for New
York. Ho will go to "Washington, confer
with President Roosevelt and the Pan
ama Canal authorities and place at their
disposition his experience and acquaint
ance with tho canal route resulting from
his long service as chief engineer of tho
French company. Ho says he docs not
'desire to take any part in the accom
plishment of tho work except render such
advice as his experience will permit.
THE DATS DEATH SOIL.
W. C. A. Freerlchs, Painter.
NEW YORK, March 18. Professor Wil
liam C A. Freerlchs, a well-known ma
rine and enamel painter. Is dead from
paralysis, at his homo on State n Island.
He was born 73 years ago In Ghent and
came to America in his youth. While
his paintings are to be found among most
of the great collections In tins country,
Professor Freerlchs Is best remembered
as an Instructor in art In various schools.
After spending a short time in New York
he became, in 1S54, an instructor in a
North Carolina college and at tho 'out
break of the war went to Charleston! Af
ter the war he returned to tho North.
Ex-Governor C. G. Luce.
COLD WATER, Mich., March IS. Ex
Governor Cyrus G. Luce died toqay at his
home here of goitre. He was SO years old.
The ex-Governor had held numerous po
sitions of trust and had been generally
prominent In public affairs.
Mrs B. F. Marsh.
WARSAW, HI., March 18. The wife of
Congressman B. F. Marsh died at her
home here today of apoplexy. Mrs. Marsh
was a sister-in-law of Chief Justice Fuller
of the United States Supreme Court, and
waa a daughter of the lata W. S. Cool
ban gh, the Chicago banker.
Mrs. Mary F. Vardaman.
JACKSON. Miss., March 18. Mrs. Mary
Fox Vardaman, mother of Governor
James K. Vardaman, who lives with him
at the executive mansion, dropped dead
today. Mrs. Vardaman was about 63
years of ago and was former Postmis
tress at Greenwood, under the adminis
tration of President Cleveland.
1TEW USE 'INTO CATJFOBNIA
Western Pacific's Engineer Com
plete Surveys and Reports.-
SAN FRANCISCO, March, IS. Virgil G.
Bogue, consulting engineer, has departed
for. tho East, after spending flva or six
weeks going over the Western Pacific
surveys between Sacramento and Salt
Lake. While hero he prepared a final
report an tha surveys for tha new trans
continental road, which he is to Submit
to Mr. Gould and his assistants, and it
Is expected that actual construction work
on tho"Broposed new line will, be under
taken not long after the approval of his
It Is understood that Mr. Bogue In his
report recommends tha route that has
been surveyed up the canyon of the
Feather River and through Beckwlth
Pass with some slight alterations. Sis
report favors the building of three tun
nels, each approximately 3G0O feet in
length. It this route is chosen, the rail
road will occpy Beckwlth Pass for only
a short distance. His report will also
recommend that tho road cross the South
ern Pacific at Wlnnemucca, and that it
be built around tho southern end of Salt
Lake Into Salt Lake City.
Many Polish Immigrants -Coming.
HAVRE. March 19. There left here to
night for New York 1S00 emigrants, mosfc
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