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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (March 12, 1905)
THE SUNDAY OEEGONIA, PORTLAND, MARCH 12, 1905.
NOT ENOUGH YET
Russia Wants More War
NO OVERTURES ARE MADE
Most Positive Denial Made by
SAY JAPAN STARTS HEPORTS
Though Her Friends In Other Coun
tries Urge -Her-to Give Up, She
'Says Reports of Overtures
Have No Foundation.
ST. PETERSBURG, March 1L A semi
official statement this evening ie as- fol
lows: "The defeat in Mukden Is furnishing
material for conjectures of peace pour
parlors to the European press, which Is
filled with articles and expressions of
opinion on the subject of peace. It has
been stated in all seriousness that the
Russian Government has informed the
French government that it is the inten
tion of the Emperor to engage In peace
pourparlers. We are authorized to de
clare in the most categorical fashion that
all statements to the effect that It Is the
intention of the Russian government to
open pourparlers with a view to the con
clusion of peace are absolutely without
"The statements do not emanate from
well-informed Russian sources. They aro
simply conjectures of various correspond
ents or arc derived from Japanese sources.
"It is known that Japan is at present
negotiating a. loan with British and Amer
ican bankers, and that sho Is also nego
tiating for 100,000.000 yen (about $50,000,000)
with an oil company, giving as guarantee
naphtha deposits in North Japan and in
Baghalien Island. Interested parties are
encouraging these reports in order to as
sure success of the loan, after removing
the fears caused by the uncertainty as to
the duration of the war."
RUSSIA MUST TAKE INITIATIVE
No Move for Peace Will -Come From
Japan, Says Takahlra.
WASHINGTON. March 11. With Muk
den as his new base. Marshal Oyama
has determined to push northward In the
direction of Harbin with a large part of
his army in tho effort to follow up hia
recent victory as rapidly as possible and
accomplish his one great purpose of ad
ministering a really crushing defeat to
General Kuropatkin. This information
has reached Washington from an au
thoritative sourco and accurately sets
forth the presont programme of tho Toklo
After receiving soveral cablegrams tell
ing of the victories of the Japanese
around Mukden, M. Takahlra, the Japa
nese Minister, although the host zp a
brilliant reception last night, which lasted
past midnight, was an early visitor at
tho State Department today where he hao
halfan hour's conversation with Secretary
Hay. As he was leaving the department,
the Minister was asked what effect In his
opinion tho battle of Mukden would have
upon the ultimate Issue of the war.
"For us it is but a chapter In tho great
conflict though a most important one,"
the Minister replied. "It Is difficult for
me to say how much tho battle of Mukden
will contribute towards peace, for over-
THE BEST MEDICINE
FOR THE STOMACH, LIVER AND BOWELS IS
THE GENUINE IS FOR
tures for peace must necessarily come
from .the other side."
Wfll your government suggest peace.
In the light of Oyama's -victory?" the
Minister was asked, as he entered 'his
"The initiative, I repeat, can scarcely
ho looked for from Toklo," he replied.
JAPAN MUST TAKE FIRST STEP
Russia Wants No Mediation and Her
Position in Asia Assured.
ST. PETERSBURG. March 11. Neither
Emperor Nicholas nor the government has
taken a step in the direction of peace, and
probably win require several days to
reach a decision on this point. The report
that France has already been asked to
Intervene is, however, positively untrue.
The Associated Press is enabled to
make the following statement:
"The movement might prove oppor
tune, but the question of peace lies
with Japan an J not with Russia. Rus
sia - would welcome peace and peace
could be arranged, not through a third
power, but by direct negotiations be
tween the two countries If Japan would
propose moderate terms. As the victor.
Japan is in a position to take the
first step. Russia cannot and will not
sue for peace. Neither could she accept
terms which did not recognize Russia
as a power in the Far East.
"It Is Idle to speculate on tho con
crete terms. The only thing is that
Russia's position in the Far East must
be recognized. Friends of peace
throughout the world should use their
Influence with Japan. The victor
should show moderation. Otherwise no
end of the war is in sight,"
NOT A WORD OF PEACE, SAYS HE
Cas6tni Predicts Large Reinforce
ments Will Be Sent.
WASHINGTON. March " 11. "After
Llao Tang there was talk of peace
Russia's answer was reinforcements.
Like Llao Tang. Mukden is the scene of
another retreat and again Russia's an
swer will be large reinforcements, but
of peace not a word."
This was the emphatic statement of
Count Casslni, the Russian Ambassa
dor, today In light of the morning dis
patches telling of the Russian retreat.
Tho only official news he has received
in the last few days from his govern
ment regarding the operations Is con
tained In a brief cablegram, which
came last night, saying that General
Kuropatkin was retreating after days
of fierce fighting.
The Ambassador, however, was ac
quainted several weeks ago with the
final decision of the Emperor that Rus
sia would continue the war until Rus
sian arms were victorious, regardless
of the. time It would require, and al
ready preparations are being made for
large reinforcements to General Kuro
patkin. If an echo of peace should come out
'of St. Petersburg, no official In Wash
ington would be more surprised than
the Russian Ambassador, who has all
along been positively Informed that
nothing but victory for General Kuro
patkin can bring an end to the" war.
MAKE BEST TERMS POSSIBLE
French Official Paper Urges Russia
to End Conflict.
PARIS, March 11. The Temps, which
usually reflects the sentiment in offi
cial quarters, prints a notable leading
editorial tills afternoon, appealing to
Russia to accept the inevitable and
make the best peace possible. The
paper declares that Russia's sacrifice
will be less than that of France at the
end of the Franco-German War, as
France struggled against the dismem
berment of her own country, whereas
Russia struggles to hold Manchuria,
which she has formally promised to re
turn to China. Moreover, tho battle of
Mukden definitely establishes Japan's
advantage and, therefore, self-interest
demands that Russia recognize her de
feat and abandon the struggle. Tho
"The overwhelming majority of
French public opinion, resolutely at
tached to th Franco-Russian al
liance, appeals to its ally for a pacific
solution. The united Interests of
France and Russia call for surf, n .n.
lutlon, and France wishes In hor allyj
mat ncroic spirit necessary for a set
tlement that the crisis now presents."
No Peace Overtures Made.
LONDON, March 11. Tho Foreign
Office ays it has nothing confirmatory
of the report printed by the Dally
When the stomach gets "out of order" the
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Graphic, of this city, today to thl effect
that peace overtures between Russia
and Japan have already commenced.
through France and Great Britain. The
officials here, say no negotiations are
in progress so far aa the British gov
ernment Is concerned, and the gov
ernment has no news forecasting such
NOT EQUAL TO THE OCCASION
Kuropatkin's Task is Too Large,
Oyama's Great Genius Shown.
RERUN. March 11. Lieutenant-General
A. von Boguslawsky (retired), of all the
military critics who endeavored to esti
mate the battle of Mukden, in the Ber
lin press today, probably Is the most com
petent and of the highest rank. Field
Marshal Oyama. he says, by the great
ness of the things he has done, must be
accepted as a great commander, and es
pecially because he did not possess su
periority In numbers. The battle is of
absorbing Interest for professional sol
diers, because never before have such
numbers been engaged over so wide a
territory. The very magnitude of the
operations has been a test of Ingenuity of
I am little inclined." says General von
Boguslawsky. "to sit at the green table
and give a damning verdict, but still one
may bo allowed to form an opinion on
such facts as are already available.
"The task of directing 400,000 men on a
single stage, with SO to 100 miles of front,
so that each unit may have its proper
weight against a thoughtful and active
enemy, was too large for Kuropatkin.
whose training was adjusted to the com
mand of some 100,000 men. The brain in
oommand failed on the Russian side to
perceive the developments and meet them
with proper precision.
"Oyama was somewhere far from tho
rim of the fighting zone, in touch by
field telegraph and telephone with every
Important unit In action. He was doubt
less able to sketch approximately at any
time the relative positions of his own
and the Russian divisions and co-ordinate
the movements. With a certain ef
ficiency of forces, even with tho fruits of
victory not yet fully gathered, Oyama has
achieved an immense victory, the effects
of which on the military situation In
the Far East and In the Internal situation
in Russia must be far and deep-reaching."
Colonel Gaedko. of tho Tageblatt, and
other critics arrive at the same conclu
sions. SEND ANOTHER ARMY, SAYS HE
Vladimir's Answer to Question as to
ST. PETERSBURG, March lL-6:5 P.
M.) North of Mukden, when this dis
patch was filed, the situation of the Rus
sian army was depicted as not so bad as
generally believed here at that hour, but
due allowance must be made for the
censor's restrictions. No official dis
patch was Issued today.
Tho temper of the Imperial family can
perhaps be Judged by Grand Duke Vlad
imir's response when asked what would
be Russia's reply to General Kuropatkin's
defeat. "Send- another army," was his
It was evident that the dispatch of the
Associated Press, from Tie Pass, dated
March 10, 10:30, was written and filed at
Mukden Friday morning, and taken to
Tie Pass, when the telegraph station was
removed there The dispatch indicates
that the Russian rear guard, which per
haps Kuropatkin had decided to sacrifice
deliberately, was holding works about
Mukden while tho army was making Its
way northward, and that he was cover
ing his west flank as best he could from
the attacks of Generals Nogl and Oku.
The real tide of battle was probably about
HIS ARMY IS OUT OF DANGER
Kuropatkin Reports Successful Re
treat Despite Cannonade.
ST. PETERSBURG. March 11. A dis
patch from General Kuropatkin. timed
6 P. M., March 10. says:
"The retreat of tho army was very
dangerous, especially trying for those
corps which were some distance from the
"Tho Japanese penetrated far Into the
mountains in the direction of. Tawan.
They threatened our troops, but thanks to
extraordinary efforts our armies are out
"The enemy cannonaded the route of
our retreat from the east and west. The
Eastern Mandarin road was bombarded
at two points near Tawan and the Pu
"Our troops are very brave.
"Tho reason tho Japanese advanced so
easily from the south Is that the Hun
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River, which is covered by our position
at Mukden, Is frozen over.
"General Zerpltzky Is wounded, but re
mains at tho front."
TOK1Q. March 11. (2 P. M.) The Rus
sian forces aro now retiring from Muk
den northward They are flanked on
both sides by the Japanese troops In pur
suit and are suffering .heavy losses.
LONDON. March 11. A dlsuatch to the
Japanese Legation from Toklo says:
"A Jananeao detachment has, reached
the Pu River. 13 miles north of Mukden,
and is inflicting considerable damage on
the retreating enemy.
TOKIO. March U. Tho General Staff
estimates the number of Russians en
gaged in the presont battle at 200.000 in
fantry. 2S.0CO cavalry and 1S6S guns. The
Infantry calculation allows for 37$ bat
talions with an average of SCO men each.
DREAD ' FOR ARMY'S FATE.
French Officials Expect Next Four
Days Wil Decide It.
PARI3. .March 1L -The government's
advices from St. Petersburg say that the
most profound anxiety prevails In the
highest quarters there concerning the
desperate nature of the situation in Man
churia. Russian military and political
quarters are practically cut off from all
details, except those contained in the dis
patches published in the American, Brit
ish and French press. The absence of of
ficial information has heightened the anx
iety to an intense pitch, and gives rise to
sinister forebodings concerning Kuropat
kin's ability to extricate his army from
lt perilous position. Therefore the offi
cial dispatches from St. Petersburg reflect
the extreme apprehension felt throughout
Russian officialdom. There is a similar
feeling of apprehension In official quar
ters hero, where attention is concentrated
on the Anal outcome of the battle.
The French officials are inclined to be
lieve that the struggle will continue for
three or four days -longer before results
are attained which may provo declaive
upon the whole war. Until Mukden was
captured It was believed that Kuropatkin
would succeed In cutting his way north
ward and concentrate his troops for a
struggle at Harbin, but tho latest advices
begin to Incline the officials to take the
view that Kuropatkin's defeat may reach
the magnitude of a crushing disaster from
which his army will be unable to recover.
Consequently, the events of the next four
days will be watched with Intense Inter
est. RETIRE NORTH IN DISORDER
Russians Are Exhausted and Under
Constant Shell Fire.
WASHINGTON, March 11. The Jap
anese Legation has received the fol
lowing cablegram from Toklo:
"Report received on tfie night of
March 10: In the direction of Slng
klng our detachment is now attacking
a superior enemy, who holds a height
in the north of Fushun. In the direc
tion of Shaho we expelled the enemy to
the cast and north ot Mukden.
"Since noon of the 10th, a large num
oer of the enemy, worn out and in
complete disorder. Is retiring north
ward along the district between Muk
den road and the railway and swarm
ing in the district extending- from the
neighborhood of Mukden, to Sanwa,
seven miles north ot Mukden, while
our Infantry and artillery were con
centrating fire upon that enemy until
"Another detachment reached Puho,
13 miles north of Mukden, oqthe even
ing of the 10th, and is Inflicting con
siderable damage upon the" retreating
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ST. PETERSBURG, March 11. Tho Si
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to carry the enormous burdens Imposed
upon it by tho enterprising Minister.
Thanks to Prince Khllkoffs foresight,
forethought and energy, that line has per
formed a far great quantity of work than
It was guaranteed to do. Instead of
somo Ave pairs of trains dally, no fewer
than 17 pairs were run successfully and
with few and unimportant breakdowns.
But even iron and steel have limits to
the force of resistance and the rails of
the Siberian line already appear to have
reached them. Reports ot a general sag
ging of the rails and other serious defects
have been received so frequently of late
that Prince Khllkoff, who had only just
arrived from Kharkoff, Is now obliged to
start again for Siberia, where ho Intends
to make a protracted stay and t5 super
intend the work of repairing the line.
At present the railway can barely con
vey enough provisions for the army In the
field, and can do practically nothing else,
but even this Is becoming Increasingly
difficult, and the number of dally trains
will Boon be cut down. No large stores
of provisions have been accumulated at
Harbin, Vladivostok, which Is also very
badly victualed, and cannot count upon
the railway for a sufficient supply of food,
troops or war material, will be largely de
pendent upon the success of Prince IChll
RUSSIANS DRIVEN FROM FUSHUN
Fierce Fire Poured Into Fleeing Army
North of Mukden.
TOKIO. March 11. 7 P. M.) The fol
lowing dispatch from the headquarters
of the Japanese armies In the field was
made public today:
"In tho Slngklng CTenden) direction our
forces are now attacking a superior force
of enemy occupying tho northern height
"All our forces in the Shakhe River
direction entirely dislodged the enemy on
the right bank of the Hun River, Friday,
and surrounded the enemy on the cast
and north ot Mukden.
"According to several reports from noon,
March 10. the Russians filled the district
AN EASY WAY
To Keep Well.
It Is easy to keep well if we would only
observo each day a few simple rules of
The all-Important thing Is to keep the
stomach right, and" to do this it Is not
necessary to diet or to follow a set rule
or bill of fare. Such pampering simply
makes a capricious appetite and a feeling
that certain favorite articles of food must
Prof. Wlechold gives pretty good advice
on this subject. He says: "I am 63 years
old and have never had a serious Illness,
and at the same time my life haa been
largely an Indoor one. but I early discov-
I ered that the way to keep healthy was
to keep a neaitny stomach, not by eating
"bran crackers or dieting of any sort; on
i the contrary I always eat what my ap
i petite craves, but daily for the past eight
J year I have made It a practice to take
one or two of Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets
1 after each meal, and I attribute my ro
j bust liealth for a man of my age to the
f regular dally use of Stuart's Tablets.
My physician first advised me to use
i them because he said they were perfectly
i harmless and were not a secret patent
j medicine, but contained only the natural
i digestives; peptones and diastase, and af-
I ter using them a few weeks I have never
t ceased to thank nlm for his advice.
I "I honestly believe the habit of taking
f stuart'a tyspepsia uaniets after meals
! is the real health habit, because their use
I brings health to the sick and ailing and
preserves neaun u tne weu and stronrr."
! Men and women past 50 years of age.
t neeu a saie cugesuve arter meals to In-
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They are found In every well-regulated
household from Aiaine to California and
In Great Britain and Australia are rap
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All druggists sell Stuart's Dyspepsia
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and for a weak stomach a5$-cent pack
age wui oiien ao worm ot gooa
SWAMP-ROOT A BLESSIfjG TO WOMEN
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MRS. E. AUSTIN.
19 Hassan 8t. Brooklyn. X. T.
between the railroad and the Mukden
road in great confusion and in. a state of
utter exhaustion. Thousands upon thou
sands of Russians are 'in the district be
tween Sanwa, eight miles north of Muk
den, and Mukden, retreating north In
miserable condition. Our artillery and
Infantry in the vicinity are pouring a
fierce fire upon them, inflicting heavy
"On Friday our detachment made a
hurried advance from SIngllngtlen, on the
Hun River between Mukden and Fushun,
and reached the Pu River, 13 mllea north
of Mukden, and at sunset was Inflicting
heavy damage to the remnant of the
enemy. Our detachment is now trying to
Late In the day the following dispatch
was received from tho headquarters of
the Japanese armies In the field:
"Our force In the Slngklng direction,
after carrying the enemy's position on
the northern heights of Fushun. pursued
him as far as Huiyuagpao, five spile
north of Fushun, and at 11 o'clock last
night resumed a vigorous pursuit of him.
"Today we captured a few hundred
light railway wagons and other spoils,
which are under Investigation."
Admiral Ito. chief of the General Staff,
and Admiral Tamamoto, Minister ot the
Navy, have telegraphed their congratu
lations to Field Marshal Oyama.
BATTLE RESUMED AFTER STORM
Kuropatkin Held Positions, but Ren
nenkampff Retired to Hills.
TIE PASS, Manchuria. March 10.
(11:30 A. M.) .Jjist before sundown
Thursday the dust storm, which had
been hanging Ilka a pall over the bat
tlefield, lifted, and the artillery imme
diately reopened Are. The bombard
ment died down, to almost nothing dur
ing the day, both of the tlrd armies.
having rested while thev weird half
gloom lasted, although the Japanese
evidently took advantage of the ob
scurity to improve their positions!.
A strange and uncanny stillness pre
vailed in the City of Mukdert during
the storm. All noise was hushed, the
streets were empty, and many shops
were closed. The Chinese were ap
palled by the proximity of the artil
lery Are and the terrifying gloom,
which seemed to forebode the coming
General Kuropatkin bad held all his
positions for two da'ys, actually push
ing back the Japanese north of the Im
perial tombs, which were no longer
reached by the enemy's shells. The
sacred ground remained guarded
against vandalism by a few Russian
On Thursday evening General Ren
nenkampff made a counter attack on
the Japanese, and took- three machine
guns. He then Tetlred from his strong
position at Machuntan and fell back,
making: a stand in the hills several
miles south of Fushun.
Immediately south ot Mukden the Jap
anese reached the head of the bridge over
the Hun River, '
The Japanese left is still reported to
be working north and the sound of artil
lery fire Is increasing In that direction.
The position of the Russian army at
nightfall Thursday seemed good, with
critical fighting west of the railroad be
tween Mukden and Tie Pass Imminent.
By dawn Friday the settlement was
cleared and empty and prepared for all
ENEMY HARASSES HIS FLANKS
Kuropatkin Flees North, Having Lost
On-Third of Army.
ST. PETERSBURG, March 1L (6:15 P.
M.) It is reported in the military clubs
this afternoon that General Kuropatkin
has lost 200 guns and about 60,000 prison
ers, besides about the same number of
killed and wounded.
ST. PETERSBURG. March 1L (3:10 P.
MJ The Associated Press learns that the
dispatch received by Emperor Nicholas
from General Kuropatkin last night, in
addition to announcing-the retreat of the
Russian armies, added:
"Our retreat is being conducted with.
the enemy harassing both our flanks. The
second army under Bilderltnc iu-e suffer
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Loetlnhlpa .20 Inchea
Thla picture gives you an Idea of my ap
pearance before and after zny reduction by
Sr. Snyder. My health is perfect. I never
enjoyed better health la my life, not a
wrinkle to be seen. TVhy carry your curdea
longer, when relief la at hand-?
Sirs. Jennie Stockton,
Lost 60 pounds.
Mrs. T. S. Brown.
Lost 65 pounds.
Dr. Snyder guarantees tls treatment to be
perfectly harmless in every particular. No
exercise, no- starving-, no detention from busi
ness, no wrinkles or discomfort. Dr. Sny
der has been a specialist in the successful
treatment of obesity for tho past S3 years,
and has the unqualified Indorsement of the
medloal fraternity. A booklet, telling all
about It. free. "Write today.
O. W. JF. SNYDER, X. D
8U Dekum bldff-. Third and "Washington its.
the heaviest, both in killed, wounded and
prisoners. How many are surrounded Is
Japan Takes Cargo of Rails.
TOKIO, March 1Z (1 A. M.) The British
steamer Saxon Prince, bound for Vladi
vostok with a cargo ot steel rails, was
seized March 9 by the Japanese In the
Tsu Straits and taken to Sasebo for trial.
ARIZONA HAS A HEW CLIMATE
Continuous Rain Changes the Desert
Into Lakes and Swells Rivers.
EL PASO, Tex., March ll.-The whole
Territory of Arizona is covered with water
as a, result of the heavy rains and snows
and in many -plapes the -desert that has
not known water for a decade is now a
lake. At Silver City there has fallen 23
Inches of rain during the last, eight
months, and rivers heretofore dry are
now crossed by ferryboats.
All records for moisture have been bro
ken in this entire section. Railroads aro
demoralized, not only from washouts but
from soft tracks, which will In many. In
stances have to be rebuilt and reballasted.
Much damage has "been done to mining
Extradition Treaty With- Uruguay.
WASHINGTON, March 11. Secretary
Hay and the Minister from Uruguay
signed an extradition treaty between the
United States and Uruguay today. The
novel feature of the convention Is a re
quirement that each government shall ad
vise the other of the action taken on ap
pllcations for extradition of criminals.
In -what it is and what it does con
taining the best blood-purifying,
alterative and tonic substances and
effecting the most radical and per
manent cures of all humors and all
eruptions, relieving weak, tired,
languid feelings, and building up
the whole system is true only of
No other medicine acts like it;
no other medicine has done so
much real, substantial good, no
other medicine has restored health
and strength at so little cost.
"I was troubled with scrofula asdcams
near Iosine my eyesight. For four months I
could not sea to do anything. After taking
two bottles of Hood's Sarsaparilla I could see
to walk, and when I had taken eight bottles I
could sea as well as erer-'1 Susix A. Hairs
tojt. Withers. N.C
Hood's Sarsaparilla promises to
curs and keeps the premise.
There is nb.'other such, deal
ing in "J
as Schilling's Best; no. other
such goods; the goodsaccount
for the dealing. -