The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, March 12, 1905, Image 1

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    . jm SP. Ill
"VOL. XXIV NO. 11.
Russians Slip Through
to Tie Pass.
Main Army Fighting Its
Way to Safety.
Japanese Losses Estimated at
Forty-One Thousand.
Decision to Retreat Reached Just
Time to Avoid Being Sur
rounded and Forced to
TOKIO, March 12. (Noon.) Field
Maraual Ojaiaa estimates that the num
ber of Russian prisoners captured will
exceed 30,000. The Japanese casualties
are estimated at 41,000. Tbe Japanese
captured a retreating: rfufUan column
at the Pu River yesterday (Saturday).
Official Information from the Russian
headquarters In the Held, supplemented
by dispatches from the Associated Press
correspondents with the army of the Rus
sian Empire, show that General Kuro
patkln, after suffering the most severe
defeat of the war. has succeeded, as he
did after the battle .of Liao "Yang. In ex
tricating the. remnants of his army from
a position which military experts 3 hours
before- believed would, result In Its annl
hi'ntlori "or surrender. The retreat from
Liao 1'ang has-been considered a most
masterly event, but It Is far overshadow
ea by the latest feat of the Russian Gen
eral, who has taken personal command of
the trooops.
After lighting for nearly three weeks,
losing in killed, wounded and missing
probably a third of his army, or nearly
100.OW men, and a fourth of his artillery,
Kuropatkin gathered together what was
left north of Mukden and Is taking them
toward Tie Pass through a rain of shrap
nel, which is being thrown on them from
both right and left.
Same Tactics as at Liao Yang.
THls he seems to have" been able to ac
complish by resorting to the same tactics
which saved his army at Liao Yang. As
recently as Thursday last he commenced
sending his artillery north by rail and
road. That night he destroyed by fire
what he realized could not be removed.
Even the hospitals containing tbe more
seriously wounded were left behind, so as
not to hamper In any way the movement
of the army. This movement commenced
on Friday morning, and, as the Japanese
forces on the east, which were to join
hands with the western army and cut off
his retreat, did not cross the Fushun
Mukden road until Saturday morning, the
Russians had a fuH day's start of their
pursuers, and, having no guns or bag
gage to delay them, seem to have made
good their escape.
Kawamura to Reckon With.
There Is still, however, a chance of Gen
eral Kawamura's army taking a hand In
the battle, and should It strike the Rus
slans at Tie Pass or cut their communica
tions to the northward, the disaster to
Kuropatkln's once fine army will be com
plete. The shrapnel fire under which the
Russians are again retreating was found
not to have a very serious effect, as the
army was scattered and straggling, which
undoubtedly holds good In the present
case. So, if Kawamura falls Oyama and
Kuropatkln's rearguard can hold back the
pursuers, the losses suffered la the battle
will not be greatly added to In the re
treat. Two Corps Left to Their Fate.
What part of his army the Russian Gen
eral has saved apparently Is not known
at the Russian headquarters. All dis
patches Indicate that part of his force
has been cut off. General Kaulbars seems
to have extricated his corps, likewise Bll
derlng, but not so with Llnevitch. The
Associated Press correspondent says the
Japanese surrounded the First and Fourth
Russian Corps and added that help could
not be sont to them. Their fate Is not
recorded, and the inference Is that they
have suffered either defeat or capture.
The censor no doubt took out of the dis
patch what really happened to these
corps. The flrst Is Stakolberg's old corps
which has borne the brunt of every bat
tle since Vafangow. and the Fourth, un
der General Zaroubaleff, has been In the
thick of all battles. Rennenkampffs fate
Is still In the balance.
Oyama's Prediction Made Good.
The Japanese report the capture of
some rolling stock of the light military
railway built along the Shakhe position
and the road which runs from the main
line along the south bank of the Hun
River toward the Fushun mines. The
confidence of the Japanese Is shown In
the statement published by Field Mar
shal Oyama to his army early In the week
that they would be In Mukden Friday
morning. He was true to his word, for
early that morning the old Chinese capi
tal was In their hands.
The Russian, government and people are
determined as ever to continue the war.
The reigning family, through Grand Duke
Vladimir, has spoken, and Trill be hacked
by the official and military classes, -while
the feeling of the people, even the ad
vanced Liberals, Is expressed by the Russ,
the organ of the Liberal party. While
many "were opposed to the war, the Rus
sian ieople would resent a surrender to
Japan. Still. Jn Europe outside of Russia
there Is a feeling that peace trill follow
this latest disaster to Russian arms.
Kuropatkln's Line of Retreat Secure,
Though Japs Pound Both Sides.
ST. PETERSBURG, March 12. 2 A. MO
Russia still has an army In the Far
East and Its line of retreat Is not cut.
Field Marshal Oyama's trap was again
sprung too late to bag tbe prey he de
sired, and, though pounded on the rear
and both flanks by artillery anl losing
heavily la killed, wounded and prisoners,
Gentral Kuropatkin, with the main por
tion of bis forces intact, la falling slowly
back to Tie Pass, where a considerable
part of his army has already arrived and
Joined hands with the reserves "pre
paring a position behind which the beaten
army may find shelter.
General Kuropatkin himself, with the
rearguard, was reported Saturday after
noon In the vicinity of Syanzla, 23 miles
below Tie Pass, having accomplished some
15 miles of his retreat, and being already
beyond the Jaws of the trap as originally
set. How many of his men he was
obliged to leave behind and whether any I
of the units of his army were cut oft or
captured before the retreat began Is not
Relief in St. Petersburg.
Both General Kuropatkln's official dis
patch and that of the Associated Press
from Tie Pass were filed Saturday af
ternoon. The news contained In these
dispatches will cause unbounded relief In
St. Petersburg, which, In the absence of
any Information since Kuropatkln's la
conic "retreat begun," published Friday,
had come to believe Toklo rumors that
tbe entire army would be driven to the
mountains and forced to surrender. -A
long day's march, however, remains to
be accomplished, but the retreat now pre
sents .no tactical difficulties and is be
lieved to be largely a question of shaking
off the pursuing Japanese from Its flanks
and rear, and apparently no longer a mat
ter of cutting Its way through a formid
able force.
The Associated Press dispatch from Tie
Pass was filed with great difficulty by the
correspondent, who left Mukden with the.
rearguard, spent Friday with General
Kuropatkin and took a long ride to Tie
Pass Saturday morning, aftrj which he
again returned ;to the front.
The dispatch Indicates the strategy of
Field Marshal Oyama's double-turning
movement. The attack on the cast side
Is regarded as a feint, but as bavin? been
designed to have the Jaws of the trap
closing east and west meet at the' village
of Tawan, on. the' Mandarin road, where
a mountain range pointing like a gigantic
finger south westward toward Mukden, be
gins to slope sharply away from the road
and the railway. General Nogl's share In
the scheme has already been sufficiently
chronicled. General Kuroki was to spring
the other jaw, which, closing In between
Sadlaputze and Madzyadanl and, striking
the river at Fu Pass, bit deeply Into the
Russian flank and was all but sprung shut.
Whether General Rennenkampffos corps
or even General Llnevltch's army was cut
.off .to the eastward by this stroke, or
whether they had already turned on the
central army. It Is Impossible to learn;
but, even if these forces are cut off, they
might have a chance of conducting a re
Escape Due to Kuropatkin.
According to the Associated Press dis
patch from Tie Pass, General Kuropatkin
seems before the- battle to have yielded
his decision to- -retire to Tie Pass to the
united decision of his principal Generals,
who were In favor of standing at the
Shakhe River and offering battle, and.
later on. In ordering a retreat, to have
gone counter to the opinion of tbe same
council. Events show the decision was
taken not a moment too soon. The credit
of bringing off the army, therefore. Is
largely Kuropatkln's, as he took personal
charge of the rearguard and exposed him
self as fearlessly, and recklessly as tbe
merest-man on the fighting line. What
ever may be the verdict of history with
regard to the generalship In the battle.
nothing but the highest praise can be ex
tended the Russian rank and file, who in
clude a line stamp of men.
Whether the retreat will pause at Tie
Pass or whether the army will make Its
next stand further along on the road to
Harbin will depend on the extent to which
Kuropatkin has Improved tbo naturally
strong 'advantages of this position, and
the condition of his army, especially the
extent of the supply of munitions and ar
tillery, and largely to the condition of the
pursuing Japanese, whose exhaustion may
be too great to enable them to push home
a determined attack at Tie Pass.
Kaulbars' Capture Reported
Among th'e rumors current In St. Pe
tersburg yesterday was one that General
Kaulbars and his staff were among the
captured. It is Impossible to obtain con
firmation of this or any ofi the other ru
mors assigning various speclttc portions
of the Russian army to the fate of their
Port Arthur brethren. It appears best to
await authentic Information before Jump
ing at .conclusions.
In Rusela's dark hour of defeat the In
fluentlal newspapers raise no voice.
number of them attribute the major por
tion of the blame for a long scries of re
verses, not to military causes, but to the
faulty Internal organization of the coun
trv. The Novoe vremya In a burst
bitterness lays all to the door of the bu
reaucracy, as was the case In- the Crimean
The government. In sharp denial
peace rumors, shows that at present, at
least, there :s no latenuon or suing for
peace, and intimates that the first over
tures therefor must emanate, not from
Russia, but from Japan.
Dr. Harper Going to Europe.
CHICAGO. March 1L President Will
lam Harper, of the University of Chi
cago, has so far recovered from the ef
fects of his recent surgical operation for
cancer that he feels equal to taxing
lone Journey. It was reported at the Uni
versity today that he would leave next
week for Europe Two destinations are
given Carlsbad and Italy but Dr. Har
per will reserve choice until Monday.
Chief of Police Under
Cross Examination.
Puts Different Construction on
Declares That Lee Was Transferred
for Spending Too Much Time
in Restaurants, Not for
Reporting Saloons.
The continuation of the investigation
Into the charges made against Chief of
Police Hunt by Councilman Flegcl took
place yesterday afternoon at the Central
Police Station. The trial was not con
cluded, and yesterday s testimony con'
sis ted. of the evidence of Judge Hogue,
called by Mr. Flcgel, the Introduction of
documents, extracts from the police rec
ords and letters, and the statement and
cross-examination of Chief Hunt. The ln-
cstigatlon will be resumed the latter
part of this week, at which time Chief
Hunt will Introduce witnesses, among
whom will be Captain Bailey, officers of
the second night relief, and saloonkeep-
Mr. Flegcl opened the session by read
ing General Order No. 156, Issued by Po
lice Headquarters under the signature of
Chief Hunt December 2, ISM. The order
was addressed to the Captains of the
night reliefs, and reads:
'It will be the duty of the Captain of
the second night relief to see that all sa
loons are closed at 1 o'clock A. M. One
ear ago Judge Hogue rendered a decision
In relation to saloons being open after
hours. It was to the effect that If sa
loon doors were closed and locked, the
fact that persons remaining in the saloon
and no sales were made the ordinance
was not violated. But when persons wore
In saloons after 'hours designated by law.
and were standing at the bar drinking or
sitting at tables, and were , furnished
liquors cr cigars by the proprietor or any
employe, it was in violation of the law.
The Captains of Police will be gov
erned by this decision In reference to sa
loons being open after hours. Complaints
that are made of persons violating this
order will be made to the Chief of Police
by all officers who have knowledge of the
violation of this ordinance, who will him
self swear to complaints In the Police
'Chief of Police."
After reading the general order. Mr.
Flegel asked that Judge Hogue be ealled
to the witness stand. City Attorney Mc
Nary, who was present, swore the wit
Don't Recall Opinion.
I do not recall any decision or opinion
ever given Chief Hunt by me," replied
Judge Hogue.
Flegel Do you knowfflcer Lee?
Hogue I do. .
Flegel Do you recall the time Officer
Lee was transferred from his beat In the
hearf of the city to a beat in a suburb?
Hogue I do,
Flegel Do you remember any comment
occasioned by this transfer?
Hogue xes.
Flegel What was the nature of this
Hogue The comment was to the effect
that Officer Lee was transferred because
he reported certain saloons on his beat
as violating the closing ordinance.
Flegel Were complaints ever made on
th'e cases Lee reported as violating the
Thinks No Complaints Were Made.
Hogue I think not; however, I cannot
swear as to that.
Chief Hunt Judge Hogue, do you not
remember that Mr. Fitzgerald asked you
In open court, when I was present, to tell
what constituted a violation of the clos
lng ordinance
Hogue I have often talked with Mr.
Fitzgerald about this ordinance.
Chief Hunt Did you ever say that. If
there was no sale of liquor .after hours.
there was no violation of the ordinance?
Hogue No; I never said Just that.
Chief Hunt Did you not say that
proprietor had a- right to remain In his
saloon after hours to count his cash and
read his cash register?
Hogue Yes. sir; be has that right.
Chief Hunt Do you actually know
whether Policeman Lee ever reported any
case or cases?
Hogue Not from my own knowledge.
Chief Hunt Do you actually know
whether Officer Lee was removed from
his beat by msbr by his Captain?
Hogue I know nothing about that, sir.
Chief Hunt Takes the Stand.
After Judge Hogue bad given testimony.
Chief Hunt asked to be sworn, and took
the stand.
T wish to make a statement." said
the Chief. "At my request. Deputy City
Attorney Fitzgerald asked Judge
Hogue In open court and In my pres
ence how His Honor would construe
the ordinance. Judge Hogue stated that
the proprietor of a saloon or peort
had a rlctat to remain In his place of
accounts, and that ta fact that there
were persons In the saloon "who were
not purchasing drinks or 'drinking did
not constitute a violation of the ordi
Says Johnson Perjured Himself".
-In reference to .the testimony of ex
Officer Johnson, -who- testified under
oath that I made the statement "J
-. Johnson, you hadn't ought to
say that before a police committeeman
I wish to state that Johnson's state
ment Is absolutely false and that when
he made that statement he willfully
committed perjury. t never had such a
conversation with Officer Johnson, and
never used those words to blm or any
other officer. Officer Johnson, was
charged with entering a saloon at
Third and Jefferson street, after
hours, and remaining there and after
ward making no report to that effect.
He was tried before the police, commit
tee and they rendered judgment. Mr.
Beebe and Mr. Sichel conducted the In
vestigation; I took; no part in it what
ever, and there Is nothing In the evi
dence taken during: that trial to war
rant the Chief of Police In addressing
such remarks to Johnson as he said I
made. I say again that'hls testimony In
this particular Is absolutely false and
that ho committed perjury."
Chief Hunt." said Flegel, "was
Johnson tried for not reporting that
saloon open?"
"He was," replied the Chief.
Flegel When Johnson gave that tes
timony and I remarked upon It, I re
ferred to another case, and not this
trial at alL. I referred to a case where
two officers were tried for receiving
Chief Hunt It Is the same case.
Flcgel Who were the officers
charged and tried for receiving bribes?
The Fitzgerald Letters.
Chief Hunt Officer Price and Officer
Flegel Was the evidence In that
case taken down In shorthand and
properly transcribed?
Cnlcf Hunt It was.
Flegel In referenco to that general
order did you not write Mr.- Fitzgerald
letter on February 2. 1904, asking
about the closing ordinance and re
quGsting to be told what constituted a
Chief Hunt I did.
Mr. Flegel here introduced the let
ter and asked: "Did you write that let
Chief Hunt replied that he did.
Mr. Flegel then read another letter.
dated the day following, and written
at the bottom of the letter from the
Chief, and asked If that was the
Cnlf-f Hunt", replied: "It Is."
Flegcl Judge Hogue's decision
then, was made prior to the Writing of
the letter?
Chief Hunt Yes, sir.
Tne Chief In reply to further ques
tlons asserted that the City Attorney
had said that unlt.-ss there was a sal
of liquor there was not sufficient cvl
dence to convict. Generol order No. 15
was In force -at the present time. He
n a J asked the Deputy City Attorney for
information respecting It.
Flegel Is this the Teply you received?
Mr. Fl6gel then read the. letter from the
Concluded "on rie 10.)
The Weather,
TODAT'S Occasional rain;
winds mostly
YESTERDAY'S -Maximum temperature.
de?.; minimum. 51. Precipitation. 0.02 Inch.
The War In the Far -Bast.
Kuropatkin making- rood hl retreat to Tie
Fats. Face 1.
Description of scenes along- his line
march. Page 1.
Japanese fall to close the trap, but two
Russian army corps are cut off. page 1-
Itussla scorns Idea, of peace. Page
Baltic fleet awaiting reinforcements. Pag I.
Polish peasants rebel against use of Rus?
siaa language, rage is.
King Edward's honors to Admiral Davis.
Page 3.
Americans buy building for Embassy In
Paris. Page 3.
Senate will decide on Dominican treaty this
weeic Page 13.
Investigation of railroad rates begins Tues
day. Page 13.
Sale of very young girls as wives common
In Chicago. Page 3.
Mrs. Chadwick convicted of swindling Ober-
nn Dante pagb t.
Mrs. Cody under control of clairvoyants.
Pacific Coast.
Washington Legislature appropriated over
$3,000,000 atjrecent session. Page 6.
Senator Mitchell will reach Portland to
morrow afternoon. Page C.
Theory advanced that Mrs. Stanford's death
was accidental. Page 6.
Three Idaho people are heirs to $4,000,000
each. Page 7.
Portland nine gets down to work at Bakers-
Held. Page 14.
Seattle golf players come to meet Portland
experts. Page 14.
Commercial and Marine.
Two - cent drop In wheat at Chicago.
Page IS.
Spurt In Chesapeake & Ohio stimulates stock
market. Page 13.
New York bank statement shows Tew
changes. Page 15.
Firm market for cured fruits at San Fran
cisco. Page 15.
Large orders placed In Portland tor hay for
shipment to Orient. Page 14.
Steamer M. F. Henderson chartered by Reg
ulator Company. Page 14.
Portland and Vicinity.
No extra session seems likely. Page 12.
T. W. C A. Issues warning to unemployed
women not to come to Portland looking
tor work, page jo.
Smooth scheme Is exposed. Page 12.
Chamber of Commerce plans Important
fhanefs. Pace 9.
Chief of Police Hunt appears as a witness
for hlmsell. Page a
Prizes will be given school children for the
best-kept lawns, page 8.
Improve the city. Is the slogan of the Civic
improvement itosxa. .rare n.
Struggle for the Mayoralty nomination has
begun. Page v.
Features and Department!.
Editorial. Page 4.
Church announcements. Page 25,
Classified advertisements. Pages 2G-3L
Coming marriage of .Germany's future Em
peror. Page jo.
Frank G. Carpenter's letter. Page 37.
With the man tn the tower on the draw.
Page 3.
Rival mammas. Page ZS. t
Is It possible for a criminal to reform?
Page 3&,
Stories from Dickens. Page 30.
Tn English Peers own 325 saloons. PageSS.
How tne cmer nan. oi me woria lives.
Tr 23.
I RetHrn of Sherlock Holmes. Pages 44-45.
J American -woman's adventures In Congoland.
, :
Pare 'Ss.
rat, b
Jottings of Llm Jueklla. Page 37. .
Social. Pages 20-21. V ;
Dramatic Pages 38-19.
Unusual. Page 26.
Borne Dressmaking. Page 41.
Household and fashions. Pago ,40.
Youth's esrt3Bt. Psr "
'resident Confers With
Heney on Frauds.
Case Against Mitchell Is Pro
nounced Perfect.
No Evidence Yet Produced That He
i'ook Money Williamson Also
Has Chance of Escape Other
Indictments Coming.
ington. March 11. "Go to the very bot
tom; spare no man who Is guilty, but
injure none who Is Innocent."
This In effect was President Roose
velt's last word to District Attorney
Hecey. as the prosecutor of the Oregon
land fraud cases was leaving the
White House today after a final con
By special invitation of the President,
Mr. Heney, Special Agent Burns. Secre
tary Hitchcock and .Attorney-General
Moody took luncheon at the White House
today, and again and for the last time
prior to the trials went over the Oregon
situation, reviewing what has already
been accomplished and what will be In the
near future. The President was fully ad
vised of what he may expect when the
Federal grand jury reassembles In April,
and was told just what results the Gov
ernment expects when those many cases
are brought to trial during the coming
Perfect Case Against Mitchell.
Many important fact? were brought out
at today's conference. Primarily the
President was assured that the Gftvern-
ment has "a perfect case" against Sena
tor Mitchell, And Is extremely confident
of securing his conviction. Not only does
the Government expect to convict the
Senator of violating the statute prohibit
ing Senators from accepting fees for work
before the departments, but of unlaw
fully accepting money from S. A.
Puter. as alleged In his first Indictment,
and for similarly receiving money from
other persons. The Government Is also
satisfied that It will be able to establish
the charge that he conspired with Her
mann and others to defraud the Govern
ment of Its public lands. In fact, so con
fident are the Government's prosecuting
officers that they can convict Mitchell
that they no longer have any concern
over his case.
Not So Strong Against Hermann.
There Js more anxiety over the case of
Representative Hermann In Oregon. The
President and all the men who are work
ing In connection with the land fraud
cases are fully satisfied that Hermann is
deeply Involved, but they have from the
flrst experienced great difficulty In get
ting hold of evidence that will carry con
viction to a Jury. The evidence so far ac
cumulated tends to show that Hermann
was In hearty sympathy with many prop
ositions advanced by Senator Mitchell, and
that he tepcatedly acted In accordance
with Mitchell's requests, often when the
law hardly Justified, but no proof has yet
been produced to show that Hermann re
ceived money from Mitchell or from any
other person for becoming a party to
Mitchell's schemes, and lack of this very
evidence Is the weak spot In the Govern
ment's case. There is hope, however, of
securing more evidence before Hermann
la brought to trial.
Missing Link In Williamson Case.
The strongest case against Representa
tive Williamson, so the President was
told, lies in his Indictment for auborna
tlon of perjury. The Government believes
it has evidence which will convict him on
that charge and hopes to be able to show
that "Williamson, with his partner, Dr.
Gesner, furnished money to persons mak
ing" timber entries In Eastern Oregon,
with the understanding that the lands,
when patented, should be turned over to
them. But the Government has an Ink
ling of the defense which Williamson will
make, and Is somewhat concerned. It
Is feared that he and his partner may be
able to show that whatever money was
loaned to? settlers was loaned by Gesner,
and that Williamson had no knowledge
of It. It Is further feared that It may
be shown that title to the land3 In ques
tion does not now rest with Williamson or
hl3 partner. In this event this case will
Conspiracy Case Not Strong.
The Indictment of Mitchell, Hermann'
and Williamson for conspiracy in connec
tion with the proposed Blue Mountain
forest reserve Is not regarded as a strong
one. Much Is yet needed In the way of
evidence to- strengthen the Government's
contention. In this Instance, the fact re
mains that there Is no Blue Mountain re-'
serve; that, even If these men did con
spire and did get hold of large tracts of
lands within the proposed reserve, .they
have not profited thereby; the Govern
ment has lost nothing; the state has lost
nothing, for the reserve has never been
created, and these imen have not obtained
any Ilea base, but merely have lands
which they obtained by settlement or pur
chase. The further fact that, when this
reserve is created, all private holdings
will be excluded is additional assurance
that these men. If they did conspire, can
not profit by their transactions. The Gov
ernment; realizes that this array of tacts
will tend to create sympathy for the ac
- cused, and make it difficult tor secure con
viction on this Indictment. Furthermore
4 conspiracy is the hardest thing to prove,
and the records of the Land Office In
Washington show anything but conspi
racy between these three men la regard
to this reserve; according to the records,
they worked at cross-ourposes from start
to finish.
Working Against Odds,
"tt was explained to the President that
the Government, In pressing Its cases
against Mitchell, Hermann. Williamson
and other men long prominent in Oregon
politics. Is working against heavy odds.
There is admitted to have been material
sentiment In Oregon in favor of Mitchell
and some of the others Indicted with him.
it will require very strong proof to over
come this prejudice, though a great step
In. that direction was made when Judge
Tanner was forced to confess. That con
fession shook the confidence of Mitchell's
lifelong supporters and friends; if as
strong proof can be secured in the cases
against the other men under Indictment,
the Government feels confident It will
District Attorney Heney left for New
York this afternoon, and will go from
there direct to San Francisco, reaching
Portland early In April. He told the
President there would be another large
batch of indictments when he got back
to Portland, but said the grand jury
would probably clean up its land business
in about a week, as Its programme is al
ready mapped out; it is known In advance
who will be Indicted and what the indict
ments will be, as most of the evidence
was produced before the Jury took a re
cess. Who- Is to be indicted, could not oe
Will Not Involve Fulton.
Mr. Heney stated, however, that no at
tempt would be made to Involve Senator
Fulton In the land fraud cases. It is un
derstood that several Federal officials in
Oregon and men prominent in business
circles and in politics will be Included In
the new list of Indictments, and in all
probability further indictments will be re
turned against Representative Hermann.
As previously announced In these dis
patches, the land fraud cases will not be
brought to trial In Portland until the flrst
of June. They will then be pressed vigor
ously. At the conference today the Attor
ney-General said he could not tell when
Hermann- would be tried In this city, but"
some plan would be arranged that there
should be no conflict with his trial In
Northwestern Affairs at Capital.
ington, March 1L The application of W.
J. Welch, J. C. Chistensen, L. T. Wilcox,
C.H. Franclsc and. Frank locnnlg for
authority to organize the National Bank
of Haines, Oregon, with 52,000 capital.
has been approved by the Comptroller of
the Currency.
Chester M. Cox has been appointed reg
ular, Russel Smith substitute rural free
delivery carrier route 3, at Salem, Or.
F. 1. Thomas has been appointed Post
master at Cinnabar, Lewis COunty,
Wash., vice William A. Baynei r3sgned.
Consulate for Editor Ift.
ington, March llr-Scnator Heyburn today
asked the President to find some consular
position for George N. Ift, editor of the
Pocatello Tribune, and received an assur
ance- that an effort would be made to
place Ift. No office is yet selected, but a
Canadian consulate Is preferred.
Recent Arrival From Madagascar
Contradicts Report of Return.
CHICAGO, March 11. A special to
the Dally News from Port Louis, Maui
ritlus, says:
"Accordlng to the captain of the
steamer Akhbar, which arrived here
today from Vohemar. a seaport on the
northeast coast of Madagascar, not far
from Nosslbe Island, the Russian Baltic
fleet was still there on March 8."
Explanation of Return of Russian
Ships to Jibuti!.
PARIS, March 11. The French gov
ernment has not been advised that the
squadron commanded by Admiral Ro-
jestvensky is returning to Jlbutll. but
It Is the understanding that part of the
squadron is returning for the purpose
of convoying the Russian third Pa
clflc squadron until the concentration
is effected with Rojestvensky.
The Socialists threaten to "raise
debate in the Chamber of Deputies
criticising France's action In permit
ting the Russian ships to stop in Mad
a gas car waters.
Doubasoff Explains Movements of
Rojestvensky's Fleet.
PARIS, March 11. VIce-Admiral
Doubasoff, who has arrived here from
London on his way to St. Petersburg,
In an interview with the Echo de Paris,
says Admiral Rojestvensky's squadron
Is not returning to the Baltic Sea, but
Is simply cruising and awaiting the ar-
rival ol ins iiuru snuu.uiuu uuuer Ad
miral Nebogatoff. When this junction
Is made they will proceed Immediately
to the Far East.
Admiral Doubasoff. declared that
peace In the Far East is Impossible. He
asserts that Russia ultimately must
win, whatever the cost In men, money
or time.
French Believe Japan Will Push on
to Harbin.
PARIS, March 11. Concerning the
peace rumors, a semi-official denial" has
been Issued relative to the report of
the Daily Graphic of London that the
Czar had expressed his willingness to
begin negotiations for peace. Notwlth
standing this denial. It Is gathered that
the events of the next few days may
have an- important innuence upon
peace, although an overwhelming Jap
anese victory Is considered In the high
est quarters as likely to retard Instead
of advance peace.
This is based on the theory that the
Japanese army, flushed with victory,
will not halt until the full measure of
success Is attained by reaching Harbin,
thus giving a period of Intense mili
tary activity. In which there would be
little opportunity .for the mature- con-
I slderatioa' of peace.
Kuropatkin Makes a
Safe Retreat .
Seeing Its Jaws, Sends
ArmyOutof Reach.
Japanese Shell-Fire Fails to
Cause Stampede.'
At Enormous Sacrifice
and With
Great Skill, Russian
Saves His Army From Com
plefe Destruction.
TIE PASS, March 11 (10:38 P. M.).
At 7 o'clock- Friday morning a great
explosion which blew ,up the Hun River
bridge and an immense cloud of smoke
from the burning settlement gave In
disputable testimony of General Kuro
patkln's decision to relinquish also the
second of his great positions a decis
ion which was known on Thursday.
The army was withdrawing all tha
latter half of the night, while the
houses of the settlement had been va
cated earlier and the light left burning.
Morning showed, through the great
smoke clouds, low lying for mlle3 about
the settlement, armies three and four
deep in all the main roads moving
north along iba eat side at the" rail
way. '
The battle still centered north- of
the Imperial tombs, with occasional
shots along the Hun Rivera where
later on an opening permitted the Jap
anese to maKe a quiCK advance ana
dash toward their main operation with
the purpose of concentrating and cut
ting off the Russians.
At 11:30 the Japanese had partly-
succeeded, for at Tawan with shrapnel
they shelled three sides oi a rectangle.
where the main army was moving with
great exertion over inadequate thor
oughfares. The Japanese, however, ac
complished at this place nothing mora
.v.n a mnmontiirv statrmede and.
ny, sni,iier rnzed hv Its effects.
threatened to sh",ot a correspondent in
. .,v. ,t )r?e.Mrt for'hlm-
tw. nrrfianondent observed every-"
' amtrWa coolness which
Attt th Russian army
thrm,ehotlt lts trying retreats of the
past year.
Retreat a Wonderful Feat.
Thto retreat must be reckoned as a won
derful feat. For miles inrantrymen ana
baggage-wagons today strew the line of
march. For rapidity, the Japanese move
ments for the flrst time were outstripped
bv the Russians withdrawing. The Rus
sians, perhaps, had more at stake than
. ' with the JaDanese.
The ot tne retreat occurred
at dusk, when the rearguard troops and
the transport, which nas reacnea otrn-
tlatze. ten miles north of Mukden, sud
denly "received a- rifle and grenade assault
from Japanese, which produced a stam
pede. The success of the Japanese m
closing against the armies trying to get
away from the extended Hun River bridge
position was evident.
In ordering a retreat. General jvuropai-
kln Is said to have declared It was dona
In order to satisfy protesting opinion, and
that, whatever the blame, he would take
it, which. In the light of- events, seems to
show that he best knew the capacity oi
the soldelrs.
Escaped Cronje's Fate.
The battle on the right flank and around
Mukden appears to be the greatest of the
J ar, except at Port Arthur. During tne
tirHhi dust storm of Thursday, the
Japanese, with macnine guns, occupieu
several empty houses In a village held
by the Russians, and otherwise battered
their position west of the railroad, so that,
when the retreat came, with Japanese
shells on all sides, It suggested another
Cronje Incident. For ten hours not a man,
not a horse, rested, while the wounded
were being gathered up on the tw.o sides,
In the rear and often In the center, and
every energy was bent toward getting out
of the trap, the Jaws of which were al
most upon the Russians.
At Santlatze, the Associated Press cor
respondent, with others. lost all hl3 bag
gage In the retreat.
Many bodies of troops were encountered,
some of them- In advance and some In the
rear, which were constantly mistaken for
Japanese. Tbe forty miles' retreat was
accomplished in i t nours. xt was vinuaiiy
throUsh fields of dust; which made it im-
I nosplble to see any distance. A great
amount ot the equipage. 'ammunition, guns
and stores of the Russians were lost.
"The lossea on both sides are reckoned,
at 140,000 for the entire fight.
Russians Dispute Ground Doggedly
Direct Cause of Retreat.
TIE PASS, March 11 (2 P. M.) For
tConcluded oa-Hdrd Page.)