The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, March 05, 1905, Image 4

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    THE SUNDAY OBEGOMAN, -PQBTLAND, HAflCH 5, 1&05.
Entered at the Postoffice &t Portland. Or..
as second-class matter.
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PORTLAND, SUNDAY, MARCH B, 1005.
11
DIRECT PRIMARY UPHELD.
By unanimous decision, the four
Multnomah Judges have upheld the va
lidity of the direct primary law in its
application to the coming city election.
The court took the broad view that the
purpose of the act ought not to be de
feated by minor lapses or uncertainties
as to registration. The County Clerk is
authorized, under this decision, to put
in motion the machinery of his office
for registration of all qualified electors
who desire to have voice in the municl
pal nominations of their respective par
ties. Now we shall know what the direct
primary does for the Candidate, the
party, the public, and the "machine."
we may be uncertain about its work
ings in several of these respects, but in
the present state of the public mind we
may have little doubt that direct nomi
nations will at this time seriously ham
per the successful workings of the Re
publican "machine." Why? Because
old methods must be entirely aban
doned, new conditions met, and the in
dividual voter reached and influenced
by some scheme not now obvious. How
to beat the primary is an unsolved
problem for the boss. A condition a
very substantial and dismaying condi
tion, indeed and not a theory, con
fronts him. What is he going to do?
He doesn't know. He frankly says
so. It had long been contemplated that
tho Jaw could be circumvented with
more or less ease by holding a conven
tion before the primary, nominating a
cull ticket, and submitting it to the pri
xnary in the expectation that it would
there toe indorsed. Why could not an
organization influence the rank and file
of the party to nominate as "regular"
at a primary the candidates who were
known to be stamped with its favor?
Concerted effort and party regularity,
with a "pull" exerted in every precinct
in city or county, ought to count heav
ily against the mere Individual enter
prise of .the single candidate who would
have to depend upon his own personal
standing and popularity. But recent
painful events seem to have made this
convention project impracticable. The
leaders will not lead, the followers ap
pear to ba -cheerfully, not to say enthu
siastically, deserting the sinking ship.
Of course we shall have a regular Re
publican ticket at the coming primary;
but, unless the "organization" changes
its mind, or finds its mind, it will be
made up of many men of many pur
poses who will proclaim their own mer
its and submit their names to the Re
publican primary for place on the
"regular" ticket.
Perhaps it is Just as well that we are
to have a regular ticket formed in this
aulte irregular manner; but regret may
nevertheless be expressed that the "or
ganization" does not offer a ticket of its
own to the primary, bo that all may
see, first, what it would look like, and,
second, what would happen to it.
OREGON HELPS ITSELF.
For a railroad into Tillamook, citi
zens of that count' have all but sub
scribed a $55,000 subsidy and a long
promised and much-desired project
seems in fair way of achievement If
the KilUngsworth car-exchange bill has
helped the project along, well and good.
Harriman Interests profess desire to
build the Tillamook road as soon as
convinced it will pay.
But very few roads have been bunt
that way in Oregon Indeed, not more
than one or two. If the promoters of
the O. R. & N. and the Oregon & Cali
fornia had waited until those enter
prises should pay, most of Oregon
would yet be a wilderness.
Perhaps after the Tillamook road
shall have been built, Its absorption
by the'Southera Pacific will be deemed
advisable by Mr. Harriman. If so, Ore
gon' will be a gainer from independ
ent enterprise and Mr. Harriman's in
terests will profit also. Independent
railroad projects have accomplished
much for Oregon in fact, they have
been Oregon's chief means of railroad
progress trom early days until the pres
ent hour, and owing to the policy of
Harriman interests in this state may
be the. "chief means in future.
The Klickitat road, built by Portland
Jlpital as un Independent project, .has'
opened a district In Washington and
connected It commercially with Port
land. It has been absorbed by one of
the great railroad interests. If Port
Uand capitalists had waited for the
Northern Pacific or the O. R. & N. to
build the road, would the whistles of
locomotives now be heard In Golden
dale? Perhaps npt; probably not.
WHO CAN PROTECT tttk BORROWER:
Mr. John. Proudflt no doubt accurate
ly describes, In a communication made
public yesterday.-the pestiferous indi
vidua! whom he designates as the 'loan
shark." Without doubt also he pre
sents truthfully the evil effects of the
shark's methods of doing business as
applied to young men "about the docks'
and elsewhere in this city who are
working for wages. These he induces
to hypothecate their wages before they
are earned, paying for the privilege
usurious Interest and a bonus that
makes the wage-earner a slave to debt
without hope of deliverance.
There Is no reason whatever to doubt
the statements thus made. What then?
A city ordinance to protect these weak
lings from the salary-engulfing sharks.
suggests Mr. Proudflt. The solution
seems easy, since no doubt the Com
mon Council could be wrought upon by
facts and figures to enact an ordinance
that would heavily increase the ex
penses attendant upon carrying on this
nefarious business. Unfortunately,
however, no legislation, city, state or
National, has been devised that can. be
depended upon to protect a man
against himself. Detest as we may and
do the "loan, shark" for his peculiar
business methods, his victim all of our
pity, all of our care, all of our anxi
ety, cannot protect.
The situation as described by Mr,
Proudflt Is the exact counterpart of
that in which thousands of illiterate
negroes in the South find themselves in
relation to their employers. Men who
have studied the negro question at
close range tell us that debt keeps the
colored people In a bondage to their
employers as hopeless as that which we
were wont to term slavery. The negro.
a child in finance, coveting gewgaws
that attract his eye and amusements
that cater to his rude pleasures, sells
his labor in advance to procure these
things. He finds himself by this means
speedily involved in debt which he can
not hope to liquidate, with his earn
ings, and still have enough to meet his
dally necessities- He cannot, forobvi
ous reasons, quit one employer and go
to another and begin over again, nor
can he by any means within the com
pass of his handicapped endeavor get
out of debt. Thus his bondage becomes
perpetual and his condition that of a
veritable slave who works ceaselessly
and hopelessly for a hand-to-mouth liv
ing. If there is any difference between the
chains that Ignorance and childish pan
dering to present desires have forged
upon multitudes of so-called "free ne
groes" of the South, and those that
bind the intelligent and really free
wage-earners among us, it is difficult
to discern it. Something may be done,
perhaps, to abate this evil that is ab
sorbing the substance of many young
men who are wage-earners, but it may
be submitted that no law has yet been
framed, and no scheme devised, where
by men, young or old, white or black,
can be protected from the desire to
spend their earnings In foolish ways
when this spending brings them what
they are convinced they want In the
way of so-called pleasure whether of
dress, gaming, the Indulgence of gross
appetites, or any form of amusement.
Early training In ways of economy
and thrift can alone insure this protec
tion. The temptation may come in the
form of a "loan shark," bland, smiling,
plausible, who offers to advance money
on the yet unearned salary; or it may
come in any one of a dozen other ways.
One thing is sure. It will come, and
unless the tempted wage-earner has
good common sense Joined to self-restraint,
and is thus able to overcome
temptation, he will connive with the
tempter to evade any law that may be
made for his protection in order that
he may establish his "right" "so dearly
prized to spend his -own money as he
pleases.
The -writer remembers a careful
mother in the long ago who, to prevent
her girl and boy, of three and five
years, from going outside the dooryard
to play, shut the gate and tied -it se
curely with a stout rope. This device
succeeded (unless she forgot to adjust
the rope every time the gate was used)
until the children thus forcibly re
strained from wandering in forbidden
ways became large enough to climb
the fence, and fleet enough of foot to
outrun the pursuing mother. A barbed
wire strung along the top of the fence
met for a 'time this new difficulty,
though not infrequently shreds of cloth
ing attested to Its futility. Tears
passed and the protected children went
to school, but much of the time they
had to be sought far and wide through
out the village at nightfall, having
failed to come home in obedience to the
mother's command. Still later but
why pursue the subject to its inevitable
conclusion? Suffice It to say, tempta
tion came, and, not having been taught
to resist it, they went down before its
allurements. The story is simple; its
moral is plain. He who runs may read,
and it would seem that the intelligent
in the great army of the tempted might
apply it.
THE MAN BEHIND THE BATE.
Except in the Senate of the United
States, there is an overwhelming senti
ment all over the country in favor of
enlarging the powers of the Interstate
Commerce Commission so as to include
the regulation of-railroad rates. With
reference to this big question an East
ern expert furnishes an article pub
lished in another part of this issue, well
worth reading. He asks: "What is an
equitable rate?" and then points out
that the traffic manager, familiar with
every consideration that enters into
transporting a commodity is and must
be the arbiter.
Without taking up the broad princi
ple of governmental regulation and con
fining himself strictly to the technique
of railroading, this writer defines the
duties of the man behind the rate,
shows clearly that a fixed rate is in
compatible with equity, that the Tate
system must be a barometer to reflect
exactly the commercial conditions of a
railroad's territory, and that it must be
elastic in order to meet changing condi
tions. He inquires pertinently whether
a paid Federal employe, even of high
honesty and efficiency, would havo the
same Incentive toward general excel
lence and care for detail as he would if
his livelihood and standing depended
on his success in individual cases ac
quired by special qualification and ex-
pertness.
Demand for regulation pirates by t2w
Interstate Commerce Commission can
not long be ignored. The Senate sooner
or later will yield to nubile clamor; still
it is worth while to learn from the ex
perienced traffic man what a. delieaf.
intricate problem will present itself
wnen the Commission undertakes to de
termine upon equitable freight rates
BOJIANCE OF TRADE.
Few persons would think of turning
to the daily reDOrtS Of the'Denartmpn
of Commerce and Labor for articles of
varied interest and flashes of romance.
yet with the spread of American com
merce no comer of the earth is too ob
scure to be noticed in the Government's
daily paper- Railroad progress near
ur or tne Chaldees and the aloe,
frankincense and myrrh ctods are de
scribed in the same number with the
plans for a new electric road in Lon
don or the damming of an ancient river
ror irrigation.
American, invention and industry now
auects the oldest and the most ad
vanced nations as well as the naked
peoples of Africa and the Pacific
Islands, and the reports of the consular
sentinels who are stationed on the out
posts ' make interesting reading for
every one. In the last four issues are
to be found reports dealing with trade
matters in Arabia. Mecca. Abresinla.
Persia, Syria. Formosa and several
other out-of-the-way countries. From
three ports in Arabia the United States
bought last year skins, coffee, ivory
and dates, valued at a little less than
$3,000,000. Consul Ravndal tells how the
railroad is gradually beintr extended to
the sacred and mysterious City of
Mecca, whither hundreds of thousands
of pilgrims annually Journey. Last
year on-e-flrth of these thousands suf
fered death or wounds at the hands of
the Bedouins, whose lands the route of
travel crosses, and this despite the
blackmail paid by the Turkish and
Egyptian governments. Soon the rail
road will displace the great caravans,
of which some contain 5000 camels, and
the faithful sons of Islam will reach the
sacred city on American rails. An
other Consul reports that Persia offers
a market for such dLverse articles as
umbrellas, candles, writing naDer and
automobiles. From a Consul In Syria
comes the story of the first railroad
bridge to be completed across the River
Jordan, and another official tells of an
electric plant which the Japanese In
Formosa are completing with Ameri
can machinery.
Of better-known countries there Is
much to be learned from these same
four Issues of "Uncle Sam's dally pa
per." It is noted, for instance, that
Japanese trade has been unusually
flourishing during the war. Another
report shows how German banks are
gradually being consolidated into a few
powerful groups, while statistics deal
ing with the economical administration
of Berlin's municipal affairs Is of inter
est to students of city affairs. Other
articles deal with such subjects as the
sale of American shorthorns In Argen
tina, the manufacture of macaroni In
tnls country, the test for foreign fire
arms in Belgium, American apples in
England but enoujrh has been said to
show the varied interests of American
producers and merchants in all parts of
the world. The romance of today cen
ters in trade. As Kipling said
Romance is dead and, all unseen,
Romance Drought up the nine-fifteen.
All over the world romance Is bring
ing up freight and passenger "nine-fifteens,"
and usually on American rails.
PORTLAND IS NEAR TO NATURE.
A few days of warm sunshine last
week brought on the first flush of
Springtime and sent thousands of peo
ple scurrying to the City Park, -the
heights and hundreds of other naturally
beautiful retreats which have been pro
vlded for Portland with lavishness ex
traordinary. To the traveled Port
lander who has experienced weeks and
months in the frozen whiteness of a
Winter In the Middle West or East, or
in the awful heat of the Summer time.
Portland always looks good Summer or
Winter, but never so beautiful as in the
Springtime. It is a little early yet for
the drone of bees and the scent of apple
blossoms, but the grand old mountains
and the miles and leagues of beautiful
country which He .between us and their
snow-capped summits loom up more
beautiful than ever, now that twilight
lingers longer and the sun beams forth
with more kindly warmth.
Nature has been so prodigal in her
gifts to Portland that we are somewhat
inclined to underestimate their value.
until Springtime awakens within us the
"call of the wild," that Indefinable in
stinct which centuries of life among
men and the works of men have not
succeeded in eradicating, and which
still bids us wander to the woods. It
is only in the surroundings of the new
cities of the Far West that it is still
possible for the eye and the mind to
feast on Nature's pictures unmarred
by art. The older-settled portions of
the country through which the Jugger
naut car of modern civilization and de
velopment has rolled for generations
will view no more the wild beauties of
Nature as they arc still In evidence In
the Far West. It is undoubtedly the
environment, the close proximity to Na
ture and her wonderful works that has
broadened the mind and strengthened
the character of the Western man.
Portland is an especially favored city
in the matter of surroundings, for Na
ture in all her greatness is ever before
us. A few minutes' ride from the heart
of the city in any direction will land
one amidst scenes of natural beauty
sucn as no language can properly de
scribe and no brush of the artist trans
fer to canvas. From a hundred view
points on the hills surrounding the city
the world-weary man can rest his eyes
on marvelous works of Nature which
neither the ravages of time nor the
vandal hands of man can mar. Looking
out above and beyond the bustling,
noisy city which he has Just left. Mount
Hood, Mount St Helens and other
snowcapped peaks, with their beautiful
setting of forest beneath and fleecy
clouds above, appeal to him as no work
of art ever can. In the contemplation
of these masterpieces of Nature, which
were looking down on the silvery
streams and green forests unnumbered
thousands of years ago, and will still be
standing guard thousands of years
hence, the beholder cannot be other
than Impressed with the evanescent na
ture of that strange mystery which we
call life.
A . few minutes by trolley-car will
bring the worshiper at this shrine of
Nature back to the city with all its
wealth and woe, poverty and crime,
back Into the mad race for fame
and fortune, back to where idols
are shattered every hour in the day.
and where the pursuit of Mammon
draws hard lines In the faces and over
the hearts' of men. There can be no j
true happiness in t&a ponlemp.lallon of-j
the misery that is ever before us in a.
city, but there is happiness in commun-
t ion with Nature, and it is -while the
earth Is flooded with Spring sunshine
that life seems brighter for all and we
return from these brief pilgrimages to
Nature's shrine with a kindlier feeling
for our fellow-man and a thankfulness
in -our hearts that our lines have been
"cast in pleasant places." Nature has
been kind to places other than Port
land, but for no other city has she
spread out such a grand panorama of
mountain, river and forest scenery as is
ever before the Portlanders.
INSIDE OF THE BEEF TRUST.
Less than two weeks -since the -relations
of the beef trust to the nubile
were before the courts and were being
held up in full lu?ht of nubile onlnion.
Their methods of forcing down the
price of cattle and of holding- up the
price of beef were exnosed. The alli
ance of the six great companies for
these purposes was denounced as con
stituting the trust. Obviously, it was
matter of public Interest to know the
net results of these transactions. Nbw
comes Commissioner Garfield, of the
Bureau of Corporations, and supplies
facts and figures gathered by his Inves
tigations. Some of his conclusions are
remarkable. The six great packing
companies are not overcapitalized.
There are no exchanges or communities
of stockowning, and the great majority
of the stocks is held by the packers and
their families.
The six companies slaughter about 45
per cent of the total of cattle killed In
the United States, but suddIv 98 ner
cent of the beef consumption of eight
great cities of the East, and send a
email proportion to the cities of the
South and West. But the net profits to
Swift & Co. for 1902-03-04 in no case
exceeded 2 per cent of the total sales
For the Cudahy Packing: Company for
jsvz tne profits were 2.3 per cent on the
total sales; for 1004, 1.8 per cent The
manner or cattle handled is enormous.
2.017,861 July 1. 1902. to July 1- 1903. and
2,013,658 July 1, 1903, to June 30. 1904.
Tet the net profit was but 80 cents per
head in 1903 and 82 cents in 1904.
To Oregon cattleraisers it is of inter
est to note that for the year July. 1902.
to July, 1903, the average weight of the
cattle was 1092 pounds, and the dressed
weight of beef 609 pounds. For the year
July, 1503. to July, 1904, average weight
of cattle was 1115 pounds, and dressed
beef 629 pounds. The effects of a better
corn crop are thus shown. For the for
mer year the cattle cost the packer
48.58 per head, while the cost of oner
atlng the plants was $1.90 per head. So
the total cost was $50.48. The beef
brought them $39.32, and all the by
products 511.96. so -the net profit on each
animal was only SO cents. Similar flcr-
ures for the second year show a net
profit of 82 cents per head.
If thl3 were the very bedrock of the
whole business, who would be a. 'packer?
To make an outlay of $50.48 to get a net
profit of 80 cents seems noor business.
And even on the immense number of
cattle dealt with 2,017,864 for that year
a net profit of $1,614,291 shows no ex
travagant percentage on the capital in
vested In the companies, which ap
proaches $100,000,000. And yet? In the
first place, no mention is made of sheen
and hogs. The Chicago and Kansas
City yards testify to the immensity of
mat business. In the next place, It was
stated two weeks back that th nt
earnings of Swift Sc Co. on a capital of
$35,000,000 stock exceeded $3,000,000. So
there must be some gold mine some
where. Probably in the refrigerator
cars, which, by the same report, yield
profits ranging from 14 to 17 per cent on
the capital invested in them. But even
then there seems a vast blank to be
filled up before the total reported profits
on the capital stock of the companies is
accounted for. An uneasy feellnir ac
companies the reading of this report
taat the half is not told.
THE POWER OP THE CARTOON.
The French poet said, "Let me make
the songs of the people, and I care not
who makes the laws." The death blow
to the Tweed ring in New Tork was
given by the bitter cartoons of Nast In
Harper's Weekly.
To be made the target for the pencil
of the satirist and the rough scoffs of
all classes reduces the- man br institu
tion assailed to the plight in which It Is
said that ridicule kills. But such ridi
cule must to be completely effective.
stand on a basis of fact, be kept within
the wide margin of taste, and, if the
pencil be the means used, must pass
muster as a work of artistic skill.
Nast's cartoons met all these points,
and they were deadly.
When the Standard Oil group openly
entered the railroad world and threat
ened the life of trade and business, in
addition to controlling the oil products
of all the states, a thrill of anger and
revolt shook the whole people. Through
this serious emotion runs also a sense
of the ridiculous, taking root in the ob
vious disproportion of the men and
means In action as compared with the
enormity of the ends they were in a
fair way to gain. Are these the men of
importance and strength enough to
wage a war against the American peo
ple? The cartoonist takes his pencil. In
Collier's Weekly one sees the essence of
this state of things as E. W. Kemble
draws it On the topmost ledge of the
temple of the American Senate, clear
against the sky, squat a whole row of
unclean vultures, iufi from their foul
feeding. The center bird, high on the
angle of the pediment bears an absurd
likeness to J. D. Rockefeller, skullcap
on his bald head, an air of satisfied
anuteness shown by one or two strokes
and dots of the pen. He -bears the
legend of the Standard Oil Trust, and
stretches his lazy wing over his next
neighbor, the Railroad Trust which
bird, from under that offensive shelter,
looks trustingly and affectionately up
Into his big brother's face. Next hlnf
comes the Steel Trust with J. P. Mor
gan's likeness apparent in -the vulture's
visage. Then the Beef Trust with
bound-up head, bearing the marks of
sore conflict Two or three more birds,
fading into distance, sitting there, but
not important enough -to- be named.
On the other side of the overpowering
vulture to the center pit the birds la
beled Coal Trust Ice Trust Sugar
Trust While they crowd as close as
may be to their champion, he is not in
actual touch, and. there is a, look of fear
on all their bird visages. The legend
writ large on the stone of the temple,
under these gorged, vultures, is, "Let
us prey." The sign on tho "S" of the
Seriate temple bears, by the double
strokes, the dollar-mark. Hanging be
low is the auctioneer's board, hung on
the wall, "Seats for sale." The pillars
are bound with red tape. Through the
murk and darkness o the overhanging-
cloud are seen, though indistinctly,' the
hpe --of nusafeerlMC jeer tedv & lur
rying on ragged wings, to find placa'
and home beside their comrades who
have taken time by the forelock, fed to
the full, and are now trying to digesU
He who runs may read. Is this not a
most bitter Jest? Tet who shall deny
Its application? If it help to stir the
people at large to the sense that the un
holy powers imagined in this guise are
essentially powerless as they are
greedy, it will have effected more than
a dozen articles on "Frenzied Finance"
and the Beef Trust and even the calm
history of Standard Oil. For the real
strength is In the Nation, and the
alarming powers of the trusts can be
kept in bounds and even driven alto
gether .from the structure of the body
politic If the Nation wills it so. Of
course the cartoonist Is an exaggera
tor. Like the caricaturist, he seizes
on the prominent and characteristic
feature of his victim. But unless he
has grasped a side angle, or even a full
face, of truth, his work misses its
mark and falls dead. In this, as in
every other appeal to the public, It is
truth that tells; sometimes It is the
truth in the sketch that hurts.
THE ATROPHY OF CONSCIENCE.
Just as one, by disuse, nezlect- or vio
lence to some powers of muscle or
brain, loses gradually the powers them
selves, so is it in the spiritual life. A
process of this nature, more or esa
complete, is the only explanation pos
sible or the anomalies which disfigure
so many lives admirable on various
sides.
A man is held up to odium, even to
execration, for his public acts robbery.
fraud, deceit oppression, even murder
and violence may be charged against
him. Tet his relatives and friends bear
willing witness that the private side of
nis lire is simply admirable. He is ac
cessible to those claims, he admits their
force, his conscience rings true on that
sme, and he answers to It Is it neces
sary to class such an one among the
Hypocrites Not unless he be a con
sctous deceiver. The atrophy may have
gone so far that in relation to the nub
ile side of the man he may have lost
all feeling. The acts stand for them
selves, it is true, and yet the doer of
them may be recommended to merer
In our private Judgment Custom, lax
society, necessity, ambition, have all
contriouted to the partial blindness of
the 'culprit On the one side, then,
pleads mercy for the man.
But for the public what danger lies
in the setting up of thl3 senarate and
diverse standard of right and wrong?
xne eftects are every day and hour an
parent It Is utterly wrong to steal
from the Individual to organize and
assist in corporate robbery and onnres-
slon is within the limits. To defraud
one's neighbor would be Inconceivable
to apply false balances In dealing with
the Nation or the state can be done.
and yet the doer expects to hold hi3
self-respect To multiply Instances Is
needless. The public Is no wiser or bet
ter than the Individuals who compose
it For public scandals and disgraces.
which today disfigure nearly every
days dispatches, depend on it that
there is no remedy excent In the awak
ening and recovery to sensitiveness of
"the puolic conscience. Fortunately, the
process of atrophy is both very slow
and Is arrestible in early stages. And
the best medicine for the community is
in tne influence of the awakened indi
vidual upon his fellows.
DISEASE IN PAPER MONEY.
Congress has recently considered a bill
to remove from circulation damaged
and dirty paper money. The bill no
doubt will be revived at the next .ses
sion. The bill Is based on sanitary con
siderations that an intelligent legislat
ive body can hardly ignore.
Dr. Thomas Darlington. Health Com
mlssioner of the City of Brooklyn, has
secured from an expert bacteriologist a
statement concisely coverinsr exnerl
ments in germ culture, with metal and
paper money. The experiments showed
that while disease-breeding possibilities
of coins were small, a dirty bill was
capable of sustaining 73.000 bacteria,
and that this growth could be main
tained for periods ranging from a few
days to One month. As the Brooklyn
Eagle says, there Is "a well-defined in
crease of risk" when we come to handle
material that has passed through the
hands -and been carried In. the pockets
of hundreds of people, many of whom
live In the most unsanitary neighbor
hoods and amid surroundings of filth
and squalor."
It Is easy to conceive that paner
money passing about In this way may
become a ready vehicle for annoying
and" dangerous diseases. Such money
may bear on Its surface, or carry in its
crinkles, the seeds of diphtheria, small
pox, tuberculosis and minor but no
les3 communicable maladies.
While it will not be possible to re
move all the dirty bills from circula
tion, the volume of such currency may
be greatly reduced by providing that
National banks shall pay out.only new
bills and through the Treasury shall re
tire all dirty, limp and crinkled paper
currency received -by them.
SPRING CLEANING ON THE PARM.
Within the next week or two the first
heralds of the migration will be coming
to Oregon, in the shape of farmers from
nearly every state in the Union. Invi
tations have been spread broadcast, and
every inducement that Oregon can of
fer has. been published far and wide.
The horses will surely be brought to the
water, but can they be made to drink?
Oregonlans owe it to themselves and
to the state that -the first impression on
interested visitors is one of pleasure,
satisfaction and admiration not of dis
appointment and -disgust Thousands
of farms in Oregon are for sale. Why
this is the case is a curious Inquiry, but
it Is so. Now Oregon in herself can be
trusted to do her part The visitors
win surely be charmed with the main
features of the places they visit Beau
tiful scenery, good land, excellent
transportation facilities generally,
abundant water, healthy-looking or
chards, plenty of schools, towns and
trading points in- abundance, all are
signs and tokens of a genial climate.
They will have inquired about the op
portunities and profits on the farm.
They will have been 4old of the earn
ings of tho dairy, the orchard, the flock
and the herd. They wHI be. they must
be, fully satisfied that Oregon farm
ing. If inspired with industry and in
telligence, shows rising profits smd big
opportunity for growth and expansion.
Filled with such ideas, the newcomer
wif be driven up to the farm. The
road from the nearest town may be In
fair condition certainly much Improved
over the pljgbt of a few years back.
How-will the approach to the house
look? Will there be a neat picket-
fenced yard in front where the rose
.Jrees and carnations have been cared
for, and the polyanthus and daffodils
are Jnst going out of bloom? Will
there be a bed of violets under the win
dows and the wall flowers In their
glory? Will the house have received a
coat of paint, say within the last two
or three years? The orchard trees
near by will be just ready to bloom.
Will the trees be clean and uniformly
pruned, and the orchard soil fine and
free of weeds? As he turns to the barn
and outbuildings, will all the planking
be in place, with no loose boards bang
ing in the wind? Will there be a side
walk from house to barn, or will the
approach be knee, deep In mud? And
the fences to the fields will many gaps
be. showing?
Now if our farming neighbors would
take a leaf from the storekeeper's book
and put some work and money Into
setting .forth the appearance and ad
vantages of what they have to sell,
what they expended would come back
four-fold on the sale of the farm. Here
we do not see ourselves as others see
us. If we did, some of U3 would set to
work changing- the outsides of our
places very quickly before the buyers
come round. This, sounds homely talk,
but, depend on It the observance of
these simple counsels means many
thousand dollars In the pockets of Ore
gon farmers.
Springtime is ushered in with sun
shine and swelling buds, and the bor
der line of Winter passed beneath the
meridian so gently as to leave hardly
a trace. Two or three flurries of snow
and twice or thrice a freeze such was
Oregon's Winter. And, now that Win
ter is gone, the weather man reports
the rainfall nearly eleven inches short;
the stockman exhibits cattle fat and
sleek, fed on growing grass all through
the Winter period; the dairyman shows
a happy bank account, made by steady
Industry of his cows; the sheepman
points to his herds untouched by rava
ges of cold, and the farmer tells of last
Fall's sowing unharmed. These mar
vels will have evidence at the Exposi
tion this year, and Portland's rose
bushes, now responding to the sun
shine summons, will tinge the tale with
beauty. Mount Hood lifts its peak
above the mists to say that It, too,
has come forth from somnolent' Winter
to face tho quickening warmth and to
thaw its springs for Hood River straw
berries and Portland gardens.
The bill prohibiting the taking of
sockeye salmon for two years was killed
at Olympla the day following the pass
age of the Railway Commission bill.
Its fate must have been very harrowing
to the feelings of Mr. Harry Falrchild.
who divided his time at Olympla be
tween the Railroad Commission bill and
the 6ockeye bill. For a time Mr. Fair
child seemed to be making very fair
progress in clubbing the Railroad Com
mission forces into line with the sack
eye bill, and clubbing the sockeye sup
port into line with the Commission bilL
In the end, however, the same difficulty
was encountered as is met by every
man who attempts to lift himself by
pulling his bootstraps. Had the sock
eye bill provided for a commlssloner
shlp, it might be alive today and the
Commission bill a corpse.
The total bonds and stock capitaliza
tion of the railroads of the United
States amounts to about $14,000,000,000.
This amount exceeds by $2,000,000,000
the combined national debts of Great
Britain, France, Italy and the United
States. The assets of the railroads are
greater, according to Henry C. Nicholas
In Public Opinion, than the entire Dro-
duction of gold since the discovery of
America in 1492. This accumulation,
together with the Industry that created
It, has been the product of less than
three-fourths of a century. This is
growth as exemplified in the changes
wrought by human intelligence and en
deavor during the latter half of the
nineteenth century.
There have been some remarkable
changes in transportation since the late
Henry Hudson steered for New . Am
sterdam or even in the comparatively
short time since the original Vander
bllt was running a man-propelled ferry
out of the present metropolis of the
New eWorld. The Long Island Railroad
Is not a large corporation in comDarl-
son with a number of other New Tork
transportation enterprises, but it Is big
enough to be able to spend $90,000,000 In
betterments for Its Long Island service.
This sum does not include $10,000,000
which will be spent for a road to con
nect It with the New Tork, New Haven
& Hartford.
Unsuccessful applications to the Leg
islature for public money aggregated
$430,000. So it appears the taxpayers
were not held up for all that they
might have been. This is offered In the
face of a $2,629,000 appropriation bill,
for what it is worth in the way of con
solation to thrifty citizens throughout
the state who are scratching diligently
to raise their taxes against March 16"
and thus save 3 per cent It is evident
that there has got to be saving some
where, though the discouragement
that attends the process of saving- at
the spigot while waste goes on at the
bunghole long . ago passed into a
proverb.
Japan has no steel trust with arbi
trary power permitting it to hold up the
government for armor-plate or, any
thing else used In the construction of a
warship. A dispatch from Tokio denies
the recent report that contracts would
be let in Europe for four more battle
ships, and adds that Japan will in fu
ture construct all her vessels at home.
The newest world power is well
equipped with yards, shops, gun and
armor foundries, and? the people are
strongly In favor of government con
struction. General Oyama has proved himself a
good fighter, but thus far he has failed
to follow up his victories after the man
ner of the world's great military com
manders. For this reason his victory
at Liao Tang was without practical re
sults. It may perhaps be expected that
he will push the victory now gained or
promised at Mukden until he forces his
adversary to unconditional surrender.
Hops are wakening and sending forth
shoots to peep at a 25-oent market
They have something to grow for with
prices at that mark. The crop is sis
months distant so' that speculators
with stocks under the roof can still
view complacently . the effort of the
growing sheets to bring-down the price.,
Oregon statesmen are harried when
they burn their letters; also when they
don't. Has it come to pass that sly
ness availeth not? Whence inherited
the sphynx its -.wisdom? Could It be
-electafrto office? - ' .- - r
NOTE ANDC0MMENTt :
Now that the physicians have bad a
discussion on professional advertisers how
about the preachers, who do more adver
tising in a week than the doctors can.
hope to do la a year.
So the Beef Trust is one of the "good
trusts." It Is to be hoped that Commis
sioner Garfield's report will not bo taken
as an excuse to run up the price of -beef
another notch or two.
A visiting W. C. T. U. worker. tells us
there are only two home cities. .Brussels
and Portland. Come to Portland and
make yourselves alt home.
We warn the women's club3 that, there
will be an immediate reaction from tho
civic improvement movement if their
members persist in speaking of the. "City
Beautiful."
Ulster's "bloody hand" is being shaken,
in Premier Balfour's face.
What is a Fair without a strike.
"To Encourage the Others;"
The editor of the Kurjer Codzienny'has
been placed in jail for the sake of the
moral effect of his arrest upon others.
Warsaw dispatch.
Oh. why am I arrested?"
The. editor, he cried.
As his Bhears vrere rudely taken.
And his paste-pot thrown aside
"In all my life there's not deed
I blush to Recollect"
"We don't pinch you." said the Cossack,
"because you've done anything wroa-
TCe pull you tor effect."
"Oh, why am I arrested?"
The bee trust masnate said.
"I toll from morn to midnight ; .
To cheapen beef and bread;
In helping my competitors
A fortune I havewredt'd"
"I Quite agree with your opinion of "your
own disinterested motives." replied Cor
mlssioner Garfield, "but it's up to mi'
To pull you Xor effect." s
"Arrest me!" cried a Senator,
"An outrage that. Indeed;
I serve my country solely,
And conscience all my meed.
You'd smirch a reputation.
With virtue's laurels deckt?" t
"We don't like to go for to do it." sald-ths
grand Juror, with a weary 'smile, "but
we must
Do something for effect."
The Czar's "rescript" used up quite a
lot of nice words, and may mean some
thing good for the people. The explana
tory diagram hasn't yet reached this coun-
try, so comment upon this typical stato
paper must be deferred.
A Polish editor has been- arrested for
"moral effect." Arrest wouldn't have a
very good effect upon an American's
morals.
Next the Government will try to get tha
right dope on the drug trust.
Maybe Kuropatkln hopes to score', A
draw at Tie Pass.
In a Chicago court a witness testified
that his brother was crazy and had tried;
to kill himself by swallowing coat but
tons. That was a hard thing to say
about a brother. How did the witness
know that the crazy man hadn't merely;
mistaken his mouth for a buttonhole?
Here is a poem that appears in the, cur
rent number of the Century: '
MARCH THE EIGHTEENTH.
(To G. C.)
The silent Fisher eat by Time's wide sea.
The troubles Tf his people pondering;
Heeding not scorn, nor hate, nor calumny.
If he might (onIy do the honest thlar.
Now, as he Journeys home -his Mow-trod
way.
They speak his worth who once spoke
naught but blame:
His people pray the length'nlng of his dayt
And cry the morrow to revere" his name.
The key to the puzzle is found in tho
"G. C." As Grover Cleveland wa3 born:
on March 15, the experienced solver oC
riddles at once knows that "G. C." means
Grover Cleveland, especially when he-sees
something about a Fisher in the first line.
Just who "hi3 people" are is not clear
nor why they should "cry the morrow
to revere his name," Instead of revering
it for themselves. But the verses are no
doubt very fine.
"Czar Fears the Worst" says an ex
change. From which it appears that
familiarity doesn't breed contempt
All the teachers who "got a raise" will
now join with Superintendent Rlgler ia
singing'T Got Mine."
On the other hand, there's nothing in
structive about roses or Mount Hood,
while a billboard tells one something.
Burglars -stole some smallpox blankota
from the Butte pesthouse. Here's hoping
they catch it from tho police.
Knropatkin's left wing Is broken, but
his legs appear to be working as well
as ever.
Colonel Tounghusband reports that, he
discovered in Tibet a bed of fossil oysters
S0CO years old. Look out for Tibetans on
your restaurant bill of fare.
In the Bloomington (111.) Pantagrapis
the following letter appears:
Elkhart, HI. (To the Editor.) Your is
sue of Thursday contains In Elkhart corre
spondence the statement that ilrs. Trink
haus and I are the parents of triplets. Such.
Is not the case; our family has not suffered
aa Increase. DR. J. T. TRINKHAUS.
Doctrine of Roosevelt! "Suffered" aa
increase!
A St Patrick's day salmon was recent
ly taken Inian Irish stream, according
to a British paper. Spots on the fish
were all in the shape of shamrocks, and
the curious specimen attracted so' much
attention that it has been placed on ex
hibition in Manchester.
During a police raid, a New York gaixi
bler nearly1 choked to death as the result
of trying to swallow mcrunlnatlng racing
sheets. The gambler wasn't wise; ho.
should have given the sheets to one of his
players; they must be able to swallow
most anything. '
The tax exemption law should be op
erated on for appendicitis.
It should not be forgotten that visitors
to the Fair will remember the whiff of
one garbage heap long after they have
forgotten the fragrance of tan thousand
roses.
Washington had the inaugural parade
yesterday, to be sure, but then we had a
parade of Uncle Tommers. .
Benjamln Tde Wheeler Joins the Osier
class by remarking that bachelors - are
bandits. Supposing they were, a bache
lor has to sequester enough from the pub
lic for his own uses; whereas a married'
man must steal for a whole family. .
An anti-corset bill is before the Wiscon
sin Legislature. If it should pasr, there
will be a rush for the office of inspector..
Green carnations are' being grown'-In
California. Is it another name for sha
rocks? . . . - '
WEXFORD JONJUL