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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (March 5, 1905)
PAGES 3 1 TO 44
POBTLA2iD, OEEGO, SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 5, 1905.
A MESSAGE TO AMERICAN GIRLS;
MRS. T. P. O'CONNOR PREACHES THE GOSPEL OF
WORK, WELL DONE, FOR EVERY YOUNG WOMAN
WILLIAM GADSBY & SONS
Corner Washington an;d First Streets THE HOUSEFURNISHERS Largest Display of Furniture In State
Weathered Oak is the wood used. And Gadsbys have complete sets, con
sisting of Extension Tables, Chairs with rush or Spanish leather seats, Side
boards, China Cabinets,- Serving: Tables, Morris Chairs, Library Tables and
Bookcases.-You will find Gadsbys' entire exhibits, most interesting: one, and
Gadsbys price on Mission Furniture is extremely low, and therefore within
the reach of everyone.
Cottage Dinlng-Room Suit, S pieces; chairs in either cane or wood seat; table
. 6 feet long- .-. 2&30
This fine Couch upholstered in genuine leather, $42,50; during the sale.. $35,00
Same style In Chase Leather, regular $.27.00; special f 19.S0
Sixteen Vclour Couches, plain, smooth top with wood frames, upholstered in
velours; small eizc, 26x74 inches, regular price $12.00; reduced to $0.00
Fifteen Tufted Couches, fringe all round, upholstered in cotton damask: reg
ular $9.50, reduced to . $7.50
Tills elegant Marie Antoinette Suit, frames finished in rich dark mahogany,
beautifully upholstered in silk 'damask, $25.00. In'- French imported
velour. at $17.30
Largest stock in the city to chooee from. This
office Desk, solid oak, roll top, 50 inches wide
Price ' $25.00
Solid Oak Extension
This massive Iron Bed in Roman gold finish
$13.50; sale price $11.25
Reduced prices on all Iron Beds.
$29.00 Beds now.. $15.00 $8.50 Beds now. .$6.75
115.00 Bed now.. $150 $6.00 Beds "now.. $-1.75
$12.50 Beds now.. $10.00 $5.00 Beds now.. $4.00
$10.00 Beds now.. 8.00 $4.50 Beds now..$3JSO
Extension Table, solid Oak. 6 feet long, highly
polished. 44x44-inch top .when closed; spe
Special bargains in -solid Oak Side
boards This one $lS-00
Some Special Bargains in
Our display of Carpets and Bugs
Bristol Velvets, Oriental designs. $1.10
Burlington Tapestry Brussels. .81.00
Smith's Tapestry Brussels S0.S5
Pro-Brussels, yard wide 81.00
Extra fine Ingrains &0.S0
Union Ingrains -' $050
Cottage Ingrains $0.45
Inlaid Linoleum $1.50
Porter's Printed Linoleum $0.75
Floor Oilcloth $0.45
Brussels Rugs, 9x12 SlSO
Brussels Rugs, 9x104 $10.00
Remnant Rugs at great reductions.
25 per cent Discount on Carpet
If you have a" small room bring size
along and we can give you a bargain
Are You Prepared to Ac
commodate Your Guests
During the Fair? If not,
Folding Bed, royal oak or imitation
mahogany finish, has cable sup
ported spring; price $20.00
This fine Bedroom Suit, all hardwood
finished in mahogany, white maple,
or goldon ash, three pieces; spocial
I Steel Folding Couches....
Mantel Folding Beds ,
Steel Mantel Beds
Hoey Sofa Beds
Cabinet Folding Beds
.Davenport Beds - -
Upright Folding Beds
Safety Folding Iron Bed..
FOR THE ATTIC
Bed Mattress and Spring 7.25
. .. .$22J0 '
Your credit is rood. Select what
you need and then arrange for KnKr
Terms. We'll make them easy.
Pictures' and prices speak louder
than words when backed up by the
merchandise we have it. See our
show windows for prices and display.
Of Course We'll Trust You
Trust you for whatever you want in
Trust you for any amount, and give
you any amount of time. If you haven't
tried our "Easy Payment" plan, you
can never appreciate the real con
veniences of r.iit Tian. Ours is
the system you have been wanting
the standard of easy payments, by
which all other systems are guided.
St Clair Steel Range
The above cut correctly represents the
. St. Clair Steel Range. Prices com
mence at 527V50 and go as high as
$50. according to size. We can give
you a St. Clair Reliable Range, 6
holes, with high closet,-for. .$27.50
Guaranteed for ten years',
briers from country must be for
cash parties in town can buy one
for $5.00 down and $5.00 per month.
If not satisfactory, money refunded.
I Folding Bed. royal oak or mahogany
nnisheu. witn nanusome oric-a-brac
shelves, and French mirror
on top. has cable supported springs;
Special Inducements this week-
One-quarter off regular prices.
Good substantial Chamber Suits for
everyday use. durable and well fin
ished, bevel-jylate glass, at..?l&59
WILLIAM GADSBY & SONS
Corner Washington and First Streets THE HOUSEFURNISHERS Largest Display of Furniture in State
COMPARING the American girl and '
the English girl, the greatest dif
ference I notice ia this: One does not
find among the girls of America that
false pride and dignity which the girls
of tho middle classes show In England.
There Is no difference In America between
tho "young lady" and the "young wo
man"; and I do not think the American
girl Judges her sister to any extent by
the standard of dress and purse. In Eng
land it Is a rare thing to find a girl whose
father ke?p3 a carriage and horses mak
ing friends real friends, without any ele
ment of patronage with girls who earn
their living ia offices, or workrooms.
There is a barrier o caste, based entirely
on the pecuniary positions of the two.
American women found out long ago that
it Is woman's place to work as much an
it is man's duty; and work has been a
great leveler among American girls,
apart from the democratic spirit which
prevails generally on the other side of
' The- American girl is not so sentimental
as the English girl. I do not think she
delights in the love story as her English
sister docs; she has other Ideals than
marriage, which at least rank equal with
that natural end of woman. I have no
ticed that the stories which the English
magazines provide practically all deal
with the turbulence of true love and Eng
lish writers do not seem to be able to
get away from the theme except Rud
yard Kipling, who Is able to write stories
about animals of the Jungle and about
j-pr4salc things like steam engines; his
Strongest wore luueea is inueireuucut ui
the love interest, and that fact alone
proclaims his great genius.
It is calamity that women have been
so long finding out that a life without
work Is Incomplete, and that for women
to work Is the right and natural order
of. things. Wifehood and motherhood are,
of course, the natural place in life lor
women to fill, but not for all women.
Work of one sort or other, either as wife
or mother, or in some other direction, is a
necessary part of a woman's life if char
acter is not to deteriorate. It has been
the custom of mothers to train their
daughters to regard marriage as the goal
of life: those who can afford it sit at
home In idleness, and wait for that con
summation; the others engage In work of
some kind, but only half heartedly, be
cause they regard it as a "stop-gap,
necessary to tide over their time of waiting.
This idea, which has been cultivated
and encouraged among English girls, has
worked great Injury, and I think that
many of the evils of society, are due to it,
especially among the wealthy. Idleness is
the father of mischief, and I do not won
der, much as I regret, that the frivolous
lives of so many women of the wealthy
classes bear fruit In many kinds of vice
and all kinds of unhapplness. Let women
have some useful work to do like their
.fathers and brothers, and we should hear
Jess ox tee decadence ot society, and read
lees or the acanaals of the well-to-do.
Lwhich can generally be traced, to. the un-
niuru auiio ut nuna wcicn luieness pro
duces, instead of adding to the burdens
of a woman's life, work relieves that
burden, in that it keeps her -thoughts
busy, and leaves no opportunity for the
brooding and fretting and worrying which
mar many an Idle woman's life.
It Is thought by some persons that In
employment there is always danger ot
a woman undertaking "work which will
rob her of her womanliness, and have a
coarsening effect upon her character. I
admit that many women workers display
evidences that their work has not en
couraged refinement, and the peculiar
characteristics which' come under the
general description of womanly charm.
But the reason Is one which makes me
MRS. T. P. O'COXN'OJt.
admire such women workers more than
ever. They are pioneers, and they are
fighting a hard battle to make way for
their sisters. They have not only the
conditions ot their work to contend with,
but they are being constantly beset by
criticism and prejudice against them.
What wonder, then, that their charac
ters take on something of bravado, even
of defiance, and that their physical beau
ty is spoiled by lines and angles. I have
noticed this sometimes- In. the case- of the
woman Journalist, especially when ' her
work Ja-OUtsIdo the lines of, fashions and
cookery and invades the province ot the
man Journalist at the reporting table or
in. work of special investigation. She
has to defy the curious glances of the
orthodox, and to harden, herself against
their criticism, and, as a result, makes
sacrifices of characteristics which are
the distinction of womanhood.
Iet me give you this message for our
girls: Get a right idea of work: learn
an soon as you can that work and truth
are the most important things in life.
Don't perform your work with your
thoughts wandering away upon the pros
pect of a charming husband as being after
all the Important thing; he will come
along all right, no doubt, and he will
come along all the quicker to the girl
who is found capable and energetic at her
work than the pampered idler. Why do
men marry waitresses and other women,
who work? It 13 because they see them
day after day, working briskly and hap
pily and usefully; and that attracts men
even more than beauty or good birth.
Work first, and then, marriage if that is
your lot. Some women, of course are re
sponsible for the oversight and training
of girl workers; and I would ask them to
cultivate patience and tact in order-, that
they may get the best work. This is
the method I myself adopt in dtraling
with my servants,- and I pride myself
that I have trained out some very good"
workers. I helieve In giving them extra
responsibility as soon as they are fit to
undertake It, until they are able to under
take work which the average servant is
not capable of. I tell them what I
would tell every worker, that work well
done Is the only work worth doing.
The American girl? she is the most
wonderful girl in all the world. When
she grows to maturity she Is a woman,
and h her proud title she scorns the
name of lady she is one of nature's no
blewomen, the grandest title she may
e'er hope to bear. (Copyright 1905 Cen
tral News and Press Exchange.)
New Estimate of Washington
Father of Country Under Review
. by Portland Schoolgirl.
This essay Is from the last number ot The j
Troubadour, "orsan" at tha Portland -Academy
atudenU. Presumably, it waa written br Mar
guerite Hume, daughter of Wilson T. Hume,
editor-in-chief of the publication. Its genial
wit commends it:
SINCE February contains the tiirtbday
of the Father of bis Country, o
doubt a sketch of his lite, accurately pre
sented, would be of some Interest.
Let us begin with the incident of the
destruction of Mr. Washington's favor
ite cherry tree. Many valuable lessons
can be drawn from this. We may ob
tain a good idea of Mr. Washington's
character from this little story. It is
evident, that he had a large store of pa
tience. If he had not, he- would never
have given the youthful George a
hatchet. It takes a very patient man to
stand a small-boy-and-a-hatchet combi
nation. Another point to notice is Mr.
Washington's lack of foresight. When
a boy and a hatchet get together there
Is (usually "something doing." But
George would probably have made a
great fuss if he had not received the
hatchet he had get his heart upon. Mr.
Washington revealed his kindness ot
heart in gratifying his son's desires.
Then the cherry tree. We are inclined
to think that this, being Mr. Washing
ton's favorite, was a Royal Ann. A man
of his wisdom would naturally havo
chosen this variety. But the evidence
points ia andtker direction. George's
hatchet, being merely a toy one, could
not have done much damage' to a full
sized, large-trunked Royal Ann. The
Kentish cherry tree, on the other hand.
Is much smaller In limb. So we must
conclude that Mr. Washington ate his
cherries in pies, and thus was quite right
In preferring the Kentish variety ot this
Nothing is told as to the methods
George used In accomplishing his task.
But in his action after the crime anoth
er trait of his character is revealed. Did
he hasten to take flight, and remove
himself from the dangerous vicinity?
J No. We see from this that he was un
used to crime. This was proDaniy ms
first offense. He was stunned by the
deed he had done, and lost that quick
ness of action that later characterized
him. Then we see his father approach
ing the fatal spot. George, no doubt,
felt a quaking in his boots, but realized
that his father had seen him there, and
that he could not dodge the grandfather
of our country forever. Even in these
youthful days be exhibited the strategical
skill that -lie fully revealed in later years.
Mr. Washington showed that he had
great observation by noticing the tree
and inquiring about it at once. He also
paid tribute, unconsciously, to George's
early wisdom by asking him for Infor
mation a Bout the Incident. George evl-
dently had as much of a reputation for
knowing ail about wnat was going on an
as boy now-a-days does. The small boy
then, as now. rushed to the spot of great
est excitement. So Mr. Washington
asked his son who did the deed.
Eaihcr, I cannot tell a lies- I Id It
with my little ' hatchet," was the oft
quoted reply. This Is well worth quoting,
as we shall see when we consider it
closely. First let us notice the dignity
of the lad. "Father," he said. Not "pa,"
nor "papa," nor 'pop," nor "dad," but
"father." This shows, also, that he had
a keen Idea of the fitness of "things. Pos
siblyor. rather, probably at other
times he descended to some of the less
dignified epithets before mentioned. But
never at a time like this would any other
word have done. He seems to have bad
a true feeling for effects.
George's regard for his reputation for
veracity was truly noble. Knowing that
no one would have believed that a tree
could be cut down with the Inslghtficant
looklng little toy hatchet he even then
was holding In hl3 hand, he took special
.pains to mention the weapon. In this
same phase we see his boyish pride In
muscular accomplishments. Emphasiz
ing the size of his weap'on, as he does,
seems to bring into notice the greatness
of his achievement in cutting anything
"I did it." What simplicity and truth
is expressed In these three word3! How
much more effective than a halting,
stammering excuse! There was much of.
the artist in little George. He must have
had some inkling of how this confession
would surprise and please his father.
-This leads us to believe that Georgewas
not always so candid as this. But that
ho was even then a good Judge of human
nature is evident. '
We can almost see the proud face of
the father, and the noble, self-sacrificing
expression of the son as the admission.
"I cannot tell a lie," fell from George's
lips. Here we see George's liking . for
plain, straight-forward words. He might
have said.. "My conscience will not per
mit me to prevaricate." But he didn't.
It has always seemed to me ' that
George did not deserve all the praise that
he got for his action. There is noth
ing especially praiseworthy in merely
telling the truth. Both before and after
George's time, many people have told
the truth about doing worse things than
this, and have not become renowned for
it. It is when a person does not tell the
truth that it becomes noticeable. Bnt
Mr. Washington evidently did not hold
this opinion, . as his praises of his son
show us. Can yon not Imagine George
In his father's arms, mda&estly receiv
ing forgiveness and approval, while rain
ing tears of Joy on Mr. Washington's
clean collar? With this touching scene
the Incident Is closed.
George did many other things . when he
grew up. They are sometimes heard of,
but this Is the most important .of his
deeds, and much of his fame rests upon
this charming little story.
Is There Gold on the, Seashore
The R&ad 3f Inea la South. Africa an. Object LeMon for the Pacific Coast.
are the most extensive gold mines
opened up in modern times'. The ore bodies
were condemned during the first workings
by many old California miners, because
the formation was new to them and not
well understood. However, -the yield of
gold steadily increased, And some of the
best mining engineers of the world made
exhaustive studies of the formations.
In the end the theory was generally ac
cepted that these vast gold deposits were
formed -on the seashore, from the eroded
washings of mountains, rich in auriferous
quartz lodes. Subsequent vo.lcanlc forces,
it Is presumed, elevated this ancient sea
beach several thousand' feet above the
present sea level. The gravel beds and
beach shingle ore found undisturbed, much
the same as originally deposited, but are
now hard conglomerate, requiring dyna
mite to break up the gravel beds and
crushing In stamp mills to obtain, the gold,
which is as fine as flour, and the yield 13
rro.000,000 to mooo.x yearly.
No very extensive marine gold deposits
have yet been found on this continent.
Gold Bluff and Port Orford attracted some
attention many years ago. hut no volcanic
action had elevated the beach, and miners
could not follow the paying sands Into
the sea. Cape Nome is the most extensive
seashore deposit yet mined for gold on the
Some attention is now being given to the
Valley of- the Sacramento, which, most of
the geological works published . in lata
years describe as once having been the
bed of a great interior sea. That sea
washed the foot of the Sierra. Nevada
Mountains, and Its bed Is composed of
the washings therein of the debris of the
eroded mountains. Several hundredsVof
millions of gold that did not reach this
Interior sea has been recovered by miners
on the slope and deep-worn water courses
of the Sierras. That would seem to be
an extensive unprospected field, favora
bly situated for seashore deposits of gold
being found -In paying bodies.
If development work should be started
on that line the results will be watched
by many old California miners with deep
interest. These now grizzled relicts of '4i
and 'SO had no means then of reaching
below these water levels, and' wth them,
died out much of that indomitable spirit
of doing all that man may tore in devel
oping the unknown, when gold .was the
prize aimed at..
Sensible Woman. - ' .
Atchison Globe. ' .
An Atchison woman once broke oft an
engagement with a young man because, he
wrote her such long letters' she"- had' to
pay 2 cents extra postage on every one.
The Common Lot.
Atchi3on Globel , .
An Atchison man got it goingand-. corn
ing: When he was.married he bbughttiis
wife's trousseau, and how his daughters
are marrying;. and'he is buying- theirs. .