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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Feb. 26, 1905)
WHAT TO DO WITH ROSE BUSHES THIS WEEK
"Prune Them by all Means," Says Frederick V. Holman
A List of Favorites.
HE SUNDAY OBEGONIAy, PORTLAND, FEBRUARY 26, 1905.
r IS the proper time now for the year
1903 to prune Tose hushes and to plant
dormant rose bushes. There is now no
Sanger oC any "weather cold, enough to
-hurt dormant bushes, which are planted
in February or March. It may "be a little
early to plant the tender bushes which
are furnished from the greenhouses,
where they have been propagated by ar
tificial heat. There has been no weather
this "Winter cold enough to do any par
ticular damage to rose bushes. The sap
has hardly begun to rise In the bushes,
and so It Is a good time, I may say an
almost ideal time, for pruning roses, es
.pecially the hardy varieties.
Roses for the Exposition Year.
Portland's reputation as the Hose City
is now fairly -well established. But many
people have not planted roses, who regret
hcy did not do so a year or more ago. It
jwiU be impossible to get any satisfactory
results this year from the small plants
pwhlch are now growing In greenhouses.
Jut very satisfactory results may ber ob-
led by planting low-budded, dormant
jse bushes two or three years old. These
arm ant, low-budded bushes are grown to
size the propagator wishes to have
lem and then put away, being given, only
lent moisture to keep them alive. All
. the leaves have fallen off, but this rest
Seems to give a new impulse to the bush,
n some Instances large, Held - grown
Pushes oh their own roots may be ob
tained, but at present these cannot be
procured in quantities necessary for Port
Sand's need this year.
In anticipation of the need of such rose
ftmsheB some of Portland's dealers have
brought from California and imported dl
feect from Europe, from reliable dealers,
Quantities of these low-budded, dormant
F. V. HOEMAN
This week In Portland is the time for pruning
Groses. Just one year ago Mr. Frederick V. Hoi
anaa contributed to The Sunday Oregnnlan tor
the. benefit of amateur rosegrowers a very valu
bJe article on the pruning- ol roses. This ar
itJcle is here reproduced together with the
equally valuable Illustrations. It will be" well
for those who desire the best results with
jroses to prceerv this pagts for future reference,
ferhese are no fine spun theories. On the con
trary, the Instructions are baaed on years of
experience In England, France and Western
Oregon. He mho follows them intelligently
teannot go astray, but will be rewarded with
jSner roses. v
THE mora severely a rose bush is
pruned the stronger will be the new
shoots. The weaker or less vigorous
te. bush is the more severely it should be
pruned. The general rule or pruning is,
therefore, prune severely the dwarf grow
ling varieties and less severely the strong
(growing varieties. There are some ex
ceptions to this rule which I shall men
ftion further on -in this article. The first
thing in pruning rose bushes is cutting
away all the decayed and thinning the
crowded and useless shoots. The decayed
jwood is to be cut away to keep the decay
jlfrom spreading; the crowded shoots are
.those too close together, which will inter
fere with the growing and the blooming.
iOnly one shoot should be left where two
tor three or more are very close together.
It Is of the utmost Importance to remove
the shoots In the center of the bush, so
ias to let in the light to the center of the
Sush. The useless shoots are mostly the
linripened shoots and the lateral branches,
,which interfere with each other. In cut
ting away shoots they should be cut sev
eral inches- belowthe surface of the
(ground, so they will not send up new
shoots. There are one or two objects in
pruning a rose bush: One Ib to produce
specimen or exhibition roses; that Is.
comparatively few flowers; the other is
to obtain good roses and quite a number
of them. The latter are called, for con
venience, for garden decoration, in this
article, "WTilch Is preferable, the owner
must decide. He cannot have magnificent
specimens and plenty of them on one
bush. A most excellent book on roses,
entitled "Roses for English Gardens,"
was written by Miss Gertrude Jekyll and
Mr. Edward Mawley. The American edi
tion was published In 1902 bv Messrs.
Charles Bcribner's Sons, of Kew York.
They have kindly given me written per
mission to have printed In this article
plates shown herein which are taken from
plates printed in that book. Miss Jekyll's
idfa Is to use the rose largely for garden
decoration. The technical part of the
book is written by Mr. Mawley, who Ib a
well-known English rosarian. It was in
hrnor of his wife that the famous rosa
rians, Alexander Dickson & Sons (Ltd)
named the new beautiful pink tea rose
Mrs. Edward Mawlej'.
Pruning fop Specimen Roses.
For exhibition roses almost all varieties
except climbing roses must be very se
verely pruned: that Is. leaving from three
to eight buds or eyes above the ground
or from six to eighteen Inches In height.
CFrom three to six shoots only should be
2ef L A few varieties, mostly strong grow
ing ones, do better not to be severely
pruned, as they are liable lo run to wood
end not produce good Cowers. Among
bushes. These varieties arc budded on
strong, growing stocks, having plenty of
roots. These low-budded roses give very
satisfactory results. In fact, for most
varieties, I prefer the low-budded roses
to those on their own roots.
Any person who has visited the Exposi
tion grounds has been delighted with the
fine rose bushes to be found there. These
roses were planted about a year ago and
were low-budded, dormant bushes. They
have grown exceedingly well and show
what can be done by planting these dor
mant bushes and giving them careful cul
tivatipn and attention.
How to Plant Dormant Roses.
There is no difficulty in planting these
dormant bushes. The point where the rose
is budded should be placed about two or
three Inches below the surface of the
ground, taking care not to plant them too
deep. The first sap for these bushes comes
from the roots of the wild stock, but
usually the first year additional roots
start from the point where the -bud is sit
uated, so that these bushes eventually
have two sets of roots those of the wild
stock and those of the variety budded on
the wild stock. In planting it is impor
tant not to place any new manure near
the roots, but well rotted manure mixed
with rich loam may be used with the best
results. It is particularly Important this
year that the ground should be rich, but
not too newly rich, so that the plants
will make extraordinary growth. If these
dormant roses are planted merely for fu
ture results, it la not necessary to take so
much care in giving rich soil. But If dor
mant bushes are planted this year with
the rich soli they will grow all the
stronger the next and succeeding years,
if properly cared for and cultivated.
TELLS HOW TO
- - - : ... . ' U.'-: -t ' ' ' ' ' -V
, - . . I: - -. 4 - , ;. v v .
1 AN EXHIBITION ROSE BEFORE AND AFTER PRUNING.
such roses which I suggest should not be
severely pruned are the following, which
I have taken from the second edition
(published In 19Q2) of "The Book of the
Rose," written by; Rev. A. Fostcr-Melllar,
rector of Sproughton, Suffolk, England.
ThJs book is written on the idea that the
rose Is not a plant for garden decoration.
In the estimation of the Rev. A. Foater
Melllar. "the value of the rose Is in the
glory of its individual flowers," and "the
Idea is not the rose for the garden, but
the garden for the rose." It is a good
book, with many valuable suggestions. I
have made these quotations to show that,
even for exhibition purposes, he thinks
the roses I shall mention should not be
severely pruned. Of course, they should
not be severely pruned for garden deco
ration. The roses which Rev. A. Foster
Melliar recommends should not be severe
ly pruned are as follows:
HYBRID PERPETUALS. '
Duke of Edinburgh.
Duck of Teck.
Mme. Gabriel Luizet.
HYBRID TEAS. -Captain
La France. , s.
TEAS. . -
White Maman CocheL ;
Souv. de la Malmalson.
A rose which. I think, should be added
to this list Ib Ulrlch Brunner. Plate No.
1 shows an exhibition rose before and
Pruning Roses for Garden Decoration.
Most people prefer roses for garden
decoration. Mjst roses for exhibition pur
poses not only require severe pruning,
but also great care and special treat
ment, both before and at the time of
blooming. A person must be quite an
expert and have considerable knowledge
of the different varieties of roses and
their peculiarities before being successful
in producing exhibition roses. It requires
much less time and care to prune and
grow roses for garden decoration. Such
are the soil and climatic conditions in
and around Portland that by not pruning
severely and digging around the bushes
each Spring and giving them very little
care during the rest of the year will give
beautiful roses for several months each
Plate Jfb. 2 shows a rose foi garden
decoration before and after pruning.
Pruning Standard Roses.
"What is called a standard rose Is a rose
budded or grafted above the ground on
another bush, usually on the Dog Rose or
briar (Rose Canlna), or on ManetU.
Standards are usually from two to four
feet in height. Standards may be pruned
for exhibition or for garden decoration,
as the bush varieties are pruned. Plate
No. 3 shows a standard hybrid-perpetual
rose unpruned and also pruned for pro
ducing exhibition roses.
In pruning bear In mind that the top
bud left on a shoot, will grow first, and
in the direction In which It points. Cut
the shoot Just above the ton bud you
select. Be careful that this top bud looks
Next May and' June, If the ground
should be dry, It will be well every four
or live days to soak the ground in which
these bushes are planted. Such frequent
watering Is not necessary or desirable in
most varieties which have beon planted
heretofore and are well established.
The stalks of these bushes should be
trimmed to a height of about four or five
eyes on each stem. The top eye on each
stem should point outward; that Is, from
the center of the bush.
Some Advantages of Dormant Roses.
In the past few years it has been diffi
cult to procure at Portland some of the
most beautiful varieties of roses, for the
reason that 4n the United States few
rose bushes are grown for sale, except
those which easily propagate on their
own roots. Heretofore, some of our rose
enthusiasts have Imported varieties of
roses for themselves direct from Europe.
This Is expensive and troublesome. For
tunately, some of our local rose dealers
have Imported numbers of these varieties,
which, heretofore, have been difficult, or
impossible, to procure in the United
States. Unfortunately, some of the very
flnest varieties of roses cannot be easily
propagated from cuttings even in green
houses. This Is true of many of the hybrid
perpetuals, and also of some of the new
hybrid, tea roses. Some of the most
beautiful hybrid teas haye naturally very
weak constitutions, or, at least, do not
grow vigorously. ,
New Varieties of Roses.
There are a few new varieties of roses
which have been tested sufficiently to
show that they are roses of unusual excellence-
The chances are usually against
a new rose being satisfactory, as a va
PRUNE ROSES IN
outward; that Is, from the center of the
bush. In pruning some regard to sym
metry should be- observed. , The shoots
toward the center and back of the rose,
that Is, farthest from the sun, should be
longer than those in front and op the
In this article I have not attempted to
treat pruning except on general .lines.
What may be called scientific pruning re
quires a great deal of study and experi
ment. By study I do not mean studying
hooka alone: I mean also the study of
the different j-oses and their peculiarities
and the best methods of pruning each.
I have endeavored to give briefly what
I know 6f pruning from reading and from
my own experience to assist others In
growing roses, not only for their own
pleasure, but to make Portland "The Rose
Undoubtedly thQjxsst, most complete and
comprehensive book on roses ever pub
lished is "The Rose Garden," by William
Paul, one of England's best professional
rosarlans. I have the tenth edition of
this book, published In 1903. It Is a large
quarto of nearly 400 pages. Twenty-four
pages of this book are devoted especially
to the subject of pruning. Mr. Paul in
his book says: "I believe pruning to be
the most Important operation in rose
culture, and, at the same time, the most
difficult to obtain the mastery over and
apply with success."
The best instruments for pruning are a
sharp pruning knife, but it must be kept
sharp; and a small, thin saw, pmaller and
not so wide as a saw made for pruning
trees. It Is much easier to use a seca
teur or pruning shears, especially the
kind in which the blade has a drawing
motion, similar to the motion one gives
to a knife blade in pruning. It is of the
greatest importance that any instrument
used in pruning should be sharp, so as
to make a clean cut. and not bruise nor
lacerate' the bark.
Plant the Cuttings.
The parts of the rosebushes cut away
may be planted, and you -will get a bush
on Its own roots from almost every cut
ting. It Is true some roses do not propa
gate, readily from cuttings, but most of
the roses grown In Portland will "strike"
readily, especially if planted with a
"heel" to the cutting. Dig a place In
your garden, about the depth of a spade,
where the soil Is rich. but. without adding
manure. The place ehould be where the
cuttings will not get a great deal of sun.
Put in the cuttings about four Inches
deep, leaving two buds above the ground,
being careful that the side of the cuttings,
which on the bush was toward the sun.
is planted toward the sun. Be careful that
the end of the cutting which is put In
the ground is cut even with a sharp knife.
It Is not necessary that there be a dor
mant bud at or near the end of the cut
ting which Is put in the ground.
Probably a better way is to plant the
cuttings in boxes. Take boxes of any
shape from six to eight inches deep. Bore
two holes with a small auger, or bltt, in
diagonal corners of the bottom of the
box for drainage. .Cover these holes with
small stones, or bits of crockery, eo as
to prevent the earth from running out.
Fill the box with good garden soil and
plant the cuttings as above described
when put In the ground. The advantage
of using a box is that it can be easily
moved, and, after the cutting; have start
riety which will be satisfactory through
a course of years. Every new variety of
rose, however promising, must be tested
by actual growth and cultivation before
its real value is known.
Probably themost noted of the newer
varieties of roses Is the wonderfully mag
nificent hybrid tea Mildred Grant, which
was. originated by Alexander Dickson &
Sons, Limited. Newtown ards, Ireland. In
the past few years this company has rorlg-inated-a
great number of beautiful roses.
It considers Mlldrdd Grant to be its finest
rose. It is not a profuse bloomer, but
Its roses -are of wonderful form and
Bessie Brown is another beautiful rose
originated by this company.
Prince de Bulgarie is another hybrid
tea, which is an exceedingly beautiful
rose- In appearance its roses are some
thing like Souvenir de President Carnot,
but aro more highly colored.
Franz Deegen Is a seedling from Kai-
serin Augusta Victoria. It has a slight
defect of having Its petals rather short
than long, but Its deep yellow and orange
shades make It an exceedingly beautiful
Frau Karl Druschkl next to Mildred
Grant is probablythe most beautiful rose
which has been "originated in the past
few years. It Is a pure white rose. It 13
altogether likely that this will be the
white rose par excellence for several years
Souvenir de Pierre Nottlng Is a hybrid
tea obtained by a cross between Caroline
Testout and Marechal Niel. It must not
be confused with the old rose Pierre Not
tlng, which is a dark red rose. Souvenir
de Pierre Nottlng Is described In the cata
logue as being "apricot yellow blended
WESTERN OREGON SO AS TO DERIVE THE VERY
2 A GARDEN ROSE BEFORE AND
ed to grow, the box may be moved so that
the cuttings will have more sun.
Whichever way the cuttings are planted,
they must not be allowed to become dry
It will probably notbe necessary to give
them water until the middle of May.
By pursuing either of these methods,
the cuttings will be well rooted by next
Autumn, and can then be planted in the
open ground. If all rosebushes in and
near Portland were properly pruned now
and the cuttings planted, the rosebushes,
in Portland would be increased several
fold this year.
One reason why cuttings grow so easily
at Portland, in the open,-is that the rain
fall keeps the ground moist, and the mild,
even temperature, which does not hurt
the cutting and allows it to strike. A
number of roses In Portland grow from
cuttings, which in other parts of the
world. In the open or In hothousesv will
not strike. In hothouses roses from cut
tings are grown by means of what Is
called "bottom-heat," I. e.. heat applied
to the sand in which the small pots are
placed in which the cuttings are put. Some
roses, of which Baroness Rothschild is
one, are extremely difficult to propagate
with bottom-heat, whereas, the Baroness
Rothschild may be propogated here, with
comparatively little difficulty. In the open.
A friend of mine, one of Portland's en
thusiastic amateur rosarlans, about two
years ago put In about SOd cuttings in the
Spring, and all grew except three.
Spray the Bushes.
After the bushes are pruned,- It Is well
to spray them with Bordeaux mixture, or
some other proper spray. By properly
spraying, you keep off a great deal of
mildew and the yellow leaf. Rosebushes
are liable to become affected with scale;
not only the native scale, but the San
Jose scale. If you have a few roses, a
small sprayer can be obtained from the
seed or plant stores, and you can also
obtain there the proper spray. If you
have many bushes, it may bo well to have
a professional florist spray your bushes.
By several people clubbing together and
hiring a gardener, he In one day can
spray a number of yards, and the cost
will be small for each person. About the
only caution in sprayiijg at this time of
the year Is that tlie spray should not be
too weak, but not so strong as to damage
the growing shoots.
Do Not Prune Climbing Roses.
Climbing roses should not be pruned.
If a climber grows too rank, stalks may
be cut out or shortened. If pruned as
other roses are, as a rule, they will run
to wood and have "'but few flowers- In
addition, a climbing rose Is most beauti
ful when it grows as It desires. The i
snoots and branches may be tied up, but,
so far as possible, they should be al
lowed to spread, and some of the
branches be left to hang gracefully.
This they will do if they are al
lowed to .Jo so. I have four Mme. Alfred
Carriere bushes, two of which have not
been pruned for many years. One of
these bushes Is about 35 feet high, and
the other is about 30 feet high. A view
of them in full bloom would. I think,
convince anyone that climbing roses
should not be pruned. I was compelled
to shorten the other two bushes because
they grew higher- than the trellis. That
climbers should , not be pruned is the
with copper yellow." "While a tea rose,
it Is a very strong grower and a continu
ous bloomer. I procured bushes of this
variety direct from Europe two years ago.
Last year I had a good opportunity to
test It, and wlille in the Spring and Sum
mer Its color was not as pronounced as
I should have liked, nevertheless, in the
Fall the buds were long and of beautiful,
delicate sha'des of color. -It Is a good
Some Choice Varieties of Roses.
I have been asked by many people to
give" a list of roses, some wishing a dozen
or more varieties. It is extremely diffi
cult to make out a list of roses for an
other, for tastes differ somewhat In "re
gard to beauty or desirability of color.
When it is considered that there are a
great many thousand named varieties of
roses. It Is a matter largely of individual
choice. Out of these thousands of varie
ties, by almost universal consent, several
hundred are recognized" as being the
choicest varieties of roses. Out of this
several hundred there are certain varie
ties which are especially to be recom
mended, not alone for the beauty and
fragrance of the roses, but for other
qualities, such as strong growth and par
tial freedom from rose diseases and pests.
I have made a list which Is set forth In
this article as varieties which I consider
should be especially recommended. This
list will probably be -criticised for the rea
son that almost every rose enthusiast has
some favorite which the owner thinks
should be mentioned In the list. I do
not Intend to slight anybody's favorite.
I merely give what I think are varieties
against which nothing seriously detrimen
tal can be said as to either character
or reputation. This being a free country.
recommendation In nearly all , books on
roses which I have seen.
In order to beautify Portland, great
quantities of climbing roses should be
planted against fences and near the
houses. If planted near the house, a high
trellis may be erected or a framework
made of three-quarter-inch galvanized
pipe, which can be made by any plumber.
When this latter framework is placed in
position, wire netting may be hung from
It and securely fastened at the bottom.
The roses will climb against this netting,
or against the trellis, and In the Spring
the shoots and branches can be easily tied
to the netting or to the trellis.
Climbing roses require comparatively
little care, except the Marechal NIel. This
rose requires a great deal of care and at
tention, and results are often disappoint
ing. The care' and attention necessary
for one Marechal Neil bush will take care
of several of the other climbing varieties.
In this climate nearly all the varieties
are sufficiently hardy, even, those which
in most places In this latitude in the
United States are considered too delicate
to grow In the open.
The two climbing roses I would especial
ly recommend are Madame Alfred Car
riere and Glorie de Dijon. There are
now climbing roses of nearly all colors
known to roses. The names of the dif
ferent varieties are too numerous to be
mentioned In this article. Many of the
bush varieties have produced climbing
"sports." These shoots have an unusually
strong growth, and become well-known
varieties of climbing roses. Any cata
logue will give you the names of these
roses. A climbing Caroline Testout has
been originated in California, which is
said to possess all the other qualities of
the bush variety. The climbing Kaiserin
Augusta Victoria (nicknamed Mrs. Rob
ert Peary) Is also a very fine climber
Most climbing roses are inexpensive,
and many an humble cottage could be
made an attractive place, and If the cot
tage has not been painted for many
years It would not be known, for the
roses will completely cover the cottage.
In planting a climbing rose It Is well to
dig a large and somewhat deep hole, say
four feet square and three feet deep. Fill
this hole with rich garden soil, or top
soil from a meadow, and well-rotted ma
nure, and it will require no further treat
ment for many years.
The southeastern part of France, near
Nice, and the northwestern part of Italy,
near Genoa, are commonly spoken of as
the Riviera. It has almost the same
latitude as Portland, the difference being
less than a degree. It Is famous foe Its
mild climate and beautiful surroundings.
It is a favorite Winter resort for English
people. In the Riviera great numbers of
climbing roses are grown. These are
one of the charms of the Riviera, and the
blooming of these climbing roses attracts
large numbers of tourists every year. All
varieties -of climbing roses grown In the
Riviera can be grown In Portland with
practically no protection, and will bloom
as well a3 In the Riviera. It would make
Portland famous as a rose city If climb?
Ing. roses were grown In great quantities,
and It would be a source of great pleasure
to the Portland people.
It Is still a little early to plant roses,
except very strong, root-budded, dormant
plants, or field-grown bushes. It will
probably be several weeks yet before the
any other person may make such list' as
he or she may prefer.
Any person who desires a more extend
ed list of choice varieties of roses Is re
ferred to the pamphlet published by the
Portland Hose Society, entitled "Roses at
Portland, Oregon, and How to Grow
In this list - the following Initials are
used: "H. P.." Hybrid Perpetual; "H.
T.." Hybrid Tea. and "T." Tea.
In this list I have endeavored to ar
range, under the headings of the separate
colors, the roses according to what I con
sider their relative standing. That is, the
first named under each color I consider
the best of that color. In some instances
several varieties are of such excellence
that It Is hard to say which is the best.
But as they have to be arranged in tables,
necessarily some one variety has to come
All letters abusing this list, or me for
making it. or the relative merits of the
roees, will be carefully read and filed
away, but not answered.
WHITE Frau Karl Druschkl. H. P.; White
Marxian Cochet. T.; Gloire Loonnalse. H. T.;
Kalsrln Augusta Victoria. H. T.; Mervellle de
Lyon, H. P.
DELICATE SHADES Mildred Grant. H. P.;
Viscountess Folkestone. II. T.; Souvenir de
President Carnot. H. T.: Prince de Bulsarle.
H. T.; Bessie Brown. H. T.; Marie Van Houtte,
T.: Anna Olivier. T.; Margaret Dickson. H. P.;
Clio. H. P.
YELLOW. APRICOT AND BUFF Franz
Deegen. H. T. 'Souvenir de Pierre Nottinj. T.;
Sunxet. T.; Perle desJardins. T.
PINK AND ROSE-CaroUne Testout. H. T.;
La France. H. T;; Ulrlch Brunner. H. P.;
Belle Slebrecht. H. T.; Maman Cochet. T.:
Baroness Rothschild. H. P.; MUe. Eugenie
Verdier. H. P.; Mrs. John Laing-. H. P.; Helen
Keller. H. P.: Papa Gontler. H. T.; Anna d
DIesbach. H. P.
If but one variety Is desired. It should
3 A STANDARD HYBRID rERPETUAL FRU.NED AND UNTRDNED.
soil and the weather are suitable for
planting roses grown in hothouses. If
small plants are obtained directly from
the hothouses, It is well not to plant
them until the weather Is somewhat set
tled, and It has become warm. Planting
such roses too early Is "making haste
Mermaids. Growing Scarce.
Field and Stream!
The strangest of all strange fish must
surely be the manatee and the dugong.
The latter Is the mermaid of fabled lore.
The dugong lives in flocks along the
shores of the Indian Ocean, the Red
Sea and the Gulf of Manaar; where they
browse on seaweed and river vegetation.
They are very affectionate In disposi
tion, and especially Is this shown In the
love of the mother for her offspring,
which Is much stronger than her In
stinct of self-preservation. Neither will
the male leave the female If she be at
tacked; and instances are on record where
the companions of the manatee gathered
round and made an effort to withdraw
the deadly harpoon. It is supposed that
the rude approach to the human outline,
observed In the shape of the head of the
dugong: the attitude of the mother In
clasping her young to her breast, with
one flipper, while swimming with the
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Miss Helene Enberg. 506 Vancouver avenue, city, suffered many years
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Saved from operation: Mrs. Theresa George, 705 Fourth street city
I had suffered from inflammation of the womb and ovaries and female
weakness, and tried many doctors, but all said I would die If I dfd not
have an operation. I tried Dr. C. Gee Wo's remedies as my last resource
and am thankful to say that after four months' treatment I was entirely
Ho guarantees to cure Catarrh. .Asthma. Liver, Kidney, Lung Trouble
Rheumatism. Nervousness, Stomach, Female Trouble and all private dis
eases. Hundreds of testimonials. Charges moderate. If you are 3ick with
any of the above testimonials, then call and see him.
Patients out of the city write for blank and circulars. Inclose' stamp
The C. Gee Wo Medicine Co. 253 AWe"I r rd-
J Stairway of 231 Alder leading to my office.
be Caroline Testout. I do not know
any rose of any color which Is more si
Isfactory. The climatic conditions
Portland seem to suit it perfectly.
blooms well and holds its own from tl
first bloming of roses until the end of ti
season. As a rose for .hedges, it is.
my opinion, superior to any other variet
SCARLET. CRIMSON' AN'n rmvsnv -nvrl
Horace Vernct. H. P.: Alfred to Viiiian3
H. P.; Alfred Colomb. H. P.; Duke of Edij
burgh. II. P.; Earl of Pembroke. H. P.: Mar!
Baumann. H. P.; Liberty. H. T.; Grass
Teplltz. H. T.
CRIMSON AND CRIMSON MAROON Xavlj
Oilbo. H. P.; Prince Camille de Rohan, ir. P
Charles Lefebvre. H. P.: General JacquemincJ
a. i-.; isner Holmes. H. P.
The rose bushes to be planted ths
Spring should be procured from the deal
ers as soon as possible. If the srounl
is too damp to' plant the bushes, a hoi
may be dug, the rose placed therein, an
the earth thrown loosely over its rootij
-inis assists these dormant roses tl
awaken. They may be planted as sooi
as the soli Is dry enough to plant: thai
is, so that the earth will not cake oj
become hard around the roots. The soonel
these dormant bushes are planted the bet
ter. The hybrid perpetuals and hvbric
teas should not be planted later than thJ
middle of April, if satisfactory result
are desired for 1305.
It Is to be hoped that every one whe
has not planted roses in his garden be-J
fore thi3 will do so now, and that everjj
one who has a convenient space to Dlanti
more roses will do so without delay
i.very part of Portland should be mad
attractive to visitors. My experience h
mat eastern people are more pleasec
with Portland's roses than with almost
anything else they ordinarily see in this
city. r rctajKniUK V. HOLMAN.
other, holding both above water, and
suddenly diving and showing her fish
like tail when alarmed, gave rise to the
mermaid myth, first told by the Arab
seamen. Jules Verne gives a thrilling
description of the capture of a dugong
In the Red Sea, when Its flesh was de
sired as food. Naturalists tell us that
the flesh of tho manatee and the dugong
much resemble well-fatted pork of pleas
ant flavor, and Is highly esteemed as
food. For this reason "they were much
hunted and are fast becoming extinct:
showing only too plainly the effect of
man's unceasing war on those whom he
has marked as his victims.
From Frederick Villlers "Port Arthur."
Admiral Togo Is a small man. turning
gray, with a short-cropped naval beard
and a face that shows little emotion
Most polite In manner, he paid- us every
attention. The great man had a pecu
liar way of standing with both hands
spread out on his hips and his arms
akimbo. I took a sketch of him in this
position; and then I found a most amus
ing coincidence. His officers, from the
chief of his staff down to the middies,
all aped their beloved chief and stood
with their arms and hands in the same
When the Great
c. qee wo
can cure you of any ailment by his powerful and
harmless Chinese herbs and roots, which are un
known to medical science of this country. His
wonderful cures throughout the United States
alone tell the story. Thousands of people are
thankful to him for saving their lives from