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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
PAGES 'I T05
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
VOL. XXIV NO. 8.
PORTLAND, OEEGON, SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 19, 1905.
Russian Princes Kneel
Beside His Bier.
MASSES SAID FOR SERGIUS
Zemsky Sobor Will Be Called
by Manifesto March 4.
MORE OFFICIALS ARE SLAIN
murdered Grand Duke's Brother Re
stored to Favor Strike Dying in
Poland, but Breaks Out
AMERICAN PROFESS OB MUR
DERED. JCEW YORK, Feb. 18. The World to
morrow will print tho following cable,
dated Moscow, via. Vienna, February 18:
An American named Maclieanland, a
popular professor and English lecturer
at the Commercial Academy In Mos
cow, wan .shot dead today by an acad
emy student named Slsow for political
reasons. Sisow committed suicide.
BERLIN, Feb. 10. The TaseblatlM
St. Petersburg correspondent ays that
a plenary slttlag of the Committee ef
Ministers nt Tsarskoe-Sclo, February
Id, decided Is principle the question of
convoking: a popular assembly.
The Committee decided on March 4,
the anniversary ot the abolition of
serfdom, ns the date to issue n mani
festo concerning: the summoning; of the
Zemsky Sobor, In accordance -with an
ancient Russian tradition, and to refer
the elaboration of details to a commit
tee of the Ministers.
The Emperor of Russia, by a ukase is
sued yesterday, restored to favor in tho
imperial family Grand Duke Paul Alex
andre vltch, who somo years ago was de
graded of Tank and honors, because in
opposition to the will of the Emperor and
the wishes of the imperial family, he con
tracted a morganatic marriage with Mme.
Olga Pistolkoos. In accordance with the
decree Grand Duke Paul Is reinvested
with his title and military standing and
as general aid-de-camp to His Majesty
will attend the funeral of Grand Duke
Scrgius, his brother.
The body of Grand Duke Serglus lies
in the Choudaff monastery, at Moscow,
where an honorary guard keeps vigil and
priests intone prayers for the repose of
That unrest is yet prevalent within the
empire is evidenced by the fact that a
district official at Igdyr was assassinated
by Armenians for political reasons yes
terday and that at Vagarshapd the May
or was shot and killed, while at Klshlnef
an attack was made by an unknown man
on the Prefect of Police of that city.
MOSCOW, Feb. 18. A memorial service
to Grand Duke Serglus today at the Alex-
left Church of the Tsu Monastery was at
tended by Grand Duchesses Elizabeth and
Maria and Grand Dukes Constantlne and
Dimltri, all the high civil and military
officers, representatives of the municipal
ity and zemstvos and of different classes
of society, and the foreign Consuls.
Tho body of Grand Duke Serglus lies in
a coffin. It stands on a silver bier among
a mass of growing palms. There are two
wrraths on the casket one from Grand
Duchess Elizabeth and the other from the
late Grand Duke's suite. The coffin is
I half covered by a grand ducal pall of gold
embroidery, with borders of ermine and
the Grand Duke's decorations are ar
ranged on either side of the casket in
order of precedence. Prayers are to be
said thrice daily by the clergy, and there
will be day and night watches for the
dead by Generals and officials of the first.
second, third and fourth ranks and a num
ocr of personal friends, while two officers
of the Moscow garrison will stand as sen
tinels at the head and foot of the bier.
Detachments of soldiers will maintain a
continuous guard outside the monasters'.
An extraordinary session of the Munici
pal Council has passed resolutions re
questing tho Minister of the Interior to
present the condolences of the city to the
Emperor, and also sent a message of sym
pathy to Grand Duchess Elizabeth.
The bells of Moscow's 500 churches tolled
today, requiem masses were celebrated,
and before many altars priests are cease
lessly chanting prayers for the repose of
the soul of the murdered Grand. Duke.
Touching messages have been received
by the Grand Duchess from Emperor
Nicholas and her sister, the Empress.
Troops are patrolling inside the Kremlin,
all the entrances of which continue to be
closed to the public.
All the shops are closed and the news
papers appeared with mourning borders.
Some students have "been roughly han
dled In the streets.
PARIS GOES INTO MOURNING
Grand Duke and Duchess Are Well
Known and Popular There.
PARIS, Feb. IE. The assassination of
Grand Duke Serglus absorbs public and
official attention, as personally the Grand
Duke was well known here, owing to his
frequent visits, while politically he was
regarded in government circles as the
real power behind the throne. According
ly, the authorities are associating them
selves with Russia's official period of
mourning; Foreign Minister Delcasse's
gala reception, which was to take place
tonight, has been postponed. The conclu
sions of the . International Commission of
inquiry into the North-Sea incident may
also be interrupted, owing to the desire o
Vice-Admiral Doubassoff, the Russian rep
resentative; to participate in the pend
Rear-Admiral Davis, the American rep
resentative on the North Sea Commission.
was among the callers at the Russian
Embassy to express condolences today.
Grand Duke Serglus visited Paris each
year with Grand Duchess Elizabeth. They
appeared quite democratic, stopping at
the Hotel de Liverpool, promenading the
boulevards, driving in the Bols de Bou
logne and visiting shopping and art cen
ters. The Grand Duke attracted marked
attention. He was the largest of Alex
ander II's big sons, over six feet tall, with
a heavy blonde beard surrounding a rud
dy and rather benevolent face with strong
features. Tho Grand Duke and Grand
Duchess observed strict incognito, so as
to permit of larger liberty of action.
Grand Duchess Elizabeth is generally
liked here, owing to her amiability, which
was irenerally considered to be in marked
contrast with Grand Duke Scrgius' dis
position. An American naval officer who
visited Moscow a few. months ago, went
to tho Kremlin, where contributions wore
being received for the Red Cross. The
Grand Duchess personally received the
contributions and graciously gave receipts
In her own handwriting.
THE EMPEROR'S ACT OF GRACE
Banished Grand Duke Paul Restored
to Rank and Family.
ST. PETERSBURG, Feb. 19 (1:20 A. M.).
Tho decision of the Emperor In this
period of his grief to restore Grand Duke
Paul, youngest brother of Grand Duke
Serglus, to his rank and family, is felt to
be a most gracious act. Grand Duke
Paul was banished several years ago be
caused he persisted in contracting a mor
ganatic marriage with iladame Olga Pis
tolkoos, despite the commands of the Em
peror and the wishes of the Imperial fam
ily. He was deprived of rank in the army
and his orders and decorations were with
drawn. The doors of Russian were closed
to him, and Grand Duke and Grand Duch
ess Serglus extended the shelter of their
home to his two children by his first mar
riage and virtually adopted them.
Of late the decree against Grand Duke
Paul has been relaxed to the extent that
he was allowed to return to Russia, and
the Emperor's act now permits him to
take his rightful place with the other Im
The official announcement made last
"Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovitch will
resume his military service as general
ald-de-camp to the Emperor, and will at
tend the funeral of Grand Duke Sergius
BITTER OPPONENT OF LIBERALS
Some Declarations of Grand Duke.
Who Controlled Czarc
PARIS Feb. IS. Several letters just re
ceived from St- Petersburg give prophetic
sidelights ppon the events leading up to
the assassination of Grand Duke Ser
gius. The Grand Duke, it is pointed out.
was an uncompromising opponent of any
reform, which, he declared, was organ
ized warfare against autocracy handed
down to the Emperors. He exercised
strong Influence In this direction upon his
brother, Alexander HI. One day Alexan
der, exasperated with the popular unrest,
declared the agitators ought to be sent
to the forests of the Caucasus to feed
upon acorns. Sergius replied:
"That would be more digestive and less
dangerous than letting them nurse Idle
dreams of bombthrowlng, for every pre
tended 'Liberal is at heart a bomb
thrower." Serglus exercised the same influence
over Nicholas II against the realization of
reforms. He frequently spoke of the fate
of his (Sergius') father, Alexander II, rep
resenting to Nicholas that the crime was
a chastisement of Heaven for relaxing
the autocratic power to the Liberal de
mands. When the recent Liberal move
ment developed, Sergius exclaimed:
"Better far that we perish by bombs
than by reforms. There i3 some bravery
In the first. There is only cowardice in
It was the result of this persistent atti
tude or Grand Duke Serglus against re
form that lately inspired the late Minister
of the Interior Von Plehve's Iron admin
istration. More recently it was the Grand
Duke who sent General Trepoft to sub
due the uprising at St. Petersburg with an
iron hand. The check to ex-Mlnlster of
the Interior Svlatopolk--lirskys liberal
plans and the subsequent retirement of
Sviatopolk-MJrsky aro attributed to Ser
The foregoing extracts from semi-offi
cial letters (mailed before the assassina
"However, one ought not to think Grand
Duke Serglus hard or cruel at heart. He
fully believed that the suppression of ro
forms would save Russia from convulsions
and assure the people a happy outcome.
The best proof that Serglus is not a bloody
man is his horror of warfare. He opposed
the Japanese War until hostilities began,
and if peace had been realized It would
certainly have been owing to Sergius pow
LET THE PEOPLE HELP TO RULE
St. Petersburg Papers Speak Plainly
on Lessons of Tragedy.
ST. PETERSBURG, Fob. 19 O:20 A. M.).
The Russ and the Novostl, commenting
on the assassination of Grand Duke Ser
gius, point out how impossible Is a con
tinuation of present conditions. The Russ
"From the day of the death of Minister
of the Interior Von Plehvo, the fighting
group of Social Revolutionists held its
peace, and the four months of Prince
Sviatopolk-Mlrsky's regime was a period
of active but peaceful propaganda. Now
that blood again has been shed, and al
though foreigners predict all will end In
revolution, the case is not hopeless. Only
let representatives of the people be
allowed to participate in the government
and the nation is directed to the road of
peace and our sufferings must end. We
do not want blood and terror, but peace
and peaceful conditions. In this hope we
see our ony safety from the tragic inci
dents that are happening about us."
The Novostl says: "The victims of the
.(Concluded on. Pace Seven.)
DEEP PLOT LAID
Labor Agitators Plan to
SEEK TO AROUSE WORKMEN
St. Louis Malcontents Call Mass
Meeting Tuesday Night
PORTLAND MEN REFUSE AID
Local Leaders Are in Sympathy With
Lewis and Clark Exposition, and
Balk at Hostile Step of
Labor agitators who have come here
from the St. Louis Exposition have formed
a conspiracy to hold up the Lewis and
Clark Fair. They have been working
among the workmen at the Fair" grounds
for several weeks, and, though they have
not met with success, except In a mod
erate degree, they are planning a gen
eral walkout for this week. They have
called a mass meeting of Exposition work
ers for Tuesday night, at which they will
make a desperate effort to call out all
the workmen and stop work at the Fair.
This movement Ib not aided In any way
by Portland labor leaders. For they are
heartily In sympathy with the Fair and
anxious to see it completed and made a
success. It emanates altogether from out
side agitators, who have come here more
for the purpose of causing trouble than
anything else. They are Irresponsible;
they have no Interest in the Fair: In
fact, they are completely hostile to It.
The movement is not even general
among the outside workmen who are cm
ployed at the Fair. It is being carried
on and agitated by a small clique of
walking delegates who have no connection
with the local (unions and are working
directly against their interests.
Walking Delegates Plan Hold-Up.
These delegates made an effort two
weeks ago to hold up the Fair, but failed,
because they did not have the sympathy
of the workmen themselves. By gross
misrepresentation and statements found
ed in noway on trut.b. they Induced the
workmen, oa the -"Government building to
do as they liked and created trouble. The
strike on the Government building ended
quickly, because the concessions the work
men asked were thrown at their heads.
They won out so quickly that they could
hardly believe it a victory themselves.
They had no sooner won the first bat
tle than they made an effort to have
all the workmen of the Fair grounds
strike. But their effort failed. It failed
for several reasons: Because the agita
tors had been premature; they had been
so successful In their first attempt that
they thought victory would come easily.
The minds of the men were not prepared
for the movement, and the strongest rea
son of all. the men knew their own Inter
ests too well to follow the lead of a lot
of Socialistic agitators who had nothing
to lore themselves.
Local Unions Not Involved.
It must be understood from the start
that the local labor unions have had noth
ing to do with any strike or agitation for
a strike "that has occurred at the Fair
grounds. There are two-reasons for this:
The local labor unions have the interests
of the Fair at heart and do not wish to
hold it up, and, besides, there are very
few local men working at the Fair.
This last fact did not become apparent
until the labor troubles arose, and it has
no more "bearing on the present situation
other than It exonerates the local unions
from the Implication that they have been
In any way responsible for the condition
that now exists. There Is even no reason
for believing that the local unions are
even acquainted with the purpose of the
agitators In calling the mass meeting for
Tuesday night, other than the fact that
those who have acquainted themselves
with the labor situation at the Fair are
all apprised of the purpose of the meet
ing. Agitators Instil Hatred.
It Is difficult to find the persons on
whom to place the blame, unless It be
the agitators merely, but a hatred toward
the Fair and the Fair management and
all connected with it has been instilled
into many workmen at the Fair grounds.
The reason why the agitators should do
this is obvious enough, but no explana
tion can bo found for the hatred of the
agitators themselves, except that they are
rabid Socialists, who are bitterly opposed
to any conservatlce mothods.
There Is not the slightest doubt In the
world that the local labor unions would
like to have a "closed Fair," to have
none but union men working there, but
their methods toward obtaining this end
have not been in any way hostile.
There is no doubt that the local unions
would like to control the Fair, as it is
a part of their creed that the unions
should control. But they have been much
more Interested In the Fair than in their
own Immediate interests and have not
stirred up strife In any way. In fact,
they havedone their best to prevent the
troubles which have already arisen, but
they have been powerless because labor
ers, agitators and all were from the out
side and would not listen to their argu
ments for conservative methods.
There has been a condition of continual
unrest at the Fair for two weeks past,
and it has been known that at some
time soon a climax would be reached.
Plan for General Walkout.
This climax is at hand. It Is merely a
question whether the conservative or the
socialistic element will win. If the Tues
day night programme takes place as
scheduled, the agitators will make a des
perate effort to obtain a general walk
out and strike.
This Is really the most momentous
period in the trouble. If the agitators
cannot win out this time they are lost,
and the victory will rest with the con
servative element, as It did before. The
agitators have been working hard, and
they believe they have their men lined
up so that they will act as scheduled, but
they reckon without their host it they
do not consider the hundreds of other
men at work on the Fair grounds who are
not in sympathy with them.
It U. almost safe -to say that tho agita-
tors will not win. They havo against
them the more conservative among the
outside workmen, and that Is a large per
centage, and they have against them
every workman. Jn .Portland. .
The Portland workmen say themselves
that they are going to see the Fair
through, that they are friendly to it. and
that they know the outside workmen to
have been lead to consider a strike by
sociallstically Inclined agitators, who are
entirely irresponsible and have no local
Tho plan now on foot to hold up the
Fair will not be tolerated by any class of
Portland people. This has been amply
shown on every hand. And outsiders
cannot hope to win unless they have the
sympathy of local unions. This they
havo not got. and will not have as long
as these unions are friendly to the Fair.
The agitators catne here from St. Louis,
and they have made an open brag that
they will be paid several times as much
as at present or they will stop all work
at the Fair and kill It.
There has been little complaint against
the wages paid at the Fair except by the
agitators. Men havo been receiving fair
pay, though not very high pay. Tho kind
of work has not in roost cases demanded
a class of workmen who could draw bet
ter wages, and contractors have not been
forced into paying high wages. They
could get plenty of men at current wages
and have easily filled the positions left
vacant by the partial strike of two weeks
ago. The agitators have merely the pur
pose of holding up the contractors and
the Fair In general. It has not been a
question, of right or wrong, but simply
the effort of outside men to make what
they could out of the Fair, no matter if
they ruined the Fair Itself in obtaining
SEVERE STORMS IN ARKANSAS
Cold Weather Qauses Heavy Loss to
Farmers and Cattlemen.
LITTLE ROCK. Ark., Feb. 13. A snow
storm began this afternoon and is still
raging throughout the state. In some
parts of the state continued cold weather
has caused an extensive loss of hogs and
cattle by farmers.
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER
TODAY'S Occasional rain: brisk southerly
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 41
de;.; minimum. 3S. Precipitation, 0.40.
Affairs In Russia.
Russian imperial family mourns Grand Duke
Serglus. Page 1.
Manifesto railing Zemsky Sobor' will be lasued
on March 4. Pace 2.
Three minor officials are murdered or as
saulted by terrorists. Page 7.
Strike In Poland dyinp out. but it breaks out
on railroads la Russia. Page 7.
American professor at Moscow murdered by
student, who commits suicide. Page 1.
The War in the Far East.
Japanese brine up big siege guns against Lose
Tree H1K. Tace 7.
Japanese cavalry, joined by Chinese troops
and basdlts, operates In Manchuria, Page
Rumors of peace continue, but cannot be con
firmed. Page 7.
Spaniard tries to blow up Mexican Smbassr
in Paris. Page. 'JK :.v .
Power- refuse to let Greece annex Crete.
Sharp contest In Senate about statehood bill.
House passes pension bill. Page -.
More discoveries In regard to Panama Rail
road. Page 3.
Hoke Smith accuses Hitchcock of slandering
him. Page 3.
President lemscs to hold up Oregon appoint
ments. Page 1. ,
Scheme of Senate to shelve railroad rate bill
Best men in N'ew York unite for police re
form. Page 1.
Denver union men will march to capitol to
protest against unseating Adams. Page
Gates has a wtback In bis boom of wheat.
Page 9. "
M&trtmonlal troubles of Buffalo Bill In court.
Mrs. Chadwlck has $1,000,000 hidden. Page 14
Massachusetts man's fortune of $250,000 stolen.
Anti-bucket shop bill mysteriously disappears.
In closing hour, of Oregon Senate. Page 6.
Indian woman whose father hunted with Lewis
and Clark dies at Seaside. Page 0.
Only one anti-gambling bill . passed Oregon
Legislature. Page 0.
McCredlc signs Jay Hughes. Page 23.
Indoor baseball league to be formed. Page 23.
Indoor track meet to be held "Wednesday.
Commercial and Marine.
Sharp advance in Union Pacific stock. Page 15
Bank statement shows Important contraction
in loans. Page 15.
Lower foreign markets weaken wheat at Chi
cago. Page 15.
Review of cured fruit trade. Page IS.
Reasons for removal of Spencer from Port
of Portland. Page 14.
Tramp steamers cut trans-Pacific rates.
Valuable cargo shipped on Nlcomedia. Page 14.
Features and Departments.
Editorial. Page 4.
Stories of real life that rival fiction. Page 37.
With a sewing class of Portland youngsters.
Return of Sherlock Holmes. Page 40.
James Whltcomb Riley, the apostle of good
cheer. Page 41.
A thousand mllen of the Amazon is a yacht.
The Goulds of today. How they, work and
live. Page 34.
Jottings of Old Llm Jucklln. Page 37.
Lyman's history of Oregon. Page 43.
Social. Pages 20-21.
Dramatic Pages 18-10.
Music Page 25.
Household and fashions. 3S-39.
Youths' department. Page 42.
Portland and Vicinity.
Labor agitators form plot to tie up work at
Lewis and Clark Exposition. Page 1.
City Board of Charities spends much on sal
axles, but little In al'd of needy. Page 12.
Politicians turn attention to city election on
June 0. Page 16.
Consul Miller to lecture on Oriental conditions.
Page 11. ,
New pastor of Grace Methodist Episcopal
Church arrives. Pase 13. ,
Massachusetts representatives arrive for pur
pose of starting work on state pavilion.
Unhappy husband asks divorce on grounds
that wife Is tyrannical and fond of other
men. Page 10.
Two companies of militia will guard Fair.
wearing special uniform. Page 13.
Organization perfected of academy for scfen
tlflc research. Page 10.
County Court sets date for reprobating of
Reed will. Page 10.
Unknown young man commits suicide with re
markable calmness. Page 12.
Excitable Chinamen Jay In stock of revolvers
because of wjld rumors following, recent
shooting affray. Page 12.
-Civil War Veterans" make Initial arrangements
for memorable reunion at the Lewis and
Clark Exposition, face- 12.
STDP THE GRAFT
New War Begun on New
RIME GOES UNPUNISHED
Strong. Men Stirred by Rob
bery and Murder.
POLICE COMMISSIONER HELPS
Committee of Chamber of Commerce
Sets to Work to Clean Out Ras
cality and Incompetence,
Which Die Hard.
NEW YORK. Feb. IS. (Special.) New
York Is now In tbe throes of police re
form. This species or activity comes
every so often, and heretofore has been
barren of lasting results. Indications are
that the present crusade will have a dif
ferent and a happier ending.
Ever since crusades began, and that
goes back to the time of the Metropolitan
police, long before the war. the crusaders
outside the department have found them
selves opposed by the mamelukes of tho
system inside it
The present crusade shows the eminent
members of the Chamber of Commerce
committee working hand in glove wlth
the Commissioner In charge of the uni
formed force, while everybody is saylns
nice things about everybody else.
Furthermore, the present crusade is be
ing conducted on different lines from that
of its predecessors. "The motto of tho
famous Lexow committee of 1S33 was
"Exposure for Political Advantage." The
present crusaders have adopted for their
motto, "Legislation and No Politics."
The Chamber of Commerce police com
mittee sprang Into life because the force
seemed utterly unable to cope with crime.
A number of murders had been commit
ted. and are still unexplained; several
prominent and wealthy citizens were held
up in their homes In broad daylight. The
old story was revived that captains were
rgain In league wjth lawbreakers. . and
t.hls report was strengthened by the fact
that District Attorney Jerome seemed to
have do troqble In finding gambling and
other resorts which the police said did
Committee of Strong Men
In consequence, at a largely attended
meeting of the Chamber of Commerce a
resolution was adopted calling for the
appointment of a committee of nine to
Investigate existing police conditions and
report as to what could or should be done
to improve them.
Austen G. Fox, who introduced the res.
olutlon, was made chairman, and his col
leagues include such well-known public
citizens as Elihu Hoot. ex-Secretary
of War; Morris K. Jessup and "William
Jay. It was a committee of such high
standing that no member of It could be
accused of seeking political or material
The members of the committee expected
from the outset to have the assistance
of Police Commissioner William G. Mc
Adoo. and they were not disappointed.
Mr. McAdoo has the distinction of being
the only Police Commissioner ever named
by Tammany who is admitted all around
to be an honest, upright man. one who
could not be bribed, and who does his
best to give New York a model police de
partment, regardless of politics.
This, It will be remembered, was the
reputation of Theodore Roosevelt, and
these are the only two men who ever gave
satisfaction in the office. It is a peculiar
fact that both of these men have filled
tho office ot Assistant Secretary of the
Navy Roosevelt after he was Commis
sioner and McAdoo before, he being one of
McAdoo Promises Aid.
Mr. McAdoo promptly promised to co
operate with the committee, and, with
the approval of the Mayor, submitted to
It the draft of a number of bills which ha
hoped to have made Into lawn.
"The trouble with the department is."
he declared, "that a Commissioner, no
matter how honest he may lie. Is power
less under present conditions. A year in
the office has convinced me of that.'!
Truly. Mr. McAdoo's year has been a
strenuous one. When ho entered the de
partment he hardly knew a soul there,
and has been forced laboriously to sort
the sheep from the goats.
Tho Commissioner's Ideas for the bet
terment of the department are embodied
in a number of bills which he hops to
have enacted Into laws. These he has
submitted to the City Club committee, and
ho will not fefl offended If they see nt
to change them
Mr. McAdoo is convinced after his year
of study that one great defect In tho
present system could be remedied by the
abolition of the "wardraen." Wardmen
are plain-clothes men. designated by the
various captains to do thi petty detec
tive work of the station. They are also
credited with doing the "collecting" when
any is done, and it Is generally believed
that they have been quite active of lata.
Reforms Made by Commissioner.
For a body blow at the system the
Commissioner Dlans an entire separation
of the police and detective forces, al
though both would be under the charge
of the same Commissioner. The detec
tives would do work In any part of the
city where their services might be re
quired, and wardmon would be absolutely
Another idea which he deems essential
is to take, away from the courts the pow
er they now possess to undo the actions
ot a Commissioner. At present it Is very
easy to get a man off .the force on
charge but mighty hard to keep him off J.xoad.
Any man dismissed now enjoys the right
of. appeal to the Supreme Court, and
generally the action of the Comndssioner
is reversed on some technicality, and a
man who has been dismissed because of
gross offenses Is restored to duty with
back pay. All his punishment consists
of Is simply a vacation with full salary.
Mr. McAdoo believes that police offend
ers should be tried by a board consisting
of three men. one an officer of his own
rank In the department, and that if
the sentence be dismissal and It be ap
proved my the Mayor It be .final. This
undoubtedly would relieve the department
of a great deal of useless timber.
In the meantime the Commissioner
has adopted another temporary expe
dient, by which he expects to have the
laugh on the courts. Practically ev?ry
commanding officer whom he docs not
trust has been ordered to appear before
the Board of Police Surgeons, to se
whethor or not he is fit for actlvo duty.
Five inspectors ran the gauntlet th
other day, and It Is said to have been
very amusing except to the inspectors.
Here is what one of them said about
"They made me gallop around that
Infernal room for ten minutes at
time; I hopped on one foot until I felt
like a one-legged man. and then I hop
ped on the other; I tried to touch my
toe3 with my lingers, and I jumped up
and down like a rubber ball. Then all
the doctors gathered around me and
beat me with their fists. Do I pass? I
dont know, but I'm lucky to be alive.'
Tho general belief in the department
is that all of these men will be found
"unfit for duty" and retired on pen
sions. The fact is not lost sight
that the inspector's cuties are princi
pally clerical and he does very little
personal thief-taking. But every one
of these unhappy men was examined
precisely as If he were Just preparing
to go on the force as an ordinary pa
McAdoo's Right-Hand Man.
McAdoo's right-hand man in the re
organization of tho force is Captain
Stephen O'Brien, lately restored to his
old position aa Chief of Detectives,
which he held In the days of Roosevelt.
Captain O'Brien in a public interview.
edited by himself, made the bold an
nouncement that captains of precincts
are clearly responsible if criminals
flourish in their districts.
"I am prepared to say," he declares,
"that unless a captain is incompetent or
corrupt, or both, gambling and other
vices cannot exist in the territory
which, he controls. I know this from
my own experience, and I have cleaned
up several precincts whero my prede
cessors cither said that no crime ex
Isted or else that It was Impossible to
Btop It. and I have proved them to be
The same opinion Is held by the Com
mlsi8oner, and he Is making trouble for
every commanding officer who falls to
make good. BesesJlhamber of
Commerce committee is aicer mem
and that august body has been prom
ised by the leadors or the Legislature
that its recommendations shall receive
due and respectful consideration. -
These are indeed perilous days for
tho New York policemen. Nobody
knows what la rear o huppei
SPANIARD E00LS WITH BOMB
Tries to Blow Up Mexican Legation
but Only Wounds Himseif.
PARIS. Feb. IS. Inhabitants of the
rrhamDS Elvsee quarter were aroused to
night by a loud explosion, and the police,
who were hurriedly summoned, discover-
cd In front of the Mexican legation a man
severely wounded and lying amiu irag
mpnts of a bomb.
The man was taken to a hospital and
cross-examined. He said his name was
and he was a Spaniard. He as
serted that he had been ruined by the
Mexican government and la revenge
threw a bomb, which, however, exploded
too soon, and he himself was Injured. The
police found a revolver, a dagger and
some anarchist pamphlets, and a search
of his lodgings led to the discovery of two
bombs Identical with that which he had
exploded. Garcia denies being an anar
chist. He is wounded in the arms and
Prompt action by the police prevented
h1 h!nrr lvnched.
The bomb was filled with dynamite, and
the stone walls of the legation were some
GREECE MUST NOT TAKE CRETE
Powers Disappoint the Ambition of
Prince George for Annexation.
BERLIN. Feb. IS. The Ambassadors of
Great Britain, Italy and Russia today
presented a note to the German Foreign
Office definitely declining to accede to the
proposition of Prince George of Greece in
favor of the annexation ot the Island of
Crete by Greece.
Prince George of Greece, Commissioner
General of the powers In Crete, visited
Rome in September. 1904. In order to learn
what ground existed for a petition of the
inhabitants of Crete for his removal be
cause of alleged misrule. This petition
was presented to the Italian Foreign
Minister, who. assisted by tht Russian,
French and British Ambassadors, has
charge of the supervision of affairs In
Ho vl3lted the Italian Foreign Office,
and in the course of a discussion of the
situation expressed the opinion that It
was Impossible to delay further the union
of Crete to Greece, because of racial, re
ligious, economic and political reasons.
He exprrssed the belief that Crete should
be joined to Greece as Bosnia was joined
to Austria in 1878 by the treaty of Berlin,
Turkey remaining nominally the high sov
ereign and the European powers with
drawing their troops from the Island,
their places being taken by Greek sol
diers. ' BOSTON" ITTMBERMAIT FALLS.
Chehalis Woodworking Company Is
Among His Largest Creditors.
BOSTON. Mass.. Feb. IS. (Special.) L.
H. Shepard. a prominent lumber dealer,
filed a voluntary petition In bankruptcy
here today for 5156,000. with assets ot
$103,524. Among the largest creditors are
the Chehalte Woodworking Company, of
Chohalls, Wash. $5283; the Coast Cypress
Company. St. Marks. Fla.. $2049, and the
Boyd. Lumber CO., Rlchburg. Ala., fHS4
Unsecured claims total $79,400.
Storm Blocks Railroads.
CORRY. Pa., Feb. 18. The great storm
of last night and today has effectually
blocked all through trains on the rail-
IE flOT HELD P
Fulton Will Fill Oregon
PRESIDENT IS WITH HIM
Upsets Agreement Made by
AFFRONT. TO THE SENATOR
His Recommendations for Federal Of
fices Will Be Received by Pres-. -:dent
District Attorneyship . "
Awaits Hall's Trial.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash-.
ington. Feb. 18. President Roosevelt to
day completely overturned the Hitchcock-Wynne-Moody
policy ot making no
more Federal appointments In Oregon un
til after the land-fraud trials, and went
to the extreme of inviting Senator Fulton,
to submit recommendations whenever any
Federal office In the state shall become
vacant from any cause whatever.
The first thing this morning Mr. Fulton
went to the White House to ascertain
whether or not the policy adopted by the
three Cabinet officers had received execu
tive approval. President Roosevelt said
he had not even heard of the plan, and
was surprised that such step3 should have
been taken by members of his Cabinet.
He very promptly declared that he would
not stand for such a policy and would so
advise Hie parties to the agreement.
Has Confidence in Fuiton.
President Roosevelt took occasion to
express hl3 complete confidence In Sen
ator Fulton and to say that, la his opin
ion, the refusal to make any appoint
ments while the trials are pending would
be to offer an affront to the junior Sen
ator. The fact that three members of
the delegation are under Indictment, he
said, was no reason why the fourth mem
ber should le-ojlri.vedfihi.rjglit'-'.to
fill vacant ounces, and he particularly In
vited Mr. Fulton to come to him direct
whenever he desired to ha've any appoint
ments made, and he would give his recom
mendations his personal attention and ap
proval. Will Await Hall's Trial.
Mention was made of the district attor
neyship. Mr. Fulton agreed with the
President that it would be inexpedient to
make any appointment to that office at
this time, and nothing will be done until
after the trial of John Hall. Then the
President will take up this question with
Mr. Fulton, and there seems to bo no
doubt that Mr. Fulton's choice will pre
vail. If Mr. Hall Is acquitted and satis
factorily answers the charges which
brought about his suspension, he may be
reinstated, otherwise some other man of
Mr. Fulton's selection will be appointed.
No reference was made to any other
office, but It Is now understood that all
Presidential postofflces that become va
cant while the trials are pending will be
filled on recommendation of Mr. Fulton!
Fourth-class postofflces. being strictly un
der the control of Representatives, will
wait until the trials are over.
CROOKED OFFICIALS DROPPED
Pinchot Discharges Men Involved in
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. Feb. 18. Forest Superintendent
Benjamin F. Allen and Forest Supervlsor
Grant I. Taggart. who a year ago con
fessed to having been tools In the hands
of the Benson-Hyde land ring, -and ad
mitted having made recommendationgMn
the Interest of this firm, have been
dropped from the Government payroll.
Notwithstanding they admitted "having
been parties to extensive land fraud?,
these two officials were retained in of
fice, but when the forestry service, was
transferred, to the Agricultural Depart
ment, Gifford Pinchot, head of the For4
estry Bureau, refused to accept them.
Taggart and Allen were lost In the
shuffle, and, though they have made fran
tic efforts, have been unable to be rein
stated. These two men made extensive
Investigations In Southern Oregon and
recommended the creation of vast forest
reserves to include lands owned by Ben
son and Hyde. Their efforts in Oregon
Payment for St. James Mission.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, Feb. IS. The House today passed
Representative Jones bill, paying the St.
James Mission $25,000 for lands and build
ings confiscated by the Government and
Included In the "Vancouver military reser
vation. The bill originally carried $200,000.
but the House .cut It to the figure named.
Doubles Cost of vNew Building.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Feb. 18. Senator Foster today in
troduced amendments to the public build
ing bill Increasing the limit of cost of the
Tacoma and Spokane public buildings
from $100,000 to $SOO,000. He also offered
an amendment to the sundry civil bill ap
propriating $100,000 for the Improvement of
the Rainier' National Park.
Killed by Fall in Hatchway. -
NEW YORK, Feb. 18. Charles E.
Rogers, a wealthy lumber-dealer of
Brooklyn, was Instantly killed today
by falling down the hatchway of the
steamer Cuzzo, while inspecting a cargo
of mahogany. Mr. Rogers was a friend
and neighbor at- Oyster Bay of Presi
dent Roosevelt, '