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PAGES I TOiS
VOL. XXIII. NO
OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 11, 1904.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
PRODS BIG BEAR
Prominent Writer De
SAYS PUBLIC WAS FLEECED
Raid on Stocks Said to Be
Part of Conspiracy
PLANNED IN WALL STREET
C. W. Barron Goes On to Say Lawson
Led His Own Lambs to Slaughter,
and Was Part of "System"
He Assails in Print.
BOSTON, Mass., Dec. 10. (Special.) -Clarence
W. Barron, the foremost finan
cial writer in America, late today pub
lished a bitter denunciation and alleged
exposure of the Lawson-Gates alleged se-
ret allfance with the Standard Oil-Amalgamated
Copper Insurance Combine,
which Lawson has termed "the system."
Barron declares that Lawson's great
raid upon the market this week with
Amalgamated Copper as a club to knock
ojt weak holders of securities was part of
a great Wall street conspiracy, by means
cf which Lawson and his backers plun
dered tho investors of the country out of
millions of dollars. Mr. Barron flatly nc-
uses Lawson of being an Integral part of
the "system" which the latter "affects to
expose, but carefully conceals." He as
aerts that Lawson led his own enormous
following gained by masterful publicity te
slaughter by his four-column "warning"
published as an advertisement throughout
the country this week. Mr. Barron datss
the stock manipulation of the week back
to Lawson's Thanksgiving proclamation
by means of which Lawson tested the
market by creating a slight flurry the day
after. This was assigned to enable toe
ring to take the measure of the lambs.
"Then," ays Barron, "the faker's bell
was rung and' thebrokers' offices, filled -up.
Every Jamb -was---counted, and '-at theJ
psychological.- moment .of the publication
of the President's message the mine was
sprung. By juggling with Roosevelt's
statements, the manipulators frightened
speculators, weak traders and small hold
ers -until they dropped everything and ran.
The market had been measured up and
brokers' holdings tabulated through the
banks and trust companies. Then Lawson
was put forward to lead the lambs to
slaughter. It was a killing, and it was
Lawson's own following who were on the
"Lawson exposed to view the highest
art of the manipulating tipster during the
days of his slaughter of his followers in
Amalgamated. The mine under Amal
gamated has been honeycombed with
stop-loss orders, placed there by Lawson
himself or his associates, who have told
many brokers to sell on "stop" 5000 shares
whenever a certain point in depression
had been reaobed, and also to make ex
e.utions of other orders at certain times.
These orders acted as battering rams In
the market, multiplying in force as they
tame pounding one upon another, while
Lawson fiddled upon the telegraph wires
all over the country, yelling' that his
Amalgamated Rome was burning, but that
he had nothing to do with applying the
torch. He was Nero and fiddler and fire
man and incendiary. And shame to tell
It. he was only a part of a great Wall
street conspiracy. Lawson In his opera
tions was part of the great 'system which
he has been denouncing In his newspaper
and magazine articles. But the end is not
jet. It approaches."
ENEMIES IN WAR FAST FRIENDS
Kuropatkin and Japanese Minister of
War Gave Each Other Swords.
TOKIO. Nov. 8. (Correspondence of
the Associated Press.) An interesting
story of the great struggle at arms be
tween Japan and Russia lies Jn a long
established personal friendship be
tween General TerauchI, Minister of
"War of Japan, and General Kuropat
kin, Commander-in-Chief of the Rus
sian armies in Manchuria, and an ex
change of swords as presents between
them on the eve of war. Kuropatkin
and TerauchI' met in Paris 20 years
ago. TerauchI, then a Major, was mili
tary attache to the Japanese Legation
in the French capital, and Kuropatkin,
n Major-General at that time, went to
France to observe the military man
euvers. The two soldiers met first of
ficially and there soon sprang up be
tween them a feeling. of warm friend
ship and regard. They parted in Paris
rnd did not meet until Kuropatkin
came to Japan last year. The lapse
of years had brought increased rank
and Cabinet portfolios to both, and
their reunion was an interesting one.
Events were then moving rapidly to
ward war, but the rupture had not
come, and the two Ministers met as
friends and freely; enjoyed the reun
ion. "When Kuropatkin was about to
leave Japan for home TerauchI pre
sented to him a Japanese sword with a
blade of the finest workmanship and an
interesting history. When he reached
Ft Petersburg, Kuropatkin gave an
order for the manufacture of a Russian
word for his friend, Terauchi. It was
finished and dispatched in December
and reached the Japanese capital a
week before Togo's guns opened fire
on Port Arthur.
A somewhat peculiar thinr about the
Russian sword is that it reached Tokio
with the blade keenly sharpened, a
custom followed by officers as a rule
orly In time of 'war. and among the
few who knew of the existence of the
weapon there has been much discus
sion as to why it was sharpened. The
sword Is a handsome weapon. It is
shaped moro like a saber than the con
lentional sword of .the time. It has a
handle of gold, and tne "black scab
bard in which It rests is tipped with
gold. Despite the gulf that divides
the two peoples, despite tho fact that
their soldiers and skill are pitted In
a gigantic struggle, Terauchf speaks
fondly and spectfully of his old soldier
friend. Indeed, throughout all Japan
Kuropatkin is held In distinct respect
by the people at large, many of whom
believe if ho had "been at home in Rus
sia last year the men who made the
war would never have gained the ascendancy.
PLACED ON THE GRIDIRON.
Noted Club of This, Name Has Fun
at Expense of Prominent Men.
WASHINGTON. Dec 10. The first din
ner of the Gridiron Club for the season
was given at the Arlington Hotel tonight,
and the beautifully decorated dining-room
rang with merriment for more than four
hours greatly -to the delight of the 200
persons present. The recent election af
forded the famous club of Washington
correspondents an opportunity to make
mirth at the expense of both the success
ful and the defeated parties, prominent
representatives of both being present to
enjoy the quips and burlesque which
were presented with gridiron humor and
pleasantry Cabinet officers, Senators
and Representatives and other diplomatic
officers were there to be put on the grid
Iron, and also to appreciate the clever
schemes which had been concocted for
their especial benefit
An attempt to recognize the Democratic
party, in which Cleveland, Bryan, Watsop,
Debs, Davis, Taggart and othors were
personated by members ot the club, and
into which a fortune-teller, full of wit
and alive to the general situation Injected
himself, made the hit of the evening.
The dead-letter office, to which a mem
ber of the club had recently been ap
pointed chief, was opened, and some ciirl
ous and unheard-of letters relating to
prominent guests were unearthed.
The musicalc feature was one of the
best, and topical songs, choruses and
solos dedicated especially to those who
sat at tables were enjoyed during the
Among the guests present were: Speak
er Cannon. Vlce-Prcsldent-EIect .Fair
banks. Secretary Morton. Secretary' Met
calf. Senators Aldrlch, Allison, Beverldge,
Cockrell. Dietrich, Dolllver, Elklns. Fora
ker. Gorman. Newlands, Piatt (Conn.),
and Scott; Representatives Cowherd and
Hemenway, George B. Cortelyou. chair
man of the Republican National Commit
tee; Ex-Senator Henry G. Davis, West
Virginia; Elmer Dover, secretary of the
Republican National Committee; J. Pler
pont Morgan and E. P. Ripley, president
of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe
CHAFFEE ARRESTS LIEUTENANT
McDonald Goes in to Resign, but Is
Told He Must Meet Charges.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. Dec 10. Lieutenant P. H. McDon
ald had the unique distinction of being
made a prisoner by General Chaffee, chief
of staff, today. He recently came to the
War Department to urge that his resigna
tion be accepted, and gained admittance
to the office of the Chief of Staff. General
Chaffee heard the officer's appeal through
to the end, and then rose from his chair
and saldi "I have heard several serious
charges against you from the regimental
commander at .Fort Lawtort. Tou are ac
cused of duplication of pay accounts and
obtaining money under false pretenses."
The Lieutenant was almost overcome
with confusion at the unexpected outcome
of his visit, and the explanation that he
stammered out was evidently not satis
factory to General Chaffee.
"I herebjr declare you under arrest," an
nounced the Chief of Staff.
General Chaffee then summoned Captain
Alyord, Secretary of the Staff, from the
other room, and the officer was detailed
to take Lieutenant McDonald to Fort
Meyer. From Fort Meyer the Lieutenant
will be taken to his old post for court
martial. Career In Seattle Sensational.
SEATTLE, Wash., Dec 10. As the re
sult of a sensational career in this city.
Second Lieutenant Paul H. McDonald, of
the Tenth Infantry, now stationed at Fort
Lawton, in this county, is on his way here
from Washington, D. C. under guard.
When he arrives he will be placed under
arrest and held to answer before a court
martial to the charge of conduct -unbecoming
a gentleman and an officer.
DECREASE IN WHEAT ACREAGE
Department of Agriculture Also Re
ports on Condition of Crops.
WASHINGTON, Dec 10. The crop re
port issued today by the Department of
Returns to the Chief of the Bureau of
Statistics of the Department of Agricul
ture indicate that the newly-seeded area
of Winter wheat Is about 31.155,000 acres,
a decrease of 1.6 per cent from the area
sown In the Fall of 1W3. as finally esti
mated. The condition of Winter wheat on
December 1 was S2.9, as compared with
6.6 In 1903, 99.8 in 1902, and a 10-year aver
age of 92.1. The acreage as compared with
last year Is SS.4 per cent. The newly
seeded area of Winter rye is provisionally
estimated at 9C.T per cent of the area sown
In the. Fall of 1903. The condition of Win
ter rye on December 1 was 90.6, as com
pared with $2.7 on December 1. 1903. 9S.1
at the correspondlng date In 1902, and 96.2
the mean of -the December averages of the
last ten years.
The percentage of acreage sown to Win
ter rye this Fall as compared with that
Kntm last vpar is S6.7. the averaire eondt-
! tlon December 1, UKM. was 90.5. Cor
responding averages for 1903 and 1902 were
92.7 and 9S.1. respectively, and the mean of
the December average of the last ten
The final estimates of the total acreage
production and farm values of the. prin
cipal crops for 1904 will be Issued on De
cember 28 at 4 o'clock P. M.
XRUGER'S BODY AT PRETORIA
j Imposing Ceremony Attends Remov
al of Casket From Train.
PRETORIA. Dec 10. The funeral train
bearing the remains of Ex-President of
the Transvaal Republic Kruger arrived
here this afternoon and an Imposing
ceremony attetnded the removal of the
i casket from the train to the hall, where
j the body will He In state. The hearse.
I which had been specially constructed for
j the occasion, was escorted by an unl
i formed bodyguard composed of former
members of the Boer artillery and police.
Preceding the cortege were Generals
Botha. Smuts, Delarey, Dewet and other
Pope to Receive Bishops All at Once.
ROME, Dec 10. The foreign bishops
now in Rome are so numerous that Jt
would take weeks for the pope to receive
them singly, and he has decided to give
them a collective audience Monday, ex
cept those having personal or ilmportant
matters to dilcusswltn'thc. pontiff
FUG OF - TRUCE
Portland ClubWar Rests
GAME OF LEGAL CHECKERS
Triaf of Special-Deputy Wise
- Does Not Come. Off.
GORMAN SHOWS HIS WOUNDS
Judge McGinn Gets Busy With Writ
of Habeas Corpus, While Cham
pions Gather in Lists at
Justice Reid's Court.
Proprietor of the Portland Club,
through their attorneys. Mendenhall and
Spencer, and the Sheriff's office, through
Its attorney. Henry E. McGinn, playedva
game Of legal checkers yesterday.-'and
now both sides will rest on their arms un
til Monday. The trial of Special Deputy
Wise, which was first set for 9:30 and
later changed to 2 o'clock did not come
off at all. William Gorman, who .was ar
rested and charged with burglary by Dep
uty Morden. appeared before Justice of
the Peace William Reld, while the Justice
was waiting for Wise to appear, and
swore to complaints, charging Deputies
Morden. Cordano and Holllngsworth with
assault and battery, alleging he was bat
tered and beaten by the county officials.
While Attorneys Mendenhall and Spen
cer were busy preparing the legal paper3
in the Gorman case. Judge McGinn was
also busy. He had obtained earlier In the
day copies of the complaints charging
Morden and Wise with assault and bat
ters', trespass and other offenses, for the
purpose ot petitioning the Clccult Court
for writs of habeas corpus. Just as ne
had about completed his labors, he learned
c-f the additional warrants which had been
sworn out. Judge McGinn hurried Chief
Deputy Morden down to Justice Reld'j
Court for copies of the new complaints.
There was no attempt to serve any of the
warrants on Morden, although Attorney
Spencer, when he saw Deputy Morden
present, -ald to the clerk: "Appoint nie
as a special officer, and let mc sc-ve the
warrant on Morden." The clerk grinned,
and Deputy Morden also smiled broadly.
Crowd of Legal Lig'it3.
All the time Justice Reld, Attorneys
Mendenhall and Spencer, the Grants. Nftto
Solomon, Pat Powers J. A. Morris and" a
large sprinkling of Portland's sporting
gentry waited about the Justice Court for
the case to begin. District Attorney John
Manning was also present. Mr. Manning
was requested to -sign the complaints
w,hich had been sworn to hy Gorman, l)ut
he refused to, because it was not necessary-
Attorney Mendenhall found, by
delving deep into the law on the case, that
the only thing the District Attorney had
to do in such a case was to attend to the
prosecution when the time came.
It was almost 4 o'clock when the attor
neys for the prosecution made up their
minds that Judge McGinn was not going
to appear. Attorney Spencer in the mean
time had drawn up a bench warrant,
which was to be served on Special Deputy
Wise. The Sheriffs office was advised ot
the purposed action. Judge McGinn's at
tention was also called to the existence
of the bench warrant by telephone, and
after a brief talk with Justice Rejd, Judge'
McGinn accepted service, and a record
was made In the Justice Court docket.
Case Taken From Justice Court.
The determination to accept service In
all of the cases against the employes of
the Sheriffs office was resolved upon by
Judge McGinn in order to take the cases,
at least temporarily, out of the Justice
Court and place them before the Circuit
Court. In his petition to Judge George,
Judge McGinn sets forth that the action
of the proprietors of the Portland Club is
taken to harrass the Sheriff's office in the
performance of Its duties. The petition
also sets forth that some time In Novem
ber the Sheriff learned that the Portland
Club was secretly running gambling
games, but that on December 4 the pro
prietors, openly conducted gambling, and
for that reason were arrested and the
house taken in charge by the Sheriff.
Judge George Grants Petition.
The petition for habeas corpus was
presented to Judge George at S o'clock
last night. Judge George granted the pe
tition, which Is returnable at 2 o'clock
The attorneys for the Portland Club
were exceedingly wrought up by the re
fusal of Judge McGinn to appear In the
Justice Court, and were In the act of de
termining upon the proper person to serve
the bench warrant on Wise when the mes
sage mentioned was received from Judge
McGinn. They had decided that cither
Coroner J. P. Finley or Chief Hunt should
be called upon to serve the paper. Cor
oner Finley was out when called by tele
phone, and the attorneys were about to
appeal to the Chief of Police when Judge
McGinn's message' came.
Gorman Shows His Wounds.
Peter Grant insisted that District At
torney Manning and Justice Reld hear
William Gorman's account of the alleged
assault upon him while in Grant's office.
-Gorman exhibited his swollen lips and the
patch on his neck, which a doctor had
treated. His neck, he stated to Mr. Man
ning, was so stiff that he could not twist
it, and he said that he was suffering from
bruises about his abdomen. Mr. Manning
noted Gorman's wounds, and asked If he,
Gorman, had resisted the deputies, but
made no comment. This was left to Peter
Grant, who expressed himself In emphatic
language his opinion of the three officials
who had arrested Gorman.
Trouble Narrowly Averted.
The fact that Judge McGinn accepted
services in all of the cases against Mor
den and the rest of the deputies is re
garded by Attorneys Mendenhall and
Spencer as a victory for their clients. On
the other hand, it Is regarded as a simple
indication that Judge McGinn is not
alarmed, as to the outcome of the cases.
On thestatements of Chief Deputy Mor
den and his deputies, that under no con
dition would they submit to arrest, the
Portland Club attorneys expected trouble.
For a time, even whjle Morden was In
Justice Reid's Court, copying the com
plaints, the air was charged with excite
ment. . , . . . ... t
Had an attempt been made to arrest
(Morden, undoubtedly there would have
been trouble. It was also learned that
the deputies Jn charge of the Portland
Club premises had been instructed to re
tain possession of the property even at the
cost of human life if necessary. Perhaps
there would have been bloodshed had an
attempt been made to arrest Wise on a
FLESHMAN IS ARRESTED.
Employe of Warwick Poolroom Taken
J. N. . Flcshman, the only employe of the
Warwick poolroom In the city, last night
gave hjmsclf up to Chief Deputy Mordcn.
Fleshman was indicted along with the
other e'mployes of the Warwick. He read
the account of his Indictment In The Ore
gonlan and yesterday afternoon, while
Morden was at Justice Reid's court, he in
quired ot Morden whether there was a
warrant for his arrest. Deputy Morden
stated that at that time no warrant had
been placed in his hands. Flcshman
scented an- arrevst late last night and a
Sunday in jail, so lie had a bondsman on
Late yesterday afternoon Flcshman re
ceived word from the Sheriffs office that
Tie was wanted, and with his bondsman
he appeared at the jail. Wlien a cash
bond was demanded. Judge Gcorgp was
appealed to and ordered Fleshmah re
leased on his own recognizance and to
appear In court on Monday. Flcshman
was happy at'Jils release., but highly In
dignant at the action of the Sheriffs
SNOW FALLING IN NEW YORK
High Wjnd Accompanies Storm
Which Begins Early in the Day.
NEW YORK. Dec 10. A snow storm,
nccompanled by a high wind, descended
upon New York early today and still con
tinues. Nearly two inches has fajen.
Traffic In the city has not been seriously
Impeded, but craft of all kinds have been
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER
TODAY'S Rain; southerly winds, probably in-
creasing In force to brisk.
TESTBRDAVS Maximum temperature, 48
dep.; minimum. 38. Precipitation. 0.14 Inch.
Japanese cruiser strikes mine at Port Ar
thur and Is lost with 30 mn. Pasc 3.
Severe skirmishes on the Shahkr. In which
the Russians were defeated. Pace 3.
Captain Clado Is arrested for criticising the
Admiralty. Page 3.
Victor" of Premier Combes means separation
of church and state In France. Page 3.
New Cabinet is formed In Servla. and only
regicide is given office. Pace 3.
Prominent Russian officials resign when Czar
declares he will stand by new Minister
of the Interior. Page 3.
Leading financial writer declares Lawson
led his own Iambs to slaughter in stock
market raid. Page 1.
Southern states are flooding Roosevelt with
Invitations to visit them. Page 1.
Ill-will of Hitchcock toward Hermann la.
responsible for his singling out Oregon
land fraud cases. Page 1.
-Securities held by Reynolds are opened and
pronounced worthless. Page
Kama of Carnegie, was apparently forged to
papers, reprentlhg,3S)d Page 2.
Text o'trjtf ajrwsxfleht. to Whlob name ot
Curncfe la signed. Page
Mrs. - Chadwlck wlU now probably fight
against returning to Ohio. Page 2.
Officers want to locate Dr. Chadwlck. as
It is said checks for I50.OOO, 'which he
gave Newton, were not honored by bank.
Whitman County farmer receives small for
tune ton his wheat crop. Page C".
San Francisco woman drowns herself at eea
from the steamer Geo. W. Elder. Page 0.
Four aspirants in Washington for office of
Fish Commissioner. Page 0.
Fossil, Z to 1. wins Family Cup handicap at
Oakland. Page li.
Los Angeles defeats Tacoma. 3-1. Page 14.
Multnomah Club defeats Willamette TJnl-
vorslty 6 to 0. Page 24.
Junior Columbia eleven the champions of
Portland. Page 24.
Indoor baseball season opens. Page 24.
Portlanders defeat sailors at association
football. Page 24.
Commercial and Morlue.
Hop market holds Its own. despite dullness.
Chicago wheat, after a weak session, closes
steady. Page 15.
Stocks recover most of their loss. Page 15.
New York bank statement shows heavy de
crease In loans. Page 13.
San Francisco cured fruit trade dull. Iage
Chinese crew for Minnesota under guard at
Victoria. Page 13.
Features and Departments."
Editorial. Page 4. ' -
Church announcements. Pace 2.1.
Classified advertisements, rage 20-20.
Mrs. Maybtick's Own Story. Page 37.
Russia's mad war party. Page 34.
Among holiday toys In Portland shops. Tage
How whisky worked the ruin of an Oregon
Indian chief. Page 33.
I.ato -honors to Jason Lee, pioneer mission
ary. Page 33.
Henry Clews, veteran Wall-street broker,
talks shop. Page 34.
Down the raging Rogue In a rowboat. Page
The Simple Life. Page 43.
Peck's Bad Boy. page 30. .
Opportunities for young women. Page 36.
Jottings of old Llm Jucklln. Page 32.
Cartoons. Page 41. , .
Social. Page 20:
Dramatic. Pages IS-19.
Musical. Page 21.
Household and fashion. Pages 38-30.
Youths' department. Page 42.
Portland and Vicinity.
Breyman files motion to set aside Indictment
returned against him. Page 11.
Educational department of Lewis and Clark
Fair is reconstructed. Page 10. ,
Guy Huff, defendant In land fraud case, ar
rested a"nd spends night In Jail. Page 10.
Judge George informs the grand Jury that
It Is to seek advice from the District At-
I torney. Page 12.
Proprietors of Portland Club engage In game
ot legal checkers with deputies. Page 1.
Examination ot Morrison-street bridge be
gins this week. Page ic.
Bids for construction of portage road to be
asked for. Page 12.
T. B. Wilcox Is elected president ot. Arling
ton Club. Pag 13.
Police raid opium den and arrest white
man and girl. Page 13. '
Two Igorrotes ylslt Portland: colony of na
tives coming to the Exposition, Page 12.
Police have a busy. week. PAgi 13.
Visitors to Exporltlon ca,n follow trail ot
... TftSSnA Q'"llk3001Lessbynake-,and
Columbia Rivers. 'Page 10.
UE TO ILL WILL
Why Hitchcock ' Sees
Only Oregon Frauds.
HERMANN MAN HE WANTS
Secretary Is Determined to
CROOKED WORK ELSEWHERE
Information of Great Steals in Colo
rado and Montana Has Long
, Been in Possession of the
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Dec 10. To clear away-all doubt
as$o why Oregon Is belng held up before
thejountry as the hotbedj pfa"pd thieves,
while similar and undoubtedly greater
frauds In other states ar'efielng over
looked; this statement, confirmed by an
official familiar with the inside facts, Is
made. The campaign against land-fraud
operators was initiated by Secretary
Hitchcock, and has been carried on en
tirely under his direction. So anxious has
he been to get all the credit for any con
victions that may be secured that he has
not allowed land officials to co-operate
with him. either in running down fraud or
gathering evidence, but has kept every
thing In his own hands, at all times per-
jsonallyjdlrecting his own Inspectors.
with the campaign now In progress. Several
years ago Secretary Hitchcock began to
show hostility toward BIngcr Hermann,
then Commissioner of the General Land
Office, having early conceived the Idea
that Hermann was conspiring with specu
lators on the Pacific Coast to defraud the
Government out of large areas of public
lands. It was largely because of this fric
tion that Hermann eventually resigned
the Commlsslonershlp. Ever since- he
forced Hermann out ot office, Hitchcock
has concentrated his Inspectors on the Pa
clfic Coast, mostly in Oregon, giving them
Instructions to bring to light the frauds
which-her had reason to believe were being
perpetrated. Every Investigation which
has been conducted by Hitchcock's inspec
tors, while ostensibly aimed at securing
the conviction of men like Puter and Mc-
Kinley,. has really been directed to bring
Ih aHermann's name In some manner, and
hy-insinuatlon, at. least,. make it appear
that he was a party to the frauds.
There Is high authority for the state
ment that Secretary Hitchcock's chief aim
and hopo in the prosecution of land frauds
Is to be able to confirm his suspicion in
regard to ex-Land Commissioner Her
mann, and he Is still persistently working
to attain that end. The Secretary is con
fident he will be vindicated, and It is be
cause of his Intense desire to accomplish
this, his highest purpose, that he has con
sented to overlook frauds which he has
been Informed were perpetrated in Mon
tana and Colorado, for example, in order
that he might bring his entire Influence to
4ear in Oregon.
It will be recalled even in the Benson-Hyde-Diamond-Schneider
cases that Her
mann's name was frequently mentioned
before the grand jury which indicted the
land ring in this city a year ago. It is
known that Secretary Hitchcock desires
to connect Hermann with the operations
of the San Francisco ring, as well as with
operations solely In Oregon. Were it not
for Secretary Hitchcock's extreme hatred
of Hermann, laud-fraud Investigations
would be under way In all Western States,
and not confined to Oregon. There was,
at the time the land frauds were first in
vestigated, as much evidence of fraud In
other states as in Oregon, but for the rea
sons stated Oregon has for fully two
years been held up before the country
and widely advertised as the center of
Other states have so far escaped, not
because of any Influence they or their citi
zens have brought to bear, but because
Secretary Hitchcock is looking for "big
game," as he says. In Oregon.
TO RUSH LAND-FRAUD CASES
Nation Asks Appeals of Hyde, Benson
and Dimond Be Heard Soon.
OREGONIAN NEWTS BUREAU. Wash
ington. Dec. 10. Solicitor-General
Hoyt, 'on hehair of the Government,
today filed a motion asking the Su
preme Court to advance for hearing" the
appeal taken by Frederick. A. Hyde and
Henry P. Dimond from the decision of
Judge Morrow, of San Francisco, who
directed that they be brought to
Washington for trial on indictments
for conspiracy to defraud the Govern
ment out of large tracts of public
lands. In his petition the Solicitor
General states that the appeals A?ere
"taken for purposes of delay and to
prevent the appellants from being re
moved to the District of Columbia for
A similar motion was also filed in
regard to thcappeal of John A. Benson,
also alleged to be a member of the
Sail Francisco land ring; who was ar
rested in New York on a Washington
indictment charging him with bribing
officials in the General Land Office.
Benson Is out on $10,000 bail and
trying to escape trial In Washington.
. The Solicitor-General expects to be
given a hearing Monday In support of
his motion, and if the court advances
the cases there Is every prospect that
the famous San Francisco land ring
wlU be placed on trial In this city dur
ing the present Winter.
Postmaster at Blaine.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, Dec. 11. Representative Humphrey
today recommended the appointment of
George C Pruncr for Postmaster at
LONGj HARD TRIP OF SCHOONER
CoquIHe'Back Tn San Francisco After
Being Out 50 Days.
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 10. Fifty
days ago today the schooner Coqulllc,
Captain H. C. Spring, left this port for
Coqullle. and yesterday she put back,
without having made land since the be
ginning of her long trip. Stress of
weather, threatened mutiny and a.
shortage of water and provisions made
up her story. Sailing from here on
October 22 in ballast for Coqulllc, the
schooner went along for a few days
under a fair wind and was then over
taken by a succession of southeast
gales that hurled her along through the
seas far past her port of destination.
The gales took the schooner to a
point Oft Coqullle by November 1, but
Captain Spring decided that it would
be suicidal to try to make the landing.
The crew thought differently and they
became mutinous, when he gave orders'
to steer to the northward. The men
were afraid of running out of water,
for only half a barrel remained. Cap
tain Spring reassured them and the
Coqullle was sent ahead of the gales,
always beating to the northward, past
tho mouth of the Columbia, where the
crew wanted to put In. and as far as
the latitude of Gray's Harbor.
Then the stiff gales gave the schoon
er a surcease of trouble. She was
headed back for Coqullle, and on the
way spoke the steamer Whlttler.
bound hence for Astoria. At that time
the crew was living on crackers, beans
and coffee, with only a small quantity
of water left in the dirty barrel. The
Whlttler supplied flour.--sugar, potatoes
and other provlsionisajand the captain
decided to make another effort to reach
Coqullle. He appeared oft that port
on December 2. flying the flag at half
mast as a signal of distress, but no as
sistance was sent out to him, though
he was lying within 200 or 300 yards
of the. beach. W-hen he saw that as
sistance was withheld he steered a
course for this port.
HOW NOTED HORSE COUNTS.
Secret of "Hans'" Replies in His
Powers of Observation.
BERLIN, Dec. 10. Dr. Carl Stumpf,
professor of 'psychology at the Uni
versity of Berlin and a member of the
Royal Academy of Science, and two
colleagues, Dr. C. von Hornbostei and
Dr. O. Pfungst, have ended months of
experiments with Von Osten's horse,
Hans. They find that the secr: of" the
animal's replies is in his powers of ob
servation, which enable'him to perceive
while he looks at his questioner the
instant he has reached a correct an
swer. Thus they found the horse was
unable to tap out a correct answer to
a question when the person putting it
did not know it, for example, how many
persons are in the group behind mo?
The questioner did not look behind and
Hans did not give a correct reply, nor
was he able when wearing blinkers to
perform the simplest, c'du'ntlng:
Stumpf does not doubt the good faith
of Von Osten. but he concluded that
the horse's long training had taught
him to detect the eyesight changes in
the bearing of his questioner as he
reached the right number of hoof-beats
in spelling or in using the countingap
paratus. This sharpness of observation in
Itself Is most ramarkable, as the'horse
notes movements or changes In. ex
pression invisible to others and . of
which the questioner is unconscious.
This conception of the horse's abilities
is the only one to cover all circum
stances. Dr. Stumpf says he talked
with the naturalist, Schillings, about
this and Schillings agreed with him.
REMOVED BY PRESIDENT.
Judge Baker, of New Mexico, Neither
Vigorous nor Strict Enough.
WASHINGTON. Dec 10. Judge B. S.
Baker, of New Mexico, has been removed
by the President as the result of a series
of complaints filed with the President
regarding affairs In Berriardillo County.
The President decided that a more vig
orous and strict Judge was needed to
remedy the evils complained of. The fol
lowing official statement of the case was
given at the Department of Justice to
day: The President has removed from office
Judge B. S. Baker, of New Mexico. Nu
merous complaints were presented, and
thorough investigation was made by the
Department of Justice.
"It was found that In Bernardlllo Coun
ty, In which Albuquerque is situated, po
litical and official affairs are in a' bad
condition; that improper Jury Commis
sioners were being appointed; that the
selection of jurors was tampered with,
the Sunday law was not enforced against
gambling and saloons, and that Judge Ba
ker was not doing what a Judge should do
to remedy the evils.
"It was considered that a more vigor
ous and strict Judge was Imperatively
needed In his place.
"It was for these reasons that a change
In the Judgeship was concluded upon and
not because Judge Baker was deemed dis
honest or corrupt. Judge Baker was
fully examined and his statements taken
down for tho Information ot the Presi
dent, but so far as the reasons for his
removal are concerned, his explanations
were not deemed sufficient to prevent a
change of Judges."
SCHOOL TO TEACH SOCIALISM I
New York Section of Party Inspired)
by Big Vote Given Debs.
NEW YORK. Dec. 10. Inspired by the
National vote of' 600,000 for Debs at the
last election, the New York section of the
Socialist party Issued a statement t?day
to the effect that It has laid plans for
establishing a :hool of socialism. A
iboard of Instructors has been appoIiUe-1.
consisting of Morris Hllquist. Algernon
Lee, Henry L. Slobodin and John bparge.
The school term is to extend from the
first week In January to the last wee'., in
May. and there will be one lesson- each
week, or 21 lessons- In all. There will be
five courses, beginning with a course on
the history of socialism, and endlrg with
"the future state."
MISS NEWLANDS TO WED.
Daughter of Nevada Senator Is En
gaged to German Lieutenant.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 10. Senator New
lands, of Nevada, today announced the
engagement of his youngest daughter.
Frances, to Lieutenant Leopold von Brc
dow. of the German army. Lieutenant
von Bredow is an officer of the Cuirassier
Regiment of tho Guard, stationed at Ber
lin. -He was an attache of the German
Embassy at Washington during 1903.:
South Is Anxious to
INVITATIONS POURING IN
Many-Cities Send . Delegates
to' Speak For Them.
BACON IS MUCH INTERESTED
Georgia Senator Has It Figured Out
President Will Be His Guest .One
Night Vardaman in a Class
WASHINGTON. Dec. . 10. (Special.)
Since the publication of the news of' the
fixed purpose of President Roosevelt to
visit the South In the Spring, enough, in
vitations from the states of the-. South
have been received at .the White House to
make it seem that the doors of all the
Southern homes have swung inward and
the heads of homes are standing outside
with a welcome ready. The South has
not been content with sending letters of
invitation. It Is sending dally delegations
of citizens, and. the newspapers are writ
ing "please-come" editorials.
Senator Augustus Octavus Bacon, ol
Georgia, whose name one likes to write ir
full, is the dlrector-in-chlef of all the
Georgian invitation parties. Senator Ba
con Is so afraid the President will change
his mind about his Southern journeying
that he la a constant visitor at the White
House with a stock of new reasons tc
advance why the jaunt southward would
be the best thing In the world for the
North, for the South, for President Roose-.
velt, and for the State of Georgia in par
Senator Bacon is so worried about a
mistaken . newspaper report touching s
carriage drive that the President Intends
to take In the South that he sent half a
dozen telegrams and consulted severa.
county maps to collect evidence that I;
the President took the drive he must per
force remainover night as the guest o.
the Georgfa. Senator at his home. Th
report was to the effect that If the Presi
dent took the contempltaed drive, whlct
was to Senator Bacon's home, he could
return to his starting point the same day
Senator Bacon was worried for fear the
people would think he, did not-. want thf
President to' stay over night with- him
and so he has proved that If the drive be
taken Mr. Roosevelt cannot possibly re
turn the same day, and must be enter
tained at the Georgian's residence, where
he will ba given an, example of the
warmth of true Southern hospitality.
Before another week passes It may ap
pear that the Governor of Mississippi Is
the only man In the South who has not
asked Theodore Roosevelt to stop over
night under his roof.
HOLDS ROOSEVELT ERRED.
Ex-M!nister White Blames -Him for
Having Mercy Shown Criminal.
NEW YORK, Dec. 10. "Much as I ad
mire President Roosevelt as a true man.
we have seen today the sorry example of
the mistake a strong man can make. The
President was appealed to by a colored
Baptist minister to save the latter' son
saved from the gallows- for the murder of
a farmer In Canada. The President lis
tened to (the appeal, and has succeed in
securing a commutation of sentence. I do
not admire the President for that."
This statement was made today by An
drew D. White, ex-United States Ambas
sador to Germany, in the course of an ad
dress on "Evolution vs. Revolution In Pol
itics." before the League for Political
Mr. White had declared that high crime
Is more frequent In this country than
anywhere else In the world, save Sicily,
and that there is a widespread supersti
tion here that It is the duty of the people
to protect criminals.
It was calling attention to wnat h
termed this mistaken leniency that the ex
Ambassador referred to the President as
"Crime is crime." said Mr. White, "and
It Is our duty to make Its prosecution more
speedy and less Intricate. We should
stand together to exterminate criminals."
Present American methods-, MfT White
declared, are leading to catastrophes and
filling lunatic asylums- and poor-houses.
He predicted that, it better methods are
not adopted, Anglo-Saxons will die out
and be succeeded . by a cruder race of
Gould Will Extend Western Pacific
to the Coast.
NEW YORK. Dec. 10. Arrangements
for the definite extension of the Gould
system from ocean to ocean were com
pleted today, when E. T. Jeffrey, presi
dent of the Denver Sc. Rio Grande Rail
way, was elected vice-president of the
Western Pacific Railway, at a meeting of
the directorate of that road in thla clt.
After the meeting. President W. J. Bar
nett. of the Western Pacific, stated that
arrangements were being made to let im
mediate contracts for the construction of
the Western Pacific Railroad from Salt
Lake to San Francisco. He said that In
a short time construction forces will be
placed In the field. The Western Pacific
Railway has a capital of $50,000,000.
CROWN PRINCE TO WED IN MAY
Son of Kaiser and Duchess Cecilia
Definitely Fix the Time.
BERLIN. Dec. 10. The wedding of
Crown Prince Frederick William and the
Duchess Cecilia of Mecklonbere-SehTvr!n
hn3 been definitely fixed for the latter
half of May. fc.mpcror IIUam Intends to
cruise In the 'Mediterranean In the Spring
and ' return to Germany In time for the
wedding. - - -