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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
PAGES 1 TO 3
PORTLAND, OREGON, SuXDAY MORNING, X'IQrBER 27, 1904.
VOL. XXIII. 2vf0. 48.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
FIRING ON FORT
Japanese Begin Attack
- on Port Arthur.
FIGHTING 18 DESPERATE
Two Generals Make Heroic
Charge on Defenders,
Tokfo Has Reports That the Final
Assault. She Ordered Is in Prog
reJWt' the Result Has
'"VNo't Been Learned.
TOKIO, Nov. 27. 11 A. M. The general
attack on Port Arthur is progressing,
but the results are unknown. Generals
Nakamura and Saito, leading specially
trained bodies of swordsmen, charged into
the Russian forts and engaged the Rus
sians in a hand-to-hand and bloody en
counter. The result of the charges has
not boen. learned.
(The Associated Press yesterday stated
It had received advices that Tokio had or
dered a final assault .on Port Arthur.)
DEFEAT JAPANESE STRATEGY.
Russians Make Winter Campaign
MUKDEN, Nov. 25, via Pekin, Nov. 26.
The lapse of six -weeks without fighting on
any large acale, confirming the belief that
the opposing armies have relaxed their
efforts for the Winter, together with the
unexpected demonstration of force which
the Russians have been able to make since
the depletion of their army as the result
of the fighting on the Shakhe River, em
phasizes conclusively the failure of the
Japanese to prevent the assembly of a
large Russian army in Manchuria before
Spring, thus defeating1 the strategy of the
Japanese and their most plausible plans
for the early occupation of Manchuria.
The .outcome, taken in connection with
the- general situation,. appears-to guaran
tee the prediction that with the opening
of Spring there will begin a contest more
terrible than any yet, and points to the
termination pf the war in the next cam
paign. It is still possible that there will
be a general attack during the "Winter,
but the weather is now broken and un
certain, and seemingly- renders it Impos
sible for tho troops of either army to
abandon their present shelters.
Gradual alterations have taken place
in the different departments of the Rus
sian army since the abolition of the vice
royalty, as AlexiefTs partisans have re
turned to Europe with him.
Operations Most Daring.
The hostilities are now characterized by
individuals as of a most daring and dan
gerous character. One outcome of the
close relations between the Japanese and
Russians along the Shakhe River has
been the occasional blowing up of houses
by the opposing outposts and the sniping
of their occupant.
The Chinese authorities have taken pre
liminary steps to bring, grain from the
north and to store it up for the use of
the starving farmers and villagers. This
action was brought about by the destitu
tion which is prevalent for some 20 miles
behind the Russian army, which is com
mandeering all grain and other food eup
plles, and' also because of the fear that
the array will move- north again. The
Russians will not allow grain to pass
their lines from the Sungar basin, which
is the main dependence of tho Inhabitants
throughout the area devastated by the
Emmigration Has Set In.
Emigration from Central Manchuria has
set In, and the people are retiring from
tho area occupied by the armies to tho
mountains in the east and alto to Sln
jnlntin and other neutral sections. Ex
cept for the trops, the depopulation along
the Russian position seems to be complete
and the villages are being rapidly oblit
erated. Russian speculators are confident
that the army will hold its own, and are
storing straw and other supplies with a
view to the coming of a time when high
er prices can be obtained. As has been
tho case in all wars, there Is wide com
plaint that speculators and army con
tractors are fleecing the government, and
Russians arc freely pronouncing them as
the particular curse of their country.
BRITAIN IRRITATES JAPAN.
Diplomats Contend Coal Is Being Too
Freely Supplied to Russians.
LONDON. Nov. 26. Baron Suyematsu.
son-in-law of Marquis Ito, president of
the Japanese Privy Council, whose com
ment was fully indorsed by Baron Hay
ash!, the Japanese Consul, discussing the
irritation of Japan at the continued sup
ply of British coal to vessels of the Rus
sian second Pacific squadron, said today:
"We feel strongly that Europe in gen
oral is assisting Russia in a way we
never contemplated. Even in England
individuals are rendering much indirect
assistance. Although 1 do not think that
the Japanese are unduly nervous regard
ing the effect of the arrival of the Rus
sian squadron in the Far East, it would
never have been able to put to sea but
for the assistance of subjects of neutral
states, in some cases more or less offi
cially connived at. Without English coal
the Russian squadron could not have
gone far, and it is my belief that when
contraband trade Is being carried on in
such a wholesale fashion, the, govern
ments concerned .should take steps to
prevent a continuance of action preju
dicial to another nation, especially when
that nation happens to be an alls. There
is all the greater necessity for this when
the action is prejudicial to the interests
of both nations.
"The -value of the alliance to both
Japan and Great Britain Is undeniable,
and therefore it is the bounden duty of
both to do everything possible to cement,
even to the extent of inventing means for
doing so, when they do not already exist."
SEIZURE OF SHIP LEGAL.
Russian Court Passes on Case of Brit
ST. PETERSBURG. Nov. 26. The su
preme court today confirmed the legality
of the seizure of the British pteamer
Cheltenham and her cargo, captured by
the Russians and taken to Vladivostok
early In July.
Vice-Admiral Avellan, head of the Rus
sian Admiralty Department, presided over
the deliberations of the prize court.
Other members of the court were Profes
sor De Martens, professor of International
law at the- University of St. Petersburg,
and Admiral Kaznakoff.
Counsel for the owners of the Chelten
ham said the question of contraband was
a complicated one, and asked that a com
mission be appointed, to ascertain the
weight and bulk of the respective por
tions of the cargo, which consisted of
67,500 sleepers and 375 cases of beer. The
,wood. they asserted, was not necessarily
intended for war purposes, and it was
pointed out that the portion of tho cargo
that was of a contraband nature must
exceed that that was not contraband.
Somewhat of a sensation occurred at the
opening of the case, when the official
statement of facts was read. It was as
serted that the Captain of the Chelten
ham Informed a Russian Lieutenant that
he was under instructions from the own
ers of the vessel to hold himself at the
disposal of the Japanese government.
The court deliberated for only a few min
utes, and then said it could find no rea
son for the appointment of a commis
sioner. Traverse Fishing Ground.
LONDON. Nov. 26. Skippers of
steam herring boats arriving at Lowe
stoft report that the second division
of the Russian sejeond Pacific squadron
traversed the fishing grounds IS miles
from Lowestoft at about midnight. The
warships used their searchlights, sig
naled each other continuously and
steamed southward at a good speed.
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER
TO DAT S Rain; brisk to high susty -winds.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 52
dec; minimum. 48. Precipitation, none.
The southwest storm that gives indications
of becoming' violent broke over the coast
shortly before midnight. At Astoria tho
wind has attained a velocity of C5 miles.
and a falling barometer promises heavy
Features and Departments.
Editorial. Page 4.
Church announcements. Page 25.
Classified advertisements. Pagea 25-29.
"The Simple Life," by Rev. Charles Wagner.
Rider Haggard as a Spiritualist. Page 33.
Oregon Camera Club's exhibit. Page 32.
Today's opportunities for young women. Pago
Sir Hiram Maxim arraigns Christian nations.
Page 37. J
Mr. rJooleys letter. Page. 42. " .
The Bub-Tackle,'1 by Hugh Herdman. PageSS.
Cartoons. Page 39.
Jottings of Old Llm Jucklln. Page 37.
Peck's bad boy abroad. Page 33.
Modern, railroading in England. Page 42.
I. Zangwlll talks of a Jewish state. Page 34.
Social. Page 20-21.
Musical. Page 19.
lramatlc Page IS.
Household and fashion. Pages 30-37.
Youths' department. Page 40.
Japanese arc making final assault on Port
Arthur. Page 1.
Russians at Mukden have defeated Japanese
strategy, and a Winter campaign Is now
very Improbable. Pago 1.
Russian court finds the seizure of the Brit
ish ship Cheltenham was legal. Page 1.
Wagon "road company's attitude may cause
the abandonment of the Malheur irriga
tion project. Page 1.
Illnefs of juror causes adjournment of the
Nan Patterson trial. Page 14.
Letson Balllet. Oregon mining promoter, is
sentenced to three months in Jail and
fined $300. Page 2.
Roosevelt at St. Louis Talr.
President makes a hurried inspection of the
principal buildings, and is everywhere re
ceived with cheers. Page 1.
President declares any man who grudges a
dollar spent on the exposition Is not far
Many foreign countries make gifts to the
President. Page 2.
Presidential party is early astir, but people
have already surrounded the train. Page 2.
Farmhand tries to be a sport and Is con
victed of felony in Washington. Page 0.
Yamhill County prohibition election declared
Illegal by County " Court. Page 0.
.Oregon-Idaho Y. M. C A. Convention elects
officers for ensuing year. Page 7.
Big Bend Bank was given every chance to
get into shape financially. Page 6.
Judge McCreedie discusses his purchase of
Portland's baseball franchise. Page 23.
Portland plays a brilliant game, but loses
to Tacoma. Page 23.
All-college team for the Pacific Northwest.
Valley sportsmen aroused at slaughter of
upland birds by game hogs. Page 23.
Gardner will giro Brltt a hard battle.
Sporting review of the week. Page 23.
Army eleven dofeats Navy, 11-0; Carlisle de
feats Haskell. 38-4. Page 14.
Commercial and Marine.
Coming Argentine crop is leading factor In
wheat market. Pago 15.'
Chicago wheat opens lower on Argentine ad
vices. Page 13.
Improvement in California prune market.
New York bank statement shows contrac
tion in leading items. Page 15.
Steel again leader of stock market. 'Page 15.
Dismasted brig Spreckcls towed to San
Francisco. Page 12.
Barkentine Quickstep, from Puget Sound,
is abandoned at sea; crew reaches San
Francisco. Page 12.
Portland and Vicinity.
Exposition officials overwhelmed by appli
cations for exhibit space. Page 9.
National Association of State Dairy and
Food Departments to meet in Portland
next year. Page 13.
Sensational testimony given in famous land
fraud trial. Page 1.
II. R, Martin says he was held up and
robbed; police suspect attempted suicide.
Experts will report on city bridges. Page 16.
Multnomah Legislators will not meet with
charter board. Page 10.
P. L. "Willis proposes civil service amend
ments. Page 10: 0-
Bulldlng actlvltytfn Portland's business dls
trlct. Page ' 22.
Mrs. Woodcock returns with "Roienftlt"
sag. Page 21.
POOR AND ALON
Emma Porter So Said to
Be in Forged Paper.
NEW POINTS IN LAND CASE
Intimate Relations of Defend
ants Clearly Shown,
STARTLING TALES ARE TOLD
Attorneys for the Prosecution Drive
Damaging Facts at Jury, While
Defendants Cringe in Mental
Agony and Anxiety.
The wages of sin; the dew of honest
toil; -a woman's shamo and the slimy
skeletons of lies uncovered and unearthed;
these, all these, arc synonymous terms
with the land-fraud trials.
Poor Emma Porterl The honest, indus
trious and impoverished worklng-glrl.
struggling amid the snows of the moun
tains to support her widowed mother and
orphaned sister: tolling through the rude
ness of the railroad camps and In tho din
of the mills, or drudging in the kitchen of
wealth to bring bread to tho lonely cabin
under the shadows of the primeval pines.
Most unwelcome fate!
Unhappy Maud Witt! Unprotected in.
her youth, and alone. Seeking by priva
tion and hardship and struggle to wrest
from the barren mountain and the gloomy
forest meager sustenance.
Untutored Frank Walsramot: snowbound
trapper and underpaid farmhand,
lessly striving to make for himself a home
that down the vista of the years he might
see a cheerful fireside and a loving greet
ing where now all was silent and cold and
But better that than the other. Better
the cold and the poverty and the struggle
than the paying of the wage. The merci
less arraignment tore the cloak from
around the lives of the defendants, Puter
and Watson, at the trial yesterday, and
left them naked and shrinking in the eyes
of the court and the Jury.
The day was a tense one for jury and
counsel and defendants. It opened with'
ans argument which lasted well toward
tho noon hour. It swung- through the day
with testimony which brought an eager
light into tho eyes of the sensation vul
tures outside the rail, and it closed with a
story of hardship and trial as told by tho
former servant of the Government, C E.
Loomis. which, had It not been so Improb
able, would have brought tears to the
eyes of tho jury aria wrung sympathy
from the heart of a Nero. It was a con
tinuous vaudeville, opening with dialogue.
SPECIAL PROSECUTOR HENEY AND OTHER PROMINENT FIGURES IN THE LAND FRAUD CASES
9 y.rwE Too toisonki
followed -with tragedy and closing with
comedy, deep, irresistible and entirely
The Porter-Watson Deed.
Tho morning: session commenced with
the argument of counsel on the admissi
bility of the deed made by Emma Porter
transferring her claim of 160 acres to
Emma I. Watson. Judge Pipes objected
on the ground that the indictment was in
definite and uncertain In tone, that it did
not tell what line was to be followed by
the prosecution or what the defense would
be required to meet. Judge O'Day argued
against tho deed as evidence on constitu
tional grounds. He cited that a man was
supposed to bo tried solely on the allega
tions of tho indictment. The defense con
tended that there was an Emma Porter
and an Emma Watson, and if this was so
the passage of title was perfectly legal
Mr. Hall held that the prosecution was
not endeavoring to show only that title
had passed from the United States to the
settlers and from them to one member of
The court held that since It was a ques
tion of conspiracy and not of forgery that
the prosecution was seeking to set up. the
deeds were admissible as evidence. If the
person Emma Porter was one and the
same with Emma I Watson, she could
not deal with herself and the title would
not be legal. If therefore the deed as evi
dence would connect Emma Watson with
the conspiracy. It was admissible, and the
objection was for that reason overruled.
Deeds were then offered In evidence
transferring to Emma I. Watson the-
claims of Frank Wolgamot. Maud Witt-
Nellie Backus, Thomas Wllkins, Joseph
Wilson, Zenas K. Watson. Alexander R.
Brown. George L. Pettis. George A. Gra
ham. Henry Young and Harry C. Barr.
In all of these Instruments D. W. Tarpley
Had been the notary before whom the
deed was drawn.
Land' Deeded to Kribs.
Following this tho prosecution Intro
duced a deed from Emma I. Watson to
Frederick A. Kribs transferring 1920 acres
of land on May 3, 1902. J. D. Leonard
and S. A. D. Puter were witnesses to this
paper, while Leonard was the notary
drawing up the deed.
In Introducing the document Mr. Heney
stated that he would ask that the evi
dence apply to Puter and Watson alone,
and not to the other defendants. He
would promise to show to the court that
Puter had a knowledge of the fraudulent
transaction, a well as, Mrs. Wateon.
"I take exception to these remarks."
said Judge O'Day.
"I don't see how you can do so," re
marked the court.
"Well," said Mr. O'Day, "I hate to be
swallowed piecemeal. I would rather be
swallowed whole, like Jonah. There is
nothing in the evidence to show the con
nection of the defense with these papers.
cease--AjThe evidence was admitted as applying
to Watson and Puter.
C. A. Wlntermeir, an .attorney of Eu
gene, was the next witness called. He
testified that he had known Horace Mc
Klnley for from three to five years and
had been acquainted with Miss Ware for
eight years. Horace McKlnley had lived
In Eugene, and he had frequently seen him
there. McKlnley was a timber dealer at
the time the witness had known him. and
he had often seen him In Marie Ware's
office and noted that he was with Mlsa
Ware a good deal on the streets. He re
membered particularly seeing McKlnley In
the office In the Spring of 1902, because he
had gone the,re to sen about a timber claim
In which hff was Interested. Tho witness
was not crrtsa-examined.
S. R. Wllams. a real estate dealer of
Eugene, had known McKlnley by sight
for two yea re and had known Miss Ware
for ten years. He had often seen them
together. The witness was excused at
this point becausd his knowledge dated
subsequent to the filing of tho Indictment.
M. B. Bankin, a lumber and tlmberman
of Portland, testified to having known S.
A. D. Puter for several years, and that
(Concluded on Page 12.)
Roosevelt Tours the St
CHEERED AT EVERY TURN
Great Throngs Assist in Mak
ing the Executive Welcome.
HE GREATLY ENJOYS THE DAY
'No Point of Interest Is Overlooked,
Although Little Time Is Spent at
Any Building Many Foreign
Countries Make Gifts. -
-ST. LOUIS, Nov. 25. Never have more
perfect conditions prevailed since the op
ening of the World's Fair than those that
marked today, which was devoted to a
tour through the Exposition by President
Roosevelt, accompanied by Mrs. Roose
velt, Miss Alice Roosevelt "and members
of the President's party. It was strictly
a day of pleasure, and there was not the
slightest incident to mar the perfect en
joyment of the occasion.
The heralded, announcement that the
Nation's Chief Executive would visit tho
Exposition drew tremendous thronjgs.rand
to guard him from posrible dangeithat
might menace him, secret service men,
soldiers and police guards abounded, but
they had comparatively little to do in
preserving order? The sentiment seemed
to be unanimous in the minds of the thou
sands of spectators that President Roose
velt was the guest of each one, and each
did his best to preserve order. The con
sequence was that those In authority had
only to designate their wishes and In
stantly crowds parted, passageways were
cleared and hindrances quickly removed
that every moment of the President's lim
ited time might be occupied In viewing
"This is marvelous," he said. "It is be
yond description and exceeds my fondest
expectations. I haw had the best time
I have, ever hsd-ln my life, and I have
seen more than I ever expected to see In
one day's tune"."
Overlook Np Point of Interest.
From 10 In the morning until 6 in the
evening the distinguished visitors, follow
ing a schedule, hurried from one building
to the next, from one part of the grounds
to another, and overlooked nothing of interest-
From the start to the end of the
tour, Mrs. Roosevelt and Miss Alice ac
companied the President, and fatigue was
forgotten In the enjoyment of the day.
The first spesch of the day was made in
the French pavilion In response to he
welcome accorded by Commissioner-General
Gerald. President Roosevelt said:
"Mr. Commissioner I wish to thank you
from the bottom of my heart for the
kind words you have just spoken. At this
Exposition -the great Republic of France
has a peculiarly appropriate part, the
great nation whose people worked so much
in the past for the discovery and settle
ment of this continent, and the people
that took this Infant Nation by the hand
:to help it up Into the circle of powers.
One of your publicists has used the ex
pression, 'Peace of Justice,' and I am par
ticularly pleased as to what you say as to
the efforts of the committee to bring
about throughout the world the 'peace of
"I wish to propose a toast to President
Loubet and to the French nation, and
may the hands of friendship that have
ever united them with the United States
of America be ever tightened in tho fu
Champagne was sipped in honor of the
toast, and then the party hurried to the
other national pavilions, completing the
inspection soon after midday, and lunch
eon was served in the west pavilion. This
occupied about an hour and was purely
informal. At the conclusion. President
Fancls arose, and holding up a glass of
Toasts Mr3. Roosevelt.
"I desire to offer a toast that will not
receive a favorable response because we
are simply resting and sightseeing and
are not devoting ourselves to speeches.
I desire that this toast be drunk stand
ing in honor of one who, exerts a very
potential influence over the policy and
the destiny of this country the lady who
presides over the White House."
The guests were on their feet instantly
and merrily clinked glasses as they drank
to Mrs.- Roosevelt who, smiling, bowed
A hurried visit was made to the
American building and thence to the
Roosevelt cabin, which sheltered the
President in former days on the ranch
He evinced the greatest interest In the
old log structure and pointed out to
) Mrsoosevelt and Miss Alice a buffalo
! skin hanging within as having come
from the first buffalo he had ever kill
ed. I In the Philippine Reservation.
! Tli. W .I-.. . 1
.cow VJI lite Ulj HUS SyUIK. 111 UIO
Philippine reservation. Guards had
cleared the area of visitors and the
entire place was given over to inspec
tion by the Presidential party. During
the hour and a half spent in the Philip
pine reservation every portion was in
spected. In the Igorrote village Chief
Antonio, who had been to Washington
and met the President, presented to
him art album containing 40 photo
graphs of Igorrotes.
A class of natives then sang "Amer
ica" In the. English, tongue, having
learned it since they came to the Ex
position. At the Lanao Moro villago the na
tives presented a silver-dish Und a set
of silver bottles to the President, who
In accepting them said:
"I thank you very much for this gift.
My aim . is to help you Increase your
(Concluded on Second Page.)
Malheur Project May
ROAD COMPANY OBJECTS
It Refuses to Pay its Share of
Cost of Irrigation.
HOLDINGS ARE EXTENSIVE
Most of the Stockholders Are For
eigners, and Reclamation Service
Believes They Don't Know
Policy of Government.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. Nov. 26,-Just as the officials
of the Reclamation Service were pre
paring to make contracts for the con
struction of the Malheur irrigation
project, in Malheur County, Oregon,
after having completed negotiations
with farmers whose lands will be re
claimed under the proposed canals, an
unexpected obstacle arises' which
threatens to force the abandonment of
this attractive reclamation scheme,
the moat promising now open to Gov
ernment adoption In Oregon.
The grant mutfe to the Willamette
Valley and Cascade Mountain Military
Koad Company traverses the area pro
posed to be irrigated along: Malheur
River, and embodies about one-sixtn of
the total Irrigable area. The Govern
ment, after persistent efforts, procured
signed agreements from all farmers
owning lands In the Irrigation area, by
which they pledge themselves to pay
their proportionate share of tha cost of
.building this great project, namely $30
It had been assumed that the Mili
tary Road people would be -willing to
enter into a. Ilka agreement Inasmuch
as the construction of this Irrigation
project would greatly enhance the
value of, .their lands, and make then?
readily saleable. At present the read
company's lands are vacant, unim
proved and practically valueless. It
turns out that the assumption of- the
Department was incorrect. Tho owners
of the Military Road land, now residing:
in Paris, do not look with favor upon
the Government's proposition and are
unwilling to contribute anything to
wards building storage reservoirs and
canals. This company has three repre
sentatives In this country, C E. S.
Wood, of Portland; Charles Altschul,
of New York, and Richard Altschul, of
San Francisco. Mr. Wood, when ap
proached, was heartily in favor of ac
cepting the Government's proposal
and of contributing toward the project
at the rate of 530 an acre. The two
Altschuls, however, made adverse rec
ommendations, and their opinion car
ried as against that of Mr. Wood.
The officials of the Reclamation Ser
vice, who had banked so much on this
project and had expected to see It
pressed to early completion, are very
much disheartened at the turn affairs
have taken. They are inclined to be
lieve that the. Military Road peoplo
who .are opposing the Government's
plan are doing so not in a spirit of ani
mosity, but because they do not under
stand what the Government proposes to
do. They are Inclined to believe that
if these parties are once made to ap
preciate that the building of this pro
ject will increase tbe value of their
lands way above what the work will
cost them, that they will reverse their
position and subscribe to the project,
just as the farmers have done. But
the Government is not in a position to
go to these individuals and beg them to
accept its proposition; the representa
tives of the company must come to tho
Government. It is hoped that the
farmers Interested will take means of
Impressing upon the Military Road
people the importance of co-operating
in this work. Unless this" is done the
Malheur project may have to be aban
doned. As the surveys of the Malheur pro
ject have progressed it has been found
that the work is of far greater magni
tude than was at first supposed. It is
now estimated that fully 120,000 acre3
can be irrigated by storing- and divert
ing the waters of Malheur River. Whilt
it is estimated that It will cost $30 an
acre to reclaim this land, late investi
gations indicate that the actual cost
will fall below this figure. In this
event the farmers who have subscribed
their support will be called upon to
pay only, the actual cost of reclama
tion, possibly not more than -$25 an
acre. The -whole work will probably
The difficulty that has arisen grown
out of ihe fact that the wagon-road
grant, of alternate sections, extends
throughout the irrigable area. It would
not be practicable to reclaim the al
ternate sections not owned by the
company, skipping wagon-road lands.
"Even should this plan be adopted, It'
would bo necessary to procure rights
or way for canals across the road lands.
This -would lead to endless litigation
and would retard the -work for many
The only hope of pushing the Mal
heur project on to completion Is' in
winning over the Military- Road peopla
to consent to bear their proportionate
share of the cost of the work. Once
this co-operation is promised, work. oC
construction will be undertaken. IC
their co-operation cannot be secured,
the Reclamation service wU be obliged,
to turn to some ' other project lx Ore-