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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 5, 1904)
THE SUNDAY. .OKEGONIAST, 55 I90i.
Russian Forces Are Fast
, Wearing Port Arthur.
BULK OF ARMY FOLLOWING
Advance Guard of 14,000 at
Entrance to Peninsula.
MOVEMENT TOWARD KA1PING
Both Sides Are Wow Executing Well
Directed Plans-Russia Does Not
Expect Decisive Battle .
PARIS, June,5. The St Petersburg- cor
respondent of the Matin says he learns
from a trustworthy source that the ad
vance guard of 14.000 men under General
Stakelberg, sent by General Kuropatkln
to the relief of Port Arthur, has already
reached the entrance to the Liao Tung
Peninsula, and the bulk of the army Is fol
lowing. The correspondent of the Matin at Nlu
Chwang confirms this, stating that Im
portant movements of Russian troops are
proceeding to the southward of Tachlchao
toward Kal Ping.
WILL COST LIVES OF MANY MEN
Man From Port Arthur Says Fort
Will Be Hard to Take.
ST. PETERSBURG, June 4. W. S.
Smith, a brother of Samuel F. Smith.
United States Consul at Moscow, and who
Is In business at Port Arthur, has arrived
here. Mr. Smith expresses confidence that
Port Arthur will never be taken unless the
Japanese sacrifice thousands of men. To
the1 Associated Press he said:
"The Russians had 38.000 .men at Port
Arthur at the time I left there, and every
man Is hale and hearty, and Is prepared
to fight until the last drop to prevent the
capture of the fortress. All the surround
ing heights are strongly fortified by ln
trenchments, embankments and emplace
ments, scientifically disposed.
"The Japanese can only take the place
if they are in overwhelming force or If the
Russians are asleep, and I do not believe
that the latter will occur. In vlew of the
vigilance everywhere manifested.
"For a time after the war began, the
battleships Retvisan and Czarovltch were
used as floating fortresses to guard the
mouth of the harbor. The Russians have
ample stores of provisions for four and a
EXPECT BATTLE AT LIAO YANG
Russians Believe Important .Develop
ments Are Impending.
ST. PETERSBURG, Juno 4. The gen- j
eral public at the Russian capital Is im
bued with the belief that important mili
tary developments are impending at Liao
Tang, and that a general engagement be
tween Kuropatkln's and General Kurokl's
armies Is Imminent. Although the author
ities are doing nothing to discourage the
idea, the best-Informed circles at the War
Office do not anticipate a decisive battle
Immediately, unless brought on more or
less unexpectedly by an accidental collis
ion between strong columns, as often hap
pens In warfare.
The War Office's information does not
indicate that the Japanese have concen
trated for an attack on General Kuropat
kln, and it Is expected they are not yet
ready to assume the offensive. Neverthe
less, It Is known that differences of opinion
exist at tho Russian headquarters as to
the advisability of taking the aggressive,
and It is believed this matter was the sub
ject of a conference between the commander-in-chief
and the Viceroy at Muk
Kuropatkln's position is becoming very
formidable, both in the number and char
acter of troops at his disposal. The condi
tion of somo of the Siberian reserves when
called to the colors was not satisfactory
and caused Kuropatkln misgivings, but it
is now reported that they have been
drilled Into a state of efficiency. More Im
portant, however, are the large reinforce
ments of field artillery, in which the Rus
sian army was especially weak. These
have now arrived. Nevertheless, Kuro
patkln does not consider himself strong
enough to risk tho possibility of a defeat
which might be irretrievable and result in
disaster or at least years of campaigning.
His friends praise his steady conservatism,
caution and refusal to listen to the counsel
of tho hotspurs.
BRIGANDS BECOME BOLDER.
"NIu Chwang Residents Fear Gun
boats Will Be Needed.
NIU CHWANG, June 4. The brigands
In this vicinity are becoming bold
er, after receiving 1000 Manllcher
rifles. Their renewed activity is causing
a discussion among the foreign residents
on the necessity for gunboats as a pro
tection for their lives and property dur
ing the interval which must elapse be
tween the departure of the Russians and
the entrance of tho Japanese troops Into
NIU Chwang. A British gunboat is still
lying at Hing Wang Tarn, but the de
cision of the Washington authorities that
the United States gunboats Wilmington
and Helena will summer at Canton is
taken to mean that United States Consul
Miller's recommendation made months
ago has been unfavorably considered by
Consul Miller's common-sense diplomacy
and his firm, courageous attitude has done
much to alleviate the fears of all the for
eign residents here. The Chinese trust In
him explicitly. Still the American and
British residents, while of the opinion that
his influence would prove of immense
value In the event the bandits began raid
ing the town between the Russians going
and the Japanese s coming, say he should
have the support of a gunboat stationed
at the mouth of the river.
The Russians here have been (somewhat
cheered by a report brought In by an of
ficer just arrived who was in the battle
at Kin Chou to the egect that, after the
first day's fighting the Japanese asked for
a 12 days' truce. Outsiders do not, how'
ever, believe this report.
COSSACKS ARE AMBUSHED.
Japanese Engage a Small Force in
the Vicinity of Gensan.
SEOUL, Corea. June 4. A skirmish
took place between 30 Cossacks and
an unknown force - of Japanese scouts
at a point 32 .miles north of Ges San on
the morning' of June S. The . Cos
sacks were evidently ambnshed by the
Japanese, who were concealed in the
brush on a hillside. The Russians eventu
ally retired toward Ham Heung, leaving
six dead upon the field. The Japanese cas
ualties are not stated.
Women and Children to Leave.
SEOUL, June 4. The Commissioner of
Customs at Gensan, Corea, wires that a
Russian attack on that place is deemed
imminent. He is. making preparations to
send the women and children to a moun
tain monastery, 20 miles distant.
A report has reached here that the Rus
sians have landed field pieces at Sha
River, near Ham Heung, north of Gen-,
san. on Broughton Bay, or the Gulf of
Corea, at which place Cossack reinforce
ments are expected.
COSSACKS FORCED TO RETREAT
They Attack Japanese Near Feng
Wang Cheng and Suffer Losses.
ST. PETERSBURG, June 4. The War
Office has received news of a sharp fight
20 miles north of Salmatsa, north of Feng
Wang Cheng, June 1, in which six Cos
sacks were killed and 22 wounded. The
Japanese losses are not known. Five com
panies of General RennenkampfTs Cos
sacks discovered Japanese detachments at
Fang Chou Ling Pass, half way between
Salmatsa and AJludjan. The Cossacks
dismounted and attacked on foot, but ow
ing to the difficult nature of the ground
and the strong defensive position held
by the enemy and the latter's stubborn
resistance, the attack was not pressed,
and the Cossacks drew off. .
No particular Importance is attached at
the War Office to the appearance of this
detachment of the enemy. It being be
lieved General Kurokl is keeping his
flank well protected in order to rid him
self of the spying of the Cossacks.
The War Office has received no fresh
news from Liao Tung. Since the receipt
of General Stoessel's report, the general
staff is convinced that the Japanese losses
In the fighting about Klnchou were
greater than officially admitted. It Is
known that only the very seriously
wounded were Included In that category.
There are Indications that both of the
commanders are pursuing this plan, as
the wounds made by the small caliber,
high-velocity bullets used in modern war
fare, unless they reach a vital spot, heal
quickly, and almost In a few weeks the
injured are ready for battle again.
Fighting on Liao Tung Peninsula.
TOKIO, June 4. The commander of the
Japanese forces south of the Yalu River
telegraphed from Seoul today news of a
series of fights north of Pu Lan Tien.
about 40 miles north of Port Adams, Liao
Tung Peninsula, Monday, received from
Japanese cavalry scouting in the vicinity
of Chu Chia Tung. It was learned that no
Cossacks had been located at Tellssa,
and the Japanese thereupon dispatched In
fantry and cavalry, which defeated and
pursued them. The Russian force consist
ed of three squadrona At Chaug Chia Tun
this force was Joined by two additional
squadrons, and the Japanese again at
tacked and defeated the Russians. Five
companies of Infantry and a battery of
horse artillery joined the Russians at
Lung Wang Mlao, where the Japanese
attacked for the third time and the Rus
sian cavalry continued In contact' Monday
RUSSIA CANNOT BELIEVE IT.
Jipan Held to Have No Right to
Offer Territory to China.
ST. PETERSBURG, June 4. (6:07 P.
M) The Russian authorities have not
been advised by 1L Lessar, the Russian
Minister to China, of the proposition al
leged to have been made to China by
Japan to hand over the towns captured
by the Japanese in Manchuria to the
Chinese civil administration, or even of
the refusal of the Pekln government to
assign the administrations to a neutral
The Foreign Office cannot believe such a.
proposition was 'submitted, pointing out
that "while the war Is In progress the
fact that certain territory is occupied by
the Japanese does not necessarily mean
It will remain In their hands. As a bel
ligerent, Russia would, of course, refuse
to recognize an agreement which might
hamper her military operations, and she
does not believe the powers would con
sider even for a moment a proposition of
At the conclusion of the war. If Japan
Is victorious,' It is considered that she
herself is under pledge not to undertake.
even temporarily, the civil administration
If Japan has actually opened negotia
tions with China on this subject, it will
be regarded here as an attemgt to raise
international complications in the hope
of forcing the powers to interfere while
the balance of the war Is on her side.
REPORTS KUROKI CAPTURED.
Paris Agency Receives Sensational
Rumor From Russian Capital.
PARIS, June 4. A dispatch from St
Petersburg to the Havas Agency says an
unconfirmed rumor is circulating there
that General Kurokl has been captured by
Government Circles in the Dark.
ST. PETERSBURG, June 4. Nothing Is
known In government circles here tonight
regarding the rumored capture of Gen
eral Kurokl, the authorities having re
ceived no news from the front since the
announcement this afternoon of the fight
at Siamatza. It is pointed out that news
of such great Importance would" not be
held back a moment if it had been re
ceived. Japanese Not Paying for Supplies.
LIAO YANG, June 3. Merchants from
the South complain that the Japanese
are not paying for the supplies taken by
thorn as they did in the earlier stages
of the war, and assert they are even ill
treated and insulted when they ask for
money. Two Chinese bandits were exe
cuted here yesterday.
Kill Many Cossacks.
TOKIO. June 4. General Haraguchl, In
command of the Japanese forces south of
the Yalu River, telegraphs from Seoul that
an infantry reconnaissance dispatched
from Gensan struck a patrol of Cossacks
at Munch Pyan, yesterday, and killed
many of them.
Pigeons Bring Messages.
CHEFOO. June 5. (11 A M.) The
Russian Consul hero is receiving mes
sages from Port Arthur by means of car
rier pigeons. The messages are being
forwarded to St. Petersburg.
More Wounded Reach Liao Yang.
LIAO YANG, June 3. Another train
load of wounded Russians has arrived
here, and has been visited by General
Kuropatkln. who talked to the men and
was assured that they were doing welL
Charged to Misuse of White Flag.
NAGASAKA. Japan. June 4. Wounded
Japanese who have arrived here from the
Liao Tung Peninsula attribute the heavy
casualties at Nanshan Hill to the Rus
sians' alleged misuse of the white flag.
Floating Mines at Tientsin.
TIENTSIN, June 4. It Is generally be
lieved there are floating mines In this
locality. Local steamers have been or
dered to avoid the mine , zone off the
Shan Tun Promontory.
Do Your Ribs Show?
Atchison Glebe. '
This being ca"Hed "splrituelle." girls. Is
no compliment: it means one who is so
thin her ribs show.
DOWNPOUR AT END
Kansas Now Expects the
Floods to Recede.
LOSS WILL BE ENORMOUS
Crops Are Badly Injured, Thousands
of Head of Livestock Drowned and
TOPEKA, Kan., June 4. No further
rains have fallen in Kansas during the
past 18 hours. A rapid Improvement in
the flood situation is expected. An
enormous amount of damage has been
done. Crops- have been badly Injured,
thousands of head of livestock have
been drowned and buildings damaged.
Three lives were lost as nearly as can
Southern Kansas is bearing the brunt
of the flood tonight. The Neosho, Wal
nut and Arkansas Rivers are rising in
some places. Many washouts on rail
roads are reported. The streams are
higher than they have been for 20
Although the Misourl River at Kan
sas City is high and rising slowly. It Is
believed it will be able to carry off the.
great amount or water coming tnat way
from the West through the Kaw.
Oklahoma and the Indian Territory
streams are also high, and in some in
stances have already overflowed their
banks. Inundating valuable farjn lands
and doing more or less damage In tho
vicinity of Lawton, Oklahoma City,
Guthrie and Shawnee, Okla., and around
Muskogee, Ardmoro and Sapulpa, I. T.
In Southwestern Missouri the Marais
des Cygnes has done some damage to
tracks at several points.
Small, but Uniform Rise.
At Kansas City and north, the Mis
souri River shows a small but uniform
rise, and a further rise of a foot is pre
dicted. Missouri streams, however,
with the possible exception of the
Marais des Cygnes, which also trav
erses Kansas, are well within their
banks, and it is believed will cause no
Railway service throughout the
Southwest Is still demoralized, and a
dozen or more trains are stalled in
Kansas. Hundreds of thousands of
dollars' worth of bridges have been de
stroyed and growing crops have been
The greatest damage wrought Is in
the great oil fields of Southern Kan
sas, around Chanute and at Iola, Flor
ence, Emporia, Fort Scott and further
west along tho Arkansas at Wichita
and other points.
At Chanute the Neosho Is miles wide
and the water is higher than since 18S5.
Dikes built In that vicinity were all
washed out by the flood of a few week3
ago, and as a result practically all of
the oil country Is under two to 15 feet
of water. Scores of oil lakes filled with
oil and many derrick rigs have been
Railroad traffic on all lines In that sec
tion has been abandoned. At Iola the
Neosho Is five miles wide and a. foot
higher than it was last year. All bottom
lands have been flooded, and the loss In
cattle drowned and farm property dam
aged will exceed that of 1903. The water:
works and electrlc-llght plants are prac
tically out of service. . Rock and Elm
Creeks have backed their water. Into town.
and hundreds of families along their
banks were driven from their homes and
were forced to take shelter In the Court'
house. The river Is still rising today and
the worst doubtless Is yet to come.
At Florence business Is practically at a
standstill and merchants are removing
their stocks of goods. A passenger train
Is tied up at Clements, and the passengers
were compelled to remain In the cars all
night. Food was taken to them In boats,
The lower part of Emporia Is deep under
water, and the river there Is still rising.
A party headed by Sheriff Newlands has
rescued many persons.
The conditions at Fort Scott remain un
changed, Belltown being shut off from the
main part of the city, and the flood ex
tending as far west as Iola.
Hundreds Homeless in Oklahoma.
OKLAHOMA CITY. O. T., June 4.
Water covers the western section of this
city from First to Sixth streets, and hun
dreds of families have been driven from
their homes. The excessive rains of tho
last two days culminated today In a ter
The water covers, over ten residence
blocks, and Is two feet higher than dur
lng the big flood of a year ago. The river
Is rising and threatens the southern part
of the city, when additional water reaches
here from above.
Drains Get Through.
TOPEKA, Kan., June 4. The Santa Fe
system, which has been completely
blocked between Emporia and Florence
since 8 o'clock Thursday afternoon, was
thrown open for train service today, and
the first trains through here for several
days arrived from the west at 12:30 P.
M. Santa Fe officials expect to have the
service in its normal condition by to
MOHAMMEDANS ARE EXCITED
Presence of American Ships, How
ever, Is Having Salutary Influence.
WASHINGTON. June 4. Admiral Chad
wick today cabled to the Navy Depart
ment that the presence of the American
fleet at Tangier has had a salutary lnflu
ence, but the community Is in a state of
great religious excitement.
Admiral Chadwick's telegram Is under
stood to be in reply to certain criticisms.
mainly from British sources, upon the wis
dom of sending American warships to
Morocco at this juncture.
The British view Is that the release of
the kidnaped men. Perdlcaris and Varley,
can be more satisfactorily obtained by re
fraining from adding to the anti-foreign
feeling of the Moors, and that government
therefore has so far sent to Morocco
waters nothing more formidable in a
naval way than a small dispatch boat, the
Surprise, and Is relying entirely upon the
efforts of the British Minister at Tangier.
The religious excitement mentioned as
prevailing among the Moors Is believed
here to be Incident primarily to one of
the annual Mohammedan pilgrimages oc
curring at this season. Undoubtedly, how
ever, the presence of the seven American
warships at Tangier, with a promise of
reinforcement if necessary by another
squadron. Is regarded as threatening
Moorish Integrity and the Mohammedan
religion, and has contributed to the ex
FRANCE PEARS AGITATION.
She Favors the Withdrawal of Some
of the Ships.
PARIS, June 4. Although no official
Intimation on the subject has been given,
It Is understood that France favors the
withdrawal of some of the American war
ships now at Tangier. The presence of
the American ships there has had the
effect of attracting ships of other na
tlonallties, including Italian and British.
According to the French view. If a local
agitation occurred, American, Italian and
British ships might land men to preserve
order, and it is pointed out that this
would involve serious responsibilities up
on the United States, and would also
have the effect of discrediting France's
paramount Influence in Morocco.
The American officials say the United
States warships will be promptly with
drawn if France undertakes the entire
burden of securing the release of Ion
Perdlcaris. Thus far, however, France,
while offering to do everything possible,
has no desire to assume the entire bur
den of settling the incident. The French
officials say they would gladly relieve the
United States government of the em
barrassment of the Moroccan affair, but
do not wish to place themselves in a
Many Old Soldiers Employed. k
WASHINGTON, June 4. Complying
with a request of the committee on civil
service reform, the Civil Service Commis
sion has prepared a statement -showing
that the total number of former soldiers
and -former sailors of the Civil War em
ployed In the executive departments at
Washington, Is 2175, and the widows of
the veterans so employed, 3SS. The Infor
mation was asked In view of complaints
that there, are many superannuated clerks
on the payrolls.
Pacific Squadron Sails on Cruise.
HONOLULU, June 4. The flagship New
York, the cruiser Marblehead. the gun
boats Bennington and Concord and the
collier Nero, of the Pacific squadron, un
der command of Rear-Admiral Glass,
sailed today on a cruise to the Aleutian
Islands. The cruiser Albany will sail
Tuesday for the Bremerton (Wash.) navy
yard. The auxiliary cruiser Buffalo, which
convoyed the torpedo-boat flotilla to the
Philippines, sailed from here for Panama
Commissions of Justices Expire.
HONOLULU. June 4. The commissions
of the Supreme Justices of Hawaii have
expired, and their successors have not
been appointed. Judges Frear and Perry
are candidates for reappointment. The
third member of the court. Judge Clinton
A. Galbralth, sailed on the United States
transport Logan today for San Francisco
en route to his former home In Oklahoma
Crew From Oregon Wins Pennant
WASHINGTON, June 4. Although not
officially announced, It Is understood that
the order of merit of battleships In the
recent target practice so far as completed
Is as follows: Oregon first and probable
winner of the pennant: Wisconsin, second.
and Iowa, third. The battleship Illinois
Is now engaged in target practice in
Hawaiian Military Site Deal.
HONOLULU, June 4. The purchase by
the United States Government of the Ka
haulka military site near Honolulu has
been completed, the Federal Government
paying the leaseholders $19,000. The tract
Includes 1500 acres. Forts, barracks and
camps will be erected upon it.
Transports Reach Honolulu.
HONOLULU, June 4. The United States
transports Buford and Logan arrived Jiere
today from Manila.
Gold on Its Travels.
There has been a steady flow of gold
Into this country during the last few
months from Japan. The war Is partly
responsible for that. Japan has been buy
ing military supplies and provisions
here. While the United States Is gain
lng gold In one direction It Is losing in
another. Last week over $12,000,000 was
shipped from New York to France on ac
count of the Panama Canal purchase.
It is not certain that the entire sum of
540,000,000 will be paid by sending gold,
but a considerable part of It will be.
It Is. quite likely that some, ot what
Is sent to Paris will not stay there, but
will continue to travel eastward. There
are persistent rumors that Russia Is try
lng to place a J150.000.000 short-term loan
In that city. If the Russian Government
really is seeking to do that and Is suc
cessful, the Paris bankers will need an
Increased supply of the precious metal
If the loan Is placed most of the money
will remain on deposit to bo drawn
against for the purchase of supplies In
Western Europe, but some will be sent
to St. Petersburg to swell the stock of
gold In the Russian treasury or to be
sent still farther east to the scene of
military operations In Manchuria,
It Is not difficult to fancy a small
stream of gold, set In motion by the war
In the Orient, which flows around the
world and returns almost to the point
from which It started. If the war last
long enough, the Identical bar which
Japan sent to the United States to buy
provisions for Japanese soldiers may con
tlnue on Its travels and finally pass Into
the hands of Russia, to be used for the
benefit of Russian soldiers.
The Great Reason.
A little 4-year-old girl was making a
good deal of. noise In the public library
yesterday, where It Is against the rules to
speak aloud, and the librarian said: "Ssh
You must be quiet" The little girl ex
claimed: "Where Is the baby?
Boost for the Smart Set.
There Is this to be said to the credit of
real society people; they do not give sur
make a beau
tiful bride but
she is de
38. ES "OVIO-ID
WHO CANNOT BE CURED.
The proprietors and makers of Dr.
Pierce's Favorite Prescription now feel
fully warranted in offering to pay $500
in legale money of the United States, for
any caee of Leucorrhea, remale Weak
ness, Prolapsus, or Falling of Womb
which they cannot cure. All they ask is
a fair and reasonable trial of their means
"If women would study the laws of health
and use a little more common sense there would
not be inch a larrc number to-day suffering
with the ills peculiar to our sex." writes Mrs,
SalHe Martin President Mutual Social Science
Club), of 1S0 South Halstead Street. Chicago, 111.
"Then when medicine Is needed if they would
take the Favorite Prescription,' they would
hare a chance to get well. 1 used Dr. Pierce's
Favorite Prescription three years ago and it
cured me of female weakness of several years
standing, so I know what T am talking about
when I praise it and always know what the
result will be where it is used.'
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets should
be used with "Favorite Prescription"
whenever a laxative is required
HOW TWO BEAUTIFUL WOMEN ESCAPED
Catarrh Robs Women of Health and
Makes Women Healthy and
MIas Lydla Herziger, Grand Recorder of
American Daughters of Independence, writes
from Neenah, Wis., as follows:
4 'I have used Peruna now for four years,
each Spring and Fall, -and it keeps me per
fectly well and strong. I am able to con
tinue working and do not have to take a
three months' rest, as I used to do every
year. This is a great comfort to me, as I
was not able to afford such a long rest. I
find that it is & great preventive for colds
and coughs and soon rids the system of all
disease and is an admirable medicine. I
can honestly indorse it." Miss Lydia
' T T - - T T 1 It 1 t
Thousands of Women Cured by Pe-ru-na
of Annoying Catarrh.
Dr. Hartman has probably done more
than any other physician toward popu
larizing a means of - escape from the
facial deformities, such as watery eyes,
twisted nose, offensive breath, dry
cracked Hps, due to the ravaging effects
He has made chronic catarrh a lifelong
study. His remedy, popularly known
as Peruna, Is the most famous remedy
for catarrh In existence.
Probably there is not a man or woman,
boy or girl, within the bounds of the
United States that has not heard of Peruna-
By far the largest majority have
The multitude ot people that have
WOMEN HONOR HER
Daughter of Senator Mitchell
Given Office in Paris.
WORK FOR EQUAL SUFFRAGE
Duchess De La Rochefoucauld Is
Chairman of the Committee Which
Is to Evolve Plan for Interna
SPECIAL CABLE. '
PARIS, June 4. Duchess De La Roche
foucauld, who was Miss Mattle Mitchell,
of Oregon, before marriage, has been
elected chairman of the committee of
American, French, and English "Woman
Suffragists meeting here, with the idea of
promoting an International suffrage asso
ciation, and on the line of clubs In Eng
land. These clubs are formed for educa
tional purposes. Several prominent women
have spoken on woman suffrage recently
at a club of which Duchess De La
Rouchefoucauld Is president. The latter
has Induced nearly every American wom
an, who Is making her home In Paris, to
join the club. Member of the club of
which the Duchess is at the head have
given a dinner In her honor.
The convention devoted the day to de
bating the platform and electing officers.
At tho wish of the English delegates, the
declaration that woman does not owe
obedience to the state or to her husband
was omitted and the word "tyranny"
was changed to "misuse of power."
Miss Susan B. Anthony declined the
presidency because of her advanced age,
and Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt was
FEEEND OF "WHITES DEAD.
Career of Henry Blowe, Chief of the
KLAMATH AGENCY. June L-To the
Editor.) The death of Chief Lole-to-bux,
or Henry Blowe, at his home on this reser
vation, on May 17, removed from our com
munity a man well known, not only to
the Indians but to the white people as
well, for he has been a notable man for
many years In the Klamath country.
' Half Modoc and half Klamath, hecast
his lot with the Klamaths In his youth,
and by dint of strong "personality he be
came a prominent subchief. and Anally the
head chief of the treaty tribes. He was a
faithful leader of his people and a strong
supporter of the National authority dur
ing the days of our early history in the
As a subchief he sighed the great treaty
with 25 other chiefs of the several south
eastern tribes at Council Grove, near this
agency, on October 14, 1S&4. "With the
famous scout, Dave Hill, and a few other
picked men of the Klamath tribe, he was.
with our troops as an active aid during
the Palute "War.
At the time of the Modoc outbreak, sub
sequent to the initial flght at the stone
bridge on Lost River and the massacre of
the settlers of Tule Lake Valley, Chief
Blowe and Dave Hill, at the head of 36
trusty Klamath warriors, went to the de
fense of the endangered settlements and
assisted the limited military force In hold
DREAD CATARRH BY
leneth of time,
been cured of chronic catarrh by using
Peruna can never be known.
Many a girl has regained her faded
beauty, many a matron has lengthened
the days of her comely appearance by,
Peruna produces clean mucous mem
branes, the basis of facial symmetry and
a perfect complexion.
The women have not been slow to dis
cover that a course of Peruna will do
more toward restoring youthful beauty
than all the devices known to science.
"While It Is true that Peruna cures ca
tarrh wherever located, yet It Is advisa
ble for every one to use Peruna as a pre
ing the hostilities in check until the ar
rival of reinforcements from "Warner,
Harney, Bidwell and other Interior posts.
In 1S67 he accompanied the writer as his
second lieutenant. Chief Allen David being
first lieutenant, with the force of Klam
ath scouts which escorted Superintendent
J. "W. Perlt Huntington's wagon train en
route from The Dalles to Klamath agency
on the east side of the Cascades, to pro
tect the train from Chief Pau-nl-nos
Snakes, while opening the way for the
wagons through the pine lands of the
Upper Deschutes and Klamath Marsh
country. This train conveyed the first In
stallment of annuity goods which Uncle
Sam supplied to the Indians of the Klam
ath Basin under the treaty of 1864, and
arrived after the snows began In Novem
In 1869, Head Chief La-lakes having
retired on account of age and infirmity,
subchlefs Allen David and Blowe were
chosen from the council of subchlefs as
candidates for the succession. In the con
test which ensued and which culminated
In an election in which all the Indians of
the reservation participated, Including the
Mqdocs and Palutes, a memorable func
tion in which the writer had the honor to
participate as the pro tem. representative
of the United States, Allen David was
elected by a majority of five.
On a motion being made to make Allen
David's election unanimous, Chief Blowe
led every one of his followers to Allen
David's line and was the. strongest sup
porter of his authority until, on the re
tirement of that chief, a few years later,
Blowe was himself chosen to the chief
tainship. On the organization of the mounted po
lice force Henry Blowe became Its captain
and for years was the cool-headed but
courageous chief of a significant force
which controlled the turbulent elements of
the treaty tribes.
In my annual reports made to the De
partment while Indian agent, and subse
quently as superintendent of the Klamath
reservation, I have endeavored to present
the cause of the remaining chiefs and the
equity of giving them some aid in the way
of moderate pensions. These men were
valuable aids to the whites In their con
tentions with the hostile Palutes and Mo
docs. The initial days of stress and war
fare would have been much more pro
longed and bloody had not the warlike
Klamaths remained faithful friends to the
whites during these days onf contention,
thus providing a strong protection to the
Indeed, it Is my belief that had the
Klamath Indians, whose ability as fight
ers had been developed by almost continu
ous warfare with all surrounding tribes,
cast their lot with the hostlles at the time
of the Modoc outbreak In 1872, the white
settlements of the lake country would
have been overrun and possibly might
have been broken up, and the occupation
of one of the most fertile and valuable
sections of our state by white people
would probably have been long delayed.
In my last annual report, made August
4, last, I said of the surviving chiefs:
"These men are Allen David, Henry
Blowe, Lelu and Charley Preston. The
first two were successively head chief of
the Klamath tribe, the third was chief of
the Cowumkan Klamaths, and the last
was the official Interpreter at the treaty
council of 1864, he having learned to speak
Chinook and fairly good English while on
occasional incursions into the white settle
ments In the "Willamette Valley In North
ern Oregon. These men have always sup
ported the Government In Its efforts for
the control and Improvement of their peo
ple and have never given aid or comfort
to the enemies of law or order. They are,
in their old age, as faithful and loyal as
ever, and are indeed men whose consist
ent and honorable lives would be a credit
to people of any blood or nationality.
"Would it not be a generous thing for the
Government to grant the small pittance
that the picturesque old chiefs ask in rec
ognition of their long and faithful service?
If anything Is done it ought to be done,
soon, for these feeble representatives of
the early day3 will ere long Join their
warriors in the 'land of the hereafter.' "
At tho time of his death Chief Henry
USE OF PE-RU-NA
Crawley, 241. S.
Madison avenue. La
Grange. I1L, writes:
"For years I Iiave been a sufferer with catarrh
of the throat and larynx. I got hoarse on the
slightest provocation, and my voice became weak
and tired very easily. I could not talk for any
and it was very annoying. I was I
very much discouraged, as nothing seemed to help
me until a friend persuaded mo to give Peruna a
trial, I did not have much confidence in it, as
everything else had failed me, hut I tried it just
to please my friend. My delight, therefore, may
be imagined when I began to improve at once, and
I have kept on improving until my voice is strcng,
and I am never hoarse now. Peruna has done a
great deal for me." Miss Ellen Crawley.
ventive and not wait until catarrh has
fastened Itself in some part of the sys
tem. Peruna acts quickly and beneficially on
the inflamed mucous membranes lining
the different organs of the body. Tbus
It will cure catarrh wherever located.
If you do not receive prompt and satis
factory results from the use of Peruna,
write at once tc Dr. Hartman, giving a
full statement of your case and he will
be pleased to give you his valuable ad
Address Dr. Hartman, President of The
Hartman Sanitarium, Calumbus, O.
Blowe was about 76 years of age. His
children had all preceded him and his
brother died about a year ago. He was a
quiet, self-composed, conservative yet
courageous man; honest, 'friendly and hos
pitable, and was respected by all who
knew him. His example was a continuous
inspiration to friendly Intercourse between
the races, and fair dealing by all. Among
all the men I have known on the Klamath
border for nearly 40 years, I have known
none better than this man, either In war
or in peace. He was one of the truest
and noblest of men, though born In a
wigwam before the advent of the white
man to his picturesque land.
O. C. APPLEGATE.
Prominent Turfman Arrested.
CHICAGO, June 4. James GaylorBrown,
a prominent turfman, was arrested today
at the Harlem racetrack, charged with
embezzling 25,000 from his father's es
tate. Miss Corsetta TVhat a beautiful bouquet
Clair has in her lap over there in the third
back! MI-"" Pompmidora (looking) That's her
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It is the only medicine of
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