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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 14, 1903)
COLLEGE GIKLS AS VACATION WO'RKE'RS
TO MAKE THEIR WAY, SUMMER IS
THEIR HARVEST TIME
THE SUNDAY OKEGOSIAN, P0RTLA3TD, JUNE 14, 1903.
rITH the approach, of commence
ment day the all-Important ques
tion -which comes to the gradu
ate Is, "What shall I -wear?" The self
sustaining undergraduate faces a. more
difficult and serious problem, "How can
I support myself through the vacation
and lay aside something toward my ex
penses for next term?"
The young woman who Is determined
to work her way through the four-year
college course regards the summer va
cation as a veritable harvest time, with
dollars for her crop. From the middle of
June until the the middle of September
she executes those little triumphs of in
genuity which pave the -war for nine
months more at her beloved institution
of learning. If she is wise as well as In
genious, she has her plans made before
the college doors shut for the vacation
Naturally, she first turns her attention
to lines of work In which she can make
use of the learning acquired during the
past term. One of the most popular
means of raising funds is "coaching"
students in the same college who have
have been 'conditioned" or have
filled utterly in their examinations.
Strangely enough, the majority of these
summer pupils are not drawn from the
homes of the wealthy; they are not
girls whose interest in social matters has
interfered with their work, but children
of college professors and educationists.
Just as the sons of Industrial magnates
frequently develop .Into most Irrespon
sible business men, so the children of
very learned men show a singular Inap
titude for the arts and sciences.
The member of a college or school
faculty whose daughter has failed or
been " conditioned" feels personally dis
graced, and will make almost any sac
rifice to have her properly coached during
the summer. He does not coach her
himself for two reasons first, because
she may have failed in a branch remotely
removed from the line he teaches; and
second, because the student who has just
passed the examinations in which his
daughter failed is up-to-date on the top
ic and posted on "trick" questions.
A Cla of Conditioned. Student.
A New England girl has doubly solved
the problem of summer employment by
using both her newly acquired stock of
learning and her ancestral farm. The
latter Is a picturesque but barren hill
side in the heart of the Berkshlres with
an old-fashioned, rambling house. Here
she gathered the members of her sum
mer class for a month's work, combined
delightfully; with outdoor life. Her
THE succulent asparagus and the
wholesome onion make their Spring
entrance together, and will remain most
of the Summer. In the doctors' book of
household remedies, both vegetables have
important places. A free indulgence in
asparagus is advised for Tddney and liver,
while 'the onion proves a veritable medi
cine chest, equal to anything from scurvy
While gourmets assert that asparagus
to be perfect should be eaten tepid, the
majority of people prefer it hot or cold.
Fashion In the last years has run to cold
asparagus with a dressing of salt, pepper,
oil, vinegar and possibly a few finely
minced herbs to flavor.
In cooking asparagus not a scrap should
be wasted. While the tough, woody stalks
are absolutely impossible as a vegetable,
they will afford body and flavor . to a
cream of asparagus soup.
Tho French method f cooking aspara
gus is the correct one Cut off the tough
ends and bind the remaining stalks to
other In small bundles with strips of
muslin. Boll, standing ends upward, in
salted water, allowing the tops to extend
two Inches out of the water in order to
steam tender, instead of cooking to a
frowsy mass and wasting. Cook about
half an hour until tender and not broken.
Kemove the stalks from tho water, ar
range symmetrically on buttered toast and
serve with sauce of drawn butter. A still
more delectable sauce is made from the
water in which the asparagus was boiled.
Put in a small saucepan a level teaspoon
ful of flour and a heaped one of butter.
Heat until they blend, then stir In a half
cup of the asparagus water and the same
amount of rich cream.
An appetizing asparagus salad is made
of the cooked asparagus. After boiling
until tender in the manner suggested
above, drain well and chill. Put in a
salad bowl and cover with a French dress
ing made to suit the taste of the family.
A good proportion for most people Is a
half teaspoonful of salt, a dash of white
pepper or paprica, four tablespoonfuls of
olive oil and one tablespoonful of vinegar
or lemon Juice. Mix well and dress the
salad. If used for a dinner salad the
dressing can be made at the table. The
easiest way is to shake it to an emulsion
in a bottle.
An asparagus omelet is one of the de
lights of the season. Break four eggs
Into a bowl and whisk with a Dover egg
beater until light and foamy. Add four
tablespoonfuls of cream, a saltspoonful of
salt and a dash of pepper. Have a clean.
smooth omelet pan and melt in it a tablef J
spoonful of butter, letting It run ail over
tee pan. When hissing hot pour tho egg
mixture into it As it cooks, prick in
several places with a fork to allow the
uncooked portions to run under. Lift with
the fork until the whole is of a creamy
consistency. Have ready several spoon
fuls of cooked asparagus points mixed
with a little melted butter, a few drops of
lemon Juioe and a teaspoonful of chopped i
parsley. Spread evenly over the top of
r USES FOR CLOVER BLOSSOMS
THIS is the month when clover blooms.
Not only does every field fill the pass
ing "breese with Its clean.fragrant breath,
but country lane and roadside bear their
quota of clover which makes delightful
sachets for the linen closet.
If the blossoms are gathered before they
are ripe, they will ,hold their perfume for
months. Dry them In the shade until
well cured. The cachets may be made of
net or any thin fabric drawn up and tied
with narrow ribbons. Or take one of the
pretty Japanese handkerchiefs, fill tho
center with the dried flowers, gather the
four corners together and tie with ribbon.
Thetuj sachets are of convenient size for
placlng.among handkerchiefs or bed linen.
They will impart a delicate perfume, quite
as satisfactory as the lavender in which
the English housewife delights.
Brushes may be made of the clover
stems. Cut them Injunlform lengths, bind
them about the center with a cord and
bring the ends down together. This must
be done while the stalks are still pliant.
Then, bind about the top with another
cord, leaving a knotted loop for a hanger.
This may be hung in a coat closet, where
it will do muchto redeem the stuffy at
mosphere. A pillow of red clover blossoms will fre
quently afford relief in cases ot nervous
headache. For this a wash cover Is the
Clover salad, over which tho French
mother acted as chaperon and was .a ca
pable housekeeper for the family of eight.
A neighbor's boy did the rough work
and tended the garden, which supplied
fresh fruit and vegetables for the table.
Some of the pupils had their cycles, and
horses could be hired at reasonable rates
from the neighboring farmers. Fishing
and boating were enjoyed on a. pond at
tho foot of the hill, and the woods
abounded In wild berries and "speci
mens." Certain hours were set aside
for studying and coaching,' and nothing
was allowed to interfere with the work, J
When the flrst month was over, 'several
of the girls decided to remain longer arid
were Joined by other friends, and.
though "coaching" was abandoned,
mother and daughter made a substantial
sum from their summer boarders. This
year they will conduct the summer
school on a larger scale, and the farm
which hitherto had grudgingly yielded
enough to pay the taxes will now help
to put the girl through college.
Camping- In the "Woods.
Frequently girls of small incomes club
together and camp out in the woods of
Maine or other picturesque sections of
New England, living an outdoor life at
an extremely low figure, and gaining
strength to take up "coaching" during
the opening months of the school term.
Even a chaperon is dispensed with by
these strictly modern camping parties,
and they live as simply and frugally as
men do under similar circumstances.
But the Average self-sustaining college
girl is not satisfied with merely saving
her funds earned during the rest of the
year, and storing up strength to renew
tho fight. She wants to see a weekly
stipend coming in, and if anyone is will
ing to pay for the pleasure she Is quite
willing to play the part of -companion.
Busy, -wealthy parents who desire their
children to expand mentally and physic
ally during the summer vacation, and
perhaps to work on lines denied to them
during their childhood, prefer a collego
girl to a French governess during sum
mer. The French governess seldom gets
beyond book covers.
Working for n. Millionaire.
A Wellesley girl In search of summer
employment was requested by a mutual
acquaintance to call upon a millionaire
noted for his Iron-clad business methods
and a heart which was supposed to be as
hard. As she entered his office ho
curtly dismissed his stenographer and
turned to his caller, saying:
"Driving down to the station this
morning with ,my little girl, a leaf
dropped Into our carriage. It had on the
under side some queer little red things,
like tiny eggs, rough to tho touch. What
The college girl explained the larvae
the omelet, double dexterqusly and shake
out of the pan on to a hot platter.
As is fitting for a vegetable of ancient
and distinguished lineage, there are a
number of dishes designed especially for
the serving of asparagus. Among the
newest are platters of Kayserzlnn, with
broad rims and handles at the ends in
heavy floral designs. These are equipped
with a rack on four tiny legs. The Eng
lish have a combination asparagus rack,
tray and sauce boat made in plate and
In Germany the seed of asparagus 13
used as a substitute for coffee. The sup
plies como principally from the asparagus
fields of Brunswick, where waste seed is
For a Summer appetizer there Is nothing
to excel young onions or Bermudas, sliced
wafer thin, lightly salted and placed be
tween slices of fresh bread and butter.
It Is asserted that, taken dally, they will
prove more effective than any complexion
beautifiers In the market. If one Is afraid
of the odor, the onions may be laid In ice
water for an hour before slicing, and a bit
of parsley may be eaten after partaking
An excellent salad may be made by cut
ting new onions, cucumbers and lettuce
together and then dressing with a French
dressing. Onions and tender radishes
sliced anddressed with oil and vinegar
are appetizing. Callfornlans revel In a
combination of young onions and delicious
ripe black olives, which discount the Im
mature green fruit with which alone most
people are familiar.
The nicest way to cook young onions Is
to cook them tender in boiling salted
water and serve on slices of buttered toast
like asparagus. Season with salt, pepper
and a little butter.
Onion soup is wholesome and "tasty."
Slice two or three large onions and fry
until soft in butter or clarified drippings.
Add three tablespoonfuls of flour, and
stir until it is a little cooked. To this
add slowly a pint of boiling water, stir
ring until It Is smooth. Have ready three
potatoes, boiled and mashed, and add-tc
them a quart of milk just scalded. Put
the potato and onion mixtures together.
Let It get very hot and pass through a
strainer Into the tureen, which should also
be heated. Sprinkle over the top a little
parsley chopped fine and a few croutons.
To make scalloped onions, peel six large
onions and lay in cold water for a hour.
Cut In thick slices and put on to cook In
boiling water. Boll ten minutes, drain,
cover again with boiling salted water,
cook until they are tender but still firm,
and then drain. Have ready a pint of
cream sauce made like that which Is the
basis for toast, creamed fish, potatoes and
the like. It must not be very thick. But
ter a baking dish, put in a layer of
onions and one of the sauce sprinkled with,
bread crumbs. Then put another layer of
onions and so on till the dish is full.
Hake the last layer of the crumbs and
sauce with a few extra bits of "butter.
Bake in a quick oven till brown. ' A little
layer of cheese may bo used with each
layer of crumbs if desired.
grow enthusiastic, is made of the tender
blossoms of the pink and white clover.
The blossoms are arranged on lettuce
leaves and dressed with a French dress
ing. To make clover sandwiches, another
timely delicacy, put a pat of fresh butter,
protected by oiled "paper. In a basket, and
cover closely with clover. Let It remain
several hours until thorughly Impreg
nated with the .odor. Then spread evenly
on thin slices of delicate white bread 'a
day old. Press closely together and cut
Into strips or diamonds.
For the centerpiece of the dining table
at this season nothing can be sweeter than
a bowl of the pinky white clover blossoms
with a border of their own leaves. If
familiarity with them has heretofore bred
contempt or Indifference to their beauty,
a single trial will assure the manifold na
ture of their .ornamental possibilities.
Phospkor&s matches Prohibited.
For a year the use. of phosphorus
matches has been : prohibited in Sweden.
The new law has resulted In the -Invention
of a match by the engineers Landin
and Jernander which has been named the
"repsticken." or scratch match. It "will
j light against a wet surface- It Is said
j to be less poisonous than a safety match,
I The value of the diamonds in the United
j States Is estimated to be JSOO.Oto.OOQ, Of
this amount $170.O.003 worth are owned
by residents of New York.
CIIAttTRAX, THE PAINTER, FOUXD HIS SUBJECT MUCH TO HIS LIKIXG.
"When Chart ran painted the portraits of'Mrs. Roosevelt and her daughter be eald he found ailes Alice & subject much to his
liking. He admires American -women exceedingly, and. being- an Idealist, who does not disguise his subjects to an extent that
their friends are unable to recognize them, has tho reputation of bringing out their characteristics more fully than perhaps any
"To the artist," he says, "most women preeent two pictures what she Is and what she promises to be. "What she is we dis
cover accidentally through the medium of a gesture, through an unconscious movement, through tho expression of a thought when
the subject Is oft guard. Tho truth, howover. as a rule is not beautiful unless It Is Idealized. In America I -paint no profiles. I
make only one demand ot the women -who wish their portraits painted. I ask that they shall not dress In tho fashon. I plead for
drapery even it I have to- put it on myself ."
The portrait of Miss Roosevelt Is smaller than that of her mother. Just the head and shoulders. The picture Is striklnr' be
cause of the characteristic pcoe head thrown up and backward, revealing the graceful throat of the President's daughter. She
was painted in a girlishly made gown of white tulle, the one she wore at her debut at the White House.
A large bunch of violets Is the only ornament worn with this simple toilet. The background is the palo blue of a summer iky.
The portrait Is a fine example of Cbartraa's revelation of character, while producing a faithful likeness.
-'!'- - ...- 4
PASSING THE LOVE OF WOMEN j &ft&$3r
"I 1U If he do financially what he has
IE women more unselflish than men?
In some respects they are and in
other respects they are not. We be
lieve that there are more unselfish daugh
ters, wives and mothers than there are
sons, husbands and fathers, but the un
selfishness of men does occasionally sur
pass "anything that even the love of wo
men can produce. Mothers often get credit
for being more unselfish and loving than
fathers, when as a matter of fact their
love Is of a much inferior kind. A mother
will put all the disagreeable duty of cor
recting children upon their father, and
reserve all the petting to herself. And
yet surely If she act the part of a guard
ian angel, to whom tho children can run
when reprimanded by their father, this
selfishness does those whom she professes
to lovo great Injury. The children come
to regard their father as a family bug
bear, whereas what he does contrary to
the wishes of the child may be for its
permanent good, and show far more real
love than the weak indulgence ot its
Does anything pass or surpass the love
of women? Well, that of men occasion
ally but seldom does. Men will sacrifice
themselves- for their country and even
forcomparatlvcly abstract Ideas, but most
women think that this is an unpractical
thlng'to do. How often does materfamll
las oppose paterfamilias when he desires
to contribute work or -money to a cause
that will not bring Immediate grist to the
Some Famous Mbji's Love for "Wives.
It is not possible accurately to compare
the love of men and women, and to say
that one is greater than the other, but
this much la certain, that women do not
monopolise the grand passion. Men have
loved with a love its unselfish and as
warm as anything that women have felt.
Here are a few haphazard examples.
Poets are an Irritable race, and when
they are yoked to a matrimonial car some
of them are wont to kick over the traces.
Not so Robert Browning. If matrimony
has chains he literally kissed those chains.
After returning to London from abroad,
he would go to the church where he and
his wife had got themselves secretly mar
ried, and kiss the paving stones in front
of the door.
Very touching Is the history of the first
volume of Dante Gabriel Rossetti's poems?.
On the day of Ills wife's funeral he walked
Into the room where the body lay, carry
ing in his hand the manuscript of his
poems. Regardless of those present he
spoke to her as though she were still liv
ing, telling her that the poems were writ
ten to her and were "hers, and that she
must take them with her. He then placed
the manuscript beside her face In the
coffin, leaving It to be burled with her In
Highgate cemetery. The existence of the
buried treasure was mentioned with rev
erence and sympathy, "and something of
awe. Seven years later Rossettl, upon
whom pressure to permit Its exhumation
had constantly been put. gave a reluctant
consent. The Home Secretary's permis
sion was obtained, the coffin opened, and
the manuscript withdrawn and printed.
John bcott, wno necame iora tiaon.
when a briefless barrister ran away with
ADMIRES ALICE ROOSEVELT
and married the lovely Bessie Surtees,
whose friends wished her to marry an
aged suitor by the name of Sir William
Blackett. In numerous little thoughtful
ways he proved that his early deep devo
tion to his wife had never changed, and
even after her death several anecdotes
are told of his affection for her. On one
occasion he "visited his estate near Dur
ham, but could not summon courage to
cross the Tyne' bridge and look at the
house from which he took her in the
Springtime bloom of her girlhood. When
Invited to visit Newcastle, he replied:
"I know my fellow-townsmen complain
of. my not coming ;to see them, but how
can I pass that bridge?" Thei, after a
pause, ho added, "Poor" Bessie! If ever
there was an angel on earth she was one.
The only, reparation which one man can
make to another for running away with
his daughter Is to he exemplary in his
conduct towards her."
A Great "Warrior's Love.
' John Churchill, who became the great
Duke of Marlborough, was the terror of
the enemies of England, but he never said
or did anything that could for a moment
cause the somewhat trying Sarah, Duch
ess of Marlborough, to fear him. His love
letters to Sarah breathe love as devoted
as anything that women could feel. "I do
love and adore tou," he wrote In one,
"with all my heart and soul so much that
by all that is good I do and will ever be
better pleased with your happiness
than my own." It Is characteristic of the
man that he continued to write in the
same strain even when ho was married.
In a letter after the birth of his second
child ho wrote: "I am Impatient to have
you with me; do not lose a moment in
coming to him who adores you above his
own soul. I hope all the red spots of our
child will be gone against I see her, and
her nose straight, so that I may fancy it
to be llko her mother." Sarah went to
Margate to see him oft when he was
starting for Holland, and at the end of his
voyage he wrote: "It Is impossible to ex
press with what a heavy heart I parted
from you when I was at the waterside.
I could have given my life to come back,
though I knew my own weakness so much
that I durst not, for I should have exposed
myself to the company. I did It for a great
while, with a perspective glass, look upon
tho cliffs in hopes I might have had one
sight of -you." When Marlborough wrote
this letter he had been married nearly a
quarter of a century, When preparing for
his last campaign he wrote to the Duch
ess: "The greatest ease I now have Is
sometimes sitting for an hour alone think
ing of the happiness I may yet have of
living quietly with you. which is the great
est I propose to myself in this world."
The great American, General "Stonewall"
Jackson, was as steadfast In love as he
was In war. His first wife only lived 14
months after marriage, and he was so
prostrated? with grief that he had to travel
in Europe for a change. Three years af
terward he married another, who also be
came the sunshine of his house. If he had
professional or other perplexities, he dis
missed them on reaching his own door.
Within all was love; his sternest rebuke
when he saw anything unseemly being,
"Ah, that's not the way to be happy."
His letters to her run over, as it were,
with affection. He addresses her as his
"pet," his "sunshine," his "darling" and
his "littlo somebody," as if he would
wrap hr in a veil of mystery. An up-to-
date bride, whea asked &thec- weddtog if
she would "love, honor and obey." mur-
mured: "I will, if he do financially what
he has promised." Stonewall Jackson did
financially what he vowed to do. With all
his worldly goods he endowed his wife.
not in word only, but in deed and In truth.
When writing to her he did not put our
house, our garden, etc, much less my
house, my garden, hut your house, your
garden. Even the pay he drew he called
"your salary." The biographer of the late
itignt Hon. W. H. Smith thus writes
"Liove letters have been penned within
strange environments from dungeons and
garrets, and from Arctic wastes and tor
rid African sands; but surely none was
ever more tender or more true than those
written by Smith to his wife from the
treasury bench amid the din of debate or
the languor of obstructive talk. Here Is
an extract from one such letter written
in 1SS7: "I had a very nice letter from
the Queen, which I will show to you to
morrow evening, If, as I hope, I am able
to get down to you. And this must-come
to you as my first rreetlna- on the anni
versary of that happy day when web'e
came one. God has blessed us and we owo
very much to him, for all our trials have
brought us close to each other."
Fathers ana Their Children.
"In an evening spent with Emerson,'
says one who knew him, "he made one
remark which made a memorable impres
sion upon my mind. Two children of the
gentleman at whosa house we met were
playing in tho room when their father
said, 'Just the interesting age.' 'And at
what age.' asked Emerson, 'are children
not Interesting? "
To a man who has a head to think of
and a heart to feel for the possibilities
that surround childhood every age of his
children is interesting. Indeed, I have
'known fathers who were more ready to
give up ease and pleasure for the sake of
their children than were the children's
motners. u.ne latter regard ea them as
nuisances and interruptions to social en
tertainments, and by this unnatural con
i duct vexed their husbands not a little,
we know several fathers who are much
fonder of the society of their children
than are the mothers.
How very human and sympathetic
Luther was as a father may be sfen from
a letter which he wrote when absent at
the Diet of Augsburg, to his little boy,
aged 5 years. In it he brings down his
thoughts and theology to the child's com
prehension with charming naturalness. If
Hans continues to learn his lessons well
and to pray well his father promises to
bring nim a nice present. And If the boy
should get ill and die he need not be
afraid for his father knows of a pretty
garden In Heaven "where are merry chil
dren that have gold frocks, and gather
nice apples and plums and cherries under
the trees, and sing and dance, and ride
on pretty horses with gold bridles and
Of Lord Macaulay his sister said that
those who did not know him at home.
never knew him la his most brilliant.
witty ana xeruie vein, jr Macaulay';
thinking was sometimes in a low key. hi
action might put the saints to shame. He
reversed a practice too common among
men oi genius wno orten display shining
ana attractive qualities to the outsid
world and keep for home consumption
mean ess, setnsnness and ill-temper.
"Love and Courtship Zest sad -West.
described, and the man of stocks and
bonds listened attentively. Then he
asked why certain leaves showed one col
oring when the wind blew from the north
and another when it blew from the south.
In fact, he put the girl through a rapid
fire examination, watching her so nar
rowly that she thought he was an au
thority on botany. As abruptly as he had
opened the conversation, he tlosed it.
"I think you know what you are talk
ing about. I've never had time to study
leaves and flowers and outdoor life, and
It annoys me when my children ask me
fool questions I cannot answer. Teach
em all you know, but don't ram it in so
fast that they'll tire of4 It. Make it play.
Will $25 a week and your board at our
place be satisfactory? Very well. Good
The young woman spent a delightful
daty apartments and good 11 tartr i
summer, with servants at her command.
because sho knew botany, and pleased the
whim of a man who was willing to. pay
the price for having that whim gratified.
The mother and father were away much
of the time and the girl was practically
the. mistress of their beautiful country
Companroas to Petted Wives.
Another peculiar mission which came to
an undergraduate was that of compan
ion to a petted young wife and mother.
She was a city girl, whose one Idea of a
summer's vacation was the incessant gay
ety of a fashionable resort. But with the
coming of hef children, her husband In
sisted upon a summer home In the sub
urbs, and in turn his wife Insisted upon
having a young and entertaining compan
ion. Though she had the prospect of
much company at intervals, she did not
propose to be left alone a single day. A
vivacious college girl secured the position
for her. It paid well. The principal
drawbacks were the incessant repining of
the wife and the rather vapid guests en
tertained at her home.
A clever girl, with pleasing address and
a gift for inventing amusements, can se
cure employment at summer hotels in as
sisting the management to amuse the
guests. There are many summer holiday
makers who have no resources and must
be planned for like sov many helpless, pee-
visn cnuaren. xne ingenious gin arranges
the sailing parties, the clam bakes, the
private theatricals, for rainy nights, tho
euchres, and. If she plays and sings, is
always at the command of the musically
inclined. She works with the manager in
planning the big dances and securing fa
vors for the Germans. Her stipend de
pends largely upon her usefulness3 and
powers of attraction for women guests.
The girl who Is too attractive to men de
feats the purpose of her employers. Men
are too valuable at the summer resort.
too much in demand, to be wasted on a
YOUNG MEN AND THE CHURCH
THAT was an Interesting and Impres
sive sight when the whole assembly
nt ToiT tn ttnlunn with tliolt- CZnv-
ernor. bound themselves by a solemn cov
enant that they would not forsake the
house of the Lord their God "We will
not forsake the house of our God."
There is certainly great need of such
zeal for the church and the house of God
today. There Is special urgency for young
men. making such a holy resolution not to
forsake the church and the house of their
By church we do not refer to the mate
rial sanctuary, but the corporate do ay oi
believers in the Lord Jesus Christ. We
have in mind a spiritual temple builded
of living stones, a "holy temple In the
Lord." in which believers are "builded"
together for a habitation of God through
the spirit." Such a body of believers 13
an organized effort for carrying on the
work of God among men.
What is more- Important to young men
than their right relation to Christ and the
church? What scene Is more beautiful or
fraught with eo much interest to young
men, to the home, to the church and to
the country as the time of their recep
tion into the church7
Exalted as is the privilege and binding
3 is the duty ot membership In the
church, what privilege or duty is more
slighted by young men? The great ma
jority of young men turn away from the
church with almost absolute mainerence.
It Is stated that two-thirds ot the church
mmebership today are females, and that
for every young man in the church there
are two young women. Nonchurchgolng
young men are neither wiser nor better
for their ignoring the church.
In trying to answer for the estrange
ment of young men from the church,
same place tho cause with the church it
self. We often hear it earn that tne
church has lost its grip upoa the young
men. That may or may not bo the fault
of tho church; it is more ljkely to be the
fault of young men themselves. It would
be Just as proper and reasonable to say
that young men have lost their grip upon
the church, and this would be putting the
blame where In most cases It Justly be
longsupon young men themselves.
There Is a lamentable Ignorance among
young men as to what the church is and
the relation they should sustain to it.
They look upon the church as wholly of
man's planning and seem to think that
it is optional with them whether they
unite with it or not.
George T. Lemmon in the Eternal Build
ing gays: "You cannot be a man In the
full sense df the word, you cannot build
a character 'four-square to all the winds
that blow,' you cannot make of yourself
what the Eternal would have you, and
therefore what you have a right to be
come and what it should be your ambition
to become, unless you make use of the
provision of God for your good. Religion
Is not optional to manhood. There can
be no complete manhood without union
with Jesus Christ. "Unless your character
is upreared in obedience to these self
evident laws of your moral nature you are
building failure and not success." To aid
In this building of Christian manhood God
has given us the church, every temple
ot which should be 'a city ot refuge. To
surrender to God the human heart, which
Is the strategic point with young men In
life's battle, is only half the battle. To
attempt to keep one's self clean within,
means to provoke the enemy from with
out. A young man will need all the
human alliances possible that be might
win. Then how foolish for a young man
to remain outside the church on the claim
that ho can live a Christian life without
the church, that membership in it is not
essential to maintain Christian integrity.
that in doing so he is more liberal than
the church, which to him is too narrow
and bigoted. There can be found within
the pale of the Christian church no worse
bigot than that stamp of young man.
To carry out this same spirit In other
relations in life would subvert all moral
decency and law and bring about a reign
of anarchy. What would become of the
marriage institution it free love should
subvert It? What would become ot the
country In time ot war if her soldiers
should break away from all discipline
and resort to the tactics of the guerilla
and bushwhacker? This is the time when
emphasis is placed upon law and order
and discipline. This is the time for per
fecting organization; it is the day of
unionism. The country depends upon her
trained and disciplined soldiery to win
victories for the national arms. This is
safer for the soldier and better for the
country- in every respect. Now, why
sbonld a young mart wish to lead a Chris
tian life without the church, when God
gave It as one of his most potent allies?
Ii would be folly for a soldier- to expose
himself, when he could ngnt from nenind
fortfflcatloB, or to flgh-t agoo wbeo. he
paid employe. Some? girls make only their
board and a few Incidental expenses.
Others draw small salaries, which they
can augment by acting as correspondent
for city papers.
Waitresses Ih Saatr Set els.
In New England and the midwest States
college girls take positions as waitresses
in summer hotels, and, as hotel help Is
well paid, they lay aside a comfortable
nest egg for the fall term.
A Philadelphia girl, who traveled abroad
before meeting .financial reverses, com
pleted her college course by acting as
guide for rammer tourists, organising
parties of teachers. For this work she
not only utilized the information and ex
perience tshe had gained while traveling
with her parents,, but she studied routes
and maps, until she could conduct her
tours on the most economical plan. She
and her summers are spent In Europe at
the head of clubs formed among her pu
pils. The college girl who seeks jsummer era
ployment'must guard against adopting a
line of work which will lead hex from her
educational interests. A bright young
woman from Wellesley, possessed ot a
dainty but not brilliant singing voice, was
Induced bi well-meaning friends to loin,
the chorus of an opera company which
was giving summer productions.. Her sal
ary of $1S a week was alluring, and the
manager, seeing her pretty face and vi
vacity, promised better things. Today she
Is dancing in one of the leading Broadway
productions, all thought of her collego
course driven from her head. She may
score a brilliant success In her unex
pectedly found profession, hut musical
comedy Is hardly the best preparation for
serious dramatic work.
A Short Cat to Matrimony.
Summer employment for the college girl
sometimes proves to be the straight and
narrow path to matrimony and many a
career of learning Is stopped by Cupid ar
rayed In summer raiment. The college
girl is never treated as a servant or a
hireling In a well-regulated home. A cer
tain deference is accorded to her alma
mater, and she is thrown Into society
which other girls possessed ot the same
Income do not reach. Here she sometimes,
meets her fate, and the auestlon of how
to pay for next year's course is forever
settled. There is no next term at college
for this young woman.
The more desirable lines of summer
work cannot be secured through advertis
ing or consulting the high-grade employ
ment bureaus. They depend upon In
fluence and acquaintance. A girl should
open her campaign among her friends
early, and be frank with the authorities
of the college, who frequently receive ap
plications for summer "coaches," gov
ernesses and companions.
has comrades who are anxious to fight
with him. It Is, dangerous enough to
cross the desert or wilderness In com
pany, but what must the dangers be to
one who attempts to go it alone?
There are many pretended reasons why
young men do not belong to the church,
but the actual cause is their unwilling
ness to submit to the yoke of Christ,
their" fear of opposition, the unpopularity
of the church with the people of tho
world. The real out-and-out Christian '
young man never stops to argue the ques
tion of church membership; It Is to him
a duty which is far removed from tho
sphere of casuistry. It Is not so much a
question of self-interest as it is of an ex
pressed duty. He realizes that to refuse
to Identify himself with Christ and his
church Is to bring discredit upon his
cause. There is no alternative "He that
is not with irre is against me."
Nothing short of his open and public
enlistment will answer. We are told that
the verse most heavily underscored in
the Bible of the late Rear-Admiral Philip
a Bible which was much marked and
thumbed are the words of Jesus: "Who
soever therefore shall confess me before
men, him will I confess before my Father
which Is in heaven." "The owner of that
Elble publicly confessed his vital union
with the Christian chufch. Some young
men seem to act as if it were not good
form to profess to be as good as they
really are; they make this as an excuse
for not Joining the church; they dread
helng called a hypocrite. This is a kind of
modesty which Is not a virtue. It Is .said
of young Sherman Hoar, of Massachu
setts, who sacrificed his life for the sick
soldiers during the Spanish War, that he
would urge the young men at religious
conventions of his church to break away
from this erroneous notion and dare to
seem to be as good as they really were.
It was a saying of his, "Why- should you
not dare to be regarded as good as you
really are?" To temporize or comprom
Iso with your Christian calling means
moral Injury to yourself, great harm to
your friends and neighbor, and impeding
the great work of the- church. Christ
calls his followers to a positive life of
goodness which dares to be its best and
to do its best In all places and at all
The trouble is young men outside the
church are not ready to live a life of self
giving for others; they are as a rule lov
ers of pleasure moro than of God and
their fellowmen. No young man is ever
fit to become a church member until he
has become a follower of Jesus Christ,
the supreme hero of all ages. Having be
come such a follower, there are many
reasons why he should become a church
member. Dr. Josiah Strong says: "If the
church Is not what it ought to be, which
is true enough, then having become a gen
uine Christian yourself, enter the church
and help make It more genuinely Chris
tian. The practical question for you is
whether you are man enough to become a
genuine Christian man erough to give up
the meanness of selfishness for the gen
Don't be a religious tramp or a shirk.
Become a communicant In some branch
of the church. Tou are not so much dif
ferent from other folks but that you can
find a church modified to your taste, one
that Is wide enough, or strict enough, or
pure enough, or .sound enough. Rest as
sured that as long as you are so Imper
fect yourself you will never find a church
that is absolutely perfect on the earth.
Constantlne is credited with having said
to a self-conceited person, 'Take a ladder
and climb to heaven by thyself." The law
of nature that like attracts like Is as true
here as elsewhere. If you have the mind
ot the Master you will be drawn to those
of kindred faith for congenial fellowship.
Young man. God claims you! What wjll
you do with that claim? Own it and give
yourself to him and you shall attain the
perfect stature of a Christian man. "To
attain unto tho stature of the fullness ot
Christ." says George T. Lemmon, "is the
glorious possibility that Is within our
reach. Christ is God's ideal of a man;
and such a man as it is his desire to make
of you by your "surrender to his indwell
ing. The God-indwelt man Is the only
Christlike man. and the Christlike man. Is
the only perfect man. Tou must find God
If you would And your best self; you muet
live in God if you would live well; you
must be for God and for humanity- a
Christ continued in the world, or you miss
the high purpose of God concerning you.
You are deficient in manhood until you
become sufficiently transformed by the
Indwelling of love ta Image God to tha
If you desire to help bring about in tha
earth the kingdom of God, which alms to
make possible that brotherhood of man
for which we all pray and long, then work
with the church In the unexcelled spirit
of Jesus. Give yourself to the church in
such a way that you will enable it to ap
proach narer to its true character, and to
fulfill the upward movement of Its his
tory. Highly eetlmai tfetf church and
your relation to -it