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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
.THE SUHDAT OKEG0NIAU, PORTLAND", 3TJNE 14, 1903.
Kara George, "Who
THE rivalry of tlie dynasties of Obre
novich and Karageorgevlch for the
throno of Servla dates from the
struggle of the nation for Its Independence
of the Turks in the beginning of the 13th
century. Kara George was the national
hero, and he and his family have always
had their adherents. Just as the Stuarts
had long after they had been driven from
the throne of England.
The founders of the nation came from
the Carpathian Mountains of Austria and
settled in Servla in the middle of the sev
enth century. They originally occupied
both the adjoining Province of Croatia
and Servla, but the Croatian branch of
the tribe soon fell under the dominion of
Hungary. The Servians gradually extend
ed their power until their great King,
Stephen Dushan, conquered the whole Bal
kan Peninsula except a small 'area around
Constantinople and the present territory
of the Kingdom of Greece. He died in
1S5C, just as he was preparing for new con
quests, and his empire fell to pieces. The
rebellious Governors could scarcely unite
against the Turks and were utterly
crushed at the great battle of Kossovo In
18S9, by which almost the whole penin
sula fell under Turkjsh dominion. Some
of the Servian Princes were allowed to
retain power as vassals of Turkey until
the middle of the 15th century, when their
country became a Turkish province. The
Servians suffered all the tyranny of Turk
ish rule until the close of the ISth century,
not even being allowed to bear arms.
Xntiou Learns to KI?Ut A&nln.
The revival of the national spirit dates
from the war made by Russia and Austria
on Turkey from 1788 to 1791. Austria in
vaded Servla, gave the Christians arms
end enlisted them as volunteers in her
service. The war was ended by the
treaty of Slstova and Servla was ceded
b3ck to Turkey, and the Servian Tegiments
disbanded. But the Servians kept their
coveted arms. The Janizaries In Servla
rebelled against Turkey, and when the
Sultan ordered them to leave the prov
ince they joined forces with Passwan
Oglou, the rebel Pasha of Widdln, who
invaded Servla. A neVv Pasha was sent
to Belgrade and called on the Christian
Servians to take up arms in defense of the
province. This aroused the Indignation of
the Mohammedans, for It was the first
time the Sultan had used Christian forces
against Mussulmans. The Janizaries
were restored to Belgrade, murdered the
chief Servian officer and the Pasha, and
re-established their tyranny. The Chris
tians appealed to the Sultan, who threat
ened to send an army of "other nations
and creeds" against the Janizaries. Be
lieving that this meant the Christians,
they Organized a general massacre.
The survivors of the Servians fled to
the mountains and joined the Heyducs,
as tho robber bands were called, and or
ganized a counter-rebellion. They chose
as their commander-in-chief George Pe
trowltsch, called Czerny George in Serv
ian, Kara George, in Turkish, both pre
fixes meaning black. He was the son of a
peasant named Petrowni, and was born
at Topola in 1767. He had served with the
Servian volunteers In the Austrian serv
ice, and at the close of the war became a
dealer In hogs. When the troubles with
the Janizaries began he took to the moun
tains and became the most daring leader
among the Heyducs. Creasy, in his "His
tory of the Ottoman Turks," says of him:
"When the war of Independence broke
SIDE LIGHTS ON THE LIFE OF
THE thrifty landlord of a Madison
street boarding-house has discovered
a very effective method of protecting her
self from loss by reason of the unexpect
ed departure of any of her guests. It
eeems to be quite simple merely to
stoutly demand alleged unpaid rent on
pain of holding the trunks of the depart
Being In the nature of a fine for the
presumption to go away, the guests have
demurred vigorously, but having, as
usual with patrons of boarding-houses,
failed to take receipts for their payments,
they were helpless and obliged to sub
mit. Three or four of those who have
gone In the last few months ha-e been
women of more or less means, who,
though smarting under the imputation
of attempting" to bilk the landlady, nev
ertheless quietly paid the sums demanded
rather than face tho publicltly of a
The latest case, however, appears to be
one that may occasion tho clever boarding-house
keeper some trouble, the vic
tim being a lady of unusually determined
character. According to the story told
by her friends, she had for some time
been dissatisfied with her accommoda
tions, particularly during a short period
of Illness, when she felt she was treated
without consideration or kindness by the
Upon her recovery she sought a home
elsewhere, and prepared at once to leave,
falling, however, in her haste, to give
but one day's notice to tho landlady. The
latter promptly flew into a passion, It Is
said, and loudly demanded ?5 rent due.
The departing one Insisted that she had
not "stayed out" rental Already paid.
"But I'll hold yer trunks," shouted the
old lady, with a x'olley of abuse.
Whereupon the guest, afire with wrath,
hunted up a couple of brothers, and the
advice of a well-known firm of attorneys
was secured. The lawyers counseled the
payment of the money and the taking of .
a receipt therefor, iow they are said
to be securing evidence from similarly
treated guests, with a view to getting a
basis for an action fpr damages. Mean
while, the remaining guests are "getting
wise" and are careful to take receipts for
all payments to the landlady. Some of
the more indignant ones are preparing to
leave, though not without anticipating
THE fiery waters from the great state
of factions, feuds and ferocity had
stirred within him the spirit of dancing
and song. With voice of raucous reso
nance, he was accompanying himself in
a sort of fantastic cakewalk at a North
End resort the other evening. His tones
drowned the shrillest notes of the leading
"blondlned soubrette, and the bouncer
presently fell upon Mm and smote him
sorely, and threw blm through the swing
ing doors. There the cement sidewalk
received him, folding him flatly to its
soft bosom. While still viewing a poly
scoplc scene of stars, he was forcibly re
moved toy a policeman. Thq copper de
livered him over to the Jailer and the
Jailer introduced him to the Big Tank.
Many other prisoners were there, some
sleeping peacefully. The new arrival,
having recovered, himself somewhat,
again broke forth with that wonderful
voice, in a deep-sea chant:
Then good-by-y-y-e, my bcnnle roune gal.
We sail today, we're o2 so say.
We sail far away.
And we're bound fer Jtlo-o-o Grande.
He was interrupted by shouts and
curses, and his pride was touched. Ho
"Yez don't like me slngln'," ho growled;
yez haven't the soul fer music But
I'm not slngln' fer the Ukes of yez I'm
But his concluding Temark was a
"If yez don't like me voice yez can Jlst
git out o' this; I've got Jlst as much right
here as any of yez. anyway."
gg I S. COOPER, of Independence, is in
x3m the city." read- the city editor
from the cub reporter's copy. "You call
that a personal, do you? Well, It isn't.
tyMASTIES OF SERVIA
Drove Oat ,th& Turks and "Was Murdered by His Rival.
out he showed himself as eminent for skill
in command as for personal bravery in
action. He despised pomp and parade,
and in tho days of his highest prosperity,
when sovereign of Servla and of more
than Servla, he was always seen in his
old herdsman's garb and his well-known
black can. He was In general kindly dis
posed, but was easily Irritated and was
terrible in his wrath. He would cut down
or shoot an offender with his own hand,
and he made no distinction between friend
and foe, between stranger and kinsman.
But, though cruel, he was not vindictive,
and if he could be brought once to prom
ise forgiveness he pardoned with the heart
as well as with the lips. It is recorded
of him with truth that he shot his own
father and hanged his own brother, but
it ought to be added that he shot the old
man In order to prevent his falling into
the power of enemies who would have put
him to death with lingering tortures, and
that his brother, presuming on his rela
tionship with the commander of Servla,
had acted with violence and licentiousness,
which Kara George for a time overlooked,
but at length the young man committed
a gross outrage on the honor of a family
which complained loudly, saying that it
was for such crimes that the nation had
risen against the Turks. Kara George in
stantly had the offender hanged at the
door of the house and forbade his mother
to wear mourning for her son."
"Wins Servin'a Freedom.
The Servians aided the Turks to put
down the rebellion of the Janissaries, and
were then ordered to give up their arms.
In Amgust, ISOi. they sent a deputation to
St. Petersburg, asking aid. and received a
favorable answer. In 1S05 they sent an
embassy to Constantln6ple demanding
that the Servian fortresses be garrisoned
with Servian troops, and that arrears of
taxes be remitted. Their deputies were
arrested, and two armies were sent
against them. One attacked them on the
western border, on the Drlna River, and
the other on the eastern border, the Mo
rava River. With great rapidity, George
marched his army first to one border,
then to the other, and defeated both
Turkish armies. He captured Belgrade
and all the fortresses, and completed the
independence of the country In 1806. The
war which followed between Russia and
Turkey continued until 1811. when It was
ended by the treaty of Bucharest, by
which Russia practically returned the
Servians to Turkish dominion. The treaty
gave the Servians full amnesty," regula
tion of their internal nilalrn and pro
vided that they should be taxed moder
ately, and that taxes should not be
farmed, but paid directly to the sublime
porte. The. fortresses were to be occu
pied by Turkish troops. Tho Servians
had successfully continued their struggle
while Turkey -was occupied by the war
with Russia, and continued to resist the
surrender of their fortresses, but In 1S13
the Turks overran the country In over
whelming force, and George buried his
treasues and fled into Austria.
MllOHCli Kills XCnrn George.
The rebellion was renewed In 1S15 by
Mllosch Obrenowlch, also a swineherd,
but a man of entirely different type from
Kara George. He was a cunning In
triguer, Inspired by personal ambition as
much as patriotism. He dispersed tho
Turkish troops, but could not take tho
forts. The Sultan sent two armies against
him, but became alarmed lest the Holy
Alliance, just formed by Russia. Prussia
and Austria, should Intervene, and
stopped the advance on the frontier. Ne
gotiations were begun, and meanwhile
Mllosch remained ruler of Servla In fact.
Kara George returned in 1S17. but. on de
mand of the Turks, was seized and shot
Who is J. S. Cooper? What's he doing
here? Where's he -stopping in the city?
Those are some of the questions that
should be answered in your 'personal' in
order to make it worth while."
And forthwith the 'boss caused the of
fending item to be affixed to the bulletin
board .as an awful example of what a
"personal" should not be.
Years rolled by, and the cub reporter
became a veteran, yet the name of J. S.
Cooper, of Independence, was not suf
fered to liecome moss-grown in his mem
ory. From time to time the said Cooper
was "In the city," and the fact never
failed to be mentioned significantly by
some member of the staff to that re
porter. At last. In recognition of talent,
the reporter was gathered to New York,
where, on the staff of the American, ho
distinctly "arrived." He felt that finally
he had emerged from the J. S. Cooper
sphere of Influence. But recent rumor
whispered to the uttermost parts of the
earth that J. S. Cooper, of Independence,
was a visitor In the groat metropolis.
and the following dispatch yesterday was j
delivered into the hands of that New York
newspaper man. He read:
"Jas. Montague, American: Please an
nounce In your valuable paper that J. S.
Cooper, of Independence, is 'In our midst
The paper fell from his trembling grasp,
fluttering to the floor.
"Kismet." he muttered.
And straightway a vision of tho future
gloomed his hope of heavenly bliss. Well
be-crowned and harp in hand, he saw him
self picking clumsily away at his first
music lesson, when suddenly interrupted
by the advent of an angelic messenger
from the Pearly Gate. With a quiver of
anticipation, he read:
"Dear Sir: J. S. Cooper, of Independ
ence, is in the city. Yours truly,
OVERHEARD on a Washington-street
"Does this "
"Does' this car go to the park?"
"Why don't you answer my question?"
"Your fare, if you . pleaEe."
"Does this car go to the park?"
"Of course it does. Do you 'spose I'd
he askin for your fare If it didn't?"
"I don't happen to ' "spose anything
about you, my friend, except that you
are an ass. I don't want to go to the
park; I want Sixteenth, so let me off at
the corner, please."
A POLITICAL QUESTION.
Initiative nnd Referendum Under
the Federal Constitution.
To the Editor of the Central Law
Journal: In the issue of March 27 you
have an editorial calling attention to
the able article of Hon. Thomas A. Sher
wood on the "Initiative and Referendum i
Under the Federal Constitution" and in '
that article Judge Sherwood, page 250.
says, "and the courts, both of the states
and Nation, when such a constitution
breaking amendment or law bottomed
thereon were to come before them for ad
judication would be bound, under the oath
required by article 6 of the Federal Consti
tution, to declare such amendment, or the
law the outgrowth of such amendment,
null and void; and this for the reason that
an unconstitutional law, whether organic
or statutory. Is no law at all." It seems
to me that In said article Judge Sherwood
has Ignored the decision of the United
States Supreme Court in Luther vs. Bor
den, 7 Howard L which Is to the effect,
page 42, that The Constitution of the
United States, as far as it has provided
for an emergency of this kind and author
ized the general Government to Interfere
in the domestic concerns of a state, treat -ei
the subject as political In Its nature
and placed the power in the hands of- that
department. The fourth section of the
fourth article of the Constitution of the
United States provides that the United
States shall guarantee to every state in
the Union a republican form of sovera-
by Mllosch. The Sultan still Intended to
reconquer the province, but his attention
was diverted first by the Greek rebellion
and then by war with Russia. The treaty
which ended the latter war in 1829 recog
nized Servla as a self-governing princi
pality under Turkish suzerainty, to be
ruled by Mllosch, who was declared Prince
Mllosch proved a tyrannical ruler, and
the people forced him to abdicate in favor
of his eon, Milan, who died soon after,
and was succeeded by his brother. Mich
ael. The latter was forced to abdicate in
1S12, and the people called. Alexander, son
of Kara George, to the throne. In 1S59
the Obrenowlch party again gained con
trol, forced Alexander to abdicate and
recalled the ndw aged Mllosch. He died
after a reign of only one year, and was
succeeded by his son, Michael, who did
much to improve the country. A popular
rising In Belgrade in 1S62 was put down
by the bombardment of the city by the
Turkish garrison of the citadel, but in
1S57 the last vestige of Turkish rule was
removed by the withdrawal of this gar
rison. The Turks had already left tho
province, for they scorned to be ruled by
a Christian. Michael was assassinated
by emissaries of Alexander Karageorge
vlcs in IKS, but the restoration of the
dethroned Prince was prevented, and
Milan, a grandson of Ycpbrem, a brother
of Mllosch, hecame Prince. In 1S7G Servla
made war on Turkey In alliance with
Montenegro, but her armies were hope
lessly beaten. Russia enforced an armis
tice, and after abortive peace negotia
tions made war on Turkey In 1S77 as
champion of her Christian subjects.
Peace was made when the Russian army
was at tho gates of Constantinople, and
Servla was declared an Independent klng-
SCENE OP THE TRAGEDY.
Belgrade Occupies Commanding Fo
. sltlon on Branch, of River Danube.
Belgrade, the capital of Servla and the
scene of the murder of the King and
Queen and their adherents, occupies a
commanding position on the right bank
of the River Danube oposlte Semlln, In
Austria. It is built on the side of the
northern epur of the Avala Heights, on
tho summit of which Is the citadel. The
town was formerly built In three parts,
known as the Old Town, the Russian
Town and the Turkish Town, but under
the Kings these divisions have been grad
ually ' obliterated and the great actlvRy
in building since 1869 has extended it aloug
the aqueduct to the new suburb of
Tiralzla. Under Turkish rule the heights
wre crowned with mosques and minarets,
and when Turkey recognized the auton
omy of tho country. It was provided that
they should not be destroyed, but they are
gradually falling Into decay and tho city
Is growing more European and less
Oriental in Its aspect. It has passed re
peatedly from the hands of the Turks to
those of the Austrians and back again in
tho course of their frequent wars. The
citadel was captured by the Servians In
their war of Independence In 1806, but one
of the conditions of the Turkish
suzerainty was that It should be gar
risoned by Turks and this condition con
tinued until its final evacuation in 1S67.
The city has many fine buildings, includ
ing the palaces of the King and arch
bishop, the public buildings, a high school,
a normal school, a gymnasium, a theo
logical semlnaryt a military academy, an
industrial school, an ujjper school for
girls and a national theater. In the high
school building are a collection of nation
al antiquities and a fine library. The man
ufactures are cotton goods, carpets,
leather and firearms.
A BUSY CITY
ment and shall protect each of them
agalrlst lnvasfon; and on 'the application
of the Legislature, or of the executive
(when the Legislature cannot be con
vened) against domestic violence. Under
this article of the Constitution it rests
with Congress to decide what govern
ment is established in a state. For, as
tho United States guarantees to each
state a republican government, Congress
must necessarily decide what government
is established In the state before it can
determine whether it Is republican or not.
And when the Senators and Representa
tives of a state are admitted Into the
councils of the Union, the authority of
the Government under which they are ap
pointed, as well as Its republican charac
ter, Is recognized by the proper Constitu
tional authority. And Its decision is bind
ing on every other department of the
Government, and could not be questioned
in a judicial tribunal."
Under this decision, is not the question
a purely political one, to be decided by
the political agencies of the Government?
Why should Congress Interfere with the
restraints which the people of a sovereign
state see fit to put upon their Legislative
Assembly, so long as the state protects
life, liberty and property In accordance
with the principles of the United States
Constitution? Does the Initiative and ref
erendum amendment change a republican
representative government into a pure
democracy? No. It Is simply a check
which the people of a sovereign state,
wisely or unwisely, have seen fit to put
upon their Legislative Assembly. Yours
very truly, RALPH R. DUNIWAY.
Good "Work of Floral Committee.
(To the Editor.) The women of the
TRIPLE-WELL INKSTANDS, BLACK EL'EC- '
TROSE BASE Qx8K; PRICE $1.00, OR SENT
BY MAIL, POSTPAID, FOR $1.25. : : : :
fl-k 5SSIl " A-4-tsr
1 IIC iMIIItilll JldllUIiCiy LU. Washington
Cures Liquor, Opium and Tobacco Habits
The only authorized Keeley Institute in Oregon. Elegant quarters
and every convenience. Correspondence strictly confidential.
"We flo CroTtt and Bride W&rk -ariUicmt
pain. Our tG-years experience in plat
worlt enables sa to at your mouth comfort
ably "We have feelinr as wen as yes
Dr. TV. A- Wise, manarer. teas fouad a
at. "ray to extract- teeth absolutely with
out pain. Dr. T. P. Win is aa expert
at Gold FIIUex and Crows and Brldg.
Extraettag trt vrhts slate or bridges
DR. W. A. "WISBL
WISE BROS., Dentists mum c.Mwat.iu.
Oio erealEjra Ui 8, &uar Xros 9 ia 13; Or, 2U1& (.
floral committee of the Lewis and Clark
Centennial Club are deserving of great
praise for being wide awake to the com
ing event, and to the importance of adver
tising our city and state. They made a
most favorable impression upon the Pres
byterian excursionists. The floral com
mittee, consisting of Mrs. Cake, Mrs. Mor
gan. Mrs. Matlock and Mrs. Barnard,
bountifully supplied with Oregon's flowers
byjMrs. Bodman, Mrs. Royal and Mrs.
Fen ton and others, met them at Woodburn
and Oregon City, and to say that the
flowers and kindness were most highly ap
preciated by them Is drawing it mildly.
The ladies were supplied with Lewis and
Clark leaflets to advertise the fair. They
should have been supplied with beautiful
souvenir folders of Oregon's enchanting
scenery so nice that they would have
found a place in each home, thereby at
tracting the attention and commendation
of all callers. Cards from the Oregon Bu
reau of Information, their headquarters,
were also supplied. No better or more ef
fective advertisement can be conceived
than this plan of distributing leaflets and
Think of itl Only two out of all this
number of excursionists had ever heard
that we Intend .having a Lewis and Clark
Centennial. On arrival at the Union De
pot, no fewer than half their number
went to the rooms of the Oregon Bureau
of Information Inquiring for descriptive
pamphlets, which were kindly furnished.
All future excursions should be met by
the floral committee. There. Is no ques
tion but that Oregon's greetings by her
enthusiastic women, with floral offerings,
will create a most favorable and lasting
impression on the minds of all regarding
our state, city and lair. FLORA.
Portland, June 12.
This favorite steamer, thoroughly re
paired and renovated throughout, is reg
ularly on the Portland-Astoria route, leav
ing Taylor-street dock dally, except Sun
day, at 7 A. M.
Parties visiting Hot Lake should notify
the management In advance to be sure of
securing rooms. The new 518,000 bath
house is completed. Rates from $11.50 to
$16.50 per week. Including baths.
THE IMPERIAL LIMITED.
Thl3 Is the fast train placed in service
by tfie Canadian Pacific, making the run
from" ocean to ocean in four days.
(Formerly with Wright, Jeweler.)
GLASSES THAT SATISFY
Y O U
CORNER, SIXTH AXD ALDER.
j - . - . .
Offlce with White Sewing Machine Company.
If you are looking for a strictly high
grade piano, you will be sure to find It
If you are looking for a good piano at
medium price, you will be sure to And it
If you are looking for best piano value
for amount invested, you will be sure to
find It HERE.
Poor pianos we do not carry at any
Fifteen different makes of High
Grade Pianos over 50 different
styles. Do not fail to see them.
CASH OR SMALL '
Soufe Bros. Piano Co.
326 WanMnfftozi St., near Sixth. St.
i r 246..
I'Aone Mala 304,
DB. T. T. WIS3L
Always get the best selection. Now is the time to buy a
hammock. Stock of these goods is always bought care
fully, so as not to have any to carry over tonextyear. Best
colorings and styles are soon culled out.
Hammocks, 35x78, red and
gold, open weave, no rr
valence as shown l.UU
Carload of Roll Top Desks re
ceivedlastweek. These webought
at last year's price, which is 10 per
cent less than market You get
the benefit. Fine roll Aj- rr
H . E.
i- - - :
Our Semi-Annual STOCK REDUC
ING SALE for Stocktaking is now on.
No doubt you have profited by these sales in the past. Come early and get
first choice of ends of bolts of CHOICE SUITINGS, OVERCOATINGS
and TROUSERINGS that are reduced only because there's just enough left
for suit, overcoat or trousers and they must be closed out before stocktaking.
Remember,, money saved is money made and now is the time to
BUY AT SAVING
'Our high standard of fashionable tailoring is in no way diminished during
these sales and the PROFIT IS ALL YOURS, while we profit only by hav
ing our work of stocktaking simplified.
Suit and Extra Pants of same, or Striped Material, to order for $25
4 . Satisfaction Guaranteed in all cases.
Garments to Order in a day if required. ;
. Samplesi Mailed. Garments Expressed. ,
--. Cloth Sold by the Yard. . -
Remnants for-boys' pants that will interest the mothers of small boys.
108 Third Street
000 009000 000 000000000000
Hammocks, assorted colors, wide
valence, 36x80, pillow, o j-A
canvas weave o.ou
Prices are advancing all
along the line. By fall you
will be paying 20 per cent
more than our present prices.
We have a great stock bought
before the raise. Our friends
will get the benefit. Come
and look over the new patterns
All - Wool Ingrain Carpets,
sewed and laid per yard
191 FIRST STREET.
Hammocks 35 x 78, canvas
weave, assorted colors, nar
row valence and o o
pillow - .3
Hall Stand, seats and mirrors
in endless variety. Beautiful
Hall Seat, 3-6 long, quartered
polished oak, (not 1 n nr
like cut) 1U.UU