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THE SUNDAY OREGONIAN. PORTLAND. JUNE 14, 1903.
TRAVELEKS- CD IDE.
JEW AND CH-RISTIAN IN ACCCRD
SERMON BY REV. CHAS. G. DOLE, PASTOR OF FIRST
CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, JAMAICA PLAINS.
FIRST CORINTHIANS XII: 13.
Tor In one spirit -were we all baptized Into
one body, -whether Jews or Greeks, whether
bond or free, and were all made to drink of
one spirit. First Corinthians xll:13.
IT was an Interesting occasion -when, at
the recent opening ot the Semitic
museum at Harvard University, Jews
and Christians took part together In the
exercises, and especially In recognising
the generous gift of a large-minded He
brew merchant to an institution almost
wholly managed by Christians. We are
reminded at once of the number of re
markable utterances from prominent Jew
in appreciation of the character of Jesus.
These men are saying very heartily:
"Why should we not honor Jesus? He was
Burely a prophet of our religion. He rep
;esented its highest teachings.
The truth is that Judaism end Christi
anity were once one religion. The early
Christians at first thought of themselves
and were known to others as a Jewish
sect. They claimed that their faith was
in direct line of development from He
Drew prophecies. They no more wished to
go out of the mother church than John
"Wesley and his Methodist friends wished
to leave the Church of England. Indeed.
If at almost any time since the beginning
of Christianity Jesus himself, evidently a
Jew. could be imagined as coming back
to the earth, the only place where he
could have expected to find a welcome
would heve clearly oeen among his own
people. In their synagogs he would have
been at home, whereas in - Christian
churches he would have been a stranger,
with very possible risk to his personal
safety had he, according to his wont,
opened his mouth to teach?
Judaism and Christianity may be likened
to two rivers proceeding from the same
group of fountains among the same hills,
then turning in different directions, but
y-resently following with various windings
a somewhat parallel course, till at last
they approach each other as they are
about to empty into the sea. I wish to
show that Christianity is developing into a
large and beautiful form to which no
thoughtful Jew can tako exception.
The question is being asked from va
rious quarters. "What is Christianity T'
This happens to be the title of a book by
Professor Harnack. of Berlin. There are
two kinds of answers to be given to this
interesting question. One answer would
attempt to show what Christianity has
been In the course of Its varied history.
What have been the windings of its
course? What different directions has it
followed? What tributaries from other
sources have added themselves to its
movements? Into what great divisions
and sects has Its life passed? The other
nnBwer to our question concerns Itself
with the essence or spirit of Christianity.
This is the endeavor in Professor Har
nack'a remarkable boolc This is really
the only important and practical answer
to our question. It matters little, as we
soil up some great stream, to know pre
cisely where the waters around us have
come from or what kinds of earths and
impurities they bear along with them.
It Is enough that the river is constituted
of one great element, water, buoyant to
sustain our ships: It is enough to know
how to distill the pure and wholesome
water, freed from Its impurities.
If I may be allowed to change my figure,
wo may suppose brought together various ,
crude oils from the mineral wells of Penn
sylvanla or Texas or Russia. Our prob
lem Is to rid ourselves of tho crudities in
tho rock oils which separated them from f
one another, and by our new processes of, :
"refining to procure from all of them a
pure oil, suitable for universal use. In a
somowhat similar way we are now en
nbled, for almost the first time in tho his- j
tory of religion, to refine away tho :
crudities of different forms of faith and j
to procure a pure and universal religion.
Lot us seek now to ascertain what the j
great simple elements are which doubt-
less constitute the essence or spirit of
Christianity. The first of these elements
Is the idea of a humane or beneficent
God, as contrasted with the harsh and
cruel gods whom men have too often wor
shiped. The fact Is, It was never a seri
ous or practical problem whether or not
God wa3 threefold In his nature a ques
tion of pure metaphysics. The true ques
tion touched tho moral character of God.
Christianity has taught with Increasing
clearness, and never more clearly than
today, that the spirit or life of the uni
verse is righteous and loving, that in
some true sense he may be called the
father of our spirits. This also was the
characteristic teaching of the highest
Judaism. As opposed to the Babylonian
and Phoenician religions, which degraded
their worshipers, the Hebrew religion up
lifted and ennobled its people. Today
likewise good Christians and good Jews
doubtless worship one and the same God,
whose worship Inspires men and makes
A second element In pure Christianity
Is the idea of a divinity residing in man.
It has often been said that the doctrine
of the incarnation Is the central fact in
Christianity. Grant that this is true.
What is this wonderful doctrine? It de
clares that the life of God has revealed
Itself in human form. It was something
Sot a sensual world to believe that God
lias thus Incarnated himself in a single
man, Jesus, who might therefore be called
tho "Son of God." How vastly more is it,
when we have now come to believe that
wherever truth. Justice, humanity or lovo
shine in human faces there is God. in- '
carnate again and revealing his nature.
There is no Christian teaching moro pro
found or stirring than this, but it is also
pood Hebrew teaching. Jesus himself is
reported to have cited in defense of this
very thought the words from an ancient
psalm, "I haTje called you gods." More
over, this remarkable teaching of religion
tallies with the highest and latest revela
tion of science. For we have come to see
that, as a matter of fact. In every aspect
man is a child of tho universe. His body
Is constituted of the same elements which
shine in the fixed stars. His intelligence,
his consciousness, his sense of beauty, his
justice, IiIb good will, all shine forth as so
many sparks of the light, and the life of
the present spirit of the universe.
Again. Christianity has been pre-eml- i
nently a personal religion. There- is a f
piuman need that religion should reveal
'itself by examples. Historic Christianity
jjas umen uie paining example of one
man. Its founder. See In this one man
the church has said, both what God U
said. both what God Is
like and what man ought to be. And yet
In strictness men have never been able to
follow the example of Jesus. Every day
this literal following of him as lord and
kmaster Is obviously becoming impossible.
,No modern man can live precisely the
life Jesus lived. He practiced the Jewish
and Oriental customs and rites of his age.
We do not profess to know what these
customs and rlUs were. He seems to have
held the thoughts of a child of his period.
If we were able exactly to know what
those thoughts were they would probably
txi strange and Incongruous to us. No one
can be perfectly sure what Jesu6 answers
would bo to our moral' problems, as for
example, the wino question and our var
ious social and industrial questions. The
truth is that "the leadership of Jesus"
stands, even for those who most frequent
ly repeat these words, not eo much for the
single, historic life as It stands for a way
of life. Here Is a certain way or direc
tion in which Jesus doubtless walked.
But what a. mighty procession have
-walked in the same way! Grand Hebrew
prophets are in that way; Greek thinkers
and poets, Socrates and Sophocles and
Eplctetus are there; statesmen and lovers
of liberty. King Alfred and Lincoln, and
our own modern poets and prophets mark
tho same way. It is the way, not of one
person, it is full of noble personalities.
it was indeed a wholesome nu in the
traditional Christian preaching, when as
by the voice of one. Christ, the words
came to the ears of youth: "Follow me."
Is it any lesa noble challenge to the chlv- j
significance, whence the whole grand
chorus of the voices of the heroes and the
prophets, the sages and the saints those
of long ago, and those also whom we
have known and loved bid us: Come over
to our side and go with us.
In other words, while men need a per
sonal ideal by which to guide their lives,
all good men are coming to enjoy the
vision of a somewhat elmllar ideal of this
perfect life. Call It the "Christ-life" If
you like, but if you call It so, be quite
sure that it is more, and richer, and high
er, than any single life that was ever
lived. A myriad persons have contributed
to make It beautiful. Jesud" devotion, rev
erence, tenderness, sympathy, faith and
love re in it. But Jesut never "enjoyed
the life of the home. I mean that he was
not a husband or a father. He was the
subject of an empire, and had never to
perform the duties of free citizenship. He
loved nature, but how little ever came
Into his simple life of the Joys of music
and of art, and of the thrilling concep
tions of scleme? In our personal Ideal of
the perfect ,lfe. then, all the manifold
functions and activities of humanity are
"blended together. There is eomethlng for
the lover and. husband and father, thero
Is something for the artist, and for the
lover of truth, and the good citizen. The
whole is instinct with the spirit of good
will. There la also a personal Ideal for
the good woman. It waa to meet this
need that the ancient church shaped Its
doctrino of the spotless "mother of God."
Today Innumerable, good women have con
tributed to make this Ideal Illustrious. In
short, there Is a personal Ideal growing to
beauty, in the eoul of every human being.
It is the vision of all the highest possibll
ties which we are set to attain. Concern
ing the thought of this Ideal life there is
no possible issue between Jews and Chris
tians. Another element in the spirit of Chris
tianity is the Idea of sacrifice. The Chris
tian hero was on who renounced every
thing for his religion. The -"Christ" was
one who gave up all things, glory and
honor, to dte on the cross for love's sake.
The thought was that thero was some
thing of sorrow, pity, sympathy, suffer
ing with the pain of his children, in the
heart of the infinite Father. No one has
yet experienced religion according to this
conception who is not willing if need
bo to forsake all things, even life Itself.
We are coming now to see that this prin
ciple Is universal in all true life. There
is a deep law of cost and sacrifice. It has
been expressed in the words that we must
"die to live." Thps the scholar or lover
01 trutn must be ready. If the need comes, j
to give up all lower things and to risk '
his life for his truth. It Is the same with J
the artist, or inventor or discoverer. He i
must be ready to take hazards, and. like j
Columbus, sail on unknown seas, or, Uko J
Pallssy, offer up all his possessions for '
the sake of his art. It Is the same with
the lover, who does not yet love if he Is
not willing to venture all when love bids.
It Is the same with the honorable mer
chant. He stands ready to lose his for
tune and becomo a poor man, that he may
keep his honor unsullied. This has al
ways been the law of the patriot. He
must be ready to die that his country may
live. His manhood consists In his good
will to lose life, that is. the life of the
body, that he may fulfill the life of the
spirit. Now this marvelous law of sacri
fice was in Judaism before ever Christi
anity blossomed out from the parent root.
You find it In the story of Moses, praying
to be annihilated if God would give him
tho life of his' people. The same thought
makes tho music and the poetry of the
second Isaiah. The thought is here com
ing to consciousness that the sufferings of
Trinity Chapel. Nineteenth street, near
Washington, Rev. Dr. A. A. Morrison, rec
torHoly coramunltlon, S A. M.; morning
prayer, 11; evening prayer, 8; Sunday
school. 9:30 A. M.
St. Mark's, corner Nineteenth and Qulm
by streets. Rev. J. E. Stimpson. rector
Holy communion, 8 A. M.; second celebra
tion holy communion, with sermon. 11 A.
M.; evensong and sermon, 8 P. M.; Sun
day school. 9:15 A. M.
St. Matthew's, confer First and Caruth
ers streets. Rev. W. A. M. Breck In
charge Morning prayer and sermon, 11;
Sunday school, 9:45 A. M.
Calvary, corner Eleventh and Clay
streets. Rev. W. S. Gilbert, pastor Chil
dren's day services, 10:30 A. M.; service,
7:45 P. M., with sermon on I Corinthians
xv:58. Music by chorus choir Miss Mar
garet Lamberson. director: Miss Brown,
soprano; H. V. Milligan. organist.
St- James English, comer West Park
and Jefferson streets. Rev. J. A. Leas. pas
torChildren's day services, 11 A. M-.
short address by Student Walter I. Eck,
of the Chicago Seminary. Foresters of the
city attend services at 8 P. M. In a body.
Luther League. 7 P. M.. led by Miss Lulu
Norwegian. 45 North Fourteenth street.
Rev. J. M. Nervlg, pastor Services 11 A.
M. and S P. M.; Sunday school. 9:45 A. M.
Danish. Third and Glisan, Chris Hansen,
pastor Services 11 A. M. and 7:45 P. M.;
Sunday school. 10 A. M. Ladles Aid Soci
ety. Wednesday, 2:30 P. M.. at the home
of Mrs. A. Rasmussen, 760 Minnesota ave
First, Yamhill and Seventh. Rev. George
Croswell Cressey. D. D., pastor Sorxice at
11 A. M. Flower Sunday Dr. Cressey will
speak to the young people on "Education
Out of School." The Sunday school will
attend the service at 1L Regular session
omitted. Communion service at 1230, Dr.
First, corner Park and Columbia streets.
Rev. J. F. Ghormloy. D. D., pastor Ser
mon 10:30 A. M. on. "The Rls-3 of Knight
hood; A Study in Medieval Church His
tory"; sermon 7:45 P. M., "A Now Dec
laration of Independence." Special music
Professor George A. Wirtz, director;
Mrs. Viola Crawford, organist.
First, corner Twelfth and Taylor streets.
Kev- Alexander Blackburn, D. D- pastor
Children's day exercises, with addresses
' and special mustfe: 7:45 P. M.. fourth ser-
mon on JNew Testament unaracters"
"Matthew, the Business Disciple": 6:30
P. M-, young people's meeting leader.
Miss Mitchener. Sunday schools 8 A. M.,
Sa-vier-street mission, C. A. Lewis, super
intendent; 10 A. M University Park. W.
O. Haines, superintendent; 12 M-. home
school. Children's day exercises, with
church at 1030 A. M.; 7 P. M.. Chinese
school. W. L. Bartlett. superintendent.
Organist. Miss Grace E. Kemp; soloist,
Ml6s Mabel Johnson, with quartet. Uni
versity Park Sunday school. 10 A. M.; gos
pel services, 7:45 P. M.. conducted by
members of the First Church.
Immanuel, Second and Meade, Rev M.
M. Bledsoe, pastor Preaching 1030 A. M.
on "A Good Soldier"; Bible school. 12 M..
Will Hale in charge; young people's meet
ing, 0:43 P. XL: preaching 7:45 P. M. on
"Encouragements to the Soldiers In the
Army of Jesus Christ."
Y. M. C. A.
George A. Sanford, of New York, secre
tary of the Army branch of the Y. M. C.
A., in that city, will speak at the men's
meeting, 3:30 P. M., and tell about the re
markable work among the soldiers and
sailors. Mrs. J. W. Gillette will sing a
solo. For 'men -only.
First, corner Third and Taylor streets.
Dr. H. J. Talbott. pastor At service 1030
A. M. the Sunday school children will rcn
der a very interesting programme, which
1 has been prepared nnder the direction of
J Mrs. C N. Rankin. The church ha been
Ifl THE ClTCj CHURCHES I
the Innocent are never in vain; they pur
chase something. The evil of the world
Is overcome by good. The lives of the
brave and noble sufferers are always re
demptive; death itself is the gateway to
a nobler and larger life.
I mention one other great element In
Christianity. It is the element of en
thusiasm and infinite hope. There is in
it the prediction of limitless human prog
ress. There is always the vision before
men of new and still ampler life.- There
is hope of forgiveness for tho outcast and
the wanderer. Here Is the wonderful se
cret of the. vitality of Christianity in the
world. It has been a Gospel to the low
est races. It has made itself the religion
of the most active and energetic nations.
It has challenged men's energy and chiv
alry to help make Its ideals real. Espe
cially In Its doctrine of forgiveness of sin.
it has shown actual power to lift men
out of their meanness and selfishness.
Xbw this very element of enthusiasm and
hope, this faith in Infinite progress, even
the Idea of immortal life was at the heart
of Judaism. This Is not saying that all
Jews entered Into the heritage of this
splendid enthusiasm. How few Christians
have ever comprehended It! But the
great Jewish leaders saw the splendid vi
sion. Who has ever more graphically
stated the law of forgiveness than the
quaint Prophet Ezeklel? To every wrong
doer, says this early writer, lies open the
way of return to the highway of right
eousness. No rites, ceremonies, or sacri
fices are required. Let any man cease to
do .evil and begin to do good, and he is at
home again In his father's house. The
parable of the Prodigal Son only puts
this earlier teaching In more plcturesquo
form. Or, again, where will you find the
passages . that have stirred the hearts of
reformers more mightily than the great
words In Isaiah, or Hosea, or Amos? The
outlook Is ever toward a golden future.
The time will surely come, they all say.
when righteousness will win the rule of
tho world. The hope Is not for oc race
alone, but for the neighboring peoples
also, as In the prophecy of Jonah. The
thought Is here already coming to light
of a God whose children are all men who
dwell on the face of the earth. Judaism
surely never needed, more than to shake
off Its local superstitions. Its tribal ex
cluslvcness, and Its burden of ceremonial
ism and prlestllness, and to develop Its
central ethical and spiritual teachings in
order to become a missionary religion.
History shows that It was beginning to
be such a religion at the time of Chrlst
Thls tendency was almost necessarily
checked by the sudden expansion of the
freer daughter religion.
Let us summarize now the great ele
ments which we have seen to constitute
the essential or spiritual Christianity.
They are these: The humane, loving or
fatherly God. the thought and worship of
whom helps to make men divine; the idea
of a divine humanity, of God incarnated
in the life, not of one man alone, but of
all men who have once learned to love
one another;-, a personal leadership,
whether in the person or one beautiful,
reverent and lovable life, or richer yet.
In the way of a great procession of true
hearted, generous, devoted, loving and
lovable persons, stretching from the ear
liest times down to the very world in
which we are living today, and creating
by a multiform impression a beautiful
composite Ideal of a possible and prac
ticable human life, both imperative and
satisfying for every age and condition of
mankind; next, the law of coot or sacri
fice, through which, as Paul said, we must
all "die dally," or In other words, re
nounce and leave behind the lower things
in order to turn them over into the higher
values, must let go the round of the lad
der where we now are. in order to lUf
elaborately decorated by a committee un
der the supervision of Mrs.- 'Blaine R.
Smith. Servtice 7:45 P. M., with sermon.
German, Fifteenth and Hoyt streets.
Rev. F. H. Luecke, pastor Sunday school,
10 A. M.i preaching, 11 A. M.; children's
programme, S P. M.
First, Twenty-third street, near Irving
Services 11 A. M. and 8 P. M.; subject of
sermon, "Sacrament." Children's Sunday
school, 12:10 P. M.; Wednesday meeting, 8
P. M. Free reading-room Is open dally
from 10 to 5 and 7:30 to 9 at rooms 2, 3
and 4 Hamilton building. 131 Third street.
Second, Auditorium building. Third
between Taylor and Salmon streets Serv
ices 11 A. M. and S P. M.. with sermon
on "Is the Universe, Including Man,
Evolved by Atomic Force?" Sunday
school at close of morning service;
Wednesday testimonial meeting. 8 P. 1L
Free reading-room open dally from 10 A.
M. until 5 P. M.
First, Artisans' Hall, Ablngton build
ing. Third street, near Washington Ad
dress by F. W. Blohm, 11 A. M.; lecture
by Charles F. Goods on "Tho Orthodox
Hell." 7:45 P. M.
Grand Army Hall, corner First and
Taylor streets Services, 3 P. M.
. A. O. U. W. Hall-Lecture by Dr. J. L.
York, "tho Ingersoll of the West," 2 P. M.,
Berea Mission, Second and Jefferson
streets. Rev. J. H. Allen, pastor Sermon
10:30 A. M.. "Divine Sonshlp"; 7:30 P. M.,
"Where Is the Way Where Light Dwell
eth?" Men's Resort, C6 North Sixth street.
Rev. A. D. Soper, superintendent Evan
gelistic service, S P. M., conducted by
young men of the Christian Endeavor So
ciety; subject, "Gold or God?"
Immanuel, 247 Couch street Meetings,
3 P. M. and every evening through the
week at 8. Preaching by different evan
gelists. EAST SIDE CHURCHES.
St. David's, corner Belmont and Twelfth
streets, Rev. George B. Van Waters,
D. D., rector Holy communion In chapel,
8 A. M.; morning prayer and sermon, 11
A. M.; evening prayer and sermon, 8
o'clock; vested choir of men and boys;
G. Eseman, choirmaster and organist.
St. Paul's Woodmere Evening prayer
and sermon, 3 o'clock; Sunday school,
2 P. M.
Our Savldr. Woodstock Right Rev. B.
Wistar Morris, D. D., assisted by Rev.
W. R. Powell, will celebrate holy com
munion at 11 A. M.; Sunday school, 10:15
Good Shepherd, corner of Vancouver
avenue and Sellwood street. Upper Al
blna, Rev. H. D. Chambers, rector Holy
communion, 8 A. M.; Sunday school, 10
A. M.; morning prayer and sermon, 11
A. M.; evening prayer and sermon, 8
P. 1L; vested choir.
St. Andrews' Chapel, Peninsular, Rev.
H. D. Chambers in charge Sunday school.
2:30 P. M-; service and sermon, 3:80 P. M.
Second, East Ankeny and East Serenth
streets. Rev. S. C. Lapham. pastor Serv
ices. 10:30 A. M. and 7:45 P. Jfc, with
sermons by Rev. A. M. Petty, of Dixon,
CaL; Young People's Union. 6:45 P. M.
Music directed by E. E. Campston; Miss
Carrie Johnston, soloist: J. M. Bam ford,
organist. Mr. Petty will speak every day
throughout the week at 3 and 8 P. M.
Central, Woodmen of the World build
ing. East Sixth and East Alder streets.
Rev. William E. Randall, minister Bible
school, 12 M.. G. W. Wisdom, superin
tendent; young people's service, 7 P. M.,
Miss Shogren, leader; children's day pro
gramme, 7:45 P. M-
Centenary, corner of East Pine and East
Ninth streets. Rev. W. B. Holllngshead,
pastor Class meeting, 9:30 A. M. and 12:15
P. M.: preaching. 10:30 A. M., on "Des
i ourselves to the next round of our as- ;
j rent, and especially must alter the whole
: emphasis of our lives from the side of sel-
fishness to the side of social sen-Ice and J
beneficence; once more, we have the j
precious element of vital enthusiasm, of
boundless hope, victorious over death, and
constituting a gospel of good news for
bringing In the kingdom of righteousness.
I do not maintain for a moment that all
Jews, or all Christians comprehend these
great thoughts. I only claim that these
thoughts are the very spirit of Chris
tianity, and that they are all likewise at
the heart of the best Judaism. The best
Christians and the best Jews, the men
who stand for the progressive faith under
both names Join hands In the assertion of
these common principles.
But. some one may ask arc there not
certain rites and ceremonies, necessary to
Christianity, which bar good Jews away?
Here, for example. Is the rite of bap
tism and the communion service. To this,
I answer, that at least one well-known
and thoroughly recognized body of Chris
tians, the Quakers or Friends, make no
use of any formal ceremonies whatever.
No sect assuredly has manifested any
more nobly the fruits of the spirit. More
over, there Is an increasing number of lib
eral churches who, like our own, so far
as they use the time-honored customs of
Christendom, use them with a sense and
a wldeness of Interpretation which would
debar no Jew from fellowship In them.
Thus, our simple service of baptism, free
of fcvery word of dogmatic phraseology,
Is only bur glad recognition of a divine
gift In the lives of our children, and of
our duty and privilege in rearing them
into the likeness of the divine- Image.
And In the communion service, while we
commemorate as lovingly 'as one may
wish the life of the great friendly prophet
of Galilee, we also commemorate all
saints with him, and especially those
nearest and dearest, whose Influence on
our own lives has happened to be most
powerful and beneficent Neither do we
require any of our members who do
not find such services helpful td Join in
them: while we hold ourselves quite free
to alter their form at any time, or to omit
them altogether, provided we can find
moro serviceable means for developing
the spiritual life of our people.
But, some one may still urge, by way of
objection: "Do you think that Jesus
himself would call you bis friends If you
take his figure down from his accus
tomed pedestal of uniqueness and frankly
make him .one, however great, among an
Increasing line of masters and teachers?
I cannot conceive. I answer, from any
point of view with which you approach
the life of Jesus, that he should not wel
come with affection and honor those of us
who regard him in precisely the same
natural way as his own frlonds In Cap
ernaum and Bethany regarded him while
he lived with them. I cannot conceive
that he would not hold as his good friends
all men everywhere who love goodness,
and especially those who practice the
Golden Rule which he was accustomed to
teach. Would Jesus, in fact, be worthy
of any high place of honor whatever. If
he were capable of the narrowness and
bigotry of some of those who call them
selves by his name? Or, if he excluded
honest and friendly men from his com
pany because, if you please, they were
unable to express their faith in God In
tho precise words of a creed?
Let me add here, for the sake of perfect
clearness, that the faith which pro
gressive Christians are now developing Is
not In any respect dogmatic or exclusive.
So far as we use any forms of words to
express our thought, such words, unliko
the ancient creeds, are comprehensive and
tiny, Where?" service, 7:45 P. M., sermon
on "The Cost of Intemperance"; Junior
Bpworth League, 4 P. M.; Ep worth
League, 6:30 P. M.; Sunday school, 12:15
P. M. The children's day exercises will
be postponed one week.
Sellwood, Rev. C A. LewlB, pastor-
Sabbath school, 10 A. M.; preaching. 11
A. M., on "Zeal ; preaching, S P. M., on
Wesley and His Work"; class meeting,
12 M., E. O. Miller, leader: Junior League,
3 P. M.; Epworth League. 7:15 P. M.,
Miss Delia Campbell, president.
Bunnyslde, corner of East Taylor and
East Thirty-fourth streets. Rev. J. J.
Staub, pastor The regular hours for Sun
day school and morning preaching services
will be devoted to a most delightful chil
dren's day festival, to be given In the
auditorium of the church at 10:30 A. M.;
young people's service, 7 P. M., led by
Mrs. Helen Wilcox; service, 8 P. M., de
voted to rendering of sacred cantata,
"The Galilean," by the chorus choir;
reading in charge of S. C. Piper and B. O.
Mississippi-Avenue, Corner Mississippi
avenue and Tremont street 10 A, M., Sun
day school, J. H. Upham superintendent;
11 A. M., preaching service, sermon by
Rev. J. P. Farmer; 6:45 P. M., Young
People s meeting, led by Frank Tomlln
son; 7:45 P. M., Children's day exercises
by Sunday school.
Hassalo-Street, East Seventh and Has
salo streets. Rev. Charles E. Chase,
pastor In place of the usual preaching
service. Children s day exercises, 11 A. M.;
Sunday school. 12 M.; Y. P. S. C. E., 6:43
P. M.; preaching, 7:45 P. M.
TJnited Brethren In Christ.
First, corner of East Fif teonth and Mor
rison. Rev. W. G. Fisher, pastor Sunday
school, 10 A. M.; Endeavor, 7 P. M., ad
dresses by Colonel Robert Cowden. Na
tlonal lecturer of the Sunday School
Association. 11 A. M. and S P. M.
First, corner Twelfth and East Taylor
streets. Rev. E. Nelson Allen, pastor-
Sermon by Rev. L. P. Marshall, D. D., of
Franklin, Ind., 10:30 A. M.; special
musical service. 8 P. M., with sermon ap
proprlate to the occasion; Sunday school.
12 M.; Junior Endeavor, 3:30 P. M.; Senior
Endeavor, 7 P. M.; prayer service Thurs
day, 7:45 P. M.
First, corner East Tenth and Sherman
streets. Rev. L. Myron Boozer. pastor-
Sermon at morning service by Rev. Adolf
Blttner, student at Berkeley, Cal., on
"Our Highest Motive"; evening. Women's
Missionary Society will render Interesting
programme under direction of the presi
dent, Mrs. L. Santer.
Corner Kerby and Fargo streets. Rev. J.
Bowersox. pastor Children's day services;
address 11 A. M."; programme S P. M. by
the children; Sunday school, 10 A. M.; K.
L. C E.. 7 P. M.
First English, corner East Sixth and
Market streets. Rev. G. W. Plumer. pastor
Services 11 A. Jl. and 8 P. Jt; Sunday
school and song service, 9:30 A. M.; Junior
Alliance, 3 P. M.; Young People's Alliance
devotional service, 7 P. if.; prayer meet
ing Wednesday, 8 P. M. Rev. N. Shupp
will preach on Friday evening and hold
the, first quarterly conference after the
Scandinavian Evangelical, corner East
Grant and Tenth streets. Rev. O. Hagoes,
pastor Services, 10:45 A. 1L; no evening
services; Ladles' Aid Society at Mrs. P.
Olsen's, S20 East Seventh and Market
First, East Couch and Eighth. Rev. W.
F. Small, pastor Services, 11 A. M., with
sermon on "The Law of Meekness"; Sun
day school, 12:1a P. M.
Rodney-Avenue, -corner Rodney avenue
and Knott street. Rev. Albyn Esson. min
isterMorning subject, "Missions, the
Heart of Church Life"; evening. "Ground
of Our Justification": Bible school. 9:45 A.
M.: Christian Endeavor. " P. M.
represent Ideals too high and great for
words. We do not venture to profess that
we adequately comprehend the great
thoughts which we have characterized as
making the essence of Christianity. They
are above us. The ultimate facts always
baffle our definitions. The great words
merely serve to show the direction in
which we seek to climb. Unable ourselves
to exhaust their significance, we make no
complaint of those who for various rea
sons find themselves unable to express
their own faith In any words of ours.
It Is enough If they and we move In tho
same direction,' if we share a common
spirit of friendliness and good will. If we
may work together for great humane
ends. It was never more true than now
that he who strives to do the will of God
shall learn at last to know the doctrine.
But, again says the voice of some ob
jector, we fear that you are leaving noth
ing distinctive In your Christianity. Has
Christianity ever lived, then, I reply, by
reason of the distinctions, the eccen
tricities and the Impurities, which have
made its various sects peculiar? Was the
spirit of Christianity ever comprised in
those doctrines which honest men were
compelled to forswear? Is there any
slightest evidence that Jesus himself was
the kind of teacher who laid stress on'the
accidents, and not on tho realities? The
fact Is. and for the first time in history
this fact is becoming possible, that the
distinctive thing In, the Christianity of
which we have been "speaking is its purity
from all peculiarities that once separated
men Into sects.. The world waited for ages
before It was able tp use the marvelous
gift of Hs rock oil by means of the new
processes of Its refinement. So with rare
exceptions the world has had to wait till
it could learn to refine Its Christianity
from the crudities and superstitions by
which men have mostly known It, and to
use at last the pure oil in tho lamps of its
worship. There never was, and there is
not now, anything so truly distinctive of
Christianity as its spirit of love. Who
ever has love has vital Christianity.
Shall we go on then, using the old
names. Christian and Christianity, when
once we have discharged them of all
those superstitions or supernatural ele
ments which men have commonly asso
ciated with them? Suppose that In the
historical sense we have advanced beyond
the line with which Christendom has gen
erally limited the meaning of Its names.
Nevertheless, we maintain that none have
Burer right to use the nime of a thing
than they who understand the difference
between its substance and Its shadow.
Names, indeed, are constantly shifting
their meaning. The word Christian" has
changed Its meaning as often as the river
has bent in its course. From the earliest
times It has been more or less dimly rec
ognized that he Is a good Christian who
has "the spirit of Christ." In all Its
noblest examples Christianity has been
essentially an ethical religion and has
stood for a certain ethical typ of life.
We take hold on this early and deeper
meaning, we bring it to the front, we
hold that it is the only memlng for which
the growing world of thoughtful men can
have any possible use. Not that we care
very much about names, by th side of
realities, but we find In these great and
time-honored names very precious as
sociations which lead our way. We find
these names convenient and usable, once
freed from all outgrown dogmatic Issues,
to express precisely what we mean. We
do not Insist that everybody must use
them. We see how often they have been
Injured. What a task It will be to teach
the millions of China what Christianity
is. In the face of the barbarous travesty
which so-called Christian nations have
perpetrated before that people! We can
not wonder that our Jewish neighbors may
be long shy of the Implications which
generations of suffering have carried with
them, regarding the Christian name. When
all has been said, we still know of no bet
ter names than these same much abused
historic words. Christian and Christianity,
ns representing the mightiest thoughts,
dear to good Jews and Christians alike.
and Illustrated In all ages by splendid ex
amples. Find us better names for our
common faith and we will use them forth
Finally, thero seems to be a certain point
which men reach as they grow in the
good life, where, as If ascending a moun
tain peak from different directions, they
see the same point. The chasms and the
crags which once separated them are now
deep below. Seen from above all these
objects look small In the distance. The
higher the climbers ascend, the closer they
come together. They breathe the same air,
they see the same view, they recognlzo
each other's faces, they go one way, they
are brothers. So at a certain height of
religious experience men of every faith
recognize In each other the children of the
heavenly Father. Whatever language they
use. they understand each other, they hold
the universal religion, and ono love binds
TIIA VKL.EK3 UUITJUL
Ticket Office 122 Third St Phone 6
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About Jane 27.
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Steamer LEONA. for Oregon City, leares
allr 8:30. 11 "JO A. M.. S and 6:15 P. M.
Leaves Oregon City. 7. 10 A. M.. 1:30. iiM
pi M. Round trip 25c
DOCK FOOT OK TAYLOR STREET.
Oreges shos Main 40.
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3 TRAINS to the East DAILY
Through Pullman standard and Tourist sleep-lC-cars
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Uiurtst sleeping-car dallr to Kans&s City;
m.awuu j-uuoia loanat sjepmg-cars (persos
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Clt, St, Louis and Uemphls: reclining chair-
U-MO.N UEI-OT. Arr.
CHICAGO-PORTLAND 9:20 A. M. 430 P. it.
SPECIAL. DaUj. Dlly
yor tb Eat vu Hint-
SPOKANE FLYER. 8:00 P. ii 7:36 A. it.
ton. "Walla Walla. Ltrr-
Uton. Cocur d'AIent
and ot. Northern point
ATLANTIC EXPRESS i:J5 P. H. 10:30 A. X
fnto. VU HU3t" DlT- DaUx'
QCBAJt AJfD RIVER sCHEDULK.
FOR SAN TRAN CISCO s:oo P. iL 5:00 P. OL
Bteamjr Go. W. EJd.r, From
V 21- Swam- Alaska,
?5 Slu.?b,a' Jun8 k.
18. 20. AlnaTTQTth dock.
For ASTORIA and war 3:ix P. II. 5:00 p. at.
polata. connecting -with Dally ex. Dallr
teainer for Ilwaco and Sunday. except
ortn Beacn. ateamar Saturday. Euadax.
Haiaalo. Aih-t. dock. 10 P. U.
Tot BALKM. CcrrallU siondayaf1" bIcP. V,
and war polaU. ateam- Wednead&r Tuesdari.
r Ruth. Ash - street Friday. Tharedays.
no- twafr permitting) Saturday.
! For DAYTON. Oreioa 7:00 A. M. S:CO P. It
City and Tamhlll River Tuesday. Mondays,
points, steamer Hlmore, Thursdays. Wednesday
Ash-street Dock. Baturdays. Fridays.
For LEWISTON. Ida- 4:0ft A. M. About
7 J7 -&-" Dallr 5:00 P. It
from Rlparfa, Wash., except Dally ex.
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TICKET OFFICE. Third and Washlagtoa.
Talephoc Mala 712.
PORTLAND & ASIATIC
For Yokohama and Uong Kong, calling at
KObSL NsraaaV inH )i..,hil flrSr
rta connecting steamers for Manila, Port Xr-
Inn. .... Tn. jtt
I2DRAPURA SAILS ABOUT JUNE 23
"or rates and full Information call on or ad
drca officials or agaau ot O. R. & K. Co.
lue aalem, iumc
Burg. Astujind, bc
tia. Francisco. Mo
lav , u AJigei.
4 Pao. haw Or
icaiu and t-a Kiit.
lurnlng lruq. con
accu at woodbura
oaily oxcpt bua
wlta iraia ii
tuunt Asg-i. al
wrtoa. U r o w a -
1 1 1 . tvrmgll-ld.
f eodllag ua
Albany paase&ger .
Conneota at Wood.
S:30 P. M.
7:40 A. M.
7:00 P. XL
4r00 P. 3L
10:10 A. M.
mra with Mt- Aa
Cl and aUvartoa
114:30 P. M. I Sheridan passenger.H3a8 A. M-
"Dally. 'Daily except Sunday.
POTLAND-OSWEGO SUBURBAN SERVIC3
Leave) Portland duly tor Owio at 7:30 A.
M.. 12:40, 3:06. 3:25, 5:S?. 0:25, 8:30. 10:14
P. M. Dally except Eanday. 4:20. 6:20. 8:33.
loafi A. K.. :09. ll:SO p. M. Saadar slr
3:00 A. M.
Baturslax from Oswego, arrive Portland dally
3:30 A. MT. 1:55. 3:03. 4:35. e.15. 7:38, :5.
11:10 P. M. Dallr except Sunday. 6-25. 7:35.
-30. 1030. 11:45 A. M. Except Monday. 12:3
A. K. Sunday only, 10:00 A. M.
Leave from same depot for Dalles and latao
zaedlate points dally except Sunday 4:00 P. M,
Arrive Portland 10:20 A. M.
The Independenca-Monmouth motor line oper
ates dally to Monmouth and Alrlie. connecting
with 8. P- Co.'s tralas at Dallas and Inde
peadence. First-class rebata tickets oa sale from Port
land to Sacramento and 8an Francisco; net
rat. 317.60: berth. 35. Second-class fare. 313,
without rebate or berth; secoad-claas berth.
Tickets to Eastern points and Europe. Als
Japan. China. Honolulu and Australia.
CITT TICKET OFFICE, corner Third aad
tCasblngtoa streets. Pboae Main 712.
Puget Sound Limited .for Ta-
coma. Seattle. Olrrcpii,
South Bend and Gray
Harbor points 8:30 an 5:30 pm
North Coast Limited for Ta-
coma. Seattle. Spokane.
Butte. St. Paul. New York.
Boston and all points East
and Southeast 3:00 pel 7:00 ara
Twin City Express for Ta-
coma. Seattle. Spokane.
Helena, St- Paul. Minne
apolis. Chicago, New York.
Boston and all points East
and Southeast...... 11:45 pm 7:00 prfi
Puget Sound-Kansas Clty-
St. Louis. Special, for Ta-
coma, Seattle. Spokane,
Butte, Billings. Denver.
Omaha, Kansas City. St.
Louis and all points East
and Southeast .. 8:30 am 7:00 ara
All trains dally except on South Bend braaco.
A. D. CHARLTON. Assistant General Pas
senger Ageat. 255 Morrison st.. corner Third.
For South -Eastern Alaska
LEAVE SEATTLE. 9 P. II..
Steamships COTTAGE CITY,
CITY OF SEATTLE, or CITY
OF TOPEKA. Jane 4, 8, 12.
16, 20. 24. 28; July 2.
Steamers connect at San
Francisco with company's
steamers for ports in Cali
fornia. Mexico and Humboldt
Bay. vFor further Information
nht&ln folder. Right Is reserved
to chagTtea-mers or dates.
pZ iVe ncom:.,PEORGE W. AN
DREWS N W. Pass. Agent. Ticket offlces 113
?.m it ind 4fc Seattle. San Francisco
Tickrt Cm V New Montgomery st. C D.
DUAin? Gn. Pass. Agent. San Francisco.
Astoria & Columbia
River Railroad Co.
For Maygers, Rainier,
Clifton. AJCorta. War-
renton. Flavel, Ham
mond, Fort Stevens,
Gearhart Park. Seaside.
Astoria and Seashore
700 p. to.
9:40 p. ta
E. it LEWIS. '-'
Coram.-1 Agent. 28 Alder i
Pfcea Mala 90s.
J. C MAYO.
. G.T.& P. A..
Hot a. darlc office la the TmlldluKj
absolutely Hreproofj electric lights
aad artesian -water perfect sanita
tion atnd tboroHgh -ventilation; ele
vators na day aad. alsat.
ANDERSON". GUSTAV. Attorney-at-Law..812
ASSOCIATED PRESS- E. L. Powell. Mgr.SOtf
AUSTEN. F. C, Manager for Oregon and
Washington Bankers' Life Association of
Des Moines. Ia... 502-503
BAAR, DR. GUSTAV, Phys. and Surg..S07-80S
HANKERS LIFE ASSOCIATION OF DES
MOINES, IA.; F. C Austen. Mgr 502-503
BENJAMIN. R. W.. Dentist 314
BERNARD G., Cashier Co-Operatlve Mer
cantile Co 212-213
BINSWANGER, OTTO B., Physician and
BOGART, DR. M. D., DENTIST. ....... -705
BROCK, "WILBUR F.. Circulator Orego-
BROWN. MYRA. M. D... 313-314
BRUERE. DR. G. E.. phys.... 411-412-413-414
CAMPBELL, WM. M., Medical Refereo
Equitable Life 700
CANNING, M. J 602-C03
CARD WELL. DR. J. R., Dentist 506
CAUKIN. G. E., District Agent Travelers
Insuranco Company ........ ..713
CHICAGO ARTIFICIAL LIMB CO.; W. T
Dickson. Manager 001
CHURCHILL, MRS. E. J 718-717
CLINTON, RICHARD, state manager Co
operative Mercantile Co....v ...212-213
COFFEY, DR. R. C. Surgeon .405-4WJ
COGHLAN, DR. J. N. 713-714
COLUMBIA TELEPHONE CO 615-816
CONNELL, DR. E. Da WITT. Eye, Ear,
Nose and Throat..... 813-614
CO-OPERATIVE MERCANTILE CO.; J. F.
Olsen. Gen. Mgr.; G. Bernard. Casnier..212-13
CORNELIUS, a W.. Phys. and Surgeon. .206
COLLIER, P. F.. Publisher; B. P. McGulre.
DAY. J. G. & L N ...318
DEVERE. A. E. 403
DICKSON, DR. J. F.. Physician 713-714
EDITORIAL ROOMS. Eighth Floor
EVENING TELEGRAM 325 Alder Street
EQUITABLil LIFE ASSURANCE SO
CIETY; L. Samuel. Mgr.; G. S. Smith.
Cashier . 305
FEN TON, J. D., Physician and Surg. .500-510
FENTON. DR. TUCKS C. Eye and Ear... 511
FENTON. MATTHEW F., Dentist 601
GALVANL W. H., Engineer and Draughts
GEARY. DR. K. P.. Phys. and Surgeon 408
G1ESY. A. 3.. Physician and Surgeon... 709-710
GILBERT. DR. J. ALLEN. Physician. .401-403
GOLDMAN, WILLIAM. Manager Manhat
tan Life Ins. Co. ot New York 2U9-210
GRANT. FRANK S Attomey-at-Law....U17
GRISWOLD & PHEGLEY, Tailors
,131 Sixth Street
HAM MAM BATHS, Turkish and Russian..
HAMMOND. A. B 310
HOLLISTER, DR. O. C, Physician and
IDLEMAN, C. M.. Attorney-at-Law. .416-17-13
JEFFREYS, DR. ANNICB F.. Phys. and
Surgeon. Women and Children only 400
JOHNSON, W. C- 315-316-317
KADY, MARK T., Supervisor of Agents,
Mutual Reserve Life Ins. Co... 605
LANE. 1L L-. Dentist 513-514
LAWBAUGH. DR. E. A 804-805
LITTLEFIELD. H. R.. Phys. and Surgeon.. SOS
MACKAY, DR. A. E., Phys. and Surg. .711-712
MANHATTAN LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF
NEW YORK; W. Goldman. Mgr 209-210
MARSH. DR. R. J.. Physician and Surgeon
McCOY, NEWTON, Attorney-at-Law 715
Mcelroy, dr. j. g.. Phys. & sur.701-702-703
McFADEN. MISS IDA E.. Stenographer. . .201
McGINN, HENRY E., Attorney-at-Law. 311-12
McGUIRE, 3. P., Manager P. F. Collier.
McKENZDS DR. P. L., Phys. and Surg.312-513
MBIT. HENRY 21S
MILLER. DR. HERBERT C, Dentist and
Oral Surgeon 608-009
MOSSMAN. DR. E. P., Dentist 313-514
MUTUAL RESERVE LIFE INS. CO.;
Mark T. Kady, Supervisor of Agents. 604-605
NICHOLAS. HORACE B.. Attorney-at-Law.716
NICHOLS. THE DRS., Phys. & Surgns. 606-607
NILES. M. M.. Cashier Manhattan Life
Insurance Company, of New York... 200
NOTTAGE. DR. G. L, Dentist, 609
OLSEN. J. F., General Manager Co-Ope ra-
tlve Mercantile Co 212-213
OREGON INFIRMARY OF OSTEOPATHY
OREGONIAN BARBER SHOP; MARSCH
& GEORGE. Proprietors.. -.129 Sixth Street
OREGONIAN EDUCATIONAL BUREAU:
J. F. StrauhaL Manager 200
PACIFIC MERCANTILE CO.; F. M.
Schwartz. Agent 211
PAGUE, B. S., Attoraey-at-Law. . 518
PORTLAND EYE AND EAR INFIRMARY
Ground Floor, 133 Sixth Street
QUIMBY, L. P. W., Gams and Forestry
REED, C J.. Executive Special Agent
Manhattan Life Ins. Co. of New York... 209
REED, WALTER. Optician.. .133 Sixth Strett
RICKENBACH, DR. J. F.. Eye, Ear, Nose
and Throat 701-702
ROSENDALE. O. M., Metallurgist and
Mining Engineer - 316
RYAN, J. B., Attorney-at-Law 515
SAMUEL, L., Manager Equitable Life.. 306
SHERWOOD. J. W., State Commander K.
O. T. M 017
SMITH. DR. L. B., Osteopath 400-410
SMITH. GEORGE S., Cashier Equitable
STOLTE, DR. CHAS. E., Dentist... .704-705
SURGEON OF THE S. P. RY. AND N. P.
TERMINAL CO 706
SUPERINTENDENT'S OFFICE.. 201
TUCKER, DR. GEO. F.. Dentist 610-811
VESTER. A., Special Agent Manhattan
WENDLING, DR. ROBT. F., Dentist 705
WILEY, DR. JAMES O- C. Phys. & Sur.70S-9
WILSON. DR. EDWARD N., Eye, ear, nose
and throat 304-305
WILSON, DR. GEO. F Phys. & Surg.706-707
WILSON. DR. HOLT C Phys & Surg.507-60S
WOOD. DR. W. L.. Physician. .411-412-413-414
Offices may Be bad fey applying; to
tke saperiBteBdeat of the b nil dinar,
room 201, second Joer.
iyr KO CURE
ITILM MO PAY
THE MODERN APPLIANCE A positive
way to perfect manhood. Tho VACUUM
TREATMENT cures you without medicine of
all nervous or diseases of the generative or
gans, such as lost manhood, exhaustive drains,
varicocele, impotency, etc Men are quickly re
stored to perfect health aad stresgto. YVnts
for circular. Correspondence cooftdeatlal.
THE HEALTK APPLIANCB CO.. rooms 47-41
Safe DepeU ball ding. Seattle, Was.