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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
PAGES I TO 12
VOL. XXII. NO. 22.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 31, 1903.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
ADDS IB TERROR
Fire Joins the Flood
MANY LIVES DOOMED
North Topeka Will Be
HEOPLE TAKE TG P.
Cries for Aid Can Be Heard
for Half a Mile.
HUNDREDS GIVE UP IN DESPAIR
Rather Tlinn De Bnrncd to Death,
They Drop Into the Water to Be
Drowned Ten Thosxand Peo
ple Are in a Death Trap.
HOMELESS BY FLOODS.
Topeka - S.000
Interior Kansas towns 3,500
Kansas City and vicinity...... 2,500
Des Moines 6,000
Other Iowa points 1,000
j Total 20,000
TOPEKA, Kan., May SO. Fire has
added to the horror of the great flood
now prevailing here. Four hundred
houses In North Topeka were burned this
afternoon, and that whole section o the
city Is doomed. As near as can be learned,
150 people are dead, -roost of them being
burned to death. A request- fot aid has
been sent to the Kansas City fire depart
ment. It -Rill be met, but' the condition
of the railroad tracks prevents any fast
The -whole central portion of North To
peka had been burned out at 10 o'clock
tonight, and It Is safe to say by morning
not ahouse Mill be left standing. "When
it is stated that North Topeka has 10,000
Inhabitants, the extent of the disaster
can be calculated. The people are climb
ing to the roofs of houses and the limbs
of trees, and many are giving up in
despair and dropping into the water be
low to be carried away by the swift cur
rent. It is death by fire or drowning of
200 people unless means can be found for
tho rescue. Great efforts are belDg made
to construct a steam launch to go to the
aid of the sufferers, but whatever is done
must be done promptly or the loss of life
will be appalling. A pontoon bridge is also
Floating Houses Start Fires.
Burning bouses are floating about, set
ting fira to others. The lower story of the
burning buildings contain ten feet of
water. The current Is so strong that no
1 oat can approach any of the burning
icaildlngF. Hundreds of people are gath
ered on th tops of Louses, and the cries
for help can be distinctly heard a mile
away. The whole city Is wildly excited
because of the fact that no aid can be ex
tended to the sufferers.
The river at North Topeka Is five miles
wide. No jwssible estimate of the finan
cial loss can be stated. It will run into
North Topeka was the manufacturing
district of the city. Three large flour
mills, three woolen mills and other man
ufacturing establishments are entirely de
btroyed. The water supply of the -whole
city has been cut off. The water from
the river extends nearly a mile on the
couth 5lC The Rock Island depot has
had to be abandoned, and more than 500
people on this ldc of the river are also
homeless, but no loss of life has resulted
In South Topeka. The Kansas-avenue
bridge is the only one across the river for
miles, and the approaches to that, bridge
are flooded by SO feet of water.
Seven Thonxond Already Homeless.
Bevpn thousand or more peoplo are on
this side of the river sheltered In public
buildings and in the homes of citizens.
Topeka is now able to take carepf all
the unfortunates. The work of oaring
for the refugees is being pushed with ihe
utmost rapidity. Standing on the State
house dome, as many as SO fires' .can be,
counted In different parts of North' To
pcka.g A. P. Baldwin, who at a great risk to
J.is life crossed in a boat to the North
Eide. returned at 10 o'clock tonight, and
jeports thot nothing possibly can be done
to save the city from burning.
Business in Topeka was practically at
e standstill today because of Memorial
day, and most of the stores were closed
tho greater part of tho day.. The flood
and the condition of the sufferers took
the attention of everyone, to the. "exclu
sion of everything else. An army of msn
were engaged in the relief work, and It
would be idle to attempt to place an .es
timate on the Immense number rescued
by their efforts.
Oakland, a suburb, flvo miles northeast
of Topeka, is deserted. The -people began
Jawing at 2 o'clock this afternoon after
having been warned by the City Engineer.
Another Rise Is Coining.
An unconfirmed report from "Warn ego
and Manhattan, -west of Topeka, says an-yj
other rise is coming down the Republican
and Blue Rivers. If this is true, the situ
ation here will be greatly Intensified. Fire
Chief AVilmarth says the fire on the east
side of Kansas avenue In North Topeka
is rapidly taking the remaining buildings.
The fire is going toward the wind, and
this will serve to check its progress, but
there is so much burning wreckage float
ing about that the destruction of the re
maining houses Is regarded as certain. It
Is reported that two boats loaded with
people were swamped and that a dozen or
more were drowned.
Shorey, another suburb of Topeka, is
now inundated. The Jackson schoolhouse
shelters 100 people. They entered the
building before the water became so high,
and now they cannot escape. The build
ing is on slightly raised ground, and If no
further rise takes place the prisoners may
be rescued. They are now standing on
benches, the water covering the floor
several feet deep. The Harris elevator
also shelters 50 persons. The water is
now so high that it is rapidly spreading
out over the country north of Topeka.
At midnight earlier estimates of the
number of dead are confirmed by refugees
coming to the city. In the darkness and
rushing water no bodies can be recovered,
and the dead will not be counted until the
flood abates. All energies are concentrat
ed on rescue and relief, and it is Impos
sible at this time to even attempt to make
up a list of the missing.
At 2 o'clock this (Sunday) morning rain
has been falling for two hours, and this
has a tendency to check the Area In the
REFUGEES IX PITIABLE SHAPE.
Magnitude of Disaster Dnmbn Sen
sibilities of Many.
1 TOPEKA, Kan., May 30. It was piti
ful to note the condition some ot ine
on the South Side. Mothers with little j
ones held firmly In their arms sobbed i
with nervous dreaa, while they shivered
and shook with cold. Most of those who
came over were quiet, and some of them
were entirely self-composed. In the case
of many of them it eeemed that the
magnitude of the disaster and the trou- j
bles through which they had gone had
numbed their sensibilities. They were
crushed by the wfeight of the catastrophe.
The pontoon bridge failed to scare any
of them. After what they had been
through, It was a wonderful delight to
find footing again, even If it did sway
and sink at times under the water.
"When the rainy night made its wretched
advent in North Topeka, the clouds over
that part of town reflected ehades which
made it look as though bushels of fire
works were burned on the North Side.
Had it not been for the fact that the
wind all day, blew steadily from the
North, most of ' the buildings -across the
(Concluded on Second Page.)
THE fi DEEDS LIVE
Memory of Brave Dead
Honored by Living.
FLOWERS FOR VETERANS
Dedication of Monument In
Lone Fir Cemetery.'
TO SOLDIERS OF FOUR WARS
Grand Army Leads in. Bcantlfnl Ob
servance at Graves of Dead Com
rades Vast Throne Assembles
at Each Bnrlal Place. '
AXCES. 0 A M. Details of Grand Army and
.-Woman's Belief Corps go to cemeteries
and strew flowers on graves of dead
veterans. Veterans of Mexican, Indian
and Spanish Wars Join la same observ
ance. 2 P. M. Grand Army, Mexican. In
dian and Spanish "War veterans march
to Lone Fir cemetery.
3 P. M. Dedication of soldiers' monu
ment In Lone Fir cemetery.
A monument of granite rising In the
Lone Fir cemetery recounts the story of
yesterday's observation of Memorial day.
It tells its story of the sacrifices of the
veterans of the Mexican and subsequent
wars. From the simple Inscription vet
erans gathered about the redestal read
tho tale of the conquest of the "Western
country and the battles for the Union.
All that Memorial day meant to the sur
vivors of the Civil "War was explained by
tho 3haft of granite dedicated yesterday,
and all that It means -to the present gen
eration was explained by the flowers that
covered nearby graves.
Memorial day was observed yesterday by
THAT MARKED THE
the veterans of four wars. There were
those in the crowd, of celebrants who had
served the government In the Mexican
War, the Civil War. the Indian wars and
the conflict with Spain. Men who had
borne arms In defense of the Union in the
earlier contests were not active In their
participation. In the trips to the ceme
teries and the halls where ceremonies
were held, they rode in carriages, but. in
spirit they were of the mo3t enthusiastic
All Graves Are Decorated.
The graves were decorated early yes
terday morning. Details from the differ
ent Grand Army posts bestrewed flowers
upon the mounds that marked tho resting
places of the participants in the wars for
the extension and preservation of the
Union. People ot the city who have
friends and loved ones resting in the
"cemeteries about Portland joined the dele
gations from the Grand Army posts and
Relief Corps and showered roses and
early flowers upon their graves. Memo
rial day to such meant a remembrance of
friends and. when the later .ceremonies
were held, the burial places were covered
with floral offerings. At all the grave
yard's the flower-offering ceremony was
observed, but at Lone Fir cemetery the
most profuse offerings were made. Over
practically all of the graves flowers -were
itrcwn Irrespective of the fact that many
had not been members of the armies of
the Republic But the spirit of Memo
rial day went beyond this circumstance,
and surviving friends decorated the
graves of their lost ones.
The principal ceremonies attendant upon
the observation of Memorial day were
conducted at the Lone Fir cemetery. In
the main they were of a simple charac
ter. Music of a patriotic nature was
given, and the speeches delivered tended
to keep alive the spirit of patriotism.
Parade of Grand Army.
A simple parade preceded the services
at the cemetery. The veterans- belonging
to the Grand Army posts at Portland
marched from their halls to the ceme
tery, preceded by the Letter-Carriers'
Band and attended by members of the
"Woman's Relief Corps. The Grand Army
posts of th3 "West Side paraded across
the rlverj from the hall at First and Tay
lor, and were joined by the posts on the
East-Side, marching to tho cemetery and
reaching that place at 3 P. M. A roped
area kept out the public and enabled the
veterans to gather about the monument
to be unveiled In memory of the veterans.
A dirge, the "Wayslie Chapelt" rendered
by the Letter-Carriers' Band, was the In
troductory feature of the programme at
the dedication ceremonies. The rituals
were read, tho "Star-Spangled Banner"
was sung, a male quartet sang "Let the
Dead and the Beautiful Rest," and Mr.
and Mrs. J. S. Hamilton gave several mu
sical numbers. Then D. Soils Cohen deliv
ered the address of the day, "saying;
Address by D. Soils Cohen.
In one of the most beautiful of Biblical
allegories, the prophet Ezekiel Is trans
ported In spirit to the valley of bones.
He hears a voice asking: "Son of man,
can these bones 'live?" And he answers:
"Thou, God, alone knowest." Then the
voice commands him to prophesy to the
bones that they come together, that
sinews grow upon them and flesh adhere
to them and skin cover them, and. behold
the semblance' of roan, the .body physl-
(Concluded on Ninth Page.)
OBSERVANCE ?EMORIAI. DAY IN PORTLAND. ' v
WILL RUN WELL
Hermann's Majority Wili
Be About 2500.
LIGHT VOTE- IS EXPECTED
Democrat Can Win Only in
REST WILL ELECT REPUBLICAN
National Aspect of the Election To
morrow in First Congressional
District Has Overcome Objec
tions Offered to Candidacy.
Total pluralities for Hermann... 2000
Democratic pluralities In Jackson and
Linn Counties may reduce Hermann's
plurality to 2500, or even a little less.
The Indications are that-the vote in the
election held tomorrow In the First Con
gressional District will be. light very
light In some counties where neither Her
mann nor Reames have been able to Are
the voters with the desired enthusiasm.
Following every poll tical precedent, the
Democrats are full of hope, and except In
one or two counties obviously Hermann-
Ized the Democratic chairmen are issu
ing frequent prophecies which all predict
the ex-Land Commissioner's defeat, and
vary only In the size ot the plurality
claimed for their own candidate.
Leaving these buoyant prognostications
aside, and dealing only with the Indica
tions of the public pulse as observed Jy
The Oregonlan's correspondents In the
various county seats of the district, the'
probability seems to be that Mr. Her
mann's vote will exceed that of Mr.
Reames by about 2500.
In Jackson County Mr. Reames may
very possibly win. To lose hi3 home
county is truly an electoral disaster for a
congressional candidate, and Mr. Reames
has spared no pains to avoid It. In Linn
County also the Jacksonville Democrat
who -would sit In the halls of Congress
may win. but If so, it will be by a scant
margin, and one that will not go far
toward offsetting the certain and mate
rial losses which await him elsewhere.
The voters of Josephine County are very
evenly divided, and while the Republicans
there express an undiluted confidence in
their ability to roll up .a majority for Her
mann, their confidence Is admired, but
not freely shared, by their fellow-laborers
In more northern fields.
And with the mention of these three
the catalogue of counties wherein it is
possible that Mr. Hermann may lose
Marion and Lane and Clackamas will
return Hermann a harvest of perhaps 1000
votes for the political .seed the Republi
can leaders, have sown -there in this cam
paign, while la the remaining counties the
fact that Hermann Is running on the
Republican ticket overcomes, many of the
minor objections -which have been urged
against him, and insures his success.
Lack of Interest Will Make the Vote
- "Very Light.
CORVALLIS, Or., May 30. Special.) It
is considered certain that the vote in
Monday's election will be very light.
Only a slight Interest is manifested among
the voters. The normal Republican ma
jority in the-county-is 200. Chairman Den
man, of the Republican committee, esti
mates that there will be no falllng-off In
the normal -majority. Chairman Davis, of
the Democratic committee, predicts Re
publican losses possibly sufficient to wipe
away three-fourths of the usual majority.
The apathy makes all estimates uncer
tain. DOUGLAS COUNTY.
Hermann .Will Have Safe Majority in
ROSEBURGr -May 30. Special.) Esti
mates on the election in this county vary
widely. Probably many will fall to go to
the polls. Hermann's plurality is esti
mated at between 100 and 300. Some say
Reames will hold the county even, while
others claim Hermann" will have 400 or
even 00 plurality. Many Republicans wllL
National Aspect of Election Helps
OREGON City, May 20. (Special.)
"While Hermann will lose votes In Clacka-
' (Concluded on Pape X)
BUMPED IN SEA
Four Cars Go Over
FORTY PEOPLE HURT
Rails Spread on South
ern Pacific Track
SOUTH OF SANTA BARBARA
Seriously Injured Are Taken
to That City.
EVERY D0CT0RIN TOWN ON DUTY
One "Woman Has Both Her Arms So
' Badly Crashed That They Will
Have to Be Amputated at
SANTA- BARBARA. Cal., May SO.
Overland passenger train No. 22 was de
railed at a point about ,a mile south of
Rlncon at S o'clock tonight. Four cars
plunged down an embankment 40 feet
high, two of them partly submerged in
the sea; about 40 people were Injured,
some of them seriously. Many sustained
broken bones and were badly bruised. A
woman named Mrs. J. C. Smith had both
her arms crushed so badly that they will
have to be amputated at the shoulder.
A special train -which left the city at
8:30 o'clock returned at midnight with
(Concluded on Page 3.)
CONTEiNTS OF TODAY'S PAPER.
Flood la Middle West.
Fire adds to the horror of the situation at To
peka. Page 2.
North Topeka, is doomed; and 10,000 people ara
In a veritable death trap. Page- 2.
Six thousand persons are homeless la Iowa.
Page 2. i
Nebraska rivers are still rising. Page 2.
Bepresentatlve Payne- says the next Congress
will not revise the tariff sor pass any laws
against the trusts. Page II.
Senator FalrbanKs announces that, he will In
no wise be a candidate for President! - Pagt
Colonial" Secretary Chamberlain will retire if
his trade preferential policy is defeated.
Russian Minister is charged with promoting
the Kishlnef massacre. Page 3.
Russia, will enforce its Manchurian,- policy, de
spite China's refusal to grant the demands.
President Roosevelt makes a 65-mile trip Is
Wyoming on horseback. Page 3. '
Criminal charges which could be placed
against G. W. Beavers, the deposed postal
official, may bo outlawed. Page 6.
-Washington, D. C, observes Memorial day on
.a more elaborate scale than, ever before.
Reliance again defeats Constitution and Colom
bia. Page 10.
Portland Rowing Club Junior four defeats Uni
versity of California .crew. Page 14.
University of Oregon defeats Multnomah in
track and field. Page 14.
Scores of Pacific Coast League: Portland T, 3.
Seattle, 4. 4; San Francisco 14. Oakland &'r
Los Angeles 7, 8, Sacramento 6. S. Page '10.
Scores of Pacific National League: Portland' 1,
11, Tacoma 3, 6; Spokane 5, B, Seattle 4, 4;
Butte. 7, Helena 6; Los. Angeles 9, 9. San
Francisco 5, 2. Page 30.
League magnates exchange compliment. Page
Hot shot for President Hart and Pacific Coast
League. Page 25.
Millionaires play la cross e. Page 28.
San Francisco electric car rams loaded cab la "
car, injuring about CO. Page 4.
"Wife and. mother of Jphrt C Breckesridge. of
California, contend for- control of demented
man. Page A . . v
Destruction of Baker City electric light plaat,
leaves town in .darkness. Page 4.
Memorial day is very generally observed
throughout the Northwest. Page. 5.
Debt of Willamette University has been raised.
Portland and Vicinity. '
Memorial' day observed by decoration pt graves
with flowers. Page 1.
Dedication of soldiers' monument in Lose Fir
cemetery. Page 0.
Bridge and ferry questions, to be voted on Moa-,
day. Page 11.
Dr. Nixon addresses grandchildren of his old
pupils, at Lents school. Page 9. ,
Columbia scenery photographed from 'a-; fiat-,
car, going at full speed- Page 8.
Mrs. -Wisdom's view of kidnaping- of her daugh
ter. Page 24.
Organization of State Commission of Lewis ami
Clerk Fair completed. Page S. '
Featares and. Departments.
Editorial. Page 8.
Classified" advertisements. Page 18-21.
Church announcements. Page 2ZT
To the Bridce of the Gods. Page 33.
The man who named Guild's Lake. Pace 23.'
Bllzabeth in her new Oregon home. Page 4.
A Yankee under the stars and bars. Page" 38.
Public opinion on the Whitman quest! os. Page'.
"Why my photographs are bad." Page 18.
How Brooson Howard writes his p lays'. . Psgs
Mr, Carpenter's letter. Page 34.
Soclal page 28.
Dramatic and musical. Pages 26-27.
Fashions and household. Pages 36-37. " - -Youths'
department. Page X- . , .i i
Aie'z faMe. Pace 36.