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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
PAINTERS TO STRIKE
Two Hundred and Twenty
Union Men Will Quit Work.'
WANT $3.50 FOR .DAY'SiWORK
Twenty Contractor Slcn the Xerr
Scale, "Which ibe 30O Painters
Are Determined to. rut
4. ,j . Effect.
Two hundred and twenty union paint
ers will not eo to work Monday. They
were formerly employed by members of
tho Master Painters' Association, which
has steadfastly refused to pay the union
scale of J3.S0 a day.
This statement Is given officially by
Charles Ward, president of the union.
Twenty contractors have signed the scale,
and the men employed by these contract
ors will not be interfered with. At the
special meeting; of the Painters' and Dec
orators' Union last evening the signing
of the 3 contractors was reported, and
e former determination to work for
no thine' but the union scale again re
Tho Painters' and Decorators' Union
has practically 300 members. Of these
more than throe-fourths will be called
out. . The contractors who have signed
the union scale are In the main the own
ers of smaller shops, employing from 10
to 30 men each. They arc not members of
the master Painters' association, and
were no- bound by the resolution of that
organization. They considered that the
men were entitled to higher wages, and
have, therefore, signed the agreemnt
promising to pay the wages demanded.
Too association, on. the contrary, refused
from the .first to grant the minimum scale
of tZSO a day, bo all the painters cm
ployed by members of the association will
etay at home Monday morning.
The union men believe that, as 20 con
tractors have Btgned the scale, the others
must come to It also. The one exception
about whom the men are wondering is
j 1L Moorehouse & Co. This Arm Is not
a member of the association, but has not
thus far signed the scale. It is one of the
largest employers of painters in Portland,
and whichever way it goes In regard to
the scale, cannot but have an effect upon
the other contractors.
The members of the union expect a
speedy termination of the difficulty.
"We aa be at work by Wednesday,"
said one young painter, af.er -the meet
ing last evening. As quickly as the con
tractors sign the agreement to pay the
union scale, the men will return to work,
but not before, it Is known that several
members of the association are at heart
In favor of the scale, but have been influ
enced by the other members, who were
determined not to grant it. However,
when the cry from tho property-owners
is ringing In their cars, there may ue a
rapid transformation, and an equally
rapid settlement of the difficulty. xhls
would probably mean a break-up in the
Master Painters' Association."
The names of the contractors woo have
signed have been placed upon the board In
the Painters' HalL There are 30 In all.
Including such firms as Simpson & Co..
Louis -arstensen. J. Rider, lortland
Paint Company. Church & Co.. J. Gilbert.
F. A. Graef and 13 others. The propri
etors of the Portland Paint Company
withdrew from the Master -winters' As
sociation several weeks ago, when they
declared their intention "of paying the
union scale. The other contractors were
not members of the association.
The meeting last evening was attended
by practically all the members of the
Painters' and Decorators' Union. The
scale question was the purpose of the
special meeting, and it naturally occupied
the minds of the members. There is not
the slightest manifestation among the
painters to differ In regard to the scale,
'ihey all want the minimum to be placed
at tZi a day. although many of them are
already earning that amount. Several
days ago the painters announced their
Intention to open a far more aggressive
campaign than the carpenters are doing,
and they have kept their word.
"I wish the members of the Master
ralnters' Association, as well as the pub
lic to understand that there is not the
least ill will toward them felt by the
'union, but that we cannot agree with
"them as to tho need of a higher scale of
wages," said Charle Ward, president of
the union, after the meeting. "Just as
soon as they think they can pay the
higher wages, we will go to work without
the leas, bad feeling toward mem. It Is
just a misunderstanding as to our wages."
"It's up to the business men and the
real estate agents of the city to decide
whether the output this year shall be cur
tailed." said C D. Lash, business agent
of the union. "If they will let the con
tractors know that they are willing to
pay the higher figure for labor, the con
tractors will grant Ibe scale without any
difficulty. It Is very simple In regard to
the real estate men. We build houses for
them, while wo are also renting bouses
from them. If they charge us a much
advanced rent, we must get it back some
how. We aro Just bringing our standard
of living up to the point it was before the
rents were raised. As to nonunion car
penters. I do not think there can be more
than 15 in Portland."
The union adjourned last evening to
meet again Monday. "Wo don't do busi
ness on Sunday." said President Ward.
U.MOX "WILL XOW DISBAXD,
Textile Workers Afraid That Mill
Will Cloae Iloirn.
The proprietors of the Portland Woolen
Mills at Eellwood do not wish a union to
be formed among their employes. A
local branch of the Textlleworkers"
Union was formed a few days ago. but
E. L. Thompson, who represents the
owners, says that the backers of the
enterprise will draw out if the union is
continued. In this case the mill would
be shut down.
Tho employes of the mill who Joined
the union have told the manager that
they will withdraw. The union has.
therefore, practically disbanded. In Its
place a committee, composed of six men
from as many departments and the super
intendent, has been appointed by the
men ana the manager, acting together,
to adjust all grievances which may arise
between the management and the em
ployee. Apparently, the reason why the pro
prietors do not wish a union to be formed
among the employes Is that they may
thus be drawn into any trouble arising
In the mills of Oregon City. The em
ployes there are preparing a new wage
scale, and fearing that their men might
be Involved with a consequent closing of
the mill, the Portland Woolen Mill own
ers do not wish their employes to be
affiliated with any organization.
E. L. Thompson, the manager, says.
however, that he Is not afraid of any
thing, ana mat tnis question has noth
crs. "There Is not the slightest need of
our men belonging to a union." said he
yesterday, "Our aim Is to advance the
Interests of our employes as well as
our own. and their conditions are now
better than those asked by any union.
Onr men are getting more pay, have a
better place In which to work. ,and In
every way the conditions of the em
ployes of the Portland Woolen Mills are
ahead of almost any other in the United
States. I am not opposed to unions when
they work for a betterment of the con
ditions of the employes, but In this case
hero is sot the least necessity of on
being formed. I have 'been told by
the owners that they considered the
formation of a union among the em
ployes as a menace tc the mill. and.
therefore- If one Is formed they will
withdraw their capital from It and the
mill win be closed. -why: we are try
ing In every way to help oar men and
women. Provision has been made for a
library, and the first thing will be a
purchase of 300 books, which are to
constitute a free library for the employes.
The formation .of a union would' simply
take their minds away from. their work
and., make them;, discontented. When
union lr formed . the;jlrst thing the lead
ers do. Is to look for something to ask
for. whether there Is the least need of
It or not.
The committee. which has been appoint
ed keeps everything which may" arise In
the family, as it were. All grievances
will be taken to it and if the commit
tee cannot decide the question It will be
referred to me. The union was formed
here for a specific purpose. I do not
think that it Is. right or an outsider,
such as an organizer., should come be
tween me and my men. These men are
.merely after the.cbarter fee. and care lit
tle for the best Interests of the men they
form into a Union, On the other hand,
we are directly interested In the welfare
of our employes, and do all we can for
Organizer Harry Rogers, who organized
the Eellwood union, says there is no dif
ficulty between the employes snd the
manager, but that, all the workers In the
woolen mills of the Coast should be mem
bers of the Pacific Coast Textlleworkers"
Union, the Western branch of the Inter
national Textlleworkers Union.
"All the trouble grew out of the fact
that both the manager and the employes
did not understand the regulations of the
organization." said Mr. Rogers. "They
thought that If a difficulty arose at Ore
gon City they would be drawn Into It, but
when I assured them that nothing of the
kind could happen, everything was appar
ently settled. I have heard of this com
mittee, but such a thing does not take the
place of the union. Mr. Thompson seems
to be treating his mn very fairly, but he
does not understand Just what a union Is
for and what It means to both the em
ployer and the employee. I have not
heard that the union has been disbanded,
and I hardly think it probable. As to the
Oregon City men I do not think there will
be any difficulty In their being allowed
SEEIC TO AVOID STRIKES.
Board of Trade Adopts Resolution In
Favor of Arbitration.
The executive committee of the Board ot
Trade, at a special meeting yesterday
flftprniwtn r I V. 1n I . i
u.uu.mu ...c uvi auuauvii
and decided to prevent, if possible, the
Eu-is.es mat at tne present time are
threatening the city.
- ..... wu.cu iuc luitunuig .ev
olution, which was unanimously adopted:
"Whereas, The strikes and labor trou
bles of lost year threw Portland back at
least one year In Its growth, and were the
cause of grat loss to every person en-
sieu in ousmess in tne city, as well as
those participating In the same; and,
"Whereas, The newrpapers state that
the painters and carpenters are about to
co on another xtrlv and tha ha..-
already quit work; and,
"Whereas. There are rumors of other
trades-unions taking a similar course;
"Whereas. Our city has now practically
recovered from thn effects nr n
last year, and seems about entering upon
mi; must prosperous period in its history.
Which npflni rlfrf nt - i
w. nwh a . VUU
wages for every mechanic within Its boun
daries, with corresponding prosperity for
Mivrc cuh'Min in Business; ana,
"Whereas, A general strike at this time
will kill nil nrnttuHtv .,... w .k
---- - . ,bM..u m.c Kiuifttu
of the city, have a bad effect upon the
ucnts una. nam i- air. ana last but not
least, will be a severe loss to the mechan
ics and laborers who may participate In
the same, and is sure, no matter how It
ends, to do much more harm than good:
"Whereas, In a case of controversy be
tween employers and employes the best
Interests of all demand a speedy 'settle
ment of their differences through the me
dium of arbitration; and.
"Whereas. Neither party to such con
troversy claiming Justice as the basis of
its contention or demands should hesitate
to submit Its cause tn h orhiira...,
Whereas, The failure or refusal of
tflhpt nirt, tn eti.h M . .
---. -y cww a vv'niuvcrsy I u so
submit Its differences to arbitration should
deserve and receive the censure and con-
ui-iunauon 01 an fair-minded citizens:
now, therefore, be It
"Resolved. By the PorUand Board of
Trade, that we deplore any act upon the
part of the trades-unions tending to bring
about a strike, and most earnestly re
quest them, for fh ,
- ui .ue
city, as well as for their own sakes. to
o.uiu ut sullies, ana it tnelr difficulties
with their employers cannot be settled In
any other manner, to ask the Mayor of
this city to appoint an arbitration com
mittee to try and adjust the same; that a
copy of these resolutions be sent to each
trade-unlAn tn ihn A ...
,., . . . J ' "wi every
citizen be and Is hereby requested to use
ina niimcncB to prevent any strikes at
CONCERT FUND GROWS.
Sam of SJSS75 IIn Been Raised to
Pay for Mnslc In the. Parks,
Up to date the sum of XXTi has been
subscribed towards the fund for concerts
in the parks this Summer, according tn
report made yesterday by Park Commis
sioner j. u. Jiejer and Charles L. Brown
the leader of Brown's band, who have
been active In soliciting ,nh.,rnii.
The entire sum aimed at Is tCOO. and It Is
believed that this sura will be rahvd this
week, as only a few of the large mercan
tile establishments have been approached
u jir. jiejer ana jar. urown.
Here is the subscription list:
i-ai-n uoara appropriation jioco
City e Suburban My. Co "" iSa
Portland Railway Co " SI
Me'.cr & Frank Company
Allen & Lewis
Olds. Wortman Klr.tr
Kllen: Piano House ha
11. W. Corbctt (personal) S
Mvxcnmi rime A. n'.lr.u .1
Allen. Gltbert-Ramaker Co
Mason. Khrman & Co
Lang & Co "
v-ivisi-cik ce Aevexs. .......
W. P. Fuller
J. M. Ar.hur & Co ,
Fieischmr. Mayer & Co"::::::::::::
Woodnrd. t-iarke & Co...,.
M. Seller & Co H
PraeU Hegele & Co ,
A. B. Stelnbach & Co
Brunswick. "Balke, Collender Co,
J. G. Mack & Co
Robinson & Co
C. H. Prescott
Jaeeer Bros ,
W. FWedlander. ,
J. R. Rogers
Rowe & Martin
Aug. Krstz ,
Dan Marx ,
Dr. Stephen S. Wise
A friend of public concerts ,
L. Gerlicger ,
Vanduyn & Walton
Knight Shoe Company ,
Martin & Forbes ,
Dr. H. R. Llttlefleld
CARD OF TU.WK5.
We wish to exnress our heartfelt th.nV.
for tbe kindness and sympathy of our
friends In tre late bereavement of our be-
lovea son. vecu r jctccer watson-
T. M. WATSON AND FAMILY.
Have you rrtenes coming from the East?
If so, send their names to the Denver &
Rio Grande office. U4 Third street, Pert-
BEQUESTS FOR CHARITY
(Continued iram Tint Prnrs.)
not less than seventy-Ore thousand dol
lars (175,000). the Income alone from
which shall be used for the support and
maintenance of said association at the
City of Portland.
Eleventh-rl hereby direct that the be
quests made by the foregoing provisions
of this my will shall be paid as near as
practicable In "the order in wmcn iney
are above named, and that each of said
bequests shall be paid as soon as pay
ments can conveniently be maae irom
the net income from my said estate, or
by the application of any bonds or rail
road stock to my said estate belonging.
at a proper valuation, or from moneys
in the hands of my said executors appli
Trust Finds Founded,
Twelfth I give and bequeath to my ex
ecutors hereinafter named the sum of
one hundred and fifteen thousand dollars
((115.000), but only upon the following
trusts, that is to say: That they snail
distribute and pay out the same In the
following manner, to wit:
(a) To tne Presbyterian Board of Re
lief for Disabled Ministers ana wiaows
and Orshans of Deceased Ministers, ot
New York, as an endowment fund, the
Income from which only shall be used for
the purpose Indicated, and the principal
to remain as a perpetual endowment
fund, tne sum of twenty-rive tnousana
dollars (CS.000). which sum I hereby di
rect, my said executors to pay to me said
corporation, or to the person in control
or management thereof, wnenever tere
shall be funds belonging to my estate
appllcaole thereto, but only alter tne
other bequests herein made have been
(b) To the Portland Academy, located
at Portland. Or- the aura of twenty-live
thousand dollars (53,000). to be held by
said Portland Academy as an Irreducible
endowment fund, the principal to be and
remain a perpetual endowment to said
Portland Academy, devoted to the sup
port of a professor of penmanship and
bookkeeping, to the end that penmanship
might not become a lost art absolutely;
(c) To pay and distribute the sura of
nfty thousand dollars (JSO.WJ) as an en
dowment fund to the ornand Art asso
ciation, for the purposes ot an art gal
lery In tue City of Portland, or., wnicn
sum I direct shall be Invested and rein
vested by said association until the same
and the accumulations thereof snail
amount to the sum of not less than one
hundred thousand dollars (JluO.000), which
sum of one hundred thousand dollars
(1100.000) shall be Irreducible and shall be
securely Invested, and the Interest and
Income therefrom arising, after making
good any depreciation or loss ot said prin
cipal sum, to be used In the purchase ot
works or art and the maintenance ot an
art gallery in the City of Portland. The
said sura ot fifty thousand dollars (tjo.
000) to be paid over by my said executors
to the managers or trustees ot the Art
Association at such time as funds shall
be In the bands of said executors applic
able to the creation of said endowment
(d) The sum ot fifteen thousand do
lars (515,000) thereof to be applied to the
establishment and maintenance of a
Home for Old Ladles In the City of Port
land, and to be paid to the trustees or
management of. the said Home ior Old
Ladles at such time as tnere shall be
funds In my said estate applicable there
Disposition ot Ills Residence,
Thirteenth I hereby give, devise and be
queath to my said wife. Emma L. Corbett,
tne right to occupy my present residence
and dwelling-house, with the appurten
ances, and all that parcel or tract of land
upon which the same is situated, being
one hundred and twenty-flve (125) feet
upon Fifth and Sixth streets by
two hundred (300) feet upon Taylor
street. In the City of Portland,
Or together with all and singular
the furniture, books, pictures, statuary
and ornaments contained In said house at
the time of my decease, subject to her
care, expense and repairs, for the term or
her natural life, or so long as she shall
desire to occupy the same as a home.
And In case my said wife shall, for any
reason, not desire to occupy or reside In
said dwelling-house, then and thereafter
the said dwelling-house and the lands on
which the same Is situated, as hereinbe
fore specified, may be occupied. It he shall
so desire, by my eldest grandson living.
for a period of ten (10) years, and there
after the same shall be held and used by
my said grandsons. If they shad so de
sire, free and clear from all Incumbrances
In favor of my said wife created by this
Item of my will. I further give and be'
quealh to. and I hereby direct that my
said wife shall during the term ot her
natural life have and enjoy (he free use.
occupation and control of our Seaside
cottage and the lots of land In connection
therewith, known as the "Pines." upon
North Beach. In the State of Washington:
as well as the cottage of our country
place upon tne coiumDia luver. at "Cor
bett." Multnomah County, or., together
with ten (10) acres of ground, upon wnlch
said last named cottage Is situated, the
metes and bounds of which she shall have
the -right to select and describe for her
self. And I do hereby direct that all
taxes and Insurance on the foregoing
family places. Including my residence
aforesaid, shall be paid and borne by my
estate: my Intention being that- my said
wife shall not be required to pay eltner
insurance or taxes upon either said dwell
lng-house or the cottages aforesaid.
To Portland Art Association.
Fourteenth I hereby direct that upon
the deatn or my saia -wire my grand.
children may and shall select from the
pictures, statuary and ornaments owned by
me that (at) the time of my decease (ex.
ceptlngonly my full-length portrait In oil)
such particular pieces thereof, not exceed
lng three for each, as shall be ot special
or personal Interest to them, and the re
mainder of all such pictures, statuary, or
ornaments. Including the full-length por
trait aforesaid, snail be placed In the
art gallery, for which provision Is made
In the 13th Item hereof, as a donation to
the Art Association.
Fifteenth I also give and bequeath to
the Portland Art Association the west TO
feet of lots 5 and 6. In block fit). In the
City of Portland. Or for the purpose of
erecting thereon a building devoted to an
art gallery such as may be designed by
paid association suitable for Its purpose:
and I direct that tne rents and accumu
latlons from the Income from said prop
erty arising snail be invested and rein
vested from time to time as a building
fund for said association. And I further
direct that when sufficient moners shall be
subscribed or otherwise raised, which, to
gether with the gift hereby made and the
accumulations thereof, will erect a build
ing suitable for an art gallery, such build.
Ing shall be erected by the trustees of said
art association, to be held for the per
petual use of said association and the re
ception of all such works of art as shall
be possessed by said association. Including
those hereby contributed, and such aa
shall be donated by ethers.
Sixteenth I hereby direct that my ex
ecutors hereinafter named shall pay to
my brother-in-law. Joseph .Fox. of Lan.
slngburg. N T-, the sum ot J1S monthly
during his natural life, and at his death
to pay the necessary expenses ot his
burial. It being my Intention that upon
his death his former residence, deeded to
me for advances In money to him. shall
be held as part of my estate, and as
such sold by my executors.
Seventeenth And I do further direct
that my said executors shall as soon as
convenient after my decease pay to'
George Singleton, my old coachman, the
sum of K00; and to each of the house
servants tn my employ at the time of my
death the sum of IICO each.
Eighteenth I give and bequeath to each
ot my executors hereinafter named 30
shares ot the capital stock of the First
National Bank ot Portland. Or., the same
to be taken and held by them in lieu of
all commissions or other compensation
as such executors.
My object In making this bequest to my
said executors Is that they may have and
take an Interest In the said banc, ana dj
their counsels aid tn Its careful manage
ment. Nineteenth Subject to the payments of
my debts and each and every one of the
legacies, bequests and conditions nereio
specified. I give, devise and bequeath all
the rest, residue and remainder of the es
tate ot which I shall die seized, what
ever be Its nature and wherever situated,
to' my grandsons, Henry Ladd Corbett.
Elliott Rugglcs Corbett and Hamilton For
bush Corbett, In equal, shares, upon con
dition, however, and provided that all
and singular the real estate hereby de
vised to my said grandchildren, shall not
be distributed or aDooriionea among mem
until the youngest of said children shall j
arrive at tne age oi.w years. mc u"
Income arising from such residue or re
mainder of my personal property to re
main In the handa of executors of this my
will nntll such time as my grandchildren
shall arrive at the age of 35 years, ana
thereafter and from the time when they,
rar said grandchildren, shall arrive at
said age of 35 years respectively, a pro
portionate amount or snare ot tne net
income from the residue of my said per
sonal property arising to be distributed
and paid over to such grandsons so ar
riving at the age of Zi years monuuy:
and that when the youngest of my said
grandchildren living shall arrive at the
age of 35 years the whole of said residue
and remainder of my personal (state
shall be. distributed among my children
then living, share and share alike. My
Intention being that such rest and residue
of the real estate to my said estate be
longing shall be kept Intact until the
youngest ot my said grandchildren shall
arrive at the age of 40 years; but In the
meantime each of my said grandchildren,
after arriving at the age ot 25 years, shall
be entitled to receive his proportionate
share of the net Income of the real and
personal property devised by this Item of
my will, and- the remainder thereof to be
retained In such residue of my estate
until the distribution thereof as herein
provided, and that any accumulation of
funds from the net Income from my estate
not necessary to be made in the payment
of bequests before my said grandsons
shall arrive at the age of 25 years, shall
be used by my executors In building upon
or otherwise Improving the residue of the
real property to my estate belonging. In
such manner as In tbelr Judgment shall
make the same more productive.
Twentieth I hereby direct that my ex
ecutors shall sell my real property situ
ated tn the City of New York, known as
No. 163 West Forty-fifth street, but at
a price not less than thirty thousand dol
lars (530,000), and apply the proceeds of
such Vale on the payment of the bequests
herein provided for.
Lastly I hereby nominate and appoint
my wife, Emma- L. Corbett. to be execu
trix, and my friends. W. E. Robertson.
Edward Falling and William C. Alvord.
and my grandsons, Henry Ladd Corbett,
Elliott Ruggles Corbett and Hamilton
Forbush Corbett, or the survivors of them,
to be executors of this, my last will and
testament; and In case at the time of
my decease any or either of my said
grandsons shall be under the age of 21
years. I direct that the execution of this,
my will, shall not be thereby delayed,
but that In such event those of the persons
herein named as executors, and executrix
who are of lawful age, shall qualify and
proceed with the execution thereof, and
that as and when my said grandsons shall
respectively arrive at the age ot 21 years
they shall respectively qualify and there
upon become and be Joint executors with
such ot the persons before named, who
shall before such time qualify as such ex
ecutors. And I do hereby request and
direct that no bond or other official ob
ligation shall be required of said execu
tors, or either of them, either as such or
as trustees under this, my wIlL
In testimony whereof, I have at the City
of Portland, In the State ot Oregon, hereto
set my hand and seal, this, the 17th day of
HENRY W. CORBETT. (Seal).
The foregoing Instrument, consisting of
seven pages, was by the testator therein
named, -signed, sealed, published and de
clared by said testator to be his last will
and testament. In the "presence ot us.
who, at his request, and In his presence,
and In the presence of each .other, have
hereunto subscribed our names as wit
nesses thereto, this 17th day of December,
a E. WITHINGTON. Portland. Or.
J. W. NEWKIRK. Portland, Or.
Mi N. HAMILTON. PorUand, Or.
(Indorsed) Filed April . 1303.
F. S. FIELDS, County Clerk.
THOUGHTS ON PLAGIARISM
A Kerr ot the Great Writers Who
Borrorred and Xever Paid.
PORTLAND. April 3. (To the Editor.)
A purely original Idea In the creative
sense has not been given to the world in
the last 1000 years. And yet the crowned
heads of literature have added by a sort
of surreptitious seizure empire after em
pire to their dominions. Beginning with
Chaucer, about everything he wrote may
be traced back to a French work. "The
Romance of the Rose." 'The Clerk's
Tale" he filched from Petrarch. His
"Trolluo and Craselde" Is an English re
production ot an old Latin translation of
a French poem. In his "House of Fame"
Is plainly visible-the touch of Petrairh
and Dante. His "Legend of Good Women"
he takes almost bodily from Ovid. It would
require a column to show how Milton
delved Into Dante, bringing up the best
things as his own. In a einglo poem of
Robert Montgomery's, "Omnipresence or
Deity," there are clearly snatches from
five other authors: Dryden. Scott. Pope.
Crabbe and Byron. No wonder Macaulay
was erupted over the thing. Thomas
Jefferson, too. In writing the state paper
which has immortalized his name drew
heavily on the "Massachusetts Bill of
Rights." Of the 37 plays written by
Shakespeare It may be doubted whether
he Is. in the real creative sense, the ab
solute parent of a single one of them.
Emerson declares Shakespeare to be the
very king of all approprlators. Macaulay
borrowed from Scott: Poe from Calderon,
Bocovlch and Chateaubriand: Hawthorne
from Drowne: Pope from Bollngbroke
Wordsworth from Virgil: Biron from
Milton: Rousseau. Voltaire. Chauteau-
brtand. Gibbon. Swift and Goethe each
borrowed from the clarrtcs, snd from the
Book of Job; De qulncey from Rlchter;
Dickens from Fielding. Smollet. Irving,
Cariyle and Wllkle Collins. -
Are these all to be condemned? No!
Purely creative originality Is next to lm-
possible In our day. I challenge any one
who may read these lines to oolnt out a
genuine Intellectual father, ancient or
modern, who has begotten within himself
an hitherto unbegotten thought. I chal
lenge any one to put his finger upon a
genuine shade of thought that did not
siune 30 centuries ago.
And so. that which seems to b nluiir.
ism msy be far from It. The spoils ot
learning belong to the man who maVes
the conquest. Otherwise what are schol
arship ana learning for? Shakrsnarp.
who probabjy leads all others in spolls-
laaing. touna a place and use for every
thing, which he arranged and grouped so
felicitously that every sane man must
acknowledge his superiority. After all.
combinative orglnallty is the best we can
hope for, with here and there a little
swelling of the great volume of thought
already In existence. Orlrlnalltr. then.
consists as much In the power of using
to purpose wnat it nnca readr to Its hand
as In that of producing what Is absolutely
new. and the greatest men In literature
are more distinguished by range and ex
tent than by originality. But a genuinely
honest man will quote bravely and not
Juggle In disguise. The faculty of ob
taining and using the valuable work of
other men Is a characteristic of a high
and noble mind. It Is one ot the at
tributes of great intellectual power to be
able to use other people and other
peoples labor and thought to the best
advantage. C E. CT.TNE.
NEW YORK FURNITURE CO.
1 S 6
A complete assortment of
MATTINGS and CARPETS,
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If you are not bur
LEWIS RINDFUSS URGES THEM TO
JOIX ISTERXATIOXAL LEAGUE.
He Says 3Ien Are Slowly Killing
Themselves Behind the Bar and
"While we are killing the man In front
of the bar. we are also killing ourselves,
and doing It quicker, for he has a chance
to go out and get some .resh air, wmie
we must breathe the fumes ot a saloon all
Siich Is the argument which Lewis
Rlndfuss. sixth vice-president of the
Bartenders' International League of
America, now In Portland, makes In urg
ing members of the craft to take advan
tage of tne insurance features ot tne or-
Mr. Rlndfuss. who Is a big blonde per
son from Erie, Pa., arrived tn Portland
yesterday morning and addressed an
open meeting of the local union at Its
hradmiarterx In the afternoon. Amen he
reached the city, he Intended to leave last
evening, but, after seeing the condition of
tne allied association, tne wooks ana
Walters' Alliance, he decided to remain
until Wednesday morning. Mr. Rlndfuss.
as sixth vice-president of the bartenders'
association, looks after the Interests of
the Cooks' and Walters" Alliance In par
ticular, as the officers of the allied body
are distributed among the two crafts.
Though the man from Erie spoke to the
bartenders yesterday, ne is nimseu a
member of the brother organization, and
will, therefore, spend most of his stay
here In furthering Its Interests.
The keynote of Mr. Rlndfuss address
was to show the assembled barkeeps mat.
while most fraternal organizations would
not admit a member of their trade, the
International organization held out great
er Inducements to them In the way of In
surance than It was possible for any fra
ternity to ao.
".iy are bartenders excluded from al
most all fraternities?" asked the sixth
vice-president. "Is It because we are such
Immoral persons that no one wants us?
No. It Is because the rate or mortality
Is so high that Insurance people don't
want us. While we are killing the man
In front of the bar. we are also killing
ourselves, and doing It quicker, for he
can go out and get some fresh air, while
we must remain all day breathing the
fumes of a saloon. Partly because of me
fact thai bartenders were not reauay re
ceived Into fraternal societies the Bar
tenders' International League of Amer
ica was formed."
Then Mr. Rlndfuss presented a number
of arguments why all bartenders should
Join the association, bearing principally
upon the point or insurance.
"U along the Pacific Coast I And that
bartenders are not held tn the same
esteem that they are In the Middle West,
and even In the East they are not con
sidered In public affairs, and seldom hold
high positions In the community. Why
Is this? It Is because the men on this
Coast are not sufficiently organized to ob
Mr. Rlndfuss told of the difficulties of
starting the Bartenders' League. The
class teellng among members of the craft
MAKING AN ATHLETE.
Proper Food the Most Important
Most health or 111 health comes from the
stomach, depending upon how It Is fed.
The athlete Is very dependent upon the
proper food. An athlete of Muncle, Ind..
writes: "From a frail, sickly college stu
dent of scarcely six score pounds the pure
food. Grapc-Xuts, has brought me, through
persistent, conscientious use, to a vigor
ous young athlete tipping the beam at 133
pounds. For two years the food has been
to my stomach what pure air Is to the
lungs a source ot vigor, health and vital
ity. Havlng always been a great reader, 1
frequently while at school missed my
"meals that I might devote the time to a
favorite book, or else I hurried through
the meal. ThlsMrregularity, omission arid
hurrying, together with the close applica
tion to study,' finally told on my health
until I was forced to leave school. I must
have been In a truly pitiable condition,
from what my friends have since told me.
although at the time I am sure I did not
halt realize the seriousness of my cose.
My parents decided to send me on a trip
to Southern California.
"On the train I made the acquaintance
of a Mr. Welssenger. a wholesale grocer,
of Chicago, who was Interested in my case.
He heard my story and advised me to try
Grape-Nuts, a food greatly relished by his
own family- From what he told me of the
food I longed to try it. but I did not ex
pect to find It beyond the Rocky Moun
tains. To my surprise on arriving at Los
Angeles I noticed a box of Grape-Nuts
on my' aunt's sideboard. That marked the
beginning of my health and comfort. Since
then I have come to look upon the food
Grape-Nuts as a synonym for good health
and happiness." Name furnished by
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runs high, according to the statements
ot Mr. Rlndfuss. ton he said that one of
the greatest obstacles to the success of
the organization was the dislike of men of
the higher grade associating with bar
tenders who work In the cheaper saloons.
"Don - Iook down on a man simply be
cause be works In a low dive." said he.
"He may be as good a bartender as your
self. This association has not gone ahead
through any of the good work of the
swell bartenders, who, wnen off duty,
dress up and act like men of Independent
fortune. Such men say that those who
work In a cheaper place are not bartend
ers; Just simply beerdrawers. But tt -s
not the high-toned bartenders wno are re
sponsible for this organization: tt Is the
beerdrawers. It is our purpose not to look
down on the cheaper man; but to help him
up to where he belongs."
The address of the sixth vice-president
was greeted with many bursts of ap
plause. The attendance was not so large
as the officers of the union desired, for
news of the meeting had not reached all
of the members, but all those present re
sponded warmly to the sentiments of the
Mr; Rlndfuss announced his Intention of
addressing the union at Its regular meet
ing on next Tuesday evening, when ho
will again present arguments for Joining
the league. .
During his address he advocated sending
at least one delegate to the annual con
vention whlch meets in Philadelphia, be
ginning May 12. The local union had not
thought a representation worth the ex
pense, but after hearing Mr. Rlndfuss'
words tn favor of a good delegation from
the Pacific Coast evidenUy changedv lt3
opinion, and a delegate may be sent. The
convention Is booked to come to Denver
next year, and the sixth vice-president
thought It very probable that tt could be
Induced to meet In Portland in 1305. He
said a delegation to the convention would
be much more benefit than one to the
convention of the State Federation of La
bor, which meets in La Grande May 4.
The employment of Chinese in restau
rants and hotels of the city Is the subject
to which Mr. Rlndfuss will devote s
energies while In Portland. The local
branch of the Cooks' and Walters' --.ilance
has been fighting Chinese labor for a long
time, with little result. The union has
FRED. J. MERRILL CYCLE CO.
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inch of ground in the race for supremacy.
And why should it? No better material
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men can be found so skilled as those who
have put in years building one.make of wheel.
of today are the result of
24 Years of Experience 24
It is not to be wondered "then that a RAM
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to have your name
had many troubles and has therefore been
rather weak In membership.
"We can't expect to displace the Chi
nese unless we provide skilled white work;
era," said Mr. Rlndfuss yesterday. "It
there were enough skilled cooks and wait
ers In the city I don't believe the pro
prietors .would hesitate to give them
preference against the Chinese. A union
must act largely aa an employment bu
reau." THE HOW AND WHY.
Much you may have guessed about LIfs
Insurance may be Wrong. Mr. H. C
Llpplncott, of Philadelphia, one of tLo
foremost Insurance authorities of Jhe
age, has copyrighted a little book en
'tltled "The How and Why." It has been
adopted by several Eastern colleges to
teach the first principles of Life Insur
ance, and may be had free by addressing
Sherman and Harmon, general agents,
Penn Mutual Life Insurance: Co.. Mar
quam building, Portland. Or. It may
help you to understand How and Why
the Penn Mutual during 1S02 wrote a
larger amount of Insurance in Oregon
than was ever before written in the stats
by any company in one year. t
Every Truss Wearer Interested.
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CCaAtT wnnrfi he tndo-Biufc umI paint clvImO
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I. B. SEELEY TRUSS ESTABLISHMENT,
Box 7. 184 Dearborn St., Chicago. .
lOtllfaUolSl., nOUalpkU. I K. Srd St., iw To.