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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
VOL. XX. NO. 22.
PORTLAND, OKEGON, SUNDAY MOANING, JUNE 2, 1901.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
QES 1 TO 12
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BRYAN IS BITTER
Attacks the Supreme Court
of the United States
FOR INSULAR CASE DECISIONS
Says It Declare That Congress Is
Greater Than the Constitution,
"Which Created It "Emperor
McKInley" His Text.
LINCOLN, Neb. June 1. Taking for
his text the words, "Emperor McKInley,"
W. J. Bryan tonight gave out an extend
ed statement bearing on the Supreme
Court decision In the insular cases. Mr.
Bryan frankly admits that the court's
verdict is extremely distasteful to him,
and the language he employs is more vig
orous than Is customary, even for -him.
He boldly declares that the Supreme
Court has joined hands with the Presi
dent and Congress in an effort to change
our form of Government, and he calls on
the people to repudiate the verdict. Mr.
Bryan says, in part:
"By a vote of five to four, the Supreme
Court has declared President McKInley
Empeior of Porto Rico, and, according
to the press dispatches, the Emperor has
gladly and gratefully accepted the title
conferred upon him by the highest Judi
cial tribunal of the land.
"Those who were encouraged to believe
that the Constitution had caught up with
the flag were doomed to disappointment.
In the Downes case, decided immediately
afterward, a. majority of the court, com
posed of Justices Brown, Gray, White,
Shlras and McKenna, held that Congress
could deal with Porto Rico, and the same
logic applies to the Philippines, without
regard to the limitations of the Constitu
tion. Chief Justice Fuller and Associate
Justices Harlan, Peckham and Brewer
dissented In strong and vigorous language,
but the opinion of the majority even a
majority of one stands until it Is re
versed. "This is one of the most important de
cisions, if not the most important, ever
rendered by the court; it not only declares
that Congress Is greater than the Constl.
tution which created it the creature
greater than the creator but it denies the
necessity for a written Constitution. The
position taken by the court is defended,
or rather excused, by reasoning which,
if followed out, will destroy Constitu
tional liberty In the United States. Ev
ery reason given by Justice Brown could
be used with even more force to support
a decision nullifying all limitations placed
by the Constitution on Congress when
dealing with the citizens of the several
states. If the Porto Ricans can trust the
wisdom and justice of a Congress which
they do not elect and cannot remove, why
.Xdo the Deonle of the United Statps need a
gress which they do elect and can re
move? The decision In effect declares
that the people are not the soprce. of
power- It defends taxation -without repre
sentation and contends that the govern
ments do not . derive their just power
from the consent of the governed. It as
sails the foundation of the "Republic, and
does so on the ground of expediency.
"The dissenting opinions bristle with
precedents and burn with patriotism.
They ought to awaken conscientious Re
publicans to a realization of the meaning
"This decision, like, the Dred Scott de
cision, raises a political issue which must
be settled by the people. The Supreme
Court has Joined with the President and
Congress In an attempt to change the
form of our Government, but there yet
remains an appeal to the people.
"With respect to our new possessions,
the decision is an unfair one, because it
denies to them equal trade privileges with
other portions of the United States, whose
sovereignty has been established over
them and the purpose of the Constitu
tion in providing for equal trade privileges
was that no section subject to the United
States' sovereignty shall ever become the
victim of discrimination. This principle Is
In line with the very foundation principles
of this Government, which contemplated
that all the people of the United States
should have equal privileges, should be
exempt from discriminations, and should
enjoy the Immunities which the Consti
tution makers conceived to be essential to
the perpetuity of free Institutions."
After an extended summary of Justice
Brown's reasoning, Mr. Bryan continues:
"Throughout the majority opinion de
livered by Justice Brown runs the theory
that the American Congress may do any
thing not forbidden n the Constitution.
This is one of the most repugnant feat
ures of this opinion. Justice Brown seems
to have searched the Constitution for. pro
hibitions rather than for that grant of
pewer which the American people have
always conceived to be the true office of
Mr. Bryan concludes as follows:
"To what a glorious field for Inspec
tion this Justice of the Supreme1 Court
has Invited the American people. Under
this opinion we are about to embark on
Great Britain's colonial policy and to re
assure ourselves, to quiet our conscience,
we have but to look at the history of
Great Britain towards its outlying
possessions since the American Revolu
tion. An Inspiring spectacle, Indeed! We
may look at South Africa, where Great
Britain's unrestrained possession of power
has destroyed two promising republics,
and has drenched the soil with the blood
of patriots; we may look at India, whose
people have been dying by starvation for
years; and India, where on several occa
sions the bounty and generosity of the
American people have been necessary In
order to secure human beings living under
the sovereignty of Great Britain from
death by starvation."
London Press Criticises the Attitude
of British Manufacturers.
LONDON. June L Commenting on Lord
George Hamilton's letter of yesterday re
plying to the attack of Sir Alfred Hick
man In the House of Commans May 23, on
American locomotives and bridges, the
newspapers are unsparing In their criti
cism of what the St. James Gazette calls
the "you be damned" attitude of British
manufacturers toward their customers
The St. James Gazette applauds Lord
Hamilton's crushing, brutal frankness In
commenting on the MIcawber methods of
British employers and the selfish idle
ness of British workmen, and proceeds
to censure the methods of trades unionists
as "thoroughly and unscrupulously dls-
honest." The paper says it could al
most wish Lord Hamilton had not been
given an undertaking to give preference
to British firms where It is possible, as
"it would be well for the future that our
industrial classes learn the bitter lesson
of their experience." '
The Globe does not hesitate, to predict
that unless the methods of trades union
ists, as practiced in this country, are
modified. Americans within the next few
years will beat the British out of the
field. The Globe compliments American
trades unionists on their good sense in
fostering skill and Industry while simul
taneously keeping up tne rate of wages.
JOY IN ITALY.
Birth of a. Royal Princes Is Being
ROME, June L Queen Helena was de
livered of a daughter at 9 o'clock this
morning. Both mother and Infant are
doing well. The Princess will be named
Yolanda Margherlta. Amongst the gen
eral congratulations, there is considerable
disappointment in the infant's sex, though
the King 4s understood to have expressed
contentment. Salutes . are being fired
throughout Italy. The Infant's nurse, be
sides receiving liberal pay, and a pen
sion, will get 52000 with the baby's first
tooth, another $2000 when the child is
able to speak, and a similar sum when the
little Princess walks unsupported. Flags
are floating from the palace and all the
public buildings and the church bells
throughout the country are pealing. In
the Chamber of Deputies, Slgnor Zanar
delll, the Premier, announced the birth
of the Princess, and the House unani
mously voted adjournment in honor of the
MISSING BRKENTINE MONITOR.
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1 Mill i i a oaMiiiinii.iiii iiiiMImm ll -1- nil I I I
The old barkentlne Monitor, which sailed from Gray's Harbor for San Fran
cisco, May 21, has been given up as lost, and another Is added to the long list
of mysteries and tragedies of the Pacific. .The vessel was commanded by Cap
tain J&mes Donnely, of Hoqulam. who was accompanied by his wife on the last
trip of the vessel. No wreckage that has been Identified as belonging to the Monitor
has yet been found, but all hope for the vessel or those uboard her has been
abandoned. She was owned by "V. J. Patterson, A. F. Coates and Edward Dolan,
of Aberdeen, and George F. Stone, of Seattle. The accompanying cut is from a
photo taicen by Captain H. H. Morrison, of the Puget Sound Tugboat Company.
event 2"he. deputies then proceeded to
the palace to offer their felicitations.
Cardinal Gibbons' Plans.
ROME, June L Cardinal Gibbons has
been feeling somewhat indisposed and
contemplated a course of the waters at
Carlsbad or Vichy, but Dr. Lapponl and
other physicians assured him there was
no necessity to do so, and the cardinal
will follow his original itinerary. He has
hosts of visitors.
Cornnna Riots Were Serious.
CORUNNA, Spain, June, 1. The rioting
here yesterday had more serious results
than at first supposed. Two men and one'
woman were killed and the hospitals are
filled with wounded. Many arrests have
been- made. The rioters used revolvers
SWAMPED IN THE SURF.
Serious Accident May Have Occurred
on the Coast of Salvador.
SAN FRANCISCO, June L The steamer
Pilena brings a report which later may
prove to be the herald of a disaster at
Acajutla. While anchored In the road
sted off Acajutla, May 17, near the
steamer San Juan and the Mexican gun
boat Ivy, a boat was lowered from the
San Juan, while a few minutes later one
was put in the water from the gunboat.
As near as Captain Moon, of the Palena,
could make out, the boat from the Ivy
was taking an officer ashore, while the
one from the San Juan was. taking Colonel
John Stewart, the mall company's agent,
ashore. One of the ship's officers and
four men manned the boat, and all went
well until the San Juan's boat and the
Ivy boat were near the beach. Then
those on the Palena saw an Immense
breaker rolling in toward the shore. It
caught the Ivy's boat and threw it
against the San Juan's boat, ' and both
were rolled over and over and finally
disappeared. Captain Moon is very much
afraid that not a soul in either boat was
PAPERS WERE ISSUED.
Requisition for Dr. "Woodruff and
KANSAS CITY, June 1. Requisition pa
pers for Wyile G. Woodruff, the ex-Pennsylvania-Kansas
University football play
er, and Mrs. Edith Moyer, of Lawrence,
Kan., charged by the woman's husband
with kidnaping Moyer's 4-year-old daugh
ter, were Issued today and forwarded to
Portland, Or., where Woodruff and Mrs.
Moyer are out on bond. Mr. Moyer, ac
companied by a detective, will reach Port
land Tuesday next
Denver Labor Conventions.
DENVER, June 1 The Western Labor
Union convention today declared in favor
of a minimum wage of 540 per month for
lumbermen in Western Montana, and both
the Labor Union and the Western Feder
ation of Miners adopted the interchange
able working card for the two organiza
tions. The political resolutions adopted
by the labor union yesterday were dis
cussed in the federation convention today,
but action was postponed.
A pleasant feature of the day's proceed,
ings in the Labor Union convention was
the presentation by the delegates of a
diamond ring to Miss Bessie Hughes, the
only lady delegate. The Federation was
addressed this afternoon by Lieutenant
Governor Coates, of Colorado, on the im
portance of organisation. This evening
the delegates were entertained at a local
Marble Workers Out.
CINCINNATI, O., June L Four hundred
and fifty marble workers struck today
because employers refused to agree to
the scale demanded, which had been pre
sented with a request that it be agreed
to by June L
Senator Tillman Says His
Resignation Must Stand
OPEN LETTER TO GOVERNOR
Declares McStreeney Transcended
His Authority, and Gives Some
Reasons "Why He Should
Be Re-elected. .
COLUMBIA, S. C, June 1. Senator Till
man has declined to withdraw his resig
nation, and says Governor McSweeney
transcended his authority in sending the
resignations' back to the Senators. "Sen
ator Tillman has written an open letter
which has not yet reached the Governor'
in which he says:
"Your excellency, of course, has the
Tight, and it Is entirely proper to return
my resignation and advise more serious
consideration. In declining to accept I
am sure you have transcended your au
thority. You cannot compel a member of
the United States Senate to hold his com
mission and exercise the functions of that
.office If he chooses to surrender it. My
action irr tendering my resignation, while
hasty, was not ill advised, and I am firm
ly, convinced of the wisdom of my course
upon reflection. It Is somewhat remark
able that, you should ask the Senators
who have resigned, to take time to con
sider, when you yourself, are reported to
be ready to appoint, two Senators in two
minutes and a half after deceiving an im
mediate resignation. '
"Your conception orthe office of Sen
ator and its' powers can be best understood
by the ease with which you think you can
fill it. It was not my fault that an im
mediate resignation was not sent you.
You declare that 'the people are entitled
to one year of peace and freedom from
political battles and bitterness.' I am
ready to acknowledge that this is very
desirable, but our race has ever thought
war preferable to dishonor, and unless I
am very much deceived, a large majority
of the people of South Carolina would be
glad of an opportunity to have those
principles and politics which they support
loyally represented in the Congress of
the United States.
i ,' " -"rir.-r ..1 " cc " Sl"s op JO-
o'"u" " ucnuiii quarters to a campaign
in this 'off year' to fill two vacancies in
the Senate. Many unthinking citizens do
not know its importance. Many who
wourd be aspirants are not just ready,
for various reasons, to enter the contest
brought on so unexpectedly. It Is not
convenient or suitable, and, therefore,
they have no doubt Importuned your ex
cellency to await their convenience,
claiming that It is for the pubjlc welfare.
"On the. other hand, it might be re
marked that the session of Congress be
ginning next December marks an era In
the history of our Republic, and the
patriots who will then and there lnagu
rate a struggle for the restoration of old
landmarks and the preservation of our
free Institutions will need every voice and
vote that can be had. The fact that the
Republicans have a good majority In the
Senate would not alter the case in the
least. The recent decision In the Supreme
Court, promulgating the damnable doc
trine that this Republic, whose bedrock
principle is the 'consent of the governed,'
can acquire by conquest or purchase ter
ritories and peoples to be controlled and
taxed without representation through
'Congressional absolutism,' must be met
and exposed, and plans must be laid for
a battle to the death by the lovers of
democracy and. liberty against this
"I claim to represent the people and to
voice their wishes. The result of the
Gaffney meeting had brought Senator Mc
Laurln within reach of his constituents,
and it was to obtain this answer at once
that prompted my conduct at Gaffney.
There is nothing personal in my attitude
toward Senator McLaurln. Nothing but a
sense of duty forces mo to the course I
have pursued. Material prosperity and
progress may be worth more than strict
adherence to principle and Ipyalty to
trust, but I cannot see it in that light.
Holding this view, I decline for the pres
ent to withdraw my resignation. It was
tendered in' order to secure the resigna
tion of Senator McLaurln, and will not be
withdrawn until he shall have shown his
unwillingness to let our people pass upon
his conduct this year, Instead of next."
A KANSAS PITY SENSATION.
Doctor Whq Was Horsewhipped
Bring; Sait for 9150,000.
KANSAS CITYr Mo!7june 1. Dr. Adolph
Goodman, a physician, today brought suit
for 5150,000 damages against James H.
Beckman, Sr., and James H. Beckman,
Jr., for Injury and humiliation suffered
May 23 last, when the Beckhams were
charged with horsewhipping him. The
elder Beckham is charged with applying
a horsewhip to Goodman's bare back 100
times, tearing the flesh and bringing the
blood to the surface, while the younger
threatened him with a levelled shotgun.
Goodman's attorneys announce they will
follow with another suit for $150,000 ad
ditional against the Beckhams for alien
ating his wife's affections. Yesterday Mrs.
Goodman, who Is Mr. Beckham's daugh
ter, brought suit for divorce, alleging
cruelty. It was for this alleged cruelty
that the lash was applied. James H.
Beckham, Sr., is a millionaire retired
wholesale grocer, and his family has been
prominent in social circles in Kansas City
for years. Dr. Goodman is 26 years old.
" t '
MOST UNIQUE CLAIMS.
Government "Will Be Aaiced to Re
store Value of Bonds' Burned.
"WASHINGTON, May 28. A most unique
claim will be 'presented at the next Con
gress. It is that of certain heirs of
Joseph L. Lewis, who was a millionaire of
Trenton, N. J. Lewis was a bachelor
crank. His will provided bequests of
from 575,000 to $100,000 to various relatives
and directed that after these bequests
should be paid, the residue of his estate
should be Invested in Government bonds,
and,, as he. expressed It, "In order to' re
duce the public debt," the bonds should
be burned. His wishes were carried out
and 5996,000 In Government bonds were
purchased and burned. This occurred 25
years ago. Now certain distant relatives
who were not beneficiaries of the will are
seeking to have the Government restore
to the Lewis estate the value of the bonds
burned, and a bill providing that this
shall be done will be introduced in the
next Congress.. "I expect to get laughed
out of Congress," said the attorney who
is pushing, the claim, "but getting claims
through Congress is a lottery, and I may
win with this one if it does look fishy."
Want a Cabinet Department Devoted
to Inter of Home and Children.
MINNEAPOLIS. Minn.. June L At the
session of the National Woman's Suffrage
Convention today, Susan ' B. Anthony,
chairman of the convention's resolutions
committee, reported that she had ad
dressed the American Federation of Labor
and secured authorization for its presi
dent and secretary to sign a sixteenth
Elizabeth Boynton Harnett, of Illinois,
reported an important victory in the pas
sage of the bill securing to mothers equal
rights with fathers in the guardianship
of minors. She reported also, a resolution
of the state convention calling for a de
partment of the Government with a Cabi
net member at Its head devoted to the in
terests of home and children.
Castro Dismisses Attorney-General.
WILLEMSTADT, 'Curacao, June L
President Castro, of Venezuela, has dis
missed Senor Galavis, the Attorney-General;
because of his opinion, on the last
judgrhent in the case of the New York &
Bermudes Asphalt Corrupany. '
The Philippine Commission will begin ts final
provincial .tour Tuesday. Page 2. - .
All the v61unteers cannot be brought home
within the time limit. Page 2.
General Chaffee's army has arrived' at itfaga
salcl. Page 2. "
American millionaires were received-by King
Edward at "Windsor. Page 1. . .
The Cuban press generally deplores the misun
derstanding over the Piatt amendment.
London has a ramorof a. severe British defeat
near Pretoria. Page 2.
There is no basis for the anti-American at
tacks in German papers. Page 13.
Bryan attacks the Supreme Court for Its de
cisions In the Insular cases. Page 1.
Tillman declines to withdraw his resignation.
Portland has best claim to new ten-dollar "ex
position note." Page 1.
The Ohio State Board of Arbitration prevented
a street-car strike at Dayton. Page 5.
Portland baseball team won third victory over
Seattle 3 to 0. Page 3.
Tacoma. beat Spokane 7 to 2. Page 3.
National and American League scores. Page 3.
Michigan won In the "BlgNlne" coll-ge meet
at Chicago. Page 3. "
Decision of Supreme CoukX means better sal
aries for many county officials for Washing
ton. Page 13.
Corner on wood supply of Salem has not been
broken. Page 5.
Coroner's Jury was unable to place guilt for
California lynching. Page 4.
A 510,000 frultpacklng-house will be established
at Vancouver, Wash. Page 4.
Story of Kansas man being robbed of 517,000
In Seattle turns out to be a fake. Page 4.
Portland market quotations'. Page 23.
Domestic and foreign commercial news and
quotations. Page 23.
New York stock market transactions. Page 10.
British bark Poltalloch will soon ' be in deep
water. Page 11.
French ship chartered for Portland before she
was completed. Page 11.
Moran Bros, have difficulty In saving the Wil
lamette. Page 11.
British bark Province makes a flying passage
to Europe. Page 11.
Barkentlne Monitor has been given up as lost.
Portland and Vicinity.
Y. M. C. A. raises 556,313 for the building
fund. Page 13.
Ohio Society takes up proposition to raise
58000 needed for Oregon Volunteers' monu
ment fund. Page 8.
L. G. Clarke writes from China of Portland's
opportunities in the Orient. Page 8.
Barbers walk out of two shops. Page 24.
Oregon City electric line and the. lty share ex
pense of street sprinkling. Page 10.
Ex-Postmaster Rlddell, of The Dalles, acquit
ted of charge of withdrawing letters. Page 8.
Yacht race a failure because of displacement
of buoy. Page 24.
Featnres and Departments.
Social. Pages 13 and 14.
Drama and Music. Pages 16 and 10.
Book Review. Page 17.
Illustrated article on rhododendron season at
Yaqulna Bay; article on June, the month of
flowers. Page 25.
Sports, including review of the week and 'fu
ture announcements. Page 20.
Humor and Poetry, including cartoons by
O'Hara. Page 27.
Children. Page 28.
Fashions, Including Nina Goodwin's Paris let
ter, and other matters of interest to" women
readers. Page 20.
Carpenter writes of Australian railways, wlih
illustrations; the opening up of Kansas In
dian reservations. Page 30.
Thirteenth installment of .serial story by An
thony Hope, "Tristram of Blent. Page 31.
Illustrated articles. "Lake Chapala; -Mexico's
Inland Sea," and "Harvard's Tribute to
Ralph Waldo Emerson." Page 32.
IS PORTLAND NOTE
Its Claim to New Ten-Dollar
Bill is Best
FACTORS IN THE SELECTION
Treasnry Department Desired to
Commemorate Some Event of Ex
pansion in OnrHIstory and Se
cure Marked Featnres.
WASHINGTON, June ,1. In casing
about for a suitable figure to adorn the
face of the new ten dollar note, the Treas
ury Department found In the National
I PRIJfCIPAIi FIGURES "WHICH WILL
Museum of this city a magnificently pre
served specimen of the American buffalo,
or bison. For many years one of the most
attractive exhibits in the museum has
Jjeen. group, of huBtelvrnowoted. many
ages and of both sexes- The largest flg
ur&in the group Is one of the finest speci
mens now in existence, and shows the
King 61 -xhe prairies, in a natural pose,
strikingly lifelike In appearance, and with
every feature perfectly preserved.
It was the aim of the department to
select some figure for the face of the new
note which, would be 'a distinguishing-feature,
and at the, same time add to its. ar
tistic appearance. When the full design
for the face of this note is made up, .with
vignettes tof Lewis and Clark on either
side of the buffalo, " it is generally (Con
ceded that it will be one of fhe most Im
pressive notes"eVer issued "by 'the "General
Government. True art v rather than mod
ern style is employed in the design, and
will form a most pleasing contrast to re
cent issues of notes,, which have been
subject to such general .criticism, and
lacked the dignity which should character
ize our national currency.--
It was first thpught that the.headjof the
buffalo would make a better appearance
than the entire figure," but" repeatedv-a't-tempts
failed, to uphold'thls theory, and
the whole figure will, appear in the center
of the new note. Under old issues, notes'
of various. deopmlp&tlons r have borne a
general similarity on, their face,, and much'
confusion arose therefrom, With conse
quent complaint. ,The-new ten-dollar note
will be the second issued on the new
plan of having a dlstlngulshlngfigure on
its face. The new five, with a bust of an
Indian in war feathers, was the first to
appear. The Indian is distinctively
American, and may properly be accorded
a place on the national paper currency.
Moreover, this Indian note has been de
clared exceptionally attractive and artis
tic in effect. But above all, It abounds in
individuality. So It will be with the new
ten. There never was, and never will be
another note bearing on its face a .vig
nette of a buffalo. A single glance at this
noto will establish Its denomination, and
avoid confusion. The buffalo, more than
the customary "X" will be its distinguish
ing feature. Like the Indian, the buffalo
is distinctively and .solely American. Like
the Indian, it will soo'n bo extinct, which
is another reason for commemorating
America's native animal. In such a befit
ting way. Being a Western animal, known
in nearly every Western state, it is natural
to suppose that the new note will become
quite popular in that section. This is a
rriere matter of sentiment; but officials say
that this matter of sentiment is quite
deep-rooted, and has considerable influ
ence upon the circulation of certain issues
of' notes. - ,
As previously explained in these dis
patches, the new ten "dollar note has pop
ularly been called the "Exposition Note,"
Inasmuch as three cities have set up the
claim that the note was prepared in
commemoration of their expositions, cur
rent or to come. The fact that vignettes
of Lewis and Clark will also appear on
the face of this new note, gives Portland
a better title to such a claim than either
Buffalo or St. Louis.
There was a number of factors which
led up to the selection of Lewis and Clark
to appear on the note. The center figure
was first selected, and then attention
turned to the sides. This being an age of
expansion. It was desired to commemorate
some event In our history which added to
our territory. The agitation being pro
moted by the city of Portland, in sup
port of its 1903 fair, called attention to the
exploits of Lewis and Clark. The depart
ment "recognized in these exployers . two
Americans who had added to the United
States one of the richest and most fertile
sections now under our flag. Little has
been done in the past to4 commemorate the
exploits of Lewis and Clark, and for this
reason, it was decraed to use their por
traits for the new note. In fact, as well
as In theory, Portland is entitled, to some
claim on the new note. Buffalo set up the
claim, but the Buffalo exposition will be
closed or nearly closed by the time the
note makes its appearance. The claim of
J3L Louis that the note Is Issued in com
memoration of the Louisiana Purchase
Exposition Is almost ridiculous. It bases
its claim on the mere fact that the buffalo
was a native of most of the states em
braced In the purchase. Portland's claim
is paramount to all others.
CAPTAIN HOWGATE DEAD.
Ex-Chief Signal Officer in the United
WASHINGTON, June L Captain Henry
W. Howgate. ex-Chief Signal Officer In
the United States Army, died suddenly
this afternoon of cerebral hemorrhage at
his home In this city. He was 67 years
Captain Howgate had a singular and
eventful life. While a trusted officer of
the Signal Service he was charged with
appropriating a large amount of Gov
'ernment funds and placed under arrest.
His escape and flight were attended with
many dramatic features, for by a ruse he
got away from a Government officer hav
ing him in charge, while the latter sup
posed his prisoner was taking a bath. For
years he remained in hiding, and not un
til four years after his escape was he lo
cated by secret service detectives as pro
prietor of an obscure book store in New
York. He was brought back here, tried
and convicted. After serving a sentence
in the Albany County penitentiary, he re
turned to Washington last December.
Captain Howgate was known as a scien-
ADORX THE AEW TEN-DOLLAR
tlst of ability. He gave much attention
to Arctic researches and was the author
of what Is known as the Howgate colon-
J Izatlon plan for reaching the North Pole
by means of stations along the, route- His
attainments were such thaf he doubtless
would have made a name for himself In
the scientific world had it not been for
Captain Howgate was born in England.
In 1862 he was appointed a Second Lieu
tenant in the Twenty-second Michigan
yolimteers and served "to the end of the
war with distinction, earning promotion
for gallant and meritorious service in the
battle o Chlcamauga and In the Atlantic
campaign.- At the close of the war he
entered the regular Army and rose to the
rank, of Captain of the Signal Corps.
Ex-Jndgrc Hall, of Oregon.
OAKLAND, . June 1. Gilbert Hall, an
ex-Oregon judge, died this morning at his
home in this city. He had been a resi-
dent of Oakland for the past eight years.
Synod DlscjnKsedthe Report on Se
, . cret Societies.
PITTSBJJRG,? June 1. Discussion of the
report of" the committee on' secret socie
ties took up nearly ,the entire morning
session of the ' Reformed Presbyterian
"Syn'od of America. -The resolutions In
regard -to . the labor, unions . were sub
jected to some argument. Several speak
ers, Including ex-Moderator -Foster, de
nounced labor unions, asserting that they
.do. not leave a free field for labor, hold
their meetings on Sunday, and that they
are pernicious In their Influences and
wrong In principle. The sign of a labor
organization was called "the mark of the.
beast" by Dr. Bobb, of Sharon, la.
Rev. J. W. Carlisle, of Newburg, N. T.;
J. C. McFeeters and T. P. Stephenson op
posed the resolutions, claiming that they
lavarea me capuuusts una mat ine laDor-"
Ing classes were forced to organize for
protection. A standing vote to recommit
the resolutions and have them made
stronger wa3 then carried by a vote of
71 to 54. The committee, after a few min
utes' consideration, changed the resolu
tion to read as follows:
"That we reaffirm our testimony against
all secret oathbound societies and that we
regard membership in most of the labor
and trades unions, as at present organ
ized and controlled, as dangerous, and
remind our members that he law of
Chrl3t forbids joining any labor union
which has either an Immoral obligation of,
a 'promise to keep Inviolate, as long as
life remains, any rights or regulations,
the Issue of which he Is necessarily Ig
norant." Before the recommitment of the reso
lution was adopted, the order of the day
was called for. The discussion will be
continued Monday morning.
Lntheran General Synod.
DESr MOINES, la, June!. The Evan
gelical Lutheran General Synod today
celebrated the 20th anniversary o.f the
establishment of a Western superliitend
ency of home missions and the appoint
ment of Dr. Samuel B. JBarnltz. of Des
Moines, Western secretary. The report
of the Pastors' Fund Society showed that
the number of widows and ministers aided
during the past blennium had been 96.
Warrant for Arrest of Ex-Juilgc.
SAN FRANCISCO. June 1. William P.
Gamble, a deputy United States Marshal,
left for Nome tonight, via Seattle, armed
with a warrant for the arrest of ex-Judge
Dudley Dubose, found guilty of contempt
by the United States Circuit Court of
Appeals, and a summons upon Judge
Noyes and United States District Attorney
Woods to -show cause why they should
not be punished for contempt.
Wants Protection for Employes.
WILKESBARRE, Pa.June 1. Superin
tendent Keith, of the Lehigh Valley Rail
road Company, has appealed to Mayor
Nlccols for protection for the non-union
machinists whom the company has
brought here. Superintendent Kefth says
the yard is besieged by breaker boys ev
ery evening and the non-union men are
GUESTS OF THE KING
American Millionaires Re
ceived at Windsor.
MORGAN CENTER OF INTEREST
Delegates of the Neiv Yorlc Chamber
of Commerce "Were "Warmly Re
ceived by Edvrard and
WINDSOR, England. June l.-Twenty-one
American gentlemen, dressed in deep
cfkM British court mourningV peS
resenting many millions of money and
vast commercial interests, were the
guests of King Edward today at Windsor
Chr'6 V,VdeleBate of a New York
Chamber of Commerce. The visit was
arranged by the London Chamber of
Commerce, the president of which. Lord
Brassey, accompanied the American
party The visitors were greatly S
pressed and pleased by the audience with
the King, who, the Associated Press
learns, was just as interested at meeting
them as they were at meeting him. The
King had expressed considerable curiosity
to see what manner of men these multi
millionaires might be, especially Messrs.
Morgan and CarnpSIe. As regards the lat
ter, the King was disappointed, for Mr.
Cornegie was unable to be present
From the King down, all the officials
concentrated their attention on Mr. Mor
gan. Their curiosity was not unmixed
with awe. One of the high officers of the
household humorously confessed that an
Inspection .of the list of visitors made
them tremble lest Mr. Morgan or one of
the millionaires should take a fancy to
Windsor and buy it.
Apart from this personal point of view,
the Associated Press was officially in
formed by Lord Pelham-Cllnton. the mas
ter of the household, that the King re
garded the presence in England of such
a representative body of business men as
highly significant of the close and friend
ly relations existing between the two
countries, and in furtherance of that feel
ing he was delighted to welcome them to
his castle and make their acquaintance.
After an inspection of the grounds tho
delegates were taken to the east terrace,
whore they were received by the King.
They were surprised to find that the
Queen was also present, for her appear
ance was quite unexpected. With the
King and Queen were the Princess Vic
toria and the children of the Duke and
Duchess of Cornwall and York. Each
delegate was formally presented to both
the King and Queen, shaking their hands.
This ceremony over, the King asked the
American visitors to replace their hats on
their heads, and both he and the Queen
then commenced to chat in the most
trlendly way with the little group. The
King remembered meeting previously
William Butler Duncan and James W.
PInchot, much to their astonishment.
This little reminiscence over, the royal
party and the Americans chatted on vari
ous subjects. The King apparently avoid
ed business and politics beyond reiterat
ing how glad he was to meet so many
well-known men from America.
When the audience was over the dele
gates partook of a small feast and. re
passed the King and Queen, who were
having tea in the garden. The King
6tood up, took off his hat and bowed his
farewell. The delegates then returned to
London. President Morris K. Jessup said:
"We were most warmly welcomed, and
spent a most pleasant afternoon. One of
the most pleasant features was the un
expected presence of the Queen. Both sho
and the King were extremely affable. I
regard the occasion " as one that will
greatly strengthen the relations between
the two countries."
All the delegates said practically the
same thing. The following is a complete
list of those present: Morris K. Jessup,
Levi P. Morton, Cornelius N. Bliss, J.
Plerpont Morgan, J. Plerpont Morgan, Jr.,
John Terry, George Wilson, Isidor Strauss,
William Butler Duncan, James Speyer,
Foster Higgins. Eugene Delace, A. Barton-Hepburn,
John I. Waterbury, George
G. Ward. Levi C. Weir, William H. Par
sons, James McCreery, J. W. PInchot,
Vernon H. Brown, George Bowdoln and
W. Bayard Cutting.
Rarely if ever has London been so full
of prominent Americans as . at present.
Many of them have been attracted hero
by the Chamber of Commerce love feast,
but there are numbers who have come to
England for other reasons, pf,' these a
goodly percentage, several of them being
themselves members of the New York
Chamber of Commerce, have asked for
invitations to the dinner of June 5, but
unsuccessfully, for the banqueting hall
will hold only a limited number. Such
well-known figures 'In public life as Levi
P. Morton, ex-Senator Edward O. Wol
cott. Senator William A. Clark, Cornelius
N. Bliss, J. F. Morgan and a host o'C
others are frequently seen in the streets
and hotels. Of leading American business
men whose names are not so well known
to tho public there is a perfect legion
intent on securing British contracts or
supervising Interests already established
on this side of the water.
The Mortons are staying at their lovely
country house, Virginia Water, taking
frequent trips to town. Mr. Wolcott, who
Intends to stay In London about a month,
finds It so enjoyable that he Is not going
to the Continent, as he first Intended.
"I am having a very flne time," said Mr.
Wolcott, "and think all Americans hero
are doing the same." Senator Clark is
combining business with pleasure, pur
chasing bric-a-brac and looking out for
his copper Interests.
Death Rather Than Arrest.
CHICAGO, June 1. Confronted by a po
liceman with his pistol half drawn, and
with a crowd of men and boys led by
another officer closing in on him from be
hind, August W. Grlfflng turned a re
volver against his temple last evening
and committed suicide. He was seeking
to escape arrest on a charge of horse
stealing, and when brought to bay end
ed his life rather than submit to the dis
grace of capture. Griffing at one time
had considerable money, but lost it all
In a venture In the Yukon district In 1S96.
After his return from Alaska, two years
later, he went to work as a detective In
San Francisco. He also performed de
tective work for the authorities of Og
Historic Stone Unearthed.
OTTAWA, June 1. The borers engaged
in excavating for the foundation of a new
building on Queen street have located
the long-lost stone, fraught with so many
historic events, which marked the sceno
of the assassination of Hon. T. d'Arcy
McGee, one of the fathers of the Con
federation. One surface of the stcne was
polished, and in it was inscribed: "April,
1868. Here fell d'Arcy McGee."