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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 23, 1900)
VOL. XIX. NO. 52.
PORTLAira, OBEGON, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 23, 1900.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
4, m&ra i 1 41
THIRTY- PAGES mW I 1 ,
PACES 1 TO 12
KILLED BY A CLERK
Frank H. Morris. Auditor for
War Department, Slain.
TRAGEDY 1H THE CAPITAL CITY
Samuel MacDonald, of the Postofflce
Department, Committed the Seed
A Fueled Grievance and
Liquor Led Him to It.
WASHINGTON, Dec 22. Frank H.
Morris, of Ohio, Auditor for the "War
Department, was shot and Instantly
killed about 2:10 o'clock this afternoon
by Samuel MacDonald, also of Ohio, re
cently a disbursing clerk of the Treasury
in the former's office at the "Winder
building on Seventeenth street- Auditor
Morris was closeted alono with MacDonald
when the shooting occurred. In trying
to make his escape, MacDonald also as
saulted the watchman, Thomas Curisk,
with tho butt of his revolver. He was
arrested while leaving the building. Be
fore being taken into custody, however,
he shot himself in the stomach and also
made an ugly gash in his throat with a
email penknife. "When the officers ar
rived he was heard to exclaim: "I did it.
I know I am done for."
An eye-witness to the latter part of the
encounter between the two men stated
that upon hearing the sound of the shots
ho ran into the Auditor's office, which
he had Just left. Upon entering the
room he saw the two men struggling
in. each other's arms, MacDonald hold
ing his revqlver close to Morris' breast.
MacDonald, after firing, again attempt
ed to get out of the room, but encountered
clerks and employes, whom the sound of
tho firing had brought to the doors, and
then turned and fired again. This is
believed to have been the fatal shot.
Employes who knew MacDonald said he
had a grievance against Morris, whom
he claims was responsible for having
his pay reduced. Others, who knew
him said they could not attibute his
deed to anything but a diseased brain
from overindulgence In liquor.
Frank H. Morris was a native of Cleve
land, O., 49 years of age, and leaves a
widow and two sons. He entered the
Government service at the beginning of
the present Administration as Auditor
for the Navy Department. During the
first two years he made an exception
ally good record for efficiency, bringing
"the delayed work up to date, and put
ting the office In better shape than ever
before. A year and more ago Morris
was made Auditor for the War Depart
ment, changing places with Auditor
Brown. In his new place he maintained
his record as an executive officer and
coon had the work, which was much be
hind, mp tB "Gaffe. "He was well regarded
by the Treasury officials, but was not
popular with some of the subordinates
in his office, who complained that he
was unnecessarily harsh in his treatment
of them and( often exacted more work
than they could do. It Is "also said that
In, order to keep the work up to date
he would require them to work over
time and lose a part of their annual
vacations. The Treasury officials, how
ever, do not agree with these statements
and say that the Auditor required from
each, clerk a good day's work and no
MacDonald Is a brother of William H.
MacDonald, the well-known baritone
elnger of the Bostonlans, who Is said to
have educated him for the operatic stage.
He is unmarried, 5S years of age, and is
tall and fine looking. He also is from
Ohio, and has been In the Government
service since soon after the Civil War.
In 1SG9 he was removed from his position
as chief of division in the office of Com
missioner of Customs. In ISM he was re
appolted clerk in the office of the Auditor
for the War Department. In 1897, hef was
made disbursing officer in that office In
addition to his other duties, receiving In
all $2000 a year.
In February, 1900, his accounts were
found short 51000. and upon being re
quired to make an explanation, he
claimed that on one occasion he had for
gotten to close his safe on leaving the
office and that It" had been robbed of
$1000. He produced evidence which tend
ed to exonerate him from the charge of
taking the money and as he Immediately
made good the, amount, nothing further
was done except to reduce his salary to
$1400 and transfer him to the office of the
Auditor for the Postofflce Department,
where he was employed at the time of the
tragedy. It la stated that MacDonald
has been a hard drinker at times and that
many of his misfortunes can be traced
to this source. He has many friends,
however, who regard him as a man of
many excellent qualities.
MacDonald was removed to the Emer
gency Hospital where the doctors have
been engaged in trying to save his life.
He was bleeding profusely from the
gashes he had made across his throat,
but it was found on examination that
the jugular vein had not been pierced
and that the wound was not likely to
endanger his life. The bullet wound in
tho breast proved to be more serious.
The bullet entered the left breast below
the heart and lodged In the back be
tween the ribs. An operation was per
formed and the ball removed. The doc
tors were hopeful the man would pull
through, unless blood poisoning or other
unfavorable symptoms developeL While
MacDonald was In the hands of the sur
geons a policeman sat near him and kept
him under constant surveillance. Tech
nically ho is under arrest and in the
custody of the poMce, but while the fight
for his life- is going on. there will be
T.o restraint beyond surveillance. Owing
to the critical nature of his wounds, the
doctors have not permitted him to be
oen for the purpose of giving a state
ment. The desperate character of the struggle
between Morris and MacDonald Is dis
closed by the stories of the officials of
the Auditor's office, who were near the
scene of the tragedy. The Auditor sat
at his desk, signing the day's mall, when
MacDonald entered and asked Tor a few
minutes' private conversation with him.
Clerks in the adjoining office heard loud
talking, and MacDonald was apparently
threatening. Then they heard Morris turn
in his chair and come toward the door
way. Morris backed Into the room, Mac
Dorald following a few feet away. The
jflrst shot bad been fired just as Morris
hacked in. It missed the mark and was
Imbedded in the doorway. The clerks,
horrified, stepped forward to intervene,
hut as they did so. MacDonald reached
forward and grabbed Morris by the coat
collar and dragged him back into the Au
ditor's office. Now the men were breast
t breast. There was no time for the
p'erks to rush in. and no one saw what
fo.lowed imjwediately thereafter, but two
tthots were heard In rapid succession. It
Is evident that Morris sought to grab tne
weapon from his assailant, and that his
hand was over the barrel when the sec
end shot was fired, for his hand was
pierced, the ball then imbedding Itself in
the walL MacDonald then put the re
volver close to the Auditor's heart and
fired the third time. This time the bul
let went to its mark and Morris fell life
less. The clerks looked in and saw MacDon
ald standing over his -victim. As they
looked, they saw him turn the weapon
against himself and fire. Then bo walked
to the hall. MacDonald threatened the
life of any dne who dared intercept him.
It was then that he struck the watch
man, who was in the hall, and made an
effort to stop him. Going to the street
he sat down on a pile of bags and drew
the penknife from his pocket and slashed
his throat. Two police officers seized him.
He made no resistance and was taken to
The body of Morris was lifeless when
his subordinates reached his side. The
bosom of his shirt was powder marked
where the shot went in, showing how near
the weapon was held when the fatal shot
STARVATION IN PORTO RICO
Appalling Picture Drawn by an
JACKSONVILLE.. Fla., Dec 22. Dr. A.
D. Williams, assistant surgeon of the
A CANDIDATE FOR NEBRASKA SENATORSHIP.
ASSISTANT SECRETAIIY OF WAR M EIKLEJOHX.
WASHINGTON, Dec 22. Hon. George D. Meiklejohn, Assistant Secretary of War. left
Washington today for Lincoln, Neb. He has been granted leave of absence for 30 davs, and
will at once begin a formal canvass for the N ebraka Senatorshlp, made vacant by the re
tirement of Senator Thurston.
United States Army, has arrived from
Porto Rico, where he was detailed to
make a report on the condition of the
people as observed by him on a march
with soldiers across the Island. That re
port was made to the Adjutant-General,
Department of Porto Rico, San Juan. A
copy of the report was given out tonight
by Dr. Williams.
"At Los Marios," the report says, "wo
began to see the vanguard of misery.
In that small squalid town there is no
medical man. Many were sick. M. Ton
quian, the American school teacher there,
said that many of the people there were
In great distress. I asked him the cause
of so much sickness and so many deaths.
He answered without hesitation, 'for
want of food.' "
The report continues:
"At Adjuntas. the conditions were ap
palling. Men, women and children swol
len and bloated, appeared weighted with
tle sorrows of years. When I asked the
city physician of Adjuntas the cause of
such a large death rate, 58 deaths and
four births In the week Immediately pre
ceding our visit there, he replied: The
death rate Is about the same every week.
The prime cause Is chronic starvation.' "
Dr. Williams, in his report, declares that
with 14 patients In the hospital at that
place and three nurses, the municipal au
thorities allow the steward to draw only
51 a day In municipal stamps for the
subsistence and care of the patients and
that the steward can realize only 50
cents with his stamps and with that
amount daily he has to supply the scanty
BOOT WAS FATAL.
Philadelphia- Touth Dead as a Re
sult of a Boxing Contest.
PHLADELPHIADec 22. Frank Barr,
aged 19 years, died late tonight in a hos
pital here, following a boxing contest at
the Philadelphia Athletic Club. Joseph
Kelley, who was Barr's opponent, and
Frank Henderson, the referee, were ar
rested. For the past few days a tourna
ment between local amateurs has been
In progress at the club. Thursday night
Barr was knocked out by a boxer who
was afterwards disqualified on the ground
of professionalism. This allowed Barr to
enter the final. He boxed four rounds
with Kid White and was awarded the
decision. He then met Kelley. The first
round was fast, and Kelley sent Barr to
the floor. Henderson, under the amateur
rules, stopped the round. Barr came up
for the second round, and Kelley so far
outclassed him that the fight was stopped.
Barr staggered as he was leaving the
ring, and It was decided to send him to a
hospital. Here It was found he had a
fractured skull, and death followed soon
Victim of the Six-Day Race.
NEW YORK. Dec 22. Oscar Aaronson,
the bicycle rider, died In the New York
Hospital this afternoon from injuries re
sulting from his fall during the six-day
bicycle race in Madison-Square Garden.
Mannfncturlng: Companies Burned.
BRDDGEPORT, Conn., Dec. 21 The
Hotchkiss Company's building was de
stroyed by fire today, entailing a loss oi
JSO.000. Besides the Hotchkiss Company,
the Ives Manufacturing Company and tb
Connecticut Clasp Company occupied the
burned building, and all suffered a total
I loss of stock.
THE RAID OF BOERS
Dutch Tearing Up the Rail
way in Cape Colony.'
SEVERAL SHARP ENGAGEMENTS
British. Casualties at XooltRedncht
00 Killed and 1G2 Wounded
London Has a Rumor That
LONDON, Dec 23. Since Lord Kitch
ener's dispatch of Wednesday last, re
porting the crossing of the Orange River
into Cape Colony of two bands of Boers,
nothing official concerning events in
South Africa has reached the public
Last Mcht the news was most meagre.
Reports were received from Cape Town
that the railway had been torn up In
three places north of De Aar.
A column of 500 of all arms under com
mand of Major Shute left Colesburg De
cember 18 by the Phllippstown road to
relieve a post of 20 yeomen who were
Invested on a farm at Hamelfonteln. The
Boers had been beaten off by the yeomen
before the relieving column arrived. Two
wounded Boers were captured. They
stated that their party had lost two killed
and 12 wounded.
A Standcrton dispatch, dated Decem
ber IS, says a sharp encounter took place
with two parties of Boers near Kalks
prult. 10 miles south of the railway. Ono
of the Boer parties numbered 300. Both
were routed after obstinate resistance.
One retired in the direction of Gobelsaar's
Drift and the other toward "Villlersdorp.
It Is supposed that they lost severely.
The British force lost two wounded and
captured a quantity of livestock and for
age. Many people of all classes gathered
about the War Office last evening anxious
for the welfare of friends engaged in the
war, and especially those connected with
the regiments which were engaged In
the Nooltgedacht battle. At a late hour,
a list of the casualties to non-commissioned
officers and men was posted, show
ing that 60 had been killed and 162
The Evening; Standard says it hears a
report has reached London that Kimber
ley Is seriously threatened by Boers.
None of the leading African firms Inter
ested In Kimberley has received informa
tion tending to confirm the Standard's
Something? Serious Happening:.
NEW YORK, Dec 22. A dispatch to
the Journal and Advertiser from London
Something very serious Is happening to
the British In South Africa. Lord Kitch
ener has completely shut oft the news.
Serious Cabinet meetings and numerous
portentous conferences are taking place
at the War Office, while reinforcements
of cavalry and irregular troops are being
hurried out with all possible speed.
The Imperial Yeomanry are clamoring
to come home. They went out for a year
and siw the pampered favorites of the
Household Cavalry and the City Imperial
Volunteers relieved, while they have been
given the nastiest work of the whole cam
paign. The government now offers to pay
them Jl 25 a day If they stay. This Is an
Increase from their present pay of 2S
conts. The Colonials are demanding to be
returned. This Is in the face of great
Another Boer Force Crosses.
CAPE TOWN. Dec 22. The Boers who
I' have invaded Cape Colony are command
ed by Generals Hertzog, Philip Botha and
Haasbroek. Besides the commandos al
I ready reported, another force has crossed
at Zoutzpam to reinforce all the Boers
ANTWERP DOCK STRIKE.
Thirty Rioters Wounded" In a. Charge
ANTWERP, Dec 22. The striking dock-
i men became more defiant today, and their
, attitude resulted in several conflicts wltn
the police, one of which was serious. Dur-
lng the morning, groups of strikers inter
fered with tho men who ere coming
from the provinces to take their places,
and in several instances the new men
were maltreated. This aftenioon, an at
tempt was made to resume operations at
the Cockrlll wharf, and 2000. strikers at
tempted to prevent the resumption. The
strikers were dispersed by the police with
drawn sabers, and under police protec
tion work was begun by ,the foreign
hands. Later, the strikers menaced men
who were working upon the steamer
Maze and threatened them with death.
Tho workmen were put to flight. Tho
most serious outbreak of the. day occurred
at the Cockrlll wharf, where the strikers
reassembled and were charged by ihe""po
lice with drawn sabers. The? officers used
their revolvers also, and it is stated that
30 men were wounded. The! rioters were
dispersed upon the arrival of police rein
forcements. Tonight the docks are quiet.
It Is said that the agitators have decided
not to make any manifestation tomorrow,
desiring to respect the entrance into the
city of Prince and Princess Albert, of
Belgium. The Burgomaster has taken se
vere police precautions to prevent an outbreak.
NO JOY FOR HER
Another Sorry Christmas for Mrs.
LONDON, Dec. 22. Once again Mrs.
Florence Maybrlck spends an unhappy
Christmas In her prison cell. In spite
of the various reports, her chances
of liberty are no brighter than
last year. Secretary Hay has for
warded to Mr. Chcate several pri
vate letters, which will shortly be pre
sented to the new Home Secretary, Mr.
Ritchie, In accordance with the custom
of approaching each new occupant of
that office. But the Associated Press
learns there Is no possible chance of any
thing being done so long as Lord Salis
bury is Lord High Chancellor. Were
the Cabinet to discuss the matter, as It
did once before, It could only refer it to
the crown's chief advlsqr. Lord Salis
bury, who apparently made tho Maybrlck
case the basis of a feud with the late
Lord Chief Justice Barpn Russell, of
Klllowen, and cherishes" it just as bitterly
now as before Lord Russell's death. When
a new Chancellor Is appointed, Mrs. May
brlck will have a good chance of free
dom. The Duchess of Bedford, who is re
ported to be especially Interested in Mrs.
Maybrlck, tells the Associated Press that
she only sees the celebrated prisoner In
the course of her regular visits to Ayles
bury Prison, has Interest in her case, and
does not Intend to express any opinion
of her guilt or innocence,
W. R. Hobbs, head of the recently
formed Canadian Furniture Combine, now
In London, has decided that the Canadians
have no need of the assistance or of
the co-operation of English financiers
which was originally projected. A sig
nificant fact showing Canada's progres-j
is that sufficient funds, are easily ob
tained there, while the new law coming
into force January 1 in the United King
dom imposes an almost; prohibitory tax
ation on new corporations.
Russia. "Warned Agr&inst Germany.
I ST. PETERSBURG. -Dec. 22. TaWnff
w unconnnnea rumor, mat Germany
and Turkey have slgneala pearl fisheries
convention in regard to the Persian
Gulf for lis text, the Novoe Vremye
urges that the Russian Government ex
ercise eternal watchfulness upon Ger
many's progress and designs In the near
er Orient, declaring her industrial and
commercial activity is a cloak for po
A Japanese Minister Resigns.
NEW YORK, Dec 22. A dispatch to
the Harld from Toklo says:
Baron Hoshl Torn. Minister of Commu
nications, has resigned his post on, ac
count of an accusation of bribery in con
nection with the street-cleaning con
tracts of the City Council. It. Is not be
lieved that this resignation, even If per
sisted In, will cause a Cabinet crisis.
Strike at Genoa.
ROME, Dec 22. The strike at Genoa
begins to look grave. The strikers have
declined the propositions made to them
and have decided to continue the strike.
Troops have been sent to Genoa. Ves
sels are unable to leave that port, and
It is feared the electricians and gas
men will Join In the movement, leaving
the city in darkness.
THE CUDAHY CASE.
Police Rave Not Yet Captured the
OMAHA, Dec. 22. There were no de
velopments of Interest today In the kid
naping case of Edward Cudahy, Jr., who
was seized and forcibly carried from a
point near his home Tuesday night and
hold for $23,000 ransom. The discovery of
the house In which the young man was
imprisoned has, however, also led to
other clews, which promise to develop
Into something more definite In the near
future. From persons living In the vicin
ity of the building the police have se
cured a good description of members of
the gang, and their method of operation,
the time they left the city and the di
rection In which they started. Mr. Cud
ahy Is taking personal account of. all that
is being done and watching keenly the de
velopments. He will not talk of the mat
ter, however, beyond stating his belief
that the police have the matter well in
hand and will soon effect the capture of
part or all of the gang.
DENVER, Dec 22. A man answering
the description of Pat Crowe, who is sus
pected of being the leader of the Omaha
gang of kidnapers, was seen to Jump from
the Union Pacific train from the East
this morning when it slowed up in the
railroad yard. Later In the day a saloon
keeper Informed the police department
that he had seen Crowe on the streets
today. Detectives are looking for him.
TO WELCOME THE CENTURY
Plans for a Monster Religions Re
vival. NEW YORK, Dec 22 It was announced
tonight that a secret committee meeting
was held In this city today at which plans
were perfected to hold a monster religious
revival to usher In the 20th century. This
revival is to "be the fruition of the plan
evolved by the late Dwight "L. Moody,
which his friends took up and have en
listed In its support the most prominent
Christian workers of the country. It Is
to be National In scope, with New York
as the center. It is to be absolutely un
denominational In character. The lead
ers Include a majority of the leading
Evangelical clergymen of Greater New
York, besides William R. Moody, son of
the dead evangelist. John Willis Baer, of
Boston, secretary of the United Society
of Christian Endeavor; John R. Mott of
the International Y. M. C. A.; General O.
O. Howard, of New 'York, and General J.
J. Estey, of Battleboro, VL
Raids la "trachea District.
CANTON, Dec 22. The rebels in tho
Wachon district descended from the hills
and pillaged the low lands. The soldiery
Is unable to prevent their raids.
BOUNTY ON SCALPS
Oregon Has Paid Out Nearly
$100,000 Since 1899.
ALMOST 50,000 ANIMALS KILLED
3ilnety-flve Per Cent of Varmints
Were Coyotes Less Than $10,000
Paid Into Fond Remainder
Outstanding In Warrants.
SALEM, Or., Dec 22-Under Oregon's
scalp bounty law passed by the Legis
lature in 1S99, almost 50,000 scalps of wild
animals have been presented to the
County Courts of this state, and scalp-
MERR1AM MAY ENTER THE CABINET.
NEW YORK, Dec. 22. A special to the World from Washington says: There is a per
sistent rumor 'that ex-Governor "William R. Merrlam. of Minnesota, now Director of tho Cen
sus, will be given a place in the Cabinet some time after March 4.
bounty warrants to the amount of $100,
00) have been Issued by the Secretary of
State therefor. While no separate record
Is kept of the different classes of scalps,
officials who have charge of this part
of the state's business estimate that 47,
000 of these scalps were taken from coy
otes, and the other 3000 divided among
wild cats, cougars, mountain lions and
timber wolves. Nearly all the scalps
taken In Western Oregon counties are
from wild cats and cougars, and prac
tically all the coyote scalps were taken In
Eastern Oregon. The following table
shows the number of sheep assessed In
each county In 1SS9, and the number of
scalps that have been presented from each
county In the past two years, the bounty
fund being made up by a levy of 1 cent
on each sheep and a tax-uf one-fourth of
a mill on nil other taxable" property:
Baker , Gl.TtiG 1.016
Benton 17.024 63
Clackamas 9,504 233
Clatsop G08 150
Columbia 1.373 12S
Coos 10.178 126
Crook 17C.994 3.2G4
Curry 20.SG2 137
Douglas 25 338 G3S
GUUam 74 375 1,579
Grant 03.424 2.226
Harney 51.1D5 10.524
JackFon 4,706 054
Josephine 206 222
Klamath t 6.000 1.026
Lake .00.861 4.146
Lane 21.835 301
Lincoln 5.S32 160
Malheur 86.9S2 5,170
Marlon - 25 203 114
Morrow 150,100 2,717
Multnomah 1.053 16
Polk 25.053 8
Sherman 34.S23 00
Tillamook 1.430 403
Umatilla 157.606 5.015
Union 43 310 1.575
Wallowa 06,512 1,135
"Wasco 116.653 2.478
Wheeler 01.663 1,740
Yamhill 19.261 71
Totals 1,559.839 40.975
These scalps are paid for at the rate of
$2 each, maklne the total due therefor
$99,950. Thus far less than $10,000 has
been paid Into the scalp bounty fund".
It is estimated) by a man who has lived
many years in Eastern Oregon and who
has traveled over that section of the
state considerably, that two years
ago there was on an average one coyote
for every square mile of land. There
are some 67,000 square miles In the coun
ties cast of the summit of the Cascade
Range, and It is perhaps a safe estimate
that there were 67.000 coyotes preying ud
on rabbits, squirrels, birds and sheep In
that section two years ago. But because
47,000 have been killed since then. It does
not follow that only 20,000 are now roaming
the Rralries. Coyotes multiply rapidly
andjreplenlsh the earth with their species.
It Is said by men familiar with the habits
of the animal that the state might pay
for the killing of 47,000 coyotes every two
years for 20 years and still have as many
coyotes left as were In existence at the
end of tho first two years. This, of
course, provided that the region in which
the animals live should remain unsettled
and unoccupied, as It is at present, except
for grazing purposes.
California enacted a scalp-bounty law
in 1S9L offering $3 for each coyote scalp.
At the end of 18 months after the enact
ment of the law, warrants to the amount
of $130,000 had been Issued. As the expen
diture on this account did not diminish
ffrom year to year, the law was repealed.
While 47,000 scalps have been reported
as taken in the Eastern Oregon counties.
It does not necessarily follow that this
number of coyotes have been killed In
that section of the state. It Is whispered
"by men who hall from the southeastern
corner of the state that when residents
cf near-by sections of California, Nevada
and Idaho have the good fortune to kill
a coyote, they give the scalp to some
Oregon friend, to whom it Is as good as
cash. Whila tha law cntenrplates that
Oregon money shall be paid for the scalps
of only Oregon coyotes, the men who
collect money for coyotes killed In Cali
fornia probably quiet their conscience by
arguing that 50 or 100 miles distance Is
nothing to a coyote, and the animal
might have been away from home on a
visit or might have. In a few days, taken
up his abode in Oregon. The coyote la of
a roving disposition and cares little for
home ties. Still, It Is to be presumed
that all of these 47,000 coyotes were killed
in Eastern Oregon.
Much of the $100,000 that Is now due on
outstanding scalp bounty warrants will
go Into the pockets of warrant specula
tors. That Is, if the warrants are ever
paid. There are some who express a
doubt that the Legislature will appro
priate money for the payment of these
warrants. Because there has been a
question as to the payment of the war
rants, the holders have been ready to sell
them at a discount, In some cases as low
as 23 per cent. It Is supposed that a
few warrants have been sold for 70 cents
on the dollar, and probably the most of
those sold have netted the original hold
ers not over SO per cent of their face
value. If the Legislature which meets
next month should appropriate money to
pay these claims, the Investors would
make a neat profit on their Investment;
but if the warrants should be repudiated
or their payment enjoined on the ground
that they were Issued In pursuance of
an unconstitutional law, the loss would
fall heavily upon the speculators. It Is
said that merchants in Eastern Oregon
towns havo taken the scalp-bounty war
rants in payment for provisions, clothing,
etc. 'Whether the men who killed the
coyotes still hold the warrants, or wbetner
they are In the hands of purchasers, It Is
argued that the state is in duty bound
to see them paid, since the holders ob
tained tho warrants in reliance upon the
good faith of the state.
There Is a very general opinion that
the scalp-bounty law Is unconstitutional.
In 6ome of the counties of Oregon this
opinion has been so strong that the
County Courts have refused to levy the
required tax. But it appears that al
though some County Courts hold the law
to be unconstitutional part of the time,
they seem to think it not void all the
time. They hold It to be illegal -when the
time comes for levying, the tax, but when
some' farmer friend comes in with a scalp
the County Court holds the law to be
legal and sends up to the Secretary or
State evidence upon which that official
is required to Issue a scalp-bounty war
rant. In other words, the law Is uncon
stitutional In so far as It requires the
residents of the county to contribute to
the fund, but it Is constitutional In so
far as it authorizes the residents of the
county to draw money from the fund.
Since every county In the state, except
Washington and Linn, has recognized the
validity of the law In Its bounty-paying
provisions, It Is argued that they cannot,
with good grace, deny its validity In any
other respect. The chief argument against
the law has been that It Is for the benefit
of a particular section of the state.
Description of Coyote.
The appearance and general habits of
the coyote were never more pleasingly
described than by Mark Twain, who gives
this lively pen picture In "Roughing It":
"The coyote of the farther desert Is a
long, slim, sick and sorry-looking skele
ton with a gray wolfskin stretched over
it, a tolerably bushy tall that forever
sags down with a despairing expression
of forsakenness and misery, a furtive and
evil eye, and a long, sharp face, with
slightly lifted lip and exposed teeth.
"He has a general slinking expression
all over. The coyoote Is a living, breath
ing allegory of want. He is always hun
gry. He Is always poor, out of luck and
friendless. The meanest creatures despise
him, and even the fleas would desert him
for a velocipede. He is so spiritless and
cowardly that even while his exposed
teeth are pretending a threat the rest of
his face Is apologizing for it. And he is
so homely, so scrawny and rlbby and
coarse-haired and pitiful!
"When he sees you he lifts his lip
and lets a flash of his teeth out, and
then turns a little out of the course he
was pursuing, depresses hl3 head a bit
and strikes a long, soft-footed trot
through the sagebrush, glancing, over his
shoulder at you from time to time until
he is about out of easy pistol range, and
then he stops and takes a deliberate sur
vey of you. He will trot 50 yards and stop
again, another 50 and stop again, and
finally the gray of his gliding body blends
with the gray of the sagebrush and he
"But if you start a swift-footed dog
after him you will enjoy it ever so much,
especially if it is a dog that has a good
opinion of himself and has been brought
up to think he knows something about
speed. The coyote will go swinging off
on that deceitful trot of his, and every
little while he will smile a proudful smile
over his shoulder that will fill that dog
entirely full of encouragement and
worldly ambition and make him lay his
head still lower to the ground, and
stretch hl3 neck farther to the front, and
pant mora fiercely, and move his legs with
(Concluded on ecosd Page.X
PUT OUT OF OFFICE
Roosevelt Removed District
ANOTHER DEMOCRAT APPOINTED
Cause of the Governor's Conduct
Was the Action of the Kevr Yorlc
County Official ToTvard Chief
D every at Election Time.
ALBANY, N. Y.. Dec 22. Governor
Roosevelt announced tonight that he had
removed from office Asa Bird Gardiner,
District Attorney of New York County,
on charges preferred by Deputy Attorney
General H. H. Hammond. At the same
time the Governor made- it known that he
had appointed Eugene A. Philbln. of New
York City, Commissioner on the State
Board of Charities, and a Democrat, to
fill the vacancy. In a long memorandum
the Governor sets forth his reasons for
removing Colonel Gardiner. He says:
4The charge vitally affecting the con
duct of the District Attorney Is that
which relates to his attitude about elec
tion tlmo toward the indictment of Chief
of Police Devery, after the latter had
issued a scandalously improper and se
ditious order to the police force under
"Where the conduct of this District At
torney for the County of New York af
fects elections, this conduct becomes a
matter not merely of county, but of state
and National concern. Fraud or violence
at the polls In New York County In a
National election may concern not mere
ly the county Itself, not merely the other
counties of the state, but also the other
states of the Union. It Is a mere truism
to assert that honest elections, free from
both fraud and violence, stand at the
very basis of our form of Republican
self-government. There is no use in dis
cussing principles and issues unless It Is
settled that the conclusion which the ma
jority reaches upon such principles and Is
sues shall be honestly recorded In tho
election itself. There can be no possible
Justification for any man, and above all
for any public officer, failing to do every
thing in his power to prevent crime
against the ballot-box. There Is no more
serious crime against the state, and In
time of peace no crime as serious can be
Oldest German Field Marshal.
BERLIN, Dec. 22. Count von Blumen
thal, the oldest Field Marshal im the Ger
man Army, died last evening on his estate
SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT NEWS.
The canal treaty was received by the State
Department yesterday. Page 8.
More cadets were examined at tho Booz inves
tigation. Page 2.
H. Phelps Whltmarsh ha been appointed Gov
ernor of Ben suet. Pago 2.
Bulacan priests offer their allegiance. Page 2.
Rebels ara scattered In Panay and Cebu.
The Joint noto was signed at Pekla yesterday.
The State Department at Washington gave out
the text of the Joint note. Pago 13.
A foreign column from Pao Ting Fu engaged a
forco of Chinese regulars. Paga 13.
Boers ars tearing up tho railway la Capo Col
ony. Pase 1.
Englishmen show admiration for Dewet.
Public attention In Germany is occupied with
crime In high places. Pago 13.
Frank H. Morris, Auditor for tho War De
partment, was murdered by a department
cleric Page 1.
Governor Roosevelt removed District Attorney
Gardiner. Page 1. ,
The keel of tho new cup defender was cast.
Stato Superintendent Ackerman has prepared
bill for public school libraries In Oregon.
Oregon has paid out nearly $100,000 in scalp
bounties since 1899. Page 1.
A lono highwayman held up the Lakeview-
Palsley stage within one mile of the former
place. Paga 4.
Spokane decides to hold & mineral exposition
in 1002. Pago 4.
Well-informed Salem man points out several
inconsistencies In mining laws of Alaska.
Baker City's new Masonic temple has been
dedicated. Page 4.
Commercial and Marine.
New York finances are much improved.
Remarkable activity in New York stock mar
ket. Paga 23.
Portland's December wheat shipments to date.
Transport Saint Bede duo today. Pago 10.
Willamette River Invades lower docks. Pago 10.
German ship makes a fast passago from Rio
Janeiro. Paga 10.
Condition of tho wrecked City of Topeka.
Portland and Vicinity.
Arrest of man who- robbed Blue Mountain
Company's safe. Page 24.
Very busy day in all the Portland stores.
Hints that the New Year will bring railroad
rate troubles. Page 10.
Art Association has received gifts of the
value of $33,000. Page 0.
Society, in and out of town. Pages 14 and 15.
"The Drama" and music Pages 18 and IT.
The First Christmas." Page 18.
Books. Page 22.
"Merry Yuletide." Page 23.
"Should Be a Good Game"; "Should "Whale
Creation"; "Nipped in the Stretch"; mis
cellaneous sporting matter. Page 26.
"Tale of the Fat Mascot"; "Paw's Law to
Maw"; "Humor of the Season"; "Poems
"Worth Reading"; humorous miscellany.
"A Merry Christmas to Youl"; "Polly Misses
Her Train"; "Happy Xmas Homecoming";
"Famed Laddies of Song." Page 28.
Fashions and "Woman "Dainty Evening
Frocks"; "Latest Parisian Fashions";
"Nuisance of Nuisances": "Hints for tho
Table"; "Josephine, the Silly"; miscellany.
"Carpenter In the OrlenV; "Paderewskl'a Op
era"; miscellany. Page 30.
"Norman Holt," serial by General Charles
King. Page 31.
To Christmas, 1620"; "Xmas in tho Colo
nies"; "Ye Christmas Tree"; "From Head
io Foot"; "From Cradle to Grave";
"World's Congress of St. Nicks of AU Coun
tries"; Christmas poems. Page 82.
I !" . I f