Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
; PAGES 1 TO 12
THIRTY-TWO PAGES WLw I I if,
jS? 1 1 1 1 I ICl I I M&SmmL If II
YOL. XIX. NO. 51.
PORTLAND, OREGON, STODAY MQRNING, DECEMBER 16, 1900.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
GREAT FAIR IN 1905
Oregon Historical Society
Starts the Movement,
OTHER "OREGON" STATES ASKEQ
tr. John McLoughlln Criticised by
Mr. Mlnto Charming Paper br
Hrm. "Wilson AbbubI Reports
and Election of Officers.
The Oregon Historical Society,
recognizing: In the Iewis and Clark
Expedition to the Pacific Coast
not only the chief of those roman
tic and adventurous movements
which have ever characterized the
advance of the American pioneer
Bplrlt, but also an event of the
highest practical value, both dis
closing the worth and resources of
the vast region traversed and con
stituting one of the strongest links
In our chain of title to the "Ore
gon Country," as It was formerly
known, and deeming that the ap
proaching centennial anniversary
of this occupancy of Oregon soil
in the highest degree merits com
memoration with becoming acts
Resolved, That this society will
undertake to erect during the year
1905 on the site of Fort Clatsop an
imposing and enduring monument
to this great achievement in our
National history and to the mem
ory of the brave men who accom
That In connection with the erec
tion and dedication of this monu
ment the society recommends the
holding of a Northwestern Indus
trial Exposition at the City of Port
land, which shall fittingly portray
the progress and wealth of the re
gion with which this expedition Is
inseparably connected, and its re
lationship to the other states of
the Union, as well as to foreign
That the Governor of Oregon be,
and he hereby is, requested to sub
mit to the approaching session of
the Legislative Assembly this ac
tion on the part of the society and
to urge upon that body a cordial
and effective support of the move
ments contemplated, and that the
president and secretary of the so
ciety publicly Invite the people of
this state to co-operate in the ac
complishment of the ends In view;
That the Governor be, and he
hereby Is, requested to transmit to
the Governors of the States of
"Washington, Idaho, Montana and
"Wyoming, which were c6mprised,
in whole or In part, In the "Ore
gon Country." a copy of these res
v tilutlons, with an Invitation to the
people of said states to' participate
in the objects above set forth, and
that he request each of said Gov
ernors to submit his communication
to the next ensuing session of the
Legislative Assembly of their re
spective states for consideration
That the secretary communicate
to the Senators and Representa
tives In Congress from Oregon and
the other states above-named this
action of the society and solicit
their advocacy of such Congres
sional aid In the accomplishment
of the purposes above set forth as
.may be available.
The foregoing resolution by I. B. Cox
was adopted by the Oregon, Historical So
ciety at its annual meeting in the lecture-room
of the First Congregational
Church yesterday afternoon. There was
no discussion of the question, but a
round of applause followed a very de
cisive vote, that plainly said no words
were necessary to express unequivocal
indorsement of the project. As commem
orative of a historical event of National
significance and uniting healthy senti
ment with practical utility the peculiar
fitness of such celebration was recog
nized and received hearty approval.
Secretary's Annnal Report.
In the absence of President H. "W. Scott,
Vice-President C. B. Bellinger presided
at yesterday's meeting. There was a
large attendance. After the reading and
approval of the year-old minutes. Sec
retary Young presented his annual re
port, the chief part of which follows:
"Several new lines of activity were en
tered upon by the society at the opening
of Its second year. One of these was an
attempt to take systematically and thor
oughly the reminiscences of a few of the
earliest pioneers those In whose minds
were still fresh the vicissitudes of the
life of the mountain trapper, the experi
ences In crossing the plains when the
transcontinental trail was first being
opened, the adventures of fur trading ex
peditions, the relations of double sover
eignty over Oregon and the exciting Inci
dents connected with the general exodus
to California and mining life In ISIS and
1S19. H. S. Lyman, as the representative
of the society, went among the patriarchs
of the community on and around French
Prairie, where Oregon was cradled. Some
of the fruits of his work have appeared n
installments in the successive numbers
of the Quarterly. In the story of each
cr.e so far published that of Matihieu,
Labonte, Cosgrove and Case there Is a
Ivid Illustration of a distinct pioneer
type, and an emphasis upon some forgot
ten phases of life in early Oregon. This
period of earliest Oregon Is peculiar in
that the main dependence of its historian
must be upon reminiscences, and no rem
iniscences are more thrilling or Instruc
tive than those of an early Oregon pio
neer. "In the light of these considerations we
are painfully conscious that this work of
securing in enduring form the historical
wealth that the memories of our repre
sentative pioneers hold Is not progressing
rapidly enough. But -with new funds in
rand this activity will be resumed on a
cale commensurate with its Importance.
"The committee on memorials has per
performed services of conspicuous merit
In fixing and marking the exact loca
tions of such historic spots as the site
of Fort Clatsop, the "Winter quarters of
Lewis and Clark in 1S05-6; also the site
of the cairn on the beach where they
made salt. As all traces of the fort had
lorg since disappeared a most critical and
exhaustive array of evidence was ad
duced to Identify these localities. His
Excellency, Governor Geer, and other
representatives of the society, undertook
the locating of the spot where the suc
cessful meeting for organization was held
on May 2. 1S43. Under the guidance of
F. X. Matthleu, the only survivllng par
ticipator In the organization of the pro
visional government, they drove a stake
on the spot where Joe Meek, at the prit
lcal moment, called for that historic di
vision, the sequel to which was a fully
developed political organization of a com
munity of American pioneers the first,
and for several years the only one, on the
Pacific Coast. The fourth site that has
been Investigated was that of the de
cisive, battle of the Yakima "War. in
which Chief Peo-peo-mox-mox was killed.
But as this battle was found to have
been fought on ground wholly within the
limits of the present State of Washing
ton, nothing more Is in place for this
society until some authority of the State
of "Washington commission it with fur
"The title of five acres. Including the
site of Fort Clatsop, has been virtually
secured for the society by. a generous
patron. As Fort Clatsop marks the cul
minating point of an expedition of great
National significance, the building of a
monument to commemorate this eventls
a project that naturally enllst3 a Na
tional constituency. The Hon. L. B. Cox,
chairman of the committee en memorials,
has already received offers from persons
in the East to aid In erecting a suitable
monument. The spot at Champoeg, how
ever, is Oregon's own natal place, and
Oregon by public or private munificence
should see to It that the spirit of those
resolute, patriotic and competent com
monwealth fathers has fitting expression
in an enduring monument.
""While the society has during the year
picked up many valuable stray nuggets
In the shape of documentary sources. It
has not had the privilege of helping Itself
from any extensive mine. A representa
tive of the society, Principal J. R. Wil
son, has, however, located several Im
portant collections more easily exploited
than that of Bancroft In San Francisco,
or the archives of the Hudson's Bay Com
pany. Principal "Wilson found In the De
partment of the Interior memorials and
reports of Indian Agents beginning with
those of Dr. Elijah White, together cov
ering the period from 183S to 1S50. This
collection also Includes many letters writ
tent from Oregon during that period.
Then there are the log-books of the ves
sels that visited the Columbia In the
early days. These are to be found In the
Bureau of Navigation of the Navy De
partment. Copies of all these records are
obtainable, subject at most to the ex
pense of a copyist. Much most valuable
material could also be obtained by a sys
tematic colectlon of the correspondence
of early emigrants that was printed In
their home papers back In the Mississippi
Valley. The securing of these different
kinds of material would seem to furnish
advisable applications of the future funds
of the society.
"There is one relic of the struggles and
hardships of the early Oregonlans that
cannot be gathered up into our museum.
That relic, however, symbolizes what Is
most noteworthy and heroic in Oregon's
past. In the far stretches of the Ore
gon trail, from the banks of the Missouri
westward, we have" the most Impressive
witness to dauntless resolution such as
no other households ever dared before
or since. The roco-mlle groove across the
continent, mostly of sandy wallows and
wastes of arid cactus and sage-brush
plains, registers an exhibition of highest
fortitude and endurance. "Why should not
this natural highway that the Oregon
plorteers selected and, made historic be
come a memorial highway commemorat
Ing the most representative American
achievement? A transcontinental high
way has been seriously proposed andaY
National highway commission appointed.
The old Oregon trail is the most feas
ible, and by all odds the most appropri
"Year by year the life of the state in
all its phases, industrial, commercial, so
cial, educational, religious and political,
finds xpresslon In some form of literary
record. Reports are made, prospctuses
Issued, platforms adopted, programmes
distributed, or regular organs maintained
From thlse the historian, with the ad
vantage of perspective and comparison,
can determine the essential character of
the progress made in any period. Ore
gon of today cannot neglect the system
atic accumulation of such historical ma
terial without making the future Oregon
a pauper, dependent for light and guid
ance in progress upon the outside world
'The world's memory must be kept nllve,
says "Woodrow "Wilson, 'or we shall never
see an end of its old mistakes. "We are
In danger to become infantile in every
generation. This Is the real menace un
der which we cower In this age of
"With a complete set of the records of
the past of the state, well arranged and
available In conjunction with some great
library of American and general history
and political and natural science, the stu
dent and statesman of the future will be
encouraged to build every project for
change upon the solid basis of attained
growth and in line with the great tend
encies. With the habit fixed of requiring
the best possible light upon every meas
ure proposed, the development in every
line of policy would no longer be charac
terized by ups and downs or forward and
backward movements, or at best by a
zigzag course, but by one consistently
"The higher and stronger unity that we
all hope for In the Oregon of the future
will be conditioned in no small measure
upon the development of its counterpart
in the collections of a State Historical
Society. To that Tecord of the growth of
the fair proportions of the state woulff
the statesmen repair for the shaping of
those larger oolicles which the future is
sure to bring as man assumes Increas
ing mastery of his fate. Such -vital rela
tion to practical affairs has already been
realized by tho "Wisconsin society. 'If
you don't know, ask the Historical Soci
ety,' is a favorite dictum in tho "Wis
"This proposed expansion of our activi
ties and acceptance of our higher mission
as a State Historical Society would not
Involve any large Immediate outlay. De
votion, skill and depth of comprehension
In one or two persons with modern
library appliances would meet present re
quirements. These librarians would be
true missionaries for the future.
"A few years ago we, as a Nation,
prided ourselves on having fought a war
with our Navy on a scientific basis. A
historical society manned with trained
and progressive students of society would,
furnish Oregon with the material for pro
ceeding upon a scientific basis in the
making of her laws, organizing and ad
ministering her Institutions, managing
her schools, levying her taxes, controll
ing her corporations and selecting, raising
and marketing her productions. These
historical collections would be the accu
mulated and systematized records of ex
periments and activities In Oregon, along
with those of the other commonwealths.
A society performing such functions
would constitute a bureau of statistics,
working under the most effective condi
tions." Other Reports Presented.
The report of Assistant Secretary Hlmes
showed the total membership to number
27. Of thesp, 36S had been added In the
past year, within which period there were
26 losses by death.
Treasurer Charles E. Ladd's report
showed a balance on hand of more than
$300, but It was not read in detail, inas
much as It had not been examined by the
auditing committee, to which it was for
The committee on memorials 'presented
a report reciting Its work for the year.
(Cc-aduded on Ninth Page.)
FOR BUSINESS ONLY
Forecast of Work of Wash
NO SENATOR TO BE ELECTED
Creation of Railroad Commission,
Direct Primary Lair and Liquor
Legislation Are Most Important
Matters That "Will Come Vp.
SEATTLE. Dec 15. The coming session
of the "Washington Legislature gives
promise of being less Interesting than any i
mf f "sslons Jhlch ave preceded It.
j.m ia uue .o me laci mat zor me unt i
time in the history of the state the Leg
islature will not be charged with the duty
of electing a United States Senator, and
politicians and the public generally are
not looking forward to the session with
that same degree of Interest which they
have manlfestqd in the past. The fact
that the Legislature, has no Senator to
choose, however, may result in the pass
ing of laws fraught with great' conse
quences for the future. Some matters
are being discussed which, if an attempt,
is made to crystallize them into legis
lation, may result in the session being
more important than any of its prede
cessors. Briefly stated, these matters are: First,
tho creation of a Railroad Commission,
second, the passage of a direct primary
law; and, third, liquor legislation. Natu
rally, in view of the Issues of the recent
states campaign, the matter of railroad
legislation Is the most absorbing of these
three subjects, although as yet the press
of the state has devoted but little atten
tion to it.
Railroad Commission Seems Certain.
It is generally believed that the wheat
shlppers of Eastern "Washington favor
the creation of a Railroad Commission.
They have never been given the oppor
tunity to express themselves directly on
this point, but In the recent campaign
both parties recognized the existence of
this alleged sentiment, and both candi
dates for Governor pledged themselves.
if elected, to use all their efforts for the
passag2 of a bill creating a commission.
Unfortunately for Mr. Frink, the Re
publican candidate, he had voted against
the passage of a commission bill while in
the State Senate. On the other hand,
Governor Rogers had established the rec
ord of being favorable to the commission
idea. Either for this reason or some
other. "Whitman County, the center of the
wheatraislng district, gave Governor
Rogers over 1000 majority in the election.
In his message to the Legislature Gov
ernor Rogers will undoubtedly recommend
the creation of a commission. The mat
ter Is a hobby ,of his, and he is enthusi
astic over what he regards as a proba
bility of his vlew,s meeting with the ap--proval
ot the Legislature.
The Governor Is said to favor giving
the commission absolute power to regu
'ate rates and fares, without being sub
ject to legislative or judicial Interference.
He would have the commission appointed
by himself, and subject at any time to
his removal. In 1S97 he favored a slight
ly different plan. He then advocated the
limitation of the commlsslcn's powers by
the Legislature, but a bill creating the
commission with that limitation failed ot
In recent conversations with friends, the
Governor has expressed the belief that
the railroads themselves will not oppos
the creation of a commission on the lines
which he ha suggested. In 1897, when
the matter was last before the Legisla
ture, the railroads did oppose the passage
of the bill very strongly, and, despite the
Governor's optimistic view, it is only the
truth to say that up to date they have
never made any public announcement ot
their conversion from their former view.
Until the roads themselves give assent
to the passage of the bill, the public gen
erally will Incline to the belief that they
are still opposed to it
Another thing which the Governor will
have to contend -with in his light for the
commission will be the natural disinclina
tion of the Republican majority In the
Legislature toward creating any more of
fices for the Governor to fill with Demo
cratsparticularly such important places
as Railroad Cbmmlssionerships. Already
there are mutterlngs In the Republican
.amp about the patronage at the disposal
TWO PRACTICABLE ROUTES
S rev w
IP N y"- '
d 1 ' k: JL . 2-1 Xh
M 57 X f : 1 I
J . (, - v k nL
k fgyTsjk -. t Cv -Al
iff ' '"''. '' "4 f
of the Governor, and veiled threats to
legislate some of it away from him.
The state constitution stands in the way
of the removal ot the greater portion ot
the patronage now In the hands of the
Governor, and he will probably be allowed
to retain all that he now has; but there
will be much aversion toward giving him
any more. It is difficult to believe that
the Republicans will be willing to give
into the hands of the opposition so po
tent an influence as a Railroad Commis
sion would be certain to prove. However,
the Governor "has hopes" and it will re
main for the session to prove how well
grounded they are.
For Direct Primaries.
Concerning the direct primary law, it Is
Interesting to note that the agitation for
Its passage is coming from a source that
will suffer most by reason of Its opera
tion. Tho principal advocate of the law
is the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, whose
political destinies are shaped by ex-Senator
John L. "Wilson. It is neither an In
dication of prejudice nor; an Infringement
on tho editorial prerogative to state that
Mr. "Wilson Is no longer popular in this
state. The" result of the recent election
demonstrated that fact beyond perad-
venture of a doubt; and it Is certain that
it the dIrect primary iaflr were to put In
forcet u s0.caHed Wilson faction would
receive a merciless "turning down." Mr.
"Wilson himself. In his characteristic fash-
Ion, admitted his unpopularity In a re
mark which he made In the presence of
the writer shortly after the election. He
"Warren Tolman, who was elected to
the State Senate on the Democratic ticket
in Spokane, is a cousin of mine by mar
riage. I suppose If this was generally
known he would have been 'skinned
Nevertheless, In spite of this frank con
fession, Mr. "Wilson's pa'per Is now very
vigorously advocating the direct primary
law, and it Is also meeting with support
from other factions and elements. As
yet, however, the public has not betrayed
any great degree of Interest In the
measure, and almost without exception
the members of the Legislature refuse to
give any expression on th.e subject.
It is hardly probable, therefore, that
the measure will pass at the coming ses
sion of the Legislature; but the present
agitation may awaken a sentiment that
twill ultimately force Its adoption. The
evils of the convention system have been
brought home to 'the people of this state
several times of late years, and the man
ner in which the will of the people at
large has been throttled by delegates has
been little short of shameless on sev
The Republican party undoubtedly has a
large majority In this state, and under
ordinary circumstances ' ought to carry
the state at every election for many
years to come. Yet In view of the bitter
factional strife in the party, there is
grave danger that the next Legislature
will be Democratic that Is, the Legisla
ture to be elected two years hence.
Thoughtful and patriotic Republicans
therefore look upon the primary system
as the only possible means by which
the factional strife can be eliminated, and
the rank and file induced to support the
ticket after It Is nominated.
"Wilson Back of Liquor Legislation.
The story is being told that upon the
defeat of Mr. Frink, Mr. "Wilson wrote
a letter 'to Senator Tillman, of South-Caro
linaasklng'theattertn forward'tb h0n
a 'copy ot-the7South Carolina dispensary5
law, and avowed his determination to
force the passage of the same law in this
state. Tho ex-Senator Is said to have ex
pressed great anger at the support given
by the liquor men of the state to Gov
ernor Rogers. The dispensary law, it is
said, will be meted out to them as a
punishment for their political attitude.
It la true that the liquor interests of the
state did support Rogers, not because of
hostility to Mr. "Wilson, but because of a
general fear of Mr. Frlnk's reported pro
hibition proclivities, and his alleged un
satisfactory record on liquor legislation
while In the State Senate.
The Idea that the Legislature would
pass the dispensary law seems beyond
the bounds of reason, although some of
the members might, under certain circum
stances, use the bill to replenish their
own coffers at the expense of a liquor
lobby. The Improbability of the passage
of the bill Is rendered more certain by
the knowledge that comparatively few of
the legislators owe allegiance to Mr. "Wil
son. It is a peculiar fact that, while Mr.
"Wilson controlled the state convention
this year, his opponents succeeded in
nominating the great majority of the Re
publican legislative candidates.
Moreover, the liquor men undoubtedly
knew their own business when they gave
their votes to Rogers, and without doubt
he would veto such a bill. Nevertheless,
Mr. "Wilson's paper Is already making war
on local liquor men, and insisting that
rigid restrictions be placed around the
sale of Intoxicating beverages. It Is not
(Concluded on-Second Page.)
OUT OF PORTLAND FOR A RAILROAD TO NEHALEM BAT.
COST OF A RAILROAD
Estimates for the Line to le
TWO INDEPENDENT ROUTES
Saving: of Cost Coald Be Made by
Junction "With Other Roads to
Get Into Portland, bat Grades
"Would Be Objectionable.
It would cost less than $1,600,000 to build
a standard-gauge railroad from Portland
to Nehalem Bay, with a branch 10 miles
long to Vernonla, in the Upper Nehalem
" -' . ' ' Ull ' ii m n II
PUTNAM, Conn., Dec 135-John Addison Porter, cx-prlvate secretary to President Mc
Klnley,. died at his residence here tddayl He had been sick for many weeks with a. ma
lignant Intestinal disease. An operation, "which was performed nearly two months ago, served
to stay the progress of his malady, but could not entirely arrest it. His condition, how
ever, was such that he was able to sit about the house, and Wednesday last he went for a
drive. Thursday he was attacked with severe slnklnr spells, and never rallied, being un
conscious much of the time until he died. Shortly before the end came he recognized mem
bers of the family who were at his bedside and bade them farewell.
Valley, and another branch three miles
long to the Lower Nehalem coal. The
extension down tho coast 12 miles to Tilla
mook Bay would also come within that
figure. Indeed, most of the estimates
place the cost orconstructing the road be
low 51.250,000. This does not take Into
consideration any saving that might be
effected by a junction with the Northern
Pacific near Holbrook, or with the South
ern Pacific at Hlllsboro or Oswego, in
which case several mlies of construction
would be saved.
There are at least two practicable routes
for an independent line out of Portland
to the Nehalem country, both of which
are shown on the accompanying map.
One is out the north end of the city, along
side the Northern Pacific, but clinging to
the hillside for a distance of nine miles,
where a tunnel half a mile long would be
advisable. It might be avoided by "a de
tour and a rather heavy grade; but rail
road men incline to the opinion that the
tunnel route Is preferable because of the
easy grade It would secure, and the sav
ing in mileage and cost of operation. The
cost of the bore. Is estimated at $155,000.
From the tunnel to a point In soction 32, 2
north, 4 west, the distance Is 14 miles,
and thenca to Nehalem Bay is 51 miles.
This makes the total distance between
Portland and Nehalem Bay 75 miles.
The other independent route would
leave East Portland and cross the river
by means of a high bridge without a. draw
Just above Milwaukie, on the east bank
and below Oswego on the west side. Thl3
would be about seven miles. From Os
wego to Newton Junction, near Hlllsboro,
the distance Is 18 miles. From Newton
Junction to the point previously men
tion In section 32, 2 north, 4 west, is 11&
miles, 10 miles of which Is already graded
and ready for the superstructure. From
that point westward the route is the same
as described In the route leaving the
north end of Portland. The total length
of this line Is about 87H miles.
-These routes would be absolutely In
dependent of any other railroad. They
would also have very light grades. That
out of the north end would have a 1 per
cent grade from a point near the head
of Gale's Creek to Portland. From the
same point on Gale's Creek to Portland
on the route out of the East Side It
would be a water-level track. In the
Nehalem, Mountains the grades would be
a Uttle heavier, but at no point would
there be anything to compare with the
Southern Pacific grade on Fourth street,
Portland. The maximum grade on the
Nehalem route would be but 2 per cent,
while that of Fourth street Is about 4 per
cent. The heavy grade out of Portland
Is what discourages a junction with the
Southern Pacific at Hlllsboro. At Oswego
a junction might be effected, but that
would only gain entrance to the Jefferson
street depot, and that would not be satis
factory for such an enterprise. Sawlogs
might be dumped at Oswego, and floated
down the river, but coal and general traf
fic would need access to the terminal
grounds In the northern part of the city.
Likewise a connection with the North
ern Pacific at the mouth of Cornelius Gap
would save the construction of several
miles of track, but It would necessitate
a rather steep climb to the Scappoose
summit. If the route by way of Oswego
and Jefferson street would get trains to
the terminal grounds, that would be the
cheapest and best, having the easiest
grade and having 10 miles of roadbed al
This Tailroad scheme, including the
branches to "Vernonla, to the coal mines
and to Tillamook Bay, contemplates com
plete drainage of the commerce of that
country to Portland, and it is one of the
richest sections now open to such develop
ment anywhere. The coal mines, It Is
presumed, would not be restricted to
Portland, for their market, for the quality
of the product would give them entrance
to other cities, and from Tillamook Bay
the coal could be shipped by water to
San Francisco. The Nehalem bar will
not admit vessels suitable for ocean car
riage for so great a distance, there being
only nine feet q water on it. As to tho
Nehalem "Valley timber, the branch to
"Vernonla will give a rail outlet to the
country about the upper courses of the
stream, and the river Itself for 40 mlle3
will float everything out to the railroad
that crosses It a dozen miles from its
mouth. Therefore, this project embraces
that whole region, and glve3 it a short
cut to a rood market.
TRADE OF CUBA.
Imports nnd Exports for the Fiscal
"WASHINGTON, Dec. 15. The Division
of Insular Affairs, "War Department,
makes public a statement of the trade
of Cuba for the fiscal year ended Juno
30, last. Merchandise to the value of
J7,6S1,1S7 was imported during the year,
composed in the greater part of food
products and manufactured articles. Of
these total Importations, 534,347,003 worth
came from the United States. The im
portation from Porto Rico amounted to
H.61L337, and over 55,000,000 worth came
from Central and South America. The
total Importation, including gold and sil
ver, was $T6,69.813. It is set forth that
since the date of American occupation,
June 17, 1S9S, up to the end of the last
fiscal year, imports to the -value of $113,
S46.603 have entered Cuba. The value of
exports of merchandise from Cuba during
the last fiscal year, most of which were
products of agriculture, is set down at
$45,223,346. The total exportation of gold
and silver amounted to $4,253,206. The ex
To the United States $35,931,629
To Porto Rico- S1.5S0
To the Hawaiian Islands 6,626
The total exports from the Island since
I it passed into the possession of the United
States amounted to 55i1ua,tai.
BILLS TANGLED UP
Ship Subsidy Complicates
BOTH MAY BE DEFEATED
Opponents of the Shipping- Measure
Using the Treaty to Prevent a
"Vote Being- Reached Attempt
to Reach an Asxeemcnt.
"WASHINGTON. Dec. 15. The ship sub
sidy bill has U.ngled up the Nicaragua
Canal bill, and the opponents of the sub
sidy are using the Hay-Pauncefoto treaty
and the Nicaragua Canal bill for tho
purpose of prolonging debate and stav
ing off any possible vote on the shipping
bill. It looks now as 5f some agreement
would have to be reached that the ship
ping bill woulo. not be pressed at this
session In order to secure action on the
treaty or on the Nicaragua Canal bill.
The friends of the canal believe that it is
unwise to pass the bill until the Clayton
Bulwer treaty te superseded. It Is doubt
ful whether the President would sign
any bill unless the Hay-Pauncefote
treaty la ratified or something else is
done which will prevent complications
that would ensue should the United
States begin to build the canal with the
ICayton-Bulwer treaty still recognized.
"While the friends of the canal still re
main hopeful. It looks as if the whole
matter were now shaping to defeat both
canal and ship subsidy.
Chief D every Slakes Changes in the
Wevr Torlc Pbrce.
NKVV YORK Dec. 15. A big shake-up
of police officials was announced at po
lice headquarters today. The transfers in
clude a number of Deputy Inspectors and
Captains, Including Captain McCluskey,
of the Detective Bureau, who Is replaced
by Captain Litus, of the Eldrldge-street
station. Captain McCluskey goe3 to tho
Grand Central railroad station; Captain.
Stephen O'Brien, whom the commission
under Mayor Strong had In the Detective
Bureau, and who has since been stationed
In the Bronx, is sent to take Captain Li
tus pace in the "red-light" district.
Captain Thomas, of the tenderloin, was
not disturbed. The reason given for the
shake-up was that it was ""for the good
of the service." Chief Devery made the
changes without orders from the commis
sioners or consultation with them. Every
one at headquarters was astonished by
".SUMMARY OF IMPORTANTNEWS.
The ship subsidy bill has tangled up tha
canal bUL Pass 1.
The House passed tho war revenue bill.
The House passed the pension bill. Page 2.
The Senate again considered the Hay-Pauncefote
treaty. Paee 2.
IulIock's expedition failed to find the Chi
nese treasure. Page 13.
A larze Boxer force is approaching Pekln.
England has not agreed to the Joint note.
The German Reichstag has adjourned for the
holidays. Page 3.
Clements explains his defeat. Page 10.
The man responsible for the Magalles disas
ter will be called to account. Page 13.
The British show little Interest In Nicaragua
Canal matters. Face 13.
Kikes and McFarland won the six-day race.
A traffic alliance has been formed by the
Northern Pacific, Great Northern, Erie and
St. Paul. Page 10.
Gompers was re-elected president of the Fed
eration of Labor. Page 13.
Forecast of work of Washington Legislature.
Governor Geer names three delegates to rep
resent Oregon at National Livestock Asso
ciation meeting. Page 4.
Coming reports of Oregon's Secretary of State
and Treasurer will be les3 complicated than
usual. Page 4.
Spokane captures the high school football
championship of Northwest. Page 4.
Astoria has been asked for a street-railway
franchise. Page 4.
Commercial and Marine.
Big dividends and interest disbursements due
January' 1. Page 23.
"Weekly bank statement Is oulte favorable.
Portland wheat exports aearly 1,000,000
bushels last week.
Monmouthshire clears for Orient with big
cargo. Page 9.
New propellor Athlon launched. Page 9.
German 8choolshlo H. S. Charlotte ready for
sea. Page 8.
Portland and Vicinity.
Oregon Historical Society resolves on fitting
centennial celebration of Lewis and Clark's
expedition In 1905. Page 1.
Free rural delivery to be established la
neighborhood of Gresham. Page 10.
Estimate of cost of road from Portland to
Nehalem Bay. Page 1.
Residents of Brooklyn petition the Council for
street-car franchise to Southern Pacific
shops. Page 8.
Salem Athletic Club played a tie game with
Multnomahs O to 0. Page 8.
Agents for the Slarauam property pay four
years' back taxes. Page 8.
Pacific Northwest Racing Association formed.
Society in and out of town. Pages 14 and 15.
Books and music Page 13.
"The Drama." Page IT.
"Tricks and Twists of the Iarlat." Page 25.
"Quiet la Local Circles"; "Pursuits of Pugil
ists"; "Eugene Wanted a Game"; miscel
laneous sporting items and illustrations.
"Turned Down Very Hard": "Rogers Evens
Up Things"; "His Last Words on Earth";
"Poems Worth Reading"; humorous mis
cellany. Page 27.
"Lost In a Snowy Waste": "Polly Has an
Adventure"; "Vanity Hath Its Reward";
children's miscellany. Page 28.
Fashions and Women "Furs Are All the
Rage"; "What to Wear Playing Golf;
"Lends Aid to Happiness"; miscellany.
"Carpenter In the Orient"; "Modern South
Sea Kings"; miscellany. Page. 30.
"Norman Holt," serial, by General Charles
King. Page 31.
"Armies of the Ahl In China"; "Work of
Women of the Future"; "Modern Sun
Worshipers"; "Largest Torpedo Gun In the
World"; "Shoots a Briton to Kill"; n"
cellany. Page 22.