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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Sept. 30, 1900)
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TWEfiTY-BGHT PAGES : II .1 I
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VOL. XIX. NO. 39.
PORTLAND, ' OREGON, SUNDAY- MOBtflHG; SEPTEMBER 30, .1900.
n - . .
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Bourke Cockran on the Ques
tion of Expansion.
FEARS .EFFECT ON HUMAN RACE
Jefferson, ssd the Louisiana. Par-
chose Issues of tie "Parties
Trade and the Flag.
CHICAGO, Sept. 29. "W. Bourke Cock
ran, of New York, In opening his West
en campaign itinerary here tonight,
spoke to an audience that crowded the
Coliseum, built to seat 12,000 persons. The
speech was made under the auspices of
the Anti-Imperialist League, and attract
ed thousands who were unable to enter
the auditorium. The crush at the doors
when Mr. Cockran, accompanied by
Mayor Harrison and others, arrived was
so great that scores of men and women
fainted, and both Mr. Cockran and Chi
cago's executive were jostled and balf
euffocated. United States Senator Jone3
fend his -wife were caught in the throng
end only by heroic efforts was Mrs. Jones
rescued from injury.
Mr. Cockran was entertained by the
Iroquois Club at dinner. At 8 o'clock, es
corted by two bands, the Cook County
Democratic Marching Club, city and
county officials and several hundred clti
sens, he proceeded to the Coliseum. En
route, the speaker "was cheered, his name
being connected with that of Bryan. The
inarching club provided fireworks and
other means of illumination along the
line of parade.
Mayor Harrison introduced Mr. Cock
ran, who immediately Began an attack on
the expansionist policy of the Govern
ment. He said:
"We are told by our Hepublican adver
saries that the issue of this campaign Is
the preservation of our National prosper
ity. I accept that issue. I go further
end. I say that on the results of this elec
tion depend not merely the prosperity of
the American people, but the prosperity
of the whole human race. T believe that
Republicans and Democrats Trill concede
the establishment of iljls Republic was
the most important contribution, to 2iu
snan progress since the birth of Christian
ity. The benefit of this Republic to the
."human race was not the adoption of a
written Constitution. It was not the dis
tribution of the powers of this Govern,
ment into various departments. Long be
fore the convention met to deliberate;
long before the Declaration of Independ
ence had been proclaimed in, Philadelphia,
executives had administered govern
ments, parliaments had adopted and
Judges had interpreted laws. But never
in the history of the race until the Amer
ican people came together to frame the
system under which they intended to live
V?b.s a government established, not an in
famous assumption of divine. intervention,
hut upon the consent and on thew'H of
the people to establish justice, to provide
xpr the common -welfare and to preserve
to the .people. jvnd their posterity the oless
ings oTxl3jfizcrty. '
"Fhe frtntk of that experiment have
been visibly all over the Vorld.They, have.
4ucu --U.1U.L me uuy cure, pavaway w
jprosperity-ls obedience to Ufo-TAoral-iaw
that Justice is the fountain: ofgteatness, A
material, intellpctuaj and xnocgi, a. toun-,
tain that flows In ever-Increasing abund
ance among those who (remain launrm to
the source.i.That' has been one lesson,
that this country has proved; proved by
every benefit -which the human race, has
derived from it, proved by the fact that
eince this Republic was founded the peace
of the world has been preserved, the well
being of this Nation has "been advanced,
industry everywhere has been made fruit
ful, the power of the human, hand has
been multiplied, the extent of human
knowledge has been widened and the
boundary of human hopes has heen am
plified. And now we -are asked to change
this "system of Government for a system
such as other countries are every day dis
carding. "We are asked to abandon these
institutions, which are the supreme fruits
of Christian civilization, embodying in,
themselves all that has been achieved for
human rights since the doctrine of hu
man equality was first preached on the
shores of Lake Galilee, and we are asked
to surrender, not because there are any
signs of impending failure, but because it
has achieved the very plenitude of suc
cess. Surely this raises not merely the
issue of American prosperity, hut the is
sue of human progress.
"The Republican candidate offers "us
professions of morality which are the
most unexceptionable. We find him shoot
ing down people in the Eastern islands
and professing the utmost affection for
them and the utmost regard for their
prospects. He tells us that he Is opposed
to imperialism and yet he is seeking to
establish a government of arbitrary and
unlimited powers. He affects to resent
the assertion that he is introducing mili
tarism Into the United States, and yet we
find the Army has been quadrupled dur
ing his Administration, and a policy es
tablished which will lead to further arm
ament. If it should be successful at the
"Now, I have no disposition to charge
the President of the United States with
immorality or disloyalty. I prefer to
think that Tie has fallen a victim to high
sounding and misguiding phrases, which
have often reconciled men of excellent
disposition to very questionable transac
tions. In fact I believe that it is a
source of congratulation to the people of
the United States everywhere that .this
campaign has been singularly free from
all manner of personalities. I don't think
I hare ever known a political contest to
be conducted on a higher plane of
thoughtful discussion. Both parties are
deeply concerned upon the questions be
fore them: They are bitterly divided upon
the issue, but I think they are both
united in conceding the personal virtues
of both candidates.
The Two Issues. v
"Now, I believe that this issue before
the people represents the attempt on one
side to overthrow all that has made for
human progress, and on the other an
honest, enthusiastic desire to defend It
Stated in its narrowest compass, the issue
before the American people is the right
of this Government to seize distant ter
ritory and govern it against the will of
its inhabitants, not under our Constitu
tional Government but through office
holders to be named by the President
who will administer their functions- out
side the Constitution, and independently
of Its limits. Now, I apprehend there
can be no difference between a Republi
can and a Democrat as to the statement
at issue. On the on side, the Republi
cans contend, inasmuch as the .extra
Constitutional powers are to be exercised
outside the United States, that imperial
ism, so far as this country is concerned"
is not an Issue of this campaign, and they
go on to say that even If it 'were danger
ous they would still be bound to vote for
it because to defeat it by the election
of the Democratic candidate would be to
bring about a money panic, and that
would be too .great a price for the se
curity of democratic institutions. The
Democrats answer that such, a policy j
would be a violation of the principles j
mat government derives its just powers
from the consent of the governed, and
that it would be infamous to repudiate,
in our hour of strength, the principle
which we invoked la our hour of weak
ness. They 'contend, further, that des
potic or arbitrary powera cannot be con
fided to the officers of a republican gov
ernment without endangering the integ
rity of democratic Institutions. And,
lastly, they, contend that since republi
can government is shown by the history
of the world, since the establishment of
this Government to have been the foun
tain of the greatest prosperity that man
kind has ever enjoyed, Its preservation
cannot endanger prosperity, mil must
contribute to its permanence and to its
'Imperialism is not expansion of our
political system Into new country. It" is,
the erection in distant lands by this
Government of another government
wholly distinct from It and radically dif
ferent from it, and, therefore, irresponsi
bly hostile to it You may perceive this
1 ' : ' rlnmrM'
, 11111 ' wW .
'm&& 1BH9BA. " - wdmmS
vKk 1 Wf Mm:
vv UK Mw?
-' v W -
"WHO SPOICE W CHICAGO YESTERD AT AGAINST EXPANSION ' '
is expanding .theseopo o-our Constitm
tlonal system, noe authority pf mtt
Government but J? expanding the auiho
rity of" oun. piUcfe-hoIders js6" fax a to
malE5rit"intt'tpcdent ofpw ths,tltutlon
w3icTi creates,, ther" . v-r -' "
""Such 'S. system can only $be enforced
against the resistance of, the nations. It
means armiles'must be.putrin the' field;
that Americanllves must be sacrificed
anfi the lives', of helpless people, must be
destroyed, and. if the resistance be sub
dued now, their resentnjent, will be un.
idying. Resentment will seek opportuni
ties and expression in the futfure. As the
man who Injures another expects revenge,
even when none is planned, so the alien
foreign government which has robbed the
people of Its birthright of liberty -constantly
fears resistance, even when none
is planned, and then .must make prepara
tions all the" time ' for conflicts in the
fleld to ensure the safety of its own citi
The Iiouisiana Purchase.
"To think that such a system should
be submitted to the American people and
attempted to be justified by the purchase
of Louisiana is, perhaps, the most ex
traordinary instance in our history. No
two transactions could have been more
dissimilar than the expansion of Jeffer
son and the Imperialism of McKinley. So
much has been said on the question. If
you will allow me, I will state this even
ing, briefly as I can, the actual facts of
that momentous transaction that here
after every person in this hall who will
hear the sacred name of 'Jefferson used
to justify the deal of McKinley, will find
the means of refuting the slander and
of confounding the person who discredits
the most illustrious name in American
,Mr. Cockran then reviewed the history
of the Louisiana purchase, maintaining
that to secure the free navigation of thft
Mississippi River to the Gulf, to which
the United States -was entitled by treaty
right but which right had been practi
cally nullified by complications between
Trance and Spain, to which the United
States was not a party; Jefferson was
reduced to the alternative of taking
Louisiana, of taking the whole oy peace
ful means or else taking New Orleans by
forcible means. He continued:
"He chose the pathway of peace and it
was not the least of his contributions to
the greatness of this country'dr'the civili
zation of the world. (Applattee). When
he took It he- took it under this pro
vision: The Inhabitants of the' said terri
tory shall be incorporated with the Union
of the United States and be admitted, as
soon as possible, according to the princi
ples of the Federal Constitution, to the
enjoyment of all rights, advantages and
immunities of citizens of the United
States, and In the meantime they shall be
maintained in the free enjoyment of their
liberty, property and the religion they
'My friends, -you see, outside of the
naked fact .that Jefferson took, territory
and.that McKinley Is trying to take terrl-
tory, there is no resemblance between the r
two policies. On the contrary, in every r
element that distinguishes them, there la
a radical and Irreconcilable difference. J
Jefferson took territory to avoid war.
McKinley is making war to take' territory
Jefferson took contiguous territory to do
justice and avoid the provocation of war
in the future. McKinley is taking remote
territory, whlctf, if he succeeds- in sub
duing, will cause future contests without
number. Jefferson took territory to in
corporate Into the Union of states- and
extend over it the beneficent Influence of
our Constitution and the Integrity of our
flag. McKinley Is seizing territory, not,to
expand, our Constitutional Government
over It 'but to turn It over to office
holders to be exploited and plundered by
syndicates and favorites,
"We have been told that Jefferson never
meant" that 'the consent of the governed to j advantage of her opportunity, and
was necessary when there was a. chance x have no fear of such a calamity, the
to effect a conquest It was only some- ' otner coast cities will be benefited, but
thing to be pretended, like a tricky poll- lf she ln her gth. -Is almost un
tlcian, when there was advantage to be ' limited.'1 ' '
gained by an expression f virtue: The j Market for American Products.
Democratic party believes ; that Jefferson , BeCretary Wilson alluded several times
voiced a great truth, a truth which has , . .K . ni.fi f A. n,iii.i.
borne glorious fruits in this century for ?Jlff"" "K1
CoBcluded ca Sacosd FJ
Secretary Wilson Mucff Grati
fied at the Fine Showing.
Kext.Tea Sears "Will Witness Even.
Greater Development Orient
Trade of Great Value.
. WASHINGTON. Sept St "I was very
much gratified at- the brilliant showing
made by Portland in its census returns,"
said Secretary Wilson, of the Agrlcul-
ffuVaVfreplHftment, "but I cannot .say that if
was surprisodiat tUUJmniense growth'?
i..i." a r'f -a-t" --.i-Lab -r . .....1.3 i
t thftttowaoi-thja. contrary, 1 would
Kaye been much' surprised arid'deepljfuiss
appolntedr if .the., result nad been. -other-,
wise. Portland .-possesses.' exceptional
."qualifications, for a growing town, nd)
una hji aa vantage over many 01 our largr
er qiies. She is destined to become one
of tKet greatest 'cities IrTthe United States,
and will take her place as a commercial
center along with, the great ports of thp
Atlantic coast Portland s' growth has
been ranld In the past 10 years, it is
true, but I confidently expect to see, even
a greater development in the ten years
to come. The trade with Ailaska, and the
beginning of a trade with tha. Orient, has
' helped to build up the City of Portland.
But our Oriental trade is yet in its in
fancy, and when It onco gets a start, will
go forward with' leaps and bounds, and
the citieson the Pacific Coast are the
ones that will .supply the most of that
trade. Look at our shipments of wheat
to the Orient as compared to the ship
ments of years preceding, and then take
Into consideration the growth of our for
eign trade, and you can see what -we will
bo shipping to the Orient In a few years.
In XS&0, our exports of breadstuffs to the
Orient were valued at $3,521,!36, and In
1899 they had reached the enormous fig
ure of $7,491,021. That of course, does not
begin to Include all of the exports that
pass through tho ports, on the Pacific
Coast Portland people -are somewhat
awake to their possibilities, but I am still
of the opmlon(a3 I -was last Summer,
when .1 was on the Coast, that there is
not a man there who so fully realizes
what the futur will do for that section
as I do. The growth and upbuilding that
is in store for the entire Pacific Coast is
almost beyond comprehension, and the
sooner the Coast people realize its true
extent, the better it will be for them.
Hott the Philippines 'Will Help.
"Our trade with the Orient is not to
Jto entirely of an export character. Look
at the j Philippines, for instance. We are
shipping them wheat; flour, iron .manu
factures, cotton goods, woods and manu
factures of Tvoods, provisions of all sorts,
agricultural Implements, and any quan
tity of canned goods. In return, they will
ship to this country Just what we, or,
rather, you, on" the Pacific Coast most
need. The coal fields of tho Philippines
are rich beyond our knowledge or im
agination, and their coal is of a high
grade. Then they "will make Up many
cargoes of hard woods, in which tho Is
lands abound. On the Coast you have no
hard woods; in the Philippines they have
no soft' woods to speak of. There is youi
exchange, and what port is better adapt
ed to receive the benefit of such trade
than Portland? Your steamers, going
but from the Coast have difficulty in get
ting coal; In the Philippine Islands that
difficulty Is eradicated. Aside from Its
lumber, Portland, by reason of Its loca
tion, should be able to supply many of
the crying needs of the Orient It is the
natural outlet of a vast wheat country;
its salmon will find a ready market in
the Orient, and extensive packs can be
shipped direct from Portland. Port
land dealers should be able to
control much of the trade in manufac
tured goods and other commodities
that are ' demanded. This great era
of prosperity and trade growth
will, of course, not be confined to Port
land, Jut will extend from the northern
oqast'Of Washington to Lower California,
It is a matter for the cities, to decide
which sqall get the greatest benefit from
this growing trade. Portland has many
natural advantages, Is well located, has
a 'good harbor, good railway connections;
and its merchants and shippers are live.
wide-awake men. There is, indeed, a brll-
iinT1t n,tnr hnfor Portland Tf sVia tia
On6 Of iha greatest Immediate factors
In this trade is our possibilities In the
Philippines and. Hawaii. -It is estimated
that they will Immediately supply a mar
ketr for from $30,000,000 to $50,000,000 an
nually, and twice that sum latex. The
total imports of the Philippines in 18.09
amounted to $20,365,537, while our exports
to Hawaii wereivalued at $13,509,14$. On
this basis it is fair to assume that the
present total imports of the Philippine
and Hawaiian Islands are more than
$35,000,000. Tho fact that our own export
to the Hawaiian Islands have grown
fronf $5,907,15511898 to $13,509,148 in 1900
indicates the growth of the importations,
which may also ,,be expected In the Phil
ippines when the insurrection has been
fully suppressed Ana .trade relations have
been fully restored, and the. consuming
power has increased through a develop
ment of the producing and exporting ca
pacity of the? islands. It is not unreason
able to assume that the trade with. these
two groups Of islands will sdon reach $L0.
000,000 annually, and "will constantly in
crease as their producing capacity devel
ops. Of course all of this does not go
through Pacific , Coast ports, but the
great bulk Of it does, or should, and as
those ports Increase their capacity, so
will their trade with the Orient multiply.
An Open Door to the Orient.
Through our possession of the Philip
pines, and largely aided by the part the
United States has taken in the Chinese
trouble, our trade with adjacent coun
tries should greatly increase in the im
mediate future-. The imports of the coun
tries commercially adjacent to the Phil
ippines amount to about. $200,000,000 an
nually, and .nearly all of these importa
tions are of tho classes of articles for
vrhich tho people of the United States
are attempting to find a market Grouped
around Manila, as a point of distribution,
lies the most densely populated partrof
the world. More than 800 000,000 of people
form the population' of Japan, Asiatic
Russia, China, British India. Australasia,
the Dutch East Indies, French Cpchin
China and Slam, all of which are nearer
Manila as a point of distribution than
any other great commercial center, while
such great trade centers as Shanghai,
Canton and others are practically as neai
to Manila as Havana is to New York.
The commerce of this section, of which
Manila may be made the great commer
cial center, now amounts to more than
$2,000,000,000 per annum, and its annual
purchases to about $103,000,000 per month.
Practically all of this vast sum which
it sends to other parts of the world la
expended tot the class of goods for which
the people of the United States are now
seeking a market, ouch as qotton and
cotton manufactures, breadstuffs, pro
visions, dairy products, manufactures of
Iron and steel "and wood, the prodficts
of the farm and factory, all of which are
demanded by the people of that part of
American Goods Popular in the Eant.
In most cases the apparent disposition
of these countries Is to purchase from
tho people of tho United States rather
than from ,any other section or people.
China, which in 1880 took only 2 per
cent of ner Imports frpm the United
States, in 1899 tfobk 8.4 pe? cent from
this country. Japant which in 1893 took
only G.8 pert cent, in 1899 had" Increased
that per cent to 1T,3, pur, imports to
China grow from $3,900,457 in 1893 to ?!5,-"4
625,260 in 1895. Cur exports to Japan In
the "-ifrAoncriiaiP'S f ron$3,ifVlo
&'t&'i$$fil S BiGf irisJAuq frfilaslaVQiir
xpbUs, -whlCK in.'18flfw?e ?8,13i,939, in
liX) were ss;ca,mi. To;tne .Hawaiian is-
while those of tho .fiscal yeaA recently
ended are .$19,509,145. To thPhfiip'pn6s
pur' exports In 4897 were less than ?100,000f
while thOse of the flscaL year of; 19.00. haq
grown to $2,640,449.' Taking, Asia as .a
Whole, our 'exports, which in. 1893' were
hut $16,222,354, w"ere ln 1900 SG4.913.9S4,, an
lndrease of 400 per. cent. Our trade wltt.
' TEN YEARS OF NORTHWEST
Seattle . . . . . (?) 80,000
Tncoma (?) 40,000
Per cent increase
Seattle (?) Sd.tr
Tncoma . . . (?) 11.00
Oceanlca grew ln like proportion. It is
a matter of fact that the United States
Is gaining rapidly ln the share which
she Is able to supply ln the enormous im
ports of the countries and Islands ln
question. But our commercial relations
and commercial growth are not confined
to our exports. The Philippines and Ha
waii can readily supply a large proportion
of the $350,000,000 worth of tropical and
subtropical products which this country
imports annually; and the money be thus
expended under the American flag, and
for the benefit of both the people of
the Islands and our own citizens having
investments in the islands.
Mills Close for Lack of Orders.
CHICAGO, Bept,t29. Regardlpg the re
port that several mills of the Illinois Steel
Company would bo closed for a month
or more, President E. J. Bufflngton, of
that company, gave out the following
"Wo have shut down our Jollet plant
for lack of orders. We shall be com
pelled to shut other mills within the next
ten days for tho same reason, although
we hope to keep most of our mills ln op
eration. "As the Presidential election approaches
many of our best customers are postpon
ing for the reason, as they state, they
wish to wait until they are certain of the
result of the election before placing any
Trial ,ly a New Method.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 29. It has been
proposed to 'the Navy Department that
the trial trip3 of the monitor Wyoming
and the torpedd-boats Paul Jones and
Preble shall be in San Francisco Bay by
the standardized screw method, Instead
of over a measured course, as is usual.
These craft are now ln course of con
struction by tho Union Iron Works, of
Encouraging: Wew Prune Markets.
SAN JOSE,. Cal., Sept. 29. TDhe Califor
nia Cured Fruit Association has made a
differential of a quarter of a cent a
poured on all pnines for Mexico, Canada,
Central and South American countries,
where markets for prunes have not yet
been fairly opened.
Hohson Wants Leave of Absence.
WASHINGTON, Sept 29. Lieutenant
Hobson has applied to the Navy Depart
ment for six months leave of absence
fbecauso of trouble with his eyes.
THAN IS DEGRADED
China of Her Own Accord
Takes Up His Punishment.
IMPERIAL COURT WILL TRY HiH
An Imperial Edict Blames the Chi
nese Ministry for Enconragr
t ins the Boxera.
WASHINGTON, Sept 29. Important
news came from China at the end of the
day which In Itself tends to advance ma
terially the efforts for a final settlement
China has accepted the suggestions of
TO THE GALLOWS
FRANKFORT, Ky., Sept. 29. The motion for a new trial in the case of James Howard
was overruled by Judge Cantrill this arternocn, and Howard was sentenced to be hanged
December 7. It was acreed that the attorneys ahould bo allowed to file their bill of excep
tions to the appeal to the Court ,of Appeals any 'time between now and the third week in Oc
tober, Howard did not weaken or appear agitated when sentence was pronounced, but In
answer to the usual question of the court 11 he could show cause why septence should not
bo pronounced, he said, In a firm, clear voice, "1 am Innocent." Ho stood erect facing the
court and listening lntentty to every word uttered bythe Judge, who- was visibly" affected by
lno solemnity of. the occasion, and spolca in
In overruling Howard's motion for a new
; icro -BOiJienpe twus DrfCDHIMI0f ujr -"t siumic mi l j,u.iiuh uj r.
hlhe faflMaYits nled5ly -the" dqfcsEe as sufficient to cau.a new $it Th court suspended
tho sentence or death fc&Kfilajs; toTgiva time
f - Court of Appeals. Alter tms HC-wara was. remanaea to tne steei cape in ina jaiu , .
fho United Srtates "contained In answer to
the German proposition, a-nriiias begun
voluntarily tne punisnment .01 me reu
tionary Chinese leaders who were" respon
sible, for the Pekin outrages.
Tho Department of Stfte is informed
Kir Prtn3iil-Oonral Goodnow. at Shang
hai, $hat Sheng, Chinese Director of Rail
ways ana xeiegrapns, nas nanueu mm
decree of Jhe Emperor and Empress,
dated at Talgnan, September 25, blaming
their Ministers for encouraging the Box
ers. The edict orders the degradation of
four Princes, and. deprives Prince Tuan
of his salary and official servants. He id
to be brought for trial before tho Impe
It will be recalled that ln our answer
the State Department was careful to state
that, while It did not believe ln demand
ing tho surrender of 'the Chinese ring
leaders as a condition precedent to ne
gotiations, it was resolved firmly, as Sec
retary Hay had said ln his note of July
3, that in the end the guilty persons
should be held to the uttermost account
ability. The Chinese Government has
taken this intimation to heart and per
haps hastened ln its action by the recent
manifestation of dissatisfaction by th
United States Government at the reported
promotion ,of Prince Tuan, already has
begun the punishment of him and the
other Chinese leaders who are held
guilty. The decree recited by Sheng is
felt to be of the utmost Importance an
Indicating a complete change of .heart on'
the part of the reigning dynasty. It
means that the reactionary Influences
which have been dominant ln Pekin
through the uprising, and have even con
tinued of late days, have suffered a com
plete overthrow, and that their most con
spicuous figures are degraded and on
trial. It Is believed here that if this ac
tion is genuine it will be hard for any of
the powers to find a 'reasonable pretext
for longer refusing to heed the -appeals
of the Chinese Government for the open
ing of negotiations looking to' a settle
ment. The Importance of theactlon is shown
by the determination to" "try Prince Tuan
before the Imperial . Court This is the
supreme judicial tribunal of China, and
Is the only one having jurisdiction over
the members of the Imperial family. .It
Is presided over by Prince LI, with the
well-known Prince Chlng as first vice
president. Prince Ll is the first of the
eight princely families of China, and
Is regarded as friendly to the progressive
element. The attitude of Prince Ching
has been notable throughout the trouble
as friendly to foreign ' interests. There
are five other members of the court, all
of them high 'personages. They occupy
a building 'at Pekin, and are ln regular
session for the trial of cases affecting
members of tho nobility and the lilghst
personages. Chinese officials here say
that the reference of the case to this
high court Is of Itself the fullest assur
ance of the gravity with which the throne
regards the matter. It Is noted also that'
even before the trial Prince Tuan is
stripped of his salary and official serv
ants. Being a man of large and Inde
pendent means, the loss of salary would
not amount to much, lf'lt were not that
this and the loss of the servants Is a
special means of humiliation. The names
of the four Princes who have been de
graded are not known here.
The action .of the Chinese Government
ln overthrowing the reactionaries' is likely
to give the most Intense gratification to
the friendly Viceroys of the south of
China and to the Ministers here, and In
Europe, who have resisted the Boxer
movement. It may be specially noted that
only today Minister Wu Tecelved informa
tion' that these "Viceroys, Including Ll
Hung Chang, had memorialized the throne
to punish tho very element which has
now been overcome.
Minister Wu today expressed his strong
approval of the suggestloa by Ll Hung
Chang that the United States act as
mediator for settlement of the entire Chi-
JLcrafifled.&t tho fayorable character of I
the advices from China, particularly the
reference of Earl Li to his constant com
munication vrlth Mr. Wu and the specific
reference of the Chinese envoy In favor
of the United States as mediator. Mr.
Wu has from the first urged that the
United States should take a leading part
la the peace settlement, and It is prob
ably due to this position that Barl Li now
takes the advanced position in favor of
the United States a3 mediator. Since
the suggestion, has come from a high
squrce, the Minister expresses his confi
dence of being able to secure any au
thority or requests for an American ini
tiative which may be needful. In speaking
of the matter today, Mr. Wu pointed
out that while the powers had taken a
position against the partition of China,
yet conditions might arise whereby ono
power would deera it expedient to occupy
territory, thus leading other powers to
take a similar course, and bringing on
a general move toward a partition of the
Empire. He feels that it Is essential to
prevent such a contingency and that the
United States is In the best position to
guard against such a result Should it
FOR GOEBEL MURDER
a voice ,choked with, emotion. . - .
trial, which occurred only a few moments be-
for the .appeal, which, -will bo "taken o the
occur the Minister feels thaf the open
door" and open ports which' now invite
the commerce of this country would give
place to practical closure of China. He
holds, therefore, that 'action by this Gov
ernment would not only be in the interest
of, China and "all concerned but particu
larly In the United States' own Interest
and for the preservation and safe-guard-
The fact that Secretary Hay Is expected
to return to Washington next week will
not change ln any way the policy of the
State Department. The Secretary has
been ln the closest sympathetic touch
with all that has-been done respecting
China, and the stories printed ln Ger
many to the effect that he Is coming
back to reverse those policies is pro
nounced at the State Department to be
Mr. Conger was heard from in a brief
cablegram today. This was not published
but It Is understood to indicate no im
Massacred at Knchan.
WASHINGTON. Sept 29. The State De
partment has received a dispatch from
the Consul-Genoral at Shanghai, stating
that confirmation has been received of tho
massacre of the following foreigners at
Kuchau; Che Fang province, July 23:
Mr. and Mrs. Ward and child. Mr. and
Mrs. B. B. Thomson and two. children.
Miss Thorgood, Mis3 Sherman, Miss Man
chester and Miss Desmond. Miss Man
chester and Miss Desmond were citizens
of the United States.. Miss Manchester
arrived ln China, September 14, 3S95. Her
home was in Edmunston. N. T. Miss
Desmond arrived in China January 14.
1S99. Her home was in Nantuck, Mass.
The Consul-General was unable' to learn
further particulars In regard to tho per
Von TValdersee at Tien. Tain.
TIEN TSIN, Sept. 27. Count von Wal
dersee and his staff arrived here at noon
today. 'Guards of honor from all the al
lies received him at the railway station,
which was decorated with the flags of
Germany, Russia and France. The flags
of Great Britain and the other allies were
conspicuous by their absence.
The Russians are now at Lu Tai, and
there Is no immediate prospect of an ad
vance upon Tong Shan, as It Is said they
fear the Chinese will wreck the mines
and the railway plant
It Is reported that German and Russian
warships and transports have left Taku
to attack Shan Hal Kwan.
Many French troops are arriving.
Prince Chins Replies.
PEKIN. Sept 24, via Taku, Sept 27.
Prince Ching has addressed notes- to the
Ministers, acknowledging their letters
suggesting that the court return to Pekin.
He. announces that he has dispatched a
memorial covering the subject to the
It Is practically determined that Count
von WaJdersee 'shall occupy one of, the
Imperial palaces ln.the Forbidden City,
and a large portion of the German army
will be. quartered there. The Americans
disapprove of this, but will not enter a
"it Is Germany's Affair.
LONDON. Sept. 29. A special dispatch
from Berlin to a news agency here saysr
It is reported in official circles that
Germany is ready to waive the condi
tion tnat the punishment of the guilty
Chinese functionaries should precede ne
gotiations for a settlement. It is recog
nized that satisfaction of Germany's
vengeance is a special condition, and
should not be imposed upon the other
Miles Recommends Automobiles.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 29. Lieutenant
General Mlle3 In ms annual report will
renew his recommendation for the further
use of tho automobile in the Army.
Show Rebels Are Fighting
For Bryan's Election.'
Insurgent leaders Will Surrender 12
McXUnlcy is Elected Asmin-
aldo'a Instructions. .
WASHINGTON, Sept 29. More trea
sonable Filipino correspondence ha3 been
captured which shows that the present
outbreaks are for the purpose of influ
encing the elections ln the United States
F. Sandlco, writing to another man,
shows that he is urging all of the leaders
not to accept anything in the way of
peace proposals by the Philippine Com
mission, hut to stand firm. Hesay3:
"If the election of Mr. MoKlnley be ac
complished and the revolution in China
be wiped out, and the war in the Trans
vaal take on new complications, then
will I be the first to accept the peace
that I believe to bo necessary though
it be at the cost of acknowledging tho
sovereignty of the United States,, since
I consider that our forces are now Impo
tent to defend our sacred and legitimate
Sandlco is the man so often quoted by
Pettlgrew in behalf of the antl-expan-alonlsts.
A letter from the general Philippine
Junta at Hong Kong, to be distributed
among the leading insurgents in the
Philippines, contains much more of tEo
samo sort, and also much In the way of
misrepresentation, of the purposes of thla
Government and urges all Filipinos to
submit to no armistice unless it contains
a promise of Independence.
General Funston has written a letter
saying he has captured documents con
taining instructions transmitted by Agui
naldo to his subordinates to keep up the
fight until election, hoping that they may
bring about the defeat of McKinley, and
saying that their only hope of independ
ence lies ln tho election of Bryan.
To Preserve Order in Manila.
WASHINGTON', Sept 29. General Mao
Arthur recently Issued the following gen
eral order for the betterment of the gov
ernment of the City of Manila:
"Existing orders requiring residents of
the City of Manila to confine themselves
to their homes after 10 o'clock P. M. are
hereby amended to extend, the hour to 11
o'clock P. M after which hour tho streets
of the city will be cleared by the police".
Saloons will be closed at 10 P. M., and the
sale of liquor is prohibited after that
Bad Weather at Canton.
CANTON, O., Sept 29. Inclement
weather all day kept President and Mrs.
McKinley in the house and kept the num
ber of visitors.- far aelqw the average.
In consequence the secretaries and the
clerks ronr "the executive office had a
good chance to make headway with the
great volume of business thai accumu
lates here, la spite of alI;efforU to keep
pace with it v " , "
' 1 ' , ,
'IJcpeTV will Spenk'in'-Cnicairo.
CHICAGO, 'Sept. 29.-enaton Denew
will arrive In Chicago October S and will'
speak that night under the auspices of
the Republican National Co'mmittee at
North Side Turner Hall. Sixth Congres
sional district Senator Depaw will make
only the one speech in the West
v French Occnpy Two Towns.
PARIS, Sept 29. A dispatch received
hero from Taku say's a French battalion
from Pekin has occupied Lou Kou Chio
and Chan Tsin Tien, thus obtaining com
SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT NEWS.
Bourke Cockran spoko la Chicago against ex
pansion. Page 1
Roosevelt addressed an immense audience ln
Kansas City. Paeo 2.
Brjan spoke ln North Dakota towns,, closing
tho day ln Crookston, Minn. Pago 3.
Tho Chinese Government orders the degrada
tion of Prince Tuan. Pago 1.
Von Walderseo arrived at Tien Tain Thursday.
Germans want TValdersee to put a price on
Prince Tuan'B head. Pago 11.
Filipinos are fighting to Influence the election.
Funston captures a proclamation of Agulnal
do'u. Page 1.
Conservatives were overwhelmingly successful
ln the first English elections. Page 2.
Salisbury Is keeping China out of English pol
itics. Page 2.
James Howard was sentenced to hang for the
Goehel murder. Page 1.
The miners' strike has not been settled. Page 8.
Republican campaign opened at Ashland and
Arlington. Page 4.
Britten flag haa been raised ove? Porcupine
mine district. Page 4.
Port Townsend Quarantine authorities report
the Inspection of 2000 Alaskan emigrants
within past four days. Page 4.
"Walter Nice badly mangled by being caught in
threshing machine near Baiter City. Pago 4.
Comment on the census of Portland by Secre
tary "Wilson- Page 1.
Commercial and Marine.
New York banks show heavy decrease In de
posits. Paga 19.
Wheat markets dull and lower. Page 19.
German ships Slrius and Ortcrbek slightly
overdue. Page 0.
Transport Thyra. crossed out yesterday. Page 0.
Captain Heara held by Justice on charge at
criminal libel. Pago 11.
Street petitions rushed because of fear of re
peal of Bancroft bonding act. Pago 20.
Hon. C. "W. Fulton addresses East Side Repub
licans. Paso 11.
Local political news. Page It.
Society; Resorts. Pages 12 and 13.
Music and Drama. Page 14
Book Eevlew; Churches. Page 15.
Trora Forest to Mill." Page 21.
In 'the Sporting "World "Pratt Elected Cap
tain;" "Goss Takes the Honors;" "Oregon's
Team at "Work." Page 22.
"Funny Things In Pro-ie;" "Poems Worth
Reading." Pago 23.
Boys and Glrla' Page "Johnny Tapped tha
"Wlro," "Spanning the Continent;" "Loving
Tiny Buttercups." Page 24.
Fashions and Woman "Autumnal Bridal
Gowns," by Ellen Osborn; "Boarding-Housa
Trials." Page 23.
Carpenter's letter from the Orient; "West Vir
ginia Campaign." Pago 26.
"The Story of Hunch Badeau" second install
ment. Page 2T.
"Harvard Will Study the Moon;" "John Chi
naman's Queue;" "Tolmage at Austria's
Capital." Page 23.