The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, August 26, 1900, Image 1

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    S "sH
VOL. XDL NO. 34.
Declaration by Russia, Ger
many and Japan.
It la Also Said That England and the
United States Have Been In
vited to Retire.
CHE POO, Aug:. 24 (Friday). It la ru
mored on good authority that Russia,
Germany and Japan have declared "war
on China and Invite England and the
United States to retire.
Prince Clilnjf Has a Force of Chinese
Troops iu. the Imperial City.
LONDON, Aug 25, 2.1S A. M. The only
news of the night from China comes via
Berlin, -where official dispatches have been
received, dated Taku, August 25, report
ing on authority that an undated Russian
XVkin telogram received Wednesday last
saytj that large masses of Boxers -are
still in the southern part of the capital,
and that a force of troops under Prince
Chine Is in the Imperial City.
According to a special dispatch from
Berlin, Germany has not received any
proposals or suggestions from the United.
States for an International conference.
The Foreign Office considers the Idea of
euch a conference as premature, and de
sires the allied commanders to exercise
control In Fokln and the occupied parts
ot .China until Count Waldersee shall
have assumed command and have time
to report on the situation.
The generally well-Informed Viedemosti,
cf dt, Petersburg, says it is the opinion
in diplomatic quarters there that the
withdrawal of the allies from Pekln, now
that the foreigners have been rescued,
would facilitate peace negotiations.
A Defiant "Viceroy.
LONDON, Aug. 25. A special dispatch
received hero from Shanghai, dated Au
gust 26, says:
"Viceroy Chang Chlh Tung, of Hankow,
declares that ho will resist an attempt
to extort territory or to Interfere with
the armies of the various Viceroys.
"It Is stated here that It was Prince
Turn and not Prince Tuan who was cap
tured by the Japanese."
Americans Return to Tien Tsln.
LONDON. Aug. 25 A special dispatch
from Pekln, dated August 13, says: Forty
Americans, with an escort of United
States troops, start for Tien, Tsln tomor
row. The Maine at Hone Kong1.
IXXN1DON, Aug. 25. Advices from Hong
Kong report that the American hospital-
ship Maine, wMch sailed from Southamp-H
ton lor China July 12, arrived there to--day.
problem, of the cexturt.
Present Complication Is but the Be
ginning, Sai John Boolcsralter.
(LONDON, Aug. 25.-John "W. Bookwal
tor, of Ohio, -whose Tecent books on Si
berian and Asiatic problems have been
much quoted in recent English papers, is
now in London. In an interview with a
representative of the Associated Press,
(Mr. Bookw alter said:
"The present situation in China, it
seems to mo, is not Its serious phase, as
it Is likely to precipitate the whole Asi
atic problem, with its many complica
tions, for permanent solution. There are
two chief considerations in this problem,
rirst, the double relation that Russia oc
cupies toward China, and that which Rus
sia occupied toward England through her
dependency in India, .for since the com
pletion of the great Trans-Siberian and
Trans-Caspian Railroad systems Russia
has been brought into direct contact with
China from the Hinterland. It Is obvi
x ous, therefore, that Russia Is the most
potent factor in directing events w&lch
will detormlno what the future rela
tions of the various nations shall be in
the Asiatic continent.
"It is hardly likely that the contest be
twten Western civilization and Eastern
conization, which must Inevitably occur
sooner or later, would have developed at
the present time, had It not been for the
bulld'ng of Russia's great railroad lines,
the effect of which would be to estab
lish a practical dominance of Russia In
Asiatic countries, and which might be re
garded as a menace to those nations now
holding spheres of Influence there, as well
as to those who see in the possible par
t.tln of China opportunities for territor
ial aggrandizement As an indication of
thih condition. It may be said that Rus
sia was 10 years ago the furthest nation
away Xrom China, separated by tanas--1
same steppes ana without a navy, whllo
till the other European powers could
reach the Chinese littoral by water. The
building of these railroad systems has
rapidly changed the entire situation,
bringing China politically and commer
cially to the very doors of Russia, and
making a conterminous border of from
4000 to 5000 miles. In fact. It brings China
In physical contact with the Russian Em
pire alone, her contact with other nations
being only through, the dependencies of
those nations.
"'In view of these Important facts, it is
easy to see what is to be the probable
relation ot Russia to China, which, it
seems to me, can only be of the most
friendly character, and to that end the
n.aintenance of the integrity of the em
pire, especially the Middle Kingdom, is
of paramount importance. I believe that
w hen a general showing- cf hands is mado
t will be apparent that if there Is not an
c-tual alliance between Russia and China
ihere will be found to be an intimate co
opeTrtlon. for the maintenance of their
political and commercial interests.
"Under these considerations, it does not
seem possible that the partition of China
rmong the Western powers can occur,
rtor could a composite control be estab
I.shod, since Russia's imperial Interests
demand that she deal with a permanent
situation, such as a united China would
insure, rather than the ever-changing
condition certain to follow the division
of China among- other nations.
"Suppose there existed in British Amer
ica a nation with tkree times the popu
lation of the United States; that this
country fell into evil ways under insur
rection, and that European powers found
It necessary to send troops, under cover
o' whom they attempted to effect terri
icwial division or a composite control.
The UnMed States would rightfully and
immediately say, 'Hands off. that this
ration bordered on. the United States, and
rot on others, and that no change in the
political status would be permitted with
out nor consent.
Tnder these circumstances, it would
seem, therefore, probable that an Iden
tical note will be Issued by Russia and
China, in which they will iolntly agree
to guarantee the Integrity of the Chinese
Empire, which is In direct line with the
present expressed views ot the various
powers, and also the safety of foreign
resident and the property of-other na
tions In the country. Such it guarantee
from such a powerful and reputable na
tion as Russia would carry with it such
weight that a refusal to accede to It by
the powers would certainly lead up to a
most critical International situation, and
very probably a clash of nations. It
seems to me that a direct refusal to ac
cede to such a proposition would throw
the mighty empires, Russia and China,
together with a common interest and ra
cial affinities, with vast military and other
resources, and embracing quite two-fifths
of the human family. In view of the fact
that the attacking parties against such a
combination would have to transport
their armies and supplies from 5000 to 15,.
000 miles by sea, Russia, In the meantime,
by means of her railroads, quickly throw
ing the military strength of her empire
into China, and at the same time organiz
ing ai;d equipping the vast military re
sources of that country, .it is not obvious
what Issue such an attack would bring;
"When you consider further that under
the well-established rules of modern war
fare the attacking party must outnum
ber the defenders something in propor
tion of Ave to one, while the world's na
vies, representing- millions of pounds,
would stand Impotent to prevent the
transportation of a single Russian trooper
over the Trans-Siberian or Trans-Caspian
Railroads, can you wonder that European
Cabinets believe that they are today face
to face with the greatest problem of the
System of Harbor Improvements and
Fortifications Planned.
"WASHINGTON, Aug. 25. The Navy
Department has taken the Initial steps
in the preparations for the complete and
comprehensive system of fortifications
and harbor improvements by which it is
intended to make the Island of Guam a
thoroughly protected base for our naval
vessels in the "Western Pacific. The Navy
Department has been at pains to ascer
tain just what harbor facilities other na
tions have in that part of the world, and
the maps already prepared show that
.southward from Guam we are flanked for
2500 miles by a chain of islands contain
ing 13 fine harbors, all of them potential
bases of hostile powers. Some of them
already are equipped and fortified. These
harbors are included In the Marshall and
Caroline groups, which stretch from the
southern border ot the PhUIppInes east
ward past the longitude of Guam, while
on the north the Ladrones possess sev
eral harbors, some of them as close as
40 miles to our possessions In Guam. In
view of all these facts. It has been de
termined to make Guam a great naval
base. A mixed commission of one Army
and two naval officers already has been
assigned to the work of the preliminary
survey, and upon their recommendations
the future work in this line will be made.
The officers are Captain J. F. Merry,
now on duty at the naval station In
Honolulu; Major Blddle, of the Army En
gineer Corps, now on duty In the Phil
ippines, and Lieutenant A. M. Beecher,
now on duty In Washington. lieutenant
Beecher is accumulating the outfit for the
commission here, and shortly will pro
ceed to Ban Francisco, whence ho will
siil on the Solace about October 1, pick
ing up Captain Merry at Honolulu, while
Major Blddla will come East In order
to meet the other two members of . the
Trial of the Bailey.
NEW YORK, Aug. 25, A trial trip will
be given the new torpedo-boat destroyer
Bailey, built for the United States Navy
1 by the Gas Engine & Power Company, at
Morris Heights. N. Y., here this after
noon. It is expected that the new boat
will attain a speed of at least S3 knots
an hour. The Bailey is the first vessel
of her type to be built In the vicinity of
New York, and la one of three torpedo
boat destroyers for which provision was
made by Congress about three years ago.
The sum appropriated for each boat was
It Is rumored in Che Too that Russia, Ger
many and Japan declared war on China.
Large masses of Boxers are still In Pekln.
France's policy In the Orient Is explained.
The Russian Commander In Pekln forbids com
munication with Chinese. Page 1.
Germany's war plans in China are unchanged.
Page 11.
Fr&noo is apparently preparing for a war.
Page 2.
The controversy between the "Vatican and the
Qulrlnal breaks out again. Page 2.
Fetes are organized for the Paris exposition.
Page 1.
Boers attempted to capture Bailer's cavalry.
Bryan mads two speeches in Omaha yesterday.
Pag a.
Secretary Gage issued a statement showing
what would be the effect ot Bryan's election.
Page 8.
"Whitney's colt. Ballyhoo Bey, ridden by Sloan.
iron the Futurity at Sheepshead Bay. Page
The Vesper Beat Club crew won the etgbt-
oared raoe at Paris. Page 3.
The Grand Army encampment was opened in
Chicago last night. Page a.
The President will not attend the GL A. B, en
campment. Page S.
Serosal fishermen were drowned tn a gala tn
Xhe Gulf of Georgia. Page 1,
Census figures of several Eastern and South
ern cities are announced. Page 1.
Pacific Coast.
Fusion situation In "Washington mired, -with
Rogers controlling the Democratic delegates
and the opposition uniting on Voorbees.
Page 4.
Multnomah Clnb won majority of the athletic
events !n the last day of the Astoria, re
gatta. Page 1.
German Lutheran Church, of Salem, burned
by incendiaries.
United States District Attorney Gay. of Wash
ington, recelres threatening letters from a
man named Doyle, at Portland.
Ex-oSclaU of Washington County make good
deficiencies found against them by experts.
Page .
JlcSIlnnvllle's street carnival. September 2T, S3
and 2S, to celebrate completion ot TaxnhW
Council City. Alaska, threatened with destruc
tion by fire.
Gold exTorts have been temporarily checked.
Page IS.
Discount rates very firm la London.
High ocean freight continues to depress the
wheat market.
Miss Alice Thayer was elected Queen of the
Carnival, receiving 14.099 vote. Page IS.
Francis Murjxhy. the apostle of temperance,
will speak twice today. Page S.
Marcus K. Duntley, planer at Inman, Poulsen
& Co.s mill, was crushed to death.
Trinity Methodist congregation burned the
jrnrtKage on their church property.. Page 0.
Disagreement Between the
Various Commanders.
Homey Reports the Czar's Officer For
bids Communication "With Chinese
Bfo Reply Froxa Chaffee.
"WASHINGTON, Aug. 25 The diplo
matic feature of the Chinese situation
today took precedence over both the na
val and military features. The officials
of the Government were, If anything,
more uncommunicative than heretofore
as to the relations between the powers.
It was stated authoritatively that no
news of Importance had been received
and that the diplomatic negotiations
could not be made p.ibllc.
The most unsatisfactory development
of the day, so far as the pacific pro
gramme of this Government goes, was
the receipt of a dispatch from Admiral
Remey conveying the reports which had
reached him of a disagreement between
the commander of the Russian forces In
Pekln and the other internationals. The
text of this dispatch was. not. made pub
lic, but it was said -on good authority to
contain the statement that the Russian
commander had forbidden communica
tion with the CJHneso, on the ground that
Rus'sia was technically, as well as prac
tically, at war with China. It may be
said that the Information was not con
veyed by Admiral Remey as official' news,
but merely as a report -from a reliable
sourcewhlch he considered this Govern
ment should possess for Its own informa
tion. Assuming Admiral Remey's report
to be correct, this move on the part of (
Russia strikes the first note of discord
in the heretofore harmonious concert of
tho powers. It may be said, however,
that the news is not taken very seriously
by this Government, and certainly will
not alter our course in any way until it
has been officially confirmed.
It was explained that the situation
growing out of the Joint occupation of
Pekln by the powers was delicate, al
though" not necessarily to be described
as serious. The Interests of all the pow
ers there represented were at least com
petitive if not antagonistic, and an ill
considered move on the part of any one
government might easily entail disagree
able Consequences, In Which all WOUld 1
be more or less Involved. j
At the same time. It was explained that j
all of the governments represented In
China were anxious to avert any open i
clash. If this could be done without
sacrificing what they considered their
rights in the premises. In this situation '
the United States occupied the (position j
it has held all through the disturbance,
namely, of being the one"power least un- i
der suspicion by the others of "selfish
and ulterior motives. This Government?
Is exceedingly anxious to maintain this
vantage ground, and retain the confidence
of the other powers, so that It Is now
more than ever cautious as to the next
step to be taken.
Instructions to Ambassadors.
The decision to address Instructions to
the United States representatives at the
courts of the various powers was reached
yesterday, after the most matured delib
eration. It would have been a satisfac
tion to this Government if the action
could have been taken without exciting
public comment of any sort. Owing to
the fact that this communication was
not addressed directly to the other gov
ernments and that It contained merely
Instructions for the guidance of our dip- J
lomatic representatives abroad, it was
decided not to make public either the ,
text or the substance of the Instruc
tions, lest their premature publication
should defeat tho very object for which
they were designed, namely, of ascer
taining the .temper of the various- gov
ernments Interested, with a view to de- j
termlning what form of procedure Is '
most likely to meet with general appro
bation among them and lead to a speedy
solution of the problem.
Tho situation In China at present does
not meet in any way the conditions laid
down in Secretary Adee's note to Li Hung
Chang on August 23 as prerequisite to
peace negotiations by the United States.
This communication -announced that al
though the powers had been compelled to
unaided by the Chinese Government still'
the United States "is ready to welcome
any overtures for a truce and Invites the
powers to Join when security is estab
lished in the Chinese capital and the
Chinese Government shows its ability and
willingness to make, on Its part, an effect
ive suspension of hostilities there and
elsewhere." This is the condition laid
down which up to date has not been ful
filled. The .subsequent course of the
United States as outlined by the same
note Is stated In the language of this
Government as follows: "When this (the
restoration of order) Is done and we hope
It will be done promptly the United
States will be prepared to appoint a rep
resentative to Join with the represent
atives of the other similarly interested
powers and of the authoritative and re
sponsible Government ot the Chinese Em
pire to attain the ends desired In our
circular to the powers of July 3."
One ot the most serious considerations
which remain prior to the opening of
peace negotiations Is to determine what
and who is the responsible Government
of China referred to in the United States'
note. It Is understood that this Govern
ment is inclined to the opinion that the
Emperor ICwang Hsu is the responsible
head, but In the absence of any reliable
Information as to his whereabouts, even
the first steps toward appointing: a repre
sentative for a peace conference with
China would be decidedly premature. The
most that this Government hopes or ex
pects Just now is information as to the
readiness of the other governments to par
ticipate in a friendly conference over the
course to be pursued by them In China
after order is restored.
So Reply From Chaffee.
The War Department has not yet re
ceived from General Chaffee his report
requested of him a few days ago upon
conditions in Pekln; in fact several recent
cablegrams of inquiry addressed to Gen
eral Chaffee have not been answered. In
this situation it was found necessary to
call upon General Chaffee again" for a full
report for the guidance of the officials of
this Government. It is supposed that the
uncertainty of communication between
Pekln and Tien Tsln Is- responsible for
General Chaffee's silence. The wires have
been cut between the capital and Tien
Tsln and it Is probable that the messages
were sent by courier from Tien Tsln. It
Is regarded as very unfortunate that there
should be such a difficulty of communica
tion at this time. The department is de
pending in large measure upon General
Chaffee for Information to guide the Ad
ministration In the movements of the im
mediate future. It is not believed at the
War Department that the two casualty
lists, one dated at Tien Tsln the 21st and
the other the 23d were sent by General
Chaffee In person. It Is thought that his
name was signed as a matter of form.
More than a week ago two dispatches
"were received from General Chaffee, but
they were In such shape that they cannot
be deciphered fat the department. They
are regarded as very Important from the
fact that they relate to condltionsrlifPeH
kin, the number of persons under the
protection of the allied forces and the
supplies for jthe Army as well as for these
"people. Orders have been sent to General
Chaffee to repeat 'the messages. The War
Department also has taken up the matter
of cable communication and asked the
cable companies to see If the Chaffee mes
sas&3 caa bo straightened out and also
to ascertain if the messages sent to Gen
eral Chaffee can reach him, and If they
cannot be delivered, why. It Is, of course,
recognized that the Boxers are Interrupting
tho line constructed by the signal corps
from Tien Tsln to Pekln. At the same
time, with communication by cable to
Shanghai, thence overland to Che Foo, by
cable to Taku and a protected line to Tien
Tsln, It 1b felt at the department that
communication should be moro expedi
tious It Is stated that difficulty arises In
China on account of the Interruption
that occurs from time to time on the
land line from Shanghai to Che Foo,
nrVilMi fc imnr tho nnJrnl nt fho r.hinesn
authorities. Copies of all messages pass-
mgi over this line are sent by steamer
0 insure delivery, even if delayed. This
ime was evidently open yesterday or the
fay before, for. a dispatch dated Tien
Tsln, August 23, was received by the War
The State Department Is taking steps
to have all of the American Consuls In
china return to their several posts as
soon a3 immediate danger from antI-forr
elgri outbreaks is passed. The attention
of the department has been called to
those statements emanating from various
Consuls to the effect that they left their
posts at the direction of the department.
The officials say that is not correct; that
the Consuls were merely permitted by
the department to leave their posts on
their own responsibility If they consid
ered their lives were In danger. Now
that "the danger Is passing the depart
ment Is getting ready to have "them go
back to their posts and take up their
routine work.
Half-Rate Cables.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 25. The Postal
Telegraph Cable Company has extended
the courtesy of Its cable service In behalf
of the officers and men of the Army serv
ing in China and their families and
friends at home at one-half cable rate
for messages in plain language when
these messages are sent and received
through the Adjutant-General of the
Army. The local officers of the Postal
Telegraph Cable Company will lend as
sistance In computing cost of messages
proposed to be sent and the cost of the
same should be transmitted with the mes
sage and letter of advice to General Cor
bln, Adjutant-General, Washington.
More Bulletins Issued by 'the Bureau
at "Washington. .
WASHINGTON, Aug. 25. The popula
tion of New Orleans as announced by
the Census Bureau today la 287.J04, against
242,039 In 1S90, an increase of 45,065, or
18 62 per cent.
The population of Kansas City, Mo,, Is
163,752. an Increase of 31.0S6 or 23.39 per
cent over 1S90.
The population of Kansas City, Kan.,
is 51,418, an increase of 18.102 or 34.19 per
cent over 1S90.
The Census Bureau also made publlo
the population of the following cities:
Pittsburg, Pa 321,616: increase over
1S90, 89,999.
Newark, N. J., 246,070; increase since
1890, 64.240.
Allegheny City, Pa,, 129.9S6; Increase tn
10 years, 24,906.
Bishop ot Corambns Consecrated.
dNCTNNAn, C Aug. 25. The conse
cration of Right Rev. Henry Moeller as
Bishop of Columbus took place at the
Cathedral this morning. Archbishop
Elder and the Bishops of Indianapolis,
Atlanta, Grand Rapids, Nashville, Cov
ington and other dioceses, together with
about 200 priests, participated in the im
posing ceremony. An Immense congre
gation was present.
Glorious Day for the Aquatic
and Field Sports.
ajuLtnomah first in athletics
Captures Relay Rttoe, Five Firsts
and Four Second Places Kerxi-
san "Wins High Jump.
ASTORIA, Or., Aug. 25 The. last flay
of the Tegatta was Ty far the pleasantest.
It was an ideal day for aquatic sports.
Until nearly 4 o'clock this mornlng the
rain came down in torrents. Later the
clouds cleared away and the weather was
bright and clear. The forenoon was given
up to boat races as the afternoon to the
field games at the athletic grounds.
Early this morning the regatta commit
tee decided to carrry out the original
programme as set for the opening day.
The Queen and maids of honor, escorted
by Admiral Edwards and suite, were taken
on board tho Columbine and the royal
(- yacht steame'd slowly about the bay, fol
lowed by nearly every craft in tho lower
river. The sight was a pretty one and
when the landing was made at tho grand
stand, the acclaim with which the Queen
was received was almost deafening. Ad
miral Edwards escorted Her Majesty to the
throne and the maids of honor grouped
rthemge4vesnround her. --Mayor Bergman
wasujresent and again tendered the Queen
the freedom of the city and wished that
her reign might be a peaceful and happy
one. ' - j
The aquatic sports were then called,
The first event was the tour-oared barge
race between three California crews. The
Alameda, Dolphin and Ariel crews con
tested. The Alemeda crew was an easy
Winner and this is Its third annual vic
tory In this race. The Ariel crew came In
a bad second, with the Dolphin boat close
behind. The two latter crews fouled each
other at tho turning buoy but the accident
did not affect the result. While this race
was in progress Ben Beno, the slack-wire
and trapeze performer, and Cahlll, the
high diver, entertained the spectators in
the grandstand with numerous difficult
Then came a race for the. consolation
prize for single scullers. Pape was, of
course, barred out and the eventwas be
tween Patton-and Gloss, of Portland, as
Sternberg had sprained his ankle, last
evening and did not enter. Gloss was
picked as the winner. He led for the first
half mile, when one of his 'outriggers
broke and he was brought back In a
launch. Patton rowed over the course
and was awarded the medal.
The next event was one of the most
exciting of the entire regatta. The two
shlp.s boat crews belonging to the light
house tenders Manzanlta and Columbine
have been questioning each other's ability
for some time and the race -was of the
kind that made the crowds cheer from
every wharf alone: the city front. The
Manzanlta crew won by a few1 lengths
after an exciting struggle.
The final In the outrigger skiff contest
was between Fred .and C. J. Ayers, of
the Alameda crew. They are brothers.
Fred Ayers won after as pretty a race
as was ever seen on the river and both
men -werei completely fagged out at the
finish. This completed the aquatic sports
and'ended the regatta proper.
The Queen and her retinue were then
escorted, to carriages and after lunch were
taken to the athletic grounds where her
majesty held sway over the field day
Field Events.
The athletic meet here was the most
successful event of the regatta. The
field was In poor condition, owing to the
rain of the past two days. The sun to
day dried It somewhat, but it was im
possible to break any records on it. The
Multnomah boys carried off the majority
of the events, winning the relay race,
four first places and four second places.
Paris, of Seattle, did fine work and won
two firsts and a second.
In the high jump, Kerrigan won by a
Jump of 5 feet 7 Inches. He afterward
made a try at the record, but the ground
was too soft for Jumping, and he made
only 5 feet 9 Inches.
The 100-yard dash was won by Paris,
who beat Dammasch six Inches. In the
400-yard dash, Paris beat Blumenthal by
one of his wonderful spurts. In the 220
yard dash, Paris was a little slow in
starting' and Blumenthal beat him out.
The most exciting race of the day waa
the half-mile run. Davis, of Seattle, and
Burgess, of the Olympic team, struck the
tape so near together that the Judges
could not decide upon the winner. Some
claimed Davis won, while other thought
that Burgess crossed first, and some
thought It was a dead heat. The decis
ion was finally given to Burgess, of Cali
fornia. The Multnomah boys won theTelay race
from the start, Kerrigan was tho first
Multnomah off and got a great lead on
his man. The other boys all kept this
lead good, and Blumenthal, the last man
to run, crossed the tape a good 100 feet
In the lead. The men on the Multnomah
team were: Kerrigan, Murphy, Kleeman
and Blumenthal. The men of the Olym
pic team were: G. H. Burgess, Thomas
Cutter and F. W. Burgess.
Summary of the events:
100-yard dash First heat. Mlllis, Y. M.
C. A., first; Dammasch. M. A. A. C, sec
ond; time, 0:10 4-5. Second heat, Blumen
thal, M. A. A. C., first; Paris, S. A. C
second; time, QUI. Final heat, Paris, S.
A. C, first; Dammasch, -M. A. A. C, sec
ond; time, 0:10 3-5.
120-yard hurdle First heat, Knox. U. ot
O., first; Mlllis, Yx M. C. A., did not quali
fy; time, 0:21 4-5. Second heat, Thomas,
Olympic, first: Murphy, M. A. A. C. sec
ond; time, 0:22. Final heat. Murphy, M.
A. A. C first; Thomas, Olympic, second.
Time, 0:19 1-5.
High jump Kerrigan, M. A. A, C.. first;
Knox, U. of O., second. Height, 5 feet
7 Inches.
Broad Jump Kerrigan, M. A. A. C,
first; Cutter, Olympic, second. Distance,
21 feet 1 Inch.
440-yard run Paris, S. A. C, first; Blu
menthal, M. A. A. C, second. Time,
0.55 1-5.
Half-mile runBurgess, Olympic, first;
Davis, S. A. C, second. Time. 2:15 1-5.
220-yard dash Blumenthal, M. A. A. C.
first; Paris, S. A. C. second. Time. 0:24 4-5.
'Pole vault Cutter, Olympic, first; Mur
phy and Kerrigan tied for second place.
Height, 10 feet 5 Inches.
Mile run Davis. S. A. C., first; Geddls,
Ariel Club, second. Time, 5:10.
220-yard hurdle First heat, Mlllis, Y. M.
C A., first; Coman, M. A. A. C, second;
time. 0:29 4-5, Final heat, Mlllis. Y. M. C.
A., first; Coman, M. A. A. C, second.
Relay race won by Multnomah.
Decision Reversed.
The regatta fudges met this morning
and reversed their decision on yesterday's
raco for 20-foot sloops by awarding the
first prize to the GIsmonda and the sec
ond to the Lark. The change was caused
by a clerical error In figuring the time.
General Beebe, owner ot the Muriel, has
filed a protest against the new award
and claims the second prize for his boat.
Fishermen Drowsed in a Gale in the
t Gnlf of Georgia.
VANCOUVER, B. C. Aug. 25.-There
was a high gale on tho Gulf of Georgia
last night, and today five overturned
fishing smacks were found with the sails
flat on the water about 15 miles from
Vancouver. The occupants were un
doubtedly drowned. Each boat contained
from two to five fishermen, but their
names have not yet been ascertained.
Death in An Icehouse.
CHICAGO, Aug. 25. A special to the
Tribune from Detroit, Mich., says:
Joseph Kronke, a butcher in the Polish
district, known as the "King of Poles,"
a power In local politics, was accidentally
killed In his Icehouse at tho rear of his
store. Accompanied by an employe, Frank
Haas, Kronke went Into the icehouse
early this morning. They had barely be
gun to chop when huge chunks of ice
came tumbling down upon them. The
floor gave way, and the two were thrown
into the space below. Haas, who is slim,
managed to squeeze out between the Ice
blocks after an hour's exertion, but he
was chilled and numbed with the cold.
Rescuers worked for two hours before
Kronke'3 body was taken out. There
were no external marks of Injury, and
it Is believed he was frozen to deattu-
Three Yonnpr Women Dro-vrned.
CORRY, Pa., Aug. 25. At Findlay Lake,
Chautauqua County, New York, a Sum
mer resort, today three prominent young
women were drowned while bathing.
They are:
Miss Mamie Carr,-20; years oldT-North-east
Miss Pearl Palmer, aged 19, Northeast
Miss Llllle Conkle, aged 19, Pittsburg.
The young women were bathing In
xronc or tne iaKe jhouso, zd reet from
the shore.
Killed by Lightnlnff.
ROCKFORD, 111., Aug. 25. The hardest
storm In years passed over this city to
day. Many houses were struck by light
ning. William Brewer was killed In bed,
and his wife was dangerously Injured.
Louisville Catholics Complain of the
Vicar-General's Action.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 25 A protest has
been sent to the papal legation by the
leading Italians of Louisville, Ky., against
the recent action of the Very Rev. Dr.
Bouchet, vicar-general of that diocese, in
refusing to conduct a solemn mortuary
service in honor of King Humbert's mem
ory. It says that Father Bouchet has
consented to offer a simple low mass for
this purpose, but declined to hold any
more elaborate service.
The present bishop of Louisville, Dr.
WHIlam- McCIoskey, was for many years
with the American College In Rome, and
therefore ha3 decided vlew3 on the diffi
culties existing between the Vatican and
the Qulrlnal since 1S70. Whether his feel
ings on this question have prompted him
to support Father Bouchefs attitude
against paying exemplary honors to King
Humbert's memory Is not known, but
the fact that he sustains his vicar-gen-eral's
contention leads many Italians to
Infer so. Archbishop Martinelll enjoys
the right in this country of disciplining
ny priest or prelate for breach of duty,
but since the present action of Dr. Bou
chet is no infraction of the moral law, it
la evident that neither himself nor his
local superior. Bishop McCIoskey, will
incur any severe penalty.
Head of the Nerval Obserratoxy Gives
Up Active Worlc
WASHINGTON, Aug. 25. Having
reached the age limit. Professor H. T.
Todd, United States Navy, director of the
Nautical Almanac, retired today from ac
tive scientific work as the head of the Na
val Observatory, one of the most im
portant scientific posts under the Gov
ernment. He will be succeeded by Pro
fessor S. J. Brown, the astronomical direc
tor of the observatory.
Professor Todd was graduated at the
Naval Academy In 1S37. He served for
two years under Captain Dupont in Chi
nese waters and was present at the attack
on the Taku forts In 1858 and at Tien
Tsln when the treaty was signed. He
was next ordered to duty on the coast of
Africa and took part in the capturing of
thoslaver Erie with 197 slaves on board
Professor Todd served throughout the
Civil War as Lieutenant and Lieutenant
Commander, being Flag Lieutenant of the
Cumberland at the Norfolk Navy-Yard
when Sumter was fired on. He was In
1SS6 ordered to duty In the Nautical Alma
nac office, continuing until he became
director of the Nautical Almanac, which
position he held on retirement.
Marquis Ito's Manifesto.
YOKOHAMA, Aug. 25. Marquis Ito,
formerly Prime Minister, has Issued a
manifesto setting forth the alms of his
party, which Is called the Constitutional
Political Association, and from the ranks
of which the next Cabinet will probably
be drawn. The manifesto emphasizes the
fact that the .appointment and dismissal
of thefflIInisters are constitutional pre
rogatives of the sovereign, and that when
the Ministers are in office it Js not per
missible to their party to Interfere In
the discharge of their duties.
The press urges the sending of troops
to Corea.. The Cabinet hesitates, but a
Japanese cruiser has been sent to the
vicinity ot Gensan.
Powers Trying to Find
Head of China.
Attitude of the French Government-
Distrust of Von "Wniaersee De
cline of the Exposition.
PARIS, Aug. 25L The Vloeroya of tha
various provinces of China may be con
voked to choose some one of weight in
the empire to deal with the powers in es
tablishing such a government as will as-
1 sure the fulfillment of whatever terms tha
powers shall dictate in settlement of their
claims arising from the recent outrages
and one who will give satisfactory guar
antees of a complete change ot Chinese
policy towards the outside world. Such
a solution has been suggested In diplo
matic circles, but with most of the corps
absent on vacation, and President Loubet
and M. Delcasse, Minister of Foreign Af
fairs, out of town, the Idea has not as
sumed a crystallized form. Hope still
exlst3 that a strong central power will
be found In Pekln which will constitute
the best guarantee for the future, the best
means of securing reparation for tho
wrongs suffered by Europeans and the
best safeguard against division among;
the powers themselves.
Now that the allied forces have entered
the forbidden city, the necessity for tho
maintenance of concord among the pow
ers Is most pressing. Yet fears are In
creasing that the strain of conflicting in
terests and ambitions may cause a cleav
age among the nations interested. This
danger has been demonstrated already by
tho Individual action of Russia in seizing
the present opportunity to extend her
frontier into Manchuria and the recent
Incident regarding tho landing ot British
troops at Shanghai.
French Policy Explained.
Whllo no official statement is forth
coming as to the position of France, In
the absence fTomTParis of tho3e in control
of her foreign policy, the following,
emanating from an official associated with,
the French Government, expresses the
views of the Foreign Office at the pres
ent Juncture:
"We have no revenge to seek in China,
and we havo no intention to demand such
recompensatlon in the shape ot Indem
nities as will create resentment against
foreigners. Our policy will be one ot
liberal education, the effort to teach this
great mas3 of people to trust and regard
Europeans favorably. In the end this
may result In the advancement of civili
zation for the one and commercial pros
perity for the other. Thoso who think
that a change of government will change
the character of the Chinese people have
not a broad understanding ot the deep
seated. Ideas which centuries have bred in
'them. To make a radical upheaval of
their form of government Just at this
time would do more harm than good. We
shall attempt to find a suitable person ot
liberal ideas toward foreigners who will
assume tha reins of government. Our
position follows the identical lines of tho
United States in nearly every instance
Commercially, we wish the broadest In
ternational construction to be "placed
upon foreign privileges, and it 13 a fact
that had not your country declared an
'open door at the time It did. France
herself would have done so. The reply
made by the United States to Li Hung
Chang's request for the appointment ot
an emissary to act with a view to a set
tlement and tha establishment of peace
receives general approval here. Franco
will take a similar position, for we must
be assured that we are negotiating with
a concrete body and not with a shadow.
While we have special commercial in
terests in Yunnan and Sze Chuen. our de
sire to develop that region would be de
feated should wa act on narrow, selfish,
ideas there."
The small anti-governmental papers ara
still barking over tha acceptance by
Franca of Field Marshal Count von
Waldersee as Commander-in-Chief of tho
allied forces In China, and the sincerity
of Russia's friendship Is impugned, as
these papers say that it waa Russia that
suggested Count Waldersee as the Commander-in-Chief.
The Ganlol3 calls at
tentlon to tha fact that at a conference
presided over by Prince Bismarck when
outside of Paris, in a discussion as to
whether Paris should be taken by assault;
Count Waldersee expressed tho wish to
"see this Babylon entirely destroyed."
A serious situation has arisen, according
to reports from Marseilles and Toulon, on
tha French-Morocco frontier. Troops aro
said to be massing In great numbers In
dangerous proximity to tho Algerian fron
tier, and Morocco tribesmen. It 13 asserted,
ara raiding French territory. Instruc
tions are said to have been received at
the Mediterranean Naval Station direct
ing the French naval authorities to pre
pare to dispatch artillery and stores to
Algeria, while orders for contingents of
troops from Algeria and Tunis for the far
East have been countermanded. In of
ficial circles in Paris, although it Is ad
mitted that the situation needs watching,
it Is thought decidedly Improbable that
the Morocco Government Intends to con
duct hostile operations against Algeria.
Fetes for the Exposition.
The commission appointed to organize
fetes at the exposition in order to galvan
ize the show Into something like brilliancy
and thus attract visitors announces that
two great fete3 will be given in addi
tion to the Venetian fetes already an
nounced. The first will be a fete ot
flowers, held the first week In September,
and the second will be vintage festivities
September 15. The first will be made the
occasion for a gigantic flower show and
a battle of flowers. The second will
comprise an exhibition of French wine
products and a procession of allegorical
cars. Although it has been suggested
that tha duration of the exposition be ex
tended, It Is officially announced now that
the great show will close November 5.
The exhibition has given a pretext for
unusual license In the display of so-called
"post cards," bearing suggestive and in
many cases obscene pictures. Rue Beran
ger, a life Senator and a leading spirit
in the reform movement here, took up the
matter, members ot the opera corps and
ballet representatives having protested
that their features were attached to pho
tographs in indelicate scenes. These cards
were openly displayed In shop windows
and on the boulevards. The poilca or
ganized a general raid, and in one day
seized 50,000 "post cards," 600 photographs
and four mutoscopes on the north bank
of the Seine alone. Similar operations
on the south bank are affording an equal
ly good and plentiful harvest.
YaauM Sued for Pence.
CHICAGO, Aug. 23. A special to tha
Chronicle from El Paso, Tex., says:
The Yaqul Indians who have been fight
ing the Mexican troops in Sonora havo
sued for peace. Two thousand ot tha
bucks yet under arms refuse to join tha
tribal negotiations, fearing that It means