The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, May 27, 1900, Image 1

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NO. 22.
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Review of the Situation at the
Seat of War.
All the British Armies CeTergl&e
on JohanacsbHrK Probable Flan
of Lord Roberts.
LONDON. May 27. Spencer "Wilkinson,
reviewing the situation at the seat of war
in South Africa for the Associated Press,
"Lord Roberts Is keeping a tight hand
on all telegrams ,In order not to disclose
his moves. After occupying Rhenostr,
he pushed his left wing at once toward
Parys, where the Vaal River was crossed
Thursday. The whole army seems
to have changed its direction to
the left, as General Hamilton's
original right wing was today at
Boschbank, half-way from Parys to the
railway bridge at Vlljoen's Drift, which is
being watched by Roberts' scouts. Gen
eral Hamilton probably crossed the Vaal
today, assisted. If necessary, by a march
up the river of the force that crossed at
Parys. The whole force will probably be
across the Vaal bySunday afternoon. Jo
hannesburg will then be two marches dis
tant. "I suppose that Lord Roberts will push
on General Hamilton and perhaps Gen
eral French to turn the Boers, while Gen
erals Tucker and Pole-Carew will attack
in front. The Boers, as usual, mutit either
"be enveloped or go. "Very special efforts
will be made to cut off their retreat, as
Lord Roberts is now determined to cap
ture them, if possible. He relies fully on
General Hamilton, whose combination of
fire and prudence Justifies every confi
dence. If the Boers escape toward Pre
toria, Roberts will likely follow swiftly
and be at Pretoria in less than a week.
"The Boers say they have retaken Hcll
b'on. General Roberts will neglect that,
but will guard the railway, which I think
he will not wait to repair before going to
"General Buller, at Lalng's Nek, Is eight
or nine marches from Johannesburg, sup
posing that the road is clear. Roberts'
advance, must make the Boers at Volks
rust uneasy, and so will facilitate Bul
lcr's advance.
"General Hunter, when at Mafeklng,
will be 11 marches from Pretoria, and it
is Impracticable, therefore, for the Boers
to make any serious resistance at Pre
toria, where to wait would mean to be
hemmed in between three British armies. '
"The Boer plan Is to retreat to the
Lydcpburg hills, which would postpone
but not avert, the catastrophe, but the
condition and strength of the Boer forces
of the coming week's operation remain
to bo seen.
"Possibly the difficulty of securing sup
plies may compel General Roberts to
pause on the Vaal and repair the railway,
thus .giving time to- General Buller and
General Hunter to Invade the Transvaal.
I fancy, however, that Lord Roberts will
prefer the bolder course and try to end
this war right now.
"Many points In the recent operations
ore obscure. Thus, 111 long pauscof Gen
eral Lyttleton at Sunday's River and tho
subsequent silence suggests that he may
co-opcrato with General Rundle to finish
the Free Staters' resistance. There has
lifen no distinct report from General Me
thuen since that from Hoopstad. He prob.
ab.y crossed the Vaal near Parys.
"Lord Roberts marches in a very broaq
front, with his cavalry wings thrown for
ward. General Buller probably cannot
adopt the same-plans in the rugged coun
try of Northern Natal, but once Buller is
on tho hills or the table lands of the
Transvaal, he will be- able to spread out
ana" move rapidly.
"Lord Roberts has a wonderful power
of picking a special man for every special
work. Ian Hamilton, the brilliant Gen
eral, was shot to pieces at Majuba in the
ilrst Boer War. Since then he has made
a great mark In training the Indian army
to shoot straight, and was himself one
of the best officers In India. Another aole
man is Sir "William Nicholson, who was
cMef-of-staff to General Lockhard In Tl
rah. He Is now running all the transport
for General Roberts, whoso army since it
reached Bloemfonteln. has been well sup
plied. Nothing shows the great command
or more than his finding his men and giv
ing them free hand. Roberts himself has
incomparable dash and boldness, coupled
-v ith great circumspection, hence I expect
rapid strides, now that the crisis Is at
The Garrison Paid the Last Honor
to the Dead.
MAFEKING. May IS. The entire garri
son paraded this morning to a thanksgiv
ing service. Colonel Baden-Powell ad
dressed the men, saying: "We have been
unable to fire a volley over the graves of
our killed, being fearful of drawing the
fire of the enemy's guns."
Today the garrison paid the last honors
to the dead, assembling In the graveyard
and bidding good-bye to their fallen com
rades. After sounding the last post, the
garrison attempted to sing the national
anthem, but could hardly be heard, as
the men .choked with emotion. Colonel
Baden-Powell was deeply affected, and ad
dressed each unit separately. He told the
town guard that those who wished would
bo permitted to return to their civilian
avocations. To the Rhodeslan column, in
a characteristic manner, he said: "We've
kicked out the Boer protectorate."
Boers South of Mafeklng.
MAFEKING. May 26. The Boers to the
ccath retired from Kunnna. 10 miles east
of Martlza, and are falling back further
on Barplls Pan. The Boers routed here
rallied a few miles east of Polfonteln. A
Cornet who failed to support Commandant in the latter's attack on Mafeklng,
in which Eloff was captured, wrote a
letter sympathizing with him. Eloff "re
plied that he hoped the dovll and all his
angels would torment him eternally, ana
that he and his would rot.
Bocrs Report the Crossing.
PRETORIA. May 26. An official bulletin
"The British have crossed the Vaal at
Greebler's Drift, near Parys; The high
level bridge at Vereenlging has been blown
up "by the Federals. General Dewet ad
vised that burghers are coming in force,
determined to fight to the end. After
retaking Heilbron. the Federals followed
the British as far as Wolvehoelc"
The Plajrne In Durban.
DURBAN, May 2C. As there have been
no further cases of bubonic plague dis
covered, it is hoped that the danger of an
outbreak becoming epidemic has passed
An expert, however, makes dally visits
In the Indian quarter.
To Colonise Lobs Island.
NEW YORK. May 26. Negotiations
have been carried on between several
"wealthy Englishmen and Long Island real
estate men for some time, with a view of
forming an English colony on Long
Island similar Co the Rugby settlement in
Tennessee. Joseph C. Willis, of London,
and Enderby Dunsford, of Torquay. Dev
onshire, are said to be the prime movers
in this scheme. They have recently pur
chased 1000 acres of land on Long Island
for 575.OC0. securing the property in the
interests of about 50 wealthy young Eng
lishmen, who Intend forming a colony at
this place for the purpose of carrying on
scientific farming.
Programme of New Yorlc Democratic)
State Convention.
NEW YORK, May 26. The .Evening
Post says:
"Ex-Senator David B. Hill and ex
Senator Edward Murphy had another talk
with Elliott Danforth, chairman of the
executive committee of the Democratic
State Central Committee, at the Hoffman
House, and started for Albany this after
noon. Mr. Hill is satisfied with the re
sult of his trip to New York. He has
conferred with the leaders of Tammany
Hall and of the Kings County Democracy,
and it was announced authoritatively be
fore noon that the programme for the
state convention bad been agreed upon
by all concerned. The features of the
programme are: First, the convention
vAl Indorse the candidacy of W. J. Bryan
and recognize him as 'our National lead
er; second, the Chicago platform will not
be affirmed; third, the delegates to the
National convention will not be instruct
Senator "IVolcott "Will Be the Tem
porary Ghairman.
WASHINGTON. May 26. A protracted
meeting of Jthe sub-committee of the Re
publican National Committee, having in
charge the details and arrangements of
the approaching National convention in
Philadelphia, was held here tonight.
George Wlswell, of Milwaukee, who is to
the sergeant-at-arms of the convention,
was in consultation with the committee
during the greater part of its session. He
reported the convention hall as about
completed and ready to be turned over
to tho committee. Secretary Dick pre
sented a tabulated list of the delegates to
the convention thus far selected, together
with a list of the contests Indicated by
the returns received by him up to date.
It may be said by authority that Sena
tor Wolcott, of Colorado, will be the
temporary chairman.
Made on the Condition That Bryan
Will Be Nominated.
NEW YORK, May 26. James J. Coogan,
president of the Borough of Manhattan
and a leader of Tammany Hall, contribut
ed 5100.000 to the Democratic National
Committee, with the stipulation that it
is to be rescinded If William J. Bryan is
not nominated. The committee will be
allowed to make such use of this fund
as it may ree fit.
This contribution gave rise to the story
in political circles today that Mr. Coogan
would be Colonel Bryan's running mate on
the National ticket this Summer. It is
known the Bryan managers want an East
ern man on the tall of the ticket, and
preferred that he come from New York
State or City.
Says He Believes Bryan "Will Beat
MeKln ley "Dewey Not In It.
NEW YORK, May 26. The Journal and
Advertiser will tomorrow print an inter
view with Richard Crokcr. obtained In
London by William T. Stead. Speaking
on the present situation in the United
States, Mr. Croker declared emphatically
that he Is for William J. Bryan for Presi
dent, and he believes Mr. Bryan will beat
Mr. McKinley on election day. He sajs
be also thinks Mr. Bryan Is right In stick
ing to the 16-to-l silver fcsue. but de
clares that in his opinion trusts and im
perialism will be the principal Issues of
the campaign. He says Admiral' Dewey
Is not in tho race for the Presidency,
though he might do for a running mate.
Steamers Geo. W. Elder and
Nome City Sail.
Bis Crowd at the "Wharf Saw Them
OflT Those "Who Sailed
. . n Th era.
The steamers Geo. W. Elder and Nome
City left the Ainsworth Dock on their
long voyage to the northland shortly after
7 o'clock last night, carrying full cargoes
of freight and 750 passengers, beside a
large number of horses. The Nome City
was first in the stream, and was soon
followed by the Elder. A crowd that filled
the wharf saw them off, and their cheers
I as the steamers swung out into the stream
were answered by the passengers, -with
which the decks were fairly black. There
were many affecting partings between
husbands and wives, and many a hand
kerchief did the double duty of waving
' farewell and drying moist eyes as the dis
tance between the steamers and the wives
widened. Only a few of the relatives
and friends of the passengers were on the
wharf, for, had not a strict surveillance
been exercised at the gate, the crowd
would have seriously Interfered with the
handling of the freight. But a good
many slipped past the policemen, and
these came straggling home after the
steamers had departed, a rather funereal
looking crowd.
All day long a crowd hung about the
wharf, contriving ways and means to get
past the three policemen who guarded the
entrance, and saying good-bye over and
over again to the friends who were on
the passenger list. A large number of
stevedores were engaged In completing
the cargoes of the two steamers. A varied
assortment of freight there was wagons,
stoves, machinery of almost every kind,
from engines down to rockers; surfboats,
, bedroom sets, outfits of provisions, desks,
" ranges, life preservers in fact, everything
i that any contingency on the far-away
beach might demand.
Captain Randall, of the Elder, found the
errands which called him up town so nu
merous that he hired a horse and buggy
to drive him back and forth. Captain
Levinson, of the Nome City, was busy
exercising a general superintendence of
the stoning of his cargo, which was not
so far advanced as that of the Elder, and
the freight clerks of both steamers had
a hard struggle to keep their tempers
through the pulling and hauling to which
they were constantly subjected.
Salem Nome Society.
Among those leaving for Cape Nome last
night was an aggregation of individuals
calling themselves the Salem Nome Socl-
j ety. This Is an organization of argonauts
from the Capital City, who will seek
their fortunes in the golden sands. It Is
composed of some quite prominent people.
It Is fully organized, has a constitution
and by-laws, and a full corps of officers.
These are: Ex-Governor J. H. Fletcher,
president: M. E. Pogue. secretary: B. P.
Taylor, vice-president.
The executive committee comprises: R.
B. Duncan, chairman; A. A. Basher, B.
C. Ward, Jesse George and Al Gwln.
Among the members may. be men
tioned Thomas Holman, Fred Geer. son of
Governor Geer; Jeff Gwln, Harry Brown,
B. T. Kumler. Fred Hockley, Jr.; Oscar
Taylor, D. Farrar, John Kaiser, Gus
Kaiser, Lee George. Jesse George. There
aro two women in the party Mrs. D. L.
Fleeter and Mrs. Ingersoll the only
women members of the society. The total
membership Is 50 all from Salem. A por
tion of these went out on the Geo. W. El
der and more on the Nome City. A few
are already at Nome, having gone from
Seattle on the Senator.
The society is a co-operative order. Mr.
Lockley said of it:
"Wo are banded together for mutual
assistance and protection. Any memby
who falls ill or is in distress will be
taken care of by the other members. Any
one of us who 'strikes It rich' will notify
the secretary, who will be stationed at
Nome City, and he will Inform the mem
bers individually, so that all may share
In the good fortune. We will mutually
protect each other from clalm-jumplag.
In case of the death of a member, he will
be given proper burial or his body shipped
Each member of the Salem Nome Soci
ety has a t badge. All appear to be thor
oughly practical men. who are determined
to win wealth.
Among the passengers on the Elder was
E. M. Cox. of the PortIandGeneral Elec
tric Company, who is taking up an engine
and a centrifugal pump. ' He expects to
do well on the "beach, and his many friends
hope he will.
Following Is the passenger list of both
S. B. White.
H. Jacks.
C. A. Shnttuik.
Geo. T. McElroy.
Phlllos Dubois.
A. Hose.
J. E. Wyatt.
,'ohn Guebeen.
. S. Sharp.
F1& Wnrnock.
7. F. Bakaman.
-i Trenholm.
Dr. J. L. Melsner.
C. C. Baumgartner.
F. Bldwell.
Thos. Brown.
G. S. Kimball.
H. L. Calkins.
J. R. Evans.
N. Wentworth.
W. L. Warren.
F. J. Warren.
Dell Warren. - .
E. R. Henderson.
C. R. Maybern.
Robt Ballentine.
Thos. Haley.
James O. FarrelL
John Escallon.
Milt Laswell.
P. A. Karnell.
E. H. Smith.
H. G. Friedman.
Mark Roberts.
W. H. Warren.
Hueh Bovlf
G. W. Duncan.
R. W. Lovett.
E. D. Townsend.
J. Zelgler.
Jas. Brambaagh.
Fred Walten.
O. Gunderson.
Geo. Sydman.
Clarence Sydman.
W. V. Cope.
Bert True.
Peter Hanson.
Henry Doerner.
Owen Graves.
Henry Reno. t
Peter Blumberg.
Carl A. Torgerson.
F. Klekar.
F. Flola.
Frank Brown.
B. C. Ward.
Fred Anthony.
H. R. Trenholm
aam &pencer.
G. E. Tyszkiewoez. Frank Tosler"
John Piwor
TKk. T T ..
j. 1. at. Raynor,
Harry Gratton.
John Sandstrom.
O. Palmqulst
A. R. Church.
C. Webber.. ,
L. L. Reeves.
C G. HolL
L. H. Rhodes.
Thos. Currle.
C. S. Dunham.
Wm. B. Jollv.
W. A. Vlnal."
Mrs. W. A. Vlnal.
Miss C. Sutherland
Mrs. H. N1- nn)H
C. E. Sisms
Mrs. W. D. Inrerjoll W. J Grwr.
Mrs. D. L. Felster. E. A. Kaiser.
Mrs. Jennie Turner. Wm. Curtis.
Mrs. G. E. Tyszkle- J- C. Bversole.
-rTi c- D- KImberllne.
.aiiEs xi. xi. Aiustello. w. u. Davis.
Alex Chrlsholm.
H. K. "Rnlfrtr1
u. ai. vale.
A. F. Miller.
M. Culver.
N. M. Eldrlch.
U. S. Bryant.
Mrs C. Yan North
Mrs. R. Oakes.
Mrs. Tl T T-T.,.,.
Ed Beckstrom.
James Call.
Ncls Neleon.
T. Jensen.
Byrd Trego.
.A. LIppneau.
G. S. Pershllne."
N. C. Stevens.
J. Mohr.
MrS. T 'R Pnpt.K. A f Tim-urn
B. T. Kumbler. A. J. Buchanan.
Phil G. Stout. W. W. Phillips.
Mrs. L. E. Lindsay. J. A. Collier, ,
ii- ""-"v,-"- -aJKin3. r- " aeeiey.
ncnry ocnaner.
Silas Parker.
Blanche Hamilton.
Wm. Barker.
B. Barker.
P. A. V.AAv
G. Custer.
J. B. Rice.
Wm. Russell.
A. D. Wentworth.
A- Barrows.
a. Burdette.
Mrs. M. L. HpnrtPi-- Glenn Ward" "
.son. John Ostergard.
Mrs. A. C. Lorent-John Desmoker.
zen. J. Shoplln. '
Mrs. W. H. Warren. 3. Shoplln.
Elmer Reed, A. Shoplln.
G. C. Ma van. Hans Rnrd
E. H. Mayon.. C. J. Mathilson..
C. D. iforirnn.
H. J. Lundstrom.
,Toe Laduc. "
pred Lockley.
3. P. Taylor. 'r
17. S. Houfiman.
V. B. Housman. '
H. E. Penney.
E. N. Penney.
Emery Newby.
Elnur Martin.
F. G. AbelL ,
Charles P Hayes.
M. A. Byerly.
Charles Davis.
Val Wheeler.
James Taylor.
H. M. Roberts.
H. J. Ellis.
H. Pughley.
Lenn Lawrence.
Wm. Dunniway.
M. A. Raymond.
T. J. Hammer.
R. J. Hammer.
Will B. Edwards.
J. B. Wethroll.
J. Robinson.
J. Coyan.
Willis B. West.
J. F. Beckstrom.
John Anderson.
A. W. Brown.
James Winter.
Allen Smith.
D. Barklbw.
John Ransler.
W. W. Caldwell.
J. J. Morgan.
O. P. Hyde.
John F. Clark.
W. C. Barrett.
(Concluded oa Eighth Page.)
Streeter s "Army" Seized
Part of the Lake Front.
Finally Ousted by the Police "Wlth
oat a Battle "What the Squat
ter Claims.
CHICAGO, May 26. Chicago was In
vaded at 1 o'clock this morning by the
army of a hostile state, numbering 13
men, from the "District of Lake Mich
igan." The Invasion ended In a farce
comedy, but came near to being finished
In deadly earnest. The casualties ln-
elude one boy shot In the leg and one
horse killed. " Five of the Invaders were
arrested, and the remainder were allowed
to escape.
The trouble "was precipitated by Cap
tain George W. Streeter, a squatter, who
has from time to time created much
trouble 4and litigation by his efforts to
seize land along the shore-of Lake Michi
gan; The land which he has for some
time claimed to do the "District of Lake
Michigan" consists of made land on the
shores of Lincoln Park, part of It includ
ing one of the main park boulevards.
The courts have decided against the squat
ter again and again, but he has been per
sistent in his efforts to grab the property.
He claims that made land along the Illi
nois shore does not belong to the State
of Illinois, but is, instead, public domain,
free to whoever settle upon It.
Streeter organized the force which made
the descent upon Lincoln Park today, but
was not with them in person. The trans
port containing the "troops" arrived off
Lincoln Park soon after midnight, and
without difficulty they made a landing at
the foot of Superior street, and formally
took possession of 1S6 acres of land
claimed by Captain Streeter and his sub
jects as the Independent territory. Rapid
fire uns. It Is alleged, were on the trans
port decks, ready to cover. If necessary,
the landing of the troops, but without op
position the men made their way through
the surf, rallied around their leader,
"Commandant" William Nilcs, and hcistcd
an American flag in the center of the In
vaded, district.
Police Officer James O'Malley was on
guard at the shore, and hastened to send
a report of the Invasion to the East Chicago-avenue
station, which In turn trans
mitted the Information to Inspector Held
elmeyer. It was decided to take no ac
tion against the invaders until after con
sultation with the city law department.
As far as legal advice was concerned, the
invaders had all the best of It. The
"Commandant" is the legal authority of
the district government, holding, besides
his military title, that of General Justice
of the Supreme Court. Under his orders
the transport, which Is known only as
"BIckleburg's sailboat." hove to and
dropped anchor. Then, It Is alleged, there
were landed 73 Springfield rifles and 1203
rounds of ammunition and two gatllng
Immediately on landing the line of for
tification was marked' out. A line of
plank was laid along the western edge of
the claimed territory, and a barbed-wire
fence "was 6tretched about a foot above
it. Two forts, each about 12 feet square,
and forming an embankment of dirt and
piling .about five feet high, were hastily
ttirbwn up on either side of Superior
street. Sentinels were detailed to patrol
a picket line just Inside the Irarbed wire.
The "Commandant" gave orders to his
men that no one should be allowed to
cross this line.
Though riot calls were turned In, and
Chief of Police Klpley was personally no
tified, the city law department was con
sulted before any action was taken by the
Charles Erly, secretary of the Lincoln
Park Board, was the first official to at -
tempt to force the line, but the determined
and threatening attitude of the invaders
compelled him to withdraw. A short
time afterward Paul Redelskl, superin
tendent of Lincoln Park, came hurrying
up In his buggy, but, facing the same situ
ation, he withdrew. At this Juncture Cap
tain Baer. of the park pcllce, dashed up
In his buggy, and attempted to force his
way across the line. A3 his hcrse would
have crossed the "boundary," General
Niles ran forward and fired four shots
from a gun. It Is supposed that he did
not mean to wound the Captain, for he
appeared to aim only at the horse. The
horse fell dead, and one of the shots, hav
ing speed beyond, wounded Reuben Man
ley, 14 years of age. who was one of the
crowd of curious onlookers. The ball
struck his right knee, inflicting a serious
wound. Another bullet passed through
the lapel of Detective Hiatt's coat.
While the onlookers fell back, and the
excitement of the morning gave way to a
panic, another horse and buggy ap-
proached the line, but "Judge" Nlles still I
maintained his ground. The occupants J
of the vehicle, a man of the name of Mur
phy, and his 10-year-old daughter, did
not seem to realize the gravity of the sit
uation, and the man pressed, his horse
forward. Nlles clubbed hl3 rifle, attacked
Murphy with the weapon, and forced the
horse back from the territory.
Conference In Mayor's Office.
Meanwhile a conference had been held
In the office of Acting Mayor Walker,
and it had. been determined that the squat
ters should be driven out at any cost.
Chief Klpley was instructed at once to
mobilize his forces. ud use such meas
ures as might be necessary. The plan
was to have the Lincoln Park police
order the Streeter force to disband, and If
they did not, to have President Wlcker
sham, of the Lincoln Park Board, call
upon the chief. The Sheriff wa to re
peat the demand, and call upon the police
to disperse them if there was further re
sistance. In this way there would be n?
question as to jurisdiction.
Clilef Klpley secured the co-operation
of Fire Marshal Swency, and the tug Illi
nois was detailed to carry 40 men with
rifles down the river to approach the dis
trict from the lake. All reserve forces
under Inspector Hartnett, at Harrison
street; Inspector Calas and Inspector
Shea, at Desplalnes strpet, and Inspector
Heldelmeyer, at tho East Chicago-avenue
station, were ordered to rendezvous at
the latter station. Then orders were Is
sued to bring up ths police battery, con
sisting of one gatllng gun and two smooth
bores. All these preparations required time,
and It was agreed that 3:30 would be the
hour at which the forces would be In
readiness. Chief Klpley, when notified
that 500 men awaited his orders at the
East Chicago-avenue station, selected as
his aids Inspectors Hartnett. Heldelmeyer
and Shea. Sheriff Magerstat found that
by enlisting bailiffs and almost his entire
force, he could muster about 100 assist
ants. Then the Chief heard from Cap
tain Fowler, of the police battery, who
had already begun active preparations In
getting the guns ready.
Arrivnl of the Police.
By 3 P. M. street-cars and the coming
and going of 16 patrol wagons had col
lected 800 policemen at the East Chicago
avenue police station. At the same hour
Chief Klpley had a telephone message
that 200 officers were on their way from
Hyde Park by way of the Illinois Central
Railway to the North Side. It was found
that the flreboat was so busy with a big
fire on South Water street that It could
not be used, and a city tug was pressed
into service. Police Captain Revere was
put In charge of the men on this boat.
Ths trouble was over, however, before the
naval attack could be made, and tonight
BIckleburg's sailboat returned, quietly to
South Chicago.
The Impending conflict Inded in a fiasco
about 3:25 o'clock. When "Judge" Nlles
ond his four men, all that was left of his
army, heard that they were to be ousted,
they sent word to Captain Baer. request
ing a parley. Upon his appearance the
five men surrendered and were escorted
to the East Chicago-avenue police station.
On theway there the police attempted to
disarm the members of the "army," and
the efforts of the squatters to retain their
rifles created, some commotion. After his
rifle had been taken from Nlles and while
he was on his way to the station, he was
struck several times by men In the cro-svd
that pressed around him. Once he en
deavored to snatch his rifle from the of
ficer who carried It, Intending to shoot a
man who had Just hit him, but he was
quickly subdued by the police.
Streeter caused to be circulated by the
men who took possession of the land a
grandiloquent proclamation, written after
the style of the Declaration of Independ
ence. In which he stated at great length
that the land did not belong to the State
of Illinois nor anybody else, nnd was the
property of whosoever settled upon It
He Is now threatening ligal proctedlngs
against everybody.
Emergency Bill Amendment Adopted
by the Senate.
WASHINGTON, D. C, May 26. The
8enate adopted the amondment for the
Columbia River Improvement today, also
the amendment of Senator Simon for copy
ing the records of the Lakeview Land
Representative Moody has been giving
attention to legislation for the state, and
has been urging every bill that was of
Interest to Oregon. Those which had no
show -whatever of being considered, or
measures which he has found it Impossi
ble to make any progress with, because of
the determination of the House not to
give consideration to, he has wasted no
time on. Oregon has no harder worker
than Mr. Moody.
Tripp's Boom Bursts.
In the various men named for Vlce
Presldentlal candidates. It has become
evident that the boom, of Bartlett Tripp
was the weakest of alL Nearly all the
Republicans In the East say that mem
ory of the experiment by the Republi
cans In nominating Andrew Johnston for
Vice-President Is yet too strong to allow
any further experiments of that kind.
The party leaders here say that "whatever
else Is done, a Republican beyond all ques
tion whl be chosen for Vice-President.
The attempt to make Tripp a Pacific
Coast candidate has met with no re
sponse In the East. The Gold Democrats,
Including Bartlett Tripp, will probably be
taken care of in some appointment made
by the President as a reward for their
stand for sound money.
Medical Investigation In Cuba.
WASHINGTON, May 26. The Secretary
of War has appointed a board of medical
officers to meet at Quemados, Cuba, for
tho purpose of pursuing scientific Investi
gations with reference to the Infectious
diseases prevalent on the Island of Cuba.
The detail for the board Is as follows:
Major Walter Reed and Acting Assistant
Surgeons James Carroll, Arlstides Agri
monte and Jesse W. Lazear. The board
will act under general instructions from
the Surgeon-General of the Army.
British Steamer Ashore.
SIMONSTOWN, South Africa, May 26.
The British steamer Kayapo, from Swan
sea, for Sydney, N. S. W., In ballast, is
ashore off Standkop Point. All on board
1 were saved.
Its Wonderful Prospects In tho
Silver Has Ceased to Be an Israe, an4
the Retention of the Philippines
Is the Important Question.
WASHINGTON, May 26. Representative
JoseDh C Siblev. one. of the nrlndnal
figures In the American Bimetallic League,
has addressed to Thomas H. Tongue tha
following letter on what he considers to
be Oregon's chief interest In the cam
paign now in progress:
"I beg to acknowledge receipt of yours
asking me for some of the reasons why I
believe that the Pacific Coast, especially
Oregon, has a tremendous stake In tha
coming political contest. For years I ad
vocated blmetallsm, because I believed
that In such .manner alone could agricul
ture and our industries generally meat
their full demand. The marvelous In
crease m gold, which has added to ths
world's metallic money more than $1,000,
000,000 In the last four years, and the pro
duction for last year, which left mora
gold for coinage than had ever been given
of both gold and silver in any year since
the history of man first began, renders
this no longer a living issue, especially
when in consideration of the fact that
with the settlement of the war In tha
Transvaal the production of the African
gold fields alone, In the opinion of Gen
eral Warner, of the American Bimetallic
League, and myself, will be more than
ample to double the present stock of tha
world's gold In the next 10 years. Gen
eral Warner, who has been president at
the American Bimetallic League from its
Inception, thoroughly agrees with me that
free silver Is not and cannot longer ba
an Issue, end we have determined to
close the league.
"Looking not backward, but forward,
to unsettled problems, the trade of tha
Orient becomes the master question. I
Indorse the Administration, because it has
established the policy of the open
door In China, because the -world's
trade Is the Oriental trade, the Phll-(
Ipplnes affording us tho base from
which we will distribute, and In which will
he assembled the prodncts of a com
merce vrhlch is destined to outrival
the commerce of the Atlantic, and
Trhlch -will malic the Coast states In
commerce the rivals of the Atlantic
"The wall of excluslveness Is being
broken down in China. Trade, which in
the past has never penetrated a fringe of
more than 10 miles from the seacoaat
towns, now, with the extension of rall-
-ways In every direction throughout that
empire, will bring over 400,000.000 people
to our market with their multiplied de
mands. Geographically and Industrially,
tho United States Is In position to com
mand this commerce. If we fall to do
fo, we will have committed a world,
blunder. Already the Chinese. Japaneee
and Coreans are demanding the products
of our cotton fields and our wheat fields.
At a price lOO per cent higher
than. the prenent rullne price
of wheat today In Oregon,
Chlnn can feed her teeming
millions with, a nutritious food,
at a. lcii cost than rice or any thins
else which, can sustain human life.
The surplus of wheat produced determines
the value of the entire crop. With an out
let giving us millions of more peopla
consuming, the farmer becomes by right,
as he should be, the king, of men. At no
distant day, my personal belief being
within three years at the farthest, every
exportable bushel of wheat raised west
of the continental divide will find its
market and consumption in 'China and
tho Orient, and that at a price which
would make recent prlcesseem Insignifi
cant. "Permit me to quote a statement that
I find in the Consular and commercial
reports, published, by the Bureau of Sta
tistics for March, 1900, which was made
by Mr. James J. Hill, president of tha
Great Northern Railway Company, con
cerning the Asiatic trade: ,
" 'It Is an Immense new market for the
United States. The Increased consump
tion of our wheat and cotton In China
and Japan Is already so large that it has
reached a point where the volume of busi
ness Is only limited by the transportation
facilities of the Orient. These countries
are also large buyers of our silver, with
every prospect that the demand will In
crease. The Great Northern is now build
ing two steamers, which will probably
surpass any steamer in the world aB re
gards tonnage capacity. Each of thesa
steamers has a little less tonnage capacity
than that of the two Lucanlas combineo.
This great tonnage will enable the steam
ers to earn large cargoes at cheap rates,
and the cheaper we can ship our pro
ducts to Asia the sooner will wo extend
our market.'
"When Mr. Hill Bpeaks of two vasselfl
double the size of tha Lucanla, which, bar
ring one or two vessels. Is the largest In
the world, you will readily see how ha
la fitting himself to the condition that ha
sees approaching. To carry the cargo of
one such vessel would take a train of cars
several miles In length.
"I stand today for the Republican. Ad
ministration, because it stands for devel
opment, for progress, for the realization
of all the aspirations of American genius,
whether in factory or In field. I stand for
It because it is seeking to encourage
the enlargement of our merchant marine,
the construction of the Nicaragua Canal,
the enlargement of opportunity and widen
ing the doors through which honest enter
prise may press to the peaceable con
quest of the world's markets for that
American genius.
"I sincerely trust that Oregon, regard
less of past party or political affiliations,
may speak In no uncertain tone touch
ing these great problems of such moment
to all our citizenship, especially to their
own possibilities. It Is not a difficult
matter to picture Portland rivaling:
in its commerce a Liverpool or a
London, and to see the farmers of
yonr magnificent valleys the peers of
the proudest in their possessions."
No Indian "War Feared.
WASHINGTON, May 26. General Wade,
who was directed to proceed to the North
ern Cheyenne Indian agency, at Tongue
River, Mont., and Investigate the reports
that the Indians had the "Messiah" craze,
and intended to rise against the whites,
has telegraphed the Adjutant-General that
he could find no reason to anticipate trou
ble. He says the Indians are In bad con
ditioa, but peaceable and -well disposed.
Captain Page McCarthy Dead.
RICHMOND. Va., May 26. Captain
Page McCarthy, one of the principals la
the famous McCarthy-Mordecl duel. Is
dead, the result of a long illness. The
duel, which took place here In the Spring
of 1S73, was one of the most celebrated
J8lnce the Civil War.