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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Feb. 10, 1895)
YHE SUNDAY OBEQOKEAy, POBlTIiAiSIU FEBKTJABY 10, 1893.
South Portland, Friday evening; by a- few
of her many friends. The evening "was
most pleasantly spent -md a. bountiful
lunch Taras served. Those present -were:
Misses Mabelle Hale, Emma Hyde, Emma
Vobes, Edna Belcher, Millie Miller, Dor
etta KeiL Ocia Smith. Virginia. Maulthaut;
Masters Fred Boody, Elbert and Johnnie
Hale, Albert and Henry Gordon, Villard
JCelL Albert Barnecoff, Fied Maulthau'
and Ed Kuestcrxnan.
EptrortH Leapncm Entertain.
.The entertainment given by the Ep
worth League of the Sunnyslde JL E.
church, at Hunter's hall, Friday evening,
was a decided success. "Madam Peak
and her eight accomplished daughters"
were out in all their glory. The daughters
are truly accomplished, as is also the "old
lady." The cornet solos by Mr. Lawrence
"VVllhelm, with piano accompaniment by
Professor Cohen, were rendered In ex
3trx. Colonel Summers Entertains.
A very pleasant evening was spent by
about 30 of the brothers and their -wives
of Portland lodge 118, I. O. O. F.. at the
residence of Colonel O. Summers, corner
of East Madison and East Twentieth
street, on Friday. The evening was
passed at the game of "progressive
whist," Miss Crowsley and Dr. B. E. Mil
ler -winning first prizes, and Mrs. Summers-
and Brother Seel winning the
A Delightful Whist Tarty.
Mrs. .-Materar gave a delightful whist
party "Saturday, February 2, at her resi
dence, Sixth and Market streets. The
guests' played H hands. The lucky ones
Jwere Miss Annetta Stuart and H. A. Far
rlngtpn. At 1050 an elegant lunch was
served, after which games occurred and
stories were told till midnight.
MIkk JIarquam'i Party
Miss Myrtle Marquam gave a very de
lightful party at her home, ISO Park
Htreet, last Saturday evening. A number
of young people were present, and the
evening was spent In dancing and games
until midnight, when the young people
went home well pleased with their even
The second hop of the series given by
Miss Katharine Wilson and Mr. George H.
Parsons at Parsons' hall will be next Fri
day evening, February 15. The patronesses
will be Mrs. R. L. Taft and Miss Levi
Young. Dancing will begin promptly at
Unique CInb's Staff Parly.
The Unique Club, after spending a very
pleasant evening at the home of Mr.
George Xottage, last evening, decided to
give a social hop in the near future, Invi
tations to be issued soon. The standing of
the club Is such that it Insures a very se
Babes Jn the "Wood.
The Babes in the "cod held their last
hop at the B. S. A. armory Friday even
ing. A very successful cotillion was led
by Charles Maclcay. assisted by Miss
Maeme Gladding. The next hop will take
place on Friday evening, February 15.
Surprise to Mr. Strauch.
"A very enjoyable surprise was tendered
Mr. W. L. Straugh at his home. 334 First
street, "last Wednesday evening. The oc
casion was his 3Slh birthday. The even
ing was spent In music and games, after
which a repast was served.
Acme Soclnl Club.
This club gave a social last Tuesday
evening at Arlon hall. About 60 couples
wore present The next party will be on
the 19th inst., and will be a bon-bon party.
No whist Dancing at 8:45 sharp. Gents,
80 cents; ladles, 25 cents.
St. Ann's- Charitable Society.
A social will be given for the benefit of
this well-known and very worthy soci
ety on, Friday, February 22, at Foreman
hall. The best of mus! has been engaged
for the oacasion, and a pleasant evening
The "Wednesday Club.
The ever-popular Wednesday evening
dancing club of Foreman hall will give a
grand masquerade party on Wednesday
evening. February IS. A pleasant lime
A Musical Social.
The Social Musical Club, with Invited
friends, mot at the home of Mr. and Mrs.
M. A. Huckett Wednesday evening. An
excellent programme was charmingly ren
dered. Social Pergonal,
Second social at Parsons' hall Friday,
- Foreman hall Wednesday Club mas
Mrs. F. C. Miller is visiting in the East
and will be absent two months.
, The "Clnderellas" will give their next
party on Friday night, the 22d inst.
Mrs. A. E. King and Miss E. Allen have
gone abroad for their new stock of milli
ner. Mrs. George T. Myers and Mrs. B. F.
Stevens left Wednesday for Southern Cal
ifornia, to be alsent until May 1.
Mrs. Samuel Heltshu left for San Fran
cisco on Thursday evening to attend the
wedding of Miss Clarissa Sheldon.
Mrs. G. F. Wells and daughter returned
yesterday from San Francisco, where they
have been visiting for the past two
Mrs. Owens Oliver, head milliner of
Olds & King, Is now making her season
trip to 3"e.v York in the interest of the
Mrs. John J. Bradley and daughter, who
has bou visiting Mrs. Joseph A Sladen,.
will return 'to Vancouver barracks on
Mr. and Mrs. Fred Frank, who have
been spending the past weok In Portland,
will leave for their home in San Francisco
Mrs. Rand, wife of Dr. D. II. Band,
leavos for the East today, to be gone sev
eral months. She Is accompanied by Mrs.
Mrs. E. Mears and Miss Winnlfred
Mears arrived from Spokane on Friday
to attond the wedding of Miss Prescott
and Mr. E. C. Mears.
Mr. Lee Hoffman and wife left last
night for San Francisco, to take the
stoamer for Honolulu. They will spend
a month in the islands.
Mrs, Samuel Gregg Fulton has issued
Invitations for a large dinner party on
Thursday evening next, to be followed the
same evening by a Valentine party.
Mr. S. P. Sladden and wife, after travel
ing through aie Eastern stntes for the
past seven months, have returned to
Portland and arc located at "The Willis."
Myrtle chapter, No. 15, Order of Eastern
Suer, will give their annual ball at Arion
hall February 15. Cards In cardroora.
Thaee daelriag invitations can obtain them
At Calvury Presbyterian church this
JMeralag- Miss Caroline Roper, Miss Mary
Sllsby. Mrs. E. Chrisman and Miss
Rather Slleby. comprising the Ashland
Ladies quartet, will assist In the music.
The next parts of the "Tuesday Club"
wW be given on Tuesday evening, at
Par&ans hall. The rtatronn:A u-ni i
Ms. Raloigh Stott Mrs. John McCraken.
3r. Henry E. Jones and Mrs. F. A Beck.
Mr. and Mrs. Philip F. Kelly will leave
tMa evening by the Ncrthorn Pacific rail
read for New York city, and will be ab
sent for months and will visit many
2ertern cities and make a short trip
to Europe before returning.
The ladies of the Unitarian church will
give a valentine party at Arion hall on
the Hth, that will be unique and en
jpjtafeie. A special feature will be some
of Gibson's American girls. Dancing will
oenolude the evening's entertainment
OUT OF TOWX:
Vlss Maokay, of Porllard, spqnt several
dajs f the week with Mrs. Hyde.
Mr. E. C. Mecrs, of the barracks, de
parted last Wednesday for an extended
trip in California.
The Misses Yates, or Omaha, visited
Mrs. Sehon on Tuesday and Wednesday.
General Elweli S. Otis is expected to re
turn to the barracks from Washington, D.
C. sometime next week.
Lieutenant and Mrs. Sehon entertained
a few friends at dinner last Tuesday.
Those present were: The Misses Yates, of
Omaha; Dr. Stevenson and Lieutenant
Captain Hyde, quartermaster of the
United States army, has obtained a
month's leave from duty. The captain
and Mrs. Hyde will leave next week for
California, where they will visit friends.
The bi-weekly garrison hop on Tuesday
evening was a very enjoyable affair. Be
sides a general turnout of the young peo
ple of the garrslon, the following visitors
were present: The Misses Yates, Miss
Mackay and Mr. Warrens.
The Army and Navy Journal of Feb
ruary 1 announces the engagement of
Lieutenant Thomas Senn. United States
navy, to Percy Weatherbee, of Missis
sippi. Miss Weatherbee is a niece of
Colonel B, W. Mitchell. The match is a
very romantic one, the contracting par
ties having met but twice.
Mrs. Otis gave a charming luncheon on
Wednesday afternoon to the Misses Yates.
Covers were laid for 14. The floral decor
ations of the table were Ivy and jonquils.
Those who partook of Mrs. Otis' hos
pitality were: Miss Yates, Miss Bessie
Yates, Miss Marshall, Miss Hannah Mar
shall, Miss Mackay, Miss Otis, Miss Mary
Otis, Mrs. Sehon, Dr. Stevenson, Lieuten
ant Sladen, Lieutenant Hart, Lieutenant
Hasbrouck and Lieutenant Martin.
Mr. E. S. Rothschild, accompanied by
his sister, Mrs. Rau, started on last Tues
day evening for San Francisco, where on
the 20th inst he will be married to Miss
Stella Meyersteln, daughter of one of the
most prominent merchants of that city.
The ceremony will be performed at the
Palace hotel. After a bridal tour In
Southern California. Mr. and Mrs. Roth
schild will come to Portland to reside per
manently. Apartments at the Hotel Port
land have already been reserved for them.
Lieutenant and Mrs. Lasseigne enter
tained quite a number of their friends at
a progressive high-five party on Thurs
day evening. The first prizes, -an elegant
cut-glass dtsh and paper-cutter, were won
by Miss Matile and Lieutenant Donworth,
respectively. At 11 o'clock a delicious
hot supper was served. Among those
present were: Captain and Mrs. McCam
mon. Captain and Mrs. James, Lieutenant
and Mrs. Little, Lieutenant and Mrs.
Cabell, Miss Marshall, Miss Nan Marshall,
Miss Wolverton, Miss Mary Wolverton,
Miss Mary Otis, Miss French. Miss Matile.
Miss Louise Trotter, Miss Effie Trotter,
Miss Anderson, Miss Bessie Anderson,
Miss Minnie Anderson, Major Cave, Cap
tain Wheeler, Dr. Stevenson. Messrs. Has
brouck, Martin, Sladen. Clark, Donworth,
Loveridge and Reynolds.
Hon. George H. Williams, of Portland,
was in the city early In the week.
Miss Davenport, of Sllverton. Or., is
visiting Mr. and Mrs. R. C. Geer.
Miss Minnie Francis, of Portland, vis
ited Miss Lizzie Heltman during the week.
Mrs. George A. Jolliffe departed Mon
day for an extended visit among friends
and relatives In New York state.
John II. Glnder, editor of the Skamania
County Pioneer, of Stevenson, was a
visitor in the city early in the week.
Mrs. E. H. Stlmmel and children, of
Portland, were the guests of Mr. and Mrs.
J. H. Elweli during the latter part of the
Rev. John R. Thompson, of Ocosta,
Wash., formerly pastor of the Presby
terian church in this city, visited friends
here several days during the week.
A very pleasant and successful social
was given by the Young People's Society
of Christian Endeavor, of the Presby
terian church, in the church parlors last
J. C Goodwin, who was in former years
a resident of this city, but who for the
past 13 years has been an employe of the
First National bank, of Portland, was in
the city last Thursday.
Next Thursday evening Ellsworth post,
G. A. It., assisted by the members of the
Sons of Veterans and Daughters of Vet
erans and the pupil3 of the high school,
will give an entertainment in honor of
Mr. and Mrs. W. W. McCredle enter
tained a few neighborhood friends at
progressive whist last Saturday evening.
First prizes were won by Mr. J. Proebstel
and Mrs. A. J. Boehner. Refreshments
were served by the hostess.
Last Wednesday evening Mr. and Mrs.
A. Stevenson entertained a few friends at
their home in honor of their guest, Mrs.
Spencer Cooper, of Portland. Refresh
ments were served, and a very pleasant
evening was passed at cards, music and
A very enjoyable surprise party was
given Mr. E. J. Redrick last Tuesday
evening at his home on Vancouver
Heights. About SO of Mr. Redrlck's
friends were present Dancing was the
chief amusement of the evening, the
guests having made preparations for the
same by bringing an excellent orchestra
with them. Refreshments were also fur
nished and served by the ladies of the
The regular meeting of the As-You-Llke-It
Club was held last Wednesday evening
at the residence of Professor and Mrs.
W. E. Ransom, where the members and
a number of invited guests were charm
ingly entertained. Progres?lvc games and
guessing contests furnished Interesting
amusement for tho guests during the fore
part of the evening. In which prizes were
won by Mrs. R. C. Geer and Mr. WbUney.
and the boobies were awarded to Mrs.
K. F. Hlxon and Mrs. W. H. Eddings.
Delicious light refreshments were served
at U o'clock, after which a number of
very pretty tableaux were cleverly per
formed by various members of the club.
Among those present, besides the mem
bers, were: Mr. and Mrs. E. C. Billows,
Mr. and Mrs. Whitney. Mrs. E. H. Stlm
mol of Portland, Miss Davis, Miss Court
wrlght. Miss Russell, Miss Plnkney.
Miss Minnie Starr and Miss Hattie
D'Orsay, of Portland, spent last Sunday
with Mrs. H. S. Strange.
Walter S. Moss, the theatrical manager,
is spending a few days at his old home
in this city. He is a son of S. W. Moss,
the well-known Oregon pioneer.
Mrs. J. M. Hixson. of Seattle, is visit
ing her daughter, Mrs. R. L. Holman.
She will remain here two weeks, Mr. Hix
son, who has been attending the fruit
growers' meetings In Portland, is here to
remain over Sunday.
Friday was the silver wedding anni
versary of Mr. and Mrs. C. O. T. Williams
and in the evening a number of their
friends called to help the worthy cpuple
celebrate it Refreshments were served
and there was much informal merriment.
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Burghardt cele
brated their joint birthday last Tuesday
afternoon. They had a small company at
dinner at 5 o'clock, and It was the oc
casion of much sociability. The guests
present were: Dr. and Mrs. Cowan, Mr.
and Mrs. George Broughton, Mr. and Mrs,
A S. Dresser and Mrs. L. C. Drlggs.
Last Tuesday was the anniversary of
the birth of Mrs. M. M. Charman, and
her daughter-in-law, Mrs. T. L. Charman,
entertained a company of friends from
2 to 5 o'clock in her honor. The room3
were beautifully decorated with ferns
and foliage of the Oregon grape. An
elaborate lunch was served. The guests
present were: Mrs. M. M. Charman, Mrs.
Emma McDonald, Mrs, George Fox, sr.,
Mrs. Thomas Charman, Mrs. F. L. Coch
ran. Mrs. J. G. Bonnett, Mrs. J. G. Pils
bury. Mrs. Joseph Diller. Mrs. M. E. Bar
low, Mrs. E. R, Charman and Mrs. A
Mr. Andrew Robertson and Miss Emily
Holden were married at the home of the
bride's parents. Mr. and Mrs. A. Holden.
i in this city last Tuesday evening, by Bey.
A. J. Montgomery, of the "Presbyterian
church. Miss Minnie Holden, sister of the
bride, was the maid of honor, and Mr.
W. G. Beattle was groomsman. The wed
ding march was effectively played by Miss
Huldah Holden. A score of guests were
present among whom was Miss Mary
Robertson, of Pendleton, sister C the
jrTOOrn. A bountiful Trxlnr- fe-icf irflt
partaken of, and the newly-married couple
went at once jo their new residence on
Seventh street Mr. Robertson is a pros
perous young merchant and he and his
bride are popular members of Oregon
Mrs, Frank Connolly is visiting in
Mrs. W. H. Drennan was visiting friends
in Oakland this week.
Hon. W. A. Perkins, of Drain, spent
several days in Roseburg this week.
Mrs. J. C. Aiken was called to Wilbur
this week to attend her father, who is
Mrs. E. B. Preble and children left Tues
day for Centralia, Wash., where they
will reside in the future.
James H. Flanagan, of Marshficld, a
brother of Mrs. Thomas R. Sheridan, of
Roseburg, was visiting here this week.
The ladles of St George's Episcopal
church gave an entertainment and social
with refreshments, in the opera-house
Friday evening, which wa3 largely at
tended. Miss Julia HInkle, who has been very
ill for some time with typhoid fever at
a Portland hospital, has so far recov
ered as to be able to return to her home
in this city.
At the residence of Mrs. Ambrose
Young, Oakland, Or., last Tuesday, at 8:30
o'clock P. M.. Mr. R. W. Byars and
Miss Amy Underwood were united in
marriage by Rev. H. S. Shangle. The
bride is a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. H. C.
Underwood and sister of Professor J. A
Underwood, county superintendent of pnb'
IIc schools. The ceremony was witnessed
by a few relatives and intimate friends
of the contracting parties, after which
an elegant supper was served by the
accomplished hostess, assisted by Mrs.
Georgia Young. The young couple left on
the morning local the next day for their
future- home In Pomeroy.
E. Y. Judd Is expected home from across
the sea this month.
Mr. and Mrs. Theron Fell have re
turned from San Francisco.
Mrs. W. S. Ford, of Portland, Is visit
ing her parents in Pendleton.
Mr, and Mrs. W. G. Hankett, of Califor
nia, are visiting Mr. and Mrs. James A.
Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Watson ntrrt'ni
30 friends at progressive whist Wednes
Richard T. Cox. of Arlington, ana A
E. Beard, of Baker Citv. attended h
chrysanthemum party Tuesday night
Miss Geraldine De Spain entertained a
large party of friends at the home of Mr.
and Mrs. Haldane Dickson Thursday
The chrysanthemum dance given Tues
day evening was well attended, and the
party was noticeable for the number of
pretty gowns worn. Among the guests
were: .Messrs. and Mesdames Hailey, Mil
ler, Wheeler, Cook. Dickson, Garnsey,
Manlon, Borle, Roosevelt Shults, Turner,
Hartman. Marshall. Furnish. Vinoent.
Stillman, Wamsley, Matlock. Misses Hex-
ter. flyers, Proebstel, Cahons. Halsey,
Mollis, Gerrish, De Spain, Lane, Bean,
Blshon. Parsons. Shulthls. Messrs. VpII.
Austin, Hexter, Judd. Beard, Cox,
Latnrop, I'razler, Eppinger and Ferguson.
Mr. George Harmon and Miss Nettle
Boyer. two very popular young- people,
were united in marriage on Wednesday
On' Tuesday afternoon the; Ladles'
Neighborhood Club met at the home of
Mrs. J. M. Berry and elected the" follow
ing officers: Mrs. Louise Ellis, president;
Mrs. H. S. Cavana, vice-president; Mrs.
W. G. Masterton, secretary; Mrs. B. D.
On Monday, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Palm
er, aged 83 and 81 years respectively, cele
brated the anniversary of their three
score years of happy married life. This
respected couple have lived In Grand
Ronde Valley for 32 years. They have
living eight children, 36 grandchildren and
13 great-grandchildren. At 1 o'clock qr.
this day the old couple, and 12 fellow
pioneers, enjoyed a delicious dinner at the
home of their daughter, Mrs. B. ' W.
Grandy. The guests were: General J. H.
Stevens, aged $9 years; Mrs. J. H. Stev
ens, 78: Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Williams, 72
and 70; Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Baird, SO and
63; Mrs. Sarah Ellsworth, 82; Mrs. Susan
Williams, SI; Mrs. Mary Nessley, 73; Mrs.
Hannah Chaplin, 72; Mr. Thomas Good
ing, 77; Mr. William Dorance, 72. The
children of Mr. and Mrs. Palmer present
were: Mayor C L. Palmer, of Baker City,
and Mesdames B. W. Grandy, Emma Har
ding. A E. Jones, B. W. Newlln, of La
Miss Linnla Holt gave a delightful tea
party to about 20 of her young lady
friends last Saturday afternoon.
Mrs. Frank Potter, of Shedd, after visit
ing a couple of weeks with her parents
In this city, returned home the first of the
Mrs. F. M. Pickard and children, who
visited a short time with friends in Eu
gene, have returned to their home in
Company C, Second regiment, gave an
other of Its social entertainments at the
armory Saturday evening. Quite a num
ber of the friends of the company were
present and enjoyed a very pleasant even
ing, whist and other games forming an
Important part of the evening's enter
tainment This was looked upon as a sort
of farewell reception in honor of Cap
tain Parker, who has given notice that it
will be impassible for him to serve longer
as commanding officer of the company.,
Miss Barbara Lauer entertained the
sophomore class of the university at her
home Friday evening. There were 24 pres
ent. The game of "cent," played with
a 1-cent piece, was the first of the even
ing, and Mr. Shattuck proved the most
skillful player and was awarded the prize.
Next followed the bean game, and 4n this
Miss Ada Hendrick3 won the lady's prize
and Mr. Fred Flbk the gentjeman's prize.
A charade of books was given, followed
by a sumptuous banquet In the spacious
dining-room, in which all took a most ac
tive part During the evening Miss Lottie
Johnston favored the class with a vocal
solo, and Miss Henrietta Lauer with an
Instrumental sclo. A business meeting
was held, and Mr. Shattuck and Miss Vea
zle were chosm as delegates to the state
oratorical contest at Forest Grove.
A very enjoyable musical recital was
given Wednesday evening by the conserv
atory of music, Willamette university, un
der the direction of Professor Z. M. Par
vin. Invitations had been extended to
members of the state legislature and state
officials, a large number of whom were
present The audience was quite large.
The entertainment was of high class
Herbert L. Brown, of Portland, is mak
ing an excellent record as an entertainer
here. Last Tuesday evening he exhibited
his versatility in the performance given
by fhe Capital minstrels by successfully
playing varying parts of Interlocutor, a
middle-aged German and an upUo-dato
lobbyist of the fair sex.
AS EXPERIENCED TRAVELER
Never hesitates for a moment what road
he will take when leaving Portland. The
essentials In traveling are comfort, safety,
speed and through car service. As the
Lplcn Pacific offers all the above, jnany
experienced travelers are found on its
trains. City ticket office 123 Third street
1 corner Alder.
ANIGHT WITH PEIESTS
OF THE COREANS.
Buddhism d Coaf Hclanism Have
Covered the Country With Monas
teries Filled With Lazy Priests.
I spent a night last spring In the big
gest Buddhist monastery of Corea. It
was founded 1100 years ago, and Corea
had Buddhism, while Japan was still wor
shiping the sun goddess of Shintoism.
The fact is that Japanese Buddhism came
from Corea. This was about 500 years
after Christ when one of ihe Corean
kings gave a golden Buddha to the mi
kado. He popularized the religion, and
Japan was soon filled with Buddhists,
monks and nuns. The religion became
popular, and today Japan is one of the
great Buddhist countries of the world.
Corea, on the other hand, has sunken into
barbarism. It Is the land of infidels and
superstitions. The Buddhist religion,
which was so strong In the past, has fall
en into disgrace, and until lately the
priests were not allowed to come Into the
city of Seoul. There are no Buddhist
temples In Seoul, and there are not a
great many over the country. The chief
center of religion is in the eastern part or
the peninsula, and the monaster' which
I visited is one of the richest and largest
in the world. It had hundreds of acres of
forests connected with It It owned vast
estates, and it had buildings or temples
which made me think of those of Japan.
It was made the Imperial monastery
about 100 years before the discover" of
America. The founder of the present
Corean dynasty was born near it, and
was taught by one of its priests. The
result was that when he became king,
about 500 years ago, he favored this
monaster. He gave H imperial rank,
and its priests have been getting fat off
of presents ever'.since. This man planted
some trees along" the road which leads to
the temple and J rode through these on
my way to the monastery. They are Im
mense pines, almost 200 feet in height, and
opposite them stand stone tablets com
memorating this great monarch. There
is an old prophecy in Corea which statos
that the present dynasty will be destroyed
in the 5O0th year of Its age. It was just
500 years ago that this king lived, and the
Corean rebels Who have tried to break up
the government this year believe that
they ape carrying out this prophecy, and
that the present king will be the last of
I found the country surrounding the
monaster filled with priests. They line
the roads;, they are at work in the fields.
You see them loafing in the woods, and
they fairly swarm about the temples.
They wear yellow gowns, and their hats
are much like inverted butter bowls. They
come down over their heads so that you
see only their noses and their chins, and
they all walk with long staves. They do
not get much attention from the people,
and they are not respected as they are In
other Buddhist countries. Those I met
were densely Ignorant, and it seemed to
me they knew very little about their re
ligion. They are i ery superstitious, and I
saw signs of this everywhere. At the en
trance to the monaster there was a big
gate, and op each side of this stood a row
of totem sticks, carved with hideous faces,
like those which you find outside of each
Corean village. . These are supposed to be
a guard against evil spirits, and they aid
Buddha in protecting hl3 own. We passed
through them and went for several miles
along a well-kept road, through a beauti
ful pine forest, the grass of which was
studded with flowers. Along one side of
the road a mountain torrent rushed over a
ragged rock, sTiising the prais.es of Budd
ha asi pushedits way toward the Pacific
Ocean. On the 'other 'side hills rose al
most Ifke rrfjmuilns'j and the ride was
one of the-most' picturesquethat I found
in Corea. The forests belonging to the es
tablishment are beautifully kept, and
some-parts of the grounds make you think
of an English park, rather than one of
the wildest sections of one of tho most
backward countries on the globe. There
were rustic bridges in temple-like resting
places here and there on the way. Now
and then we passed a cemetery filled with
tablets in memory of the holiest monks of
the past, and all of our surroundings were
filled with the beauties of nature.
Some of the gorgeous priests in their
butter-bowl hats met my party at the
gate, and "General" Pal, my interpreter,
sent our servant along in advance with
my letter of introduction from the king of
Corea. with orders to the chief priest to
prepare a proper entertainment for me.
When we arrived at the temples, how
ever, Pak found that they were going to
put us In a small room. This did not suit
him at all, and he led mo through court
after court until we came to the biggest
temple of all. He stalked with stately
treadrightlnto this, and spolte In grandil
oquent tones to the priests lying about.
He scattered them this way and that, and
we soon had a hundred monks flying
about trying to fix up" the place for my
reception. The room was 100 feet square,
and among those In it at the time wc
came were 50 priests who were eating
their supper. "General" Pak moved
them all to one side, and then pointed to
a place near the wall. He told me that it
was there that I was to spend the night
My resting place was right under a big
golden statue of Buddha, in 'front of
which bowls of Incense were burning. The
room was about 20 feet In height, and
great lanterns hung from the celling.
There were drums and gongs here and
there for the waking up of the gods be
fore praying to them, and there were
mats scattered about, upon which the
priests slept later on.
While we were getting dinner the chief
priest the highest Buddhist in Corea,
came down to see me. He was a man of
about 50, with a head as bald as a billiard
ball and a complexion like that of a well
beaten drum nead. He was withered and
wrinkled, but his little black eyes twinkled
out of their buttonhole silts, and he was
affable and pleasant. He squatted on his
heels on the floor for a time, and then,
upon my asking him to take dinner with
me, he sat down cross-legged and we dis
cussed matters together while our aged
rooster was cooking. I had a good variety
of wines with me, and I offered the chief
priest a glass of champagne. At first he
refused, but upon "General" Pak telling
him it was not like Corean liquor, he
gulped it down In great swallows, rub
bing his stomach the while, as the spark
ling liquid sent a warm glow through his
veins. The truth is. he finished the bottlo
right there, and "General" Pak made him
a present of it There is no glass in Corea,
and the chief priest considered this a mag
nificent gift He bumped his head on the
mats, before me in response to It, and after
this there was nothing in the whole es
tablishment which he did not offer to us,
I asked him some questions about his re
ligion. He told me that Buddhism came
into Corea from China, and that about S00
years after Christ the first Buddhist
monks came from that country. I spoke
to him about the revival of his religion in
Japan and of the movement which Is there
on foot to send Buddhist missionaries to
Corea, in order to bring back the country
to Us old faith, but he did not seem to
have much interest in the matter, and he
was more intent upon watching the get
ting of the dinner than In talking Buddha.
He ate with wooden chopsticks, and he
seemed to like my rice and chicken soup
very much. As soon as we were through,
as politely as possible I signified to him
that I would like to He down and be at
rest I had been riding since 6 o'clock In
the morning a razor-backed pony over a
very rough road, and I was almost tired
out The Coreans do not use beds. Night
clothes are practically unknown, and the
most of the people sleep on the bare floors,
which are as hard as stone. "General"
Pak had, however, a lot ot old rice bags
brought into the temple and spread out
on the floor. 1 supposed the would clean
out the hundred-odd monks who were in
the temple and give me a chance to sleep
alone, and I waited" some time for them to
move. They gave no signs ot doing so.
and at last in despair I asked "General"
Pak for a screen. He broucht half a
dozen, and with these we made a little !
tence about my rice bags, and. undressing.
I wrapped myself In my blanket and soon,
dropped off to sleep.
About Midnight I was awakened by a
horrible din. A hundred gongs were
sounding. Two scores of bells were ring
ing, and there were the beating of drums
and the clapping of hands and a pouncing
of one piece of wood upon another. I rose
to my feet and looked over the scruen.
About 30 monks were still sleeping, and
40 others were trotting here and there
through the temple on their way to
prayers. A brawny priest was pounding
on a gong near my head, and another was
ringing a bell at the foot of my bed. I
stopped and looked on, for there was no
use trying to go to sleep amid such a
noise. This lasted nearly an hour, and
then the priests slowly resumed their
cuddled-up positions on the floor, and the
Corean snore took the place of the eonsrs
and the bells. I went back to my rice 1
Dags, ana tiaa just dropped oft to sleep
when the gongs and bells began again.
I looked at my watch. It was 4 A, M.,
and the day was Just dawning. The morn
ing prayers had begun and this effectually
stopped further rest.
After breakfast I took a walk over the
monaster", and I met a number of the
Buddhist nuns. These were the scrawn
iest, scrappiest, scraggiest women I have
ever seen. Their heads are shaved, and
the women I saw had faces as wrinkled
as the leather of an alligator satchel, and
they made me think of the idiots I have
seen In some of our state asylums. They
live apart from the monks, in quarter's of
their own, and they arc little re&pectel by
the people. I found none of the high-vlass
Coreans had much to do with the monks
or the priests, and they were looked upon
more as a set of ignorant drones than
anythlng.else. The monasteries are travel
resorts for the people, and many expur
slons are taken to visit them, more to ad
mire the beautiful scenery by which they
are surrounded than anything else- The
Coreans are fond of the beauties, of nature
and on any fine day you may see scores
of them wandering through the hills about
the Corean capital and writing verses and
poetry inspired by the sight. When the
trees are In flower they have picnics under
them, and the beautiful parks of the
country are as well known as those of
Switzerland are known to Europe. The
gentlemen often have poetry parties, at
which they compete with each other in
writing verses on the spur of the moment
on certain subjects, and they are very
strict In matters of etiquette. More of
them believe in Confucius than In any
thing else, and their culture, you know,
all comes from China. Just outside of
Seoul there Is a massive Buddha carved
out of stone, with a little temple above It,
but it has few worshipers, and the only
temples In the Corean capital are Con
fucian. I found the Coreans superstitious in
the extreme, but I met evidences of this
everywhere. The trees which we passed
at the Xoot of the mountains had piles of
stone about them, and "General" Pak al
ways picked up another stone and threw
it on the pile. He told me that in those
trees lived the gods of the mountains,
and that if we did not do them honor by
giving them a stone they would work us
great harm. Nearly every house had a
magic charm tied about it in order to
keep out the spirits, and professional sor
cerers are called in at funerals to drive
off the demons. These are usually old
women, who have a very curious dance,
and who whirl about in the streets for
hours in order to keep oft the evil one. I
saw several table rocks on my trip across
the country, which are used for sacrifices
In times of epidemics, and one Immense
stone of this kind, about 20 feet square,
I was told, saved the country from small
pox. Tho Coreans believe in astrp.logy.
They have their lucky ,days andthejr
unlucky days, and they think that the
spirits hover about them and work them
good or ill. At the cross-roads I often saw
straw effigies, which I was told had been
made by men as a gdard against evil dis
eases. In such straw men are hidden
pieces of money, and the parties who
make them say a prayer over them, ask
ing that they be delivered from all dis
eases and misfortunes for the next 12
months. They then give. them to the
boys, who tear them to pieces to find the
money. The more the figure is torn, the
greater the efficacy of the charm. The
Coreans consider nine to be a lucky num
ber, and they have all kinds of rain
prophets and dream signs.
I found many boys in this big Corean
monastery. They were studying to be
priests, and the chief priest tcok four of
them and posed them. In crder that I
might have their pictures taken. They
were bright little fellows, and they went
over the prayers of Buddha quite glibly,
not knowing what they mean. The chil
dren form one of the most interesting
features of Corea. They are bright and
good-natured, and very polite. They tag
ged at my heels wherever I went, arid
gave the chief amusing features of the
whole trip. In the summer children under
six years' wear little more than a little
jacket, which comes just .down below the
armpits. They eat great quantities of
IP P I kJi
I considerations of comfort and looking
only at the matter on the side of beauty,
a woman's health should be the object of greatest care and thought.
Half of the women one meets are semi-invalids. Carelessness and ignorance and
neglect have made it so. Failure to heed the warnings of outraged nature failure
to give the help needed by the most delicate and sensitive organs little troubles
Ignored until they have become dominant disease allowed every chance to spread
and gain a settled seat these things bring about the sunken,, circled eyes, the
hollow cheeks, the pale and sallow skin, the flabby, strengthless flesh, which
characterize the appearance of the woman who suffers from "female weakness."
There is no reason, save that of carelessness, why the human female should not be
as strongly healthy as the human male. There is no reason in nature for it there
is no excuse in the world for "female weakness." If proper care be taken, it need
never exist. If proper care be taken, its existence can be stopped.
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription has cured thousands of suffering women. It is
a perfected specific for the troubles peculiar to them. It eradicates the disease,
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aminations and " local treatment" so much dreaded by modestly sensitive women.
For thirty years, it has been successfully prescribed by Dr. Pierce, Chief Consulting
Physician to the Invalids Hotel and Surgical Institute at Buffalo, N. Y.
The above brief talfcon Woman's peculiar ailments is continued in a treatise of i63 pages,
containing scores of testimonials and reproduced photographs with names and addresses of
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raw turnips and pumpkins, and the whole
of baby Corea may be said to be pot-bellied.
The children have all kinds of
games,, and they delight in the flying of
kites. Their kites are made differently
from onrs. They are stcare"ln shape, with
a hole as big around as a tin cup In 'the
middle. They let out the string by a reel,
and they have kite fights. They use great
skill in this amusement, and two rival
kites will fight like -live things hundreds
of feet up In the air. Each one of the fight
ers. tries to entangle the other kites, to
break their strings and drag them dovfn
to the ground. The greatest kite-flying
time is during the New Year holidays,
and the men, as well as the boys, have
The Coreans are fond of gambling, but
the laws provide that there shall be no
gambling, except at funerals, and then
only among the friends of the deceased.
This makes the dead man very popular,
and all who have any claim whatever to
friendship or relationship with hlra appear
at the funeral. The ceremony usually
lasts for days, and It is a kind of a cross
between an African hoodoo show and an
Graves In Corea are quite as Important
as they are in China. Every family has
Its burying ground, and the dead are car
ried for miles in order that they may be
laid with their kin. The monuments are
usually round mounds of earth, and the
bigger the man the bigger the mound. A
rich man will often take a whole hill to
himself, and the cemeteries aro usually
located on the sides of hills. When a man
dies, hired mourners are called In. and
these wail as they burn the clothing of
the dead. They do this at night in the
street in front of the door. The funerals
of Seoul have to pass out of certain
gates of the city, and must go through
Just at dusk. The result Is that they go
to the grave on a run. for If they do not
arrive there in time they will have to
squat down and wait till the gates open
in tho morning. Such funerals are al
ways accompanied by men, and there is
dancing and merry-making on the way.
I saw a number during my stay in Seoul,
and there seemed tq bq more rejoicing
My next letter will .be 1he last on Cores.
It will describe my trip to the harbor of
Gensan, whence I went to Siberia, ard
will show some queer unknown features
of the hermit kingdom.
FRANK G. CARPENTER.
THE HAWK OF THE YALU
He Perches Upon the Mainmast of a
A curious memorandum, from xvhlch the fol
lowing is extracted, has been presented by Mr.
M. Ito to the mikado, and translated Into Ens
lish and forwarded to the London Times by the
author himself: "In the memorable naval flsht
In the Yellow sea. a desperate engagement took
place between the fleet" ot Japan and China
from noon to dusk, and several of the enemy's
ships were sunk and burnt, the rest taking
flight. It was nearly dark when the battle
ceased. Just then somethlns was observed to
descend from the skies with great force and
hover about over his majesty's- ship Takachlho,
and finally perch upon the top of her mainmast,
when it was observed to be a hank. The com
mander of the ship. Captain T. Nomura, ordered
one of the marines to ascend the mast and
seize the bird. The latter, dropping its head,
did not attempt to move, but -seemed glad to be
caught. A bird obtained In this singular man
ner was naturally welcomed with enthusiasm
as heaven's messenger, and It was decided to
keep it alive with care. There being at that time
no fresh meat in the ship to gKe to tho bird,
the whole -essel was soon In a. bustle to hunt
for rats. It was after the vessel returned to
the mouth ot the Tal Dong Gang that the bird
was first fed on pure" meat
"Shortly afterward Commander Mlki Sal to. a
naval officer in attendance upon his majesty,
was ordered by the emperor to pay a visit to
tho Japanese fleet in the Tal Dong; Gang as an
imperial messenger. On learning from the com
mander of the Takachlho tho story of the bird,
he took It back with him to the imperial mili
tary headquarters, where It was presented to
his majesty, together with an account of,.the
circumstances connected with., Its, capture, .HI
majesty was so pleased with It that he ordered
It to bo kept at. tho headquarters, riamlnj 'it
Takachlho 'Taka' meam hawk In Japanese
after the vessel on which It was obtained. The
hawk is a most fierce, brave and daring mem
ber of the winged community. It is a remark
able circumstance that a king of Kudara once
made a present of a hawk to the Emperor Nin
toku in the 43d year of his reign. Kudara Is
the present Corea, and It was then under the
sway of the Japanese court. As to the em
peror Nintoku. he is remembered as a great
sovereign, wise and benevolent, always solici
tous for the welfare of his subjects."
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